OCR Interpretation


The Carolina Spartan. [volume] (Spartanburg, S.C.) 1852-1896, April 10, 1856, Image 3

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025802/1856-04-10/ed-1/seq-3/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

CAROLINA SPARTAN.
[From (bo WasHi?glou Union.]
simet. Boners sfbkcu ox iimas,
We laid before our readers lately the eloquent
speech made hi the Senate some days
ago by Judgo Butler., oo the questions connected
with Kansas affairs, 'ihere are two
or three points in this speech which maue a
powerful impression in the Senate chamber
when it was delivered, and they have been
admired by the whole country for the lofty
patriotism of their sentiments as we]l as the
ehiilling eloquence of their lauguage. We
refer particularly to his earnest and impassioned
vindication of tho character of Ueneral
Atchison, and bis equally earnest and
impressive rebuke of the assault made by
Mr. Iiale upon tho Supremo Court. In
the course of the speech of Mr. Harlan, on
Thursday last, lie alluded to the remark of
Mr. Butler made in the speech referred to,
in which he said that ho would rather that
the Union should be dissolved in preference
to be in tr in h flnion wiihmit ilia nmiiwiini.
? o fiv?iv%ivu
of a constitution which gives him equality.
Mr. Harlan construed this remark to lUwan
that Mr. Butlor preferred a dissolution of
the Union rather than that the people of
the Territory^should have the power to exclude
slavery from it. Mr. Butler was absent
when the allusion was made; but after
Mr. Harlan had concluded, the following
remarks were made:
"Mr. Butler.?Sir, I say now calmly,
that when a northern majority shall acquire
such a control over the legislation of this
country as to disfranchise the slaveholding
States in auy respect in which they have
an equality under tho Constitution of the
country, L will not agree to live under this
Government wlieu the Union can survive
the Constitution. Tlint is my sentiment. 1
am not a slave to mbmit myself to legislation
controlled by mere discretion. Mr.
Piesident, if Goorgo Washington ami Benjamin
Franklin, and the wisest men who
ever lived, were to come hero and attempt
to legislate under tho dictates of mero discretion,
aud should do me an injustice, 1
would bo n craven and a traitor to the
principles of Afuy/ia Ckartu?to everything
which I have learned fi-om tho highest
sources of history?if I could submit to
any measure that would place my children
the ninety-nine hundredth pait of an inch
beneath the cbildreu of the Senator from
Iowa.
"Mr. Boll, of Tennessee.?I do not wish
to interfere in this matter, but 1 will state
what I understood the Senator from Iowa
to say.
"Mr. Butler.? I did not hear his re- '
n-.ark; I was not here when ho inado it. f
"Mr. Bell, of Tennessee.?The Senator
from Iowa took the distinct ground, that tho
interpretation of the views of tho gentleman
from South Carolina was, that tho 'equality*
of which ho spoke consisted in the citizens
of tho Southern Slates having the
right, duiing the whole period oftcriilorial
governments I" the Territories, to go there I
with their slaves before a constitution i
wai formed. I understood the SeiKw'.,r
from Iowa to say that the Senator from
South Carolina had denied that the people
of the Territory of Kansas, under their j
organic law, could exclude slavery, if they
should think proper, at the commencement
of their territorial government, but mu.-t
admit slavery until the Territory shall be
admitted into the Union with a Stale constitution.
That is what I understood him
to say.
"Mr. Duller.?This is rather an ambulatory
kind of issue. I cannot find out what :
is the meaning of tho Senator.
"Mr, Harlan.?I will state to the hon- 1
orable Senator from South Carolina what 1
said. The honorable Senator from Teunessce
has fairly presented the argument; but
my view was based on the statement of the
honorable Senator from South Carolina,
and tho honorable Senator from Georgia,
[Mr. Toombs.] It was argumentative
merely. 1 quoted, as nearly as I could roniember,
the substance of the remarks ol
the Senator from South Carolina; and then :
, 1 interpreted the meaning of his phraseulo- j
gy uy quoting troin tho speech of tlie
Senator from Georgia.
"Mr. Halo.?That is it, exactly.
?. "Mr. Butler.? Well, sir; 1 want no copartnership
with anybody in making
speeches. If the Senator from Iowa were
on tho tripod to morrow at the Delphic
oracle, I would not take his interpretation
of my speech. lie might place a Dythia
.there, and instruct her, and l'hilipiso her,
if he chose, but 1 would not take bi? interpretation.
Why, sir, I avoided that very
question in regard to the powers of the
territorial government. Ho cannot find a
word in iny speech upon that question.
The potential faculty of a territoiial gov
eminent is one over which I should exeiciso
a very 'delicate control. I u ver
contended that I desired a law to carry
slavery into any Territory, and I never
wanted a law to exclude it. All that 1
have contended for is, that tho common
domain of this government, acquired l>y
the common blood and treasure of all parts
of tiie United States, shall he just ns free
to one class of citizens as to another. When
the people of a Territory are in the process
of approaching what may ho called the
maturity of their territoiial existence?a
Slato government?1 say mr.cli is to he
paidoned to the opinion which prevails at
the lime. But, sir, ifan insulting intcrfer
?iice wete to l>o made t?y u majority of I
*.'ongreps, or rirh an ' crfcfrence as would
cscludc a slaveholder on tho broad ground
(lint he wftj unworthy if equnhly with a
non-slaveholding population, do you suppose
I would stay in the Union if I could
get out of itf
"That is th? titie docttine. I do not
wish to live under litis government when
tho constitution perishes. 1 believe the
gentleman is or has been in the church.
| Mr. Harlan. Yes, sir.] I have very
yrent respect for the church, and for the
Senator; but I fear lie contends that, while
tho letter killeth, the spirit cannot give
life."
Asothkr Arctic F.xr edition.? Wclenm fiom
lite New l/>inlon Star tli.u 1 >r. Kane, accompanied
Mr. llrnry Griunell, were recently in that city for
the purpose of 'examining the ship Resolute, ivith
a view of tier fillies* for another conflict with ic? doin
' From tins we might lc led to Infer that
another expedition to the North Polo?probably to
exploit* thw newly d soovercd |K>'nr sen?was projected."
The expedition is u laudable one and promises
rich laurel* to whomsoever shall undertake
and sncotWully accomplish it.
The legislature of Oregon h d adopted a memorial
to the President ticking for the removal of
lieu. Wool from the command o! the U. S. troops |
on the Pacific. Tho memorial charges him with
inactivity, ai d n refusal to tend the U. S. troops to
the aid of tho volunteer forces operating against!
thw warhko Indiana, or t" supply dn in with -nns 1
ap.1 ammunition :a t|ieip time o' peed.
Tile VafatthfaliMi of J own.
The New York Courier, commenting
upon ft charge delivered by it judge of that wj,
city to it grand jury, makes some remarks |)VI
relative to the responsibilities and the uiifaithfulness
of jurors that may be read <
with advautago 111 other localities than that full
for which they wero specially designed:
Judge Capron dwells wifh just etuphnsis j.
upon the sanctity and supremacy of law, Jr;
and nobly vindicates ils claims upon its lo
own sworn ministers. lie hits not spared
the jury-box itself, which judges arebultoo m0
apt lo tront as if, like the throno, it was _ef
"hedged in with divinity." llo tells the '
grand jury plainly, that petit iurors, like j, J
other public servants, are capnble of being nei
actuated by bad motives, and that their j9 (
conduct is justly subject to inquisition. We gl;1
are glad at least to hear this stylo of speech. |,j8
It is r. positive fact that one of the principal
causes of tho great iiupunily of criino in ;n
this city has been tho unfaithfulness of pe- pOI
tit jurors in wilfully preventing an agree- i
meat upon a verdict. The juror in tho late
Ebling case, who, according to tho publish- wc
ed statement of oue or his fellows, refused p}-1?
to consult, with the declaration that til! tho j,ja
City Ilall rotted down ho would never ujj
agree to a verdict which should send Eb
ling to tho State prison, was but one of a ^
contumacious class of jurors who have for ?el
years weighed liko an incubus upon the
administration of justice in this city. Ho ,no
flagrantly violated his oath to give a true ^,ol
verdict according to evidence, and as richly 1 on
deserves the Slate's piison : s any perjuror |,j4
now within its walls. Nay, more; for the 1 on
false words of a witness upon tiieslaud may jy,
bo neutralized l?y cross-examination or overborne
by other evidence; but tho false con- r,.?
duct of a juror utterly and inevitably NVft
thwarts and foils lire end of justice in the ^j|
ponding trial. ! \p
It is a difficult and invidious task, wo '
know, to judge between tho firmness of a , ^ur
conscientious conviction and thccontumacy I
of a foregone conclusion; but it is a subject ycj"
upon w hich tho law has a right to make j ?n
inquiry and pass judgment, and upon wj,
which public opinion, too, lias a right to
express itself. There is nothing in the
function or character of petit jurors that cre
should any more shield them, in the case t]0
of unfaithfulness, from public nnimndvor- , re,
sion or from legal punishment than any j
other class of public servants. In fact their i roj
guilt, if guilty, is deeper, for .: is propor- i nn<
lioned to tho sacredncss of tho responsibili Im
ty intrusted to them; and what civil re ,
sponsibility can be like the juror's? Who |
like hiin decides upon character,life, liberty |nj
and properly? Lord Brougham said that j?.,
"tho whole machinery of government - ' ,jK
King, Lords, and Commons?is simply to j nc,
get twelve men into a jury-box," and the cr|]
expression is not too strong to those who
believo as we do that tho highest interest
of human society is justice, and that even t|K
freedom is secondary to it. Our jury boxes p0
have been open to evil influences in a way t|,c
they should not have been; their character | 0jp
must be redeemed, and Judge Capron lias i as|
entitled himself to the public thanks, in . C|K
baldly declaring the necessity*. i jnv
? the
Jolly Eilravagnnc:. rto'
I fus
A debate in the Senate on Wednesday ' ^
last discloses some precious facta touching i
the expenditures of the Government in tho |
matter of printing and publishing book* ~
and inapt in illustration of tho navels of ^
naval gentlemen and other officials. What j
will the reader think when he i< told that ' ^
the cost of publishing Lieut. Wilkes'book,
which grew out of the Antarctic exploring ,
expedition, has already amounted to a .
million and a quarter of dollars? So says 1 j.
Mr. Clayton* in the debate to which we 10- ' ,
for. lie also stated that Coinmodoro l'er- ,
ry's book on Japan has cost the Government
two hundred thousand dollars, whilo ' ,
threo hundred is the estimate for printing
the teports and engravings of the rcconnoi- ; J'J'
sauces of tho l'.icitio railroad routes. These j -j-|
expenses, ioi it ue remarket!, arc not ! ,*|ia
any work tlono in expeditions referro I to,
but are simply t!?o co>t of getting an ao- j
count of them upon paper, in readiness for *10
circulation. Was there ever such aboini- ! j
liable extravagance and waste of the public W,
money a* this? Su|
No wonder that Mr. Chittenden exclaims j (
that the Senate of the I'nited States has1 ant
l eionte a great publishing house, outvie ; eat:
ing even the Harpers in tho extent and J ?? '
magnificence of its publications. The rocognition
of the fact, wo aro glad to see, eon
disgusts him wilh-tlio wliole busine-e, and kim
leads him to declare that he wish* s to see ; v'?l
an end put to it. It is tlie same with Mr.
Clayton, who is not less emphatic in his r ,a
denunciation of these schemes of individual <l.*.
profit and glory. Wo should like to know '? ?<
how mueh money the various individuals
connected with the-o several publishing en- ||i|M
terprisea have made. It would he a cm ions n?,|
exposure if they could be anatomized ami by i
laid bare to a wondering public. Vet these j
aro but samples of works of tbc same d?s
criptioti done by the same authority, and y
at the same prodigal cost. There will be liu*
but too much rejoicing if tho venerable 'I
Senators from Delaware ami Kentucky do 1 '
not become mollified by time and familiarity
with these particular expenditures, and |.
allow their spasm of economy to subside., n???
It takes a flinty nature to resist tho bland c,,:"
seductions of the federal capital in the in it;'
tcr of tho expenditure of money for what ,,'r |
ever purpose; and we confess, not without ficc
emotions of regret, that it is not such gen lion
tlcir.cn as the Senators we have named to 11
w hom we look for consistent devotion to 1,11
the maxims of frugality. Of our eminent "
public men, it is true, that we find their be u
impulses often light, and their spontaneous wen
sentiments as frequently just; but it is also ;
true that neither stand the test of a vigor j lo*
ous press inc. "Greatness," said Mr. Duike u?,|
"is never exact." No doubt the apothegm T
was invented by him to cover just such
cases as public life is constantly affording (i j
of a generous disregard of tho vulgar mat- j.,,M
tcrs of dollars and cents. j sir,
We arc on the high road so long, trod i" y<
l>y Kuropcaii Governments, spending lavislily
and without stint,encouraging prodi*
gality and profusencss is every branch of
expenditure, and leading ultimately to the a m
same results?enormous national debts and '
corresponding taxation to support tliein. jj'"'
Tho remedy to bo found, and the only 1
remedy of which the case admit*, is the M
election of honest pnbl'O servants. 1'. i- | this
not men of smartness, not men of political >0"
skill, not men of elonuenco, not fluent j
talkers, that are needed in Congress, but
men of business capacity and ?iffid intojjri-| net*
iy. These, nnd these only, nro tho halt mm
that is to snvo onr institutions and Govern-. *
ment.?N. Y. Tribune. r
'Hrnntor Clayton ?ay? that the \x hole cost of the j
r.xploiinp i sprahion. invlti'ling tho i-nut'eg, "a* ! *"
|l,95A,nn<). i ,r,?"
TI1E liPKEIAL B1BT.
As France and Europo are intoxicated
;h joy at the birth of an heir to the iin ial
throne of Napoleon, we may be parked
for the following details of .he event.
L)n Sunday morning, a few minutes bee
three o'clock, the sutferings of her Maly
assumed so decided a character that
was deemed advisable to call :n the
uces and grand dignitaries of the empire
witness the birth of the imperial infant.
At a quarter to 3 o'clock on Sunday
riling, thti 10th, the child made his apirauce
in this sinful world, and the Paris
iers inform us thnt "tho imperial ]>rinco
>f so robust n constitution that bo is
ir ly as big as the child ot his nurse, who
wo months old!': All the officers of
ito above referred to were present at
birth. Tho ceremony of preliminary
uisiu was perfuimed with much pomp
the chapel of the Tuileries. Cardinal Unit,
Goussot, Uonnet and Mai lot, the
ihop of Nancy, and inferior clergy assistand
all the dignitaries of the einpiro
ic present. Mass was celebrated by tho
hop of Adras, after which the Abbe Ueco
preached a sermon from the text
lesscd is he that comelli in the name of
i Lord!" and wound up with an iuvoca[i
in these term: "lieslow on him tho
litis and magnanimity of his father, tho
idness and inexhaustible charily of his
ther, the sincere faith and devotion of
h; and, to sum tip in one wish, bestow
him a heart worthy of his destiny and
name!" A naino was then bestowed
tho infant?"Napoleon Eugene Louis
hi Joseph, Jils tic /Vance."
This appellation was entered in tho Paris
;istors and signed by the Emperor, being
ncased by Prince Murat, tho Duke oi
!ia. Marshal Yaillant, Minister of War,
Troplong, President of the Senate, and
unt do Moray, President of tho Legialae.
On Sunday inorninur the Senate and
gislnlure met at eight o'clock and rcccivthe
oflieial announcement of (lie biilh ol
lieir to tho throne. an announcement
ich was received with every appearance
cordiality.
The imperial infant, as I learn froin a
dible eye witness, and not front tho tat
of courtiers, (says the Daily News cor
pondont.) is really as ttno and robust n
y as ever was seen, lie is described as
v, plump, well made, fully developed
I wnli a surprising abundance of che.s
t-colored hair, resembling his father's
Crowds thronged around the palace with
erininablo inquiiies, and a general illu
nation was gotten up over tho city ol
ris. The Emperor made donations on
! event of 150,000 francs to various be
rolenl organizations, anil the city gov
unent voted to the poor 200,000. Sles
^es were also interchanged by the
tperor with the Pope, Queen Victoria
s Queen of Sweden, the Grand Duchess
ovnger of Baden, ami other courts; while
: Legislative Corps, after receiving the
ieinl announcement with loyal cnthusin,
indulged the tedium of expectancy in
rmpngne, cigars, eatables, music, and
ited their wives and daughters to kcej
un companny. Presents of all sort;
wed in to the young prince in such pro
ion, that their reception was inteidiclcd
nong other parcels received was an enor
tts case pf honey.
The Empress received from the south ol
tnce an extremely dirty girdle, which
i donor said sho had worn lor seven con
ement*. As she had only boys, sin
uyht the Empress irould be ylad It
/? it for laek\
Very great enthusiasm and deinonstrr.
II followed the reception of the news in
gland.
i v.itu itiiii war, aim ait outer eptcMinltJ
moment, have dwindled into itiMgnifi
tea l>eforo this domestic event.
1 he foreign journals by the Atlantic arc
ncipallv tilled with details respecting the
th and baptism of the young prince,
ey confirm the telegraphic statement
it peace is virtually concluded, but give
particulars of the proceedings by which
i result was brought about.
air. Pitutkd Wisco.s.-in (Sorr.RxoRaiiir ?
have already briefly noted the fact llmt tlie
ircutu Court of Wisconsin lias ousted Mr Harv
Ironi th.* position of Gnrctrior of Wise- n?in,
avor of Mr. Coirs Itailifxril, anil thnl l.ici.trnGovernor
McArthur, upon Mr. liar*tow's rang
tin* office, attempted to assume ttic p<s ! oil
nthe rij?tit of Mr. Roshforil. Tin- MdwauAmerican
nnrrults the sci no ns follows:
tboui II o'clock, A. M., Ciov. Ita.ilCoril, aetpaiilcd
by his private secretary, Mr It. K. Hop?,
of Madison, rcpuritl t<? the capitol, ami nrn?
in (lie vestibule, proceeded imnu-d airly to
door of tin-i x entire iipartineht unit louud it
ted. Knocking, however, (lie late private s< oiry
ol Mi llarstow, Mr. Huntrr, e.ine to tin
r and threw it open. The Governor, arcoinpaI
by a few friends, llicn enured ami was cerly
greeted by Mr. McAithnr, who invited b in
i* lenti'il, together with those who entered w th
i. Mr. Itynri then npproticlitd Mr. McArthur
handed hint a copy ol the juwgim-ni rendered
the Supreme Court.
It. McArthur having read the document,then
: * I have read this paper, Mr. Ryan; hate you
thing further to oflVr?"
Ir. Ilyan.? Nothing further, sir, unless Got.
lilt r.i tvi hes to speak.
'he Governor.?-\Vi II, Mr McArthur, flaking
lis overcoat and hanging it over a chair, I
p come to lake possesion of these exeeut.te
tmcnt?, and demand of you the papers holing
thereto, the ki )* (if the >afe-, desks, Ac ,
liter with .ill which pertains to the executive
inber.
!r. McA.?(after a pause) ? Well, Mr. Thndi*
, (>r Horn nor (miiiI ng and bowing to ll.tsli,)
I have to say simply this, th it I h Id the ofof
Governor ol tlm Statu under tin- nuncim
,unci denying n? I do the itnt> >]i-iI ri_;ht
ic ^supremo C<>urt to extrcise jurisdictin ,,VI r
I'M wlik'li tlicv luvc jiut decided in lnv.>r of
m*I', 1 must decline to vacate lrooms,
lr. Ryan a?k Mo Arthur it' lie wished to
iiidcrstiNid that he re/uard to leave, and then
it oil i<> explain to what extent the statute ailized
Gov. I>.is|i!i>r>l to go.
lr. McAilliur.? l>o you intend, Mr I'ashfhrd,
ut me out liy loteo II 1 refuse to leave? I.ct us
rrrtnnd each other aright.
lie Gov.? I do not wish to say as much, Mr.
Vrtluir, but ?
IcA. (interrupting ) ? We are n-v occupying
igonistic relations, simply upon a /mhticnl nlies,
and I sled! not treat it as a peisotial aflioiit,
lor you to answer me in the affirmative, if stieli
[>ur determinution. li it is yout intent on to
fotce in ejecting nir, and w ill so say , 1 will ennr
it constructive force and yield.
Ir. Hunter, (PrivateSecretary.)?Coiue, Mr
liford, out with it, say what )oti mean, net like
an!
hu Gov.?Then Mr. MoArthur, I Will say
should you refuse to give up p<MM.-?siou of
dooms peaceably, I shall feel it my duty to
what force woul I l?o necessary to eject you.
IcArtluir.?That is sufficient, sir I consider
a con?truc:ive ejectment. I will now yield to
the possession ol them* apartments.
Ir. MoArthur then lose and grasped ? >v
liford cordially by the hand, and alter a few
ut<?' conversation quietly withdrew, having
rl the gentleman thioughwut. Gov. Hashford,
ledintcly after taking possession, sent up his
>age to the senate.
int: in tiik SrvNnxan Orric-a,? A fire occuron
the ?d in the ofVicc of tlio Chnilostotj
alard, which was fortunately toon contt oiled
jitije dnm-gc to < tit co'.< n?| wary,
&1 )tSjmrtan.
gPASSAHSOTS ? ___
THURSDAY, APRIL 10, 1S3?.
TMNIS.
'I 4
The ladies of the lhipt si Sewing Society request
us to return tlivir thanks to Messrs. Kinloy
and Tollesoti for tlie gratuitous use of Palmetto
IIull for the luto fair, and Uo to tender their grateful
acknowledgments to the puLlio for its very liberal
patronage.
SALE DAT.
No properly of considerable value was disposed
> of ou sale-day, except St. Joint's College, which
1 was bought by Re*. T. S. Arthur for?-*>,200.
NEW rOST~OFFICE.
^ o have inforniatiou front our Representative,
CXil. Orr, through whom the application .van made,
that the Postmaster (jcucrul has established a new
post office, called Templemnn's Mill, about five
miles north of Spartanburg C. II., and appointed
David B. Collins postmas er.
THE SMALL POY *
Rumors have been rife for some days that small
pox had made its appearance in our District. Upon
j inquiry we find that only one ense has occurred on
. the person of a negro gal, at Mf. Moore's, seven
or eight miles from town, and serious doubts nrc
| entertained by some of our pbysieinns and citixens
! of the genuineness of tbat. Supposing it t: uc,
I however, our authorities have taken proper steps to
. protect the public health, and prevent the spread
i ol this loathsome disease As North Carolina and
i Tennessee are suffi ring from its ravages, and travel
brings us within its range, wc udvise general vnccina'ioli
as a pi ud. lit precaution,
i We shall report all eases that come w 'hin our
knowledge in subsequent issut s, so the puh'nc may
I' ' have the facts.
"liiTSwi.
r Our court Hostd on Saturday noon, after dispo
... .....iij ?n me cases on ino iiockels At
i uno time mi extra court ?tj considered rrqu'wlo,
but |?ntie11S. wot king rendered it unnecessary. We
i make no r. port of sentences, a* tlie sessions ea
ses were of no greater dignity tlian negro trading
nn.l assaults ami battery.
I)I K KAlLKOAl)
We arc indebted to Muj. J. V. Mills, Chief
Engineer oftlie Spartanburg and Ui ion Kadroad,
for a cop)- of the tariff of charges to the head of the
roiul slid intermediate podits. lie also placed us
111 possession of the fact that there is now a Depot
' erected at Shelton, and every requisite aecommoda1
tion for receiving and discharging freight.
Another locotm.t ve will shortly be added to the
road, with a sufficient number of freight ears to do
all the work that may offer. ,
Under this state of facts we lu?po our merchants
' will change the direct on of their freight, and put
ad the motley they can into the treasury of the Company.
THE LATESTTOREIGN NEWS.
I The st> ainer Asia brings dates to the 24th nit
I Cotton had dcvl ucd l-16a 1 Son the lower gradis.
' Fair qualities wire scarce. The sales of the wc. k
' were 32,000 bales ? fa r upland CJ ?middling 5
13-11? Ilreads'ufli has declined. The I>.ink hod
reduced the rate of interest to C p< r cent. Consols
had ad > a lived to 92i a 92J.
\f. 1iuchou.an had in'.roducul .Mr Dull s t-.
r .
' tlu d pluinatie e.-rps, ami t'.eu le.'t for Paris. He
will return In mr by the mxtst.anur
Although the peace conferences were progressing
satisfaetoi .ly, and comiirittev of the plcui|m.
t. iit aiivs had been deputed to driw up the dvtini;
ve treaty, the fort.ti.-ai><>mt uf Nio.jla.-itV a cre being
strength-tied ami all llu-si-ias on furlough ordered
t>. r. turn
Two d.vis lis <-f the Ci im.-nn nrmv rrc ordered
to Canada (Jr.at inutility prevailed am .ug the
French tr.x.jia in the Crimea.
Anoihei Ccrlist cotisp rney had been d.s^overv.l
i >n Spoin.
muentTeknon.
Several of the Virginia papers indulge sevrre
strictures upon In- U tter of Julia A Wash ngton,
addressed t>> Mis \Voff>rd, of our tow n,nppr./'ng
i her tl.at Mount Vernon was not for sale, and
whin w ts published in our paper ol the 27th ult.
The Petersburg Express queriis wbvther this step
is lalti ii to extoi t more money than was originally
; m ipnnucu, iiul c.l11 Inanity believe ?o base :i mi?|>
I cioti. The Richmond Enquirer indulge* a belief
! that the letter was written under impatience, or
' a misapprehension nl the correspondence of Mrs.
\V., n? it cannot lor a inoiiietil believe that Mr.
: Washington would recede from the t? rins ( the
, p!i>|x>?itii>n < theially made to Gov. dol.nsou in
: lSa.">, and commun'caled by him to the Legislature
| We have rend over this proposal, ami only find it
| an ..IT. r to sell 200 acris, including tiio tomb o'
Washington, under certan restrictions, to the
j Stale of Virginia, for ?200,000; or, it the Sntr
JcslrtS to establish a m<farm and agricultural
chool, he will al?o include SOO add tional acres for
$ 100,000 IUi*. w c find no allusion to a willingness
to si II to pi ivato | arties. \ irg.n a is to be ro[o
. libit* for the purchase money, and the fee simple
is iunl.t uftbly in her, accord ng to the stipulations
I The Enquirer adds:
"With n a slioit time wc tins! and bihtvc propi
er slips will bo taken, hv those author acd to act,
to i in. i into Itegot at ions w iih Mr. W , and wc w ill
in t 'or a moment Ht ul>t that he will ho sat slied
that Ins liue glory, as a descendant of the Father
ol Ins C'oUliti v, will imlui-e hint to accede to the
wishes of the patriotic sons and dang! ti rs of America,
wl.o nobly m i k to throw the a'gi* of h s naive
State around the grave and humccf Washing
I ingtnii."
TilK MAGISTRACV.
The grand inry ?>f York f * at>- ct made the fol
lowing pi t suitmcnt at the late court in reference
; t?i the pre-i nt magistracy system. The passage of
1 a law in conformity to this recommendation wou'd
| relieve courti of numberless small cases, increase
the digmty and comj>en?alion of magistrates, ami
j in- niui-ii ii ore nuvaiuntro us to t!:e ptilil c at large
To fleet nsj magistrates by tlie people wo have
j strong objections. M'e bad r.ulier trust judicial npi
poiiitimnU lo the legislature. Stieii functionaries
j nro always more independent ami faithful when
i the.r cltoiee nml tenure of office are removal he
yoml eontrol of popular prejudice nml itiflrifcnee
The jury say :
"The jurors have considered our presetit magistracy
r)>trni, ami are of the opinion that creator
c-omp< teney ?n?l efficiency wouhl be secured it their
| jurisdiction were ilivre.-iM'il to the extent of the
Miiitimiry process jarnliction of the conn, and by
I tin ir election hy the people. Tl ey therefore rcJ
minim ml the passage of a law to that effect."
I/ist Notks?In the lute disaster on the Sea
board aud llomioku Railroad fi.'MKi sheets of on*i
dollar hill-* of the Hank of the State of South CarI
linn were in charge of Adams' Kxpress Company,
i representing $"20,000. 4,703 sheets have since
i been reeoveicd in a damaged condition, leaving
CO" sh< * Ih unaccounted lor, though they arc probably
burned up.
I>urmg February emigrants arrived at
, Castle ti.iiden. J*, Y->rk city, whose cash ntrars
1 in rragcl $ I,"but
TIIK COflVK!ITIO!l.
The objeclious to representation at Cincinuut,
are daily becoming more feeble. The South Car- tin
v/ictcs, wloch * the on'vet vrry* in decided opposi- po
tiou, yields to the current, and floats Into tbc meas- j iui
ure wiili u qualification that Mr. Pierce ulotiv shall ' leg
have ihe support of this State. Well, we have no we
sort of objection to tusking the present Executive oui
. h? r tiiat choice, though wc do most earreslly ex- tnt
hurt our State Convention to prevent the adoption
j of instructions of so narrow a character as to pre- on
elude support of sonic one else. We arc perfectly act
satisfied that Mr. Pierce will fail ol nomination,and not
that another must he chosen. It is useless to nr- ' cat
guu who that other may be. The Carolinian con- | noi
tends that wc shall show devotion to principle best sin
by adhesion to Mr. Puree. To our mind the very ; roi
reverse will be established by this course we only ! oil'
| show how closely we are wedded to the man. The | of
policy of the present administration is the policy of ' coi
j the party, and ramifies its whole extent. Except j W
j that Mr. Pierce is chief, the cabinet illustrates the [ W
coastitut oml integrity of llio paitv quit*- as cfTi- lev
ci -ntly as the Preaidelil?rs the voice of the lntt?-r is ! ing
no mo t potential than each of If* heads of depart* wc
mi*ut in a ccjiictl of government. Assumingt ' kn
I then, that the cabinet is a unit?the principles of the ! tin
administration are but the principles ot the cabinet j '
and party, and only repieseiitativcly the emanation ; tat
of the Executive. j to
It is also held that if we cannot succeed before hit
tlio piop'.e with Mr. Pierce, neither can wc with j coi
another name. We opine that this is fallacious. If coi
men were so constructed as to banish nil selfish rtn
considerations from their mind* >n election enn- , c.i|
tests, wc should concede* the tluim. Hut this is in
not to be ixpcctcd. Other elements will operate !
ill the Presidential struggle. Let lis instance one | C<j
?Executive pntrounge. For every office in the I ior
gill of the Government it may be s..f* Iy affirmed j on
there were twenty applicants. These applie*nnts ' ho
had friends to bo propit.ntcd by np|M>intmciit or j an
chagrined by defeat, litre is an army of npposi- I re:
tion on personal grounds; and although all may tint ! If
j "i.ui awny," ?c sire sure a majority will ilmrt j liti
i fri'in the statidnid of the mnn who disappointed | l'r
! iticir hopes. The *:iine objection ouhl not lit* | cr;
1 aga list a new man, as any one n nv ir? who will j ves
take the trouble to look at the nutter. I on
W'e w:?h the made up distinctly or. princi- ' w,
j p!e in tlie Presidential election, and let the cont> st ' ih?
lie bo placed be fore tiic country that it cannot be #lls
I ni Btakcn. It is not 'o be section: !, but ronstitu. '
tioiial. Shall the constitution stand in its original tlu
integrity ?shall the rights of nil the Slabs be pro- ,U-i
tectcd by its provision*?or shall higher law nboli vol
I liotiiftn inu rpclatc damnable lu resies and enforce n
disruption of :hc confederacy.; We brlicve the Co
j constitution ami the late <>f the country nic on boi
j trial, and tic wish the issue fairly made up for an ,|0|
intelligent verdict. Tlie resu't will shotv us whether ha
: tve call prcscive our rights ill the Union, or set k j.k
, ihein out of it. One or other will be decided in n
1 O
; November. do
uiir " h
i 1 he follow nig Utter we tind in the Camden
j cm
Journal, b.ing the response of Hon. J. \V. Whit- j),
j lit Id, Delegate in Coiigus* (mm K ins.is, to Hon.
i Jas fjhesnut, jr , touching the general topography ^
and agricultural capabilities of the new territory:
\\ asiiinqton, March IS, ISOG '
Dear Sir: At the rnjumt of lion. \V. W. 'x<
Ikni'f, I take great ple.oure in giv ng you such P"1
information in regard to Kansas a* will lie useful iht
to ) crs-ius emigrating to that country. In regard .e
to soil, Kansas i. unsurpassed, pmdiieiug from
*.xty to e glity bushels ol corn per ni-rc; tw? ntyfive
to forty buslivUofwhe.it per acre. TJ r lincj.t
oat* I have ever seen grow we r...?o m Kansas ; in |Ul.
(act, I have steniioth ng planted hi Kansas ( xeept
cotti "'1 lhat docs n -I produce nn>r? to the acre than
'' the best Ian 's 0' T? Sltll.r.-co. f' '
lies des l.ciug a filo grain and giass c unti V, it cio
i* a put of the lo-inp it gion ??f the I nitc.I Sita'i*. eei
Hemp i* dteidedly the most profitable er?>p now
rais- .1, and the statist cm w ill show that the planter* >
ot Wvstein M.ssoiiri arc making mole money p. r j ct"
; hand than is made ill any ''tli< r State in the Unit ti. 1 eol
t It is nothing uncommon ler farmers |-t\ three
Iiunilred dollars lire h>r m gi o men per y. :ir. I
White lliell e.lllliot !.? l.iri-tl I..a I. t. it. ... AO " .1.1 s"'
lar* (H-r month. In adilitiun ta ?ur *ilvunt:i^i :k ''it
all agricultural poopi.-, ?c have :t trade with New : m !
Mexico, Utah, On gnu and California, amount ?g (|(
Bcver.il 111 II on.* t?l doll ir? |iei annum; bc?idv*. t
our !ii>l .in Hiiiiioiinta to more than one in.llioii : "
. per iiiiiiuii). In ad'lit on, tlic ^'ovi rinin nt, for nnli Co
tin y ?ii|>|ili?*. ? X|h inU i very liiic lum. Military ?_..d
stum are sent out to n!l tin- |*i*ts of .N e? Mexico |
and tlie Indian countiy; and, togivcyou sonic dea w
of tlie i.nionnt of tiMtl?|>oi tatioll required for tli.it ,s 1
depiiMiii lit, one lit hi l.ist year employed ovi r si v- I ad
enter li liUlidr. il Itlett, olid twelve liuildrrd wait oil*, ' '
eaeli drawn by twelve nxm. Kansas is llie start- i
! ing jH-uit lor all emigrant* go-tig west of us. I f*"
was ra Mil m IVnniisee.and I have Ireen in nearly j w'*
every Si.tie m the Union, and 1 say to you in all . Sol
candor, tli t I liave i t Vr r mu any Countrv lli.it f)^ (
p. u,s. vm s ;n? in any advantages to new or old settler*
iv Kansas. Our fiieiids in Western Missouri,
' w itli s mil ir *o.| to Kansas, make from n to e gill <>f I
liriri.lt i .1 dollar* a li.od p. r annum. This wdl, | j ,t j;
liave no d ubt.se-ein lar^e to you, bu: I assure you
it i? strictly ti ue.
The climate of Kaiitms I regard as being far
!> tti r tli.?u in Tennessee; fr-un 1st Sepn ml* r until | iinj
1st M.iroli we liave but little tail?mostly clear, ibt
dry v cat I it r. The past winter I.,is bun, though, ' ^
colder lb ni ever known befoie. Our country I regird
a* vary healthy; m some loc.il.tit* chill* and ""I
I fever pirvail to soine ? *! lit?wo li.ive no pulmu- . th.'i
! ii.try d st.isi* in Kansas In repaid to suppl es,
' yon can prix-ure any thing \ou may w ant ill M.%Miuri
? it you can g.t to Kansas try May or dune '
I you can ra se pl< lily of pom Our lauds are ready |ea
cleared?you can make your location one day and |j
coiiim nee farming next.
In eon elusion permit me to thank you, and to c,i
1 thank the people of South Carolina, for the noble jee
effort they arc now making to nsv.st US in prevent- ;n
ing the b. >t countrv, in my op nion, in the United
States lioin failing into the hands of the Abolit oiij
ISIS. '
(O.MGBESS
in (
The following extinct front the Washington correspondence
of the Ilallimorc Sun epitomizes the ^rr
1 doing- of Congress: . !
j?r?
' One-half of the session i* gone, (or it is n?>t to (j|(i
be supposed that Congress w ill remain in session
after the fir.-l of August. There i* lime enough l("
left, IimWi vi r, to <]l?|? so of all lisefu1 bus in si |i gis- "
latum: for no |n>I i imI le? station can Im- m*?*on>pl ?!i.
i il in the |>'csi'iit c 'inlit m of parties in Cunjtins
I'l lie regular appropriation bills arc in a ?'u t* of *? 1
forwardness. The ilefieiency bill, in the form in mif
which it has p mini the Senate, will antic.pate tunny ^,e
of tlu* items \% liii lt wire to l>c cmbraci d ill the ^ (
general e vil and diplomatic bill.
Congress will not have at the end of this session /"""
inueli money m the treasury. The days of the i R?>|
snrpliH revenue will have gone oy before Congress y
shall again tn? et. |
The i xpensi * wh ell the general Indian war is ^ '
to involve cannot be computed except by refirence ' I he
to past experience, "lm li will provi that they are ' am
I beyond the control of economy or of accountability
The volunteer ?\ stem must lie g norally resorted :
to, and w II bo attended, as usual, with extravaI
gance and waste. j cau
The discussion of the various propositions in rclt* as i
lion to a remedy for the uctiui ol the late naval re* ;
tiring board lias b en roeonimenced in earnest and '
with a view to a filial d spositioti of the subject. *
1 That some measure of relief lor officers who have pre
been subject to the action of the hoard will be Sor
a<ioii|?<| there c.hi Ik? iio doubt.
m |t[ ( _ and
Another District.? >Vo nro pleased Jo ? v mu
tlm: Mnriott District lias appointed Delegates to ^
the. May Convention at Columbia. Tbo follow mg Col
gentlemen reprticnt the democracy of the District: hy 1
Cola. N. Phillips, C. \V. Miller, Dr. Alfr il W. "*i?l
IWtlua.C. I). Kvntw, K?). 00,1
i t?en. Price, of New Jcraey, formerly purser i.i WM,
, the Nuvy, nnd charged with defalcation* amount- >
| big to S-ij.OOtt, has recently I ecu on trial at Tr* n- 11
ton. The jury gnvo him a verdict for fclO.S, ? li ? h
' amount they find duo to h m tr\ the < ?mcrument. 'Co!
TAB K1PRBSS AID 8. C. COLIBPB*. ^
Messrs. K^tvom: Wc are unwilling to con- (
me tliia discussion with the Express We exBl
to di?w- fr-ym tetin::, s; Mf?ee, the i.opc
quit/ of the Slate's pntr-mnge of the 8. C. Col- l'ur"
but not willi tlie Esprit*; for the reason that
> cannot allow our self to be inflicted eo couspicu- A
1/ upon an uiiolicndiog puMi?\ The public tnate our 1
ut eoon be cloyed w ith ?uch a diah. * ^
And further, becnuso wo do not regard oureelf turn
trial before tlie rending public, cither aa to char- trip,
cr, or motives, or criminal conduct. We do j*d.
w
I choose, therefore, to consume time in m unled
lor defence. And further, bccnuso we are j
I accountable to the Express cither for political all ec
s or personal obliquities; if guilty in any of these W-J'
ipcetr, we will account to the prope r tribunal?to ^
c having jurisdiction. We have in the lost i sue nppo
the Express u two-columned array of Smalltalk, It
inposed of half covert aud half direct personality.
. . _ ' nunc
o make no complaints and offer no retaliation. |?.ar(
c cannot consent "to be wroth with one we to pe
e." Wc had exhausted our vocabulary in say- plorv
; kind things of the Editor of the Express, and Publi
would not?cannot?unsay thorn. Wc do uot jrt.n
ow if any other son of the College stands behind large
j editorial tri|?od. i had s
The Express, ignoring the true nnd only intporit
issue?(afraid of it, wo doubt not)?has cho-cn offln
pour in a running random Arc upon Viator a?ke
itself. That personage has not suffered any ^ ''J
isidernblo detriment er damage: he is not at all 0(K|jj
ise ous of wounds or bruises. Hut, by way of j
ledietary, we may amuse your renders by n re- ) 11
?lulution of miw points made by the Express ,
, * I mit'.c
its defence of the College. , q'lus
In our second article we ventured to say the >T vv
illegc ruled the Slate?this was, and is. ouropin- tiuo
i. The Express calls for proul! Now, it any '
' , ' * ootm
e should say?the State is democratic in politics, jn j,;
w would he prove ill And who would seriously, \V
d sensibly, ask for pnmf? That proposition is *ce ?
dly not to-day susceptible of demonstrative proof. "'J.'
? who affirms tho poposili-<n might : cfrr t<> po- 0( t|,
c.tl antecedents?that, of ni.uiy nominees for tcesli
evident of tlio United States, Whig and Demo- corn'
itic, the State had almost uniformly, for lilty
irs, voted for Democrats. Is that proof? Df th,. 0
v hundred and one sensible men, one hundred Oi
.uld be satisfied with the proof, Mich as it is; nnd , 'cn ,,
but v
: oth.-r man, not satisfied, we should strongly , j)0'r
ijK'et of heing wiltully Wind. I a gr?
Now, apply this reasoning to our proposition that 1 I'* '
: South Carol.na College lias exercised a prepou- j ,,
.... - . 1 Wlfu
rant | ohlical influence in the Slato lor ninny . t|l,
irs; where is tlic proof? It is tliis: I ilo n<
Among nil the Col.cgcs in the Stale the S. C. 'l'''''
Urge alone li:is secured to ilxult a largo annua) i
unty in iitoacy out of tlie puMic treasury; it lias II,
tie so in despite of all opp.wition; and opposition the f.
s been made in the House of Representatives; all
positions to equable, or divide, the Slate patron- ; ,, rTl
e have liven rudely and contemptuously voted dene
iv 11; other Collegia have been characterised on | If
* floor ot the House, by graduates of the S. C. j
Utgt, as "preparatory schoolin almost al I ?
.cs of eleelioiis by tlie imgiaiuturc fur State or i indie
itriet offices, ill which ono applicant was a grad- ' wboi
le of that College, and the other was Hot, the 1
dlegite lias been elected. Is this?is all this,no
><f?no moral proof, that the S. C. College litis cuss
rrtod ;? con'rolliiig influence?Iw* wedded a pre- ?'K" *
nderatit power ill thcStntc? The Express, I k-* i 1
: one hundred and first individual, siipjiwcd y,
>ve, is not conviiraeil, and still call* for pr-mt! cuss
We rem itkvJ, in our second arthdr, tts.it we Jr!4. 1
ul I be willing to up-ml the $'J."i,0t>0 :i year, j( (
iv given to the rieli thr. ngh the S. C. College, ' mrjir
the ? dueat'oii of poor young nun. The Ex- rro:ii
? br:f I
rjj qui?: oiis ?mr fr.iK4T.ty, ati?l j?ii?v?p it* ^ ^
11J -y a t"t il |Hlvirsi'>n and in srrpresc iit.it ion of ' rul
tain fiiets, (not intent oiially we presume)?and ed, e
en confront'd by the tiuth in the case?by re- food
.I proof?it di*cs not fr iiUlv mil ingennotu'y |r;jr.
r-vt its <-i r->r, and retract its ungener its stispi ' ditto
n, but ealU ft r a ditUicni kind of proof! We ehar,
ted iijioii isir os n resjwmsibilily that our Ileso- &tut
i>ii<i wen openly ond ' H'jrrif/y > pposwl in Com- not u
ttee by gradual,s of the College, on the ground, ing,
t to d.\ale the State's bounty with other Col- fort
?-% would bu id them no and injure the SC.' ,
plow,
l!eg< , and oil no other ground. The Express from
is for proa* that tho fact stated was not other- fy, (?
k ! Tlie imputation implied (not meant we hope) |r^,r
is gratuitous as it is unkind. Tho public we , tul,i
Irons understand our character hotter. tarei
We stated that weinrtas.il and bitter d'sap- 1 Nntincnt
tin Comm.>.i vvitli fifty other gcnUvmeii ' ut '
savm
o lo Ijs-d to tight the batt'e) in the defeat of the asjHt
io>.| llefo m I >11, ni.i i.ly by rotes of graduates that
lie S. C. .College Tlie Express cannot ask ''
proof hero f. r three i? a E'xislatiro llecord , ' .
' ** short
names, fte I a t'VI.-ge li-vord of names Hut the 1)
s alleged by the Express that they Voted on pre ft
riotic grounds ? voted agai i*t the Uef.rnilJ.il ?'on '
. , will I
iu.?e t \v...s bad?because it was iur inferior,
i MtMl,
perfect, or unwise propel! Hut the II.II shared \Y
common fate of all, an I ev. ry, other pr jevt mu '
improving the school system, as well is I. r ",J-.
iroving the condition of the cotntnoti people,
it h is been proposed, so far as we arc informed, ! nvik.
the Im-t twenty years! v.dv*
Tf
I,ct 11? ti ll 111" I'JxpreSt A J. ^rilfl.-.nit fart 1 lie I,
il iig npi^nontb <?f t'le Si'huil Reform in the Exp
use wire grail into* of the 8. C. ColN-go, the
cf of wliosn off-roil a rvul project. Ta.it pro- , j
: w.n -to oMabhnli an AoaJemy <?f I .jh gm ie jtr,-M
ea. lt ( naremiional District, with a Faculty to :ero*l
li, by the State, an aggregate salary il |!|!in
h Ac.i lomj) ofnboat $ I -,00t> n venr; tuition i
v to be cli.irg. .1 about the same .is those chargi >1 nu 1 i
Jolh-g.-r; the buildings, furniture, apparatus, etc., . t'oa?
, to be tnij for by the Slate;?that these Con- fre*
.... . . - , t* no
i-suti.il Academics might serve as feedere?as olK. ,
juratory schools?for the 8. C. College; au<l aced
1 absorb the patronage now given to the "See- ;?s
inn CollegetV j
? ; forlei
I s wis the measure ofTVrod by the College most
ii ? by liie fa?orcu mio ??f file S. C. College n
line the place t?l" i plan of Common ScIiihmi that i 1 " ' '
' * ntten
;l t reach the people, nn<\ bliss the children of
j-ooi; IR-rc. gentle render, is a specimen of retire
te College patriotism! Does the Exprete want !
o/of these (acts? T.?c printed Bille nml printed ?
ports furnsh it t,an
iVestatcelth.it M ijor Dean was expelled the ttcvet
ik lop of the House to maho room for on.1 of r">'
anointed. The Expiree says Major Dean , (1
l.iitoel his defeat to a Railroad eonihiiiation hitne
know ho nttribub-d it to both combined; we>w
that tuch was alleged to have lieen the j- int
sc at the time. Hut are not the Clvik's duties | t|,(. ^
veil performed now? Whouiil they were not? ' born
By are done no better. whor
iLijor Dean ha J .is fine business talents as the
set t Chrk, or as any other man wo know in : cr?ic
ith Carolina. Hut there stand* nn u-ly 'act. { k'iid?
tho College was nut to blame, and the Exprete diffe r
?t tinel someway of accounting (or it.
Ac statist that Mayor II nry was beatsn by the inalig
lege. Hut, quoth the Exprete, he was beaten
i man worthy of his steel. And, pray, who jjow
I llie contr ry? '"Mr. Middle! on was a worthy k-wu
ipetrtor." Yes, lie was And whAt does that Morr
nfy? Major Henry, says the Exprete, wag a 'yj'*
ni Irieinl to the College. Now. we knew M?j.
>ry far more intimately than ever did our ^
ud of tho Expi ree. He tent his son to that f^T1
.i '*
lege, avow r?g b v r? neon*- generally to lis je;
I friend* (as we have bo doubt may
in this town, will affirm) that it was a frMicccaaity:
if hi# eon rsmainari in the State, hi*
icai asceadancy and promotion were almost
tea, ai.icss he vers a gr.Jw?U. TIm wa*
None knew ii better titan Maj. lirnrj.
, this ia precisely what w# mean by the dorniu
of tin* College.
inoug other email matter*, the Express notice*
anguage?"stumbling on the 8. C- College."
was true. The College riot* ocva rod after
ft Columbia, going down, and before onr rtcoming
buck. That wa* au incident of the
and led to our reflection* on the general aube
atatcd that we bad no sympathy with the
leginte government," becauae that influence
l>een exerted against useful reform, and agalftet
hemes for the benefit of I lie common people,
tereupon the Express clap* it* wing*, and
an to triumphs, discover* tluit *11 we have
about ths Colli ge ia mi rely the spleen of d?i
11 ted ambition!
wn* not our defeat, dear friend?it wan the
it o! the Suits?the defeat of your people and
the del tut of .nuhiiudca who have human
la and human aympethiea. Have you no ay#
revive, no heart to pity, no patriotiam to de,
the spectacle, at the muster-field, on tho
i< thoroughfare, of ignorant, unrending, Burning,
and unreflecting freemen, and the chflot
Ireemeii? Ia your list of subscribers aa
as it ought to he. and as it w-foii/t ??
- ? D""** """
iw ?? had cause (or mnr temper?for d napmi
nl?lor mimnthropii at lit>ni? ni? The Ivsi
never cotnnvttrd a grealir errur?never anf,
a more popablo and marked 1 nllucination,
when <t labored ttudcr that delvir.oii! The
nl a farmer?taught from early boyhood to
'with our h ind*?the eomiwn ou of the plough
ihe axe?taught to depend on our own exertor
success, mntend of Wealth or "finu lantily'*
tige?hlersed wi li a p<? d education (not cb*
at ihe College)?privileged to enter early
>f the recalled "U artied prufe ssions"-- ereourhy
a full mi asute of *ueees? in the profccutiom
dunes?trusted and honored hy at) honest ami
eiable constituency ol frecnien?never having
ted that generous confidence?cheered by a
gratifying lUocersM a legislator, having CmWd
?!y t-.v . ? <. iu",r -n prop.^.-.l by us daring one
c career?having uni'ortnly received ths
lion and respect ??f the House with which wc
. iu which we served?having roluniattly
d oi.ly when called to another poet of duty?
rid safely n cjuiet mooring*, at the age
iirty?threc?possessing in a most gratifying
urc the confidence of the oi uotry and chnseonimunity
w in re we ore knewn? having
r cxp tienccd any pecumairy or pobtieal res?hh
ssed and happy in our social aud do10
relations?with the prospect, by the bleesf
find, ot a brpht, useful nod heatt-cheering
c. N this?are these?the snbjre't-matter
>pointmfui I What would success betir
all this we arc devoutly thankful, first, lev
ghty Providence, for so much good; next, to
ood |>eoph? oi tlie I>i*trict in which, we were
and renr?-<), among whom we Hve, among
it wo hope to die, and to whom we will belt
our children! Dejar ??W?t Kx press, we
10 disappointed rvsauthropci we are indeed
fill, contented and happy. We entertain tbo
*t feelings for yon?for all those fronds wbo
with us about the S C College, or anything
We really dwell in nu atmosphere above
111 til L V ft fli.ai /?f rw.1?.1.-1 b 11 ? *
j ... pm-WII
. Kp|fcUuUy. &c., VIATOR.
c divorce n|>[>lied for by Iter. l>r. C?>?, oJ
Y<rk, w?s? rt-fa'ttl. 1 hie oast- Vina Imcb fnl1
by another, whcie the wife of a U? r. Mr.
ia nppliea for divorce on account of iH-treat
Counter affidavit* niVoge intoxioaton by the
e Icaru from the Ktewn Courier that V- X,
tiea nnd Amittrfld Burt, of TVndh-ton, |?ft
for Knnr^e. M 9tcrlc. f Pfefccue. h*e
t n c 3
i reading population? *?*
le Expreaa stated, without qtmlittcalioO, -thill
ad inure than once aspired to the TrMtlf'.y
sS. C. College. This we pointedly denied ;%nd
d fbr it* authority.
stead of giving any authority, when thus called
o sustain its voluntary declaration, that journal
|f asks at to admit, or deny, certain irrelevant
That was ingenuous, truly!
ad ? e not aspired to the office of Lieuteonat
l-i nor? And U> the Chairmanship of aunts coat*
? ? One incident ol which ofliers was to be
ttc of thcb. C. College by cuurtrey,or oaetoml
', was not that modest? Was it not very peril?
Well, we prufKiec to answer times quri,
and ask some in return, which we suppose
ion iHiliu ucsa will induce our friend to answer
a turn.
e did desire the chairmanship of the Commitn
IvIncuiK it, with the sole aim and purpose of
1 i fleet oally carrying through the School Be11*11,
that committee having charge of all bills
it nature; we did not care a lig for any Troaip.
We m ere not np|K>intcd in charge of that
nittoc; but wc were ?|>poii>tcd chairman of
let, which we did not desire; bnt there wae
as much hi nor (if any) in the me relation as
titer.
ir triends did v< tc for us for the office of laeuit
Governor?a very cuinplinnyilnry vote, too,
i-ithout any |M-raonnl action of ours; and Mr.
rcville was elected to that offiee, and he was
dunte of the College, and very worthy of all
onors. Now, do 11?e?c idnins on* prove that
v?r "aspired to th- Tru?te? ship of the Sonth
lina College!" Tlint statement, iu virtue snd
ta's, lias uot one parr -le of truth in it. We
t mean to say the Expreta asserted anything
i tin d no I rue.
j\v. vs ill the Expreaa, with the aamu eandua,
er some questions:
r.v did the Ktprees became arqssintrd with
ict of our scekii g, or desiring, the (.'Imtmisol
the lvltu-niioii Committer?
'an that information obtained through snre d
verbal communion ions, made in the eonfi
e of private lite and personal friendship!
s<>, wo* it exactly proper, jt???, and in good
, to detail those Inets. without being nsthorisrd,
igli a puMic journal?
the tails wtie not retained confidentially, aa
ated, will the f&sprers tell ua where, and front
n, they were nbmiiwil, and whether thepsldin
was authorised?
it *ve are becMlling disgusted w?ih tkim kowl
icufsion. Can our friends nrvir learn t? diaprineiph-B,
or treat ol State ;m>I cy, or meoaro
nine and determine the desirahh ne?B ol pubi s
irations, without involving personal feeling,
iital motive, ami |h rsoiial sincerity?
mv, if our fri- ttil of the Expreaa choose to-disthe
College further for the benefit of hi* reaih>\
~ propi s?- to off* r the queation upon w Wlv
i.iv enl-gh'rti thi m. and iu rihrrnce to whirls
i iv exert his ingeuu ty in satisfying honest
\ ...i ... : 'i
. .tun it miri; rnm)?>tr fi pralio*
nil K ile isMit-a, and all cul itt. r.-il u p>? ?, we wilk
l! e SjKir an'? n m|j"?'liir ti? j-r nl it in italic*:
it drs.table?is it j>olitiral'y fi.ir and just
'the property holders of the State to be tax
rtry year, to the amount of reliefs
ie gicen to one out of fire male colleges,
e comparatively ftte ran be educated, and
e those few ar- charged jutl a* mnrh, in nJn
to what the Slate "ire*, a? they w-u d ha
ged nt hny other college in the I'tnled
erf
it ju'-t and fair that men. who do not, tennU
icill not p-ttronize an institution of learnl
not a charitable institution.) should he-taxed
he maintenance of that iaetitution ?
it expedient?is it cowmen liable?that he
hntan should hire is earnings extorted
hi - to support a co'ltge for the rich, ih.uabut
trheie tl.e rich here In joy ah (; *i<i-e.>
h college dies nil snffic-ently camme d pub
mjideuce to sustain itself; and that, tew. after
college has alrrudy Ji nwri from lac people's
I more than tea hundred thousand aoltai s 7
>w, here i* work vit'-agli for the Kx|*ri??
in vug it na^uicntc.l ?>r eoiiiplk-itMl bv .ny
-g-i or ilo.iis* I* Ylntor'r. |?rt that jownal
lit* ill. t the Culler** d". * not rnh* Irw Sour;
nil our reflection* are llie i <vili ou.i efT's"' >?t;
?i;i|mmut?.<l nnibitiwr.} tL.it we ban p. need
hi?; ih.it our coiu-lu* <mu> arv a'l ilhqrrrn!; in
, trtr Wo out all ivr !n?r.- pub! le nt-i u oimv
i.liv rc.l p.itn^r pi:? above, ami ?\! n t1 Hi
r li.-.n answered tbo*o question* ' ? the salt* :>c
l?I plain, lainnt, rinlit-iniiiJvJ nwii. ii??u wrc
L-11 iru lty to iherhtfKtuf error
an.l re ire quietly.
c ltno been forced most reluctantly t * *pci?k
1 and often ill ilrw article* of ourself. We
b g iudolff<-nre if ne aM imother | anvrapu
ego-graphic character, induced to do m only
e mariner in which the Kxpte** has so.i^ht to
r capital our of imputed personal metises m>1
in our political Kfi .
* charge* of "?} ? .ppomlcd nnib.iion." '"sour
mper.'* and the like, have Iweii made by the
fe.ee, as acconntinjr, by way ol motire, lor our
'Xll'SHl t'l the "Collar.,;llL- miv. miiiu ot '

xml | txt