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Gazette of the United States & evening advertiser. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1793-1794, March 17, 1794, Image 3

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For Tar Gazette of tub Vsitlo States
Mr. Fenno,
A WRITER in your paper of Saturday
evening opposes the new dudes projetfled hy
Ctmgrel* on Brittlh manufactures on the
principle that they will eventually fall on the
conftrmers ; and he asks with an air of tri
umph, whether every man that builds a
house or wants a coat, fliould pay high prices
for hinges and cloths to compenlate the mer
chant ? I answer clearly yes —the merchants
are part of the community, and if they are
exposed to fuffer grievous oppreflions, with
«ut the power of retaliating by the forbear
ance of government, the whole community
are bound to bear their (hare of this loss as
well as the merchants. Pray, Sir, why fliould
not (hopkeepers feel a little what is going as
well as their brethren who are carried Haves
into Algiers, or plundered of their all in the
Weft Indies.
I believe if your friend the Iron Monger
had been accustomed to deal in British irons
of anoiher kind, as some of our unfortunate
countrymen have been, he would not write
with quite as much coolness as he does on this
occasion, but would be very ayt to become
a little of a busy politician himfelf, and join
the little gentleman in endeavouring to in
spire very tall gentleman with a with at least
by commercial regulations to repel the tin
merited ami unprovoked insults daily sustain
ed by our Commerce and
Foreign Intelligence.
LONDON Dec. 17,
Barnnve, latrly executed at Paris, was one of
the handforrefland mofl eloquent men of the
: hr was an advocate bv profeflion, and until
lire flight of the unfortunate L<>us to Virennes
a tetolutionift ; he had been several times Prefi
d-nt of the National Aflembly, and was one of
the deputies chosen to conduit the King to Pa
ris ; he was moved by Wis fuffeiings, and became
a profelvte to the cause when it was too late.
An epidemical fickncfshas broken out among
th* Portuguese troop? that were intended to ast
in concert with the Spaniards. Meeting withcon
trary winds, and being a long time at sea, is f3id
lo 1 uve caufrd this calamity.
The Pandora French frigate, and a cutter pri
vateer, have taken ten and four Dutch
ilirps, and sent most of them to Fiance.
1 he Americans have ordered thirty friga'es to
be built, in confequr nee of the declaration of
"war agamft that country by the Algetines.
All the Imall ports in the East Indies, which
were in pofFcflion of the Fiench, have either lur
rendered to, or been taken by our forces, of
%iuch Nahic and Chandernagore arc the chief-
About a forinighr ago, a beautiful cffilated
floor was d :fcovertd 011 the farm of Mr. Werier,
at IHe Lea, between Hanwoocl and Pont'(bury.
It is a „d 14 f cc t square, confiding of
small teffela- of red B>ick, whitilh marble, and
brown, bltfck, and grey ftone;and appears to
have belonged co some elegent Roman villa, mor
tar floors having been Inund near it, thrae feet
fflow its level, with ihe foundation* of such
nrirk pillars as usually supported the floor of the
iudatoiy : numerous fragments of square flues or
lunnc Is of ij| f) furied within with smoke, are al
io found : with some pieces of leaden pipe, char-
Ted wood, pottery of bhekifti earth, and a chan
nel or gutter, to carry off water, corresponding
"with the dclcentof the ground.
SAVANN AH, February 8.
IVe hear from St. Augftine, that the Spani
ards have broken up and tfeflroyed all the Set
tlements on the rivers St. John and St. Maty :
they gave the American fettiers the option of
retiring, with their effects, to St. Augvjline,
in eight days; or of returning to the United
States,in three days : Many chose the former,
and about forty families adopted the latter al
ternative. Several Americans were appre
hended, and committed to close confinement, on
fnfpicion of harbouring againfl the peace
of the province*
ExtraS of a letter from New-Tori, dated
I $tb March.
" This moment we have account by a
gentleman from St. Euftatia, that all the A
inerican veflels had their colours hoisted, in
consequence of orders received from England
for restoration of their veflels and cargoes."
The prefcnt 1.-; a critical period with the
United States—How to fleer our political ship
so as to arrive at the desired port, will require
the concentered wisdom and firmnefs of A
merica—Congress and the President form
that centre,if we have not confidence in their
deciSom, all is lojl—Thefhipmuftbe under
their command or she will be wrecked.
Paflion and Resentment fays a Correspon
dent, are the <u>orJl because they are the most
un<u>tf 1-giflators—They are not only unwise
but feeble counsellors—with good adv'cc fays
Solomon, make war. May the decisions of
our civil fathers at this important crisis, prove
that tuifdom as well as freedom have found
an asylum in the United States.
MR. Fenvo,
It is fmcerely to !>e wilhed that the meeting
at the State House to morrow evening may
be numerous and refpe&able—for it fliould be
considered, that this is not meant as a partial
meeting of i/eno me-rhants, tut to comprise
every class of citizens, every friend to Ame
rica, who conceives himfeli interested in her
welfare at this political juncture, this impor
tant crilis of public affairs.
Citizens of Philadelphia ! be ftedfaft in the
preservation of your rights.—Remember the
patriotism of 7;, and the causes which cal
led it into a&ioii. Remember the insults and
injuries so recently received from the ma.her
country—compare the latter with the former;
and while you retain the comparison in ybur
breads, you will be enabled to judge of the
neceflity of maintaining the dignity of free
men- JU NIO.
Mr. Smith of Maryland, after inform
ing the House that h« had some proposi
tions to make, which he lhouid wilh to
introduce when the doors were closed—
moved that the galleries lhouid 'c cleared
—He observed that when the proportions
were before the House, it might then be
determined whether they fliould be pub
licly difcufled or not—lt was voted that
the galleries (hould be cleared—which ac
cordingly took placc at about one o'clock.
On the mvfit of thursday the *jth. February at a
very late hour, the large for e at the foot of th:
bridge, belonging to Mr. Cochran was dfcovered to
be on fire, and had communicated the fames to Dr.
Sibley's New commodious dwelling house, Printing
and I'o/l Office—the fa e had takenfuik pofjeffion of
these houjes, that all at tempt Ao extinguijh it proved
ineffectual ; in a vet) short time they were burnt to
the growd s vifh all the valuable out h'oufes. and lea.
ther manujadouy adjoining. Fortunately the night
was calm, which, aided to the exertionj of the citizens,
and the fre company in particular, the fames were
prevented J rem doing Jar the r and immenfc injury.
Doflor Sit ley ana Jamil \ hadbutjuf tm e to efcape y
he has five d v ry lithe oj his furniture or other prop
erty, ythe whole ofhn printing apparatus is los, and
munywftnc papers oft' 1 < Pof office, with all hh hand-
Jome ajsortment of Dr*gs and medicne. This unfor
tunate affair is ef,mated to b e a dear los of tight
tkoufand dollarj t to Mr. Cochran, Dr. bib.ey% and
M'Auflan and Howat.
By this Day's Mail.
STEW-YORK, March 15.
Extract of a Utter from the Captain of
the Ship Amsterdam Packet, of this
port, bound to Havre de Grace—dated
Liverpool, Dec. 13th, 1703.
" On the 34th day of our departure
from New-Yoak, about the entrance of
the Englilh Channel, we were captured
by a Liverpool cutter privateer and escor
ted in here, where in all probability my
veflfel will be gutted : (he is on the loiig
lift of poor kidnap'd Americans. While
this war continues, what with Algerir.es
and Englilh pickaroons, it is a folly for
us to venture on the European coalts
I have undergone a long lift of interroga
tories refpedting my vefTel and cargo by
commissioners appointed for the purpose,
tokuow whether it is American property
or not,one of which was, willjyou venture
to /wear that you belie-ue (though you
may not poflibly Inow) part of the cargo
is French property !—What a modest
Capt. Wait, of the schooner Maria,
arrived here this day, and who left St.
Vincent's 20 days ago, where his veiTel
and cargo was condemned*, inform#, that
he saw an English paper, which he thinks
was the London Evening Post, and was
cf the 4th January, in which he read the
following acconnt refpe&ing the naval ar
mament at Toulon, viz : " That the
French had re-taken from the Englilh in
the harbor of Toulon, 15 fail of the line
of their battle (hips, one of which was
burnt by accident; and also, that they
had taken 5 fail of the line and J frigates
of the English fleet; and that the Combi
ned Forces loft twenty thousand men at
Toulon. This, the printer fays is the
French account, and it is hoped not to be'
true, but the circumstance of its being ve
ry boisterous weather, and the wind blow
ing direfMy into the port on the 18th and
19th of December, leave but too much
room to apprehend there is something in
the account.
At St. Vincent, Capt. Wait saw Capt.
Scott, who arrived at that iiland from
London, the 20th of Feb. who informed
Capt. Wait, that previouflv to bis failing
from London, the house of lord Hood was
pulled down to the ground,and he burned
in effigy. Capt. Wait also informs, thr*t
the British fleet in the Weft Indies made
an unfuccefsful attack on St. Picric, Mar
tinico, the I 7th of February, and retired
with great damage ; and that on Tuesday
tiie ißih, at night, they re.iewed the
tick, bvapproaching' tlie to>vn by lair_l c
us buck, and carrie 1 it '.>y fljrm, vrim t:
iofsof B.igadier General Campbell, o:ie
major, and two captains, one of whom
was named Bailey, who, with his whole
party, confiftingof 160 meti, were cut off
in the attack. The Britiih 101 l a conlider
able number of subalterns and privates—
how many was not known. All the men
in the town of St. Pierre were put to the
* For being concerned in a traffic deemed
contraband in a time of peace, as appears by
the decree of the Court of Vice-Admiraly.
Extrail of a letter from Bermuda, dated
February 21
" Almost all the privateers are in at
present, and a great many of tliem are
laid up. Of late, they have been very
umuccefsful. I widi sincerely the bulimia
was over, and peace once more eltablilhcd."
In the court of Vice-Admiralty.
Jones, vs. Schooner Maria.
FROM better information and re-con
sideration of this cafe, I am induced to
change the opinion exprefied in the inter
locutory sentence. In the cafe of Berens,
vs. Ruckss, ill Sir William Blacllone's
Reports, the doctrine laid down by Lord
Mansfield is clear and conclusive "If a
neutral (hip trades to a French colonv,
with all the privileges of a French Ihip,
and is thus adopted and naturalized, it
must be looked upon as a French /hip, and
is liable to be taken."
The point too agreeable to Magens,
page 458, strongly infilled on bvthe at
torney general, " That ever)' kind of traf
fic between a neutral and belligerent pow
er, which was not alywcd in time of
peace betwixt such ftatts is illicit," ap.
pears to be well founded ; although my
fentimer.ts at firll were otherwise. The
constant practice during the war of 1756,
is fufficient eaufe for me to alter my opi
nion. All neutral velfels in that war car
rying 011 trade which they were not allow
ed to do in time of peace, if takeu were
constantly condemned.
It appears in evidence that the expor
tation of sugars from the French ifiands
in neutral bottoms was not allowed in time
of peace ; of course filch exportation must
be now illicit, agreeable to the latter max
im and the pradtice of the war 1756. A
nentral state, which either through parti
ality or an indirect view of profit, will
make uncommon and ftr.-:nioi:s exertions
to supply the wants or rric-r the trade of
a power at war, will ever in some degree
participate in the hard/hips and difficulties
of war.
Upon the whole regarding this veflel,
in either point of view, ihe has carried cn
an illicit trade, or she has enjoyed the pri
vileges of a French (hip, and has been
adopted and naturalized as such. 1 can
not therefore on this grounds hesitate to
pronounce her guilty ; and to decree that
(he is a legal prize.and delivered with her
cargo, boat, apparel and furniture, to the
captors, and be iold by the marshal of the
Judge Surrogate,
Court of Vice Admiralty.
February 17, 1794.
A True Copy,
D. Reg. Court of Vice Admiralty.
Brig Jerky, Gardner, Cadiz
Schooner Polly, Gilbert, Cape-Francois
Apollo, Hempftead, Bermuda
Sloop Betty, Burnham, Port-au-Prince
Sloop Mary, Sands, Wt (Undies
Induflty, Blake, Norfolk
Capt. Gilbert lift in Cape Francois,
Snow Eliza, Loyell, of New-York
Brig Columbia, Bernard, do.
Schooner Hope, Higbee, do.
All waiting for the payment of their
•Hie (hip Chafe, Captain Talman, is
arrived at Boston, from the Isle of France.
Brig Salem,of Philadelphia, Hugh War
ner, Commander, arrived at Cape-Fran
cois 12th Feb.
Sloop New-York Pricket, Hubbard,
Wilmington and Nantucket, through the
Sound—put into Nantucket in distress,
having loft all her fails, &c.
TffF. On$FRrFK> andfrueral other
arcicl.-s are unaaoidably pojljxmcd till fTi9
March 17,
Will be performed,
A Tragedy, called
O R,
The Fatal Marriage.
Count Baldwin, Mr. Wiiitiock
Biron, Mr. Feimell
Carlos, Mr. Green
Villeroy, Mr. WVncil
Sampson, M . i'a.cj
Mr. VVa r ,i
Mis. Wbitlocli
To which will be added,
A FARCE in two ails, callrd
Saint Patrick's Day,
The Scheming Lieutenant.
Written by the Author of the Sc-jjol for
Lieut. O'Conner,
Justice Credulous,
Doctor Rosy,
Seijeant Trounce,
Corporal Flint,
Mr. G«,i
Mr. Hmvood
Mellrs. Finch, De
Moulin, DarLy, jun.
and Cleveland.
Mr. Moreton
MeflVs- Warreil,
BlilTet and Winu-ll
Servant, Mailer J. Wan J1
Bridget, M rß . R 0
Laura, Mrs. Francis
With a new occasional overture com
pofcd hy Mr. Reiiiagle.
Books of the Songs to he had at the
Tlie Scenes deligned and executed by
Mr. Miibourne.
Ladies and Gentlemen are requcfted to
fend their fervantt to keep places, at in It an
hour past 4 o'clock, and to order them .0
withdraw, as fbon as the company arc fcate ,
as they cannot 011 ny account be pcriaicccd
to remain in the boxes, nor any places Jtcot
after the firft a<sl.
No places can be let in the fide boxes to; a
left number than eight, nor any places le
tiined after the firft a<sl.
N. B. No money or tickets to be returned,
nor any person admitted on any account
whatever behind the l'tenes.
*** As inconveniences to the public have
arisen from the Box-book being opened on the
days of performance only, in future attend
ance will be given at the office in theTheat.e
every day si oin ten till one, aud on the da ,1
of performance from ten till three o'clock n
the afternoon. Applications for Boxes, it is
refpe&fully requeued, may be adiLciltd to
Mr. Franklin, at the Box-Office.
For 80/ ion,
& Harriott,
, Jofiah Bernard, Mujltr.
\V ILL lail the 25 h inft. Has good arc* inm >-
da ions. For freight or palfe;;*', apply 10 1 e
C p am on board ot Mr Smis's wharf. <•» -n
M'rch 17. d.25
At a Meeting of the Merchants
and Traders held at Philadelphia at the H.v >
and Grown Tavern, onTuefday the
It <waj UnanimouJlj RtfolvrJ,
Th it the meeting be adjourned, to meet
at the State House on Tuesday next at fiv_-
o'clock P. M.and that the Citizens in gene -.1
of the City and County be invited to attend.
March 17. d Jt
Lately Published.
Thomas Dobfon,
No. 41, South Seconu-Steeet:
r T*HK Hiftoty ul N w Hampshire, fro.n (he
1 D fcnveiy of il»r R vrr Pifcaiaqm—b*
rcmra/i Rtlk**p, D. D 3 Vols. Price i.» B , auf , #
4 Dollars.
The Fo«rrft.T, an American F'ble, bein > a
Sequel to 1 he Hilloi y oi J .hn Bull the Cioihicc.
Pro , 75 Cents.
A Uifcourfr, iri'endt-ri »o the
Difcovrry of Amenta bv Clirilloplnr» C'»lnni.
bus; delivered at the reqoeft ot the HHfttt -I
Society in Mair*chulctis October cjj t i 7 q.,
being the on ol the Th»i i C« ,1 1, ,
fmce thai memor?ble event. To vhirl,
added, F<»ur I>:fTt nations, connected wiih u.c
fiibjeft— By the tame author. Puce, $XjCen ».
March 17. iwiiu
Mr. C! ..
Mr. i" r ., ■. -i
Mr. Whitlock
Mr. Bcites
Mr. I'Vancii

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