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tronarisiw op 2js.us AUSTIN SiSXAS Mi I ALWAYS PROGRESSIVE DISTINCTIVE IN SERVICE A CHAMPION OF IUSTICF A mSFJJGER OF HOre J feunded by W. B. King. . TAtf Republican Party is The Ship, All Else Is The Sea." Fred Douglas. ' - ' ' . ' - - , VOL. XXX, NO. 6. ". i ,1 . , i THK DALLAS KXI'IIESS, DALIiAS, TEXAS, SATURDAY. DECEMBER 2, 1922. PRICB FITB CENTS n glU ISIS1 LI3 MEMBERS OF NIGHT RIDING PARTY IN GEORGIA IDENTIFIED. CASE MAY . PROVE BASIS FOR STATE ANTI LYNCH LAW. Atlanta, Ga., Nov. 30. Identifi cation of the members of the white mob which attacked the home of Asbury McCluskey, prominent Color ed citizen of this community, wound ed the man himself and attempted to drive him from the community, has resulted in the filing of a suit for $50,000 against mobblsts, by the Georgia Commission on Inter-raclal Co-operation. Under the leadership of Dr. T. J. Wolfter, the commtsion Is waging a vigorous campaign against mob violence and Injustice, and for the development of a public sentiment that will Insure the protection of the life and property of every citi zen. Irrespective of color. Governor Dorsey's astounding ex hibits of lynchlngs and other In justices were published and widely circulated and created an Impression which It is believed will work Im measurable benefit. The Commission has also drafted and is working hard for the enact ment of an effective anti-lynching law, and are throwing hard for the MALE CHILD FOUND IN MAN'S ABDOMEN. Springfield, Mass., Nov. 30. Med ical Examiner Jones and Assistant Medical Examiner Chtllander, In per forming an autopsy on the body of an aged man killed by an automobl'e made an Astounding discovery. They found in , the. man's. abdomen five or six pounds, fully formed the body of a male infant weighing with the exception of a head. The body was in a sack, which was filled with a fatty fluid, and the growth had increased In size so that It pressed upon the man's internal or gans, and according to physicians, distress at times. Surgeons from Western Massachu setts who had flocked to the medical examiners office to examine the growth says it Is the most remark Able example of anatomical or em byologlcal abbreation of which they had ever heard. Tho theory which they belived to be most enable as to the causa of the growth is that it is a peculiar examp le of Siamese twins; in other words, an example of two fertilized where one of them enveloped the other be fore birtU instead of becoming mere attached to it externally, as usual In the case of such twins. It is belived that. when the child was born the other remained in the normal Infant's body, but only had started to develop into a child, held back by the con ditions under which it existed in the abdomen of the normal infant. The theory, then is thjit this body in the abdomen continued to grow in a retarded way for years, until it had attained its present size. Body Is Nearly Perfect The body within body had one arm slightly shriveled, but the other was nearly perfect, as was the re mainder of the body, except that it was attached to the abdominal walla and blood vessels at the point where the head ought to be. Dr. Chll lander said that the growth contain ed the internals organs, which, howevor, were abnormal. Dr. sweet said that in opening certain germold cysts In bodies of pa tients which were pr.vtn ot a br i ; ceveral times teeth almost or whool formed mo in one instance almost a perfect jawbone, but . never anything approaching fully developed from. The body, or grown, lias been placed in n Jai and will be submitted to the btst medical experts of the country for Inspection. SOUTH CAROLINA "COTTON KING" DIES AT HOME. Bennettsville; S. C. Nov.. 30. The Negro Cotton King" of South Caro lina, J. W. Thomas, wealthiest and prominent member of his race in Marlboro county, died here on Friday night, aged 67 years. His death came unexpectedly, as he was seen on the streets of Bennettsville on Thursday. But he had been sick for some time, suffering from brights disease and diabetes and had recently undergone treatment at John Hpkini, hospi tal, Baltimore, and at Battle Creek Sanitarium, Michigan. Mr, Thomas was a natable f'gure. He owned one the largest plantations in South Carolina, and cultivated it with such success that he was crown as "cotton king" by all or South Carolina. He was engaged in busi ness with a wbite partner; a'ter putting his own land in shape, ha supervised the cultivation of his enactment of an effective antl-lyn-chlng law, and are throwing all of their efforts to aid In carrying the Dyer measure through. A vitalized, collective power for good, the Commission has Investi gated numerous instances of out lawry and mob reign, and are slow ly, but none the less surely. In culcating the strong arm of the law Into the cases. Already legal aid has been extended in a number of the cases, while others, brought to the attention of these far seeing men and women, have been promised assistance. Aided In Williams' Case. Among the former may be men tioned the notorious Williams' "mur der farm" case, which the Com mission helped to prosecute, and In which convictions were secured; the case of Tom Parks, whose farm was saved from fraudulent fore closure; the release of a Negro boy who was held In service with out, pay and brutally treated, and the case of Asbury McClusfcy, men tioned above. NEGRO SHIP HERO SAVES SCIENTIFIC DATA. New York, N. Y., Nov. 30 Because of the magdificant heroism of Sam Christopher, a Negro attendant on board the yacht Viking, which wab burned in the babor of Port of Spain, Trinidad, early In 4be morning of .October28, rvnrabe- of. strange' uid rare animals are added to the Bronx Zoological Park. The specimens in clude a two-toed Scloth. a paroquet, and a real howling monkey. A night monkey, an animal that never appears in the daytime, and a cebus monkey were also saved, bul these died enroute to New York. Four Venezuelan turtles, a collection or Insects and a four-footed ell lost In the fire. The collection had been assembled by Prof. William Beebe and a group of scientist from New York Zoo logical Society, and they had been in South America since February. The party was in port of Spain, on board the Viking as guest of the Barber Asphalt Company. Prof. Beebe and party were sixty miles inland,, ex amining the famous pitch lake of Trlni'lad, only Gilbert Broking, orni thological expert, remaining behind. But Broking was sleeping on shore, leaving Christopher :s the oniy mem ber of the party on board ship. Two Venezuelans were also on board. Aroufied by Midnight Fire. Christopher was aroused shortly after midnight by a fire lu the :oal bunkers, amldshlp. With the two men he fought the fire for an hour and had it seemlnsily newly under con trol. But when the blaze flared sud denly the natives lost their heads and became useless from terror. Sam rushed to the deck and signall ed to shore for help. Whtn boats drew alongside he began the work of falvages. Absolutely single-handed, the col ored man made the triplnthe in farno of flames and brought out. in addition to the animals already enum erated, scientific records, jungle mot Ion pictures, specimens and data of incalculable value. All the upeciirenn and data of tropical research were left on board, in addition to Prof Bcebe's personal notes, extending over a period of five years, contain ing matter which could not be re placed. . ' Broking made his wav out to the V!Mng and was a witness to the col led attendant's heroism. With smoks pouring out of portholes and flames rising from the deck. Christopher continued his work until all the val uable prope-ties were saved. As he left tbi dining saloon with the last load the deck caved in with acrash. Christopher and Broking jumped in to a row boat and pulled out of the danger zone. The flaming vcbsoI was finally towed toward the jetty in hopes that the Port of Si, tin fire company might be able to prevent total loss, bht there was a failure of the water power nnd the vessel was taken back out in the harbor. Sam Christopher, with Professor Beebe and his party of scientist, re ached New York on tho steamer Mnra7al on Wednesday, October 8. partner's land. Inbne year the prof its amounted to $100,000, divided equally between the two men. He owned at the time of his death a large mercantile business here and was reputed to be worth at least $300,000. leading white and colored citizens of the State attended tho funeral and paid tribute to his memory. Angry StdclclioIcler.Claims Race-Bank CLAIMS PREJUDICE RAM-! PANT IN WASHINGTON DE- PARTMENTS. Washington,' D. C, Nov. 30. Washington is different with Con gress in session. Washington Is different to begin with. It is dif ferent from the big Industrial and commerlcial cities, where there is hustle; hurry and scurry. Here, everything moves slowly except prejudice. That is about the swif ttest moving thing in town, and those who compare things now even under Republican control with what they were twenty-two years ago under a McKinley administration, or twenty-six years ago under a dem ocratic Cleveland administration, or twenty-six years ago under: a dem ocratic Cleveland administration, in office and out, will be forced to ad mit that prejudice here has had a fine run for its money. Race prejuuice in Washington, the nation's capltol, where the very acme of government idealism would be supposed to be reached, is a fine field for cynics, to say the least. The appeals to justice, equality and fair play are a traverslty upon the dreams Of the founders of the na tion. It's all a huge joke In Wash ington, "Due Sue," as the prom ising offspring of the writer dubs it. Prejudice Is so rampant here, and indifference to It by the authorities so glaring, that one is made to shoulder what the answer will be another score of years, if the old cursed things keep on. Take Treasury Department. - There is the Treasury department, for example. There has been dis covered an -unwritten - law in this department to the effect that all Colored women must be ' accepted only in the registers division, and then must be segregated. Precedent would require a Colored Register of the Treasury, and if President expects to succeed himself in 1924. he could make a good political play here. ! However, It has been discovered that there is a young woman from Boston in one of the divisions, whom the srutinlzing chiefs . had failed to "case." Her work is ef ficient, and she has been promoted to a position paying $1,850 a year. Presto, some one found that this capable young lady is living with "Colored people." Hence, she has been called In and informed that It would be wise to be transferred to Boston, at $1450. The young lady cannot see the point, and . refuses to go. Congressman Tlnkem of-Massachusetts, who says he is going to compel the southerners ' to permit all citizens. to vote, is backing the young lady up In her refusal. The matter has been taken up directly with Secretary Mellon. Another Case in Point. Down in Virginia, a Colored clerk was promoted to be clerk in charge, in the railway mail1 service. He hap pens to be well qualified, and a brother-in-law of a prominent pub lic official in Chicago. When it was discovered that this man is run ning in charge, the two Senators from Virginia, several Congressmen., "prominent" citizens and business men, entered a strong protest to Second Asst. Postmaster General Paul Henderson, son-lnlaw of Con gressman M. B. Madden of Chicago.1 They said, "This is a white line." meaning that while in the South Colored clerks run in charge over some lines, former P. M. G. Bur leson, made a dead line. It happens that General Hender son Is made of .the old fashioned clay of Justice, rnd. so far as he is concerned, is determined to Wipe out the fo'lies of the color line. Henderson has told the clerk to stay on the run, and his opln'on of pre judice of this kind would change the temperature. MAN GOES CRAZY . Alexandria, La., Nov. 30 A mur-i der and an attempted suicide are two ot the sensations which crowd ed themselves Into the activities of the city Tuesday, Sheppard An derson, a Negro, 60 years old. was shot and killed at his home In Ma eon street, near Fenner street, by Nelson N. Cloud, a former Alexan dria saloon-keeper,' and a short time after his arrest and incarcer ation In .the parish jail on the charge t murder. Cloud attempted suicide by slashing his throat with pocket knife. ' The ehooting of Anderson occurr ed just on the outside of the dead man's yard in Madison streei. and !s said to have resulted over a set tlement for sone wood the two BIG CORPORATION PAYS QUARTERLY DIVIDEND OF 8 PER CENT. Washington, D. C, Nov. 30. The Allied Industrial Finance Cor poration has 'just sent out a divi dend check covering the first quar terly dividend of 8 per cent to the paid up holders of Us preferred stock. The corporation has made re markable progress -during the past few months ' in which It has been actively engaged In business. Having been organized In De cember. 1920. with Dr. Emmett J. Scott, of Washington, D. C, as pres ident, and -with Mr. John R. Haw kins, Dr. A. M. Curtis, Mr. White field McKinley and Mr. Norman L. McGhee, as fellow officers and di rectors, over One Hundred Thous and ($100,000) Dollars worth of the Allied Industrial Finance Corpora tion's stock was subscribed by July 1, 1922, at Which time it start started actively on its program to. Bupply financial assistance to Color ed business men and women, and groups of Colored men and women, in the extension of business, the building of homes and other worthy objects. Other prominent men who are on the Board of Directors of the Allied Industrial Finance Corporation are Dr. M. O. Dumas, Mr. F. Morris Murray, Dr. A." B. Jackson, D. C, Mr. S. W. Green, of New Orleans, La., Dr. George E. Cannon of Jersey City, N. J.; Dr. R. M. Fowler, of Atlantic City, X J.; Dr. J. B. Stubbs, and Dr. S. G. Elbert, of Wilmington, Delaware: Mr. E. C. Brown, of Philadelphia, Penn; Mr. J. L. Jon'ee of Cincinnati. Ohio; Mr. T. H. Klah, of Princess Anne, Mary land. The counsel for the Corpora tion is Attorney James A. Cobb, of Washington, D...C. - The , Allied v Industrial Finance Corporation Is , nation-wide In scope. It expects "to-'. add to Its already strong mangement the leading men of the racen In the various states. Already the Corporation has operat ed with satisffactory results in Del aware, Maryland. New York, Penn sylvania, New Jersey and the Dis trict of Columbia. In ministering to the needs of the Colored business men and women and the enterprises undertaken by them in these states, it Is not only making money for its subscribers but is rendering a needed service to the race. In referring to the recent dividend declared on the Preferred stock of the-Corporation, Dr. Scott, the Pres ident, said: "Now that the Allied In dustrial Finance Corporation has reached the point where It Is pay ing its first quarterly dividend, its success appears to be assured. The only thing we have to worry about is what the measure of that success shall be. Shall it be just an ordi nary success, or will Negro men and women rise to their opportunity and make the Allied Industrital Finance Corporation measure up to any one of the hundreds of great en terprises of similar nature operated by white men? Continuing Dr. Scott said: "The one great essential to big business Is joint effort. Outstanding men and women must work together, one here, another there; one man In one line, another man in another line, but all heading towards the same object, viz: the bringing to gether in this "Allied enterprise of great numbers of ou rpeople who will buy the stock -f the Corpora tion according to their means. The members of the race have plenty of money to help the buctness of the race a thousand fold but most of this money goes to help business outside of our race. 'Vhe machinery of this thoroughly organized enter prise has been set in motion and Is gaining momentum every day to do the big things we have all been talking about." The Allied Industrial Finance Cor poration plans to be the largest and stronges Colored financial In stitution In America. In promoting its program In tho various states in which it has rutered number of conferences have been held in sec-, lions of these states, at which con- AFTER KILLING NEGRO, SLASHES THROAT men having been "In the wood busi ness together. It is alleged that Cloud made a demand upon Ander son for money which he claimed was due him. Anderson, It la said, told him that he had been unable to sell the wood on account of the fact that the weather had been so warm and after they had exchanged some words, Cloud began firing at the Negro. He used a .38 caliber special, with which he is said to ha'e fired five shots, fo ir of which took effect. According to Coroner Cbappel, one of the bullets entered the back, pass ed througU the heart and came out tn front. Two others were deep wounds and the fourth glanced the flesh. , LILY WHITES PROTEST HARDING'S APPOINTMENT OF NEGRO. Washington, Nov. 30. The nomi nation by President Harding of Walter L. Cohen as Controller of Customs at New Orleuns is expect ed to cause one of the sharpest fights that has taken place in thu Senate in months. It was predicted that Co hen's nomination would not ba con firmed.. Business elements in New Orleans as well as the entire delegation from Louisiana . in Congress opposed thr appointment of Cohen to act as Controller at the port which happens to be second In the amount of busi ness transacted In the United States ranking only, below New York. -It Is no secret here that one of the mis sions of Governor John F. Parker to Washington a few days ago was to ,urge the Administration not to name c.or.en. Cohen's claim to the nomination U said to rest on the fact that he is the Republican NVgro leado.r in New Orleans and is backed by the Repub lican National Committee. Vp to this time the Administration has appoint ed few Negroes to office and in fact not a great many appointments o' obnoxious character to the coimnun Ities Involved have been made- wheth er tho nominees were white or colo red. Stories hve been afloat In Washington, however, that now that the elections are over the appoint ments will be confined to "deserving Republicans," and that paty debts will re paid. A renewal of the "Lily White" vs. "Black and Tan" factional split in the Republican party here has fol lowed the action of : President Hard ing In appointing Walter L. Coher, a Negroi Republican, to the office of Controller of Customs, a position formerly known as that of naval officer. The .charge that the appointment wag in the face f a promise made by President Harding that he would not appoint any Negro to a. Federal position In LoMlhiana or any, other pert of the South was made by .War re Kearny, reputed leader of the "Lily White" faction. GIRL CONFESSES SHE TIED SELF TO TRACKS. (Preston News Service) Clearfield, Pa., Nov. 30. Miss No ra Moore, aged 18 years, who had been held in the local jail pending an investigation Into the story that she had been sold by her mother to a white man who bound her to the Pennsylvania railroad tracks near here, where she was found about five minutes before a fast passen ger train was due, has been released after a commission appointed to In vestigate her sanity declared that she was sane, and she confessed to having tied herself to the tracks. t Local jail authorities doubted Miss Moore's statements, but she I demonstrated a unique ability to knot her hands behind her back. She was released with Instructions to leave this county at once. ferences many prominent speakers have appeared and have discussed Problems of Industrial and economic importance to the Colore! people. Meetings have been held in Salis bury, Maryland; Wilmington, Dela ware, Chester. Pennsylvania; Do ver, Delaware, and many others places. Shortly there will be held meetings at Atlantic City. New Jer sey; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Jersey City, N. J.; New York, Pitts burg, and Newark, New Jersey, where the program of the Corpora tion will be presented. It is hoped that through this Corporation the money of the Color people may be united so that ! will be available for use In busi ness enterprises and in other di rections which will benefit the Col ored people in exactly the same way that white people are benefited by ualMng their money In their busi ness enterprises. AND DIES IN JAIL. Cloud was committed to the parish jail by Deputy Sheriff N. K Vance, who declared that he was practically In a state of collapse and could scarcely walk up the Jail steps. Deputy Vance says he searched him and could find no weapon of any kind. He believes that he must have had the small pocket knife with which he cut himself, concealed In his shoe. . A short time after Clou.t had been Incarcerated in jail, he slash ed his throat. lie died at the Baptist Hospital at 9:15 o clock Wednesday morn lng as a result of his wounds. In addition to tb wound on the throat. Cloud had a stab-wound just over the heart. DOUGLAS NATIONAL, 2ND NEGRO NA TIONAL BANK IN U. S. CLAIMED IN SOLVENT BECAUSE OF ALLEGED FRAUD IN PROCURING CHARTER. Chicago, III.. Nov. 30 A suit was filed by P. W. Chavers, a stock holder, through Maj. A. E. Patter son and the law firm of Hoyne, Barnhart McKay & Nlemever. last Tuesday, against the Douglas Na tional Bank, Thirty-second and State streets, heralded on Its or ganization four months ago as the 2nd Negro inatlonal bank in the country, Federal Judee Camentler wan nuk ed to take charge of the assets and to wind up affairs. A petition filed in the Federal Court charges the bank Is insolvent and that a move is on to dissipate Its assets. Officers and directors, the peti tion chareea. have consnlreH tn in vest $175,000, practically all of the capital, in a bond issue floated by tne uverton Building Company. Anthony Overton, president of the bank. Is said to be also head which is selling bonds for the erec of the Overton Building Company, tion of a business building at 36 place and State streets. COMMISSION SAYS WHITE MAN'S EVILS HINDER AF- RICA. - - (Continued from last week) New York, Nov. 30 -"Africa, like every other land of continental pro portions, has all types of climates, due tn dlfferenrpH In lntltudn and altitude. Is a statement - embodied in tne report or the Arrlcan Educa tion Commission Just published by the Phelps-Stokes Fund. For In, stance, British South Africa, which Is one half the area of the United States, is almost entirely .in the South TemDerftta sone. All the Went Coast Colonies have some high sec tions where the tropical heat Is favorably modified, while the great Congo Basin has an average alti tude of one thousand feet. In further rtlsf-nnnlnn nn tha nh. Ject the report says: "Even in the lower levels where mosquitoes and tsetse flies have heen n numiu tn health and life missionaries, mer chants and government officials are living with considerable safety and comfort. Members of the Education i Commission were repeatedly lm- Pressed hy the sight of Europeans and Anif ricans who have lived in these reelon for mnr-v vasra Tn one American mission station, just wnere tne Congo River crosaus the Equator, the Commission saw four American families with nevnn chil dren, all In good health. In another station in Lower Congo there were two American missionaries and their Wives who hav nerv-wl nn average of forty years in that re gion, notorious for malaria and sleeping sickness. "The health experience of the Education Commission is most re assuring to travelers in Afr'. This party of Americans and Europeans with one ratlve African traveled 25,000 miles for ten months in coast and Interior regions ci Afri ca, absolutely without Illness from any Arrlcan cause. The only pre cautious required were helmets in the tropics, dally qulnlnn in malarial regions, and boiled water whe-e the suppiy was not supervised." That tho nrr.snerltv nf all pies is dependent upon co-operative reiaticns with other pernles, and that the Influence of the white racs on Afiica has so far been, nn tha whole, good, are conclusions reach ed by tho commission. Excerpts from tne repoit on the subject follow: "Some have thougjt that the In fluences of Europeans and Ameri cans have been more for evil than for good. Some have thought that It would have been be'.ter to leave the African In his natural condi tion. Few have realized the Import ance of the movement;) that have been started and the thanges that have been wrought. It mtiBt be stated that many mistakes have been made and many Injustices perpetrated. In some sections the Africans have suffered tragically at the hands of selfish white exploi ters. Ev'le influences originated by white people still persist in too many parts of Africa. "It is. however, the emphatic con viction of the Education Commis sion that the gains that have come to Africa through the white man are far greater than ' the losses. Among the most convln clgnvelW Among the most convincing eviden ces of this, conviction are those ob tained from a study of the portions Insolent I . The petition charges the charter 'was fraudulently procurred from the 'comptroller of currency by false ronxOBAn t tlATin. Sunscrihers tor biock. tne dhj as serts, white were denied an op portunity of completing payments, ana It was soia to a wnue Bynuicaio for $105 per share, whereas the subscribers agreed to purchase It at $130 per share. ' Operatives of the Keystone ' Na tional Detective Agency were em ployed to gather evidence. Officers of the bank Include the Rev. J. W. Robertson, R. R. Jack son, S. A. T. Watklns and Edward Miller. Deposits are about $75,000. Judge Carpenter reserved his de cision pending an Investigation,, of flclals deny the institution Is in solvent and, It Is Bald, charge Cha vers, who organized the bank, with conspiring iu wrecu n umcuuho no was . not elected President. Chlca goans who have taken pride In the Institution are rallying to its aid. NEGROES REFUSE TO LEAVE COUNTRY WHEN THREAT ENED. . . Athens, Ga... Nov. 30. Two hund red Negroes and 50 white farmers of Oconee county held a mass meeting acco.din to reports published here, after notices Were posted on several negro churches and lodge rooms, Sunday, warning the Negroes to leave before the end of the year. The Negroes at the meeting adopt ed a rasolution declaring confidence lu the law-abiding white citizens of our county; and further, "that will not bo, driven from among the whito people whom wo know to be our friends without first giv'ng them an to tumult on various occasions dur- Oconee county has been thrown ln lotuimilt on various ocotslons dur ing the last year. State officers' at tention has been called to the numer ous cases of night riding by masked men In which, reports say, Nfgroes were taken from their hemes and flogged. The county grand Jury recently re-turno-1 Indictments agattiFt "hito persons after the lynching of three Negroes. No convictions were obt lined PASSES CENTURY, MEETS DEATH IN FERB. (Preston News Service) Thomasvllle, Ga., Nov. 30. George ?"adley, said to have been the oldest man in this section of Goor?ia, was burned to death in a fire that destroyed his home last Wednesday night. He gave his age to census enumerators in 1920 as more than 100 years, and to sub stantiate bis age he told of things he wtnessed which happened more than 90 years ago. of Africa row ruled by European nations. .The elements o' life that renect tne cnanges introaucea oy the white groups have been the im provement of physical well-being, including the decrease of sickness and death and the attendant suf fering; the decrease and often the elimination of the power of witch, craft, a farm of oppression exceed ingly ge; eral and crrl; the over throw of lnter-tribal slavery; the development of friendly relations among tribes formerly hostile; the extension of the economic bene fits of the country to all the tribes, and the opening ot the doors of civilization to those who were foi merly limited to the narrow compass of their tribes." Admitting that the extension ot commercial, Industrial and even governmental influences sometimes have too often been attended with suffering on the part of the native people, the report continues: "The early periods of adjustment to the rew forces are especially trying: But in the long run one of the best measures of the final influence of the white group upon the native peoples Is the Increase or decrease of population. So long as there are no records of the feelings of the native masses we must rely upon the vital measure that reflects the con dition of the majority of the group, namely, the power of the group to maintain life. On this basin, the statistics of most of the coloni show a deMed Increase in popula tion and .therefore, an improvement In gnencral welfaie.''