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South Carolina leader. (Charleston, S.C.) 1865-18??, October 21, 1865, Image 2

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A" \n?orted under thia head are writtc
ro?? WeVj? glad topublWi .
Si^tou. rf ??lt, bat do not hold cursive
KpontiWe for their sentiments.
Whither are we Drift;mg?
This is a question whick we may well pon
When we take into consideration the events
are daily transpiring through the actions of tl
high in authority, and more especially is
question pressed upon our consideration as
read such a document as the letter of "A Ph
er,'* published in a late edition of one of
journals of this city. Who amongst tts, in
widest scope of imagination, could hilve brou
his mind to such a denth of demoralization as
believe for a moment that an intelligent freer
could be so blinded hy prejudice as to atten
hy argument, to prove that the true way to ele
? rion lies through the degradation of the nat
which he professes a desire to elevate ? But i
son is often made subservient to passion ; i
men often, after having had their hardened "ea
somewhat softened by the triumph of their bel
feelings, relapse back to the Adamantine sti
and leam to look upon and consider those r
monts when they possessed, the feelings of ]
nianity, as moments of delusion. But thoi
for a time conscience may he deadened, and
animal passions prevail over the moral natl
?till the right will at hist prevail, and ere
grave "loses upon the mortal coil, that hardoi
heart learns to look back upon those though
not as delusions, but considers that moment ai
fatal one when he departed from the pathway
truth and justice. " A Planter " either does i
understand, the question to be solved, or, und
standing it, is desirous of changing the laws
nature, and placing men on a level with brut
The question is not whether wc can sustain o
selves as freemen ; for that has been airea
proven by numbers of our race who have bx1
free for ages. But the question is, Are we to
encouraged and enlightened by those who ?
somewhat responsible for our ignorance, ax
through their assistance, perform our part as (
laborers, in developing the resources of this gre
country ? Or are the teachings of "A Plante
to be followed, and indignities heaped upon
such as no free people have ever been known j
tiently to bear ? Are the passions and prejudic
of the two races to be aroused, and we forced 1
circumstances to look upon those as enemi
whom we are desirous of acknowledging
friends. We as a people know well that tl
harshness meted out to us in the past was owii
to the peculiar situation in which we we
placed. To discuss at this timo who was respo
sible for our past situation could not benefit i
and therefore is a matter of no import But b
ing somewhat relieved of our disabilities, v
liare neither passion nor prejudice to gratify. M
are anxious to let bygones be bygones ; and :
our humble opinion, one as intelligent as ".
Planter," can better assist us in such a Christin
object, as he pretends to be anxious for thc fi
ture welfare of the two races, than by thrustin
to our gaze the lash und the whipping-post W
neither ask nor expect any right to be ex tende
to US that ure not enjoyed l>>- othor*. lint aa vc
have shared, and are still willing to share, th
burdens of government. We claim a like righ
to rhe enjoyment of its privileges.
??. C. D.
Editor of The Lewin:
SIR,-Please insert in your invaluable jour
nal the following communication, prepared, a
you may perceive, for the columns of th
Charleston Courier, where the article for whicl
this is a reply appeared Saturday last ; but tha
paper rejected it. The Charleston Daily Xetc
was also applied to, with the same result. Thes
rejections, however, only furnishes an addition
al evidence of the iudispensible utility of havinj
rn our midst a press like yours, where the re
presen tative rights of the humblest is not pros
For the " Charleston Courier.*
MR. EDITOR,-By granting this communica
t?on an bambie space in your columns you wil
have served the cause of justice, oblige a part]
.concerned, and removed from the minds of thi:
community whatever unfavorable impressioi
they may entertain relative to the colored per
sons constituting the congregation under th<
advantageous pastoral care of the Rev. T. W
Lewis, missionary of the Methodist Episcopal
Church in this city ; caused by the publicatior
in your issue of the 4th instant of an article
with the caption of 44 The Methodist Episcopal
Church Soutfc and the Colored People," whict
article purports to be an abstract of the pro
eeedings of a quarterly conference of said church,
premised with some strictures of the Rsv. E. J.
Meynardie, couched in such terms as to reflect
prejudicially against this congregation, and,
thereby justify their ejection from the Trinitj
Church building, when they were the bona-fide
solored congregation of that church ; having
Liberally contributed to its erection, met its quo
Sa tor mbristeji&l support, and aided its everj
enterprise ; last to forsake it on account of thc
shet?iag, and gladly returning to repair damag
es,, sad worship again within her sacred enclos
ures,, wkh tke loss of but a very few of hex
large membership by proselytism to the African
Methodist Episcopal Church, as was exhibited
by the inspection of the Rev. Dr. Rayser and
the Rev. F. A. Mood the Sabbath afternoon just
preceding the quarterly conference.
' ? becoming sense of -self-respect, in view ol
She confidence reposed in them by the public
generally, impels the membership of this con
gregation, bx way of defence, and not for recri
mination, to give their simple account of the
matter that the efecerat?g ?nd unprejudiced
may have both sides of the question, and not
be biased by ex par te representation. Theil
present pastoral relations, which, by the by, is
the only bill of offending, was brought abouj
by an unexpected interposition of Divine Provi
den?e,. and not by any foresight or preconcerted
arrangement of theirs.
The great changes resulting from the wai
having produced a state of derangement in the
Methodist E. Churches South m this city, th?
pastors having abandoned their sharges, an
agent of the African M. E. Church sounding
:he tocsin of the dis?oya?ity of said church and
: nrr consequent annihilation. :>> ] r:.> colored or
dained man amongst mern to aumimster at uer
^jt?is,-these perplexing circumstance?, together
with the restlessness and actual withdrawal of j
: some from the church, produced a conviction in J
? the minds of the white and remaining colored
oficial tfiembers, sf the necessity of a recon- i
structioo of affairs, aa< consequently a meeting
was held by them on the 13th March last. On
which occasion, after prayer and mature delib
eration*, certain resolutions were adopted and
published in your columns on 1st June, 1865,
by which the colored portion of all the M. E.
Churches South inCharlston,with certain church
accommodations, should be turned over to the
original M.E. Church, under the pastoral care of
the Rev. T. W. Lewis, a missionary from said
church, prospective of a general re-union of the
several parts of our beloved Methodism, with
the watchword, " One Church/*
This state of things have existed for the last
seven months with very gratifying results ; the
church re-established and improved, her flour
ishing Sabbath school made the grateful recipi
ents,-in money, books, and paper,-from both
white and colored friends, and the pecuniary
embarrasments which would have been sad
dled upon us by a pay clergyman in these times
of financial straits, is providentially obviated
by the gratuitous services of a missionary pas
! tor.
In conclusion, this congregation regrets that
the A. M. E. Chnrch should suffer themselves
to be made a tool of to intercept their brethren?
They would, however, with no ill feeling, in
form their white and colored friends whose sym
pathy they crave, that they are not merged into
the A. M. E. Church, and, although most un
justly ejected from their legitimate place of
worship, yet, in the quiet discharge of duty,
they may be found every Sabbath for the pres
ent in the Normal School, awaiting the farther
openings of Divine Providence, and holding to
the principles of their agreement in good
Mass Meeting.
To the Editor of the Leader*
A mass meeting of the colored citizens of St.
Stephen's District was held on the 14th instant.
Mr. J. Jefferson officiated as chairman ; Mr. L.
C. Thomas, as secretary.
Mr. Benj. Byas, of New York, addressed the
meeting upon the importance of unity of action
among the colored people of the South. He
gave a brief and interesting sketch of President
Lincoln's earlier days of public life, his sym
pathy for the African race, and his assassination
while officiating as President of the United
States in behalf of the Union and the liberties
of ali the people. The result of the Connecti
cut election was alluded to as an act of base in
gratitude towards her colored soldiers, who so
faithfully defended her in the late war for the
Union i
Mr. Thomas then addressed the meeting, ad
vocating the importance of establishing a com
mon school, and showing the great benefits that
must be derived from such an institution.
Aft?r adopting a series of resolutions, the
meeting adjourned.
_ -
Saturday, October 21,1865.
ACTHOIUZSD AGBXTS : William Dart, Paul Poinsctt, ?
Samuel L. Bennett, of Charleston ; Wm. B. Nash, i
Columbia; Dean Dudley, Boston, Mass.; Rev. A?
Waddle, Savannah.
THE LEADER can be obtained at the stores of T. W,
Cardozo, corner of Henrietta and Elizabeth Streets j
and at Simons & Denny, Market Street, opposite
Our Country. (
LAST week we attempted to show that this is J
not a white man's country, nor a white man's (
government-that there is nothing in the Con- (
stitution to justify any such assertion ; and, i
furthermore, that the black man was recognized i
as part of the government at the time the Con
stitution was adopted. No one familiar with ?
the history of the American revolution can af
ford to forget that the first blood shed in the
American cause was that of Cripus Attucks, a
black man, who fell a martyr to the cause of
Independence, in the Boston massacre, while
defending the liberties of the people from Brit
ish insult.
We hnve now the highest authority for saying
that this is OUR country. Not a white man's,
nor a black man's, nor any other man's coun
trv, but a country founded upon the principles
of equality. President Andrew Johnson, in a
recent speech, which we publish in another
part of the paper, tells the colored regiment of
the District of Columbia, that " this is your
country as well as anybody else's country."
Noble words I-forcible, because truthful.
The President said many other things which
are worth reading. He has taken the only
practical stand, and we claim that he will not
go back upon his record. There is no positive
ground for believing that his re-organization
scheme is to be strictly adhered to. He has
said that it is an experiment, and if it does not
work out a process of sound loyal organization
it will be abandoned for a more practical and
promising plan. His willingness has been ex
pressed to change his policy, whenever its fail
ure shall be clearly demonstrated, so that the
friends of universal equality have no cause for
despondency as yet.
We have never doubted his thorough and
persistent hostility to the institution of slavery,
and because of his soundness on that part of
the consequences of the war, he cannot greatly
err in his efforts to restore peace, harmony and
union among the sister States. At a great po
litical gathering of the Union men at Spring
field, Illinois, the home of the late lamented
President, a banner was brought in, borne by
wounded soldiers, representing a globe, which
Mr. Lincoln was prying up with a rail, while
Andy Johnson was seated cross-legged, on the
North American part of it, tailor fashion, sew
ing up a huge rent. Mr. Lincoln says to him,
? A few more stitches, Andy, and the dear old
Union will be mended ! '
Yes, a few more stitches. Let them be taken
carefully, conscientiously, fearlessly for the
ri^ht. L^t u* have no more doubtful experi
-?n ?.; *S?*?mamggg g ? i n-- ?gg
merits. The wisdom and patriotism of the
tion should be consulted in reference to the ]
icy to be adopted, when the President shall
fit to change. We are confident of a change,
cause satisfied that the present policy is a fail
No cause can long prevail unless founded
absolute justice to all men. With sucji imp!
faith in the justice of onr cause> let tis give
unqualified support to the President, and p
steadily on for the accomplishment of the gi
purposes of our country-the moral rights,
intellectual privileges, and the physical liber
of mankind.
The Island Lands.
That these islands are valuable for the p
duction of cotton, no one will question. 3
that a question of great interest as to the fut
rightful possession of these lands is now pe:
ing, many are painfully aware? The decis
as to whom shall be the just and lawful own
thereof, will carry with it grave responsibilit
It is a controversial point, different in mi
respects from other connections which the g<
ernment has been called upon to settle* beca
it is a question in which the good faith of
nation is involved.
General Sherman's Special Order set ap
these lands for the benefit of freedmen that 1
been left to take care of themselves. The frei
men accepted these lands with the understai
ing that they were to be kept in possession
them. General Sherman's Order has ne
been revoked by the President, nor do we 1
lieve it can be. The act was binding as if dc
by the government itself, and justice requi
that it be adhered to. The government mi{
as well attempt to restore all the other propel
that was used or destroyed by General Sherm?
in his successful march, as these lands.
An experiment is being tried here in r?f?rer
to the employment of free labor, and the abil
of the the colored race to take care of thei
selves. Sufficient time bas not been given
demonstrate the feasibility of the former,
establish the fact of the latter, to the minds
all men ; and we say let the experiment go or
General Howard has arrived in Chariest
for the purpose of investigating the subje
with full powers to issue any necessary ordc
that may be mutually satisfactory to thc free
men and the former owners. The following c
rections were given General Howard, by t
President, previous to his leaving Washin
ton ! -
War Department, Adjutant-(jettera?s )
O?ce, Washington, Oct. 9, I860. >
GENERAL ORDERS No; 145. - Whereas ce
tain tracts of lands situated on the south coa
of South Carolina, Georgia, aiid florida; at tl
time for the most part vacant, were set apart I
Maj-Gen. W.T. Sherman's Special Field O
ders, No. 15, for the henefit of refugees ar
freedmen that had congregated by operations
war, or had been left to take care of themselv
by their former owners ; and whereas an eSpe
talion was thereby created that they would 1
able to retain possession of said lands : an
whereas a large number of the former ownei
are earnestly soliciting a restoration of tl
same, and promising to absorb the labor an
care of the freedmen, it is ordered that Majoi
General Howard, Commissioner of the Burea
of Refugees. Freedmen, and Abandoned Land;
proceed to the several above named States, an
fende?v?r to effect an arrangement mutually sal
isfactof? to the freedmen and land-owners, an
make a report andj in case a mutually satisfac
tory arrangement can be effected, he is duly em
powered and directed to issue such orders o
may become necessary after a full and careft
investigation of the interests of the parties con
By order of the President i>f the Unite
?ott?n-?rowing Convention.
Mr. A. Penfield has addressed a letter to Maj.
jen. Howard, Commissioner of the Freedmen'
Bureau, recommending a convention of th?
;otton growers of America, for the purpose o
considering the many subjects connected witl
the cotton culture and the employment of freed
men. The reasons assigned for such a conven
tion are-a concert of action among the cottoi
growers that would insure them profit, anc
good wages to the laborer, the introduction o
first-class agricultural implements, and the gen
eral prosperity of the nation. He says that "I
may be safely affirmed that for two or threi
years to come one man's labor in cotton grow
ing will be worth, to the nation, that of fiv<
men in the gold mines. Indeed, cotton fieldi
are the gold mines of the nation."
General Howard, in reply, warmly approve?
of the proposition, because he thinks it would
aid in the solution of many practical problem.'
arising from the labor-question, "and check
the false notions that often prevail, that it ii
possible and politic to dispense with the freed
men. *'
We agree that such a convention for delibera
tion upon the growth of cotton, if conducted
in the spirit of impartiality and fairness, would
result in great good to all concerned ; but il
such convention is to assemble and exhaust its
ingenuity in developing a scheme for the pro
duction of the largest amount of cotton at thc
least possible expense,-to secure forced con
tracts between the laborers and the planters
giving to the planters unlimited power to us
compulsory means to secure large and profita
ble crops, ^such connection can result in n
possible good to the nation or the people, but
on the contrary, would induce positive injur;
to all concerned, and retard the progress c
events which now seem to tend so surely to th
recognition of the rights of labor and the claim
of humanity.
Capital and labor have too long been in an
tagonism. Labor has too long suffered at thi
hands of capital not to be aroused to the impor
tance of such a convention. All capital is in
debted to labor for its value ; it is but the accu
mulation of labor. Why, then, should not la
bor be consulted as to the best method to bes
adopted for the successful growth of cotton 1
The national cotton growing convention shoulcl
be composed of laborers as well as capitalists!
And if it calls for both classes to choose dele*
gates to attend, we shall have confidence in its!
honesty and purity of purpose ; while on the
contrary, if it composed entirely of planters
and capitalists, we shall watch its proceedings
closely with a jealous eye to the welfare of
Colle ton District.
THE manner in which this model district is
managed at the present time isa source of great
satisfaction to all concerned. ,The ?riendly re
lations existing between both classes, and the
general quietness and good order, .commands
the respect of ali Other districts throughout the
Stat?. And as this is of some importance at
the present time, we are pleased to say a few
words in relation to the present state of affairs.
While under command of other officers, it will
be seen that either they did not understand how
to administer justice to all, irrespective of color,
or else the people have at last found the right
man in the right place. Colonel J. C. Beecher,
35th C. T., who is in command of this'district,
assumed command immediately after Gen. Yan
.Wyke, who was here but a short time, having
relieved Gen. Hartwell, of the 55th Mass. Col
ored Troops, and if we are to credit the story
going the rounds of the district,Hartwell was in
favor with the first families, and parted from
the colored people with no regrets on their part.
At the time he was in command there were is
sued twelve thousand rations to all classes, and
without regard to necessity. This number was
reduced to about seven hundred by Genl. Van
Wyke, and is to-day still further reduced to
four hundred. Thus, as far as assisting va
grancy and idleness is concerned, there is no
complaint. Rations are given out only to the
really poor and needy, and the contracts are all
being carried out faithfully, showing the public
that with just and humane men, there need be
no difficulty as regards the future of the whites
and blacks in South Carolina.
Col. Beecher is doing all that he can to im
prove the condition of all, and is ready at all
time to go in person to any part of his district
to remedy any evils that may exist. And from j
the manner in which the citizens go to and
from headquarters, we are assured that the i
same feeling is entertained towards the Colonel |
that he lias towards them.
If other parts of our State are as well con
ducted, there will be no cause to regret the
change that placed General Bennett in charge
of the Department, and Colonel Beecher in
command of the 2nd Sub-District.
The officers of the regiment are deserving of
much praise. Captains Batchelder, Peirce,
Gates, and Lieut. Craig, also Captain White, of
George Station, and the men under them; have
conducted themselves in a manner that reflects
gtcat Credit, arid st?rrip'5 them as one of the ban
Met regiments.
At Summerville they are opening the schools,
artd stfiving by all the means in their power to
get knowiedge and fit themselves for a better
life than has been the lot of some Heretofore.
The schools are under the charge of Mrs. Beech
er and Miss Parker, and are well conducted.
i he roads and bridges are being repaired, and
the town is coming up to its old standard. If
there were better facilities afforded by the rail
road, they would be able to get their goods to
a ready ni?rket \Vith dispatch.
Th ? civil courts* and in fact all business, is
conducted in such a manner as will tend lar^elv
to benefit all concerned.
?'he ?ledtions.
Tin-: result of the election m Pennsylvania is
very gratifying. The State Senate Will consist
of twenty Republicans, and thirteen' Democrats;
the House of Representatives Will have sixty
six Republicans, and thirty-four Democrats,-a
clean working majority for the Union.
The result of the Virginia election is not yet
fully known. The returns as far as heard from
indicate the election of two of the candidates
for Representatives in Congress, who can take
the required oath. A. II. H. Stewart is also
probably elected, although he has admitted that
he could not take the oath. The Union ticket
for State officers, and for members to the House
of Delegates, is ptobably defeated* although re
turns are not cornpiefe.
In Ohio the vote is light, and the republican
majorities are diminished-less of course than
on a full vote. A majority of twenty-five thou
sand, enough to elect General Cox, is but about
a third or a quarter of what the State can do.
The election in Newark, N.J., shows a repub
Hean gain of 2,400 since last October.
DESTRUCTIVE FIRE.-A very destructive fire
occurred in this city on the morning of the
18th instant, which left in ruins several of our
largesVand finest stores and severely damaging
others. The fire originated in the rear of the
store of W.H.Chafee, 41 Hayne Street, a whole
sale grocery and liquor store, and rapidly spread
until the adjoining buildings were consumed.
The^ " Courier " office was entirely destroyed.
W. T. Burge & Co., dry-goods dealers, and
Hartie, Calhoun, & Co., shoe and saddlery deal
ers, also had their stock destroyed. The amount
of property lost by the fire will not come far
Mr. Gilbert Pillsbury, agent of the Bureau,
is assigned as assistant to Captain Wall, and
will report to him accordinglv.
By order of Major-General R. SAXTON,
Assistant Commissioner.
Ass'tv-Adjt. Gen,
The Negro Prodigy.
THE New York papers are noticing the musical
performances of a blind colored |?oy, who is giv
ing performances in that city l?ppn thc piano.
We take from the Herald an! fcfyipleupon him.
The well-known character bf that .pamper is[ia
guaranty that it would admit nb. moggin praise*
of the negro than it was absoltttel^?ompel?ed
" Blind Tom is a veritable wonder: Many
believe because of the peculiar position of the
negro boy that some little aptitude for music
has been magnified, from charitable or interest
ed motives, into genius, and an ignorant facili
ty on the piano-forte into first-class manipulation,
j Such belief has no foundaiion in fact. The boy
has positive genius, or never from out the dark
ness of his mind could spring such powers of
delicate and tender expression or such a keen
comprehension of the beauties of the musical
art. Blind, with a mind almost vacant,
with a personnel so awkward, so disproportioned,
so opposed to the idea of the dwelling-place of a
soul, awake to the refined influence of divine
harmony, he executes %the composition of great
minds with an intelligence and a kindred senti
ment which many artists of education who at
tempt them cannot reach. Memory and imitat
iveness are' the two organs by which ho acom
plishcs the extraordinary results to which we
have listened with wonder and admiration.
He learns the difficult pieces which he plays by
hearing them from thc hands of another. His
memory is wonderfully retentive, so that after a
second" hearing lie repeats correctly the most
complicated passages. He seems to have com
prehended at once"tho system of fingering ; and
although he sometimes* outrages the laws, his
substitution is always ingenious and effective.
By his imitative power he seizes the style of each
performer, arid by thc combination of m inory |
and imitation, he^is enabled to reproduce imme
diatelv any composition that he hears for thc first
time, * absolutely correct in form, the leading
themes preserved, and the passages in detail al- ?
most as he heard them. His ear is so acute that
he can tell the name of every note in dispersed
chords or thc most confused discords,. beginning
with the lower note and naming each ii! succes
sion. His wond Tful perception of the individu- j
ality of tones suggested to his teacher to adopt a .
system of the alphabet to the tones, so that Tom j
can read anything on a c 'rd as fast as his teach
cr's fingers can move over the keys. It is a
matter of astonishment to hear this blind negro i
boy play a sonnet of Bethoven. also Gottschalk's
" Last Hope," with all thc refined sentiment, the 1
pathes, and abandon, which the composition re
quires, and to listen as he plays Thal borg's
u Hollie, Sweet Home,'"' with its so well sustain
ed theme, and its delicate manipulations so fine
ly rendered. He has a large repertoire, to which
he is constantly adding, and he plays ail that he
knows with a sentiment and cM hrh which indi
cate that his heart anti all his mind are in his
Blind negro Toni is ;i study ?s weil as ? vvon:
dor, and every time we hear him we gain some
additional insight into his character; but where
the light Of music conies from, when? all else is
so dark, is one of those mysteries of Providence
which we Seek in vain td Urirav^l. Last evening
Mr. Charles Fradel, an artist well known in this
city was present, and was kind enough to per-'
form one of his mos: beautiful and difficult com
positions, after which Tom performed it wit!:
entire satisfaction, and amid the greatest cnthusi-1
asm. i
He plays nightly at Dodworth Hall, and pub- j
lie attention is beginning to be directed toward j
bini. When it is fully aroused thousands will j
flock to listen to the most remarkable phenome
non of this or any other age.
A NEW ISSUE.-The following colloquy took
place in the otfice of a well-known friend of the
freedmen, near Charleston, not long since.
Freedman.-Colonel, I aint going-up dar cny
more, 'cos dat man say he going to kill me if I
cum dar '?jin.
Col.-Well, Henry, if you will go back and
let him shoot you1; then I will hang him, and
that will stop killing on both sides.
Freedman.- Wall, Colonel^ you see that
won't doi as I want to be dar to see him hung.
Col.-Well, can't y cu get a man to take your
place :
Freedman.-I don't tink dat I can; but IT!
ax de boys on de farm. Perhaps some of dcm
Col.-Well, send tlie mafi up there; and if he
gets killed then I'll hang the man that kills
him, and all will be Satisfied.
Freedmnn.-All but de man dat gets killed
Any way, I'll ax dem:
The complainant departed, ?[uite satisfied that
justice would be done.
Hon. Gilbert Pillsbury, of the Freedman's
Bureau, is expected to arrive here to-day from
the North. He will be gladly welcomed by the
friends of human freedom. Mrs. Pillsbury also
accompanies him, and nineteen teachers for the j
Freedmen's Schools.
Major-General O.O. Howard, Commissioner
of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands,
arrived in this city on Tuesday. He is expected
to address the freedmen and others, at Zion's
Church, to-morrow afternoon.
Hon. Wm. D. Kelley, M. C., from Pennsyl
vania, has our thanks for favors received.
Gen. Gilmore, it is said, will succeed General
Slocum in Mississippi,
Rev. R. H. Cain, of the A. M. E. Church, is
now in Columbia for the purpose of organizing i
a church and society.
Allen Coffin will address the Sabbath
Schcol connected with the A. M. E. church,
now worshipping at Trinity Church, Hasel St.,
On Sunday forenoon, 22nd inst.
Hon. Henry Wilson, of Mass., in his great
speech at Yonkers, N. Y., Oct. 9, made use of
the following in answer as to how he would
treat the Southern people. Mr. Wilson said:
I have never had a feeling of bitterness against
those people. I knew their blood was fairly
poisoned by the sting of slavery. I want none
of their blood or property, but I do want jus
j tice and humanity to prevail. I do want these
j colored wards of ours to be free and to enjoy
their civil rights. I want nothing for the past,
j hut I want security for the future. You want
it. We all want-it, and if we are wise and pru
dent, and keep the power in our own hands,
we have capacity enough calmly to compare
opinions and secure results. It is for you to
do now as you have done in the past ; as you
did in the gloom of 18-56, I860, and 1864 ; give
the wealth and power of the great State of New
York to the support of the government and the
indorsement of the great principles that under
lie it-doing this, you strike strong and hearty
and ever memorable blows for the divine cause
of liberty and humanity the wide world over..
Items of Special Interest.
Colored people inSUex&Hria are hereat:. r -
be treated like white;jpS?fl?, ?ot arrested if r
after ten; p'ct?ck^Mfif?r; _?or be deprived
fo\vIin?-p??(X^ from a neero
has beeii restored to-l?m: *
Jeff Thompson tells the editor of the ]>,.:\.
ville ??tirnal that tVe omy-peop}e in the >'?
who wish to do any more fighting aa- rfc \sh?
didn't do any wh?n th'ey-had a chaine
The Freedmen's Bureau in Wallington have
received the letter in full of Governor Sharker,
pf rMississippi, in -which he takes the ground that
I by the action of the late Convention, in i?
amendments to the State Constitution and its re
cognition that slavery has ceased to exist, negroes
are secured the rights of testifying' arid of Cueing
and being sued in any court of justice in the
State. ... : .
. - ; * ' : ' 4 j ; i '?
Anna E. Dickinson-spolie' -'iii ?New !3av??! on
Tuesday night to a crowded audience. Three
hundred*trred to obtain tiek'ets? b?ttvere- ?nab'e.
She will speak there twice more during tht
coming winter.
. . . .. I : ; . ? ?. *
Governor Brownlow in his message complains
bitterly of the .conduct of the colored soldiers
and free negroes in Tennessee: It is hardly to
bc expected that they will get on placably vnc?
people who hate them and have such yiplcnt p?v
sion? and such savage vindictiveness as Gover
nor Brownlow has.
An association has been formed in AVashing
ton t<> present a course of winter lecture* from
Wendell Phillips, H W. Beecher, Dr. Chap?n,
and men of positive opinions on questions of ne
gro suffrage and other kindred topics.
Gonvernor Andi cw of Massachusetts has ac
cepted the presidency ot the American Land Co.
and Emigration Agency, thc object of which is
to send the New England element into the
Carl Schurz is going to start a radical jour;:;;!
in St. Louis.
Thc negroes in Riehmond are getting up thc
Negro Tobacco- Association," capital $10,000,
for the benefit of manufacturing tobacco. Thev
have $7.000 ot* it already subscribed.
Tiiere are exciting times in the Tennessee
Legislature on thc negro franchise question.
Facts are developing the ability, as well as the
disposition,.of the negro to maintain lus man
hood. O ut* of the. amount of ?S.OO0:?O0 of Gov
ernment bonds subscribed for in Kastern Virgi
nia, more than three millions have been taken hy
! freedmen : and that thc remaining ft*ye r??ii?ihn.'?
have been taken by Northern men doing business
; in this State: mid, so far as the records go, net
' one dollar by a white native Virginian.
I The colored people talk of starting news
papers in Mobile and in St. Louis.
The President lias pardoned General B. (j.
Humphreys); sd as to make him eligible to the
. ...
j governorship of Mississippi, to which he is pro
! bablv elected. :
Gov. Andrew said in his speech in Harwich,
that he should not leave Massachusetts, Ho is
" tdo intenso Yankee to bear transplanting."
Thc President-his-ordered the withdrawal of
colored troops in Kentucky, and thc Susp?
of martial law in that State.
SACRED GTOXCJEKT.-The Ki'L'es of thc Afri
I can M. E. Church iii this city have ^ivt:! two
concerts this week, both of which were well ar- j
tended. The performances were given in Zion's I
Church, under the direction of McCalpin; The
pieces were well executed, and gave good satis- j
faction td the audiences.
At the first concert, held on Tuesday evening
un interesting address was delivered by Rev. !..
J. Adams, after which Rev. Mr. Meach'm. o?
Florida, entertained the audience with some
well-timed remarks;
Near the close of the second concert, on
Thursday evening, Rev. Mr. Cain made an ad
dress. He then introduced successively T. Hur
ley, Allen Coffin, and Edwin Coombs, Esq., ail
j from Massachusetts, who made brief speeches
in praise of the concert, and congratulatory of
the auspices tinder which they were given.
CALL FOR A COXVEXTIOX.-The colored peo
ple have called a mass meeting, at Zion's
Church, next Thursday evening, as will be seen
?by advertisement, to make arrangements fur
calling a State Convention.
THE STATE ELECTION*.-The result is not yet
fully known, but, as far as heard from, tho re
turns give a majority in favor of James L. Orr
for Governor, and W. D. Porter for Lieutenant
Governor. The entire ticket of the Working
Men's Party was elected. The election in this
city was very quiet, the number of votes eas:
being less than one-half'of the usual numb::
polled before the war.
ECLIPSE.-The eclipse of the sun on Thurs
day last was beautiful. The moon, in the cen
tre of the sun intercepting the light of nisi
body, produced a fine display.
JUSTICE ADVANCING. -Last week the Mayor
of the City of Washington notified the trustees
of the Colored Schools, by letter, that he was
ready to pay whatever was due them, and atthe
same time asking if either of them was thc
author of an article in the New York Tribune,
stating that he was ready to pay over $10.000.
?The trustees-declined to-answer officially, oat
stated privately that they knew nothing ot tn?
i article until their attention was called to lt &;
? the Mayor himself. The Mayor then refuse i w
! pay over the money promised until the ques*i<>
! had been answered. He has since changed hia
mind, and paid them $8,000, whereupon A.<*
! Riddle, one of the best lawyers of the city. ....3
j brought a suit against him for $12,000, the bfc
I ance still due.
It is not often that professed .politicians o -
up frankly that they are animated by Pe-:
ther 'han patriotism, in their struggles for ps
er. The naive confession of Mr. Purdy, -
Grand Sachem of Tammany, is, therefore- re
freshing. He says, and he ought to know:
.? What the Democrtaic party chiefly nec^
I power. It is a very thankless and cheerless ^
fice'to be" confined to the business of st?^vV^
outside of the farm fence and finding faUK
those who are in possession of the
grounds, fruit and orchards, cattle, stoc?^P^
and provisions. You may talk more ^
know more moral law, be more fluent in
ment, and have the most solid convict
your own wisdom, personal elevation a -,
j stract right-, but if you ? can't get in and g
j other fellows out, it is ali vanity an J v*
; of spirit/'

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