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National gazette. [volume] (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1791-1793, November 14, 1792, Image 2

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Amjfndm An-- -S. Many letters here,
announce that the emigrants are in a tlif-
th&t rieyare treated witli
peculiar contempt by theprullian-. They
are raid, like wife, to iiave loft the good will
of the inhabitants of every,place through
which they pass, by their prolligacy and dl
conduct. Those who poli'efs money, as the
princes and their i'uite, it is complained,
iaviih it on a multitude of valets, girls, and
„norfe.>, and On nothing which is.ncceuary
10 / thcfervice of the war.
Ha que, Aug. 31. M. la F ayette has writ
tea to the Prmcefs of Orange to request
that flie would use her iniluence with the
governor of BruiTsls, in order that he may
be restored to liberty. As he was taken
by the Aliftrians when he was' not in arms
he claims the right of nations, which he
considers as having been violated towards
him, but we are not yet acquainted witli
his rcprefentations.
The mini'ter of France, though nolong
er acknowledged by the States General,
remains 'till at the Hague, waiting for fur
ther orders from the proviiionary council.
Dublin, Sept. 8. By a letter received ye
sterday from Abbeville, from a gentlemar
of chara£ter and fortune, by his kinfmar
here, a person of veracity and diftinftion.
we learn, that on the firft and second 01
this month a column of one hundred thou
sand national troops, with several trains ol
artillery, had pafl'ed the neighborhood o:
that town, on its way to the frontiers fron
the south-west departments of France ;
and that two other columns, equal in num
to this one. from the centre and eafteri
departmenss of the south, were 011 theii
march in parallel lines; these enormou;
armies'the writer adds, are inlpired witl
the fame enthuiiaftic design to destroy thf
invading armies., or perilh in the attempt
Such is the quarter from which this intel
ligence comes-, that we cannot doubt of ir
London, Sept. 6. The Duke of Brunf
wick's army is much ftraitned for provi
lions. This is the natural consequence o
bringing such an immense body of troop:
to bear upon one point.
A very serious misunderstanding has ari
sen between the Duke of Brunfwick anc
the emigrant princes. The latter are con
stantly urging the combined powers t<
commence "the attack, and proceed with al
poflible expedition to Paris- But the Pruf
iian generals are aware, that though the;
anight probably penetrate France as far a:
the capital, that there they must be inevi
tably repulsed, while every regiment un
der their command would be cut to piece:
in the retreat.
General Dillon's troops are confiderablj
reinforced by recruits from the Imperia
armies. Soldiers begin to think themfelve:
something more than machines; they afpin
at being men, and are enjoying all theii
natural rights. '
The new Polilh Diet is to meet in the
beginning of September.
The agent of the committee of circum
fpeftion, deputed by the municipality o.
Paris in search after M. de Septeuil, ha;
discovered, at length, all the secret regis
ters and port-folios of the civil lift, whicl
*t'ere very earefylly concealed. In the lafl
were found accounts of considerable sum:
sent to Monsieur, to M. d'Artoi-s and tc
Bouille, amounting, upon the whole, near
ly to five millions.
London, Sept. 6. It is said that what hap
pened in Paris on the 10th of Augufl ha:
much disconcerted the plan: of the com
bined powers—A party was doubtlef:
formed there by the king and his friends,
to make an infurreition in favor of the
Duke of Brunfwick':' army, as soon as thej
Ihould have reached Paris; 30.000 car
tridges and many other preparations foi
hoftiiity found in the Thuilieries, and else
where confirm the idea, but the murder
of the Swiss guards, and many leaders ol
the king's party, with the letters and do
cuments which the king had unadvifedlj
lelt in his efcrutoire, and which fell into
the hands of the Jacobins fn the plunder 01
that (lay, have io deranged all the plans
which were concerted to favor the arrival
of the Duke ot Brunfwick, that it he
comes a very different confideraticn now
how his operations (hall be conducted.
The Jacobins have made such use of the
papers, and other circumfiances they have
iound out, that it is said to have taken
great erfeft on the minds of the people,
and they are much more united in their o
pinions against the king and royal, family
than they w ere before. At a time when
the colli':, a'ity are thus disposed, the
Duke wi:! perhap.i think it not fafe to.ven
ture to penetrate into the kingdom witli
such a body of troops a-, he at tuft propo
sed ; it seem ; more likely that he will en
deavour to bring the French armies to
some decilive a£Hon ; and if he can com
pletely route thejn, and ffrike a terror in
to the French soldiery,, he may with the
chief power of his army march to Paris
and drive the democrats from the capi . 1
of that kingdom.
A new court of 'adicature is eftabliiheri
in Paris, by the .'all accounts to our mini
lity ; it coniiits . : o Gcputies irom each
;>f iu rSj d:-;vxvtfhsnls of that city, one of
i ■ higher, and one of the lower order oi
citizens ; to these are added eight judges,
- .».a tlus flien of the law. It has been re
folv-:\l to bring all the Hate prisoners from
Oi'iean.. to be tried by this tribunal, which
i; to lit immediately, and its buliucfs to be
attended to preferably to all other mat
ter .; the trial of the queen is, however,
to sake place firft ; and, as the party have
furelygot full proofs in their hands of the
queen's intrigues against the present go
vernment, no doubt can be made of their
pronouncing her guilty; it is much to be
apprehended, that she will be brought to
the block before effective measures can be
taken by any of the powers of Europe to
save her.
It is much to be feared that news will
certainly arrive of the' queen having bee
executed. The Jacobins, it is likely, will
not proceed to this extremity .against the
king, whom they aifeft to treat as a weak
perl'on, and not refponfibie for his actions.
Brujfels, Sept. 21. Intelligence has jufl
been received here, which, from the fa
vorable nature of the accounts from the
army, already published by authority, there
is every reason to believe authentic, that
the Xing of Pruflia took poffeflion of Cha
lons the day before vefterday. The bilhop
of that diocese, who is here, has received
orders to hold himfelf in readiness to set
out with his clergy, on the .24th, to repair
thither, and re-establish himfelf in his
The emigrants stationed near Thion
ville, are ail letting out for Verdun and
the environs, and are to be replaced by
9000 Auftrians, now on their way from
Landau under the command of General
Derdach. Thionville, which has not yet
been vigoroully attempted, is to undergc
a regular siege.
Lille is so blockaded,Ynat no one can en<
ter or quit it. All the large artillery ha:
been removed from Ath. to its environs,
and General Beauiieu is encamped within
half a league of that city. All the pea
sants in the environs, tender to the Auftri
aas a voluntary offer of their services.
Park, Sept. 7. At three o'clock in the
afternoon of the fatal 2d of September,
the fanguinarv mob reached the Temple,
where they were met by two of the com
missioners from the national assembly. It
was with great difficulty they could be re
strained from further acts of violence ;
they demanded the head of the queen ;
the cornmidioners therefore to prevent a
greater mifchief. found it necessary to ac
company them to the tower of the Tem
ple, one of their leaders carrying on a pole
the head of the princess de Lamballe.
The commissioners, attended by an off -
cer of the national guard, and M. Palloi,
the manager of the works round the Tem
ple, undertook to inform the king and
queen of what was transacting," and that
the people infilled on their viewing the
fpeftacle they had brought. The head 01
the unfortunate victim was displayed or
their majesties presenting themselves at a
window. The queen, and her daughter
Madame Elizabeth, according to the re
port of a violent Paris print, displayed, for
the firft time, some feniibility <; and the
king, who obeyed without any hesitation,
fiiid to one of the commissioners—Sir, you
are in the right.
When the mob went to the prison de la
Force, where the royal attendants, were
chiefly confined, the princess de Lamballe
went down upon her knees to implore a
suspension of her fate for 24 hours. This
was at firfk granted, until a second mob
more ferocious than the firft, forced her
-partment and decapitated her. The cir
cumstances which attended her death were
r uch as makes humanity fmidder, and which
decency forbids us to repeat: Previous tc
her death, the mob offered her every in
(ult. Her thighs were cut across, and her
bowels and heart torn from her, and for
two days her mangled body was dragged
through the llreets.
Paris, Sept. 22. The national assembly
mifhed its political career, giving place tc
:he national convention, which hkd thai
morning constituted itfelf into a body by
he appearance of the number as appoint
ed—a deputation of the aflembly waiting
an them to conduct them from the audi
ence chamber in the Thuilleries to Con
tention Hall, formerly the feat of the na
tional assembly. They firft proceeded to
the choice of a Prelident, which fell nem.
ron. on Mr. Petion, the mayor of Paris ;
md after some trifling corn erfation having
toofc place, a member rose up and moved
in France forever, which was-univerfaliy
;ind reiterately applauded from all parts of
the house, and immediately constituted in
to a law. The next Was the suspension oi
all judicial appointments, and that the
people jlu.uld appoint their own judges de
novo. Mr. Thomas Paine, by his inter
preter M, Goupilleau, requested the as
sembly to appoint a committee to bring up
a report on that fubjeft, as ignorqnt and
vicious people might poflibly introduce
.i'enifelves to those employments, without
precautions were taken to prevent the
The motion, however, in its pri
mitive llate, psfled.
The Convention then adjourned till ift
The Duke of Brunfwick's army lay be
fore Chalons, head-quarters of General
Vienna, Sept. 8. It is certain that a ge
neral Congress is to be held, either at
Coblentz, or Luuenbourg, on French af
fairs. It is said tiiat Spain, .England, Hol
land and other powers, will be invited to
fend Ambassadors to it, and that Baron de
Bretuil will appear at that meeting on the
part of the French princes. At the above
Congress it is thought that the form of go
vernment for the provinces which may be
taken will be fettled, and if affairs go
profperoufiy, a negociation will be fiegun
between the United Powers and the French
princes, with the principal cities and de.
partmeiits of France ; but as all this mult
depend upon the events of the war, we
cannot forefee how far they may be
brought to maturity.
In the mean time it seems intended to
reinforce the forces acting againfl France
with 20,c00 men; that number,,-at lead,
are to be kept ready to march, in cafe they
are. wanted; and a like number of the
Prussians are also ordered to be in readi
It is said that the empress of Ruflia, on
account of the dillance and great expente
that would attend marching her troops in
to France, wifiies in lieu of the 30,000
men (he is by treaty to furnilh, to pay her
quota in money.
Amjferdam, Sept. 18. The French mini
ster at the Hague has entered into an a
greement with some rich Dutch contract
ors, who have engaged to supply the
French armies with horses and mufl-iets by
the way of Dunkirk. This week a very
large number were sent. The quantity o{
mulkets in the republic is inconceivable—
the merchant; at Culembourg had in their
pofTeffion almost 1 j,ooo. Rotterdam fur
-11 illies also a great number. The govern
ment is not much pleased to fee these arms
sent out of the country, and above all sent
to Franca : but as they belong to private
persons, it cannot prevent them from fell
ing them. In this cafe government would
have no other«refource than that of pur
chasing them itrelf, at a higher price than
that of France, but this would be an em
fa arrafling Hep at present, on account of
the scarcity of money in the public trea
Though the republic have fully deter
mined to take no part in the war againfl
France, at least till the progress of the
French armies becomes more decisive, they
however give them every pofllble aflift
ance. The troops of the state are at the
fame time advancing towards the fron
tiers. Some of them yesterday set out for
Breda and Maeftricht. Immense maga
zines are forming in the latter, and large
quantities of ammunition are carried tip
the M«ufe to Namur and Dinant. Re
cruiting is permitted also at Bois-le-Duc,
in Dutch Brabant, where many deftrters
arrive daily, who are sent off to the French
The fate of France continues to interest,
in a very sensible manner, the generality of
tile people here. The fortune of every in
dividual appears as if depending on the is
sue the affairs of the country may have ; but
great uneasiness is entertained leaf! a total
dismemberment of the kingdom take place,
and leaf:, as every thing at prefelit gives n;
reason to conclude, it ihould be eflablifhed
into a republic. Mqlt minds are infatua
ted with the old prejudice that France
cannot be any thing but a monarchy. Thh
monarchical malady has infected the minds
of many Frenchmen, and if the national
convention decree a republican form of go
vernment, it is much to be feared that se
veral departments will desert the common
cause. Should this happen, public credit
will experience a mod violent shock, which
will be felt in other countries, but more in
Holland than any where else.
Sept. 20. The prince of Waldeck, who
loft an arm at the late unfuccefsful at
tempt on Thionv.ille, died a few days since
at Luxembourg.
London, Sept. 27. M. la Fayette is to be
conduced to the citadel of Wefel.
The French emigrants are not permit
ted to ast for themselves. They form the
rear guard of the combined army, and
garrison the places taken by it.
We underftdnd that an eminent mer
chant in the city had an express, stating.
'hat the city of Rouen had declared, thai
it Was disposed to accept the conditions of
fered by the invading despots of Germany,
in preference to continue longer expofec
to the brutal violence of the party now
prevailing; and that in confequeuce of
this, of the fear that the example might bf
followed, a body of men had set off frou
Faris to-chaftife the city of Rouen.
Letters from Madrid aflert, that since
that court lias been informed' of the e
vents of the roth of Anguft, at Paris, anc
the injurious treatment his mod Chriftiai
majefly has received, the fvftem of neutra
lity, which that government had adopted,
is entirely changed.
Orders have in conf.;qr..:nce been given
in Catalonia, that each inhabitant flialf/ur
qifh a Statement of the numliler of carria
ges, waggons, horses and mules in hi., uof
ieflion, and shall have them ready for cleli
very on the earliest notice-, Jjir. Catholic
majesty has also ordered that all the ii-.
in the country betwixt Barcelona and Fi T
gueras shall be purchased.
The amiable princess tie Lamballe was
in England about two years ago, in perfe't
fafety ; but was not able to wfthftand the
preflmg invitation of the queen of France,
who wished her to return; and aflured her
fiie was perfectly tree of danger. Who in
deed could have fufpecced the fatal catas
trophe of the 2d of September ? The queen
is inconsolable.
Extract of a private letter from ThicnviUe, Stp- ?-•
" I am now before Thionville, which
we havefummoned to surrender, and have
received an answer, which will draw upon
the inhabitants a vengeance which mult
unhappily be indiscriminate.
" iviontmedi has fallen into our hands.
The obstinacy of the defence precluded the
saving the inhabitants from pillage, which
during four hours was exercised by our
troops with an ur.lparing rigour capable of
dismaying others. The campaign wears
the appearance of tedious flaiigiifer and
multiplied lieges,
A letter from M. Luckner incloses a
note, received by him from M. Diiraou
rier, commander iii chief of the French ar
my at Grundpre, in which the letter states,
that two principal attacks were made Up
on his left and right wings on the 13th inft
in both of which the Pruflians w ere repul
sed with loss. A detachment of Prullian
light troops had entered an abbatis of
wood, from which he had sent five battal
lions to remove thein. At the time of his
writing, he expected that another attack
would be made on the fame day, if the
weather which was then very bad Ihould
permit it.
The garrison at Thionville have been
twice fuccefsful in forties, and the Pruf
lians will be obliged to commence the
liege in form, at a considerable expence of
what is most valuable to them, time.
Montmedi is blockaded. The report h'ere
is, that the king of Prullia is also blockaded
in Verdun, but this cannot be exactly true.
The French armies make it difficult for the
PrufHans to advance, and do, In some mea
sure, enciofe them on three fides; but the
distance between the. opposed bodies is fs>
great, that their fit,nation is very differen"
from what is getier; y underltood by ;
blockade. We are also. to wait the event
of the last attack upon M. Dumourier to
know whether the Pruflians remain inclo
sed or not.
The French Generals appear to have
very good intelligence of the Duke of
Brunfwick's preparations and movements.
Motif. Kellerman had heard, that this
attack would be made foo'n enough to per
mit his marching from Toul, where he was
polled on the left of the Pruflians, towards
Chalons, lor .the purpose of covering that
town, in any event of the action. As he
approached Bar-le-5. vc on this march, the
Pruflian advanced guard fell back towards
The eagerness of the French to in lilt for
military service encreafe?. In some villa
ges fathers have enrolled themselves with
their sons, and in others the young women
have bound themselves in, a general reso
lution, to marry none who inall not have
served ia the prefelit campaign. But arms
are still much wanted for tne volunteers.
The department of la Maine, which sup
plies eighteen thousand men, has but iix.
thousand inulkats for them. Thirty thou
sand Hand were expected to arrive in Paris
on Monday.
The Dutch mail confirms the report of
the fuccefsful sortie made by the French
from Thionville. It ays, " the believed
display not merely ftrmnefs, but thinking
themselves out of all danger of being ta
ken, they insult the besiegers, and approach
even so near, as particularly to direst their
mufquetry agair.lt the camp of the emi
grant French, which is in the centre of the
allies. Thefonofthe count d'Artois was
very near being killed by a cannon Ihot;
a person was killed by his fide. The artil
lery is played with great cfteft. The Auf
trians have chiefly exerted themselves to
lay the tov n in allies, inffcead of attacking
it by a regular liege."
A letter from a French officer in the e
inigrant camp, to his friend, an emigrant
in London, gives the following account of
the fall of the prince de Fiohenloe : "New
batteries had been erected, from which it
was intended tq bombard Thionville, by
the fide of the gate of Me tz. The befie-
law the intemion, and they played
their artillery with such effect aS complete
ly'to demolish the works. While- the
prince de was this day reconnoi
tering the direction of the lire, a cannon
shot cut in two an officer by his fide. The
prince fell by the 1 ock of the wind of the
ball, anci for three hours every art has been
tried in vain to bring him to life."
tord Aukland has communicated offi
cially to the States General u that his fo
vertign had been d of the refac
tion which then - .1 rnightinefies sad
.Ofi or iiiterniptir.g official com
irnjEication vvitlj M. the French
charge d'aftairs j. and that the principles
of hu royi-.i n.a'.er perfectly coincided
v.'ith those vrh.ch had di£tated the said
refoiution of ri eir hi; f, roightineiles. He
had iu cuiaeq; enee i\ c r. orders to his said
minuter to obfervc 1 it ine conduct with
rtipect to M. Ch .. vl . relident at the
court of C» ,- rat r.iil j

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