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The Carolina Spartan. [volume] (Spartanburg, S.C.) 1852-1896, May 29, 1856, Image 1

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BT cavis & teimbhee. Darotcfo to Southern il\o,\)t$, Politics, ^oriculfurc, onir iXTiscclimtu. $2 pee ahhumV
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VOL. XIII. SPARTANBURG, S. C., THURSDAY, MAY 29, 1850. NO.'W.
THE CAROLINA S PART Aft
BY CAVIS & TRIMMIER
T- 0. P. VERNON", Associate Editor
Price Two Dollars pur milium In advance,
t -*2 .50 nt the ouil of the yvar. If not paid u
fter the year expires $3a>0.
P*ymout will bo considered in advance if mi
within three months.
sutMoripiioii la it u u fur lt?i than six rao&t
Monuy may be remitted through postmastcri
?nr risk.
Advertisements inserted at tits usual rates, r
contracts made ou reasonable terms.
The Spa at am circulates largely over this r
adj oining d:stricts, and offersnn admirable medi
to our friends to reach custopiers.
Job work of all kinds promptly executed.
Bi .inks. Law and Equity, continually on lui
or priuiod to crder.
Speech of Senator Douglas.
We havo before us a copy of the mast
ly speedi delivered by Senator Douglas,
the Kansas question. To say that it
worthy of the fatne of the distinguish
Senator is to pronounce its highest prui
Wo rogrot that we hive room at presc
only for tlio concluding portion of it,
which he had a passage with the great !e:
or of the Black "Republicans." It will
found to express a boldness of defiance ai
denunciation of that party which will
sought for in vaiu from politicians of a
otlnr organisation than tlio Democrat
Why cannot Soulhorn men of tlio oppos
party do justieo to such men, when th
itiud them hazarding tlio prizes cf ainhiii
and the prospects of political promotion
n gallant and true hearted defenco of c
constitutional rights.?Richmond Kxai
tier.
Mr. Douglas said:
The IVack "Kopublicnn" party was
* gnnizod and founded on the fundnnien
principle of perfect and entire equality
rights and privileges between the negro a
thj white man ? an equality secured u
guarantied by a law higher than the ci
tttilui.ou of the United SluUs. In yc
creed, as proclaimed to tlie world, you sta
ple>iged''gain-t "the admission of any nn
Slave S.Vc?;"
To : jhjal the Fugitive Slave law;
To abolish the slave trade between t
States;
To prohibit slavery in the District of l
Iumbia;
To restore tlio prohibition on Kansas a
Nebraska; and
To acquire uo moto territory unl
slavery shall Ire lirst prohibited.
This is your creed, authoritatively p
claimed, I trust there ir no evading o?" d?n;
ing the issues?no lowering of the th
Let each partv stand hv its principles, a
?i.? I.... ?.........i .1.
%4IV> ? 4MI li.*? 0 J' UMIIIV'I UIVIII ?4
we have accepted tliein. Lot ih have
fair., bold figlfl before the po >ple, nnil ill
let the vcnliet be ptonouttml.
Mr. S< watd?-You will have it.
Mr. Bought*?I rejoice in litis a?-?nr.Hi
1 trust the Senator will be able to bring
tfoops up to tlie line, and to hold tin
there. 1 tin t there is to be no lowering
lit) flag?no abandonment or change
the issues. There are rumors afloat il
you are about to strike your colors; tl
you propose to surrender each one of tin
issues, not because you Jo.not pr,ifj9.i to
right, but because you cannot suce vd
the right; that vou propose io throw ov
board all tins men who di-lingnished the
selves in your service in lighting the At
Nebraska fight and to lake a now tm
who, in consequence of n<?t being c untr
ted to either side, will be enabled to clt
somebody by getting voles from bath siil
Rumor says'that all your veteran goner
who have received scats and wouuds in I
Auli Nebraska campaign are now tons
ercd unfit to command, and are to bo h
aside in order to take up so mo now in
who lias not antagonized with the gn
principles of sell government and St.
equality. Rumor r.ay? that, in piir>n u
of this line of policy, you dare not a!h
your committees in tho ILm-e of Rep
sentali'.OS to bring in bills to redeem y?
pledges and carry out your principles; tl
there is to be no hill passed in your fu-i
House to repeal tho K ins.i^-Nebraska i
?none to abolish the slave trade bet we
the States ? none to abolish slavery in l
Di strict of Columbia?none to redeem a
otto of your pledges, or cany out any ?
of your principles upon which you seem
n majority in the I louse by a fusion \v
Northern Know NotliingUih.
Rumor says that your committees w
arranged with the view ol keeping all tin
questions in the baek ground until at
lite Presidential election, in order that i
agitation may be reoponed with bet
prospect* of success w hen power shall In
been obtained ur.o3r ihe auspices of a n
/nan, who has not been crippled in t
^reat battle. Would it not be a ctnii
. spectacle to see ibis grcnt Anti Nebras
or Black ' Republican" pnit.y?which, I
ihnn eighteen months ago, proclaimed
war of extermination in which no qnar
was to be granted or received, and no pi
>oners to be taken?skirmishing to avoir
pitched battle, and got an opportunity
retreat front the face of those whom th
determined to hang and burn and loiti
with all the refinements of cruelly whi
their vengeance could devise} A to the
fices and patronage of Government so tm
nioro important to you than your prin
pios, that you feel it your duty to sacril
VAIlf ArAPt] ami lltr? inon Inilon I ifio.l ...
it, in order to get power! Are yon p
pared to ignore the material points in
sue tor four that they will coinpromit y
in the Presidential election?
Mr. Wade?We will whip you, then.
Mr. Douglas?That remains to ho sei
We to prepared to givo you a fair fig
oii tho Issues you have tendered and
accept. lyot tho Presidential contest bo o
of prinotple alone; let tho principles invo
cd bo distinctly stated and boldly m
without any attempt* at concealment
equivocation; lot the result bo a verdict
approval or disapproval so omphalic t!
it cannot be misunderstood. One vcar a
L w _ _
f. you promised us a fair fight in open fleli
upon the principles of the Kansas Nebras
. kn act! You then unfurled your bannei
mid bore it aloft in tlie hands of your owi
, favorite and tried leaders, with your prin
ciples emblazoned upon it! Are you nov
util Prt'lV,red to lower your flag1, to throw over
board all your tried men who have render
ido ed service in your cnuso, aud issue a searcl
i warrant in hopes of finding a new man
wiio has not antngonizerl with anybody
nnd whose principles are unktuiwn, for tin
purpose of cheating somebody, by getting
ind voles from all sorts of men? I^ct us have hi
y open nnd a fair fight.
jpj Mr. Douglas?1 will not pursue the sub
ject further.
Mr. Clayton and the Island of Rualan
mm Among the letters on the Central Ame
rienn question, recently published by ilit
Biitish governmetit, is ono dated March 31
er" 18o(3, from Mr. Crampton to Lord Cliren
?.n dou, of which the following is an extract:
is 44It will be within your Lordship's rccol
lection rfial Mr. Clayton was informed by Sii
s0* Henry Bttlwer, before tlio treaty of i8f>C
|l1 was signed, thut Ruatau was de jure and
1,1 de facto a lhilish possession; and Mr
'd* Ciayton has, on various occasions since, ii
conversation with me, staled that bo con
"d | sidcrcd litialan as much a British posses
| sion as Jamaica or any other British Wesi
n.v India Island."
fy* To this statement, as has been intiina
,le ted by tulegrapli, Mr. Clayton called tin
attention of the Senate on Wednesday last
on pronouncing it utterly untrue, and as i
*>y seems to us, sufficiently well establishes
M\r the point that it is so. The following is t
nt' report of the proceedings in reference tc
that matter:
Mr. Clayton said that this slatemcn
or" was utteily untrue in every part of it; aiu
la' tlio British minister must have labored un
: der a hallucination as strange as ever en
n?l > tered the brain of any man to have m:ul?
such a statement. Nothing like that hn<
,u* over escaped him, in conversation with Mr
,ur Crampton or any ono else. Forlunatel}
"d for hint, the facts did not rest merely upor
),c the statements of Mr. Crampton and him
self; hut he had a living witness to refei
to. Beforo doing so, however, he wouli
*1C call Iho attention of the lena'o to a lotto
written to Mr. (Jrampton, and read to tlu
Senate by himself on tl?o 12th of January
1854, in llio course of a speech in wliieli
lie was endeavoring to piove that Kuatnt
was not a dependency of Belize, and wn
not exempted from tho provisions of tin
treaty >4* I860. lie had Mr. Crmnploti'
ro* own testiiniuiy on iho subject, which In
then read to the Senate, and lie propo.-oJ t>
read it again now for the purpose of con
t Itadicling this statement, which was mad<
"" known to him this morning for the iins
n tune, and of which ho hail not the tnos
remote conception. Croat Britain now
rented her claim to the island of iiualan en
liielv on the Assumed fact that it was a do
pendency of Belize; that was the null
ground upon which she pretended to hav<
lMn any title to it. in the debate in the Scnab
' upon that very (piestion, Mr. Clayton hat
produced a letter fioin Mr. Ciumptoii, ii
,:l' which that gentleman had said, "the dc
iat , pendencies ol liiilisii Honduras are, in nn
2"c j opinion, distinctly enumerated 'the iie.aj
j t;i i i'SQ.'' Mr. Crajupton liad coiistillei
ln | tho ictorjs of his legation, and after doiii;
cr" so, he ariived at the conclusion deliberate
111 lv, and after a full examination, that tin
111 dependencies of British Honduras were ?li?
linclly enumerated in the tieuty of 1760
"C Now, that treatv described the si" '
! islands llmt were dependencies oflteliz'
ll'*- I viz: Saint (reorge's Key, ami those smai
i i*|jauls cinl?rnc> d in a tiiniigle within tin
| distance of three or tour miles Irom llclzc
l hos.tr inland*, then, having lieen marker
"u' out ami "tlislinclly enumerated1' in tin
lal 1 treaty of 1780, the irrebi?lihle conelimitn
eal was, that lvuainn, which wus Ht aconsidora
;uy ' hie distance from iloiize, ami was no
lc0 i iminiig the dejieinlcttcies distinctly on nine
,w ! rated, was not exempted from the provis
ro' mns of the troaty according to the adniis
,ur ' sion of Mr. Ctuiupton himself.
,;,t 1 Mr. Clayton proceeded to say thatwhih
0.1 lie was detained at his lodgings hy sick
1,t'^ ness in February or Match last, he wa
en called upon bv the Senator fitnn Kciituckv
1,0 [Mr. Crittenden,] ami while they were en
'0'I gaged in conversation upon this subject
1 Mr. Champion came in to invito Mr. Clay
'y' | ton to dine with biin. lleing too sick l<
ll'' accept the invitation, lie look 'lie oppoitn
i niiy to ask Mr. Crainplon if lie knew any
LMC 1 tiling of llio report or charge that he [Mr
|'su ; Cla) ton] had ever admitted i<? him ilia
UM Knatan was exempted from the operatim
i',c of the treaty of 1850. Mr. Ciatnplun it
lur : the most unqualified tcrins acknowledge*
lvu { that lltt'io was inf titilli in the report ilia
| Air. Ciavton ha<i ever made any such inn
'll! I mation to liiin.
Uls 1 Mr. Ciitleiulen corroborated tlio slate
';a . nient of Mr Clayton, lie could not now
pretend to detail the. conversation at whicl
" ' lie was thus accidentally present; but uc
tcr i cording to l.is recollection, tin* substance o
,s" it was as related by the Senator fioin I>ela
' " ware, and directly contrary t<> the state
to mofkL ia tlifl1 I ? * * VI i
IV v? v ' w *? ? V I ?l I * J '
?y I ton.
,rc Mr. Clayton remarked that lie had iriadi
lc'' | speech after speech in I lie Senate, llio ob
joel of which was to prove llio direct 10
,c!' verse of what llio letier had reprusoulet
l,c'" him as admitting, lie was willing to pu
*ce the roost charitable construction upon it
l'' but it was an utter and total mistake.
,0" Mr. Cass thought it was very certair
,s* that tho Senator from Delaware, unless ir
?" sonio fit of insanity, could never have fifth
to Mr. Crainpton what was attributed U
him.
''n- Mr. Pratt inquired what evidence there
?kt was of the authority of the letier as pub
wo lifihed in the newspapers, llo thought i
n0 most probablo tlint there was some mi.-takt
'v* about it.
?b Mr. Clayton had no knowh-dgo as tc
or the authenticity of tho letter. When bis at
?f tenlion was called to it this morning, bo wai
nover moro astonished in bis li(V; and ai
Sn ho found it in tho public prints, he foltlha
1 his Hist July was to prove that the statui
ment, no matter by whom it was made,
was false. If Mr. Champion never made
i such a statement, ho could not be injured
- by these remarks; but if he did make it, j
v it was for him to explain it. The letter had
- gone forth to the country through the news
- papers of the day; and until it was denied
j or disavowed, ho was bound to suppose
, that it was a genuine document, but ho
, siiouid bo very happy to bo assured of the
} contrary,
? Subsequently Mr. Fish, at tho request
1 of Mr. Clayton, stated tha he had repeated '
conversations dining the present session
with Mr. Cranipton in relation to tho sub- !
ject of Central American affairs, and Mr. i
C. had told him that Mr. Clayton always
. denied the British title to Ruatan. Ho |
thought it doubtful whether the letter '
which tho Senator front Delaware had read j
was an authentic one.
' Mr. Cass reniaiked that Drent Britain 1
i had heretofore only claimed Ruatan and
| the other Bay islands on tho principle that
j they had been spontaneously settled by J
J ' British subjects; but it was tho usual course
I j of that government, when they were driven
I from one point, to fall back upon another,
j and another, and another; and this might
be ono of their new discoveries.
As to the authority of the letter there
^ can be little doubt, for it is taken from the
Blue Book, which is an official record of
i diplomatic documents.
Lord Palmerston's Explanation.
t j
t House ok Commons, April 25.?Mr.
I r.f.M.fr vnt/l l.? l?..t, .1 i - .
i | ?"p ??ivi iiv uic c'til iicm i'ppurilllll i
v | ty of asking some explanations as to the '
> j intention of the Government of sending
: troops to Canada. It had been said that !
L 1 10,000 men were to he sent to Canada
1 from the Crimea under tho command of
| Gen. Ey ro. The rumor received some |
. ' confirmation from the statements in the
i I public press; and one evening in another :
1 place a question had been addressed to the 1
noble Lord the Minister of War, who to* j
plied that it was tho intention of the Gov- j
i eminent to send back to Canada a number
- I of regiments equal to the number stationr
cd in that colony before tho commence1
! ment of tho war. Even supposing that to
r ' be so, ho thought it required some expias
I nation froin lier Majesty's Government.
, They ought to know whether it was ini
; tended merely to send these regiments
i I back, or whether any new organization of
s ; the forces in Canada was contemplated, so
i that they might ho ready for active service j
, in the event o!" hostilities with America, lie
j ( i-hould iiUi to know wIt ther the Govem>
; men t wasgoing to depart from the old colon i 1
i al policy of the country, and distribute our
| troops throughout our free and self support- j
t j ing colonies' If so, lie thought the time ;
I j was pecuhaily ill cho-scn, for it would liuvn
the appeal an ce of a menace to tlte United
Stale*, w hose population, beit g high spiril.
erl and prompt to 'o-ent any attempt at
/ ( coercion, would be less inclined than cvei j
l? j for an amicable airangeiueul of differences. '
!> I Such a stop, moreover, would afford
1 i giomul in tho American legislative bodv 1
i | lor an iucreaso of their military establish
; incut, which, iu its turn, would be laid
; j hold of hue as au argument for augment- |
, j nig our own. The measure was, thereI
i ibro, most mischievous; and, whilst a-king
r : for infoimotion upon it, he wished aUo to
' ask whether the GoveiliuieiiL had anv in. I
. teiuioii of lauding a body of troops at Cos
. . la IticH?
. L-jid I'almersion.?Sir, I must first fay I
I am not aware ot tbat situilaiilv of nval uui,
thoiiuos to which ibo bono table gentleman '
1 has referred?namely, ibo Wur-olHceon lite
i? on * Mile, ami the newspapers on the other,
i. Whatever is said It}' the War Department I
1 is tine, and as to what appears in the pub ;
lie newspapers, he must judge of that aci
cording to circumstances. [A laugh ] 1
,. 1 can only say, we utterly disclaim the res
t 1 ponsibililv of what may be given to the
public through those channels. With ic- !
. gard to tlio alarm which my honorable 1
tiiciid has stated to exist, founded upon
these rumors, coming from that left handed
,> , ollicial soiliCO which he has referred to, I
. teally cannot understand on what I'oiinda,
lion any such alarm can be felt. In the
, ! tiist place, lie lias slated that lie understood
- 10,000 men weie g ?ing to the Noriir
, American British l'roviuces. Now, that is
. n gross exaggeration. [llcarthcar.] Iam
i not aware, even it that number were going,
. that anv man in his senses would imagine
- ' that that force was intended to attempt the
. | invasion ol the Uni'.c i States.
I I It is well known that when the war boi
J gaii, our army being upon a very low peace
t ! establishment, it became necessary to icsoit
1 lo every |ros-iMe means and to every pos
i sib'e nuailer for the purpose of argument
nig the force of our army in tiie Ea-l,
1 ...1 i - -i
i 'in*i iiinung oilier expedients was ol
stripping our Nor til American Colonies of
t I almost every soldier that \va* there. The
i I war being fortunately over, and ilio array
- disposable, it is our intention to send baek
f t<> tlie N >rlli American Colonies, not 10,000
nor G.U00 men; but something approaching
to 4,000, to serve as a basis oi' proper
- defence of the military posts there; and not
to Canada only, hut to ll-.o whole of our
a widely extended North Araeiican Colonies.
[Hear, hear.] My honorable friend sav*
it is understood that those Provinces wt io
1 to bo thrown npon their own resources for
t I all possible means of defence. I never uu ,
j derslood that to be the policy of the (iov
eminent, and I think it would be a most in
i judicious ono to be addopted. It would be
i expecting too ranch from such Colonies, to
1 abandon them to their own resources.
> Wo may rely, no doubt, on the loyally,
the Attachment, (lift zeal, and the courage
? of the people of those provinces, but they
are always employed in the avocations'
I ' which belong to the land they inhabit, and
) von cannot expect of such a population that
they should devote themselves to the per-'
? | inanont ditties of a military life. They
- would form, without doubt, an excellent
? militia, profiting rapidly by military in-1
i I struetion, and certainly they can turn out ^
l 1 in a short space of lime, and do their duty
[ willi t he honor, the zeal, and the courii
: which belong to the rn<.o from which th
uro descended. Tint no military in
could think it possible that forces of tl
kind, so organized and disciplined, woi
J l>c sufllcient for tho defence, especially
garrison places like Quebec, and othi
unless there was a foundation of n fegu
army upon which such a force can rn
and snppoit itself, and serve as an exanij
luthvin in point of discipline and orgi
zntion. That is all that her Majesty's f>?
eminent were about to do. And I tlii
that for any person to raise a cry of nlai
that wo were going to invade the Unit
States, and that they would l>e roused
resentment by ibis forts of three or f*
regiments coming on tin m, is really
idle speculation unworthy of serious cc
sidcraiiou. [Hear, hear.] I hold what
aro doing is the duty of a responsible Gr
em men t to do. It is to see that these va
aid? Colonies, whose loyalty and devoti
to the general interests of (lie Empire it
impossible too highly to praise, are r
without some foundation of military sti
port, upon which they may form tli
defensive militia which they arc now oc<
pied in forming, and which, no douht, w
do honor to them, as it would he an advs
Inge to us. Then my honorable friend as
whether we aro going to land a force?
10,000 inore tneti I suppose?at Co?ta Ri
I can nssuro him, if he has met with th
report in any quarlor whatever, it has i
como to my ears; and should it be rope;
ed be can contradict it upon my aulhcii
[Hear, hear, and laughter.)
Methodist Episcopal General Coni
hence.? We learn fioni Indianapolis, In
that on the 0 1 inst., the address of t
bishops was road to this body by Ihsli
Janes. Tbo address recommends sevo
changes in the Discipline, which, it
thought by iullucnlinl members of t
Continence, will he productive of gr<
good if curiied out. It shows great pr
pciity in the church during the last fo
years. The publications of the chur
have greatly increased?the missionary a
otliei benevolent collections are much <
largcd. Tbero is an increase of belwo
nine bundled and one thousand travel);
preachers, about the same number of Io<
preachers, and between seventy and eigl
thousand members.
On the subject of slavery the address
for red to the action of the several antu
Confeicnces and suggested that the 0<
ferenco could not change the rule of t
discipline of the church on tho subject
long as the restriction exists. The addii
stated that there were s x Confereni
where, in whole or in part, slavery exis
I i tlii bounds of these Conferences tin
was a population, while and colored,
tending the minist?y linle shoit of o
hundred thousand. The address staled t
line doctrine in rogaid to tlio relation 1
tweeu master and slave, and sj> >k?' of t
christian character of in asters and t
chiistiati piiv ileges of t.iu\e>.
Tho Conference was thrown into eon-,
eraldo excitement by the presentation o
nn iuoii.il fioiu New YoiU and one fi<
llroohlyn, on tho subject of Presiding J
lor.-, railing f r fcUch modification of l
tulo .-o as to do away with the office tc
great extent. The memorials were rcce
ed and ordered to be printed, after a lengl
and spirited discussion.
A . - 1 "V - - - - * ?? % *
.AN l.lt.riivi: >1I'DICI A UY. ilutl. .N.
l a'lin idge, fxiiui'ily United Slates Sena
t'ruin the ate of Now Yoik, lias wiittet
Ut.er to the National Intelligencer,
w h'clt the following is llio concluding pa
graph:
1 litul the same change in public sen
incut (concerning lire election of Judge*)
the State of New \ork. It :s becouii
generah without iefeienco t<> party pic
lection. The Judiciary every where under I
electivo system has gradually stink in pul
estimation, although there are high a
honorable exceptions to the general reina
As a whole it has vastly depreciated,
first it was Ironed that the elective sy*t<
would bo kept fieo from all party stri
ami lirat the ;>oop|i> would Iks left to th
own unbiased judgment. That lessonnl
expectation lias been di- tppointed.
Nominations f a Judges are rinw prct"
ed by mere politician", and tosnbservc tin
party pit poses. The great mass of t
people have nothing to do with brinyi
forward candidates, and often do not fi
snlliciciit interest t<? attend a judicial el
lion. In litis state of things what i* to
done! it was easy to fall into tho system
Jttciiis descensus but the rccocarepradi
?how t<? gel back again? thai is the qu
lion. I know of no better wav than
agitato the subject, ami to present to t
public in.ml the enoi up.iis evils of llio ?
torni through the public press. J'ul-lic ><
tiim iiL i? ahead) making gigantic stri<
in that direction, and in due limo will
ready to return to the old and only ti
systetn.
Xki'tr.vls on tiikSka.?The New Yo
Comier, reviewing tho Kuropean treaty
peace, notes that on s<<me points tho Kn
pi-ali nations have suddenly leaped a bn
length beyond n*. Tltey have reached l
point of abolishing not only all private
ing by themselves, when neutrals, t
oven when belligerents. We will not
tempt to say bow much tiro progress
tIm marine power of the United States, a
tho manifest fact that it now has, and he
after will have, the most f?>imidnh'e prii
touring force id .no worlJ, 1ms to do w
this change of position, it is n thii
h nvevor, to bo considered. This govoi
monL will probably pau>e awhile and me
nre the ground somewhat before springi
after those remarkable fine lonpors o
spring morning. The question lies partii
Urly Uetweeu us and buglaixl. The t
countries do not stand on the saino lev
The policy of England is to maintain
immense navv; our policy to maintain
small one. In warring upon onr co
inerco sho stan-ls little in cecd of pri<
tccrs; in warring upon hers we cannot
much without privateers.
go I Tiik Rkavs Roy.?t was silting l>y J
ey window In tlio sccohd story of one of the
an 1 largo boarding bouses At Saratoga Springs
iat thinking of absent fiiunds, when I hoard
ihl shouts of children frotn tho piazza beneath
of Oil yes; thnt's capital! so we will! Come
rs, on now? There's William llale! Couit
Inr on, William, we're going to hnvc a ride on
IIy the Circular Railway. Come with u*!
pie Yes, if my mother is willing. 1 will run
ni- and a?k her, replied William.
?v- O, oh! so you must run and ask yOui
nk inn. Great baby, run along to your ma
r?n Aint you ashamed? I didn't ask mj
ed mother. Nor I. Nor I, added half a dozen
to voices.
air Re a man, William, cr'ed the first voice:
an come along with us, if you don't want tc
>11 j ho called a coward as long as you live
we Hon't you sec we are all wailing,
I leaned forward to catch a view of the
lu- children, and saw William standing witli
on one foot advanced, and his hand finnlv
is clenched, in the midst of tho group. 11c
iot was a fino subject for a painter at that mo
ip- men I. His flushed brow, flashing eye
tat compressed lip, and changing cheek, ali
Ml* told how that woid coward was rankling
fill in his breast. Will ho prove himself in
in* | deed one, by yielding to thmi? thought I
ks ' It was with hrenlhlcss interest I listened
-of for an answer, for I feared that the cvi
ca. principle in his heart would be 6trongei
at : than the good. Rut no.
iot I will not </o without I ask tny mothei
it- ; said tho nobio boy, his voico trembling
iy. with emotion, and I am no coward either
1 I promised her I would*not go fiom the
house without her permission, and I .-.honk
"E- be a base coward if I wcro to te!l her r
d., wicked lie.
he , There was something commanding in lib
op ; tone which mado tho noisy children mute
r;d , It was the power of a strong soul over the
i* ; weaker; and they involuntarily yielded
be hiin the tiibutc of respect.
I saw him in tho evening among the
os- gathered multitude in the parlor. II<
uir , was walking by his mother's side, a state
eh |y matron clad in widow's weeds. It svai
uu I Willi evident piide she looked on hei
in- : graceful boy, whoso face was one of llie ti
?n nes,i lever saw, fairly radiant with nnima
ng lion and intelligence. Well might slit
2;d | he proud of such a son, 0110 who could
ily dare to do right, when ail were tempting
| to the wrong.
iaj Tiie Di'tcii Minister.?Foreign Minis
,n. : teis in Washington lead a very quiet life
he I a* n general thing, and it is very rare thai
so ; they are ever heard of again after tlieir
:ss ! credentials have been delivered. But M
J I>ul?>is, the Ambassador of bis Majesty o
(lv ! the Netherlands, lias scarcely set his fool
.re i upon our slioies when he has become fa
ai ttious. It must shock tlie nerves of even
no 1 phlegmatic a gentleman as the Dutch
|lc Ambassador to lind hiiu-elf a notoriety so
,e. suddenly, without any otVort on his own
j,,. pan. M. Dubois, it will be remembered.
;iV came passenger in the Arago, in company
' w;ih Mi. Buchanan, and he was eating his
;v] lir>t breakfast in Washington, at Willaid't
f Hotel, when the terrible affray occurred in
?? which one of the waiters of die house was
|*| killed by a member of Congress. The newly
]|C arrived Ambassador I t ?ke 1 quietly on au?]
) ;l made no attempt to interfere, for the whole
jv scene was perhaps so jHtrfoctly in accordanci
hy i w''h the travellers' stories he had road of
life in Arneri vi that In* regarded if as ni
i ordinary occurrence. He finished his cof
1'. icp, aim, ascertaining tliat the man uli(
lor liml been shot was dend, walked out of llic
i a I'ic.iUVt parlor, and, meeting a gentleman
of whom he knew, the Minister exclaimed
i;i- '"What a peoples! If they do sucli thing?
at breakfast, what won't they do at din
iti- neii"
i in It is not at nil wonderful that the diplomat
n f should bo at a loss what to do when tie
di was requested hv tho Secretary of Slate t<
he appear before a coroner's jury and give hi?
>iic testimony, nor that lie should deem it lie
nd cessary to consult with some of the senioi
ik. memhers of the coips before giving an an
At 6?cr.?-Vue York Times.
;in ? ~~~~~ ?
fe Qiottno Rnrrtpn Ai'thokities.?Ddt(,j,
ish precedents in our coutIs are considered
J|c standard authorities for reference on
doubtful points of law. Tho late Judge
?r. ' Daniel, of Virginia, used to toll with great
?r(>' glee how, when ft young man on the cir|ie
1 ctiit, he saved a client's life solely because
n? the opposite counsel quoting frotn Rritiali
^>1 f authorities. It occurred during tho lasl
oo? war, when the Kngtish squadron undei
Adiuitnl Cotkburn was ascending tho P.?
tomac river, burning and plundering the
itn i tillages along its banks. A regro man
ps was nrraiguerl for the murder of one his
lo , own color; the cfleuco wis cleaily proved,
|iU and the only chance for his escape was n
ys "light informality in the indictment. The
>u. prosecuting attorney, in reply to Mr. Danlea
'vi'* defence of his client, quoted from liii[1(J
tidr nulhoii:ie?, showing clearly that the
ue 1 g'ourul taken by lire latter was untenable,
Wliilo ho was quoting and speaking, at
j interval-?, bony! bony! bang! went tho canuk
lion from the Dritish squadron. Daniel
f ...
oi i<>se 10 answer, and with great tact seized
10- holt] of the strong point of It is opponent'*
ir's cause, turning it completely against him
lie 'Gentlemen,' said ho to the justices on
or- the bench, the prosecuting attorney quote*
>ul on this occasion British authorities! Britat
ish nr.lhoiitie*, gentlemen! Can there he
of any ono in this court room, except himself,
ml so dead to feelings of patriotism, as at such
ie- a moment to listen to British authorities
rn- when British cannon are shaking the vary
ith walls of this court house to their founds
ig, j lion? 1 pause for a reply,
tn-1 Vp jumped one of tho justices, liighly
as- excited Jit this appeal, and thus addressed
ng the prosecuting nttorney:
f a 'Look here, Mr. A , you had betmi?
tor striko a Loo lino from this comt house,
wo with your Biitish authorities, or I'll com
eh . mit you? Prisoner, yon enn go! Crier,
an Adjourn tho court! Ihiltih authorities b<
a ! d?d?'
nt- ' The prosecuting attorney was struck all
ra- in a heap at these extra judicial proceeddo
; ings, and resigned his olfiee the rcry ncx!
' day.
l | A correspondent of the Mobile Tribune
' relates an amusing Incident which befcl
, : him at the St. Charles Hotel in New Or1
leans, whore wo may supposo the French
. language is as well unJeistood as any part
i of the United Stales. When he was scali
ed, a bill of faro printed in French was
i placed in his hands, and nllhough he had
some slight knowledge of that language,
i he vet felt apprehensive that he could not
uiaue known his wants to tho servant*, nil
: of whom happened to be Irish. However,
! i rather than go without his dinner, ho beck'
! oncd an Irish boy to his side and desired
i ' him to bring some 41eoitllclts <}e mouton
\ panees grilles," which phrase in plain Eng;
li*h means "mutton chops covered with
> | grated bread." Tho Irishman, with the
. exclamation, "notheration! what d'ye
inane?" retired, and after an absence ol
! half an hour brought tho guest a ^ish ol
i liny jowl and snap beans. "Try again,"
' , said tho guest; "bring mo somo Foi dt
' veauftiteau pore" or some "veal?liver
fried with pork," to use our vernacular, or
, else some "langues de vcau, sauce a V IlalI
lien" which translated means "beef-tongues
\ with Italian sauce." Tho Irishman brought
him some pork and brans! So much for
. having French bills of fare and Irish watI
ter3?for being fashionable !
r j One of tho commonest topics of conver
sation in Washington is the refusal of Mr,
Dubois, the Minister from Holland, to give
, evidence in tho examination of Mr. Herbert,
for killing Keating, at Wiliard's IIo,
tel. Mr. Dubois arrived the evening bo;
: foro the affray at Washington, and while
k eating his first breakfast in the capital city
j of the United States, was witness to the
j occurrence referred to. He was requested
urgently by many gentlemen to come and
> : give testimony at tliecxninination,but after
I COnSllltinrr Willi Mr *5r>rtirrn?! tl>n
, o a?--l ? "? * >vuv..
Minister, lie decidedly refused to do so. In
, consequence public sentiment 1ms been di,
reeled strongly against him. His adviser,
Mr. Saitige*, is in an even worse situation.
. , Foolishly taking offence nt the maintenance
P i of a rule of fifVy years' standing, that Sena.
tors should receive calls from Foreign Min.
| isters first, rather than vice versa, he had
j i become utterly excluded from the society
I , of Senators, nnd is decidedly in had odor
, at the Capitol. Another singular freak of
his, was appearing at the residence of Sena
tor Bayard, and si'ting down in the drnw
ing-room, coolly smoking n segsr. A repro:
' hat ion of this glaring breach of good breedt
i ing he characlerir.es as an American whim.
The Courricr tht Etatx Unit indnlgos in
: some very severe comments upon his conf
duct
Transplanting Evergreens.-? A correspondent
of the Boston Trantcript speaks
, i4" lite very green" people who are seen at
, this season transplanting evcigteent, nnd
, Volunteers the following infortnalioti:
, -oirango as il may seem to most people,
about ilio 4lii of July is the proper time to
; transplant evergreens, but it cnn bo done
, ( nnv time in June or July. 1 have trans,
planted hundreds as late as the fire', of All!
gust with perfect success. At any other
. | season of tho year it is very difficult to
| in .the them lire, and it is accounted for by
, the fact the sap does not tun at tho same
>' time as deciduous tries. Most people im<
' agine they require a great deal of water,
, a.: 1 i ft on kill thorn by hydropathy. The
roots of tiie evergreen in its natuial state
, ! are sheltered fioin tho rain and sun by
| their fo.iage, which makes an umbrella
| over theiu, and they will flourish, we all
know, on locks where no other tioe will
live. The earth should have a good soak*
. j ing at the time of transplanting, but do not
water the tieo again, unless the weather
. should be very hot and dry for ten or
, twelve days; then a good drenching is all
, | that they require."
Cor.s Cons worthless rcit Fk>:d.-\Ve
have been several times caller! to account
for staling that nil inventions for giinJing
cobs were valueless to the world, because
nothing was accomplished of any value by
( tho grinding; because the cob of the Indian
1 corn contained scarcely as much nutriment
i as the wood of several species of forest trees,
I In fact it would be decidedly boiler to giind
tho stalks of the coin, or stalk* of wheat,
c its barley, or any of the common grns-cs.
'In this opinion we are corroborated by the
t 1 analysis of 1 >r. Charles T. Jackson, showII
ing only 4 1-2 percent, of nutritive matter,
; consisting of gum, starch and dextrine.
This shows that cobs are worth moro for
i fuel than for food of animals.
Ti:z Okowino Citor.?Wo have Advices
. fioin all parts of ilie Western Slates, ini;
eluding Kentucky, Tennessee, Missouri, Illii
j noi?, Indiana, Oliio, Michigan, Iowa and
| Wisconsin, from which we learn that, with
> tho exception of Tennessee, where it hns
been fi ^zen out, the growing wheat looks
(exceedingly promising and healthy. The
breadth of land sown with wheat last fall
was greatly in *reased over former rears;
and the indications now aio that ahonld
. tho present month prove favorablo the
> , wheat crops of 185G will be tho largest by
25 per cent, ever gathered in tho Union,
The fate of tho wheat crop cannot bo de
ci led upon with any certainty until after
, ilie middle of June.?1'Cincinnati Prices
' Current.
PeruirACTiON.?Nino years ago a man
| died of dropsy and was buried in Middlesex,
Vt., and it being desirable 10 remove
| the corpso to Pomfret recently, the body
was disinterred, and found to have l??conic
perfect stone, as hard as marble, nnd not in
| the least altered from tbeapjrearaace of the
man nt his death. Tho corpse weighed
. nve n insured and nity pounds. \N hnt is
, more remarkable the hotly of a girl buried
bv his si.le was wholly consumed, only a
, few of tb.o priucipal bwoes remaining.
Punch **v* a policeman on night duty
I sends the follow ing observation: "It aeeins
to mo that with inany young men the
t moet appros'od method oi winding up the
night is reding it home."
Edward Everett's pration on the charae*
ter of Washington is the noblest monument
ret reared to the memory ef the Fa- r
ther of his Country. Its crowing excelleuce
is in so indenlifying Washington with
the Union, that no American can lore the
i one and hnte the other. An eye and cm
witness tells as that as the audience were
, assembling in Plymouth Church, Brook*
, lyn, to hear tyr. Everett, a wealthy mer*
chant of this city v??s scwnteJ by a friend
, hs he cams in:
"What! you here to nigbtf
4'01i, yes," said he; "I belong to the Abo,
lition party in Church and State; but, 1're
come to hear the oilier tide,
The other tide! Washington on one side,
i and money-bags on the other. The Union
i on one aide, and money-bags on the other!
' i And this man?an American by birth, as
"1 Arnold wa?, and a traitor at heart, as Ar*
I nold was?this man?a nntivo of the State
t that gave Adams and Hancock and War*
I ren, and Bunker Hill and Lexington and
' Coucord, to the causo of American independence?this
man sat and heard that
i oration which thrilled the liearte of thou*
sands, moving litem as the oaks of the Held
i are swnveJ bv the ruahir.fF wind, till old
men, and gray baired divines, and benutifui
women, rose up and sent cbeer on cheer
through the vaulted roofs, and the walls
trembled in the thunders of applause,
"Washington! the Union! Forever!" and
1 while the hearts of the people swelled and
heaved with emotions of patriotic ardor,
this craven-hearted dry-goods tnan sat with
sealed and shriveled lips, doubtless saying
1 to himself the while, "/am on the other
side/"?Harper for June.
A travelling gentleman, looking for the
house of an acquaintance in Dublin, inquir'
ed of a native-horned Irishman:
"Who lives in that house over the wayl"
I "Johnny O'Brien, to be sure," replied
Patrick, "but ho don't live there now, for
, he is dead, bo is."
"Ah! how long has he beeu dead!"
"And, your honor, if be had lived tilt
next Monday, he would have been dead a
fortnight."
Our travelling friend pursued his walk
nnd his inquiries, and seeing a very large
funeral procession, he asked another aalire
whose funeral that was.
"Be g.irrab, sir," said Pat, with a most
iunoceut look, "it's myself that cannot say
for sarluin. but I'm after thiQkin' it's the
man's in the coffin
That is very well for Patrick, but the
other is a teal John Bull. An English
barber in the season of the epidemic, remarked
to one of his customers that there
was "cholera in the A air."
"Then I hope you are careful about the
brushes you use."
"Oh," said tho barber, "I don't mean the
'air of the 'ed, but Aair of the Aatmospbere."
li> #
Tat axd his Pig.?A rollicking Hibernian
of the light division in the Peninsula
was once trudging leisurely along the road
with a pig in a string behind him, when,
as bad luck would have it, ho was overtaken
by General Craufurd- The salutation,
as may be supposed, war not the most cordial.
'Where did you steal that pig, you
plundering rascll.* What pier, ciniral ei*
I claimed tlio culprit, turning round
; to him with an air of the moat iunoceut
' surprise.* 'Why, that pig vou have got be:
hind you, you villain.' 'Well, then, I row
; and protest giniral,' rejoined Faddy, no11
thing abashed, and turning round to hie
; foili footed compauion, as if he had never
seen him before, 'it is scandalous to think
i what a wicked woild we live in, and bow
ready folks arc to take away nn honest
boy's character. Some blackguard, wanting
to got me in trouble, has tied that
baste to my cartoucb box!'?Afetnoirt of
General*.
, I "In our country court," writes an eastern
friend, "one of our smart young lawyers
wns well come up with other day. A
witness, in a case of assault, was asked by
i the junior counsel "IIow far was you, sir,
i from the parlies when the alleged assault
took placet"
'"Four feet five inches and a half,' was
the answer promptly given,
" Ahf? fiercely demanded the lawyer,
4iow cntno you to be so vory exact as to all
this!'
" 'Because," said tho witness very coolly,
'I expected that some confounded fool
would likely as not ask me, and eo I went
and measured it.' "
I
The editor of tho Utica Herald says that
1 he once knew a wild widow who cut out
her own daughter in the good graces of
her lover and married him herself? To obtain
revenge for this mean unmotberly
trick, tho daughter ??t Irer cap for tb?
vou;: r man's rich faller (of whom lift
the only heir,) and actually married hire,
and had children, to the infinite annoyance
i of the other parties. Thie occurred in
! Onamlago county.
An artist ir. Nc-.v Orleans is about *51;
ting up a panorama of a lawsuit. The first
I scene opens with the year 1, and tbo last
closes with doomsday.
The bost illustration of law we ever saw
f was oji a tavern sign: A woll dressed man
' | on a spiiitod horse, was underwritten "goJ
ing to law." Ob the obverse?a tatterde*
million, seedy all over, on an animal, as bony
>is a carrion?inscrilred "returning from
The oldest paintings in the world are the
I seven frescoes that were recently discovered
in the Via Graieoxa in Rome. They were
| immediately transported to the Vatican,
j where they were visited durinp holy we-akby
large numbers of |>ersons. it is supposed
that these | aintinga are due to a Greek
pencil, for each of the persons represented
j lias his name written beside him in thf
characters of that language.
"Yon look as though yon were beside
i yourself,*1 as the wag said to a fop who
' happened to be s.nnding neat a donkey,
Hop sloped.

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