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The Afro-American citizen. [volume] (Charleston, S.C.) 1899-1902, January 17, 1900, Image 2

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?fpo-?mFPip?n (JififfA
TON, s. c
L. G. GREGORY, Editor,
g S. YOUNGR-OOD, Business M'g r.
C. U CLARKON, Agent.
ONE MONTH ? -.20.
S1XGLE COFJl - .55
Address alP communications
whether concerning advertise
ments or subscription, to the
AMONG the brightest of our exchang
es is the Arkansas Appreciator, edited
by our old college friend, and foimer
editor of the Fisk Herald, J. Wilson
Pettus. Its motto is "The Negro race
the Repubican Party, and the whole
people." We have no doubt but
that with such a motto and such an
able editor the Appreciator will give
the Bear State the light it so much
SOME of our prominent men make a
great blunder in trying to make the
Negroes believe that they are Republi
cans and at the same time, to give the
impression to our white citizens that
they are Derrocrats. It would be far
better for all concerned to come out
flatfooted either way. The middle
man arouses contempt on one side and
distrust on the other. In the homely
words of Lincoln, "you can fool some
of the people some time; but you can't
fool ali the people all theitime.1 ' Who
hath ears to hear let him hear !
We caHed ujjou The Messen
ger last week to call by name
those men whom it saw fit to
call "broken down politicians."
At the same time, we expressed
our conviction that it could
not answer. Behold how it
again begs the question:
Now, we will gratify the Citizen in
naming our exceptions, if it will
answer the following correctly: At
whose instance was the inspectors of]
hulls and steamboats changed in this
district ? Why is it that colored men
are applying for clerk-ship in the cen
sus office at Washington from this
State are in most instances turned
down ? How is it that tue Democrats
in this State are given supervisorships
of the census instead of Republicans
in this State ?
The above questions have
no more to do with the case
than the flowers that bloom in
the spring. Who is to judge of
the correctness of our answers ?
Only our contemporary, which
by its own confession in anoth
er part of the same article, has
no lot to cast with politics and
the politicians, and is wofully
ignorant of the nature of both,
What more clearly manifests
this than its surprise at com
prises and deals, which Lord
Macauley calls the essence of
politics? We have carried
this controversy far enough to
show up the vagaries of our
contemporary, which are but
the rant and cant of yellow
journalism. We shall truth
fully answer the above ques?
tions, for the benefit of the
citizens of South Carolina,
many of whom are still faith
ful to the tenets of the Re
Sublican Party, and shall some
ay overcome the political
pirates who have filched their
rights. If the Citizen did not
have faith in the ultimate tri-J
umph of right principles, it
would be ready to suspend
publication and leave for an
other clime. But there are
thousands of loyal Negroes who
have never yet bowed the knee
to the Democratic Baal, and by
the splendor of truth they never
shall ! The Citizen lives for
their comfort.
The two Democratic inspec
tors of hulls and steamboats
were removed at the instance
of the administration because
they were not ol the sheepfold.
Republican successors were
appointed at the instance of
the distinguished Republican
Senator Pritchard of .North
Carolina the strongest, advo
cate of Negro suffrage in the
South today. Not a man from
this state, white or black, was
a candidate for either office.
One of the able gentlemen who
is now serving was formeily
?ieputy collector of the Port of
Wilmington, under Hon. J. C.
Dancy, a Negro.
There is not a single Negro
from any state in the Union
yet appointed to the census
office in Washington, If there
is no one yet appointed from
"the President's own" state of
Ohio, what can South Carolina
expect ? appointments will
come to those who bestir them
selves. Political officers are
not given away out of sympa
thy, See?
Under a very wise decision
of the administration, the cen
sus-office is non-partisan. This
is one of the highest acts of
patriotism. The offices of
supervisors of the census are
divided between the two great
parties in every state save Ver
mont and Mississippi.
But what havej all these
things to do with questions
which are purely local ? Next !
The above is the somewhat
startling caption to an article
in the Eadie's Home Journal
for January from the pen of
Dr. Watson, who is better
known as Ian McLarin. The
writer shows that measures
ought be adopted by all the
chnrches to care for superan
nuated ministers and to retire
them in every case as soon as
!ther mental powers begin to
fail. He suggests that the
dead line in the ministry
should be sixty years.
We cannot say enough in
support of such a praise worthy
suggestion. Both in and out
side of the church leaders
ought usually be retired before
their faculties decay and they
reach a state of ^unconscious
examples of this was John
Sherman, that man of many
gifts, whose many blunders in
the portfolio of state betrayed
the decrepitude of years. The
old minister of the old school
who officiates in many of our
churches, has been responsible,
with his dogmatic theology, for
the loss of many youno; people
with whom he could have no
sympathy. Such mischeif
should be stopped. But how
to prevent it is a problem.
In the first place, the old
men are themselves eternally
opposed to what they may re
gard as a premature retirement.
What an array of scorn and
vituperation they can bring to
bear upon anyone who has the
temerity to suggest that they
are back numbers can be prov
ien Ly bitter experiences. So
far from being shot they are
ready to shoot all the young
"upstarts." Of course those
who will not listen to reason
may find it necessary to yield
to force. This brutal but effec
tive solution will sooner or
later be reached by Charles- ?
ton. ;
It is not urged that the old j
horse should be shot or turned ?
out to die. But he should be :
retired from the track on pro- <
vender as a compensation for ?
past services. Otherwise his i
master will lose many a race. <
Our leaders are but public i
servants. The people are the
masters. 1
Nor would it be fair to say 1
that this rule applies univer- 1
{-ally. There are men who ?
keep the freshness of youth s
amid the growing wisdom of j
age. While they treasure up, <
the pa^t, they never fail to
absorb modern ideas and adorn
the living present. But such
characters are as rare as a dar
lin June.
On the other hand, the arro
gance of "ye olde gentleman,"
is amusing to an extent to
which it is not nettling. Their
impatience of contradiction and
frequent recnrrence to things
that happened when their
?young friends were Deevish
boys are well known.
We know of a prominent
clergyman who preaches that
man never has any sense be
low the age of fifty. Before
that time it is all mere flash
and brilliancy. When young
Bryan pushed the old leaders
of his party aside and captured I
the nomination in that great
speech at Chicago, old politi
cians were not wanting who,
like Senator Harris, either
sulked in their tents, called him
a one dollar man, or grew sar
castic at his expense in other
It is fitting that whatever re
forms are introduced regarding
the age limit for active service
should be applied first of all
in our city. There is not
another place on earth where
so many old men hold office
and so many able young men
are treated with indifference
and scorn. Right here is the
secret of our city's apathy.
Old men for council, it is said
land young men for war. Be
that as it may, our present de
mands call for action rather
than aphorisms.
Here a young man must
fight heroically for every inch
of ground. It may be sure that
the victories are sweet, But is
obvious that many have been
tempted to leave and go where
they can win greater success
with half the effort.
To see the successful results
of young men's work look to
the great cities of the South
and West, Chicago, Kansas
City, Nashville, Birmingham,
Atlanta, Memphis, tell their
own story. Let old Charles
ton throw aside the prejudices
of years and receive the bene
fits of new blood and energy,
?o may it be.
Among the most influential
Negroes in the state today is
Rev. D. J. Jenkins, the Presi
dent of the Colored Orphan
age. From comparitive ob
scurity, he has elevated him
self to his present bights
through courage, honesty,
strength of will, and reliance
upon God. Ten years ago he
was unknown to the citizens
of Charleston, As pastor of
the Fourth Baptist Church,
one of the minor offshoots of |
this great denomination, the
desire became intensified with
in him to do something to help
the unfortunate children who
were reduced to beggary by
the death of their parents, and
appeared on the streets in such
numbers, shivering from the
blast of winter.
Now this selfsame philan
thropy had enterred the mind
of many an intelligent colored
citizen before. But no one, it
seems had enough of the prac
tical ability about him to be
come a builder.Plans galorewere
formed only to fall into the
disgrace of dismal failure. In
stead of passing the time worn
resolutions etc. he quietly
gathered a few of the most
wretched street Arabs and
undertook to provide for their
needs. He thus put himself
into a position to demand help.
People with a generous turn
are seldom ready to look
askance at those who put forth
an effort to themselves. His
genius for persistent agitation
stood him in good stead. In
asking favors for others he
could neither be cowed by in
sults nor intimidation. The!1
successful institution which hef*
controls is a splendid monu
ment to his industry.
Its maintainence means con- <
sinuous work. That man who 1
builds up an unendpwed insti- 3
tution must almost literally
sleep with one eye open. The
summer finds him in the North
with his concert company. The
>ther season find him dictating
hundreds of letters and moving
with anxious steps among our
local business men. Should
he abate his vigilence the re
sult would be disastrous to
hundreds of children to whom
no other avenues of training
are opened, and would throw
out of employ ment about
twelve teachers, clerks, and
laborers. Some of his co
workers are among the most
intelligent young people of our
city.. In organizing and con
trolling such a work Mr. Jen
kins has proven himself a
public benefactor. He is
making a sincere effort to pro
tect the destitute and unfortu
nate. In such work he has our
unqualified endorsement.
Something of character may
be surmised from his work. He
is physically strong, morally
pure, and mentally keen. His
capacity for lusinesfc may be
best illustrated, perhaps, in his
newspaper work. The Charles
ton Messenger, with the edito
rial policy of which we can sel
dom agree, is his personal
organ. He is both editor and
business manager. It is one of
the largest Negro papers in
the S^uth and was built up by
l im from nothing. Only those
who are ignorant of the
amount of mental and physical
energy, to say ' nothing of
finance, which are required to
run a successful newspaper
can deny him abilities of high
order in this venture. He
makes no pr?tentions of lite
rary finish either in speech or
writing. The simple language
of the common people with
household words, is his medium
of expression. But his mind
bristles* with practical ideas
such as interest and sway the
ripest scholarship. He has the
knowledge which comes not so
much from books as from the
great school of observation,
practice, and experience. If a
proposition contains sense it
falls with his mental grasp. If
it is a cypher the most ornate
flowers of rhetoric cannot hide
it from his discernment. Per
haps the greatest criticism that
can be made of his journalism
is its sensationalism. How
ever, the Citizen will, in the
future as in the past, pull him
off the perch whenever he
climbs too high.
In the above utterances, we
have no axes to grind or favors
to ask. We believes that Rev.
D. J. Jenkins, as the head of
a benevolent institution which
without him would be non
existing, merit, the support of
the public and should be as
sisted in his annual fair which
begins next month. Since
nothing succeeds like success,
all honor to the man who has
won it in such a large measure.
While the Citizen cannot abide
?orne of his editorial policies,
we believe in rendering unto
Caesar the things that are
Caesars. If we were required
to name the most influential
Negroes in the State of South
Carolina, the name of Danie"
J Jenkins would occupy
very high place on the list.
r^jgZThe Clerical \TJdion.
The meetidg was held Mon., at 12
o'clock in the Tradd St. Mission room
Prayer was offered by Dr. Gilbert
Father Holeman reported a good,
human state of things at the City Hos
pital, Bro. Carolina gave his account
of delightful services conducted by
himself at the Old Folks Home last
A Communication was received
from the Y. M CA., asking for
conference with the Union, It was
noted to make this conference the
special order business, at 1 o'clock, a
full meeting is desired. Revs. Gilbert,
W. A. Waddelf and J. E. Beard were
jnamimously received into member
ship. -
Sermon outlines were given'and in
:erestingly discussed, Revs. Jefferson,
md Page were the authors of the out
lines, all present participated in the
Centenary; Wesly, Tradd St. Mis
don and other Churches are holding
?pedal meetings in the dity this week
lext place of meeting is Wesley
Church. Bro. J. A. Brown will visit
:he O.d Folks Home this week. Bene
iiction by Rev. Waddell, members
jresent: Revs. D. Brown, J. A. Brown
Sardina, Clark, Holman Jefferson,
Page. Rowe, Townsend, Gilbert,
Seard and Waddell. A beautiful har
nony prevailed thropghout the meet
Subscribe to the Citizen
afr. 8\
sion ol
ed thi
ed Hi
W. BennttVs Eloquent Effu
"sinessat the Annual Banquet
mer Club-yew Ideas in Bdu
" CavUier Spirit Which Buin
?South-The Negro Who Imitat,
armer Master and Became A
Should Now Foliote {Out the
M Ideas \of tho Germans and
I Money and Other Things Will
Mr. Chin:-'
This Assigned is one of no light ?m
portanc^Twe arc assembled here
to celebrlfce anniversary of this society
whose na?eflects the teachings of one o^
America-fa ost liberal and honest state
men ChaJsumner, and in the course, of
present f<Mties you ask me to respond
to the toJ?S?Dess. 4 vi must say that the
word is nine that confines your humble
speaker t|v latitude of thought, for
business irebends any and all pur
suits tbac Je over our various necessi
ties whichfcg profit to those engaged,
for all pur* whether of labtr or muscle
of mind ariought in (act any calling
that bears I 0nr livelihood comes under
the purvic j business: and again so
broad is tlrm applicable that may en
gaged in illed business that con
cerns tbeirjbbors and not themselves
for many o5meddle with other people's
business. oitra to make it a fint duty
to know hole affairs of our friends
shtuld be ajed, while, our own door
ways need ifee sweeping andjcleansing.
But I supple purpose of this appoint
ment on yoiirt was not from a facetious
nature, but I? stern relatives of prac
tical life as jte round daily as exempli
fied by the f?r, the banker, the. mer
chants, the Janie, in fact, all lines of
daily pursuit* lead to the end of a com
mon liviihoJAnd again, 1 presume
you would wie to of?er a few suggest
ions in relatif the colored man and hi?
business life, tret, Mr. Chairman, that
I cannot say J for him at present, bat
I hope that t?w suggestions which J
now offer as |the possibilities ot his
future will iie received as coming
from a spirit cjkind criticism or a be
littlement of hpt relations to the great
Anglo Saxon qzation with which he
has been in cortt for 250 yars, but as
being prompte* a spirit for his better
ment hereat'terlere by he may place
ilong in the sudful march of these prac
tical times: Firyegret to say that the
example of the baster has had much to
do with the Nefnftingfrom business to
politics, which ts made a failure of.
For wHle the Stern gentleman taunts
the colored manu holds him up to
ridicule and scorf seems to forget that
example contribifcaore to form charac
ter that any othificy of life, that he
too in business h?en as big a failure as
the Negro has be^ politics I will try
to explain* Fori- two centuries the
sentiment of thekralier has been the
creed this side lason and Dixon's
line; The politica?ement of this coun
try has always befrongest this side of
Baltimore: it has Ls been the sp:rit io
rule somebody to *e the affairs of gov
erment and to be itleman in the sense
that relief from hafcrk simply. To be
a statesman, a lawfo* a doctor bas al
ways been the leaj ambition of the
master class-laboi
bly viewed except
who contributed to
favored few
classes: As a resul
ever been f avora
Q done by those
ell being of the
the slave
Chairman, thc
ending the last civil found the aver
age Southern gentlej as incapable ot
doing business as th
ot being a statesma
serving the trend of
so imbibed the exa
and under the re
sweet m oreel of past
were gone from him
right to povernto ru
he over his'religion.
classes being incapat;
practical and mate
lett with out a resort
ing statesman because
his master lost the tr
trial ties which have
man from Germany,
and all the others de
land: I need not refei
lar locality beyond y
Charleston, to cohvin
my saying: A real true
chant is scarce,Thc Ge
hold the power, and talave travled,
not only obtain in yourJbut in every
Southern one that I hwe find the old
master and his sons tbefcal and gov
ernors , while the foreildo the busi
ness: hence the great sil of supremacy
between the old master fformer slave
each has been the viel
purposes tn life and
Negro tninks lik<* h;? ol
ation consists in trying t
in country or stare, just
retard. For the an ticed r
but vail sentiments for i
posterity but pride,
sentiment, and if you th
show you what has oeco
politicians in this South
to do other business: th
which and aticipations 1
strongly fixed on their
age Negro was
the ?fegro ob
aster's habits al.
at was set him,
uction acts the
and vocations
cherished the
body more, than
esult the master
following the
airs of life was
Negro becom
he example ot
his past indus
bsorbed by the
(1, Jerusalem
of a fore gn
any particu
beloved City
of the truth of
native mer
Irisb, Jew, all
f misdirected
ong as the
er that elev
some body
g will be bis
politics are
s nothing to
tation and
e wrong PH
the sons of
who failed
c? are so
tance that
peritethe right
even life is taken to
to rule.
If it were left to me, I ld eliminate
from the curriculum of evcpool, white
and black ihe teaching ot?c history:
I would suspend teaching element \oi
even Washington, Grant.e, Garfield
and manv others, soldiers tn'ent and
substitute biography. I wotoach thow,
Jacob Astor tramped thc ti of New
England and the middle baying furs
which he sold at a profit art as an in
heritance Millions for thorio follow
ifter him: 1 would tell eua-, how eld
Commodore Vanderbilt ro .
he Hudson River for 10 afc
picture what that has acco
ling our great system of Ra
I'ountry. 1 would futher ma?
Peter Cooper a daily refera
joy who worked in a mach
inally advanced to the statio
?er, and left for those behint
ill men that would learn: I
City I gwould tell of If i
who was a business man, an
i greater monument to his
rood than John C. Calhorn?
lay and happier in those lit
?ing Stree road than are so
,nd teachings oi Calhoun, .
)uffey, who as politicians,
las lead to the destruction
,nd happy country. 1 w
ile ot your GeoW. Willis
or every school boy,teven Jo
f Auditorium fame, who did
be true sense ofjbusmess for s
f all around him are ma ? pl
esults of thrift, industry ?ad
rould eliminate, as I ?id, ?t,
:hool house the old tim .e trodoY
?aching the yonog, di? -ard thef
nd heroic and substito te the
je practical and industrial,
?ach business, econor ay and i_
assure you Mr. Ck orman tba
e a new era emerg?? jg from the
ie past.
Another thing t.hat seeaas t
aient among colo*?4 people,
ts. and
in buil
s in this
:ite of
a poor
op asd
t school
r own
' for
ore to
7. i
keep away from the whites and not to
imitate the examples of the best side of
their bu LSD ess life. It is a mistake, for
the Negro is not experienced, yet and
they have been seperated ' under the New
Era for 35 years, and the old muter
thing of the Negro as kndw him then,
. and not as he has improved since, bot
j imitate if necessary those frieignen who
do the business, ny and bring yourself in
touch with them as nearly as possible soi
thst they can see that yon are not so much
in the abstract as politicians would have
the,world beleive, and when you find those
those of your own capable, lift them
higher and higher in the material affairs of
life as you can give them bmsiness, but be
cartu 1 to give only those who have profited
by the business teachings of men who have
had the centuries of trial before us.
And do not think that every white man
is your enemy, fer in that you make another
mistake for such is not the case. As you
have imitated the policy of the Cavelier
class in the past try DOW imitate the busi
ness classes copy after Teutonic civilization
the Celtic and the Semetic- for their
thoa gb ts of labor and progress are quite
different from the old methods of master
class, for business and trade always invite a
courtesy of intercourse that we do not find
in political antagonism- tor politics wil
antagonize, while business tends to mellow
the sentiment of men one for the other by
that peculiar independence which governs
the wants of each, regardless of condition
race or creedmen are always friends in
baying and selling- in trading of any kind
it is not a question of condition or color ic
bdsiness but values- business levels dist inc
tiona in human affairs which no other
agency can: Yt is I? ft with you to to get
material wealth by trade and industry ?nd
political efficiency will come as the econo
mics and not the sentiments control us: we
nave legislatures in our South-land that
pass perennial laws restricting the exercise
ot capital, passing Jim Crow Car measures
but 1 venture to say my friends than not
one of those men who legislate that way
thereby preventing thousands of seit res
pecting colored people from riding in those
separate coaches only when on a mission ot
a eat h or some unforeseen circumstances
thereby depriving the corporations of
thousands of dollars income annually-own
one share of stock in SBV of ths corporations
which they legislate against. If they had
to lose bv it they would think twice and
ii*miss sentiment rather than lose the
iollars which are not theirs.: Such errors
will be righted after a while as the internal
wealth of the southland passes into bands
)t our friends in the South and thev have
something to lose by sentiment. JFben
he man from Main and NewjYork ha* to
itay at home and find an outlet for his
wealth there and not in the South: and
rhen our friends South shall be capitalists
md own corporations all else will be well.
Jut at rhis time foreigners own the Hail
loads. Steam boats and even your phos
ihate .concerns, hence the patent dis
egard of every interest of business which
tnkes it an object of material progress, for
t is a political error to^hink that in keep
ag the masses down wealth* is increased,
jabor and businesJ of all kinds dignify ali
eople. 1 have a greater regard for the
cotblack. or newsboy I see around the
ost office than I have for the little white
oy who stands on the corner with his hand
i his pocket and says that he is white, and
erhaps his father is a temporary office
older or a clerk in the store of some
ureigner who can hardly articulate the
)nglish language, and is a slave to his
tecessities and with' bia downfall goes
iat superior, superlious idle boy, that
ootblack is a business man, a twenty five
em brush and 10 cent box of blacking is
s much a stock in trade in the sense that
ipital is understood as "the thousands in
ie Bank cf Charleston, Do business my
?ends, do business, look at the rich North, i
last and IV est and learn that business is
Iways honorable when honestly conduct ed
itver mind ?what it is that you
o:do business,learn the axiom 'Labor and
ait" and all else will be well in time.
br the
religions Kotice? ^
Inspiring services everv SundijV
Fourth Baptist Church Palmetto 5^1
tic? at 4. p. m. and g p. m. and $1
Scboolat 930 a. m. The public is co3
invited. Rev. D. J. Jenkins, P&svK
Inspiring services every Sunday # & |
Paul Baptist church Rutledge Ave. sjl
vices at 4 p. m. and 8 p. m. The pafcul
s cordially invited. Rev. W. Wi??^ \
At Trinity and the Mt n.
Trinity A Jf.E. Church, T^^**
" *. m. Preaching at thelho?*
A.Jf.E.(!l?m4. pl?. tbe #t Ci*
A. M.KChurch,Rutledge ave,e*ch
at 3. 80 and 7.30 pm.by the pastor RJI
J. A. Seal. Public welcome. '
St. Johns Christian Church John ?
Pray meeting 6-a. m. 1
Sunday School, 10-m.
Preaching, 3-p. m.
Preaching, 8-p. m.
Prayer meeting, Tuesday night, at ?.jj
p. m.
Preaching Thursday night at, 8 p. ?1
The public is cordially invited. Hcu
E. J- Goodwin, Pastor,
Awakening services every Sunday ttl
Ebenezer!. A. li. Church; Nassau St I
above Wolfe. Pray meeting at 6. a. A
Sabbath school at 9. a. m. conducted byl
the efficient supt. Viss Carrie L?.|
Preaching at ll a. m. 3; 30 p. m. meet
ing of the Christian Endeavor Societv.l
Please bring your babies come and worship!
with us. Rev. J. Lucas pastor.
The First Baptist Church MtrrriJ
Rev. S. S. Youngblood Pastor senie*
Sunday School at ll a. m. Preaching at U
a. m. every Sunday. The public are invited.
Religious services at the Calvary Bip.
tist Church,. Smith St. near Morris, fie?.
fl. Je?erson Pastor. Prayer meetin|
at 6: 30 a. m. Preachiag every, Sunda?
3 30 and 7. 30. all invited to attend.
DB. R. J.
Dental Parl?n
422 Kl?t ST
COpp. Old Stand)
First Class Dentist.
Prices to Suit the Times.
Sell Phone 2*62. *
L Nassau {Street, Charleston^
Office flours* 7:30 to;8:30:a.;in. 2:30 toj;5:3?p
L 7 30i:to 8:30> m.
Office Hours: 9 to lu a. m 6.to 7p.Jin,
ree Examinations Thursdays:49;to?W.a. a!
. K.^ HAYNE.
Ittorneys ? Counselors
No. 48prinart. 2 1 iv.Mtu,.C
HU Practices In;allkOouru State>ndiFedeni
Court House Sq., - Cbaalesten, &.*C
Will practice in all 8ttt?jand Federal Coartt
r South Carolina.;
lalraers Street. .;Near|State,;|Cbar!estoD,!S- C
;Wiii;practice.lnlaft;tbe:Court8 of the State-!
Collections 'Made. ?EstateslAttpnded.ToJ
? ?No. 48:SPKIXO ST.!
?Viiljpractice;in alljthe?Courts.of.'tbe^U*
No. 48.CHURCH.ST. *~
Will pracUce.in State and Federal .Court?
Teams of AH Kinds to Hire,
om 1621. m'SPRlSG S.
ce; Smith Near Calhoun St.
TBesidence: 282 Rutledge Atj
Piano, OrganRand;fVoca!.
?Bes?dence :;2SV10KR1S&TREET,
-Ins trac torp?n

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