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half of florins has been completed in
Holland ; the terms of which are fimi lar to those of the. one la ft announ ce 1, except as to a small reduction of charges. Ahothc%, tio terms fix millions Of fLoriips, had bedn fct or} foot, under that allured an immediate-completion Gentlemen of the Senate. Visionally concluded with the Chero kee and Six Nations of Indians, will be laid before you for your considera tion and ratification. Gentleman of the House qf Representatives, IN entering upon the discharge or your Legislative trust. you mud anti cipate With pleasure,- that many of the -dilfieulft«s, necessarily incident to the arrangements of a new government, 'for in 'extinltve country, have been •happily farmounted by the zealous and 'jjuaicious exertions of your predeces sors in co-operation with the other branch of the Legislature. The im- K riant objects which remain to be ac xiplifhed, will, I am persuaded, be conducted upon principles equally comprehensive, ana equally well cal xulated tor the advancement of the gc -acral weal. The time limited for receiving sub scriptions to the loans proposed the making provision for the debt of the •United States, having expired, state ments from the proper department, will, as soon as possible apprise you of -the exact result. Enough, however, -is already known to afford an assurance *hat the views of that act have been substantially fulfilled. The subscrip t ion in the domestic debt of the United States, has embraced by far the great ex! .-proportion of that debt ; affording <at'tnc<mmc time, proof of the general satisfaction of the public creditors with the system which has been proposed to their acceptance, and of the spirit of Accommodation to the convenience of the government with which they are actuated. The subscriptions in the debts of the respective states, as far as the provisions of the law have permit ted, may be said to be yet more gene ral. The part of the debt of the Unit ed States which remains unsubscribed, -will naturally engage your further de liberations. , It is particularly pleasing to me to be able to announce to you, that the revenues which have been establish ed, promise to be adequate to their objects, and may be permitted, if no unforeseen exigency occurs, to super sede, for the present , the necessity of any new burthens upon our constitu ents. An object which will claim your early attention, is a provision for the current service of the ensuing year, to gether with such ascertained demands upon the Treasury, as require to be immediately discharged, and such ca sualties as may have arilen in the ex ecution of the public buiinefs, for which no specific appropriation may have yet been made ; of all which, a proper estimate will be laid before you. Gentlemen of the Senate and ■■■of the House of Representatives, I (hall content myself with a gene ral reference to former communica tions for feveral objects,upon which the urgency of other affairs has hitherto postponed any definitive resolution:— Their importance will recall them to your attention ; and I trust that the progress already made in the most ar duous arrangements of the government will, afford you leisure to resume them with advantage. There are, however, some of them of which I cannot forbear a more par ticular mention —These are, the Mili- Ha—the Post-Office and Poft Roads— the Mint—Weights and Measures — a Provision for the sale of the vacant Lands of the United States. The first is certainly an object of pri mary importance, whether viewed in reference to the national security, to the satisfaction of the community, or to the preservation of order. In con nection with this, the establishment of -competent magazines and arsenals, and the fortification of such places as are peculiarly important and vulnerable naturally present themselves to con sideration. The safety of the United States, under divine protection, ought to reft on the basis of systematic and lb -lid arrangements ; exposed as little as po (libit to the hazards of fortuitous circumstances. The importance of the post office, ana post roads, on a plan inssciently liberal and comprehensive, as they res .pest the expedition, safety and facility of is encreased by the instrumentality in tiiffcfTing a know- ' ledge of the laws and procèdings of the government; which, while It contri butes to the security of the people, serves also to guard them against the effects of misrepresentstion and mifcon-.' ccjjtion. Ihe eftablifhinent of addi tional cross-posts, especially to some of the important points in the western and northern parts of the Union, cannot fail to be of material utility. The disorders in the existing currrti- 1 cy, and especially the scarcity of small!. change, a scarcity so peculiarly distress ing to the poorer classes, strongly re commend the carrying into immediate effeftthe resolution already entered in to conccrning the eftabliftiment of a mint. Meafurcs ha\'e been taken pur luant to that resolution for procuring some of the most necessary artists, to gether with the necessary apparatus. An uniformity in the weights and meafurcs of the country is among the important objects submitted to you by the eonftitution, and if it can be deri ved from a standard at once invariable and univcrfal. must be no less honora ble to the public councils than condu cive to the public convenience. A provision for the sale of the vacant lands of the United States, is particu larly urged, amongother reasons, by the important contidcrations, that they are pledged as a fund for reimbursing the public debtthat if timely and judi cioufiy applied they may save the ne ccfTity of burthening our citizens with new taxes for the extinguifhmcnt of the principal ; and that being free to dif chargc the principal, but in a limited proportion, no opportunity ought to be loft for availine the public of its right. G. WASHINGTON. United. States, Otl. 25, >791. After which tfic Representatives returned to their chamber, when the addicts was rfcad by the Clcik. Qn motion of Mr. Lawrance, Rrjclvcd. Ijhit ' this Houfc will to-morrow rcfolve itlilf into a committee of the whole to take into confidcra tion the Prcfident's fpcech. The Houfc aJjourncd until eleven o'fflck 1 to-morrow. — I WEDNESDAY, OElobtr 26. Mr. Scdgwick from MaflachuTetts ; Mr. Venable from Virginia ; and Mr. Macon from , North-Carolina severally took their feats. A letter was read from the Treasurer of the , United Stales, with a flatement of his accounts from the ill Ocl. 1790, to 30th June, 1791. ; A motion was made that the rules of the former House fliould be adopted pro tempore. < Some of the new members objected to this, : l>ecaufe ihey were unacquainted with those t rules. The rules were then by order read, I and the motion was agreed to. A mediae was received from the Piefidcnt 1 of the United States, communicating to the House sundry atts passed by the k-xtflatures of diffcrcot ltatcs, and transmitted to liim during the tecefs of Congress, viz.—An ast of the State of New-Himpthirf, ceding to the Uuited ( States the fort and lifiht-houlc within that I Date: an ast of the of Pennsylvania, < ratifying the firft amendment to the Conftitu- 1 tion of the United State*; and an ast of the ' of North-Carolina, "ranting to the ' United States the use of the jails within that (late. I A petition of James Rumfey, by Joseph Barnes his attorney wa» read, prayina that the ast for promoting the progress of ufeful arts, may be rendered mote ellcftual to fccurc in ventdfs the right to their discoveries. I The House rcfolved itfelf into a committee of the whole 011 the President's fpcech ; and after some debate the following relolution was : agreed to. That it is the opinion of this committee, that a refpeftful address to be presented by the Houle of Representatives to the Prc fident of the United States, in answer to his fpcech to both Houses of Congrcfs, at the com mcncenvnt of the session, containing assuran ces that this House will take intoconlideration, the ratiousand important matters recommend ed to their attention. Mr. Madison, Mr. Lawrance, and Mr. Smith, (S. C.) were »pjn>iiitcd a committee to piepare an address putluant to the resolution. A memorial was presented from the diftil lets in the town of Boston and vicinity, com pl.iining of the unequal operation of the excise taw, and fuggefling alterations therein. A memorial was read from the Sheriff of Suffolk Countv, Maffachufctts, refpefting pri foncr» of th? United States. A fdotation was ado|>ted, dircftmg the Clerk to cjufc ihrce of the city ntwlpapcis, •«jhe eloflion of ihe rcfpcflive members, to biHcft at their lodgings. JMr. Giles presented a William Witlock of the town ps Petcrlftrg, Viriinij, which,)** of'tle Trralajv. I The ftlloMng *>er*kcr« wet* ahfoinMi at 9,-vm MdfnA LlvcrrtlWrc, •Bou»inot, vGerrf, Boftrne, 'iR.T Hillhoufe, and Steele. A propofitiprt mTde" by Mr. "Viniflg to ap point a comnittdc for contested ele&ions, was -rakm into cwifideniioii, -and debited;-bar .without eomii|g to a dccifion tUercon.; The House adjourned. THURSDAY, Ofi'Jtr iy. Several petitions, viz. of Charles Gardener ( John Taylor, Abraham Watson, Thomas Hunt, and Richard Moore, praying compensation for ; services rendered j and a petition of Elliahetli l M'Clary, widow of 4<ajor WClary, who fell ai Bunker-Hilf; of Jacob Motte, in behalf of tiro orphan children, of the late Major Motte; W Cleland KinlocV, In behalf of the widow oI the late Major Huger; of Thomas Shnbrick, ut}>e-' half of two orphan children of the late Capt. Shubrick ; and of Jofcph Ball, in bahaK of an orphan of the latfc Major Wife ; Severally pray ing for the aid and munificence of c ongrefs, were read and referred to the S ccretafy at War! to report thereon. A remoaflrance from a.number of citizens of the slate of Ncw-Y«rk, complaining of the pen sion granted to John Ybunglovc, and praying, an investigation may be made into the circtim ftanccs on which the fame was grai ted ; also a counter petition from ?»■ r. Younglove, were se verally read and referred to tne .Secretary at War. Mr. Madison in behalf of the Committee ap pointed for that purpose, presented the draft of an address to the Prefidcnt of the Onited ' tates, in answer to his fpecch ; the said draft having been twice read, and then debated in a commit tee of the whole house, wa» agreed to without amendment. It was then resolved that »ht speaker, attended by the lioufc, (hould prcfent the laid address :! and a committee confiding of three merabca, was deputed to the Prefidcnt to know when, and where it would be convenient for him to re ceive the fame. Ihe committee hating waited oo the Prefideut, returned with an answer, that it would be convenient for him to receive the said address at his house on Friday, at twelve o'cleck. A petition of Jeremiah Allen, presented to the house yeftcrday, was referred to i.r. Gerry, Nfr. Larncd, and Mr. Sterpett. A petition of Sufennah Fowle, widow of E. S. Bowie, late a lieutenant in the army of the U. States, and who died in September 1790, was presented to the house and read, praying that a« no prorifion is made for widows of her defaip-. /ion, (he may be aUoWed such relief as may ap ,pear reasonable. The said petition waa refer red to a fele& committee. A petition of Francis and Iliac Chcate, pray ing for compensation for lufles and injuries furf tained by rcafon of their captivity by the Indi ans, was read rnd referred to a committee con filling of three members. A petition of R. Weed, praying compensation £»r supplies furniihed the United states; and a petition of a number of fettlcrs in the western ter ritory, between the l.ittlc Miami and Fort Walking-ton, praying that the title to their lands, which they derive from the Miami purchase, may be confirmed and quieted ; were severally read and referred to the ternary of the Treasury. A petition fcom a number of public creditors who loaned money in 17'7 and 1778, praying an appropriation miy be mad™ for arrears of in terest due, and for the annual intrreH arising hereafter, wai read ar.d laid on the table. A me/sage was received from the President of the United states by the" ecretary at War,viz. Ccr.tlcir.cn of ike ScrflTr, ard Houft of "Rctrrferrtatrvcii I HAVE fl the Secretary of War to lay before you, for ycur information, the reports of Lrigadier General Scott, and Lieutenant Co lonel Commandant V\. ilklnfon, the officer* who commanded the two expeditions against the Wa balh Indians, in the months of une and uguft ; together with the inftrufliona by virtue of which the said expeditions were undertaken. V»hea the operations now depending shall be terminated; the repeats relative thereto (hall also be laid before you. G. WASHINGTON. United States, OA. 17, *79*- The laid message and papers accompanying the fame were laid on the table. A petition of Charles Hately.of 5. C. praying a reasonable time may be granted iiim to finiib and exhibit the model of a machine for cleaning rice i was read and referred to the Secretary of State, for the information of the Commifiioners of the l atent Office. FRIDAY, Cel. 18. A number of petitions praying for comperfs tions and pensions, were read and referred to :he secretary at war. A petiticn of B. Warren, presented on a for mer day, wa» now referred to the secretary a' war* On motion of Mr. Lawrance, t committee was appointed to bring in a bill or bills to pro vide for the regiftrring °f (hip* or le.fcls, to r? thole employed in the trade anc" ;i/heries, a:>d for other purposes. '1 be jentlr men appointed were, Mr, Goodhue, Mr. F»r* and Mr. f«a»ned« At twelve o'clock, the Speaker, attended by the members ami the clerk, and preceded by the fcrjeant at arms, waited on the Prcfidint of the United States, at his bouse, where th*_ Speaker deliver.d the l\>Jlov|irg acklrtl*, in an fwerjo t*J>otb Jioufcs at the open- To kitoiuwß' WASHINGTON, V*J<dcm:jf lie United Sum. it the opening of the ptTenfcfcwn, (he Houie of Rfprefen *tatiifeiiia>e talcfea ample (hare in the feeling anfpircd bv the aflual prosperity «i»d <taw<m<m profpefts of our country : And whilfl, witn WpiMtriHwris. gjfarrik wikrik f/y happinels to the true loutce from w/>>ch it (lows, we behold with an animMbtyt pfcafure, the decree tfc ctwftituugn.agsl jaws ui uiiTfimnnitnriMKißcranrMniirn difpenfipgi). r , | j It yields ui p»rricular fatlsfeftion to Jam the hiccifs with wMch ihetHffere nr fmpoif.)! ' meattirw of t%* ; ■at WCii thok fodaaflv provided for It tbe wn fedioa-astfeofe of preceding date. Tbeltfmy of «ur wefttrn frtontter, in vfcitb the lhmmd repofc of so many of our cuiacni *4e involved, icing pcculirflv loicrcihrv;. jour comtniimcAUbm on that arc proper- Uuiiallv grateful to uj. and icfc# conduct of the'WSlitia. Whofc ftrvicfa.Vffe called for, irWi honttrabllcoitfirrtfiftWW Wife efficacy if that prVcieui refborce of Vfrefe state. And We anxiouflv wtth that the xon- Icqnencrs of their fuecoMul wf the oihar proceedings to vduch poa may ileaveibe United Stem 4me fc purfuc t|ie. mofl benevolent policy tqwil tfre unhappy anfl deluded race of people rin naehbouihood. The amount of tKc population offhe pniied Sates, determined by iiieVtums 6'f f&fcdtiftfl, is a source of the tnoff jjleafing rtffletfiofir, whether it be viewed tn refatien to oaTnlnkmil fatcty and relpeftabilijy, or ai a proofdfthat felicity in the (iturtion of «ur caucfry, which I favours so unexampled a rapidity ia in Nor vught any to be iulmiible to tfceaddi tional motive fugoefted by (ins impojt.uH ivii, to perpetuate the Free government rfabMted with a wite adiiiiniflration qflt, tcya portico ps the earth WdM 'promifet such an iricfeafe d the number' wWll it to enfdy (fcbfc ttfeffinga within the limits of the United States. ' We (ball proceed with ill flic tefpc# he to your pauibnc recomih» ndatiprw, abd with a deep, fcofc of the trufl committed to ui by our fellow-citiicns, pa lake into coafidctvlion the vaiious and important matters falling Vfilhia the prefept fe'Sion. And in difcufling and de ciding each, we Qtell feel every difpoGtion, whittl we afe p&rfdiflg jfre' jXiblic welfare, which muil be tlie object with all our contlmienn, to accommodate as fdtli ptiffible, the means of attaining it to the femirifciiuttrtl wifljesof every pait of them. Signttl by order nrrdpi Mhtlftrf the' (f JONA^HAN^TRUMBULL, Streaker. Attest. < rr. -,'T Johk Bsckley, .CJ««k. »i hi ,ii ii:< >-i-»r » To Which the Proficient rep&ed niollovts: CEKTKMCN, \y THE pit afu re 1 derive from an zfiurance of your attention tq the objeQa I have secom. mended to you, is doubled by your concur rence- in the teflimony I have borne' to tb« prosperous condition of our pub'ic affairs. Relying on the of your enHghtencsi judgments, and your patriotic aid, I '(hallbe the more encouraged in all my endeavour*lbr the public weal ( and, particularly, in thbfc which may be required on my pirt'fot e*e> curing the salutary jneafurei i anticipate from your prelent deliberations. GEORGE WASHINGTON. . The members then retwacd to their hall, where the PreCdcnt's reply was read. A mefface was received from the President of the United States by Mr. Secretary Lcir, commonicating a copy of the enumeration of the inhabitants of rt«e United States, VjrceaMy to the cenfun taken purftiant to a law o< the Union : alio, fundrv papers from thr Governor of Pennfylvania,rerpcfling (everal persons who have fled from juftiee frorti this state, to the (late of Virginia. The papers were read, and a motion laid on the table by Mr. Sedgwick, tint a committee (hoald be appointed to-whom the papers refpefting the persons fleoing from julice, fbould be retciTed, with inftruftions to report a bill or bills, a general provi sion in cases of perfuns charged with felony, treason, or other crimes, who may flee from a Hate having cognizance thereof, &c. The schedule of the census was referred to a committee of the whole House, and'made the order oflbe day for Monday next. The other papers referred to in the message of the President, received yesterday, were then read, viz. An ast of the Itate of North-Caro lina, coding a tract of land For the use of the United States, for the crc£!ion of light4>oufes— and the reports of the commandeis on the ex peditions against the Indians. On motion of Mr. Sedgwick a committer was appointed to bring in a bill to provide for the regulation of the pod-office and pof! roads, confiding of Media. Livermore, Clark. Steel'*, Bourne, (R.l.)Tharcher. Mr. Williamfoa'i motion, for a eotnmutf.- 10 l<ri:i~ in a bill to amend the aclfor prom'-w. in ; i i.- of the ufeful arts, was'adopted, nvl i In* following gentlemen appointed, Mess. VVillia: ilon, Hillhoufe, r.nd ScJ^w'ic'*. AiVnirned to Monday eleven o'clock.