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The Carolina Spartan. [volume] (Spartanburg, S.C.) 1852-1896, July 03, 1856, Image 1

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bt cavis & trimmieb. Ofttolifr io Southern Uigl)ts, Politics, dgtricullure, anir HXiscclJattij. 82 feb ahwum
~VOL. XIH, SPARTANBURG, S. C., THURSDAY, JULY 3. 1856 ' _.-''fl.?f
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Job work of all kinds promptly executed. ht
"Blank*. Law and Equity, continually on hand b. t
or prin sd to order. by
#??ssspw??s??m? ciet
__ tnu
lit Tit* UN ATE, JUNK 12, 1858, W'lj
Op the bill to ?-o.?blo the people of Kmis-i* Terr it u 4i
ty to tbrm n Constitution mid State Government,
preparatory to tlieir mliuitstioii into the Union hea
when they have the rrquutilu imputation. lie,
Mit Butler: Mr. President, the ooca- whs
sion and the subject upon which I nut poli
about to address the Senate of the United iin
States, at this tfme, have l?een brought est
about by events over which I have had ho pro
control, nhtl could have had none?events the
which have crown out of the commence- &
raent of a controversy for which the Scu.a- at-qi
ttfr"trom Jlajwtchusetls (not now in his seal) of
[Mr. Suirtnerj should bo held exclusively Sen
responsible to his country and his God. He stiti
1??s defiftrod a speech the mo?t oxtrnordi- CMn
nary that has ever had utterance iti any mar
deliberative body recognising tho sanctions higl
<of laws nfwl TleCenc'y. \Vhen it was deliv- wou
ered I was hot here; and if I had hoen pre obvi
Nent, what 1 should have done it would he but
perfectly idle for mo now to *ay; because tio pros
Wio can substitute the deliberations of a pr?'*
Subsequent period for such as might have of '<
"influenced him at another time and under I
'differeul cireuina'aiires. My impression ordi
*tow is that, if 1 had been present, I should mos
have asked the Senator, before he finished f"fan
'some of the paragraphs personally applica occn
ble to myself, to pause; and if he had gone bufo
on. I would have demanded cf him. the c1it'i
next morning, thtft he shiruld roview <Jihl ''is i
speech, and redact or modify it, so as to lo ^
bring it within theaphere of parliamentary kahl
propriety. If he had refused this, what I '?K
w.ihi/1 ??- - * -
nuuiu un?o uonn i rjinnoi save vet I can j now
say that 1 would not have submitted to it. ' "IW
Uul what mode of redress 1 should have Slat
resorted to I cannot tell. I'ail
I wi-h I had Wen here. I would have torn
^ht least a^Mimed, aa I ought to hive done, l'ail
on my responsibility as a Senator, ami on 8lr|f
my . response bilrty as a representative of ?tits
South Uartrtrnsr, -redI the consequences, let '""I
llient lend where they might; but instead of "'g
that, the speech has involved his own friends the
and his own colleague. It ha* ittvolved tin man
'friends. It has involved one ol thetn I" wl"
'such an extent that, at this time, he has vers
been obliged to put his fortune and his life |*'fh
*at stake. And, sir. if tlie consequences ! 'mill
.which are hkely to flow ftotn that speech j l'l?
hereafter shall end itt blood and violence, j ho
that Senator should be prepared to tojm.mu lh?
ro .sackcloth ant! ashee. '^Rr?
Now, I pronounce a judgment on that yial
sjiecch which w ill be adopted by the public. 1
I am as certain as I am s|?eaking that it is ',,s 1
now condemned by the public tnind, and t'?er
bv m>?t?rilo ? >Itl -1 *? !-' ',A*
_t. .. ..m uu v,uiini^ncu iu iniainy, j u<"
for the mischievous consequences which Porl
have flowed from it already, and such as thai
are likely yet to disturb the peace and ro Pr,,l
of the country. lM>rl
I said nothing, Mr. president, at any pe k^art
riod of my life?much loss did I say any- 1
tiling in the'coYtrse of the debate to which W011
the Senator from Massachusetts purports to for
have made n reply?that could have called ( thai
for, much less have justified, the go?s* per- | ho I
Anna! abuse, traduction, and calumny, to < 60111
Which he has'resorted. eratr
W hen I was at mv little farm, enjoying latin
myself qtr.elly, and as I thought had taken *'?'lt*
'refuge from the strifes and contention* of 'heri
the Senate and of politics, a tne-sa^e was | onci
liroughl to itie that my kinsman hail been -the *
involved in a difficulty on my account. It Hao
was ao vague that ! did not know how to l!,su*
account for it. I was far from any tele him
fraphic communication. I did not wait 1,16
ve minutes before I loft homo to put my- kJuni
self Within the reach of such information? in t
and gsrbled even that was?as was accessi- I he
hie. 'I traveled four days continuously ^ w
to Washrngtiirt; and when I arrived I Sent
found the very subject under discussion j "
which had given trie so much anxiety; and lhi*
U haa been a source of the deepest concern HS W
Ao my feelings ever since I heard it. on S;,y*
imany accounts?on account of my country. He '
:Ahd on acrtftiint of ?lw. -1 ! r ... i ' '* *
?v?... v. >MV iiviiui nuti i??n M,u 4
of iny kinsman. When i arrived here, I ll"'c
found the subject under discussion. I went l,n"
to the Senate worn down by travel; and I '''H
then gave Hoticu that, when the resolutions dres from
Massachusetts should he i resented, I ",or>
would speak to thctn, as corning from a Rtfht
'Commonwealth whoso history, ami whose *orvt
lessons of history, lir t inspired mo with the ham
very highest admiration?I would speak to
them from a resja-ct to a Commonwealth, N<
whilst, perhaps, tho Senator who had heen and
the cause of their introduction ought not to said
deserve any notice, and would not have ro- in re
oeived it. he h
Well, sir, days passed, and those resolu- to tli
tions were not presented. Now they have matt
been presented, and presented in a different noetl
way from any that I hnve ever known to I \
be submitted from any Commonwealth be- so ce
fore. They were not presented by one of not I
its Senators, bnt were seni directly to tho to m
{President of tho Scnato and tho Speaker of quiet
the House of Representatives. I waited for marl
some time with tho ox|>eclation that, when nnlri
these resolutions should come. I would ac- liceni
quit myself of the painful task which cir- aggr
cumstances had devolved upoti me. They of th
did not come until yesterday?more than In
two weeks after their adoption. [ this
In the mean time?on Monday hist?1 t
re notice that I would aJdress the Sen- t
to-day under the confident belief, uot t
t the present Senator [Mr. Wilson] I
uld be here?because 1 have nothing to r
with him?but that tho Senator who i
i been the aggressor, the criminal ag- *
mor, in this matter would be present; |
I if I cau give credence to the testimony j
Dr. Boyle, 1 see no teasou why be tiiould I
be present. For anything that appears i
that testimony, if he had been an officer R
the army, and ha<l not appeared tho c
;t day on the battle fielJ, ho would have ||
erved to be cashiered. ti
>ir, I am at a h>s* to know why he has ?
>ed his assaults at me individually, and c
my State on more o< ca-ious thnii one; h
I am willing to adopt the clew a Horded |1
the Rev. Mr. Beecfier; and, as it is a t
v upon the subject. 1 rely on it. 1 wish u
hing of mine t?> go out that 1 do uot it
nd to be entirely consistent with the ri
vicliotis of iny mind. I ask to have
Beech er'e remarks read. I adopt them, ft
they will acquit iloi Senator?or tbev
I go very far to acquit ItiiiK a
'he Secretary read, as follows : m
The only complaint which 1 have ever ; o
rd of Senator Sumner has been this; that t?
bv his shiinking ami sensitive nature, |>
not lit for the 'rough and tumble* of d
lies in ??ur day. Ho would have held o
iself back, ami avoided giving the slight- tl
offence, had it not l*en that he was re- i|
veil and goaded into it by, as I think, q
injudicious criticism of friends." tl
!r. Butler. Sir, I believe it, and it will it
Itil his motive* to sum., nrlimi ln-io..! f
making lii- speech here hi* own, as n j li
ator, under the obligations of the Con- i I
ition, nm] the highest sanctions which I n
iufluenco the conduct of nn honorable n
i?instead of making il tho vehicle of tj
? thoughts and noble emotions that n
Id become a man and a Senator, il is (|
ious now that lie ha* made that speech m!
the couduil?I will r:?e a stronger el S
.sion?the fang, through which to ex- h
* upon the public the compound poison ol
inlignity and injustice. tc
his in confirmed by his remarkable ex ci
urn for, it: many respects, tliis i* the h
t extraordinary speech that has ever et
id its way in any lx?ok, or upon any n
sion, ancient or modern. 1 have never b
ro heard of proem or exordium by pro- if
ration; arid yet, before the delivery of I
'peech, by a telegraphic proclamation vi
hcoiioio i'aiker, lie uttered litis reinai u
le sentence: "Whilst you arc dcbberat |j
iti your meeting, I tttn about to pro _
iioe the most thomugh philippic that u
ever heard in the Senate of the "United i,?
ex.*' This is in conformity with Mr. |,
kei's opinion, lie was a flexible eon ,4j
tisi invoking lite spirit of Theodore si
ker as hi- titu-e to sustain hiiu in the
u for which, by his nature and his tab M|
, lie was not lit. Sir, it was the liibiue
deference of a flexible conformist, will- ,,i
to be a rhetor.cal fabrieulor to entry out (j
views and Mtbseive the puipo.-es of ai |n
i who, as I iindeistand, is of an iron 1 ,,,
and robllsl intellect; who loves coalio l(
y, and l as abilities which tuoie til him, o!
nips for that, than for worshipping the p.
L> lis the eiublein of innocence. and a- t|l
prototype 1>1 that Clni-l wlio-c ?! cliiiies ll(
has professed. *l\? conciliate I'arkcr, (||
Senator must make war upon South j,
rlitmand uihju myself. It he supposed ,,t
he would gain laurels by any attack i|,
no because i was n "foetnan worthy ol | w
ilebl," I might feel cotnplitneiited; but I CJ
0 was no such purpose. It was to pan ! (){
to the prejudices of Massachusetts. or a
ion of Massachusetts?for frod foiled 01
I should say anything which is T:??t j
>or of Massachusetts?to pander to a j
ion of Ma*s:it'lnji<etl? 1 \ u-saiiing Souih
ilintu Hefore 1 finish I shall say what s
ink, and if he were la-re in his place J t|
Irl make him hang his head ill sli iine; t|
1 will deiiioiislrnte, before 1 conclude. ct
in w liltl lie has said ot South Carolina v.,
lias aspersed the nearest and d< ar?st
inilo of his m >lher. Yes, sir, a degen- jj
3 sou, incapable of appreciating the re
ns which subsisted le ween Ma-sn.-hu* u|
and South Carolina at a time wholt sj
? was something more of peril to be |,j
llllteiod llian exhibiliolts ?f ibctoiic III ,j,
Senate of the United Stale-; when melt (|
i d their lives and their fortunes on the |0
> which had been made. 1 will piove rl
a calumniator. W hile lie has charged |lt
with inisialiiig history, law, and the 0j
ililuiioti, let mo say (hat "he who lives H|
dass lions s should Hut throw stones." .
re say, and I pledge myself to it. that ...
_ ?
II convict him, and shall demand of tlio
ite n verdict of guilt)'- si
tii, Mr. President, there is one result of ;
sjrfeili which 1 think niny l?o icgarded
trod. Jle 1ms shown, as Mi. liuccher j(|
, that hu is until for the war of debute. .
i;ts in business to gather tin- glories of
Senate Chamber and light w ih orators,
ss he is p?p|?ared to inaintain the j?o?i
of an lionurablo combatant. Though ' 1
friends have invested him with tho |
t of Achillea and ofl'cred him his ar '
he has shown that he is only able to ! j
with the w. fti?oi>s of Tliersites, ami de- ,
.a >' ?
.. iii.ti ur?wier received trout tlio
Is of I ho gallant Ulysses. ,
** ** j
i?w, sir, T proceed to make my points;, C(,
I shall show that what tliu Senator w
of myself, an I South Carolina, was not nf
sponse to anything which ! *Mid; that
us go no o itsnlo the rocord to biing in
o debate matters which did not legiti- i ,
dy belong to it by association or con- w
?.n- ! sit
.v i 11 maintain these throe proposition* ol
rlainly, tliHt, in my opinion, there will (rJ
?o one mind here, unless it he disposed or
orally perjure itself, which will not ac- jt
tco ill tlieni. I will show that his rois
upon mo and South Carolina were
10 anil unjust; the language used was j ,
tious; the spirit which prompted it was co
sftsive; and the whole tenor and tone tu
e speech was malignant and insulting. I ,-c
no speech which 1 have made during j.r
session did I namo Massachusetts or m
South Carolina. 'I'lli? is a mo-C return ka
Ie thing, considering the nature of ih
lebute. I have cubed what I said, and
lave not introduced South Carolina b;
tame into tbo debate, nor have I brough
n Massachusetts. Yet, sir, Ibid Setialo
illude* to me in two paragraph*. 1 shouh
ihe to know* why he did not finish in;
liclure in ono sketeh on the flrat day. whci
ie spoke of me a* being 44 Don Quixot
n lovo with slaveiy ns a mistress, becausi
ho whs a harlot." I dielike to repeal tie
bscenity of his illustration. When h
iad me under review then, why did he no
inish me in that general sketch f lie tool
nother night; and dining that night tin
haolic conceptions either emanated fron
is own mind or were suggested to it l?j
hose busy people who seem to have con
rol over him ; and then it was that In
lade this celebrated attack on me, assail
ig my teputaiion as a gentleman of ve
Here Judge Butler quotes Mr. Sumner'
tlaik on liiui. ai d proceeds:
Now. Mr. President! I am going to si.itr
proposition which will startle "lie Senate
hat he here undertakes to quote as tin
iinstitution of South Carolina, in refereru-i
> the eligibility of members of the Logi*
iture. is not to he found in it at all. Ibm
id ho bring it in in response to any spve- I
f mine) He has sworn in his afhdavi
lat what lie said was fairly in response t?
ie speeches which 1 had made. I put tin
UCstiou to Senators, and I shall pause foi
re.r sentence: how dare -e, from anything
i inv speeches, put his linger?his profatn
tiger?upon the constitution of South Cam
nr.? ts that a response to aiiviliing whicl
said? My speechei heretofore delivered
re njioji record, and can he referred to. 1
cither alluded to the constitution of Sou'.I
arolina, nor did I mention South Caroli
a in the whole debate; anil yet in Iris a lit
avit lie says that all these are fairly r<Ter
Me a> a response to the return k* of ilo
enator from South Carolina! What lit
as quoted here is not in ihe constitution
I South Carolina; and wh? n lie utnlei tMk<-<
) subject trie to tho severity of his ciiti
sins, as a blunder, r in the statements of
iw and constitution, let liiin stand convict'
1 of one of two things?.either that liedal
ut read the constitution of South Carotins
imself, ami adopted it from others, or that,
he read it, he cot'.IJ not Understand it
intend to dwell upon this tmint wiih u
iew to convict him?not tlmi I nin going
> vindicate ihe constitution of South lJuro
iih, bull will convict thi? rhetorical jurist
-tins matt who undertakes to bit on tie*
ipod, and publish the oracles of Delphi
Ml upon iin* as a Inwyei! M) God, what
ive I come to! A imm who iietrer man
jed ti cit-c (as far i's I ktiu?] in court, to
t on iTiysenf, ?v1i?? have been tit11 ty live,
i-ais engaged in law, either in appealing
. the bar, or expounding it on the bench!
I have nevei deovored a judgment on a
ileslion ot law here, a> a inembet o! ihc
I'inumtee on the Judicial v, whether i
ive made he majority ioi the uiinotlv
'poll, whc'ii that Senator lias not cnucui
I witii me; ot if h dirtei. l, it iia> been
i eclioual questions oil whuli lie haielt
overiulej by tin- overwhelming an
noity ot the Senate. Vet, a mail who
us agreed with mo hIw;?vs?ami that i?
ie only bud s gn about it [laughterJ ? uti
makes to sit in judgment on iry legal
taintneiits! It his auluorit) is woilh any
iing, it is with like, for lie has coiieuric I
ilit me. On all the Contested election
iso* vvy have agieed, except, peiliajw. in
ie J'licljis ca*e. There ho may have dil
red lioui niej l".:t if lie did liie Senate
rerrnh-d hiui.
That, however, is uot the question which
was approaching. 1 said that what he
ated in reference to the constitution o|
> till 11 i I ?1 v* ?* " " ' -
mil 111 rVMKHlStl l?l j?H\
niijj which 11ii<I I..11.11 111>11) in.-, ami ili.it
.ete waa tin Mich tiling i.i l.o I', it ml ii the
nistitulion ot South Carolina a> ho ha>
noted. I will road the clause:
"No person shall be eli^ii-lo to a so.it in
ie Hotiso of Kcpr< senlaiiv ;a, unless lie
a fiee white man, of il.e a^e >>f twenty
le years, ami hatli hceii a eiliZen ami ie
.lent of this Stale tin oo \ eni > joc'v i. >ii? to
is election. It a resident in the election
strict, lie shall not ho eligible to a seat hi
ie llotiso of Representatives, ur.le-s ! e In
gaily seized and possessed, in liis own
oht, of a settled freehold estate of live
itndred ncros cf land, ati.l tor n. i;ro.'*; or
a real estate of the value of otto hundred
id fifty pounds sterling, elenr of del t It
non resident, 4j0 shall he loyally seized
id possessed of a settled freehold estate
eiein of the value of live hundred pojnda
erling, clear of debt."
I veniuie to ?ay that nearly half of the
omlam* of (he Legislature ol S"Uth Cam
tin. particularly those who come fioin the
ffll* and cities, do not own a ncgio at all;
id very tow of lliein, as my colleague
tows, own five hundred acres of laud
erchanta do not want it; lawyers do not
ant it. The tenure by which they hold
eir offices is mainly bv the latter clause
iiicli the Senator left out, that a man !<
. tti;..il.i. .. - -? *
, , it rfill III 1110 1IOI1SO lit
eptosenlntivus inust (.?t, prnpciiy to
10 amount of jC|60 sterling. clear of
lit. That is a little over 7(H). Now
have got him; I call on Senators to
invict hitn. There is but one vordict
Inch can bo ren<lereil. He has gone out
the way to asRail the constitution of
tilth Carolina, ami, in assailing il, ho it
lilly of the worst of all faults. 1 cannot
nceive of a worse prodicainant than his
ii'i, professing pedantic accuracy, at: '
.ting in jinlgment on (he quotations of
hers, is reduced to tiro nllei native of ad
illing that he never read what lie quoted,
, if lio had read it could not understand
or garbled it.
Again, sir; ho snvs tlio constitution of
mill Carolina is republican only in fonn
my there is no State in the Union whose
n?tilulion gives a moro enlarged right of
ffrage. I have not the provision now bo
ro ino, but I can state what my colleague
lows to bo the fact, that every free whit?
an of South Carolina, of the age of twen
, ty-otie, has a right of suffrage, provided h'
i< pays * venteen shillings of tax. I ?oay Li
1 mistaken, perhnps in the amount,
y Mr. Evmis. Tiit-re in no tax nt nil re
I quired if he is ft resident, and linn residu<
r nix mouths in ihe election district. '1 liei
] lie ii entitled to vote without proper tj
V qualification.
ii Nl . Under. Tf lie hail resided there fo
a six mow lis, no property qualification ii re
a quired; but, it he lias not lesided mi long
e be must have a very small amount of land
c Our people do wot even pay n poll tax. IIei<
t is the piovinioii of the South Carolina con
< oliiution:
i? "Evory freo white man of tho age o
i twent)-one year^ being a citizen of tbii
y State, and having resided therein l to year:
previous to the dav of election, and win
f? hath a fieehohl of fifty acres of land, or t
town lot of which he hath been legallj
seized and poa.*e?ed at lea-l six month'
before such election, or, not having sncl
* ttec-hold 01 town lot, hath been a resideni
in the election district ill which lie offers t<
; give his vote six months before the said
; election, and hath paid a lax tho prcced
i ing year of tlireo shillings sterling toward*
e the MipjKirt of tln-? government, ' hall hav?
a right to vote for a uieinber or tnemtreri
t to serve ill either branch of the Legislature
i lor Hits flection di*litct in v hicli lie holdr
i such property, t>r is ?o resident."
> The Senator has presumed to clir.rneter5
izo her constitution as republican only in
r hum, when II (lib the freest Mini most en;
I!?14i*-*cl right ol vutiragn or liny Slato ill
ihe Union. I grant you liiHt, when the
Legislututc come into operation under the
i consilium in, there am conservative dementi
I which, 1 thank Cod, have withstood the
[ wild helitig ot what is called the | rogrest
i of the Iniie?; but it does not become mo to
nihide It1 iheni tiow,
I come next to an Allegation which, i!
the Senator were Iieie, 1 think he would
' not look trie in llie face when 1 repeat it,
> and that is, his insolent and untitle charge
1 of iho "sliainetttl iiitls-cdity" of South Chio1
In.H during llie war of the Revolution in
. Oiismpience of slavery. Sir, ingratitude is
llie Hi-iibtei of vices, and when it is associated
with injustice, it ought to ho con'
detuned by the Consuming indignation ol
1 even those who may to m>,row be our ad.
ver?aries. \\ hat are the facts? The news
of the battle of Lexington whs carried to
i Charleston by express; and the very day
! I hey leceived the intelligence the Liberty
Men, as they were called, broke open the
arsenals and distributed* the arm*. It was
but a few day's afterwards before Button
i sent a vessel to South Carolina for biead
and wme. We sent then, I think,$5,600
worth ol -provision*, ami seventy barrels ol
witio?'J tic Maiuo liquor law d.J not piei
j vail in Boston at that l inc. {Laughter J
Wegavetheiii bread, ami, 1 answer for II,
j S -titii Car lina has never asked pay for
i in-r liu.-pilalliy. Slid vvi uld never biook
the thought ol risking pay for tile broad
.-lie p--Ui i out U|H>it her coiiiiI) v II.* n; cou.iiryiucli
iht-y were, sir. Mas-acliU-etts wa-i
without powder ilivll, and we fuiliishcd her
wiili it.
line I will say, iesi [ foigct it, that the
ba tics o| Lexington and Bunker 11.11 in
i the Revolution 1 regard as the battles ol
: Mai ithoii ai d Salami*. They gave the
Couiiiioiiwealth of Massachusetts an mi
mortality t--r Commencing thd g! rio is
iconie.-t which has resulted in the imh-jmn
denee ol llie-e (Jinleil Slates; and (
t sliad he the last mall to touch the laurel
I ciown winch ?ruws from tin* t-lood that
j enncliod the s-'H up'ui wh ,-!? ili b.?tih*s
i were tought. The veiy powder that was
I Used alter the I ilth- of ii('nk<-r lllh Was
Iiiriii-ecd by J" u.ii Qmoltlia. Here is i ip
entry, not onlv in the history ot South
l Oaio.ini, but ii. tire h'.sloiy of .V, i?-acliU
sells. ill K ttli-.?\ s lllslori ol .In- Retool
1 lion iii >>ouili Ca roll Ii a, volume I, page 4 1,
y uu will lit id:
I <ii tut) uiiio it.i tnese ir.ihtaiv prepar*
, lions wtoo making, i!:u w 11 it if ({..utility of
powder in the province did not exeted
ill.CO lllOI.>.l!ld |Hllltld?. lild Jlf.jlltJ llol
origuiahy designing it military opposition,
novate was I.ikon to prox nlo slore.s; but
now, toliiccil in the ttlleiu ilivo of lighting
in stihm111 nig, etinmrdiiiiir) methods xvero
taken lo "l?t.on n supply. 1'iie inhabitant*
<>1 K it t l loiitln having never joined in
nieaMiies ot opposition to (*i?'.ii liiitain,
mo if-rii t.f iluu province were open lor the
. |>ii jio e> ol lrail*.
"i'welvc pursuit*, in which number wrro
it:' linled Captain lVtrpiitfie, Covin.hi. Slat
l< r, I itlli, Joy i or, Me?>ri. l?? ant, William*
foil, all.I Jenkins, authorized III tile C.OIII!
c?I of Solely, m?ilet! fr??ut Chat lesion lot
. that c i->t. iitnl. In supprise. boarded n vci
sel neai the liar of Si. Augtl-linp. though
clve Urilisli gtetMdier* of iln? Mill r*1gimeiit
ttcro mi It. an!. Tliov took out flfteei!
tlions m<! pounds of powder, l?>r which
they ^iiva a lutl of exchange lo the captain;
and, having K. t ured a >afo relr.-at to themselves,
by spiking l lie gilli- ??f '.he powder
vessel, tliey set sail far Carolina. Apprehending
that they sin aid be liurstied, they
Mceicd tor Heaufoit. Fioin llinl place Jiev
came by the in.and navig ilum, and deliver
ed ill ir pn/.e to the Council of Safety,
whilst llieir pursuers were looking for I hem
a i the bar ot Cliai lesion. litis ?e tsonablo
supply enabled lite people of South Carolina
to oblige the r suffering brethren in
Massachusetts, who, though nrimediately
expo-ed to tho Uritish army, were in a
; gient inoaame destitute of tl> e r?, ?
! articlo of
In u book published in Huston, entitled
"Dealings with liio Dead," I fin J theso entries:
"Our Southern confederate* are entitled to
t civility, lin'miH) tliov are in?*i? and brethren;
anil they are on tilled to kindncvt and
courtesy from ns or B??M?>n, because ivb
| nwo tliom a debt of gratitude which it
would bo idiHinoful to forgot, Since we, of
the North, have pre*unied to bo undertaker*
upon this occarinn, let us do lh<? thing
'DE CEVrfia ET OK.VATE.' !i?*?idoH, our friend*
of tiio South are notoiiously testy and hot
hoaded; they are, geographically, children
i of the sun. John Smith's description of the
a Massachusetts Indian*. in 1614, Richmond
a * ?!i ion, 2, 1U4. i* truly applicable to the
Southern people; 'very kind, but, in their
fury, do less valiant.'
1 "I Rm no tuoro inclined uphold the
i South in the continued practice of a moral
f wrong. because tliey gave us brand when
we were hungry. h+ they certainly di?l, than
r was Sir Matthew Hale t<? decide favorably
for the suitor who sent him the fat buck.**
"June '24, 1774. Twenty four days af.
ter the port hill went into operation, a
i public meeting was held at Charleston
South Caroli .a. Tiro moving spirits were B
the Tiapiers and tho Elliotts, the (lorries
f and the Chok^'ors, the Gadsden# an I the
Pinckiifeys, of that day; and resolutions
i were paved full ofbtolherlv love and sym 0
> | ath\ for the inhabitants of Boston."
i 1 "New Yoik, August 15, 1774. Saturr
| day last Captain Dickerson arrived here, w
x and brought three hundred ami seventy-six
i barrels of r^ e from South Carolina, to be at
t Hold, and proceeds remitted to Boston, a g:
> | present to the sufferers; a s ill larger cargo tii
I is to be shipped for the like benevolent pur fo
I pore "
i | "Lot the work of abolition go forward hi 1
j a dignified and decent spirit. L?-t us argue; w
? j and, so far as we rightfully may, Jet us in
, legislate. Let us bring the whole world's til
r sympathy up to the work of emancipation, w
Bui let us not revile and vituperate those pi
who are, to all inlents and purposes, our tit
i brethren, as certainly as if they lived just p?
over the lioxbury line, instead of Mason Tl
i and Dixon's. Sin li harsh and unmiliga lit
i i toil A
. | owning mm its we IOU CXltfll W|t? ^
' neas ,are equally ungracious, ungehlleman- u<
| ly ami ungrateful." nc
The Senator nays that the southern hi
Stales, in consequence of slavery, betrayed wi
during the revolutionary war a "shameful W
imbecility." I challenge hnn to the trull* of
of his cry. There was not n battle fought hii
south of the Potomac which was not fought be
by southern troop* and slaveholders, even nc
, if you choose to exclude Pennsylvania, lc
which was at that time a sbivehobling rii
State. Muhlenberg's continental regiment ro
was a!way? with them, nod 1 love to allude wi
toil; but not a New England squad, com pa ill
ny, or regiment ever passed the Potomac; ot
* and yet the Senatorsava that but for north- ati
! ern aid ill? southern Stales could nol have ?h
' sustained themselves. ha
i Sir, who fought the b.lttl? of King's ill
' Mountain? Il was not fought by anybody : *
' in pay. Patriots foiglil it, but they never j
I 'eceived a dollar. That battle made mi *u
. impression; perhaps tlie most r. mrtrkable of of
' any during the war. It turned tbo tide of ch
J events. Who fought the battle of Cowpeus? Sc
Theie w an none in (bat battle from the north lai
of Maryland. The commander in that battle th
| was lJaniel Morgan; the hero of lit? dnv th
! was perhaps, John Eager Howard. Col. wi
Washington, commander of the cavalry, gi
and Pickelin, h citizen of South Caro
iiiin, and one of the heroes of the en
war, commanded the militia, and lliey of
[ ne\?i id tank from their duty. Il has been I ill
said <>f the S .utlt Carolina tnilitut, during
the I Revolutionary wa>, that they were on be
! ly raw* troops, who stood to their guns and tit
position, whenever thev were mustered in i*.?
I to the service, and called up >11 to perform CI
duiv. th
\\ ho fought the battle of II d.ltirk's Ililll th
General Gieeu was tlie c tmnnnder; and ui
!: after wards bOfM'ne r. slavvhold r, and,
' of liis otvn cli< ice, liver! and died in a w<
1 Southern Slate, among friends and Coin fei
nnles in i lia. W ho fought the hnttlo of to
Eutawf Was there anv New liog'aml re j nc
giiiielit, or c npuny, squad there} Not j i.u
1 one. That battle, lire most distinguished la?
which lies ever been l-ejgiit in the rllthein i tlr
portn ii < ! the U rate lcaev, was f<itrg.it by j t?y
southern slaveholders from Man land. Vir* eit
jg n ?. South (..ai 'iina, North Carolina, and , W
Georgia. 1" ?ev weie exclusively wonthcm j \1
(loops. In tiit* f ice of these t.icis, I he Seinv i to
j tor said tile imbecility of the S IU. Il, HI .slllg ill.
[ from slave)y, vv is Mich that they Could not nu
IIglit their baides vviilionl aid. tei
Sh.aiiud 1 call v.pnn theshade of r\ Han pr
c\>. k and Ada<u-> ; look down and reprove hi
a degeneate *?u who can thu* invade tlie
very Mtncliinv of I lie history which has J G<
given them immortality. I o>
I).? you think lliat, *:r, In* this rematk I '*
reproach llie lioons ..f New England) X'l,
sir. Vi hen Y )i ktovv11 iurro.iidared, ti< "r?*
?,i< tint a N'l-.v Engl iii'I regiment lliei'V, I lvl
have a ii't "f 111u troops alio wore present. w;
liut because 1 >uy that southern troops and '"I
, those fiom IVmi-vlvaiiia alone engaged in *v
these tlistiuguidicd buttles, do I leprovh I'"
the 11 (>|h <>t Massachusetts} G<h1 forbid!
They were under the connna.i l of Wash- 4"
ingum at ilie time wiieti ho went to Voik
loan, an<l, a- wan Ilia duty, ho s-nt them to 551
di Ion 1 the vulnerable points of New York 1'?
an l IJji'.nti. i Vu
Now I will make a remark which I hope j
the Senate will remember: N itwithst ind In
ing tlieir relative numbers eompnied with u'l
tlie pay li?t of New England, you may '''l
take the Hgliing days?if you have a mind ^
to compute it as you would labor?yon tvl
may take tlie lighting davs during which
the troops of South Carolina were engaged, (>"
and in the computation the balance will be l'i
found greatly against Massachusetts. If lcl
you havo a mini to draw wnno other test *1"
?if yon wish to test the question of 1:0
sacrifice, and moasuro it by blood. South 1,1
Carolina lias noiirad out lm rilm,,!. ..ri.:.,.. i of
i 6 v.. u.wxi
where gallons have been puttied out by er
Ma^xvlilMltv | ^
In proof of ll?U I give a lUt of battles ',:l
fottglil in South Cm roll nu, ami enco was * . ',n
bloody hauler 1 Rr
Battle of Fort Moultrie. j l''
B itlle of Stouo. | w'
Siege of OIihi lesion. j
Buttle of Camden. j \?
Battle of Hanging Rook. ; ^ll
| Battle of Mii-giove's Mill. I co
Battle of BlackMock*. I
Battle of Uoiijj?lowii, and the battle at ha
Black Mingo, l>y Mcrion. Se
Bat'le of King'* Mountain. 14 i
Battle of Uowjien*. ev"
Battle of Full Dain Ford; by Suraier. P?
\ Battle at Ninety-Si*. be
Batt'c at Fort Galphin bnl
1 1 I
Battle Hi Fori Watson.
Battle nt Fori M"tte.
Battle hi Hobkirk's IIilT.
Battle of Gisoibv.
Battle of Cedar Spring.
Battle of lfammuud's Store.
Battle of Qiin.by.
Battle of Eutavr.
Battle of K- ckv Monnt.
Baltic of Port Royal.
Battle of T" latin ny.
Battle of Coosahalchta.
Battle of Waxtiar* settlement, Letwce
eanfoit and Tarlclon.
Battle of Cloud's Creek.
Battle at Hays's station.
BI salv battle of Kettle Creek, fought b
ener.al Pit ken*.
Battle of lloucka defeat.
Blvasly b.title of Twelve-Mile Creek, I:
li icli Salvador* fell.
These were all fought in South Carolim
t<l in which South Carolinian* were er
iged, and were bloody battles. In add
:>n there were almost daily skirmish*
tight by M ni n Mild Sum er.
But I do not hi. mc Massachusetts, A:
hare said she had g ry enough, and *h
as covered with g'ory enough by ft!
g the bold stind which ?-he did in pu
:ig the ball of revolution in motion; bu
lien the Senator undertakes to ca-t r<
oaches on ihe history of Sonth Car<
ia, ho will have to take hard cotr
trison*. She got bread from her comradt
ie mall who now reproaches South Cart
ia, a* 1 said a little while ago, is a d?
tnerale son reproaching the dearest an*
are->t comrade of his mother. Yon car
it gel ovei the error* lie has committed i
story; you canuot obviate the mdignit
illi which the arrow lias been slio
hclher he shut it with the reckless n:n
one who had his hand upon the bow
id directed the shaft con cion* that it ha
i?mi dipped in the poison of others, [ kmn
a; but 1 have uiima?ked him; I li.no d(
Cted ntul rxiHMeil the m??i
i -t ? ? :? * '" 8r
e Willi error, and audi a proclivity to ei
r, tiii?t I cannot ol?-ei ve tlie line of trull
lliout Mich dttvinliutn as to bring; on til
e censure, not of uue intentionally guilt
itii-ciiuoJ, but one who, under the gu*
id whirlwind of paiwion, ciinnot <>b*erv
m line of ttuih. 1 have delected him.
tve exposed knit, and now I demand fi
e Senate a v*rd:0t t,f guilty. I pause, sii
m * % i m *
No*, I coine lo another branch of th
bjocl, and it i*, I confess, the soiest on
all. The Senator has inade a very grav
aige upon Joint Rutiedge?not UPH
tutu Uaiolina in that point of view. Th
;t<? in relation lo that transaction ar
ce: Wlieu Geu. Lincoln was called I
c coiiiinand of the Southern army, Prevo*
is in possession of Savannah, and ' ?eo;
a ie fact was under British authority
lieu Lincoln took coil*(Qaud of the South
ii 11 oops, be conceived tin; bold exp Tiinei/
cio^-iug tiic Savannah river ai-.d reclaim
g Geoigut. ilis wily adversary, win
i> in S i*anuah, took advantage of hi
ing at Augusta, about one hundred am
ly indva above, crossed the river at >avan
ill. and made his way to the gates t
i triestou. Wliec he reached Charle-lot
e.e weie about six hundred troops tmde
e command of Moultrie, and as man
der Pulaski. He had about f Ur thou
iid. The militia, and. i believe, even th
ilieit, k.-pt watcll tbe wliolu night fo
n ttie town Would be termed, lu orde
gain time, a pat ley* was proposed th
xi day. Ru:led *o sett three ditfe*en
in mi-si mis. ll? knew that Lincoln wouh
upon the Ibui-li if tjo c.'tild only detail
en u#r a ii i_v. iiixi parte? wxi iv^iirrtii
liii frit-m!a as a sttairtgem. Soineofhi
mines were iii p i??l to assail hull far 11
iitUi they w^ro or. that very jitrlet
i>uti*ie -mil th-tt Km ledge had nu ncfi
touch the n urivHi; lie l?un>elf #nt com
*nder>iii chief, aiiii Unt'edgo could U
tiling hi Inifemur lo comply with th
run w Inch, lor Mp|?e*rnuce sak.*, lie bai
oposcd. Here ia lie notice of it bj ih
"it was presumed by tiio garii?on tlin
.Herat Lincoln, wiili iliy iirmy Milder Iii
intiiati*I, \v;ia in close pursuit uf (ietiei <
cvnai, bm bis precise situation whs uii
io*vit in cveiy person within the line*. T
mi time m such ciicilin-lances v,.nn tr.ii
r ol greet cmiserineuce. A whole du
it llierclore spent in senu'iig an I reeei*
f tlC<>iiitiiia>ioneia fioin the garri
n in Charleston were instructed lo p c
no 'h neutrality dining thy war hctwvei
eat liiilain and America: and thai tl:
icvlioii, whether the stale shall belong t
cat Hritain or remain one of the Unite
alt", ha ileteimined by the treaty <?f jhj.ic
twecii ilie-e Powers.'" Ramsay'a ilislon
!. 2. p. 27.
V\ niisi they were upon that parley, i
ippeiied that Lincoln cmne up and drov
f I'revort. That very proposition of Rui
!gc resulted in the safety of Charleston
niie ??f ins eiiem es have said that th
fur of hia situ itinn w is so great, tho w<
cti and children being in the town, wit
ly twelve hundred troop* to defend i
at lie was willing to capitulate on sue
nils as would save innocence from th
ingers of a storm. His fticiids have gi?
it a different eomp!e\ion. Be that as
ay, everybody knows that the Govemc
South Carolina at that time hall uo pow
to make such an engagement. Prtvor
low it just as well as an v lardy else. Ifli
d agreed to it, I presume Utll.'edg* Conl<
vo drawn out of it the next lay, oti th
mind that there was no authority to nrak
o stipulation. It was during the turn
icti this matter was under Consult a lion
>it Lincoln CMtne up ami drovo off Pre
st, and foiigiit the Celebrated battle ?
mio, so much pokcti of in the sotitlieri
n n try.
Hut suppose that John R ithdge eouh
ve subjected them to iho leiios vrliich ih
iieiu tii met ceiiMireo?lor lie t* u>>ionl]
uipt'iiur lawyer to hit in jinl^iuont ol
try body eUeV Ihw knowledge, but ?l ?p
iua lio i* .1 military mnn, though t
itrd of it be lot e: Su|?|k>s? that Joint Rttt
i go bud stipulated. a', ftr as he cotih
AO. 19.
sii. that the p^p's of Charleston
should be emitted to British protection as
long as they observed their parol, Was It
Anything more tlinn his own countrvtnan.
General Lincoln, did, on the 22d of May of
the following rem? General Lincoln was
severely censured for his act; but it wee
done from f? clings of hmr.unitj. He couM
have evacuated the city of Chat lesion, and
raved his army, as Washington did at
Philadelphia; but, in?teadof that, be agreed
to stand by the houres of the women and
n children in Charleston at all hazard-*, end
run the risk of the censure pronounced on
hun by military inen. He capitalated: and
is hat were the terms of the capitals!ionf
y That the iniliiin should he under British
protection, and should not be disturbed, in
person or property, as long m they obeeren
ed their paiol.
That was the act of Lincoln. He could
i, do no more. The military men who were
i uaJer his command were subject to be exi
changed as prisoners of war. The Senator
rs has gone out of his way to pr.-nounce a
judgment against Rulledge, to which bis
>r own countrymao has been actually liable,
uf 1 will give you an incident to show you the
c- ditlereuce between the taunting injustice
t ami malignity which prevail now, and the
t, chivalry which prevailed then. When they
) came to the terms of capitulation, Lincoln,
> wuh the pround spirit of a military man,
> insisted that he should leave Charleston
5. beating the American inarch, with bis cob
i- ors unfolded, his Hag furled. Clinton told
- him, "No, sir; we hAve reduced you to our
d own terms, and we intend to degrade you;
i- you are rebels, and deserve none of these
a honors at our bauds."
y When Yorktuwn was taken, who was
t. delegated to prescribe the terms of capitan
In(ion) John Laurens,of whom it has been
r, said that a daring courage was the least of
d lua srcomnlulisiafii- ??' -- ? e
_ r OHU nil MCCM WI 11
v tuft greatest fault. \Vli?n Laurent was
? culled upon by General Washington, wlio
* behaved on that occasion wiili a delicacy
Mini propriety * Inch history ad poetry
li ought to commemorate, he told Laurens,
e *5>ir. as your city surrvtulered to Clinton, I
y delegate to you the authority to prescribe
it the teirns oo which this am render shall be
e made." Corn wadia said to him, "These are
1 hatd lenu-, to require us to jo out with
>f folded colore, and to beat the Turk's tnarch,
r. a neutral inarch. ' Laurens said, "There
* ahull not be u dot of an t or n cross of a i
e in the terms of capitulation at Yorktown.
e which was not observed at Charleston." To
e make it m >re delicate to Lincoln, on whom
n { the ehade of censure had somewhat passed
? j for Liu cooduct ul the siege of Charleston.
l* Ltuienssaivl that it was proper to select
u Lincoln to teceive the sword from Cornl
? all is, as he had surrendered the sword to
- Clinton. You will see trim in the foreground
of the picture in the Rotunda. There was
i- chivalry, sir?a chivalry peculiar to the
t days in vrbirh it was exhibited. Is such
conduct as that to be under the censure of
o a iheloricnl fabiicator at this day? It is
s hard to bear?it is unjust in itself.
j now, ?r, i have done wiili these topics,
i* I have not vindicated the history of South
?( Carolina. 1 a-?k tho S-nate to beitr me
>, testimony, lLai I have not gone iuto iliis
r matter wiib a view lo \iud<caie her. Sb?
\ d ?" not need it. Adopting the language
of Dauiei \V?bster, I may *ny: "There is
e South Carolina; there she Mand*: she speak*
r for herself; she need* no eulogy;" ?be canr
not bo injured by the detraction of one
e who is under au influence -???. of justice,
i truth, or honor.
t Colo.--For every aide that we leave the
d ?niface of our earth, the temperature falls 5
* degrees. Al thirty five miles di?ianco
:. from the globe wo get l?ey<?nd the atinospbere,
aud outer, slrialv speaking, into the
l regions ??f spaco, whose temperature is 225
degree* below zero; and trere cold reigns ill
o all its power, Some idea of this intense
e edd may be formed by stating that the
j greatest co!?i observed mi die Arctic Circle
e is from 40 degrees to 60 degrees below zero;
and hero in any surprising eifevts are
it produced. In the chemical litbaratory, the
9 greatest cold Ural we can produce is about
d 150 degrees below zero. At thi9 teii?|?erature,
caibonic acid gas b comes n aiBil
o substance, tike mow. If tollchcd, it produce
j-:-t tlie xitlRd effect upon the skm as *
y red hoi cinder; it bliaora the Soger like a
' burn. Quicksilver or mer ury lieez-'s at
i- 40 degrees in-low z-*ro? that is, 72 tie>
glees below the temperature at which wn
ij ter freezes. Tim solid mercury mny then
e he t tea ted as other metals, hammered into
o | sheet*, or made into spoons. Such iq?oons
d would, however, melt in water as warm as
ei ice. It is pretty Certain that every liquid
\ and gas that we are acquainted with
would become solid if exposed to the cold
it of the regions of >paoe. I tie gas we l-gbt
o in our meets would appear like was; oil
t would be in reality "a* Lard as a rock;"
?. pure spirit, which we havo never vet soiidi*
e tied, would appear like a block of transpa?
I runt cri'vl*)- ?*"* 1
1.. ^wvgci' jj" woitiu oecorne
quilo solid, nod renuuit* t> a metal; w?
i, Aliould Ik< ?tb>? lo turn butter in ft lathe like
li a juecu r?f ivory; And the fragrant odor* ot
e flowers would have to be made hot Ive/hro
they would yield perfume. T1k**?o n:e a
it few of the Astonishing effects of cold.
r' Comiso Round.? 1 he Northern papers
' Are modifying their tone toward* Mr. Btook*
I Tho Boa:on Pilot say?:
e Yhf. Si amkr Affair.?The sjxrech of
e Senator Butler, to whom Senator dhsmwrV
a studied phillipic wa* a reply, hat hoen pubi,
)i?hcl. It is pArtii ularlv distinguished for
) it* high gentlemanly tone end e* predion,
>t ami eotH|?l?(rly annihilate* the pretence
ii that Senator Butler had provoked the grot*
p^.r* >n ah lies indulged in by Mr. Sumner.
I L*-?t week Mr. B.ilier replied to Mr. Sume
j uer's *p<atcli in iu gentlemanly a manner
r ts iv..* j. i-*iF>lo for a p.?ny personally inn
I jurwd to deal with nuh a virulent attack,
i- J It is quite evident that Brook* mi?*od a
r | rt^jure in inte*poring with hi* cane between
; hi* aged relative and Li* iK-ad vised aod
II ill judging naaailnnt

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