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The Afro-American citizen. (Charleston, S.C.) 1899-1902, January 17, 1900, Image 1

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(In Afr?-American Newspapers
1898-1901, no.69u.~-)
Devoted to the Interest of -the Republic M Dedicated Most Especially to the Struggling lut Biting Afro-Americans.
CHARIffTON.S. C., JANUARY 17, 1900.
NO. 38.
; Between Germany And
perica Settled.
;n? Tired of the Seizure of
chips and Merchandise as
{e.-The correspondent
. i l*ress interviewed the
- Ambassador, Mr. An?
about the present sta
-fiaticns between Germany
. : States. Mr. Waite
..... question between the
- ad Germany, the insur
. ; minor matters have
mettled. The main ques
r main are the commer
... : the proper inspection
ta ats. The former will
:dered at Washington.
. tsi depend upon the ac
?stag. Though the
siows bitter hostility
n ol' th? present ar
; i oppresive to American
- -i '[)>. \ that the proposal
ai McKinley's message
TH of a special com
accepted. There is no
?verament, apart from
.. wau id be heartily glad
. : fair settlement."
thc government's com
te it during the debate
-al of political officials
si the (-anal bill is con
ni great importance to
lies as it shows the Con
. ll intend to bitterly op
ror, especially on the
: ! which does not please
s. ra spite of the fact that
enormous improvement
Th" Eastern provinces of
s of German steamers by
-hips have had the effect of
DI- and generalizing anti
! . nient in Germany.
r Buelow's speech at the
. Ck* the Hamburg- Vm eric nu
: amer Deutchland. especially
ms of friendship he devoted to
fited States, is much commented
German press and with few
H.- approvingly.
??a h .s now begun apointing fe
y inspectors. The budget
is a] propitiations for their sal
: marks each.
nrred recently in Vilbel,
fort, in the presence of
:;.]?.. of a newly invented
ess . ft noiseless powder. The
\ r. turned out rather unsat
! to f!
?Jj t>-,
&BB :
sr thc
Bri? /
evil]? :..
3 K-VT
liso re?
Efe m ;
?d in
I i- inti
Rei? h
? ondent of the Associated
from an official source
has addressed a second
peat Britain, urgently re
r lease of the German
it. rath, and expressing
at the undue delay. The
demands guarantees from
;. against a recurrence of
wrongful and aggress
n of a combattants right
tests Great Britain to de
ming of contraband in a
ptable to the nations not
? ho war.
liation about the seizures
tin ed the coming Friday ?
News Notes.
sational testimony, marked the
proee dings in the'Clark bribery
?gation. Several of the Senators
wen- produced.
Hou* of Delegates of the St. !
'Municipal Assembly barred from \
ion citizens who came to pro
saist a failure to properly light
' :.' and Henry Kaiser, who i
peen convicted of the murder cf '
E. Brown, and eight times re-' !
?*hen about to be hanged, were I
' ;.'c! o:> City, Mo., hav-j
":- >% r o lie innocent of the j
Rasdall w year was celebrat
ionis of the Greek church in
. l0* > of Governor Taylor, of
against the committee
T<> hear the contest for his
JC? overruled hy the committee.
yachtsmen were poisoned by
..vv : :> . eora on a cruise off At
"> N. J., and two are in a crit
Hi^^^ion of Governor Smith,
"friand, was presented to the
pw it gave rise to considerable
op on the question of a need of
:: system for the filling of va
pfal Wheaton's troops now occu
~" . province of Cavite.
difficulty Settled.
^Domingo ?via Hayden Callie.
' tffficnlty between France and
Domiagu has beon satisf actor i
arrangei through tue French ad
ana the officials of the govera
fic'am !aiter via PTuablv issue a
i ?tri on fcaaWns the public for
*Wr foe]lnSs and declaring at
Ito *me lhat thore wa3 no iQten"
W d Fraace in tfc? Patriotic
tenons, or to molest its repre
Ca'ly Doings of Our General As
First Day.-It was promptly at 12 o'
clock that the Senate was called to c r
oer and the roll was call Hi bv the
clerk, Gen. R. R Hcmpnill. Th?' ab
sentees were Messrs Bowen. Dean,
Dennis. Iiderton, Maui?ln, Rr.gsdale,
Waiker, Wallace and WiU-itus.
The chaplain, Rev. G. H. Waddell,
opened the session with prayer, thank
ing God for the blessings of the year
and invoking divine guidance upon the
work of the body.
The two new Senators were escorted
to the bar of the Senate by Sergeant
at-Arms Gaston, and they were sworn
Senator Appelt introduced his bill
providing for the submission to the
people of a vote upon the question of
dispensary, prohibition or high license.
The Senate, on motion of Senator
Henderson, then adjourned.
Second Day-The Senate was called
to order at noon by Lieut. Gov. Scar
borough, and the evening prayer was
made by Chaplain Waddell. Senator
Graydon introduced a bill to authorize
an election in the city cf Abbeville up
on the question of issuing bonds in aid
of the Black Diamond railroad and to
provide for the issuance of the bonds.
Senator Livingston, to authorize the
sinking fund commission to loan mon
ey to the county of Marlboro and to
pledge a special tax in payment o? the
loan. Referred to committee on fin
ance. The concurrent resolution from
the House providing for an investiga
tion of the dispensary was referred to
the judiciary committee. Mr. Caugh
; man's House bill to amend the jim
crow car law was recommitted to the
committee on railroads, which had re
ported the bill without recommenda
! tion at the last session. Senator Al
i drich's resolution to investigate the
j ?ispensary was referred to the judic
I i arv committee.
! Third Day.-The Senaie's session
: was short and itneventful. About an
j hour was devoted to the introduction
: >f new bills, cf which there were 10,
j ir..i to tile considera tion of the calen
: lar. A number of bills of minor im
j pcrtance passed second reading.
? Fourth Day.-Among the hills intro
; duced were the following: .Mr. Con
: nor-To provide for the sale or lease
i of the penitentiary farms.
I The Senate agreed to the house reso
lutions providing for a special joint
committee to consider the plan to
! drain the low lands. The committee
j on agriculture wa- relieved of further
:-onsidcr?tion of the matter. Unfavor
i able reports were adopted on the fol
; lowing bills which were thereby killed:
i Maying stenographers' notes of trials
. final and conclusive evidence of wha?
j was sworn and chargea' and a bil!
: amending county government law in
: reference to road? and highways. XTn
j favorable reports were made on Sena
tor Graydon's bill to provide a uniform
j system of registry, ami his bill relating
j Lo service of summonses of magistrates.
! These two bills were placed on the
j calendar.
j On .Mr. Gonion's motion, the enact
ing words were stricken out of Mr.
i Stevenson's House resolution to make
j it a misdemeanor to swear falsely or
j commit fraud in a primary election,
j The same disposition was mad" of
Mr. Mower's bill relating to municipal
J elections.
: The following bills pa-sed the sec
! ord reading: Mr. Blakeley's bill to
g?ive landlords and tenants liens
' against the shares cf laborers and
! croppers after division of crops for
? advances was recommitted to the ju
! diciary committee. Mr. BarnwelTs bili
I to amend an act approved 11th Febru
j ary, A. D. 1S08. and entitled "An act to
amend an act entitled 'An act to eui
! power the Walpoo Bridge Comparer to
! construct a bridge across Wappoo
j cut,* " approved February 11th. A. D.
i 1897. was passed over in his absence.
! Mr. Barnwell'* bill to further amend
I chapter XCIV., article i. of the Revised
, statutes of South Carolina, volume I..
1893. relating to jury commissioners, as
now amended by law. was passed to a
third reading. The Senate, having
disposed of the calendar, adjourned
until noon.
On Tuesday next at 5 o'clock p. m.,
the judioary committee of the Senate
will consider a bili in relation to rein
surance and the transaction of business
by fire insurance companies or asso
ciations otherwise than through resi- ;
de.Dt agents, and a bill regulating ,
pawnbrokers and providing a license i
therefor. Parties interested in these
measures can appear before the com
Fifth Day-The Senate convened
promptly at noon. Lieut. Gov. Scar- j
borough in the chair. The usual j
prayer was offered by th? chaplain. :
Several new hills were offered as^fol
lows: Se a a ter W. A. Brown-To re-j
quire parents or guardians to compel'
their children to attend school for
eight weeks in the year. Referred to
committee on education.
Senior McDermott-To amend
county government law so as to in- i
elude Horry among counties wherein i
townships assessors are appointed by ?
the auditor. .
Senator Henderson-To further pro
tect waterworks, sewers and d'rajns of :
cit:?? ard towns. i
Senator Henderson-Granting to the
Fnite? States the title of this State
and the jurisdiction ct* rh's State over
certain lands on Sullivan's island il?
Charleston county for military pur
Senator Stanland-To alter salaries
of Dorchester county officials. -
Senator Talbird-To amend the act
prescribing the compensation of the
clerk of court for Beaufort so as to re
duce the compensation.
Senator Marshall-To prevent chil
dren under 12 years of age from work
ing The judiciary committee made a
favorable report on Senator Stan
land's bill to amend the law providing
for the appointment of magistrates so
far as it relates to Dorchester county.
The same committee made an unfa
vorable report on Senator Mower's
bill relating to the granting of par
dons. Th? report was adopted and
the bill rejected. A favorable report
was made on Senator. Hay'e bill to;
amend the law as to county treasT
compensation so far as it* relates?
Kershaw county. The report as
adopted with araren d men ts. The fi
able report with amendments on m
tor Gru ber's bill to require clerk Jd
registers to satisfy records of cjn
mortgages of real estate was ad Jd.
The same committee submitted fa
vorable report with ameadmeJ?
Senator Graydon's resolution ie
quire the attorney general to liti
gate the Virginia-Carolina Chica 1
company. The report was a dori A
favorable report was made cn Jbil?
in reference to the judgment of fcis
trates. Messages were receivefom
the governor transmitting the ?rts
of the adjutant general and thia te
librarian. The rouse resolution re
gard to the election cf officersfcng
this session was referred to tlom
mittee on privileges and ?lectif Mr. i
Sawyer's house bill to valida the
grand jury of Union county wai s sed j
and ordered enrolled for ra.tltion. j
On motion cf Senator Graydf Mr. j
Suber's bill to amend the sci law j
i by adding a provision pitting j
teachers being members cf bps of |
trustees was recommitted to fcom- i
j mittee on education in order J: the j
superintendent of education mt be j
] heard thtrecn. Stnator wreirs j
bill to amend the statutes ring co 1
jury commissioners was giver! third j
reading and passed, lt. is J lo.-al ;
measure of bittiest to Charl?. Tnt;
only second reading bil iidered j
was Senator Waller's bill amend :
title XI. chapter XXXVI, jci:
statutes of 1S93. and fixing
of a bushtl of bolttd corn
pounds. At this paint a
taken until 12:45 in order
commuters to hold ssssicrJ
When the Senate r? con ve J a reso
lution was passe:! in vi tings ho?se
to a joint i ss icu at 1 o'clcflD ratify
acts. The invitatcn was aied. and
the house cam? to the Ssnphamjsr
at the hour stated, when [fill vali
dating the Union county jtjfras rati
The Senate then ad jour j
First Day.-The Housel Repre
sentatives assembled at nj Col. T.
C. Hamer, the clerk, calle* roll and
114 of the 124 Representas respon- ;
ded. Several of the abstf came in j
The proceedings of thouse were ;
opened with pray r by . chaplain,
? Rev. J. C. Abney.
Hon. Frank li. GaryiAbbeville. j
the speaker, then ad dre J the mem- !
j bers of the House, conflating the
body upon the conditiepcisting in !
the State. j
The following new hwere intro- '
duced :
Mr. Mehrtens- A bil-amend the ;
act relating to jurv co?sioners.
Mr. Wharton-A hil]extend the !
time for payment of tain til .March ;
ist. i ;
Mr. Jeremiah Sir.ith-jlll to amend ! ,
the county government as far as I I
samp relates to terms flinty super
Mr. Means-A 1)111 #ulate game
and hunting.
Mr. Gadsden prese::! bill to re
fund lost or destroaante-bellum
coupon bonds to ih#? corporation '
known a> the State flete.
Mr. Bacot-A bill
lating to recording
ments. dowagers, et
The House then
Second Bay.-A
was accomplished by
resentatives. The
14 pages, each page
lend act re
riage settle
t?eal of work
louse of Rep
Jar numbers
?in?ng tiie ti
tles of eight bil?s oriiverage. The
: House took up the ?Jar systemat
ically and worked t#h the first 10
j pages.
The following 4 introduced:
West, to amend pe J laws so as to
include the maimi'respective of
age; E. B. RagsdalJimit the num
, ber of acres of lan Joh an alien or
a corporation conti?by aliens may
i own in this StateJot- relating to
the transportation fad bedifs; La
. ban?Mauldin. to arila w relating ro
working convicts ?"ivate farms;
C. E. Robinson, rig to examina
tion of teachers f of fica tes; Bi ease,
to require one disfcsted witness to
? bills of sale and tjtgages: also, to
; amend constitutif as to place in
State treasury fcrfral purposes the
State's pro rata- pi dispensary pro
; fits: W. J. .lohnsP make rates of
| railroad transpopu 2 and 3
cents: Richards,^empt graduates
of South CaroMnafical college from
examination for |e: Rogers, to au
thorize building few jail in Marl
Third Day.-f^use of represea
tat i ves worked ? A number ot
new bills wefftroduced. among
them Mr. W. Jjfson's to prohibit
sts in this State,
n's providing for
a Confederate
mauga. Mr. En
an i m ou si y electe?
i *
; I
i (
i J
I :
? r
! 1
? ?
i t
I ?
I *
i a
the formation
and Mr. Harv
an appropri?t
monument at
gene B. Gary
to succeed hi
of the State
Biease's prcpo
constitution t
of representa
associate justice
.erne court. Mr. '?
mendment to the |
e length of terms }
four years was ? f,
killed." Mr. wfohnson introduced J r
a bill to prevents, etc.. from be- j J.
ing formed anp^ed in this State. ? j.
Quite a numb!hills passed third,'
reading and wpt to the Senate, ? i}
Fourth Dayfnf,e passed Senator j
Gruber's bilip'idin? f?r county j ti
courts, after i thirty counties had
been exempt?1*- -'loS5 introduced a
a bill providf1* tw0 additional ju- j
dacia! eircui? . hinkler intrcduc- ; o
ed his bill dS(I to reconstruct the j
dispensary l^Ir- EPPS introduced j -A
an anti-ciga^iii and Mr. Steven
son a measU{Pr*vent children un
der 12 from [?g in manufacturing
establishmeif he first bill discuss
ed was Mr.Flers? t0 Provide for
round-trip tl 00 railroads and at
reduced ratf r- Gadsden moved to
strike out.Enacting words. Mr.
Winkler disf ? that it woulu work
a hardship Railroads ' and would
benefit thele- It will encourage
travel andi** Dot'h parties. The
tickets aref*ansferable and scalp
ers will nt benefited. Mr. M. B.
Woodwardpd the general assem
bly's inter! with a railroad com
pany's prffhusiness- There was
now a lawp the rate of transpon
tation, anr should that rc^e be
cut down one-'half for round-trip tick
ets? There was then a colloquy be
tween himself and Mr. E. B. Ragsdale
as to the railroad v^ht and the jus
tice of making tickets "not transfer
able" By a vote of 50 to 36 the House
killed the bill.
Mr. Wood's bill to forbid persons
j making advances on liens on crops to
! take other collatera was indefinitely
postponed on motion of Mr. Magill.
The House passed Mr. Sanders' bill
to change tine scholastic year fromHhe
1st of July to the 30th of the succeed
ing June, as the law now is. so that
the law shall read. "The scholastic
year shall begin on the first day of
January of each year and end on the
31st day cf December following."
This does not affect the terms of
schools, but simply makes the records
conform to other records.
Fifth Day.-The legislature finished ?
its first week's work. Mr. McCul- j
lough's bill providing for an extra j
term cf court passed. Mr. Bacot in- ?
treduced a resolution looking to the
conversion of Sullivan's Island into a
Knited States government station. Mr.
Mrinryomery introduced a resolution
that January ISth at noon be set apart j
as a day cn which the Serat? and
house of representatives should meet j
in joint session in memory of the late :
3cv. Wm. H. EHerbe. The resolution j
provided that the governor. State su- j
preme court and State officials be in
vited to a.ttend. and that a committee
of three representatives and two Sena
tors be delegatd to prepare a pro
Th? resolution was adopted unani- j
mous-ly by a rising vote. Twelve third !
reading bills were passed, all but one, |
having b\-en passed by the Senate, are j
now in the engrossing department be- ?
lng enrolled for ratification as I aws. |
Thefirst bill brought up was Rogers' j
requiring marriage licenses in this j
State. Mr. Rcgers stated that South !
Carolina was the easiest Stat? in the !
Union in which to get married, and '
rh? hardest to get out of it The issn- I
mg of marriage licenses will be of bene i
Rt in many ways. Mr. Weston spoke
In favor of the bill. For a fee of 25
..ents a man may, under this bill, have
the record of his m ar rage perpetuated, i
There is a need for such a record to j
aid in establishing the rights of par- <
ties to deeds, titles, dowers, etc. Mr. j
Williams opposed the bill. There j
might be marriages by officials igno- I
rant of the license law and such mar- ]
ridges would be illegal and entail j
great confusion. Mr. Wharton thought ?
licenses would be of great value in pre- j
venting unhappy marriages and in I
preserving the peace of the home. Mr. \
R. B. A. Robinson-Let's give the ;
young folks a showing. Let's give !
them a chance. Marriage is a fine in- i
stitution. I don't see any uso in this I
bill. Mr. Woods thought this would j
be but a stepping stone towards a di- ?
voreement law. Mr. Jeremiah Smith |
thought it reflection on th? preachers j
and law officers to say that there ?
would be illegal marriages by officials j
ignorant of the law requiring licenses. I
[f a $1 license is an obstruction to mar- :
riage. then there ought to be no mar- j
riages cf such pecple. Mr. Stevenson
favored the bill. A man may know
that he is married, as the law now is, j
)ui forty years hence his heirs will ?
lave a hard time proving it. for there j
?venid be no rer-ords. The house re- S
'used to strike out the enacting weeds ?
j nd Mr. C. E. Robinson introduced an ?
imendment making th? bill become ; >.
operative Jan. 1st. 1900. The amend- j [
neut was rejected. Mr. Magill moved '.
o indefinitely postpone the bill. Lost i ;
by a vote of 33 to 61. The bill passed | .
ts second reading. The measure pro- j
rides: ; ,
Section 1. That from and after the j
ipprova.l of this act. no marriage shall 1 .
je solemnized ar contracted in this j j
5<tate without a license therefor issued ?
>y the judge of the probate court of t
he county wherein the ceremony of i
narriage shall be performed, a record j
>f which license shall be kept in said '
>robate court, always open to public
nspection. For such licenses shall be
harged a fee of ?5 cents, to go to the
wotoaite judge, except in counties where
he probate judge should be a salaried
)fficer, when the fee shall go to the
general county funds.
Sec. 2. That it shall be the duty of
he judges of probate to issue marriage
icenses on application of a.ny person,
vmich license.shall contain the date of
he intended marriage, the names and I r
.ges. race and color, of the contract- {\
ag parties, and the facts as to who- r\
her they are respectively bachelor, j o
vidower. widow or maid: Provided, j e
\o such license shall be issued fer the j c
narriage of any female whose mar- j t
iage would be contrary to the laws of j v
h:s Sta.tc. j e
Sec. 3. That any person, either a 11
h il magistrate or a clergyman, or j
linister cf any religion, church or j n
erl whatsoever, who shall perform ? t
he service or ceremony of marriage ; ?
ar any perron without first having j 0
?ch license exhibited to him. shall be j c
n??ty cf a misdemeanor, acid, on cor.- ; (]
Icrir^ slv'l b"4 nmi?aed by fir? nor in
xcecding five hundred dollars, or by . ;?
aiprisonment not exceeding one year. J a
:i the discretion of the court. j v
Senate bill to provide a ifhiform time ; ti
:r payment of municipal taxes was ? w
pad in the house for the first time j t:
esterday. Also the Senate bill relat-> j t'
lg to Marlboro's new jail. j ti
Mr. Martin introduced a bill relat- j g
sg to the making of highways. j P
Mr. Bacot-Relating to the board of j o
rustees a! the Citadel. I a
Mr. Jeremiah,Smith-To put Horry
ounty under county government law.
MT." Theus-Relating to the hunting
f deer.
Mr. Ashley to change county line of
.ndeirson so as to include a part of
.cnalds' township in Abbeville.
Mr. Gantt-To declare the rights of
?rtain corporations.
Mr. Patton-To protect partridge,
nail, deer and turkey.
Mr. Lockwood-To relieve certain
eaufort taxpayers from n ii lia bona j ~.
ixes. j tl
The several committees have been ;
crkicg cn the new bills introduced
t this session, and a number were re
srted upon
Favorable with minority report cn
[T. Moss' bill to increase number of
idicial circuits.
Favorable with minority report on
j. Epps' anti-cigarette bill.
The judiciary committee returned
ie Winkler dispensary bill without
i t
, a
I recommendation. Unfavorable on Mr.
j Blease's bill to require chattel mort
; gages and bills of sale to be witnessed
i by at least one disinterested party.
I Favorable on Mr. Patron's bil! ro
< declare in what manner city and town
j boundaries may be changed,
j UnfavcTable on Mr. C. E. Robinson's
j bill to regulate the bonds of county
i dispensers.
! Favorable cm Mr. Wilson's bill to
\ erect a monument at Chickamauga.
j Favorable cn joint resolution to au
I ihorize sinking fund to lend funds to
j Marlboro with which to build jail.
Favorable on bill regulating t?ir
working cf convicts on private farms.
Favorable on bill amending Charles
ton's hajo'oQ* commission law.
Unfavorable on bills proposing to
charter the Win st on-Salem and Caro
lina and the Carolina and Southwest
ern railroads.
Unfavorable cn bill reducing rail;ci'"
Governor McSweeney's Message Read !
The General Assembly of South Car- !
olir.a assembled at noon Tuesday. Sen- ;
ator R. B. Scarborough becomes Lieu- j
tenant Governor, succeeding Miles B. i
Mcsweeney, who became Governor on
the death cf William M. Ellerbe, Juno
2, 1809. In his annual message Gov- |
crnor Mcsweeney congratulates the j
General Assembly on existing cor.di- i
tions. There is no bitter political fac
tionalism in the State and South Caro
lina has ad vain ced wonderfully in the j
year just ended. There has been no ;
mob violence and good order has pre
The condition of the State finances j
is encouraging. There were 7.15S per- ?
sons on the State's Confederate pension j
rolls, the total appropriation being
$100.000. In the State Hospital for the ! '
Insane are 1.002 inmates, 599 white and j j
403 colored. In the State prison are ; t
1.073 convicts. This institution netted j '
the State $12.500.56. The phosphate .' 1
mining industry shows an increase of i e
$15.856.64 in royalty to the State. The ! [
net income of railroads in the Stat;1 j
for 1899 was $2,701,430.16. The follow- ' i
ing new lines were constructed or are ! <
being constructed: Atlantic Coast ! *
Line, 34 miles: Southern, 31.2 miles; ! *
Seaboard Air Line. 91 miles; Sumter fz ? a
Wateree, 15.8 miles; Lockhart & Un- 11
ion. 15 miles: Conway & Seashore. 10 ?
miles: Camden & Sumter, 20 miles; to- I t
tal, 237 miles. This represents an out- \ ^
lay of about $600 and will add at least j ^
$2.500,000 to the taxable property in ! t
the State. In the Institute for Deal, . ?
Dumb and Blind 18(> pupils are cared ! t
for by the State. I s
Speaking of the cotton mill outlook j s
the Governor says: *'ln cotton manu- i
facturing South Carolina leads all of
the Southern States and stands second !
only to Massachusetts in the number I
of spindles, and second to none ?n j "
equipment. If the progress of the past : a
year augurs anything for the future, ;
we shall soon lead all others in this ?
imponant industry and instead o? fur- '
nishing any of our staple crop for ex- i f.
port to other places for manufacture , J|
we will be large importers of cotton i
from other places to supply the local j
demand. During the past year eleven ; '
lew mills have been organized an?! ai-' ! -,
in progress of construction, represent
ing a total capital of $3.270.000. Six- j .
:een old mills have been enlarged, rep- I
resenting an increase of their capital 1
stock of $2,420,000." ! lY
Governor Mcsweeney suggests a ;
empi?te change in the management of j
:he State liquor dispensary, delegating !
rhe powers of the board of control to !
State officers and a commissioner to '.'e !
elected by the General Asrembly. He i ^
ilso calls attention to the impending .
langer from trusts.
The following is the conclusion < f j
he message, which consists of a gen- i fi
>ral resume of the State's progress I l(\
md her present condition: 0]
There has been no mob violence du- ; tc
ing the past year and general good or- j bl
er has prevailed throughout the State, j oi
'he county of Darlington is to be con- ; pi
rratulated on giving a legal ?trial and i tl
xecuticn for a crime that usually re- w
ults in summary justice. This spirit is j \e
0 be encouraged and commended, and j
rill result in great respect for the prop- j
r and legal channels of administering ?
he laws. ?
I have thus endeavored to obey the , ?i
?andate of the Constitution laid upon j fr
he Governor to "give to the General fi<
issembly information cf the condition j "1
f the State, and recommend for Its j T
onsideration such measures as he shill . m
rem necessary or expedient." I have ; in
ot'presume.l to lecture you on economy ? tr
or I feel sure that yon reaiiz" n-i fu??y tc
s I do the needs of our people, and :
fill be as economical in the expend?- j
ure of public money as is consistent '
rith efficient service. The burdens of
ixation always fall heavily, but where
here is wise and necessary expandi
ve cf the public fund for the general '
ood. no reasonable taxpayer will com- j x<
lain. You should deal with the affairs j
; State in a business like manner and ,
s a prudent business man would man- m
ge his private affairs. If you find that 1 ca
1 any department the expendieres can j
e cut down without kurt to efficient i m
enrice, it is your duty to sut them ' sc
own. Useless and extravagant appro- j .
nations should under no circumstan- j
es even be considered. Prudent and j a.
ireful economy should guide you in j m
Il matters touching the State's finaces. j ^
I invoke upon all your deliberations j
ie guidance of an all-wise and over- j
liing Providence, and trust that what- j
ver you do may be done with an eye
ngle to the good of all the people of
ie State. j w
M. B. MCSWEENEY. Governor, j in
The Shamrock cost between four
ind five hundred thousand dollars to
mild and the London Yachtsman
tow suggests, on the score of economy
hat the next challenger be shortened
wenty feet and the cost reduced tc
50,000. .
Army Led To Destruction By a
It Is Stated That He Has Been Re
called-The London Press Repress?
ing the Facts.
Chicago, 111., Special.-A special
cable to the Chicago Tribune from
London says:
Lieutenant General Lord Methuen,
commanding the column advancing to
the relief of Kimberley, is to be re?
lieved of his command within two j
weeks. Later he will be sent to Cape j
Town and eventually ordered home. :
When he reaches England he will ba !
retired. These facts have been con- |
firmed by an official of the War Office, j
Lord Methuen's case is a sad one. His ?
constitution began to show signs of j
breaking down almost immediately ?
after he took command of his division, j
Three days after the battle of Belmont, |
General Wolseley suggested to the ?
War Office that Methuen be relieved. ?
His advice was not herded The wis- i
dom of the aged but keen commander- i
in-chief of the British army is now
realized to the fullest extent by the j
War Office, who scoffed at his sugges- !
tion. j
Those who know the circumstances
*nd the situation on Modder River ?
equally well and who are willing to ; i
;tate facts plainly, say that Methuen's : 1
nind is unbalanced. . ? <
Constant proof of this has been com- j
ng to the notice of the officials of the :
?Var Office ior two weeks past.
The London press is considerately ,
suppressing the true state of affairs so j
ar as Methuen's ailment is concerned, i <
jut the papers do not hesitate to print ! t
he hard facts about the battle of (
tfagersfontein, which are just reaching j -,
,ondon through the mails, all of which j
r,o to show, in the language of an j
>ffi?cer, that "the attack was that of a j2
na dm an." j i
The death of Lord Wauchope, com- j t
nander of the Black Watch, was one I 2
)f the many sad results cf that en- j t
sagement. Lord Wauchope, it is now ?
veil known, realized the futility of the i v
:ssault as planned by Methuen. He j (
irgued strongly and expostulated bit- j j
erly against it. Methuen, however, ! v
?ersisted and the two quarrelled over j g
he matter the night before the battle ;
ir h ich proved so disastrous to the Bri- :
ish forces. A member of the Black j
Vatch in a letter just received, gives ;
he details of the charge which led ? S
Vauchope to his death. He quotes ! f
he general's dying words-words j .
howing how fully he realized the
ituation even in the hour of his death. ; *
The letter reads: I s
"It was one of the darkest nights we j ti
ver saw. The rain fell in torrents e
nd we went on pud forward, falling, ] n
tumbling and slipping over necks and (' .
nthills. ; li
"It was imposable to s^e where we c
rere going. After, we had been taken j c
y surprise our right half battalion j A
harged. but the men were mown down j a
ke grain before a reaper. General : fi
Wauchope was shot at the beginning j
f the charge. When he saw the mis
lke that had happened he shouted:
" 'Rally 'round me, Black Watch, 1 e
L's not my fault.' ?
"Then he fell. literally riddled with ; v
ullets." ! a
Letters from men serving in the ^
[odder River column tell of the de- j
?oralization of the troops since the ;
Dmmander's incapacitation. ? ^
A Hghland Brigade man says: ! js
"There is not the slightest doubt 1
lat Methuen has lost the confidence j
t every man in the Highland Brigade, j
am not going too far in saying thal ?
ley are afraid to trust their lives i w
ith him." I
"Wauchope, no doubt", went out to | "
nd death."' write? Sergeant Grey, s(
?'hen such a disastrous fire was j oi
pened. He had previously shoute? f?
) the Argyll Highlanders: 'Don't j is
[ame rae for this. I received my j s<
^ders and had to obey them.' With i tc
-oper handling we could have cleared j w
ie Boers out in two hours. As it was ! fa
e were taken into a butcher shop and j bi
ft there." j 01
Buller Changes Base.
London, By Cable.-The War Office ?
as received the following dispatch ? j?
om General Buller, dated Spring- ? p<
?ld. Thursday, Jan. ll, at 9:20 p m.: j j
: occupied the south bank of the j
ugela river at Potgieter's drift this j
orning and seized port. The river is j &
flood. The enemy is strongly en- j P*
enched about four and a half miles | P*
? the north." ! fa
In Honor of Mrs. Vance ; Ft
I de
Washington. D. C., Special.-A large in
?mpany. representative of the entire J H;
? .hr
)uth, attended the ball given by the I
: cc
orth Carolina Society of the District j ar
aid of the General Robert E. Lee j
emorial monument fund. The oe- j st,
.sion also was intended as a compii- j C(
ent to Mrs. Z. B. Vance, one of the j ^c
! fa
icietv's memfters. who has been elect
1 R<
I president of the Lee funds It was ; ^
brilliant success. The proposed j h?
onument is to be erected near Fort j
yer, on the heights overlooking i GI
rashington. ; pl
Filipinos Stubborn Stand.
Manila. By Cable.-Colonel Bullard
ith the Thirty-ninth infantry, mov
g in three columns from Calamba.
ith two guns, attacked ten companies
'. insurgents strongly intrenched cn
ie Santa Tomas road. They resisted tn
ubbornly, making three stands. ta
wenty-four of the rebels were killed M
id sixty prisoners were taken. The to
Llipinos retreated, carrying their w
ounded toward Lake Taal. One
merican was killed and two officers ai
ere slightly wounded. * 1B
Novel|Experi?nce of a South Carolins
Greenville. Special.-The passen
gers and crew on the Southern train
between Columbia and Greenville
Wednesday were treated to an un
usual attraction, being witnesses to
the marriage of Miss Riggs of Crange
burg to Mr. Holloway of Chappells,
which was solemnized while the train
was speeding along between Helena
and Silver Street at the rate of 45
miles an hour. Miss Riggs was ea
route to Abbeville to visit the family
of her uncle there. Mr. Holloway and
a couple of friends boarded the train
at Prosperity, having arranged that
the minister should get on at 'New
berry. As soon after leaving New
berry as possible the marriage took
place and the happy folks left the train
at Chappells. where they will reside.
End of Smallpox.
Florence, Special.-The smallpox
situation has ended very satisfactorily.
Lizzie Merricks, the negro woman who
was afllicted. has been released and
the quarantine raised. The woman is
perfectly well. The disease was con
lined to this one case, although there
were five people living in the house
with her. These were vaccinated
svithin two hours after the case was
reported and 172 other negroes were
?riven the same dose in very short or*
3er. The board of health is to be con
gratulated upon the admirable man
ier in which they handled the first
:ase it had to contend with.
Depew Invited.
Senator Chauncey M. Depew has
}een invited to visit Due West at the
?ommencement in June next and make
.he anniversary address in Erskine
college; and a similar invitation has
K-en extended to ex-Governor Robt.
Li. Taylor of Tennessee, to make the
tnnual address in the Due West Fe
n.ale college. In Erskine college th?
wo literary societies, the Euphemian
ind the Philomathean. alternate, year
>y year, in the selection cf the anni
ersary orator, and Senator Depew is
hosen by the same society which two
rears ago extended the invitation cn
vhich William J. Bryan made his firs;
peech in South Carolina.
Through Trains by Feb. ist.
Baltimore, Special.-Vice President
5t. John, of the Seaboard Air Line, re
erring to the progress of the work on
he links that will connect the different
properties that compose the greater
Seaboard Air Line system, said that if
he bridge-erecting companies were
qual to the task, trains could be run
ing through from New York to Flor
ia February 1. The grading is about
ompleted, and track-laying is going
n between Cheraw and Camden.
Lbout 50 miles of track is to be laid
nd this is progerssing at the rate of
our and one-half miles per day.
Cleveland in Georgetown.
A special'from Georgetc/U^
x-President Cleveland. Commo?ore??.^
!. Benedict. Captain Robley D. Ev
ans. IT. S. X., and a party of friends
rrived there in their private car and
rent down to the Santee Gun Club
reserves Friday morning for a week's
port shooting ducks and other game,
eneral Wade Hampton, Columbia,
: to join the party.
Sixty Die in Wreck.
St. Johns. N. F., Special.-The
recking and burning in St. Mary's
ay of the two-masted steamer, with
;s crew of probably 60. and possibly
)me passengers, all perishing, is one
f the worst marine disasters in this
ct ion for a considerable period. There
not the slightest prospect that any
>ul aboard escapee! death, as the in
nse mid-winter cold would kill any
ho escaped drowning and the ill*
ted vessel was of nearly 3,000 tons
irden. She went ashore before day
*eak Thursday.
iNews Notes.
Col. J. W. Rucker, of Atlanta, a
ember o* the banking firm of Mad
)x. Rucker and Company, died at
aim Beach. Fla., Friday night of
J. F. Atlee, chairman of the Addicks
?publican faction of Delaware, has
.oposed a plan to the "regular" Re
lblicans cf the Stat* by which the
ctions may work in harmony.
Secretary Gage sent to Congress his
atement in answer to the resolutions
.manding an explanation of his deal
gs with the National City Bank and
anover National Bank of New York,
r. Gage declares he has committed
> act that is not sanctioned by law
td precedent.
John D. Rockefeller, in a sworn
atement addressed to the Industrial
jmmission, declares the Standard Oi?
)mpany does not receive unlawful
vors from railroad companies. Mr.
Dckefeller says that commercial corn
nations are necessary, and tells how
? would have^|\em governed by law.
The funeral of Rev. Dr. Edward Mc
[ynn, the noted Catholic priest, took
ace at Newburg, N. Y.
Buying of silver by the Indian gov
nment. The Statist says, cannot be
uch longer delayed in consequence of .
ipee coinage requirements, and this
?ll lead doubtless to a marked io
.ovement in the prices of silver.
General Otis has made a report to
e War Office in regard to the mili
ry operations in Luzon, south ot
anila, showing the capture of several
wns, and a large number of prisoners
ith arms and ammunition.
The Colombian government troops
e reported ? be retreating toward

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