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The free press. (Charleston, S.C.) 1868-186?, April 11, 1868, Image 2

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fur 1>5?bsi?>ext :
fos vtce-i'uesimbnt :
: :. >??:. the decision of the Cu?oa Ee
ii I\?tt;oita? Convention, to be ?ielu at
Chicago 02 tile -'.{?h Cay o?' Muy next.
?; This Government is a Republic where
the Will o? the People is &a Lawoftbe
band." U. S. GRANT.
for goverxok :
. . i: i;.J7. & in81*. GENERAL:
F. J. MOSES. 3 .
. 1 . . . , :> ! . n I ? r i . ?
F. i.. CAllDOZA.
:: COM?'TROL?.KR . :
Dr. j. L. NEAGLE.
yt)?l f-: ?; si! i; E!? :
y<)'? ATTORNEY general :
for SUPT. OF Bl>UCA?I03? :
FOR COXG&?S332 S ? :
?. F. Whit?emore, First District,
C. Bowen, Second "
Corfey, Third "
.;. H. Goss, Fourth "
.V. M. Epping, At lar?e
Elias DlxoUj "
7vatss to CHICAGO c05vkstiok
. ). <\ W hiiteniore, ^
. Muses. Jr.. First District;
. E ?%ue, 3
v s.. )
apt. Smalls, \ Second District,
J. EL Jenks, j
v. ( ;. ] *uncan,
. M. Wilder, Th:i-I i/;.;ak.
W. B. Nash, \
tti. Jl*. itOSC
V. .1. P. Owens, Fourth District.
\\ iison \ ->ok, j
iOR the general ASSEMBLY,
Charleston ( bounty :
D T. Cmrbix, R. U. Cain.
R. < . DeUr-e, A. J. Reinster,
Thomknsou, W. li. \V. t?iay,
A. Losemon, (*eon?*e \
. F. Jackson, J. Ii. Je?ks.
U'm. MeKinky, F. ?!. -es, Jr.,
W*. J. [>rodiu, J. >. He nui.:',
A. Smith. J. . Wright,
Win. Jer voy, S. Johnson,
'. ?nwu, Edward Mickey.
' Tin: Ajoult?ration uf Woman.?
A soioy correspondent uf the Louisville
Coltriti' relatos the matrimonial experi -
aw! ? 'fue "Verdaut (ireen.' a friend !
>? 1. !.. .
Verdun! had lived an unsophisticated j
life until he had reached tlie iij>e yjic of j
' ;e?ty-??tte. About that time a nehzh- |
r of V s father employed :t governess i
Ir??!?? \ \ met :.<?: -it r?ic- I
?. a;v? -1 ?? v,;*> tlie ?rst lady be evor I
'.\lt COlllu Ltiuki: him tccl ;'.t eiiSC !M !
r <:\--w he fc*Iviolently inWe with
! c: 'l'y oashfulness; Tinder the sUL- i
- . ? . ' V . ? t i i
* aWi?V. .? .'. ere ? * 11 ^ ?.' ' ^ eoiisent
.?? ; ?? -?:..'.' ?rcr "iiue^room. lm ?
. i ? :rty stt>- . r ! :'t ?i Ci?iC?nnati In?- i
: :;!? :? vT manya weary Hour the :
uio;*iet-ttous moment in a man's ?
k Hfbarnvod for Vrerdant. (hi \w>) j
?'??:? u^spiloda r>yrauad of skirts,, et c.: |
a?d rat ili s.ivlc near tlie head of the
:';? . suiuished eye of Verdant be- !
\: ' .-i .hi which froze his ? ]<"?<.1 with !
1? Tv sr. i ?eso were . I .-e calve:>. false
Ih < ??Ipitat^rs and false hair. In
.?;?.!>!. r of water was a iu?? set of
?ecthj from another a jr?ass eye j
.??;>{ ::i the bcvviidercd bridegroom,
t?.fiv ioniche s?;M'd. Verdant knoweth
a L?ut alter a-while a hollow and !
?. ;e von e from under the bed clothes |
1 " . ? . ~. . i
\ .. ' c:i i.A:i (}Ml>
V\ hv d\>h \ von come to ]><? . clear ?" I
;iSo I would, hut, by heavens, i uhm* ;
know whether to uct into bed or on the
>on'? Marry.?For the benefit of j
aff?r?ig Deniocrat?c humanity, we pro- j
icsrth?ti the ecdored ladies throughout |
he country. shall draw up and siuii a j
fe-ir? that under no cireuinstaces will |
'?.? marry a Democrat. As soon as
iii? h m ."j nplishe^L the harrowing ?ear
hnt now ?csc?uiets the souls of the Dem
?i & v.iii be destroyed, and they will
? no other argument to advance
. vii > toc recopjnit?on of equal politi
vi hen a Democrat has ex
.?.T! ed all his other arguments against
?' equality, he always yells out,
a:U you have ine to marry a uisger?"
liie colored -iris, then, will a -
- ever to marry a Democrat, we will
izuo more oftniscry, and there will ,
- ie ci.t.ur less to talk about during: I
r.ext poetic?i campaign.?AV - i
R; ?..!* '?'?! What shall" we write about ?
Q?r btrul and hands are all full. The wide,
wide world is heaving and surging around
us wir!) the pulsations of a vigorous and ac
tive life, and everybody and everything
seems to be going it on the double-qnick in
pursuit of some unattained, and perchance
unattainable object in the dim if not distant
future. The battle of life waxes warm, and
he ihat wins must wear the heavy harness
and wield the ponderous blade in the thick
; esr fight.
Young America b^pfthe inside track, and
old fogyi: en is distanced on the first round.
The reign of blood and birth and caste is
now limbered among the things that were,
and brains and muscle are tbe only legiti
mate heirs to the vacant throne.
The world m??ves, and Jupiter, Mars nor
ti.e Mercury can't stop it. We have lately
passed through a revolution, and revolution
means change. The late war lias not left
tilings exactly as it found tliem, and the
ante-war States of this country can never
i be reestablished, however much some pec
j pie may desire i*. Jefferson raid that a rev
j olution was necessary every twenty years.
! War has its blessings, and necessary evils
! sometimes d*good. The amputation nf a
! limb is painful, but it sometimes saves the
life of the palien*. Bitter medicines are
often the most effective, and in order to cure
if is sometimes necesiary to aggravate the
disease. The fruits of war are not always
manifest on the return ol* peace. The roll
of the sea that follows the track of the tem
pest is almost as dangerous to the ship as
the violence o? the storm. But- our craft is
safe?the banner of the stars?the flag of
the free, still clutters at the masthead, and
freighted, as we are, with the dearest inter
ests of humanity, we will outride the storm
and reach the port in safety.
The din of arms is over, and the sulphu
rous canopy has been lilted fron? tbc last
bloody field. The cause of hurnani'y tri
umphed, but the war of ideas and princi
ples Still prevails. The arena has been
changed from the battlefield to the hustings.
The (>cn is mightier than the sword an<i ink
instead of blood is now being shed. The
marshaled hosts of freedom will soon meet
at the ballot-box, and the contest will not
long be doubtful, and the principles which
the war established will be s ristai eel at the
polls. To your tents, oh Israel ! Your |
country needs your service*. Heed the cry
and come to the rescue. To the front, every j
man of you, and victory shall be yours. The
eyes of the nation are upon you, and ?
country expects every man to do his duty.
Trust in God and keepyour powder dry.
One of the sublimest sights that we can
conceive of, is a squad of whiskey scented
F. F. of S. C., seated around a grug^ry
s ore at the midnight hour bewailing the
condition of the starving people of this State
the vietimi'of Radical tyrany, when perhaps I
their own families at home have had to ?jo !
to bed at dark to sleep off the hunger and
do not know where food is to come from to ;
supply the demands of the starving little !
We pnblish this week on our first page, a
speech made iu the Constitutional Conven
tion, by I>. H. Chamberlain, Esq., delegate
from Berkely, on t he ordinance invalidating
what, was koown as "negro bonds." We
think the argument conclusive, and the
speech worthy of admiration, alike for its
torce, diction and logic. Mr. Chamberlain
is the candidate of the Republicans for At
torney General, and will do credit to any
position to which the suffrages of Ids fellow
citizens may assign him.
? ?>?*- ?
Let every vote lie oast, on the 1 Ith, l th,
?''?7h, and help make such a majority as no j
State tod t ever had in South Carolina. We i
have th> best men, the best cause, and, if I
we will but do our duty on those days, we
will send such a voie?; to the loyai people of i
this country a : will tell them that South Car
olina is with the party of progress, of Lib
erty, of Justice and o? Law.
No?v is tiie time, go to work and let the
lines be advanced, bring honesty to the I
front and send knar cry to the rear ; make
the* men who are striving to use you, to get
control of the loares and fishes as they term
the n?/rfs: of tin's Slate, take back seats and
1er all shout "Get thee behind me Satan !"
we are for Scott and our new Constitution.
Under what Constitution do the men who
lately met in Columbia, find the office of
Supt. of Education '! Not ike new o?/?, as j
thfjf do noi rec?jnize that ! !N?s it must be j
the o?d one.
Liberty Hall was crowded on Wednesday
evening by the loyal men of Charleston, to
listen to able speeches from Gen. Scott, Gen !
Curacy, Hon. .lohn . Mushington, W. .). !
Wbipper and others: after singing "Our flag J
is there " the audience dispersed.
Vistees of South Carolina your time has
come to vindicate your manhood and to do
your duty te your children, your country
and vourselves, will vou do it. Let Th?rs
day night answer we hear*
See that your tickets have the name of
Gen. R. K. Scott upon them, the next Gov
ernor of South Carolina.
ftt-:?ikm urn to go to the polls next week
and vote for your Constitution and your
State officers. let no man forget his duty on
the I i;h loth and lOta.
The most important issue which has been
presented to the people of South Carolina
for the whole period of her existence asa
Siate, is to bo tried on the ?4th l th and
lGth days of the present month. Kef people
will be called on to say at the hallot-box
whether they accept in good faith the logi
cal results of the late war. Th*y are now
to say whether they were honest in faking
the oath of allegiance to the United State?
Government aft-er the surrender of Lee and
Johnston, and mean to abide by the promise
so sacredly and solemnly made then, or
whether they took that oath with the men
tal reservation to keep so much of it as
should be agreeable to those ideas of the
nature of the United States Government
which produced the war and which the war
was supposed to have exploded. They are
now to say that the surrender meant a sur
render of the theory of State Sovereignty
taught by Southern politicians before the
war: that the sui render meant an acquies
cence in the doctrine that the United States
are a nation whose sovereignty is in the
national government, and not divided among
thirty seven different local governments : or
they are now to say that they cling still
to the theories of Mr. Calhoun, and that no
point which was supposed to be settled by
the war, has really been decided.
They are to say whether they will adopt
and ratify a Constitution which is based on
the doctrine of the equality of all men in
political rights and thus secure for the State
an organic law which shall be in conso
nance with the. principles of the declaration
of independence, or whet her they will re
ject this Constitution and allow the State to
remain for an indefinite period under mili
tary rule.
One of these alternatives must be accept
ed, should the constitution fail of ratifica
tion, showJd thi? people be blind enough to
their .own interests to reject a constitution
against the justice und equity of which no
valid objection can prevail, a constitution
which secures all to the citizens which any
reasonable man can, in the right of past
events, expect the common sence of the Con
gress of the United States, the common
sense of the great majority of the people of
those portions of our country which haVe
been untainted with the guilt of rebellion,
will say that no rule but military rule is
adapted to the state of things thus shown to
exist in the State; and the national author
ities will say and ordain that this people
may wait still longer for restoration to their
practical relations to the Union, wait, in
deed, till returning reason and clearer sight
will enable them to know th? ir true inter
ests, and the just, and reasonable demands
of the country are complied with.
This is the issue. A government by our
selves, for ourselves, with every local inter
est guarded, with every national right and
leyilhnatc Sf<tU right, secured, er a govern
ment by the national arms, in which the will
of one man is the law, and the life acd prop
erty of all men at the disposal of military '
Let no man cherish the 'nope that the Na
tional Legislature, or the people who are
behind the Legislature will waive one jot or
tit tle of the system of safeguards to recon- ;
st ruoti on which has been adopted. Even
granting, what is very unlikely to happen, j
namely, the election of a President and
Congress who are opposed to the present,
system of reconstruction, that Congress will
never undo what has >>een done. No ('on
i:r<?ss will take from the blacks the right
to use the ballot,. No Congress will restore
to these States, prior to t heir admission with
jn the pale of the privileges of full national
relations, the right regulate suffrage.
?he Congress of tue United States unques
tionably had the right to carry on the war
for the preservation of the life of the nation,
?i right inherant in the very nature of gov
ernment itself, a right not requiring to be
w lit ten in charter or statute, but one of
which the nation could by no means dispos
sess itself. If they had the right to strike the
terrible blows which crushed the rebellion, if
they had t he right to declare void and of no
effect the so-called State Governments set up
by rebellions hands in the South, then they
clearly have the right to dictate and decide
on what principles new and valid state gov
ern medi s can be formed, the right to pre
scribe such rules and regulations as hhall
make the national victory effective and com
plete. No constitutional power was ncces
essary to defend the nation ; no constitution
al provision is necessary to save from future
dangers. The nation lives; therefore it has
a right to live. It hasa right tolive ; there
fore it has a right to take such steps as are
in the wisdom of the Congress of the nation
thought necessary to preserve its life.
Away then with all quibbles and sophis
tries about *.hc Constitutional regularity of
the Reconstruction measures. The source
of the power of Congress is higher than the
Constitution. It is in the right of national
Give up bootless opposition and factious
t waddle about oppression. Go and vote for
the new Constitution, and preserve a record
of the day of your vote, that your children
may know when you contributed to the con
summation of that work which shall re
dound more to the fair fame of South Caro
lina than any event in her history.
"Eternal vigilance is the price of liberty."
To the voters then, throughout the State, it
is only necessary to say, "be active, vigi
lant and brave," in the approaching cam
paign, do your whole duty, watch the ene
my, stop your ears to their influences,
keep your eyes on the Republican cause,
and .cast your votes for the Constitution
and jjh? Republican ticket. Colored men
thin of this and vote right.
"Our cause must be intrusted to, and
conducted by, its own undoubted friends,
those whose bands are fiee, whose hearts
are in the woik. who do care for the resuU."
A. Lincoln.
Hon. A. Burl complains that the new Con
stitution provides that the pcrrsons who own
the properly of the State shall pay alHhe
taxes, and those who own no property ghalh
have all the votes : in other words that the
tax payers are rfwfranchised and the non-tax
payers are enfranchised.
Now, what are the facts? ?he new Con
stitution disfranchises tke same classes as \
are disfranchised by the Reoonstrufetion
acts and no more. The number of disfran
chised persons in the State, who were for
merly entitled to the right to vote and to
hold office, can by no possibility exceed
3,000, and probably fal?s short of that figure.
There are at least nine tenths of all the
white men in the State on whom no disquali
fication has been placed either by the acts
of Congress or by the new Constitution.
The d?sfranchisez?ent is the result of politi
cal crime. The parties affected by it are
those who would certainly be liable to be
tried for their treason, had not the magna
nimity of the National Government \vaived
its clear prerogatives. They hold their prop
erty [which was justly forfeited to the in
jured nation] and they are protected in
their personal rights. Their political rights
alone have been taken away temporarily
They have been allowed to print and talk in
the spirit of treason, not merely during nos
tili ties, but since they laid down arms
and said they "accepted the situation."
Now, it has never heretofore been thought
insonsistent with the maxim at the head of
this article, that the inmates of mad houses,
jails aDd penitentiaries should be excluded
from the right of suffrage. The convicts
and unfortunates who dwell in those insti
tutions do not elect their own representa
tives, but since the community has been
obliged to assume their guardianship and
support, the community represents their
interests in representing its own. So in
this case these disfranchised parties h?ve
by their own action been shown to be not
only unsafe guardians of the public inter
ests, unfaithful representatives of the will
of the people, but unfit even to be charged
with their own interests. The community
at large will represent them, and will dis
pense with their services as voters, or as
public officers, till such time as they shall
have abandoned the pernicious doctrines
which have brought ruin not only to.them
selves but. to the whole body politic. They .
will be required to pay that, proportion of
the taxes which is commensurate with their
property, and should be very tbajfcful if a
loyal government is satisfied with a tithe of
that which disloyal traitors have been al
lowed by that government, to retain.
But is it a fact that the whole property
of the State is held by those who are dis
franchised ? If so, it shows to what a state
of things these wise men had brought the
people of South Carolina. Three thousand
property holders, seven hundred thousand
paupers ! Is that the result of the system of
society and labor you have heard vaunted
so much ? If so, "t ell it not in Gath, pub
lish it not in the streets of Askolon." If
that had been believed by the Congress of
the United States, if they bad supposed that
the wealth of South Carolina had been ex
clusively in the hands of those who had
turned traitors to the Government, what
reasonable man could have blamed them if
they had passed a sweeping act, declarin
the forfeiture of every particle of that prop
erty ? Confess that all the wealth of the
State is in the hands of the enemies of the
Government ; then reflect that that proper
ty still remains in its original owners hands
and say if you should not forever hereafter
hold your peace, except, when you open
your mouth in repentant gratitude for the
sparing mercy of a magnanimous nation.
But such is not the fact. The crimes of
slavery and the administration of a slave
holding oligarchy do not show so black a
record as this. The wealth of this State is
not wholly in disloyal hands; and the dis
franchised Iwill not by any means pay the
bulk of the taxes. Yet so far as they will
pay them they do no more than it is right
arid just that they should pay ; and the loyal
people will see that that the disloyal and
disfranchised arc represented in such away
that, even they shall not be the subject of
tyranny, however much they have sinned
against the weal of the State in the past,
however persistently they obstruct the right
in the present.
We hope the Republican party of the
United States will, after the election of Gen.
Grant to the Presidency, an event of which
there is now no doubt, confer some reward
on those who have served its cause so well
as Ex-Provincial Governor Perry, Hon. A.
Burt, and others of that ilk. It has become,
the rule in American politics that "to the
victors belong the spoils," and to him who
has most largely contributed to the victory,
justice requires that the largest reward
should be given, provided it is consistent
with the true interests of the country.
While, therefore, we would not assert that
B. F. Perry will be surely entitled to th?
first prize under Gen. Grant's administra
tion, since the consideration of the public
good will form a chief element in the be
stowal of patronage under his rule, yet we
gratefully recognize Ex-Governor Perry's
earnest efforts in our cause, and regret that
his limited capacity should stand in the way
of his more efficient aid.
It may seem improper to some of our Re
publican friends to thank thus publicly one
who is reckoned a prominent opponent of
our party opinions and party policy. But
we do not desire to be narrow orilliberal in
our views, and are willing to admit that
good things can come out of Nazareth.
Though it is perhaps certain that Mr. Perry
as one of the instigators of the late Conven
tion at Colombia, did ot intend to help the
Republican cause, wefeel &tre that his effort
is worth to us at least two thousand votes ;
and if Mr;: Buri, with 14s sententious and
polished rbetoFre-wou?^nsentto repeat in
our principal towns his views of Ftate and
National policy, he should not only receive
thanks ^-inosex^ of
th?rBepub?ican party of the Country.
We regret exceedingly that Mr. Perry
aft?Mr.'Burt could not have been sent to
Connecticut as Campaign Speakers. Their
very clear and satisfactory views of the true
condition of the States of the South since
the waT, their thorough appreciation of the
logical results, of the revolution, and the
amiable and tractable spirit in which they
?'accept the situation," with their willing
ness to give to the negro a "qualified suf
frage,'* their self-abnegation, their modes
ty, their love of the constitution, (as they
understand it) might have satisfied the
voters of that perverse community, what the
actual state of political sentiment really is,
among the intelligent effete aristocracy of
this ancient commonwealth at least it would
harmonize with the Rev. Petroleum V. Nas
by's views of sound poliey. But such is the
obliquity of vision of the Republican party,
that in their perverseness of heart they
would be confirmed in their notions. They
would eventhink that Messrs Perry and
Bart were in their proper persons the best
possible evidence in favor of retaining all
test oaths, all disfranchising clauses in con
stitutions, all penal provisions for disloyal
ty. And, with that perversity of heart
which Messrs Perry and Burt believe to
permeate the Republican party, the j would
have changed the majority in Connecticut
from the Democratic to the Republican
We regret that we are unable to give our
special attention to various other members
of th? late Convention, as they all deserve
well of us. They are men for whom we have
always entertained the highest personal re
gard ; we now tender them our political
Solomon says the fashions of this world
pssseth away. The Israelites, after they
had fled from Egyptian bondage, when hard
times pressed them in the wilderness, longed
for the f??sh-pots of Egypt. Lot's wife
looked back as she was escaping from lae
burning plains of Sodom. Many at the
present day are prone to look back and lin
ger around the grave of some dead idol?
some cherished child of memory?some
blighted Eden of other days.
Among other things- which met an un
timely end ia the late rebellion, is ostra
cism for opinions sake. A man can now be
respected in South Carolina, and choose his
own side in politics. ?hough some feeble
attempts from the force of habit, may still
be made to apply the political thumb-screw,
and iron bedstead, yet it will fail most sig
nally. Bowie was killed by his own knife,
and the man who invented the guillotine
lost his own head by it, and let the would-bc
tyrants of the present day profit by their ex
ample. The effort to make the word "Rad
ical" synonimous with rogue, rascal and
renegade, will not be altogether as success
ful in the present as in the past. The blows
of proscription for opinions sake will re
bound fearfully upon the heads of those who
may strive to inflict them. The public mind
and conscience and faith have heen eman
cipated, and a man can now read, judge and
act for himself without the fear of mobs,
dark lanterns or vigilance committees. Po
litical monopolies lie in dust and ashee
among the wreck and ruin of the dead and
buried past, and can never be revived. The
star-chamber is abolished, and the seces
sionists, the Democrats and the Devil, with
all their powers combined, can never bring
it up from the deep, dark grave to which
the unfettered will of a free people has con
signed it. forever.
The country is redeemed, and the man
hood of humanity is asserted and vindica
ted. We can now sit under our own politi*
cal vine and fig tree, and no one dare to hin
der, molest or make us afraid. The success
of no political party, be it Whig, Democrat,
Copperhead or Republican, can ever resu
rect the dead past, or bring back the ante
bellum ssatum of South Carolina. It has
gone and gone forever, glimmering through
the dream ef things that were. Richard of
fered hi kingdom for a horse, but a vote now
is worth more than a horse as the bone and
sinew can walk so the polls especially ?n
the eve of an election, the opinions of the
Mercuri/ and the Police Gazette to the con
trary notwithstanding, par nobile fratum.
Shakespeare fallacy is exploded?the civili
zation of the age, and the march of mind have
wiped out the footprints it left on the sands
of time. There is something in a name, and
a rose, by any other name, would not smell so
sweet, especially on the eve of an election.
Music hath charms to soothe the savage
breast, and the cohorts of freedom are march
ing on to victory by the music of the spheres,
set to the tune of "Rally round the flag boys.
We want something grand, gloomy and pecu
liar, especially on the eve of an election, and
we are going to have it, so mote it be.
Already your leaders have driven away
all capital and credit from the South, and
while they draw eleven dollars a day, thou
sands among you are thrown out of employ
ment, and starve, simply, for want of work
"As the natural consequence, we find theii
industry paralyzed, their credit destroyed,
confidence gone, property worthless, hostile
feeling engendered between races, and po
litical chaos, reigning in the place of order
and security."?Extract from Mr. W. D.
Kellys speech in the condition of the South.
It is proper that I should admit that
something of this depression is due to the
resistance leading men of the South present
to her constitutional restoration to the Union
and the hostility the baser sort of her neo
ple exhibit toward northern settlers.
Darlington. April . 1868.
To the Editor of the Free Pressait was rc
good fortune to be present on the 8th ins:,
at Kingstree at one of the largest gather
ings of the Republicans of Williamsburg that
has yet assembled. Mr. S. A. Swails pre
sided at the meeting in a very happy and
able manner, and introduced as the first
speaker Mr. E. W.M. Mackey of Charleston
who in a few brief remarks enjoined upon
every voter to do his whole duty in the ap
proaching election. Mr. M?s remarks were
very well received, and he was succeeded
by Mr. Sawyer of Charleston who held the
attention of the rast audience enchained for
over an hour by a lucid, logical and bril
liant exposition of the complete power of
Congress over the whole subject of recon
struction, closing with an earnest and im
passioned appeal to all right thinking men
to come forward and join in the glorious
work of placing the State where she could
resume her proper place in the" Union and
begin a career of prosperity and civilizat ion
without parallel in her history. There was
quite an assemblage of the old states-rights
pro-slavery element on the out-skirts of the
crowd who listened with profound attention
and who evidently felt that the speaker told
some home truths, which though unwelcome
to their ears may yet give them food for in
quiry as to whether they are not making a
mistake in clinging so tenaciously to their
old notions.
Hon. B. F. Wittemore, candidate for Con
gress from this District then took up the ar
gument and explained with great force and
clearness many of the provisions of the new
Constitution. Mr. Wittemore is a capital
stump speaker, and was very effective with
i his audience. Besides he is on the right
?side; and if elected to Congress, as he un
idoubtedly will be, will show that it does not
necessarily require a native Carolinian to
.represent truly and faithfully the iateres.ts
!ef South Carolina in that body.
Considerable commotion was produced in
jthe village by the speeches, though there
iwae no disturbance, and the best order pre
jvailcd. But after the close of the Republi
can meeting, Gen. Harllee, once a Hebel
jLiet. Governor of Sonth Carolina held forth
for the cause of Democracy from the Court
jHouse steps toa small crowd of sympathi
zers with those enlightened patriots Vallan
dingham, Fernando Wood and Andrew
Johnson. But be up hill was word. The
numbers are on our side, the argument is on
our side, humanity is on ourside, and God is
on our side.
R. W. E.
Florexcr, S. C. April 8, 1868.
Mr. Editor.?The Republicai s of this place
held a larged and enthusiastic meeting last
evening. They are alive and awake to the
importance of the work which is to be done
next week. Fi very man is up and doing.
They were pretty thoroughly aroused before,
but a strong, sensible and logical speech
made last ^ight by F. A. Sawyer, Esq., of ?
your city, has given them renewed cour
age and determination and you may expect
to hear good news from us on the days of
election. God speed the right.
EDWARD LUCAS, President.
James Stebbens Secretary.
A correspondent of the Bucks county, Pa.,
Intelligencer, writing from Germany, gives
the following picture of the lower classes in
that country. He says :
The peasantry of the Continent have any
thing but an easy life compared with the in
telligent laboring classes in our own happy
country. With us improved machinery
lightens the toil of field labor, and tends to
elevate the man, while his consciousness of
being an integral part of the body politic,
gives him an individual improvement which
leads to self-improvement. In Europe, on>
the other hand, agricultural laborers are
not much more than serfs of the soil, with
out education or ordinary intelligence, and
without prospect, or apparent desire, to be
other than what they are. I have p.een them
toiling with poorly constructed mattocks or.
grubbing-hoes chopping up the surface of
broad fields, because of the want of a plough
or spade. And incredible as it may appear
the use of the spade, or of one so construc
ted as to be of any value, is entirely un
known in many districts, its place being
supplied by a sort of heavy hoe. Of course
this remark does not apply to England, nor
the "green isle," where the spade is the
emblem of an Irishman, and efficiently and
usefully does he wield it be he where he
may. It is by reason of the great number
of small landholders, and consequently poor
ones, that approved agricultural machinery
has not been widely introduced upon the
Continent, as it is in England and wirh u;.
Yet even in default of this the product of ail
crops in Germany is greater per'acre, tak
ing all things in consideration, than in ei
ther England or America. The German
peasantry when at their work are dressed
in the style of bygone days?the men in
knee-breeches, black stockings, wooden
shoes, and, ifin cold weather, in long black
coats reaching to the ground. The women
in stiff bodices, skirts falling to the knee,
and black stockings, if any, but generally
without, and with wooden shoes like the
men. They are coarse and earthy in all
things, yet arc happ^in their way, as it is
easy to perceive by their love of music and
dancing, which they gratify to the fullest
on all occasions ; assembling in the towns
and hamlets with gay, flaunting ribbons,
garlands of flowers, branches of trees, any
thing and everything to make a change
from everyday life. We in America do n?c
see the lowest classes among the emigrant*
from the different countries in Europe, for
they, the lower classes, are so ignorant,
poor and ambition?ess that they remain
where they are, vegetate during lifo an~
die onry to make room for successors of
similar type. I have never seen half the ig
norance at home among the new arrivals
from Ireland that I have seen in the boutn
ern portion of that unfortunate and discon
tented island, and the German emigrant*
in Western Pennsylvania and the Western
States, whom we sometimes hear spoken o
as thick-headed Dutchmen, are philosophers
compared with the masses in centra. aD
Southern Germany.

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