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Dr. Frederick Cook, of Br<
Reaches Pole April 2 Point Where With G From Side to Si Now York, Special.-"Successful. Well. Address Copenhagen. "FRED." Full of menning, if "successful" were interpreted to indicate that he had reached the North Pole, the fore going calle message, exasperating in its briefness, was received in New York Wednesday from Dr. Frederick A. Cook, (he American explorer, whom (lie latest cable advices credit with having accomplished what no man ever did. It was intended for Mrs. Cock, who was not at home. Wcdns^doy's message from Dr. Cool: io Iiis wife was dated at Ler wick, Shetland islands, tho first avail able print of transit in the regular ? steamship course between Greenland ports and Copenhagen, whither he is bound. Because of its briefness the assumption is that the message was sent primarily to assure his wife of ' his safety and not to apprise the world of his discovery. The following seems a second bit ; of information : i ' Brussels, Sept. 1.-The observatory here received the following telegram dated Lerwick, Shetland islands: "Reached North Pole April 21, ? 1908. Discovered land far north. Rc- > turn to Copenhagen by steamer Hans Egede. (Signed) ' "FREDERICK COOK." The American officials at thc ob- 1 senator;,' slate the dispatch is surely 1 authentic and that the North Pole has ' been readied for the first time by an < American. .. < Tlie Paris edition of Thc New ?ork 1 Herald Thursdnv morning publishes I a signed statement from Dr. Fred- ] erick A. Cook, which is dated "Hans Egede, Lerwick, "Wednesday," on his I experiences in the A relic regions. I "Af 1er a prolonged fight with 1 famine and frost," says Dr. Cook, < "wo have at-last snoot led in reach- \ ing the Norf h Pole. A new highway, i with au interesting strip of animated .nature, has been explored rfnd big ' game haunts located, which will de- I light sportsmen and extend the Eski- I mo horizon. I "Land has boon discovered on 1 which rests the earth's northernmost j rocks. A triangle of .10,000 square i miles has been cut out of the fer- 1 rest ?al unknown. The expedition < was the outcome of a summer cruise in the Arctic seas on the schooner I Bradley, which arrived at the limits I of navigation in Smith sound late in 1 August, 1907. Here conditions were i found to launch a venture to thc pole. I J. R. Bradley liberally supplied from i his vessel suitable provisions for lo- i cal use. My own equipment for, < emergencies served well for every J purpose in the Arctic. i On Feb. 19. 1908, Hue main exped?- I tion embarked on its voyage to the 1 polo. Tl consisted of ll men and 103 I dogs drawing eleven heavily laden ? sledges. The expedition left thc Greenland shore and pushed west- i ward over the troubled ice of Smith ; sound. The gloom of the long night i was relieved only hy a few hours of ? daylight. The chill of thc winter was felt at its worst. As we crossed the heights of Ellesmere sound to tho Pacific slope the temperature sank to I minus 811 centigrade. Several dogs were froren and Ihr. men suffered severely hut we soon found the game trails ulong which the way was easy. We forced through I Nansen sound lo Lands End. In this ! mardi we secured 101 musk oxen, seven bears and 335 hares. "We pushed out into Polar sea from tho southern point of Herbert Island on March 18. Six Eskimos returnde from here. With four mer. and 46 dogs moving supplies for 80 day?, the crossing of the circum polar pack was begun. Three days i later two other Eskimos, forming tho i last supporting party, returned and ; thc trials had now been reduced by the survival of the fittest. "There befoi-e us in an unknown linc of 460 miles lay our goal. Thc first days provided long marches and We made encouraging, progress. A ENTHUSIASTIC RECEPTION 1 Copenhagen, By Cable.-Dr. Fred erick A. Cook's credit stands so high with Danish polar experts that the first message announcing his suc cess io reaching the North Pole, meagre as P. was, was accepted as conclusivo, < itmmoriore Hovgord said Thursday: "I believe the message is true because Dr. Cook is most trust worthy and opposed to ali exaggera tions." C. A. Danielson, an officiai >f the Greenland administration depart ment, who is wrll acquainted willi hil THREE DEAD AS RESULT OF Rending, Pa., Special.-An automo bile in which were riding William L. Graul and wife, of Temple, Pa., and Dr. and Mrs. Samuel E. Schlegel, of this city, was struck by a Pennsyl vania Railroad train at Douglasville ? near here Wednesday afternoon and all but Dr. Schlegel were killed. The train was running at high speed when the collision occurred and the ma chine was thrown some distance down ! aa embankment. Mr. and Mrs, Graul j ILE IS POUND )oklyn, Wins tho Goal I, 1908 -Land at tho >ne Step You Pass do of the Earth. big lead, which separated the land l'rqui the icc of tho central pack, was crossed with little delay. Thc low temperature was persistent and tho winds made lii'cTa torture. Rut coop ed up in our snow houses,, eating dried beef tallow and drinking hot tea, there was some animal comforts occasionally to be gained. "For several days after the sight of known land was lost, the overcast! sky prevent cd an accurate determina tion of our position. On March 30 thc horizon was partly cleared and now land was discovered. Our ob servations gave our position as lati tude 84.47, longitude 80.30. There was urgent need of rapid advance. Our main mission did not permit a detour for the purpose of exploring thc coast. Here were seen thc last signs of solid earth; beyond there was nothing stable to be seen. "We advanced steadily over the monotony of moving sea-ice and now found ourselves beyond the range of nil life-neither footprints of bears nor the blow-holes of seals were de tected. Even the microscopic creat ures of the deep were no longer under us. The maddening influence of tho shifting desert of frost became al most unendurable in the daily rou tine. The surface of the pack offer ed less and less trouble and the weather improved, but there still re mained the life-sapping wind which drove desair to its lowest recess. The extreme cold compelled action. Thus :lay after day our weary legs spread aver big distances. Incidents and positions were recorded, but adven ture was proudly forgotten in the aext day's efforts. "The irght of April 7 was made notable bj' thc swinging of the sun at midnight over thc northern ice. Sun burns and frost bites were now re corded on the same ?lay, but the louble day's glitter infused quite an incentive into one's life of shivers. "Our observation April G placed the camp in latitude 8(?.3G, longtitudo t)4.2. In spite of what seemed long marches wc advanced but little over \ hundred miles. Much of our work ivas lust in circuitous twists, around troublesome pressure lines and high irregular fields. A very old ice drift, too, was driving eastward with suffi aient force to give some anxiety. "Although still equal to about fifty miles daily? tho extendedt?laT?SleV und thc long hours for traveling with which fortune favored us earlier were no longer possible. "We were now ibout 200 miles from the pole and sledge loads were reduced. One dog after another went into the stomachs Df Hie hungry survivors until the Learns were considerably diminished in number, but lhere seemed to re main a sufficient balance for man and brute to push along into the heart of the fays tory to which we had set our selves. "On April 21 we had readied 89 ilcgrces 50 minutes 40 seconds. The pole was in,sight. We covered the remaining fourteen seconds and made ii few final observations. I told l?t uk ?shook and A h welsh (the accom panying Eskimos) that' we liad reach ed the "great nail.' Everywhere we turned was south. With a single step we could pass from one side of the earth lo the other; from midday to midnight. At last the Hag floated to the breeze at the pole, lt was April 2i, 1908. The tem ??era tuve was minus 38 centigrade, barometer 20.83, lati tude 00; as for the longitude it was nothing, as it was bul a word. "Although crazy with joy our spirits began to undergo a feeling of weariness. Next day after taking all Our observations, a sentiment of in tense solitude penetrated us while we looked- at the horizon. Was it pos sible that this desolate region, with out a patch of earth, had aroused the ambition of so many men for so many centuries? There was no ground, emly an immensity of dazzling white snow, no living being, no point to break the frightful monotony. "On April 23 we started on our re turn." ?S PLANNED FOR DR. COOK in Greenland, said: "When Dr. Cook says that he reached the North Pole there can be no doubt about it. His scientific discoveries will prove that." A committee under the presidency of the minister of commerce has been formed to arrange a fitting re ception to the intrepid explorer on his arrival at Copenhagen. Dr. Maurice F. Egan, thc American minister, was aboard a special steamer that was sent out by the Royal Georgraphieal Society Prw?ny lo meet Dr. Cook, who is on his way hero on Hie steamer Hans Egerte. AUTO CLASH WITH TRAIN and Mrs. Schlegel were dead when picked up and Dr. Schlegel was un able to move, both legs having been broken. Almost simultaneously with the collision of the automobile, the gasoline tank exploded and the wreckage took fire. The clothing of the victims -./as ignited and had the bodies not been removed promptly they would have been burned. Dr. Sohlegel was conscious and gave the names of his companions. OR. COOK ISJNTERVIEWED Reached Pole at 7 O'clock in tho Morning-His Success Due to Old Methods, Esquimos and Dogs. Skag?n, Denmark, By Cable.-A newspaper correspondent who went on hoard the Hans Egedc from tho pilot steamer off here was able to ob tain a few words with Dr. Frederick A. Cook. The explorer ascribed his success to the fact that he made use of the old methods, namely, Eskimos and dogs, and that ho lived like an Eskimo himself. Tho doctor theu^. gave a hurried sketch of his expedid tion in which he said: . "Going northward I struck first a westerly coiu'se from Greenland and then moved northward. "I arrived at thc North Pole April 21, 1908, as already announced, ac companied by only two Eskimos. "We reached the Pole at 7 o'clock in tho morning. "I took daily observations for a whole fortnight before arriving at the Pole. "Returning wo wore forced to take a more weasterly route and' the (irst ten days I look observations daily and recorded them. I was unable to measure the depth of thc seas as I had not the necessary instruments. "The lowest temperature was 83 degrees centigrade below zero. "I have ample proof that I reach ed tho North Pole in tlie observations I took, which alford a certain means of checking the truth of my state ments. "Although I am proud of my achievement in planting the American ?Ug on the North Pole, I look with .nudi greater pride to the fact that I traveled around mare than thirty thousand spore miles of hitherto un known ground, and opened up nu en tirely fresh field for exploration." The Hans Egedc was met in the North sea by the pilot steamer Polar Bear, aboard which was Captain Am drup, the well-known polar explorer, who was sent as a special representa tive of the Danish government to welcome Dr. Cook. As the vessels ap proached each other. Captain Am drup led the cheers for thc American explorer. Will America Claim the Pole. Washington, Special.-Thc ques tion on many tongues in Washington since the announcement of the dis covery of the north pole, by Dr. Cook, an American, has been "Will the United States claim thc north pole by right of discovery." The State Department refuses to r.nswer the question, claiming that it lias no official report of the discovery and therefore cannot discuss the sub ject. Those who are informed, how ever state that when Dr. Cook re turns to. tbjg eouulcy-apd^estaJ^hcH the fact that he has discovered the' pole, and describes tho nature of tihe place, the "United States will un doubtedly claim tlie pole as a pos session. " There is much, however, to be de termined before this can bo done, for it- must bc established that there is land at the pole separate and dis tinct from other land contiguous to. it. If it is proven that the pole is on a continent or island, thc United States can, by right of discovery, claim possession. But it may turn out to he but a part of Greenland or of some hind contiguous to it. The boundaries of British America do not extend ns far north as the pole, but there may bc mainland, such as Greenland, which is Danish pro perty, near enough for it to helen; io that country. It is understood here that there must he land at or near the pole which is disconnected from and not contiguous to territories belonging to other nations in order for the United States to assert a valid claim io sov ereign it y. A vast i< ? field may create a doubt as to liv existence of such laud, and if this ice field overlies a part of thc Artic Ocean, the region would doubt less ?e classed with the high seas and thus be international rather than na tional property. So many unknown quantities enter into the case that the question of sovereignty cannot be settled unless Dr. Cook, when he returns, can give d?finit? and detailed information con cerning the region. Inasmuch as the frozen area is apparently of no value commercially, it is not con sidered likely '-hat serious inter j' national complications will arise. Library Burns. Toronto, Special.-Fanned by a high wind, fire Wednesday afternoon swept the west wiug of the parlia ment buildings in Queens Park, to tally destroying the library with its collection of 100,000 books and do ing damage which is conservatively estimated ai $200.000. The blaze started on the first floor of the west wing and made its way rapidly to the roof, where the flames "mushroomed" and threatened for a time to destroy the housekeeper's quaiters in the northwestern corner and the executive chamber. Bandit Holds Up Citizen. Lewiston, Pa., Special.-A lone highwayman, believed to be the man who robbed the Pennsylvania Rail road train near here several nights ago held up a prominent citizen and his family late Friday afternoon on a publis road not for from the place where the tram robbery was commit ted, and it is believed the capture of the bandit is a matter of but a few hours. The man held up was Robert F. Little. ???tt'?i**^.? DR. COOK LIONIZED | - i His Story Tully Credited and He is j Showered With Honors-King j Frederick Has Him to Dinner and S eaU Him on His Right Hand. j Copenhagen, By Cable.-"Once is enough for any man. I will never re turn to the North Pole. A Bingle ex perience I have just passed through will suffice for a life time." This was practically the first I ansWer of Dr. Frederick Cook, the discoverer of the North Pole, to a vol ley of questions fired at him by a reg iment of newspaper men who boarded tho Hans Egede as she steamed into tlie harbor at 9 :!10 o'clock Saturday morning. ( Dr. Cook admits that thc nature of thc moving ice covereing the site of the pole will probably remove (IKS evi dences Ito (oft there April 21 and 22, 1908, but lie state: that Iiis records of observations when presented lo scientific men will wipe out all scepti cism. Ile says he first planted a staff on the sit<? of the pole and then raised the American Hag. "There, on that God forsaken spot realized as never I before the menning of patriotism and the love of the flag." Seeing thai the flag would lu? whipped to shreds by the wind he took it down and plac ed it in a brass cylinder wlpch he placed on the staff. Dr. Cook said he spent practically nil of two days taking observations. He had a sextant, pocket watch, three chronometers, and "more modern in struments than were ever used by an explorer hi the extreme North. I verified all observations carefully and am confident that accuracy and com pleteness ol' the record will satisfy the scientific world." The entire population of the city seemed to be at the pier with thous ands who journeyed from all over Europe. For 15 minutes thc crowd cheered wildly. Dr. Cook was overcome by emo tions; tears welled in his eyes. "1 never expected such a demonstra tion," he said, "lt seems too much for what T have done." King Frederick asked for a call from him. To (he reply l?.at he had no clothing suitable for the King.5, presence the King asked him to call in his limiting garb which he did. The banquet Saturday evening was held in the magnificent municipal building. Four hundred persons, many ot them ladies, attended. President Taft congratulated Dr. ?Se?l flu,or>fitfrmgty-Trr^-cafbiegram. A Copenhagan dispatch of Sunday says Dr. Frederick A. Cook dined Saturday evening with King Freder ick at thc snnimer palace a few miles outside of Copenhagen. The King invited him to meet him only after having the government make the closest possible investiga tion into the merits ?if his story. All tlie Danish explorers were asked to give their opinions of Dr. Cook's claims before the audience was grant ed and their verdict was unanimous ly in his favor. Thc dinner was entirely tho result of the King's personal opinion re garding the explorer, who had thc sent iiii the King's nulli. an honor which Dares cannot remember having been accorded another private person In answering the many questions put to him he said : "Yon ask my impression on reach ing the Pole. Lei me confes?. T was disappointed. Man is a child droam ing of prodigies. T had reached the Pole and now ai fl moniert when I should have been thrilled with pi'Mo and joy 1 was invaded with a sud den fear of the dangers and suffer, ings of tlie return. On approaching the Pole he said the. icy phi in (cok on animated mo tion as if rotating on an invisible pivot. "A great fissure then opened up behind," !:o added, "and it seemed <is if we were isolated from the world. My two Eskimos threw themselves at my feet and bursting into tears, re fused to continue either ono way or j another, so paralyzed were they with j fear. Nevertheless I calmed them and we resumed our journey. Lofty Observatory on Mount Whitney Nearly Ready For Use. Washington, Special. - Scientists soon will have placed at their dis posal for use the highest meteorolo gical and astronomical observatory on the American continent, lt is situ ated on the top of Mount Whitney, California, 14,000 feet above thc sea level. Pea I ?zing the value for effec tive nod progressive natronomieal and meteorological work of an obser- 1 vatory far above tho clouds and free from thc dust and smoke near great cities, the Smithonian Institute de cided to build a suitable laboratory no Mount Whitney. Trying to Catch the Villains. Newcastle, Pa., Special.-Over a hundred men, all members of Slate, railway or private criminal-catching organizations are hore trying to dis cover the person or persons who early Saturday pulled spikes Trom a sixty foot rail on the Baltimore & Ohio, railroad, ditching the Royal Blue tiver j en route from Now York to Chicago, killing two persons and injuring seventeen others, kw. WASHINGTON NOTES The contract for supplying 3,487, 000,000 postal cards to lite Post?nico Department during tho four years beginning January 1, 3010, was ?warded Tuesday by Postmaster Con ara! Hitchcock to tho government printing office, which submitted the lowest bid, $9.14.717.05. By selecting a stock of lighter but limier quality, the Postollice Department expects io provide for the public a better card at less expense to the irov/>rmrient. The saving will be effected in the re duced "traveling expenses" of che postal card, because of lighter weight on thc various journeys it make?; from the time it leaves Hie manufacturez until it reaches the "ultimate con sumer." The Pasfmaster General in all prob ability, will change the tint of the card as well as tho color of the ink used in printing, in order to make the card more artistic. This, however has not yet been determined. T!ie Maryland Steel Company ot Sparrow's Point submitted tito lowest bid at the Navy D?partirent l'or con structing the naval collier authorized by Hie last Congress at a cost not. tc exceed $000.000. The company sub milted two bids. Hie lower bein? $889,000, tho higher hid being 040,". 200. Through tho Stale Department, Acting Secretary ol' thc Navy Win throp has received $14,000 from th? Panania ?government, paid by it aa money reparation in the cases involv ing the maltreatment of American naval officers and seamen al th* hands of the police of that republic. Of this amount $5,000 is indemnity in what is known as the cruiser Colum bia incident, when several officers in uniform were arrested, locked up and roughly handled in Colon on .limo 1. 1000. The assault, it is declared, was' entirely unprovoked. One hundred dollars in bills, en closed between two pieces of paste board, was found in an unclaimed letter opened Saturday in thc dead letter division of the Postollice De partment. Tlie envelope contained no message or writing ol' any kind that would disclose thc name or ad dress of the sender. The envelope was mailed in Host on to an address in New York, but tho person to whom it was addressed could not be found. Kooseters in the District of Col umbia have little to crow over. The fricassee is threatening them. The local itu! hoi il ies have started a campaign to put into effect a strin gent regulation having in view t lie banishment of Ibis peace disturber and sleep destroyer. This regula tion requires flint a person desiring to include a rooster as an adjunct to his hennery must first gel a per mit, wliich is granted only on the condition thnt the owner present a petition hearing the consent and sig nature of a majority of the neigh bors in the same square. The keep ing of nil sorts of poultry, except pigeons, lins likewise been partially restricted. Siam's natives as students of the Riiilc fire beginning to attract at tention, as is indicated by the state ment ol' Yico-Consul-Gonornl Hansen, of Bankok, that 48,000 copies of dif ferent parts of the Bible in the Siamese lamruaire were sold last year. Mr. Hansen is especially im pressed with the fa.-l that tho in habitants ol' Siam, as a general rule, are eager to see and learn and are very good students. The Postollice Department will place an additional boat in the ocean mail transfer service in New York harbor, because of the great increase in foreign mail. The steamer .lohn Lennox will assist the steamer Post master-General in making Hie mail transfers. All South American liners as well as steamers from European ports will he met at quarantine and relieved ol' their mail. State Department officials and monikers of Hie diplomatie corps in Washington are keenly interested in the revolution which has developed in Greece. Newspaper reports of confirmed official .ulvices received at tho State Department from George Moses, the new Minister to Greece. The census department needs three thousand clerks, stenographers and typewriters to handle the Washing ton end of thc new census. As the result of the passage of the new census law civil service examinations for these positions must be held in thc various States. The census bu reau designated October 23 as the day or holding thc examinations for the 3,000 positions. More than $300,000 will bc added to Uncle Sam's annual income by the collection of thc tariff on foreign built yachts, which became effective Thursday. The customs division of the Treasury Department will collect the tax. Assurance of an abundant supply of wholesome oysters during the pres ent newly opened season is given by Dr. IT. F. Moore, expert on oysters and assistant of the United States Bureau of Fisheries, who returned Thursday from an extended and ex haustive investigation of the oyster beds of Maryland and Virginia. Special arrangements have been made by the Secretary of State for the reception and entertainment of Prince and Princess Khiiyoshi Kuni, of Japan, who are on.their way to the United States, where the prince will he the personal representativo of the Emperor of Japan, his grand father, at Hie Hudson-Fulton cele bration in New York City the latter part of September. AFTER DOCTORS FAILED Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegeta? ble Compound Cured Her. Willimantic, Conn.-"For live years I suffered untold agony from foina le troubles, causing backache, irregular! ties, dizziness and nervous prostra tion. It was impossible foi me to walk upstairs without slopping on tim way. I tried three differ ent doctors and each told nie some thing different. I meei ved no bono tit froui any of them, hut scorned to suf fer moro. The last doctor said noth ing would restore _._ . _ my health. 1 began taking Lydia K. J'inkhnm's Vegetable Compound to son what it would do. and I am restored to my natural health."-Mrs. KTTA DONOVAN, JJOX 2U9, Willimantic, Conn. The success of Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound, made from roots and herbs, is unparalleled. It may bo used with perfect confidence by women who suffer from displacements, inflam mation, ulceration, fibroid tumors, ir regularities, periodic pains, backache, bearing-down feeling, flatulency, indi gestion, dizziness, or nervous prostra tion. For thirtyyenrs Lydia Tv. Finkham'a Vegetable Compound has been the standard remedy for female ills, and suffering women owe it to themselves to at least Rive this medicine a trial. Proof is abundant that it has cured thousands of others, and why should it not cure you? We Offer An Interest In 12 Proven Mines WQ have acquired 12 Colorado mines on one mountain which have produced ?2,000,000.00. When former operators reached water its acids destroyed their pumps, compelling operations to cease. We shall drain out water by tunnel and have millions above. For financial assistance in driving our tunnel will take persons in with us who write immediately, in subscriptions of S50.00 up to $1,000.00. WRITE NATIONAL AAINING.& TUNNELC LYNCHBURG, VA. Perhaps So. Train]): "Ves, nunn, de way we travels about on do freight oars is very dangerous. I may say we car ries our lives in our hands." Housekeeper (sarcastically): "And so you never wash your hands for fear of drowning yourselves, is that it.??-From I ho Host tm Transcript. For HEADACHE- Hick** < A ei nnn Whether from Colds, lieut. Stomach or Nervous Troubles. Caimdlne will relieve you. It.'s liquid-pleasant to take-acts immedi ately. Try it, 10c., 26c, and 50c at dru? ?toras. No Doubt. Little Willie : "Say, pa, what is a genius f' Pa: "A genius, my boy, is a per son whom nature lets in on the ground lloor. but whom circumstances force to live in an attic.''-From tho Chicago News. So. 37"'09. Everyone ought to measure him self by Iiis own projier foot and stan dard.-Dutch. NEW STKKNC?TH FOU WOMEN'S BAD HACKS. Women who suffer with backache, bearing down pain, dizziness and that constant dull, tired feeling, will find comfort in the ad vice of Mrs. James T. Wright, of 519 Goldsborough St., Easton, Md., who says: "My back was in a very bad way, and when not painful was so weak itn felt as if .broken. A friend urged mo to try Doan's Kidney Pills, which I did, and they helped mo from tho start. It made me fool like n now woman, and soon I was doing my work tho ?same ns ever." Sold by all dealers. 50 cents a box. Foster-Milburn Co., Buffalo, N. X. .