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Gazette of the United States & evening advertiser. [volume] (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1793-1794, January 28, 1794, Image 3

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>tee mail pretty clearly fee that he was in
Tavor of the refutations.
Me. Smith, (M.) rose, especially to
make lome reply to an ohfervation which
5/ad fallen from a member from Pennfylva-
Qia, (Mr. Findley) ydterday. That gen
tleman had remarked, that those merchants
who were not dependent on foreign cre
dit but on their own capital were in favor
of the refutations. He was not furpri
zid, he said, that merehants at f:rit view
ihould approve of them ; he owned, that
a: firlt view he was under that iinprefiion ;
but he was unwilling to make up his mind
before a mature inveltjgation of the fub
jecl, and he believed, that those very mer
chants would be of his opinion did they
take the pains he had taken to be well
informed. The last refohittorl in partic'fl-
I:ir, he remarked, is well calculated to bi
as those who had furfered from piratical
'■whations, he had felt an impreflion from
it, for he was liable like other men to be
warped by wtereft, he imagined; he had
faltered fevercly from those depredations,
tho' the gentleman from Pennfylvanja
seemed to iiifiijnate, (and he found that
what he had said was so understood out
of doors) that he was one of those mer
chants who traded upon British credit;
yet, he had loft as much by those spolia
tions as that gentleman would think a
hardfome fortune for his foil.
Mr. l'indley assured the gentleman that
his observation was a general one and that
he had no eye to what might be his mer
cantile si tuition.
Mr. Smith (Hid, thit knowing the cap
('.id not fit him he fhotild not have taken
): up if he hsd not heard whifper6 of its
being intended for him. There was how
ever a time when it would have fitted him.
He facrificed his fortune in the service of
his countrv, when (trugling for indepen
dence ; when that boon was obtained, his
industry and commercial entciprize alone
remained ; these assisted by that credit so
much deprecated enabled him to make an
other, and to be in a Otuation again to
fcrve his country. The character of mer
chants is generally not properly apprecia
ted, they are conlidered as intfcrefted and
narrow minded. These are not the cha
racterise features of the American mer
chant at least. He pa.Ted a handsome en
comium on their general information, and
enterpriztt.
He was not fnrprized, he said, to hear
that Come merchants (hould advocate the
refutations; if thry affected the credit we
are able to obtain in Great-Britain, the
merchant of great capital only could trade,
a complcat commercial aristocracy would
be eflabliihed. Young men with small
capitals, would not be able to embark in
trade, the wealthy trader would engross
the whole, and instead of i o*per cent now
received, 25 would be extorted. It is no
hardlhip to the young trader to make use
of Britilh capital paying an interest of 5
per cent when he co>:ld borrow the mo
ney uo where else, and must remain idle
without it.
He concluded by a few general obfer
vat'ons on the balance of trade and the
propriety of permitting commerce to find
its ow:i level. To he continued.
UNITED STATES.
BOSTON, January 15,
We are told that the following melan
cholly event took place yesterday: A son of
Mr. Cox, the celebrated Architect, in
viewing a wild Panther, which a (hew-man
bad in his possession, in Medford, was sud
denly fcized by the voracious animal, and
his head and face torn in so (hocking a
manner, that his death would be a consola
tion to his desponding relatives. The
of the animal was so great, that
5 persons could hardly disengage its teeth
and claws from the unhappy vi£lim of its
rage. It is hoped the Legislature will
provide by lew, for the security of the
lives of people, that if persons will endea
vor to obtain money, by the (hew of wild
beads, that they may be properly confm-
Ed in cages,
EASTON, (Maryland)
The Following parage, from a very cele
brated writer, with some exceptions to the
Words M'-narcbs and Throne, because the
science of government is better understood
at this time of day, may be considered as
applicable to the present unhappy state of
our Gallic Friends and their enemies, from
whence we may venture to predict their
happy tranfi'.ion from error to Truth, and
from anarchy to good government fotind-
Ed on the true principles of Liberty and
Equality.
" The violent shock between a mass of
errors ufeful to t <e free, and powerful,
and the truths 10 important to the many
and the weak, with the fermentation of
paßlons excited on that occasion, are pro
ductive of infinite evils to unhappy mor
tals. In the fhidy ofhiftory, whole prin
cipal periods, after certain intervals, much
refembfe each other, we frequently find,
m the necessary parage from obfeurity of
ignorance to the kj'it of philosophy, and
from tyranny to liberty, its natuial con
fequenee, one generation facriiiced to the
happiness of the But when this
flame is extinguished, ard the world de
livered from its evils, truth, after a very
flow progress, fits down with" monafchs
on the throne, and is worshipped in the
aflTemblies of nations.—Shall we then be
lieve, that light diiTufcd among the peo
ple is mqre destructive than darkness, and
that the knowledge of the relation of
things can ever be fatal to mankind !"
NEW-YORK, January 24.
The Times, a London paper, of Nov.
14, fays—" Thomas Paine has left Paris
and failed for America, the asylum for all
emigrant politicians."
It having been mentioned in the daily
pap-rs, " that a child had presented a
forged check at the Branch Bank, and
received thereon 50 dollars : We are au
thorised to fay—That this Child was a
(lout, cunning lad, who had probably for
ged the check himfelf, and who, on pre
senting it, and being closely questioned,
attempted to fly, hut v.t.s piirfueil, tafceit,
carried before the M-.yor and committed
to gaol—No money was paid on the
check.
Extract of a letter from London, to an
Anglo-American merchant in this city.
London, Sept. 30, 1793
" Your excellent letter, containing a
very pleasing account of your reception in
America, together with your general ob
servations on the noble simplicity of repub
lican manner#, and the beantiea of the
country, raised in my mind a f«t of feeling*
more ardent and more fublirne than I had
fdt for some time—for you well know the
miserable din and clang of politic* witich
constantly assault our ear*, and crucirjr.our
feelings here—our bell face* grin but a
ghallly smile, compared with ytwra.
" I observe your mind, (so accuftoru
ed to political invcftigation) feel* a ge
nerous expanse in that clime which it con
genial to your nature. I cannot consider
you as an Exotic in America, you are a
Native tif that pure air of freedom which
they breathe. Your intervie-r with the
President George Washington, must have
afforded you the most exalted pleasure—l
recognized in the true features that il
lustrious man, whose character throws in
to (hade most of the splendid names in the
world, and I formed a wi(h to enjoy the
fame gratification at feme future period.
" 1 think I the noble simplicity
of your p\il>lic assemblies in that rational
and dignified method of business you fa
well describe : disdaining the Imposture
and Artifice of some European govern
ments, they never feel what is called the
State Neceflity of pra&ifing them. One
of the peculiar excellencies of your govern
ment is, that it affords few temptations
to alienate the Governors from their duty,
and few means of rendering corruption pa
latable to the Governed. In the piefent
imperfect (late of man, we must produce
virtue by destroying the alluiementi of
vice. I apply this remark to our political
fy Items—remember the infamy of Electi
on Jobs in a country you once knew—.iot
only the Elected but the Ele&ors become
corrupt: they like the poison that cor
rodes their own vitals ; there i»a£tion and
reaction of vice between government and
the people, which produces a Body of In
iquity that pollutes the whole land. The
excellence of your constitutions will, I
doubt not, produce oppofitc effedis—the
opportunity of debasing each other v.'ill
ftldom
" 1 am far from supposing that in an
Improved state of Society such compara
tively low motives to public virtue will be
necefiary. The relative duties of society
I trust will be so well understood, the 1-
dea: of general justice so strong in the hu
man character, and the divine principle of
doing to others as we wish they (hould do
unto us, be so operative that the practice
of it will be uuiverfal. At present we are
only Children in practical Knowlidge, and
Babes in the Practice of it. The great
principle, that the Only end of good go
vcrr.ment is the Happiness of the Govern
ed, will, like the lea of eternal truth, e
ventually swallow up the llreams of error
and corruption, and produce a sum total
of human felicity not yet to be calculated.
" You taste at present a happy Earnest
of this felicity in America, and I know
of no country more likely to realize thdfe
enjoyments. The providence of God,
soon after its dlfcovery, pointed it out as
an afylnm for those brave and profeciited
Worthies, of whom Europe was not wor
thy—again you are a witness and a par
taker of the fame benefits Communicated
by that happy country. All Hail !
America, bicfied are thy friendly (bores
-bat welcome the opprefiTtd Sons of Free
dom ! blefTed is the raemoi-y of those Citi
zens whose blood purchased its independ
ence ! blessed be that hand who railed up
and preserved one diftinguiflied Patriot
through' that arduous contest to conduct
her to the joys of peace and good govern
ment ! We mayjuftly anticipate the prof
pecft of feeing thy exteniive climes explore',
and peopled by unnumbered millions, all
under the dominion of that Prince, whose
gospel speaks peace on earth and good
will towards men !
" Aridocracies and Heirarcbies alrea
dy (land aguail to hear that your country
affords such benefit* to man without Their
benign influence. To hear the wild and
arrogant boasts of fouic refpettiug their
particular conftitutioni ; you would think
that nature would not yield her accuilom
ed bounties but where They exist ; and
yet 1 understand Ycur rivers flow, and the
earth holds not D ick her increase.
" I congratulate your country on the
acccflion of learning and talents which it
will receive by the arrival of Mr. Cooper,
late of Maacliefter: He has failed, and I
suppose will soon be with you ; and I be
lieve I)r. Priestley is fully determined to
cross the Atlantic in the spring.—What
a number of wife and virtuous citizens will
America receive from the late perfecti
ons ! They will doubtlefsadd much to its
wealth and prosperity. I fay to you, not
with the authority, but with the langtiage
of an apoftlr, Salute the Brethren..
" With refpeft to the general complex
ion of a flairs, you will discover that from
the puhlic printa, better than 1 can detail
their.. Tli* misery, though Very great,
doe* not feean fuicient to produce much
wiiiioin.. All miitifterial cries are dill e
chucd by Bull—indeed he lw\d -fiu
committed lumfelf iuto the handj of the
minister, that his Pride forbids complaint.
Horridabeiia i» iillpurfued with unabating
fury, and apparently, far from a termina
tion—Surely, Thi» Blood (hall be requir
ed at theirheads!"
Extract of a letter from Philadelphia,
dated January 21
" A Wealthy Planter of St. Domingo,
arrived here three days ago from Havana,
declares, that 6,500 Troops, of the Spa
nish Line, had arrived at that port, two
days before he left it, and that he few the
whole of them disembark. These forces
are destined to co-operate immediately,
with their Allies the British, against the
French, cn the Island of St. Domingo."
PHILADELPHIA,
JANUARY 28.
From Correspondents.
An Extract.
IT lias been remarked, and probably
with a degree of truth, that some of the
people who have but lately made their es
cape from the bondage of the Old Coun
tries and Governments of Europe, to this
land of liberty, arc more difpolcd to lieen
tioufnefs, while they {hew a greater desire
to dictate to the Americans about the af
fair* of government,than perhaptany other
set of m*n in the United States. Admit
ing thit is the cafe, a corrtfpor.dent wishes
to know, from whertce arises such incon
sistency ? and if, at the fame time, thit it
i* an evidence of their vanity, it does not
•lfo prove that their minds, their manners,
an<l habits, at yet partake of the govern
ment under which they weri formed ; and
that liberty under a Republic, is a happi
ness which such men are not immediately
capable of enjoying, even fuppofmg them
to be worthy of it—whether they are not
apt to play the tyrant in their manner and
cotiverfation, while their ckmoui s refpeft
ing liberty are purposely carried to an ex
treme, leji ivc Jhould fufpe3 their JJncerity.
Our confident faction sometimes make
a racket about European connexions.—
We have nothing to do, fay they, with
their foolifh v.-;-?,their wafts cf blood ar*d
money—Let America court pecce ; fo
reign exampksare not adapted to the rules
of our policy, to the purity of our mo
rals.
~ This was the cant when it cculd be
turned againfl any of the "measures of the
general government—Witneli the - fczn-Ja*
lout ftyk of lalt winter's publications.
The lalt fix months produced event*,
which obliged the''very fame fadiou to ;;i
---tei their note.
Behold France-—hercaufe is oiircanfe,
said they. We mull connect cmrielveß
closely.with France. Her miniver, the
fame good man who has donefo much not
only to excite a war,, but to wage it, favs,
Form a family compa& with France—the
faction crics Anien. Our purity of mo
rals will be doubly refined by the imitation
of French examples; we (hall become
lambs for innocence.
Good men and true I mark it well—■
that the failion who pretend to he the
friends of the people, and who expect to
prove that they svre such, by (hewing that
they are enemies of their government —
theft men change their note at least once a
year.
Peace, peace, fay they, jvhen our fron
tiers and fea-ooafts and \e!Tels are to be
defended agninfl the Indians and Ade
lines. Spirit, deciiion, European con
nections, is the cry, when projects
are to be prosecuted.
It is a fact well known, favs a corref-'
pondent, that a very fericus alarm took
place last Summer- in London, among the
American merchants, on account of a ru.
rnor that heftile measures were impending
on the part of Great-Britain, againfl tin's
country —That alarm afterwards subsided ;
and many letters from that country pub
lished several weeks since, announced that
it was in consequence of the Proclamation
of Neutrality.
From a Paper.
We hear from Favettevi'le that his ex
cellency Richard Dobbs Spaight, Esq.
has been re-eiefted governor of this (late
for the next year.
The lion. James Coor, Wm. M'Clure,
Joseph Brickie. Thos. Brown,
Armftead, John Branch, and Richard
Nixon are appointed counsellors of ft ate.
The next general will tit in
compliance with the ordinance of the con
vention in the city of Raleigh.
For the Gazkttk of the United Stjim
MR. FF.nno,
THE extract of a letter from London,
dated November 2d, 1723, publithed in
your's and Mr. Brown's Gazette of tail
evening, is a manifeit and palpable fabri
cation, made up in this city,' by fume ] ri
tilh agent or partisan, with a design to
deceive members of Congiefs, and mificad
the public mind on the fubjeft of Mr.
Madison's propositions, now depending
before the Houfc of Representatives ; in
proof of this, it is only necefiary to remark,
00 the circumilance of the supposed letter
wi iter's knowledge of Mr.Pinckncy's (the
American Miniiler) remonflrance to the
Britiih Court, on tlie subjeCt of hojl'de
mcafures rejoined cn, (as the letter writer
fays) by that Courtagainfl the
when it is known by Mr. Finekney'aco.; -
refpondence now befi.re Congress, that no
such circumstance ever occurred—And
surely if the President of the United State*
ever knew of such a eircmnftar.ee, be would
not have failed to communicate it to Crn
grefrt—he has not done so, arid tbereft, z,
falfehood is stamped on every word of the
extratl in question.
L,et it be alio remarked, that tlie f M
extract contains a direct censure ngai--.lt
the conduct of the President of the United
States, for having withheld from
information so important and material for
them to know
Philad. 28th Jan. 1794.
*m * This day's pre:euli>:gs of Cvigrft
are ur.axouLibly 1 muted.
" 'Ju"ire," imsit exc'jf? the omif
f:on cf his performance—" Vks whole of
the petitioneri seem infer;libit- to the calls of
mercy, juitics and hiimii:K»"—" T"'i
eternal declamation of a set ct V-nr-bir, ned
enthusiast*" " Screech Owls"—" ii i
venlv ranters and holy mud me::"—" Ho
ly batteries" &c. aie phralts which occur
-in his Speculation—and are not <-:i!y irre
lative to the meritt of the que it ion—but
will not perhaps be jaflii.ed by or.i. c-uiQ»i
advocate for the i'heatrt.
TRUTH.

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