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The Carolina Spartan. [volume] (Spartanburg, S.C.) 1852-1896, May 22, 1856, Image 1

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by cavis & trimmier. Dmrtrfr to Southern Bigljts, Politics, Agriculture, outr iitiscellonij. $2 per annum.
vol. xiii. SPARTANBURG, S. C., THURSDAY, MAY 1X56. no. 13.
mrrn #i a
T- 0. P. VERNON, Associate Editor.
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or primed to order.
From the Charleston Courier.
Delivered at the Democratic State Convention
of South Carolina, in Columbia,
May 6, 185C.
Mr. Pkkkident : When it was suggested
to me l>y some friends that I should other a
fnvv rAniflpba iirmtn tl?n ! ? ?' ' ? '
mnkWl nillt'll lias
called its together, 1 did not suppose that
the public expectation would demand of
me a lengthened < position of the views
and purpose* of our assemblage. I came
hero simply n-s the delegate of my friends
and constituents, who sent me on account
of the drop interest which they knew 1 1
took in tl?o f.lonvpi lion question. I grate
fully responded to that call, and am happy
to meet here t>-? largo and respectable an '
assemblage. Tie- numbers and character
of this body constitute a suthetei't answer
to the taunts and m pors' wbicb certain individual*
and presses of the State liave
Leaped upon those who favored this project.
This, Mr. IT -ident, is the inauguration
of a new era, .wid the day is not far
distant when the gentlemen who have seen
lit to assail us will change their tone. The
argument is with us, and the people also
are with us, despite the efforts of cliques
and cabals to control their sentiments. 1
commenced my political career as a delegate
to tire Democratic State Convention
of 1843, and heard at that time no objee
tion u?ged, nor assertion made, that we i
were sacrificing any time honored princi-j
pie. That Convention selected dele .rates !
<o the Baltimore Convention by a unaui !
-mous vote, and though circumstances may !
Lave siuco made such representation upon ,
subsequent occasions inexpedient, tho policy 1
of our action at that time has never been ;
I am aware, Mr. Chairman that many j
objections have been urged to tho Convention
system, but where is your remedy?
1 know that it is objected that Massachusetts,
w hich never east a Democratic vole,
can give thirteen votes in the Convention ;
to eight from South Carolina; and 1 admit I
the force of the objection. Hut I repent !
where is the remedy ' If only the Stales !
and Districts having Democratic Keprcseu i
natives in Congre-s are to bb represented xt
Cincinnati, wo should have but seventyfour
delegates there, which is the present i
Democratic representation in Congress. It
would be equally unfair to admit reprcson
tames only from those States that in tho
preceding Presidential contest had voted
for the Democratic nominee. f.? that case
the Convention of 184 4 would have been
composed only of delegates from the seven i
States that voted for Mr. Van Duron i:i
1840, and the Convention of 18.V2 would
have been comprised solely r>f represents
tives from the minurity of States that sustained
Gen. Cass in 1843. N..r would it
bo proper (hat the twenty soven States
which voted for lieu, l'ierco in 18o2 should
only be represented at Cincinnati, because
n't is not impossible that six or seven of llie
"States that then went for Pierce may in tho
-tefct Presidential contest cast their votes for j
tho Black Republican candidate, while two
of the four States that voted for Scott?
Kentucky and Tennessee?are nearly certain
to sustain tho nominee of the democratic
Convention. II by any of those
plans injustice could he avoided it would
bo well, but injury would be certain to re- J
suit froin all of them, and the Convention
system seems to mo to be tho only one <
embodvincr Rnf.?tv nn<1 r.iouiKJl'o.. 1
, ? j ; ?
that it is easy to start objections, anil poor
must he the inind that lias not ingenuity
sufficient to find flaws in every scheme of
human devisement, but we are left only a
choice of evilr, and must select the best
plan. I claim not perfection for the Con venlion
system, but great princip'es cannot
be carried out without party organization,
and that organization cannot, be
(preserved save by the means which I have
The Cincinnati Convention is of the
highest importance, for it is certain that
this State must sustain tho nominee of that
tody. It is impossible for her to act otherWUA*
it if 4 * 1
.v.. .v -> t?iinui mm mo next l'resjdential
contest will ho between thenoini-i
wees of the democratic and black republican
parties, and this Stato could not but prefer
the most fishy democrat to a black republi- I
Oitn. Such being tho state of facts, what is j
the doty of South Carolina? Sho has 8
votes, and 149 constitute a majority of the
whole number. Tho two-thirds rule, that
r.nfe and eon .m vativo rule which defeated;
Mr. Van Dnn-n in 1844, is euro of adopts
n. It muv woik badly in some instance *,
but should never bo saciitlced. South
Carolina can then cast 8 votes for her
choice, but under tin two-thirds rule, it
wnl require 10 votes to neutralize her votes
caM agamst any objectionable man. Ought
not this p .wer to be exercised? We are
certain, as I have si. wed, to vote for the
nominee of the Cincinnati Convention, and
wny should we not bf 'hereto tnlco part in
jlis selection. The prominent candidates
are, 1st. Gen. I'iercr, who lias proved true
I to tho South and tho Constitution. It is
our duty to MvUtiu h m as our first choice.}
Senator h>wugi*>. Mr. hu-1 1
chanan is llio third most prominent candidate,
but cannot be regarded by the South
as so acceptable, for ho boars upon his person
none of the scars of battlo. President
Pierce and Senator Douglas are coverod all
over with scars?hor.orablo seara indicted
in their battles with Northern fanaticism.
I believe Mr. Buchanan, however, to be a
true man. 1 believo he will carry out the
principles of tho Kansas Nebraska bill. Ho
stood out with tho South in 1S49, in favor
of tho extension of the Missouri lino to the
Pacific, and zealously sustained the Compromise
measures of 1850. He ought to
bo satisfactory, but tho great issues before
tho country is the Kansas and Nebraska
issue, and Messrs. Pierce and Douglas are
the best exponents of the principles involved
in tho Kansas-Nebraska bill.
These last cannot receive tho votes of
those tender-footed Democrats who incline
to know-nolhingism and abolitionism. If
they desiro to return to the party they
must do so by acceding to our terms.
Policy, therefore, demands that wo should
bo represented at Cincinnati, as well as
every consideration of interest and gratitude.
We must sustain thoso who have fought
and suffered for us. It must not bo said
that we have used Messrs. Pierce and
Douglas, and when their services were no
longer needed kicked them off.
It is said l>y many of those who oppose
this Convention that they are ardent Pierce ,
men; that they want hiiu nominated by a ;
Stato Convention and sustained by the
State, whether the Cincinnati Convention
nominates him or not. Is this wiso or
sensible? Aro there no oilier true men at
tho North besides Gen. Pierce? Suppose
ilie Cincinnati Convention nominate some
other individual as faithful as Pierce, whom
lllrt Siililli Will cimnnrl i 11 <1.' '??/v''
...v ,( nuj'l/VM, mil UVVUll Viliuil* j
im vote for Pierce when she cannot elect
him, and lier action may insure the success '
of thelllnck Republican candidate? Would
I esteem that man as a friend who would
huzza for mo and yet refuse to go to the
polls to vote for me, because liijuor was
so hi there in opposition to his temperance
views! If we are truly friendly to Pierce
let us go to Cincinnati, where we can render
him essential service. There wo cau
contribute more to his success than by casting
the vote of the State for him under the !
circumstances rcforied to. Who can say J
that the vote of South Carolina may not i
secure his nomination ! Who then are his
best friends, those who desire to aid him '
when their aid can ho cti'ccluul, or those
who wish the Stale to vote for him in November,
whether nominated at Cincinnati
or noi {
Mr. Chairman, 1 am gratified to know
that South C.-irulina will he represented in
the Cincinnati Convention, and that Iter
voieo will ho hoard alongside of Alabama,
Mississippi, Uoorgia, and oilier Southern
States. There has been great talk of violating
our lime-honored policy. In the first
place let us g.. hack to 1848, when we had
acquired a large territory from Mexico, and
whew the Legislature of cverv Northern
State, except Iowa, had declared f?>r the 1
Wjluiot Pioviso. When I went fir>t to
Congress, in 1840, I found the North arrayed
in .solid phalanx in favor of the Wilmot
Proviso, and a majority in the House
in favor of the mensuic. Thus was a
frightful issue precipitated. The South
oflered as a compromise to extend the
Missouri Lino to the Pacific, but ibis was j
rejected. Fortunately, however, for the j
country, the Compromise measure of 18.r>0,
embracing the Fugitive Slave Law and the
doctrine of nou intervention bv Congress in
the territories, were adopted, and the
question of slavery in the territories transferred
from Congress to the people. This
was a great achievement, and though I
did not approve of all tho-e measures, they
paved the way for the Kansas and Nebraska
Bill, which has icstorcd the Southern
States to their original equality in the
Union. Though the storm of fanaticism
has siuco then swept over the North, wo
have everything now in our favor. The 1
President is determined l<? execute the laws i
of Kansas, protecting slave propeity at any !
and at all hazards.
What have we now to complain of, and 1
what more can we ask of our Northern
friends? The South occupies a better position
now than at any time since the adoption
of the Constitution. The repeal of the
Missouri Lino has restored us to our original
equality in the Union, and for that wo
are indebted to the Northern 1 democracy,
who assisted us manfully in this matter,
though carrying their political coffins upon
their backs. But for the Northern nomocracy,
Kansas would be this day closed
against the South. Is it just, then, that we
ai.ft..lu ...:.i.i..uu --?> - 1
-inium Iiitiuiuiu nnr IlllllieilCC .UU1 SVIlipAtliy
from our Northern friends, who arc
now struggling against Black Republicanism
in our behalf / Shall we basely turn
our hacks upon those who aro battling for
us against such fearful odds? lvvory consideration,
every inducement that can iutluouce
generous minds, impel us to meet our
brethren at Cincinnati. We need have no
fear, Mr. Chairman, of the platform that
will there he laid down. 1 have carefully
scanned the resolutions of tho Northern J
Democratic Convention, and I hesitate not ,
to say that the great majority of them arc |
eminently satisfactory. I will ao further. !
arid say that I believe, if the making of a
platform at Cincinnati were intrusted to
tbe Northern Democracy alone, that thoy
would framo one bioad enough and long
enough for the whole South to stand upon.
They have committed themselves to the
doctrine of non-intervention and other
measures approved by the South, and it is
impossible for thoin to take oilier ground.
1 know it is very easy for certain editors to
abuse politicians, but the latter arc compelled,
tnoro than othor men, from the publicity
of their position, not to act inconsistently
with their professions.
The chargo which has frequently been
made tliat tliowbulo North is ubolilionized
is false. 1 once thought so myself, but
have scon reason to change my views. 1
recently visited the States of New Hampshire
nud Connecticut, prior to tbe olec
tiona, and I spoko to the people there ps 1
would bore. I discussed our rights before ]
them, and I hesitate not to say that no- jjsj:
where have Southern sentiments met with
a henrtier response than from the Democ ?^t
racy of those Norlheiu States. The Do- 1,01
moo racy of the North have planted them- ant
selves npon the Constitution and resist the pCr
combined assault of Know Nothingism and
Abolitionism. I knew when this Know
Nothing Party was started that it would
fuse with the Abolition Party. If analyzed, w?i
it would be found to contain nine parts of I 4
abolitionism and ono part of non-agitation. I lioi
When during the recent contest for Spent al i
er af the House of Representatives the plu- her
ralily rule had been adopted and the choice ma
lay between Gov. Aiken and Hanks, not a ion
solitary Northern Know Nothing voted for nee
Aiken. They preferred the election of a hal
Pluck Republican of the deepest dye to that eve
of a Southern man. Yet this is the party, lul?
organized to divido and distract the South, ng;i
which has found friends and supporters in lirsl
South Carolina. this
The signs of the times aro cheering: al- crei
though we have not carried New llatnp- sin;
shire and Connecticut, wo havo greatly 1 fou
reduced the opposition majority, and look ; is a
forward to an ultimate triumph. Put tuti
whether wo do or not, I cannot but con- j rep
grntulato you upon the happy condition stiti
that the South now occupies. Shu is now I mn
united while tho North is divided. Even J alio
if a Plack Republican should bo elected tali
President, we shall be united in any action will
that result may force upon us, while the J hu>
North will bo divided against itself. Wo us l
aro now acting solely upon the defensive, the
sustaining principles coticoded by (lie North; 1 tie 1
and if the Union is to bo disrupted, we i tha
shall occupy a vantage ground we have ' will
never had before. This is an additional : ran
reason why we should strengthen the hands ' feet
of our Northern friends. ! this
The doctrine of "Squatter Sovereignly," ?'.fcf
or the right of the people of the territories sli:
to legislate upon the institution of kL-.vcv,. i the
is hIso made tho ground of ft'iack upon the a "
Northern Democracy. Ou ;his point there | m:l
is a difference of opinion, Messrs. Cass, ' lur
Stuart ami others holding that the people [ wei
of the territories have this right, and Messis. i 'OM
Douglas, Bright and others holding the ,
opposite view. ' Pos
It has been objected to the Kansas No ; 1101
braska Act, that it embodied this principle ; 1
of "squatter sovereignly;" but those who ^
say tliis do not tell the whole truth ? the .
principle is left by the Kansas and Nehias- 'l1^
ka Act to he determined by the Courts.
Mr. Calhoun believed that slaxerv was pro- *"
tec ted in the Territories under tho Coiisli
lulion, and tho Kansas Act simply grants 1
power to tho Legislature to enact ail laws j ^ ^
of local necessity consistent with the Con*;
slitution. We hold that the Legislature!^
cannot prohibit slavery; for Congress, not 1 (
possessing that power, cannot delegate it |
to tho Territorial Covernment, and the
question must bo left until the people cotno ',
together to form a State Constitution. The ^
practical result of this ">oti.?tter sovereign'
I I I 1 I 1 1 ot 1
ly lias been, that \ou l.avo got local u-g;> . .
lation in favor of slavery, w hich cannot ho . '
disturbed until 1857, and there is now every !
probability, if (lie South exerts herself, that . ^
Kansas will ho a slave State. At any rate, an
odious restriction has been removed, and (
the Territory opened to Southern ctnigia (
tion. Wo aro now sending aid and lucn (
to Kansas, and it we persevere, we can ;
build up there a slave-holding community.
It has been charged upon Mr. Douglas
that after tho passage of the Kansas Nebraska
hill ho had gone homo and declared 1
that it was the best abolition tnaasuro ever u
passed. This is absurd. If it bo true, why "ll
is every abolitionist so fioreelv oppose 1 to , a' i
it? If Mr. Douglas pandered to abolition- ' '
ism, v.uy was he not allowed to sp. ik in , u>
Chicago, a city winch his enterprise and 11,1
liberality bad contiibuted to improve and l!l 1
adorn? I have known Mr. Douglas im '
dome years, and have nariowlv watched 1 "
his public course, and have never soon any u "
man, except Mr. Calhoun, who so fully acts i':ir
and speaks out his sentiments, lie never v"
evades an issue, but meet? it boldly and "iU
battles with and slaughters hiseneinv. He ,: never
uttered the woids attributed to him, '
and I am sorry to see Southern men prosliinto
thenuelves so far, or allow themselves 1 ' 1
to be so far prostituted by their paiti/an ' lU
feelings, as to repeat the calumny. I say it
upon authority that the charge is basely '
and unqualifiedly false.
There were some other points that I do- : Jn.'t
signed to treat upou, but 1 have too long .
trespassed on the tiino of the Uoiiveuti n. .
? i i . , I n?:i
I repeal tlral 1 am glad to sec ucfore me so j ,
large and respectable a body, and it must! j ;
not be said that this Convention js a fail ,| (i
ure. If the war upon us, who hare favored Jj ^
this measure, is to be Continued; if we aio (
to be trarluccd and hunted down; if oppAfei
tion candidates in the different districts arcto
bo started, we are ready to meet the i>sue
and go before the people upon the ma
stump and hustings. And we say to out up<
opponents, you may oppose this Conven- il.
tion, but you dare not voto against oui up
nominee. Wo hnvo heretofore exercised c n
nrrrtnt modern!ion Imt 1
^ ??H IIWW IU.!U> V* \
for the fight. If wo have done wrong, lot she
tho peoplo condemn ns ; if otherwise, let the
gentlemen understand that wo can excrci-o "w
our judgment despite their dcliaction and wsn
abuso. I hope that today we will do our tosduty
and sustain our friends, and that the to
future will writo us down right and wise div
in our action. <'In
Who Goks Dklow.?A son of lain liflv- '
ing liired his services to cut some ice, was! '
asked if ho could use tho cross-cut saw. u't'
lie replied "ho could, surely." lie was :i>'
6cnt accordingly, in company with some of '1''
his co-laborers to cut soino ice, and on
reaching tho centre of the pond the saw . v
was produced, with both handles Mill in <l,v
their place. The verdant son, looking at j
the saw, very coolly put his hand in his
pocket, and draw ing from it n cent, turned vvj.|
to his companion, and. raising tho cent,
said, "Now, .fannnie, fair plav; hoaJ or tail, j mj
who goea below." | con
Blackwood's Magazine for April (repub*
icd by Leonard Scott it Co., New York)
ai9 with an article under tho above cap.
l. The following oxtract on tho duly
1 inilucnco of woman will show the ternof
tho article, and that the writer is no
ocate of tho equality of the sexes in tho
iuary pursuits of life, to which modern ,
mans-righlism would degrade her:
'Let us not enter upon the lender qucsi
of mental inferiority. Every individu*
.vomaii, wo presume, ia perfectly easy on
own nccouut that she at least is not re-1
rkably behind her masculine couipan- j
a; and so long as this is tho caao, we
d fear no grand duel between tho two
ves of creation. 13ut every man and j
ry woman knows, with tho most absoj
certainty, that a household divided i
iiiibl itself cannot stand. It is tho very
L principle ol domestic existence. lu all ,
t great world, with all its myriads of j
itures, it is vain to think of forming u
glo home unless it is built upon this 1
ndatiou. One interest and one fortune
n indispensable necessity. The constion
of the household is more entirely
rcsoutativo than even that glorious coalition
of which we ail have heard so :
ch, and which keeps our ship of state
at. The man is the natural reproseave
of his wife in one set of duties?the
j is tho natural representative of the
band in another; and if any one will tell
;hat the hursuy is loss important than '
oxchauge, or that it is a more dignibu-iiicss
to vote for a county member
n to regulate a Christian household, we
I grant that the woman has an inferior
go of duty. Otherwise, there is a porbalance
betviren the two members of
> o''.e person. In this view?and wo ;
) the most visionary champion of ab- I
ict female rights to disprove that this is !
ordinary rule of common society?it is j
lore link of words to say that the woii
loses her existence, and is absorbed in
husband. Were it so in reality?and
'0 it indeed true, ' that the poor rivulet
silt her name, is carried and rccarried
b her new associate, bearclh no sway, .
sesscth nothing"?then would the qiies-1
i of female inferiority bo fairly proved j
1 settled once for all. Mighty indeed
st be the Titanic current of that soul j
loii couM receive one whole human be-j
, full of thought*, affections, and cinois,
into its ti le, and yet remain uneoi<1
and mi change 1. Tlieio is no such ;
lister of i man, and n > such imtienlilv
i w oman, in ordinary life. Which of j
loos not carry our wif 's thoughts in our
in, and our wife".- likings in sir hcait,
h the most innocent un ?:.-cioustic.-s
t they are not our own original j?roper
And how vain is the reasoning which I
ii upon any other premises, hi fact,
i agitation i.-? only defensible w imn it deals
h matter of pi act i e; it bus no piinciple
Miry in its front for the e. 'v true rule !
uur'lingo lemains Uuiiupsgiiaw.e; and if
s either a legal or a poetic fiction to call
n and wife one p r-oil, then nil sat-rods,
purity, and noble sentiment, dopaits'
n the bond between them."
Karllniuakr iu Jcildo.
1 lie following account of the giv.U earthike
in Japan was received from a Japaninterpreter,
and it is believed lite aeilit
is not exaggerated".
< in the 1 lib of November, at hours
minutes 1'. M., a shock was experienced
ich aroused the in!, ibilaiit-, who in h. 1
> t! 10 stieet. Al.oul lliico minutes ul>
uently another shock oceans. 1, w hich
illnted the tenth northeast and s ulli>t.
The crash of falling buildings waits!
throughout the city, Ilia- broke ? at
ihiily different places, cov uing an e\
t of fourteen mile-. Aiiothei which
ew* every body off their feci sit. ctcd.-1,
en the earth onenc l in the n .. 11.
I of the city .-iii 1 close 1 over ui.my tliou1
liou-> -i and inhabitants. The exact
nber of inhabitants, temples, and dyvcll >
h id not been ascertained b\ the imvincut,
bnl there had l>.' n uh< . !y
wn by the district records of the city
l iJO.OOO people, r?0O llnd llii-t an !
t< > temples, and I'll,000 dwellings and
les were destroyed, and it i- th'iight
en all the districts make their returns
se numbeis would bo greatly increased.
0 shocks ?er? so severe at fMtnoda that
ny building-. were slightly d imaged, and
people could not keep on their feet. As
n us 1 could learu the shock extended
(i northeast and a southwest dotation. !
b volcano r Mm Sinia, ;?t the entrance ot
1 Jay of Jethio, thirl v inilos distant from
city, emitted immense jets of lire and
>ko, .and was more active than :tt any
nor time."
\ i mos t a Divont k ? A malir ioua bridesid
placed a very imhnr.dxomc joke o(T
>n a newly rvedded couple. She put
m upon a clock bedstead an 1 wound it
for "lour." The alarm of thu young
pie may be imagined but not described.
mi in the midst of the lady's fiist sleep
w as awakened by the liorrildo din of
alarum mingling with lo r husband's
lint in tlie devil's that! an 1 before she
< thoroughly- awake sho was violently
ted on the lloor. Jumping up, she ran
her fiiend's room, crying: ''I'll have a
nice it's infamous ? I'll u v> i speak to
arlos again ?he's a monster." "(iood
cious," cried her friend lnbby, in a tiedastonishment:
"What is the matter,
r; do tell," Ho he*he," sobbed the
ping bride, and stopped, "lie what!"
ed her friend, "kissed void" "No! no!"
cinently exclaimed the other, ho lias
ked mo out of bed!1' The matter wn?,
rover, explained, and there has been no
Vtsmov ik Kvkrv rinxo.?Tle'xy .lane,
coulidenro,) "I shan't play 11 > more
li that Matilda .lenkin*?T.r doll ain't |
no perambulator?and I don't mean
ic to 'aociate with none but c.inidgo
ipany!" ' I
Social and Physical Training. | di
Kvery day brings more clearly home to i Wl
thinking minds a conviction of the neccsbi- |
ly of important changes in the nurture and al
education of youth. That we are fostering (
intellectual development at the expense of
physical health is becoming, with each
succeeding generation, hut too painfully
apparent. At the age of sixteen, our pre- .
cocious boys have reached a piemalure j "4
manhood; and .at twelve our girls begin 1
their career of ilirtatiou. Cigars and walking
canes are exchanged by the foimcr for
athletic exorcWe-; while the latter reject cat- , ?
ihllicnics for silk dresses nud confectionery,
and dumb bolls for dimiuulivo beans. Our I Pr<
merchants, absorbed in business cares, tiud J .
no time to encouiago those exercises which rai
invigorate the youthful frame. Kino huu- b|"
ses and gay dresses are the principal at- j,
traction of American mothers, and, from
the force of example, necessarily become a 1,4
passion with their daughters. Wealth has w'
becomo the louchaloiiu of respectability, ro:
ami, in the pursuit cf it, all that makes life .
delightful is ruthlessly sacrificed. The im- 'l8
meiiso coiisuinpliou of drugs and nosluruis ou
tliioughout the United Stales proves concltisivoly
the fiial coudiliou of the general 80
health. The iife we lead has given rise to :i"
a heap of diseases which were almost uti- '
known to our progenitors.
l'loiiiiiicut among the-o nrodyspepsia, ^"c
and the various nervous disorders iuciden- 1
tal to gestric derangement.
Th ere are very few among us who are ! 1
blessed with that joyous elasticity of spir as
its which is the result of pcifect health, and
the cause ot this c<?uditivii uf gei?ei.%l iuvs- 1 '
lidistn lies in the fact that we have neglect- >
ed, in our own persons, and in the educa- ' 1
lion of our children, to promote a duo oh- | -j
servance of those sports and recreations , s '
which are coiumou to other couulrics; hut !
1.;..l .. 1 I ? - > t ha
iiiuuug in, ii.nv: cuiuc iu uu regaru* | ,.
etI a* iudocoious, and, above all ? uutasb- !
iuuable. What ia the consequence! A a "
a people were are .assuming a peculiar 'TK
typo?a guaut, bony, sliaip-featurod race, '.'k
impulsive in tciuperutueul, quick in appro- j
hension, aiul reckless in carrying out the 10
projects wo conceive. Discuisivo readers, n"
lather than deep thinkers, and shallow rea- J?,1
soncrs, rather than piofound logicians. In- :
geiiious in iuvenliou, and export at muni- I tu.
pulaiLn, we tax our faculties to the utmost 1
in tiie study of improvement bearing upon ' l,e
material piogiess, while we leave unculti- ' i'J:
vated a taste for the beautiful, and fail to t 1
encourage those pleasant diversions which i I1'
invigorate the bodv and give buovanev to 1 V'
1 he old tdroohi had their chaiiot and 00
foot races; their boxing and wrestling
matches; uuoits and other games; whi h
they >e 1 viL i ly fostered, as combing amuse- ' . .
uiuiit with the best means of obtaining ,u
bodily stiongth and activity. 'I be happy u
consu'piences of ihe.se phyical reciealions W1
wa re no apparent, that the older physicians Kr
judiciously icoiuiui i. i l the practice of !l"
llietu "as a means of c junteiacting thobad
efleels of iueroasing luxury and indolence.''
1 lie priucipiu upon which gymnastic ex 111
erei-.es act is evident " 1 .ie;r immedintu ln'
ctl'ect," says a modern wiiter, "is an in i 1,1
crease both in the si/.o and power of the j |?
pai t-s e\??uiied, in riy-v<|Uence of an admi |
iaide law which obtains in living bodies)
* i 1I
that?within c.itaiu limits ? in proportion 1 '
to the exotliou which it is required to make 1
?a pail increases not only in strength ll!'
and tililess, hat also in size. Nor does the
heiietici d influence stop here. If the e\crtion
be not carried so inr as to produce ex* I f..
cessive fatigue, all other pasts of the body ! ' 1
sympathize wiili the improving condition,0*
??f that which ohhllyex i ted; the cireu j
latum, being excised from time to time by | ^
tue oxvrciae, acouires now vigor, and blood |
being thrown with unusual l. rco into all i '^
paits of the system, all the functions are : *"
carried on with i,..iea-ir.g activity, lin-,
provemont ia the general health is noon 1
manifested; and the min i if at the same
time jtidiciou-iy cultivated- -acquires 1"
strength, an 1 is leudered moie capable of
. . i all
prolonging exertion.
Now, -iace it is known tb it the iel iti.-ns i
existing Letweeii mind and b dv are so intimate
that any aim until use of Hie one
reacts piejudiciotislv up Mi the other, it be ) ?
comes apparaut to all who letlect upon the i
Mil.ject, that wo of the bnited States, by
nhjuting those physical exercises which are tlc
essential to health, weaken uin own powers
ol eiului' tice and enervate alike the physi- '
cal structure and the intellectual power*. '
1 he loaclioiimy force-s being thus enfeebled, 1 CN
our ability to to-i-l prevailing diseases is,
naturally hs one I. and we either fill vietims
to maladi.s from which, under other
circumstances, we -liould wholly escape; or *1'
rocovering imperfectly from their attacks,; J1'
linger on the remainder of our d ays confirmer
and ln>pe!e?s invalids.
In nil excellent volume recently written :l"
upon this subject by Mi?s Beocher, sin 1
makes the >t mling but ti uthful declaration, so
tli U "there is a general decay of constilu- s0
lion among tlio whole people of (he I Hi- an
toil States;" and that "in all "-actions of our : L"'
country a vigorous ami perfectly healthy
woman is an exception to the ordinary exporianco."
"Statistics," she a.I N, "have
i>oen obtained which make it probable that. I"
of the wives and (laughters of this nati >n. f u'
not three ortt of ton can bo claasoU its ,l '
healthy women." A linit this, ami her im-j ''
pressive ?!> luction I allows, as a matter of
course; "An 1 as ti.r health of these moth 1,11
era lie- i-h s the c m'.'tnliou of theii ehihheti, l'''
t'.e prospects of tho uevt generation are i 1
-till gloomv, both as it reaped* sons ami i
daughters." 1 SP
1 hit if wo refuse to betake ourselves to 1 lri
the remedy, bow can they lie otherwise! j ov
The recipe is pleasant enough, but it is not "
the h-s certain of proving a specific. I^ess f
mental exertion?more physical recreation
?these aro what arc required of lis. wj
We must revive the old childish spoils;
we must encourage the old manly exeici- t
sos; indulge occa-ionally in country ram- j
hies; ride more, and walk moro, in the free ,
air and amid sylvan or suburhnn scenes.
Play at cricket; skip the rope; trundlo the!
hoop; hunt, lisb. or engage in any innocent I B<
version that shall tinge the sallow cheek
tli the flush of healthy ruddiness
englheti the flaccid muscles, and acclerat*
iguid current of tho blood.?Baltiuwr
Signals and Color Blindness.
Wo recently alluded to an article ii
e last number of the North British Re
w, in which it was stated?as taken fron
. Wilson's work?that one porson ou
every eighteen was unable to distinguisi
Torent colors. Tho subject is one whicl
serves moro than a mere passing notice
it be true that color blindness is a
3valent us Dr. Wilson has stated, thei
the engineers and switchmen on ou
bonds, and all tho pilots on our rivers
ould bo thoroughly examined respecting
?ir capacity to distinguish colored signals
is is something that never has beei
ought of, and yet wo can easily conceive
int consequences might ensue on a rail
id by an engineer mistaking a red for i
lite signal, lied flags, red globes, re?.
lits, and other colored signals, are usei
railroads aud steamboats, and no doub
?y always will bo used, because thov an
couvcnieut. While in themselves tliej
j good aud necessary, it is tho duty o
use companies using such, to seo to it
at those whom they employ, are not de
live in recognising and distinguishiuj
Although it is our opinion that colo
indues* is not so cunimon as has beet
sorted; still nothing should he left it
uht, when tho safety of life is concerned
on our railroads aud night steamboats
Color blindness is something that battle
o best opticians to account for satisfactory
?indeed the power of vision, in itself, i
rouded in much mystery, like that o
ory other sense tuan possesses, As fa
,ck as 1US1, Dr. Tuberville, of Salisbury
ig., described tbo case of a young female
10 could sec very well, but no color be
los black and \\ bite; and, singular to re
to, sbe could sometimes see to read in ;
.rk room. The tainous chemist, Dr. Dal
ii, was unable to distinguish belweeu re*
<1 greeu colors; nud Dugald Stewart, tin
lilosopber, had the same defect of \ision
lis defect of vision has beeu long know 1
have had an existence, but was suppos
to be limited to a very small number o
isous. Dr. Wilsou's experiment won
diluted to discover the extent of culo
u.lness, and, if possible, its nature. It
evalouco has aslouished himself. Ou
1,10 4 persons examined indiscriminately
found Go defective in distinguishing
U d and grocu are olten confoundei
gellicr, and some persous that could dis
iguish these within one foot of their eye?
led to do so wheu they wore remove*
mi twelve to fifteen feet. These person
ju.d not answer for safe signal men. Tin
eatest number confound blue with green
J tbe next greatest number coufouu<
own and rod with green.
Among a number of possiblo sources o
llucucea upon color visiou, Dr. Wilsoi
tuitions the yellow spot on the retina, am
e colors of the choroid. Soemmering dis
\ered this spot; it is found only in th<
mi.in retina, that of apes, and some ltz
Js. The true chniacter of this spot am
uses is uukuow u. it has properties dif
?nt fiom every other j ait of the retina
d is the spot of most distinct vision.
The cmVu/ theory of color?that o! tin
Gl.oIOL'istS. is SIhIo. 1 1.. J". i:??. ' 1
p , ? ? ^
natural philosophers. The cause of co!o
iiulncss?wbother in the coaling of tl>?
e or in the nerves, no uuo can loll at pros
t. lb ore :uo juat as great differences it
o senses of taale, smelling, bearing, am
ling in persons, as in distinguishing
lors. One person can distinguish innsi
! noles correctly and another cannot, am
3 may never know the reason. It i
ougb for ibo present to know that colo
iuduess does exist, and tbat it is mor<
ovuionl than whs supposed, in order fo
to direct attention to it, for tiio reason
cady given.? Scientijic American.
Kansas ^1 alters.
Lire Courier's Washington letter of Mai
su) >:
"It was hoped tbat the Kansas rcpoit
re exaggerate J, but authentic inforrna
>n hies icached here, showing that tin
ople of l.a.vrencc are banded together ii
sistance to the laws; that sheriff June
is resisted by hundreds of men in tin
edition of bis writs; tbat the U. fs. troop
re called in to his aid, and be v. ;is nssas
lated in an army tent at night. Gov
cder is i. presented as having made:
eecli, encouraging the fiee State party t<
>ist the laws of the Territory. This nffai
s not, it is feared, yet come to its worst
ioriff Jones w as very popular in Missouri
d ids death will no doubt be revenged
sereet and judicious men here, from Mis
uri, sav that in the next outbreak Mis
ii?i <n n Vi ii.i ?.;n i. . . ' 1
...... v?nv, n? I'ViuiU J lUipilCtMftJ
J if n< 0:10 can toll whero 'lie dirti
llv nvtil end.
" 11 iu Invv./iiratini; Coniniiltee of tin
ouso i t Kcpre.-entat ivea are at Lawrence
t wo ?lo not find that they arc making
ogress in their business. The evidence
licit they may take 2will necessarily,at sucl
Lime, i?o prejudicial and contradictory
icy will bo able, however, to settle tin
t that squatter sovereignty is practical!;
Mii-istcnt with obedience to law, am
L'ir report may serve to confirm the do
iration of the Richmond Inquirer, a-, ti
it doctrine, to wit: 'That gun must bi
iked." 1 ho free soilers assort this doc
no, which well suits their purposes. Tin
i! of the principle was well explained ii
slate speech of Senator Brown, of Missis
?P'" 9wm
Tlio Kentucky American says Hthi
liskey crop" will bo greater the comiiq
won than it lias been for years in Ken
ky. If this is true, there will be hi
. reused demand for that oilier Kentnck;
Why is a tired man liko an umbrei??
tcausc lie's used up.
'? Itev. Dr. Palmer delivered an addr?B9
9 before the Young Men's Christian Associac
lion, at the Presbyterian Church, on Wednesday
evening last. The question discussed
was the inquiry propounded by Pilale,
when Christ w:? brought before his judg1
mcnt seat, "What is truth!" We preteud
not to follow the learned lecturer in the
1 discussion, nor even to preseut the leading
1 features of his discourse, but merely to of1
for a few observations, as they present them1
selves to "ur mind. The manner of putting
the question was presented, and the duty
s of every man to urge the inquiry and dill1
gently to seek out the truth, was earnestly
r impressed upon the audience. Pilale, he
* said, represented a largo class of indolent
J and easy skeptics?that class of doubters
* who lacked the energy to seek for the
1 truth, and inform their minds upon what
9 evid'-uccs Christianity is based. It is easier
* for thoin to bo skeptical than to give tbem1
selves over to infidelity. There is uo other
1 system of religiou susceptible of so many
1 proofs as that of Christianity, and yet these
I men will not take the trouble to inform
9 their tuinds of these proofs, so easily attained.
Men are naturally indolent, and the
' youthful mind is hence more liable to fall
> into the errors of the skeptic than those
* more mature. They glory in throwing off
I ! the shackles of authority, and assume origi'
liality aud a species of romantic mock her
j roisui. Newton carefully investigated the
9 , evidences of Christianity, aud his great
1 uiiiul, like many others, was foiced to the
' | conclusion, hat there is a God. Christl'
; anity presents itself to tlio youthful tniml
* in its experimental form; they hear of its
' ameliorating influence on the passions of
* i uieu, of its consolations in sickuess aud distress,
of its joys and rejoicings, but knowing
r | nothing of these things, in their own expe'?
; rieQ.ce, they become skeptics and doubt its
'? influence upon others. The Gospel, and
those w ho love and expound it, huve a right
* to complain of these doubting skeptics.
I , Thov urn nn nnm?nlo ? "! 1,?
j ? mm wnmuijr race,
' j because, without offering any argument in
J : opposition, they merely conteut thcmselve*
J with the exclamation, "I doubt iLn The
, Brahmins, the Mahometans, and even the
J Deists, have their peculiar systems, and are
ready to sustain them by argumeut, bat
^ the doubting skeptic has no system of his
3 own, and is too indolent to investigate tho
r only true system of religion.
5 ' The lecturer deuied the right of a inau
1 | thus to evade the responsibilities of his be'?
; iug, and live a useless doubter to tbe end.
j Such a timid and cowardly course is uuj
worthy of the ingenuous youth, and of a
i right exercise of those faculties which God
'* has giveu him. The Gospel is in itself
'< open, manly and fruuk, and its truth should
1 bo inquired into in llio same spirit iu
5 which it is presented. The learned lectu0
rcr finished bv urging upon tbe Association
tho importance of the inquiry, and expross'
ed the hope that they would not give up
its investigation, until they had ascertained
r the truth us it is iu Jesus.
f Carolina Times,
) I .. L
1'koguess of Astronomical Science.?
? ' Seventy live years since, the only planets
known to men of science were the same
1 ; which wore known to the Chaldean shep
i herds thousands of years ago. Between
, | the or hit of Mars and that of Jupiter there
occurs an interval of no loss than three
3 huudrcd and fifty millions of miles, in which
?' no planet was known to exist before the
r CiiniiminftitiH-nt ,'"v *
- vi iuu present century.
e ; Near three centuries ago the immortal
; Kepler had pointed out something like a
J 1 regular progression in tbe distance of the
i planets us far as Mars, which was broken in
? the ca<o of Jupiter. Being unable to re
i concilo tiro actual state of the planetary sya1
torn with any theory be could form respects
; ing it, lie hazarded the conjecture that a
r . planet really existed between lire orbits of
2 Mars and Jupiter, and that its sinnllness
r i alone prevented it from being visible to as?
i tronomors. But Kelpcr soon rejected this
idea as improbable.
: The life of Col. Daniel Morgan, of tha
, Continental Army, has been prepared from
j Ins unpublished letters and pajrera by hw
^ grandson, .lames Graham, Esq., of New
. Urleans. No life of the gallant and pojnr^
lar hero of the Oowpcns has yet been pub,
1 lished, and the only biographical sketch
? ! which has appeared i.s held by Mr. Graham
8 j to do very inadequate justice to his services
s ; and memory. Mr. G. acquired the vote.
I rail's papers somo years since by marriage
t ' with bis grand daughter. Col. Morgau
x died at his home, at Winchester, Va., a
j 1 few years after Washington, of whom he
r ; was a devoted partisan in his civil as well
_ i as his military career, and the citizens of
\\ inclicstcr are now erecting a tnouumcnt
I to hi* memory. It w ill bo inaugurated on
tho 4 th of Jnly next, when a great convoca|
lions is expected.? Charleston Courur.
\ j l'ori'IVCS TflK tjl K9TIOJC.?M What ft
; sirango thing is acquaintance!'1 said a
| beautiful girl, tho other day, a friend of
ours. "A year ago we had not seen each
'r ! other ? many a season had rolled its course,
* bringing lioi>o, happiness, and
sorrow to each, without th? cognisance of
the other, ami now we are 90 intimate?
(?ur fticiul says she looked so lovely he
con!.I not help pressing her delicato check
I ?he n?ke<! her '"it" ho hail aught to ?lo
with the happiness of her future." "Yon
are in all my dreams of the coining days,"
j replied she. They are to l?o married next
month. Wo consider this one of the ncntt
I est "popping*," especially as it hnppen* in
* leap year.?Portland Transcript.
Lkavjln worth, April 27.?The emigration
is coining in very rapidly, And within
p , a few weeks past quite a large no tuber of
r nnivals from Southern States have reached
' , here. Northern emigrants, loo, are pretty
, thick, hut the former is largest so far.
Last week we had a very interesting meeting
to welcome a company of about one
hundred and odd from South Carolina and
i I Alabama. Thcro was a most cordial re'
reption given to them.

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