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Missionary record. (Charleston, S.C.) 1868-1879, July 05, 1873, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025781/1873-07-05/ed-1/seq-1/

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Devoted Ta ?Mstiaa Srac?, literature, Arts, ^citn
Therefore All T?iings 'Whateoever Ye - Would That Men Should Do To You, Do Ye Even So To Them?,-Bmmanael,
VOT,. G. ISO 8
&2 per annum In advance
Ki)!T? HI ? Viii mil KT(>11 ?
>>.-. ? All eonmiuiiieations should ho
w ri11? :?, c ir-'Hiliv in a plain readable
lia M!. Tin' editors cannot assume to re
\vi*;ie ar; i eos, sent lo tue paper.
The Iv I i tors do not return, nor pre
S'-J V;- the nmnuseripts whieh chev are tin
:i?>!e to ou Wish, ami all e<?mmunieat'ions
unist hear ll ie.real name of the writer; fur
I lu? Kdliors use, whatever non de plume
1 li ev may iissumc\
Terms of Subscripto! ii two
Dollars a Year in advance.
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.Ml- .'nivertisyments e:i<h. Business ?utv<*r
i>- tiiOM?s ceiuS|>er ! hie euch insert?'.?i?.
These ?<;V:J:S uro s? riet Ty adhered to. except by
C HARLESTON S. C ; J ULV ? j sj:]
ON Ei>l:0ATI<;N.
'i no subplot uf education is only second
in importance Lo thai ot iiodiiikess, ultu -I?>
members <>i inc despisedraee, so loug shut
ea: fr.?m the benign and ennobling iiiflu
?r?vos ut H reline J culture, we ough : io have
:i deeper sen e o' tts neeo*tty io us .-ind our
iili|^;,[iw? ri? those depon lour upon u- for
its aeo n Wi*iou, than ii i> possible for those
to have who are members uf the mest favo
red chis ? <?f mankind.
The history ot our fallers will show
that iu the days vyhen dark in *s brooded
over our race tad lian.; us a m:^htv r? ii I
uf>fm the very sp .r?t and asp ranon ot: those
ear lier tiniest they Were not un mi nd fu l that
education Wa? a pv iee less Lroon. to be reoair
ed ut the risk of kio in the waning hours o?'
ni:;-;;-by iavj ii ir ht ed pine knot torch, on
the avine, e.?bers, OM iii J mansions h earth
st*).i?\ anti i? tts iiuportaiice was taus reeog
niz ? hy our fathers, and t e intensity o?'
heir thir>t for knoWiediro m atv decree
* eeo :r.oismiued to us, what then i- our
dure ia th i work, -ot* eduear iou?
Wo are areouut.tble beings aad each one
i< r.-so maible io: ths-?surv of the t?lea s
1 v
out rus'ed to his keeping by the Master o?'
us al!; ;;iid LU the Work ol education we owe
a d ey first to ourselves, and secondly to
t tiOSe around us. 1
It is en cumbo it u&un us, that we should
, ..Mea one for rnmselij do ail in our power
to cultivate oar own ??tcliect?. to look upon
and stadv the great work o? education as
both a science and an art. That is to say
on tao one huud we should Hi vestiente as
tar us human reason can. i The deep tilings
of God/? VVe should ruminate IJI the won
ders lie has made, and as ministers of the
Oospel of Je^s Christ, we should know ali
that is useful and good.' and should be
t??oro?irhiy establlslied ia every ^ood word
and work, and for the reason that our call
ing is more varied and difficult in its appli
eat ion than aay other in the WorL.
This getting", and being stored with use
fa! knowledge, this studying all useful
b? ^.especially die Book o?' all books
the B b;-\ and those bo. ks lard dowu for
tiie guide of candidates for, and the more
mature student ia this ministry, in our book
of discipline, is w nat we mean by studying
edueat iou as a seieuc \
i >.> the other hand, as an art, we advise
that every mun should strive to possess him
>eif with the happy faeuky of applying this
knowledge ?o me work of the ministry, in
oilier v/wids. we need working me? rather
than intellieeMial mon-mitn wji(J h^viiv^
j been funneled wi * h knowledge, will give
! the people the benefit of it. not only in ser
inions and lectures, but in buildi ig up the
; waste places of Zion both spiritually and
i temora'Iv-men who have ideas above and
will labor for else than thc " loaves and
fishes n supposed to be contained in this
j Gospel of Christ-men. good--men who will
j seek to infuse light and life and Christian
j culture into their people wherever they go.
railier thrill be seeking after the G olden
I Fleece ' of Argonautic fame.
This then is the duty in education, fir^t
j to prepare, second to make good usc ol'our
preparation. Our connection ! laving an
eye to this great necessity, has established
j for the formation of these objects.
This institution appeals to us to day, in
the first place because it is ours; it is the
child of our own creation, ai id if we forsake
our own, the world may well call in question
the existaneeof any paternal feeling in us.
lt appeals to'our sympathy tor money,
in thc second place, because it is in grntt
,W of finnis. S:??,0??j)? annually is less
than any college in America or Europe*
} could live on, of tho same grade os our own
Wi beribive I niyersitv, and yet our In
I st i ? ut ion has Been com [jelled to exist, we
] dare noe say live, oil a sum muco 'less than
j this, and utterly inadequate to its demands.
Another reason still comes why we should
s tn ii* ?rt W?be*?bm^ 'ri^that steamier :are
iii. ' ^ ^ _ _
I becoming more interested iii the Wehiare
? o?'the instit inion and consequently of us.
I than we a iv ourselves.
I Latch*the I mited fetales Government aran?
? ed us ?25,- 00,00 and still more recently, the
j lau* j Lai Salmon P. (."hase.
I 'Jo Of con'?n tied. ^
I rm: Derril OF UMK OCEAJS.
The ocean is not a bottomless deep,;x
I except to the poets and to young ladies,
neither of whom are familiar willi the mod
ern improvements in taking soundings. Not
j only have skilful seamen known h#w to
j reach the bottom and fetch parts of it lt])
j to tlie top from great depths, but mathema
i tieiaas have ?riven themselves the trouble to
? calculate theoretically its average depth.
! ?aiion gave this at 21'.) fa'homs. or 144.0
j feet ; Laca i ile gives tiona 2 7 H fathoms ;
j Laplace, erroneously estimating the mean
j elevation of the land at o2S0 feet-three
j times the height now allowed by physical
geographers-thought the waters of thc sea*
must be of about equal depth.* Young as
signed a depth of 27?>5 lathoins to the
Atlantic, and about ;>800 fathoms to the
? great South Sea. According to this esti
! mate, other mathematicians adel, the Pacific
I must be at its deepest point fifteen and a
i half miles in depth, which is scarcely proba
: ble But though little is known of t!:e
j greatest depths of the oceans, we do know
j'that their bottoms are of unequal depth,
I and that they contain mo LUI tains as well as
vast rolling plains; and 31r. Reclus takes
advantage of such soundings as bsve been
made to illustratnite in a striking manner
j the in?i|uaities of the bottom. ' If. he* re
l marks, the waters of the Mediterranean
were sudden 1 v lowered about 110 tat horns,
it would be divided into three distinct sheets
of water ; Italy would be joined to Sicily,
Sicily would be united by an isthmus to
Africa, the i>,nuanciles and the Bosphowis
would be dosed, but the outlet of GilbraJtar
j would remain in free communication with
j the Atlantic Ocean., if the level were
I lowered by about 550 fathoms, the ??geau,
the EuxiuG, and tlie Adriatic would wholly
disappear, or omy leave in their beets unim
portant pools; the remainder of the M edit
! erraiiean would be devid?d into several seas*
I like the Caspian, either isolated, or eouiniu
i ni?ating with each other by narrow chan
! nels, and the terminal promontory of Europe
j would be joined by the isthmus of Gibraltar
I to the mount nus of Africa A depression 0
of about Hot) fathoms would leave nothing
but three inland lakes ; - to the west, a trian
guiar basin occupying the ceutre of the
j depression, bet weeli"France and Algeria;
? iu the middle a long cavity extending from.
j Crete to Sicily ; and eastward, a hollow
j lying m frost Of the Egyptian coast. The
^?greatest deptn of the Mediterranean, ex
j ceediug 2200 fathoms, lies to the north ci'
1 the SyrieSj iUmost HI the georuetrieal centre
ot the basin.-Harpers Aiagazim*.
Eating Without an Appetite.
Ii is wrong to cat without and appetite, for
it shows there is no gastric juice in thesttfm
adi, and that nature does not need, and not
needing it, there being no fluid to receive
and act upon it. it remains there only to pu
tri iy. tlie very though of which should be
sufficient to deter an y man from eating with
out au appetite it is a mistaken course, for
irs only result is to cause one to eat more;
when already an amount lias been eaten bc
youd what the gastric juice is able to prc
Tho object to be obdamcd is a largeer sup
piy of gastric juice, not a large supply ot
food; and whatever fails to h : ve any eifici
er.ey toward the care of dyopeptfe diseases.
The format ioq of gastric juice is directly
proportioned to the wear and tear o? th .
system which is to be the means of supply
ing, and this wear and tear can only bethe
result of exercise. The (Efficient remedy for
dyspepsia is work-out doa* work-benefi
cial .tod successful in direct pioportiou as
it is agreeable, interesting and profitable.
[fairs JoftnuU cf UH a I th m
We admire punctuality, and we can have
but little patience with those persons wh<
are so regardless of it, even in little things
as to continually break their word, under the
impression that "lt is of no consequence, i
will all be understood, and amount t) the
same thing in the end.;' as many often say j
to excuse their everlasting habit ofbei ag false
to their word. There are some people-wini
seldom or never do as they promise: Thev
habituate themselves to promise am"thing and
everything without ti?e least thought of ful
fillment We could nam? some persons ol
t his sort, who in other respects are worth)
people: but they can not commend confidence
because their word is not regarded \V-e can
mention young men of .promise who are eo:
slant ly'iosi??g ground -w*th their acquaintan
ces, solely By beiiig ina fctentiya to their obi
g?tions ??nd promises in little tilings. Amar
will soon ru u him, self in this war. in all bu
lu iss ora:is. .c ions in all intercourse wit!
fiivud-, in ail engagements, let all do exact lj
as they sa v-be punctual at the minute. Thai
is the way to make other people so, and tu
make them trust us
There is no science in their pretensions
to which nia a kind are mire apt to com
! mit grevions mistakes, than in the sup
posed very obvious one of-physiognomy.
1 quarrel t.ot with the principies o? thi?
science, as they are laid down by the
learned professors; much less am 1 dis
j po&d, with some people, to deny its exis
i te nee altogether as au inlet of knowledge
: that can be depended upon. I believe
that there is, or may be, au art to -'read
j the intnd's construction in the face.'.1 But
then, in every species of reading, so much
depends upon the eyes-*of the reader; if
they! are blear, or apt to dazzie, or mat
tentive, or strained with too much atten
tion, the optic power will infallibly bring
home false reports of what it reads- How
often do wre say, upon a cursory glance at
a stranger, what a fine, open*countenance
he has, who, upon second inspection,
proVcsHo have the exact features of a
knaqe. Nay, on much more intimate
ocqiKii n tance, how a delusion of this kind
sli d! continue for months, years, and
then break up all at once.
Ask the married man, wlio has been
so but for a short space of time, if those
blue eyes, where, during so many years of
anxious courtship, trujh; sweetness, sere
nitv, seemed to be Witten in eharaters
which cou kl not be misunderstood-ask
him if the characters '-which they now
convey be exactly the samc$ if for truth
he does not read a duli .virtue ((he mimic
of constancy), which changes not, only
because it wants the judgment to make a
preference; if for sweetness lie does not
read animal tranquility, the dead pool of
the heart, which no breeze of passion can
stir into health? Alas! what is this book
of the countenance good for, which, wfcen
wv?iave read so lon?:, and thought that
we understood \ts contents, gives its a
countless list of heart b eakins errata at
the end-Charles Low h.
Mv friends, if there is anv man whom,
from the bottom of my heart, I pity, It is
the man who believes that all mankind
are cheats and swindler, aiid who considers
life merely a game of grasping and gri
ping. If there is any young man for
whom I feel a deep regret, as for a man
suri to fail, sure to live and die wretched
j ly, & is the vounj, maa who goes fov?i
intoj,th? world, believing that the only
motives in^this world aro selfish ?motives.
D?pend up?? it, that selfishness is not
the jpnly motive imtnis world-nav, % is
not leven the strongest motive.-Pfesuleni
Andre ic D. Wit* f<\ t
i '
THAT is a spurious goo <lnes3Avhich
good for the stj^e of the reward. The
chiifl that speaks the tn^h for ^ie sake of
the praise of truth Ls not .fruthfuL The
maa who is honest because honesty is the
be<H ?>p?i?y l?as not integrity ia hi.? h?art.
He'who?ndeav?rs io be humbly. $nd hojy
an| perfeet, tm order to win heaven, has
01ik. ? ?o?n^rfeit irelipon.^Go^^ibx^
o\m sa??, goodness oecause it is good,
truth because it is lovely-this is the
Christian's aim. The prize is only an
incentive, inseparable from success, but
not the aim itself.-F.. W. liolertson.
THE grand evils which menace the peer
j51e of America now are not to be found in
ene conuptious of municipal or national
rule. The reign of the rings is broken, or
tottering to its foll, and vile men are hast
ening to relieve themselves o?. the odium
which attaches to it. Even l hose who seek
to form new combinations for personal pow
er sad profit Jmd it uphill, work, and fail to
make their hftrigucs fruitful. The wrong
which no^ront us, and wait with despera
tionj or tr?Sb?irtg io be rigVed, are "connee
tedi wi th tee great Railroad corporations
amt their?ieombiuatio% and J^oaopulies.
The people by .whose consent, and tor whose
benefit, these railroad, vv*eie built-railroad
to which have been dt#$$ed enrgg^tfisareas
of public lands and stupendons^trcrogatives
and privileges-are determined io lin ve
something to say abone their niau igemeiit,
and deteruii ued .that^la^rx^f^^^hai? b *
curtailed Tue ??>rp#atior>*^ wluch have
built them and *rt^ a^u^isterfhg -"their
aifairs are man i puk ting or controlling leg
islatures, and superfluously e inching ?ll
connected with them,{while tae armer can
not get a paying return for his wheat at his
doos, and the cjnsuuier buys his bread at:an
exorbitant price. Thefig&t of the pe ople
widi these monstrous powers is begun,
and is to be 1113 great tight of the next t.ven
ty yews. The issue is not doubtful, though
it aiay be long delayed. Little Vermont
fiuds to her surpise I hat she has been impo
sed upon, and havens to d ) her people jus
tice; and it is safe to predict that in five
years the railroad kings, and the overbear
ing monopolies, and the cor po ?tions which
run railroads for the benefit ol' their maua
i gor?, will be s J thoroughly 4 iuvesti^a ed''
j that they will lind it fm* tueir interest to
conduct ?hoir operations with a degree ol'
deferential reference to ilie interest or the
people whom they have cheated* and op
It seems to us thal there is at this time
a very healthy public sentiment. No public
iniquity lives without protest. No wrong
doer sits easy aud unconcerned in his place
Th> old apithy under wrong and misrule is
j passed away. The od elements in society
j aud politics aro fall o. hope and courage;
j and we believe it to be useeptioie of proof
! that uo European country is less dominated
j by corrupt* m eu th II ours, or m ?re willing
; aud efficient in the demolition of all forms
j of wrong. If there is an apparent difference
i agunst us, it is simply because we advertise
! our sins more widely than our sister nations
lin order that the people may take inteli^enc
j action against them.-rl)r. t\ 6r. Uoftn/id,
I Scribner $fi*r Juli/
Since thc advent into Fjouisianna of Sen
ator Mutt. li. Carpenter, we observe symp
toms ol'a movement having for its endsand
objects the formation of a new .party The
basis of'his organization, at this time, is
rather vague! Iis beginning is heralded by
"Roundabout" of the Time in a supposed
interview with a prominent colored and
ff bite man. Taking it from his standpoint
of view, and from his trving to write down
one class of colored men. and fraternizing
>vith another, his plan ison?y tikflrvide the
-colored voters, j^o?- .make su^jj$e,leQfcions
from them asare not obnoxious^ ul-behave4
troublesome, or "pestiferous ' &his kind of
politicians. 8 >
Now it may be that the ti inf *fys arrived
when a political union of the tVo races in j
this State can bcveUfisuimnated, but we*!
must b.^a38ow ii to state oar gppans why
?re ?io uot believe it will succeed at this
First We are satisfied th irt^Pj attempt,
as 4>r,?p ^sed hy -'Rounda&O?t^^??^fe T?*i
for oue element of the co?orW ^jfeopl?rpj|?
depreciate the rem itcwkr WrU HBfciy*: JiMt
with disaster and d feat. h- f-J ' ^
It wiif be impossible for AirtHfe^myfeth
er manaor party c# their/of ei^^?olor?r
political creed to limit? this' Si9Mfi^it'-to
auy select crrete or class^feit???? Hfetor* To
greater aroa than even New '"wwR?f W'irs
little coterie. Neither can it be maniduia
ted or controlled by those who have bat
little experience in such great and impor
tant matters.
Second This movemegt must include
the who.'e State and uot s'inpiy New Orleans
True, there if might start, but it must'not
be confined to its limits nor to its ceoizens
alone. The whola State'must be included
aud the people-nor fifty-aius?; be consul
We see it stated that a .committee of fif
ty (whitey citizens propose to meet fifty co
lored citizens, and together, propose some
pian for a political union
Now it strikes as that this is a curious
way to start this movement Where will the
fifty white citizens derive any author itv to i
art for so large a voting populado i as is in |
Louisiana? Again. How will fifty white
citizens pave the way for the fifty colored
citizens to meet with them? We heard
whi st we were in New O rica us lately, that
certa ii: prominent white gentlemen were
about to give a spfcndid dinner at .Vi?reau s
to someeeruun colored gentlemen of acer
I tain persuasion. At this dinner the matter
? woiihl be broached, and steps taken to put
the plans into execution. Again we iiave
been informed personally by certain white
gen? icm m in Xew Orleaiu, thar, there will
be an ope? recognition of our civil rights
accorded to us That we ?viii have access to
ail places of amusement, cafes, theatres,
steamboats, soloonsj public houses and in
fact every civil T?glvt windi ts now enjoyed
by the G ia eas lian.s This is the written,
public pian nf the authors of thc ucw party.
What the unwritten and secret part of the
programme is, ruts not yet been dcvelop&l, |
but we w mu? here remark that in our opin
ion neither the dinner not; the acknowledge
ment, ofour civil rights will be accepted by
tiie colored men, unless it be in the full let
ter ?nd spirit nf the law, a?d untrammell
ed with any degrading contingencies. For
inst.mee, of the cofo?? 1 man is asked to ig
no.v au i Form o ;b uatbusagainst men born
in the North, to curse and revile some of
his own race to u*o for certa iu me ,* and mea
au res, to havj held up to him t ie ackuowl
edgeai mc of his vii rights only rf he wi!1
give up Ins adhesion to Republic i ism and
its pr inciples, and follow blindly the course
of his uew allies, without hesitation or full
enquiry. No, if civil rights is be accord
ed to thi colored men of Louis ian r, let it to
them as free ts the air ot i eav?u untram
melled as the * rab ste ;d "upon his native
desert, and wi h the fui'est acknowledge
ment of the Constitutional Amendments,
striking dow j aa<i ignoring a 1 disti jetions
on account of race, color, or previous condt
:i rn, Haswell acknowledgement should be
feed tfpon aud enliglitenend sense nf jus- j I
.ice, patriotism, and love of humanity and ? a
not for the sole purpose of party pdicy. ja
? will be pet*teeUy useie?3 for our ;J>?mo- t
eratic. Fusion, ur Liberal friends to under- c
tak:auy intriguing in th's matter Every- t
diing mus?, bo dear to the most careless ob
server. There are several rocks ou which tha
new party ship wi'l undoubledly prccipkate
itself upon. Fairly speaking. Democracy
depends a good deal upou latitude for its
degree. Ic olten agrees to try all plaus be
fore il does the only safe one,and generally
goes through the whole catalogue of blund
ers Jtiefore it will accept the only feasible and
reasonable method of setting a difficult pro
blem. We have observed lately that thera
ia a contemplation of fl ittering one portion
ot the colored people, and an evident in ten
tiou of gottiug alon? with them only in the*
nw rsrrtypra^^
the pre?s iuuirviewers, orat?sw, -fee, speak
in- in thei hi^heff terms Qi ^u^gfaft*
they have designs, and using fte most coarse,
.md repu.sive e$*(^f ^7%^ portions of
thc same, who^ft^^^4o%ose t > ignore
This loot* more lik?dU'iding the ctlored
Deople thanmakingapolitc.il lunion. ?ueii
pians wil* never succeed. Seither one par
ty act for ?ll There must fe \ a ftir, open
un4etmq$lin^ e^Qkrtiy to tba^?e^fthe
colored m^/?^^^^k'^v(ieri \yV\ h ive
-?"t Pr$i 1 VjH0^ ff?l mc? nor will
tire ta^?/fnfe ?eleeifed\ e<pi\*? the senti
Ae?te oP?k&fr rsk?'1 Lef the wl?te nun .S?
iim?mm represeat*tive*, aad the e<dore<i
ii^^Uuiirs,j^4^eja ihe sea^imet?^aad
?pini?us of each will ^ the wetter ^rnved
at anet expressed/ Let snek a s^mi' pre
dom inate h<*t?&ijf*9\q uar?fe, 4 trify,.cor ?
if union can be ofeted. f4*ee it upon a
more secu e basis than for |>axty policy, or
by producing Ou. !*?S <A people aga?nsu
the orher, or appealing toan$ diss by din
ners, or acknowledgements of rights upou
contingencies. All the ceinred people of thU
country ask for is a fair chadee in the race^f
life, a fair imparti d administration of wis?
and equitable fciw^ a full and unrestricted
enjoyment of their religious.edueatrmial an J.
politiealiemi ri?hU When these arc at
tained', it matter not how, peace, nrosj&urity,
and harmony will prevail, where &ow it is:
conhinou, strife, and fialmo.it chaos.
Jud<re Hunt i?4 Iiis decision against Mis.*
Anthon vT\s riirht to vote, has set at rest th *
f olish claim of these crazy women who claim
the right to vote under the I Ith Amendai JUG
The Judge very properly decided that tho
State and not the United States has th?
power to decide who are voters. After re
hearsing the power con ferrexl by the 1 Uh A
m intiment the Judge says:
The righto ot citizens of the States as
such are not under c msiderat ion ia the 14th
Amendment. They stand as before theadop
tion of the 14th Amendment, and are fully
guaranteed by other providions.
The right of privilege of voting i* a rljht
orpt'ic?ttg (irtsiit'j'uii'ler th\ Co?i$f?t'tt?<jri
of the SU e and not of the ll. S. if the
right belongs to any particu at persons, it is
becaus ; suc^>eJ?fcus is entitled to it . as a
citizen of the State w^ere he offers to exer
cise it and not because of citbmsnrp of the U
S. If the State of Sew York should provide
that nj perron should vote until he had
reached the age of 31 years or after he h id
reached the age o?f)0 or that no person hav
ng gray hair, or wp had nor. the possession
if all his limbs, shofld be entitle I to vote ?
io not see how it could be held to be a vb.
latiuHofany rightderived or held u der th
LWtitutioii of th? U S. He might say that
mch regulations were unjust, tyr?iauieal; un
it for the re:tu?Hti ?n o?an l?telfig?Mt State;
)ut if rights of a citizen are thereby violated
hey are ofthat fundamental Cias.4 % derived
rom hts position as a ci two of the State
md not tho.se limited rights belonging to
lim as a citizen of the United S ates, and
men was the decision in Corfield vs, Carrye*!,
f the Legislature et New York shon d re
piire. a higher (piilifiettioa in a voter for a
.iepresmtative in Congress than is require i
br a voter for a member of the Assembly,
his would, ? conceive, be a violation of a
ight Ix?ongtng to one as citizen of the Uni
ed States. That right is in relation to a
?ederal suojeet or interest, and can bi guar
nte d hythe Federal (Jsnsti^u'im. The tn
bility of a Slate to abridge the right ofvo
ing ot?account of a race, e>b>r or previous
ondit ion ol servitude is a Federal gaarau

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