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National gazette. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1791-1793, December 08, 1792, Image 3

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LONDON, September 28.
It is impoflible to form an adequate idea
of the cruelties the clergy every where ex
perience in France that refufe to take the
national oath. A few days lince arrived at
Oftend a small open boat, with upwards of
fifty French prieits 0:1 board, who made
their escape in the disguise of sailors and
domestics. If the combined armies do not
restore the monarchy in France, it is fear
ed the old clergy will become perpetual
wandereis in foreign lands, as the very
name of priest (in conformity with their
new fangled politics) is become odious to
the nation.
We now fee, in Paris, the late duke of
Orleans metamorphosed into Monsieur
Philip Joseph Equality ! That wretched
man who has proved a traitor to his fami
ly, is now one of tile members of the Na
tional Convention, but watched with an
eye of the ttrictett scrutiny by che jealous
French republicanifts. Let which fide
that will, prevail, it does not appear that
this apoitate from royalty can long sur
vive. If the Duke of Brunfwick becomes
matter of Paris, Mr. Equality will be
made a severe example of—if the French
gain their point, their suspicions will soon
put an end to his exiltence.
The Ruffians and Spaniards are both
engaged in equipping fleets, which un
doubtedly have, France for their" object,
the ensuing spring.
Great Britain declines intermeddling in
any degree, in the affairs of France, but
the king, as eleAor of Hanover, is obliged
to furniih his quota of troops to the Impe
rial army.
A great number of the heaviett pieces of
artillery, great guns and mortars, have
lately been sent from Luxembourg to for
ward the iiege of Thionville. Should the
beiieged continue refractory, red-hot balls
are to be employed against them.
M. de Calonue, the great friend and
counsellor of the emigrant princes, has took
his departure for Italy.
The following are the sentiments of M.
Condorcet, Vice-Prelident of the French
National Convention, refpe&ing a naval
armament. "It isfaicl that the Porte has
refufed to receive M. Semonville in the
character of the constitutional ambaflador ,
of France, and infills that M. de Choifeuil 1
lhall retain that fkuation. It is clear then 1
that the Porte is deceived ; and this is an 1
etfeft of the intrigue set on foot to deprive I
us of that ally. Let us then recal both M. |
Semonville and M. de Choifeuil; and tit 1
out tea more Chips to cruise in the Medi- 1
terranean. ,
If the Grand Seignor is so attached ;
to VI. Choifeuil, why in God's name let ■
hi n ;ceep him, and welcome. If Choifeuil t
dil'obeys a letter of recal, and prefers Con- t
ftantinople to Paris, let him (lay there; t
but let him not expect to receive any lata- (
ry from us. It he had rather intrigue 1
for Calonne and Pitt, than live in his own
country, we cannot hinder him from r
playing the fool, and being the dupe of t
his folly. But the dignity of the French <.
Nation will not futfer any Court to dictate r
to it the choice of its Miiiitefs, or refufe (
to receive them. v
" England, no doubt, has an interest f
in depriving us of the friendihip of the ;
Turks, that ilie may be thereby enabled t
to exclude us from the Levant trade which I ■;
we at present carry on. But let her spin ! t
out her intrigue, the moment of our pow- j (
er is approaching; and then the Mi lifter ; 1
who now hates a.id affects to despise us, I t
vvili court our alliance ; and the {late I c
which employs Macluavelian policy to en- t
rich itfelf, may be caughtin itsowufnares. i
A nation that forces its means is nearer its c
fall than it may iijiagine. f
'■ Tile neceility of our having a fleet 111 t
the Mediterranean—is founded 0:1 this c
principle, that we ought once for alt 1,
break the league of the petty Princes of i
the South and convince them of this plain li
and (imple truth, " that we fear them i;
not." We will afterwards think of the 11
means of getting rid of the power of the t
King of Sardinia, and favouring the dif- t
meniberment of the island from v.;hich he h
derives his Royal Title ; that expedition n
may be intruded to Paoli, with three 1
frigates and 3000 Corficans. The Sardi- t
nians are islanders, and consequently form- p
ed for liberty ; for in all times palt thnfe 1
inhabiting itlands and mountains havede- y
teited the yoke of despotism. The con- i
quest of Sardinia will bean additional ttep t
towards universal republicanifirl. Then 1
we may think of our Levant trade, so e
ufeful to our Southern Departments, (
Commerce is the offspring ofinduflry, as {
induttry is of liberty. Let us but be free, 1
and tlrength, wealth, and every other 1
good will neceflarily follow. The Turks 1
will stand in need of 11s ; they will give t
us whatever we all: ; and we (hail find in 1
the Levant trade ample compensation fbr ;
our loiTes in America. ;
" But to effect all this we mutt rule the i
Mediterranean ; it is our sea. We mull g
be superior there to the Ruffian fleet, and j
wake the Empress from the dream in ;
which (he fondly thinks the can becc-me <
mittrefs of Coriica, and pour her Ruffians 1
into Provence.
• u e mutt awe the confederated Bour
bons of the south, and be before hand
with their intended armaments for next
" We mufl make Spain trembie; let 10
a trench thips of w, r be sent to carry the
- three coloured cockade, and the declara
e tion of Rights of Man, into Catalonia;
t '• We mutt let the Bourbon of Spain
1 know, that if he ventures to take in
- dudgeon what we have done, we will re
-1 cover from him Navarre, which of sight
t belongs to us, and then declare it free.
" We mutt be beforehand with the
I other crowned Bourbon, the King of the
t two Sicilies, and also the Great Matter of
r Malta, who are confederating against us.
> " What is wanting to accomplish all
this ? —ten (hips of the line and some bat
s tallions of our great National Army.
• We have all Europe against us ! Then
1 be it sb 1 It is a glorious light aild equally
• worthy of us who bear a part in it; of
• hittorv, that will record it ; and of pof
-1 terity that will read of it.;
; One of the Se£tions of Paris has refufed
; its aflent to late Duke of Orleans being a
: member of the-National Convention ; and
• (till less that he (hall afiiima the name of
■ Monsieur Equality, which, -they fay, is
■ National property, and cannot be arro
i gated by any individual whatever.
i On Monday the 13thof Augntt, Acre
mains of that distinguished perfoii, general
Burgoyne, were brought from his bonfein
liereford-ftreet, and interred in the cloy
(ters of Wettminfter Abbey, in a very pri
vate manner. He was followed to his grave
by one coach, in Which'were four gentle
men, one of them a military chara&er.
One lady forced hcrlelf to be present, and
obviously agitated, was led away, support
ed, from a scene that touched her nearly.
October 4.
Sir John Slibre, Bart, was introduced
by Mr. Duudas, and kitfed the king's
hand on being created a Baronet, and 011
his being nominated Governor-General of
Bengal, in the room of Marquis Cornwal
-1 is.
For the National Gazette.
I HAVE observed with pain and anxie
ty, almost ever tince peace has been fairly
eitablithed in our country, that a Certain
set ot high flying politicians, have with the
utmost assiduity been endeavoring to de
flroy the confidence of the people, in their
belt, their firmett friends ; the only art
by which the people, in a free elective go
vernment can be enilaved. To this end
the friends to the equal and common rights
of man, have been (tigmatized in almoit
.every newspaper, as antifederals, dema
gogues, democrats. mobocpafj, non-cou
tents, dif-couteuts, mal-contents, enemies
to the government, hottile to the conttku
tion, friends to anarchy, haters of good
order, promoters of confufion, exciters of
mobs, sowers of sedition, &c. &c.
The tact is obvious to every one, who
reads our daily publications ; but to fee
through the deagti of these politicians, re
quires some reflection ; it is to this I would
no.v call the public attention. The piece
tigned Otfego in Mr. Bache's General Ad
vertiser, of the 4th inflant affords us as
flrlkiag a proof of the fact, and perhaps
as good a clue to the deiigns of these pre
tended friends to peace, good order and
good government, as any fiilgle production,
that has lately appeared. In this piece
Governor Clinton, a man, who is not mere
ly a protefied republican but,a true and a
tried one : one, that has proved his prin
ciples by his invariable pra&ice, for thir
ty years lalt past, spent in public life, dur
ing the whole of which time, he ha-; evin- -
ced himfelf to be as unalterable and uni- 1
torm a friend to the rights and liberties of :
the people, as this, 01- perhaps any other
country ever produced, is loaded with the
mod unmeritedabUJeand calumny.. That 1
it is unmerited, I fliall endeavor to (hew
hereafter ; but shall confinenlyfelf at pre
sent to the enquiry, why this character is so
much abuled by this and Other writers at ;
the present time? Can it be out of aft'ec- ;
tion tor the interests of the people, and an
honest zeal for their liberties and happi
nels ?—No. The universally acknow- ;
ledged chara£ter of the man, would give i
the lie to such a pretence. Is it owing to 1
personal enmity to the man ?—No, my fel
low citizens, it is owing to an enmity to :
your liberties. They hate not the man ;
it is his political charuiter is the object of 1
their aversion : they hate his patriotism,
hisfepublicanifm, his known and unfliaken
attachment to freedom. Is not every per
son, who writes or (peaks againlt kingly
salaries, irrepealable tax-laws, irredeema
ble debts, (landing armies, and those ini
menfely monied arittocracies called corpo
rations, which are multiplying in our coun
try, pointed out as a democrat, and an ene
my to the government ? Tliefe are fa£ts,
and facts from which you ought to reason:
and faits by which if you reason properly
from them, you will be enabled to diftin
guitli with precision, your real from your
pretended friends ; or, in other words, the
true republicans, from the ma(l-:ed aritto-.
crats, v. ho endeavor to conceal themselves
under the name of Federalists.
[To be continued.]
Tuesday, December 4.
Read a second time, the bill for fettling
the northern boundary of the territory ce
ded to the Unit.ed States by the state of
North-Carolina—and made the order of
the day for next Thursday.
After reading and referring t\Vo peti
tions, the house, according to the order of
the day, went into committee of the whole
on the Estimate <>f appropriations for the
support of government during the year
1793 —The Speaker laid before the house
a letter from the Secretary of the Trea
sury, incloiing the accounts of the loan
office commiflioners of the United States,
whereon the estimate of the expence of
the loan-olfices was founded— these ac
counts were read, and mt>re particularly
those iof Mafl'achufetts, New-York, Penn
sylvania, Maryland, and Virginia. The
amountof the expetice generally com
plained of, and several alterations were
Mr. Steele renewed his motion for lin
king out thiifum of fifty thousand dollars
for contingencies and inciifentaFexpences
of the war department, and that five thou
sand dollars be inserted instead thereof—
which was superseded by a motion of Mr.
Fitziimons, "that the President of the U
nited States be requested to cause infor
mation to be given to the house re peeling
an estimate of the expences of the war de
partment for the year 1793, and that a
statement of the particulars be included."
After some debate, and an amendment
proposed, theqiieftion on Mr. Fitzfimons's
motion was put and carried—The com
mittee then role, and reported progrels, to
fit again to-morrow.
A report was read, from the committee
to whom was Referred the letter from the
Secretary of State respecting the applica
tion of the fund appropriated for the sup
port of the intercourfeofths United States
with foreign nations—laid on the table.
The bill for re-imburling certain extra
ordinary expences of the commissioners to
the Creek Indians in 1787, was read a
third time. The committee of reference
had agreed to fill up the blank with iaco
dollars; which W3s disagreed to ; a mo
tion to fill up the blank with moo dollars
was also loft—a motion for 900 was agreed
to—Ayes 26-—Noes 20.
Wednesday, December 5.
The bill for re-imburfing certain extra
1 expences of the commissioners to the Che-,
rokee Indians, in 1787, was read .1 third
time ; and 011 the question being put, whe
ther the bill Ihonld pass ? it palled in the
negative—Ayes 20 —Noes 21.
The report of the committee in favour
of the petition cf William Dunbar, in be
half of tile heirs of eorge Galphin, late
Indian fuperintendant, allowing a cum
penfation of joo dollars for services ren- ,
dered—on the question for agreeing to it,,
it was negatived, 24 against 21. ,
Several petitions and memorials were
read, one of which was referred ; and the .
motions for referring the others, llegati- |
ved. ,
The house took into confideratiou the ]
report of the committee 011 the petition of ,
Moses Young, secretary to Mr. Laurens .
on his einbaify to Holland, but taken on
the palfage, and afterwards confined in ,
England. The memorialist's claim on the 1
United States was forfalary, at the rate of ,
5001. sterling per annum, from the 18th of .
October 1779, to the 36th of August 1782. j
After considerable length of de bate, the ,
question on agreeing to the report of the j
committee (which Was in favor of the pe- (
titioner) being put, was negatived, 27 to t
25 —Mr. Smith (S. C.) moved that the f
whole fubjeft Ihould be'recommitted, but (
this motion was loit, ayes 19, noes 25.
Thursday, December
A bill authorising the settlement of the :
account:; of Lewis Garanger, was read c
twice, and made the order of the day for '
Tuesday next.
A mefiage was communicated from the
President of the United States, with inclo- (
fares relative to the war w'ith the Indian (
tribes in the territory N. W. of the Ohio ; 1
which being confidential, the doors were (
(hut till they were read. i
A report was read from the commillion- i
ers for fettling the accounts of the indivi- i
dual fty.es with the United.States ; infor- I
mingthat they will be able to effect a final ;
settlement by the rftofjuly, 1793- !
The Ifoufe then went into committee, ■
on the ooafting bill. The several sections i
of the bill were debated by paiagraphs ; <
several amendments were adopted, which 1
were reported, and laid on the table. 1
A report was brought in from the com- ;
mittee on the petition of W. and J. Simrns,
for remission of duties on a cargo loft in
coming round from New-York to Phila
delphia—'After Tome debate, the petition
and report/were referred to a committee
of the wholt-on next Monday.
A letter was read from Mr. Seney,notifying
his resignation of his feat in the House of
Representatives, in coni-queuee of an ap
pointment in the judiciary of the state of
5 Maryland, incompatible with his retaining
a feat in the national legillature.
FriDAV, December /.
The memorial of Timothy De Monbrun,'
of Canada, an Indian agent for the United
r State?, was read, praying compensation for
' services rendered, &c. referred to the Se j
c cretary of the Treasury,
I Mr. Key called up the letter from JT
Seney, Esq. and moved that it might b£
. referred to a select committee : this cauf
p ed some debate," when the question was
, put for commitment; 18 rose in favourof
, it, and 2 j against it. It was then moved
. that " (he Speaker notify the executive
Maryland that the feat of Mr. Seney is
vacant by his resignation." This motion
on was negatived, and the letter laid oil
the table.
A message was received by Mr. Secreta
ry Lear, with copies of communications
lately received by the President of the li
nked States from the Governor of tha
South Western Territory. The galleriei
were then ftiut.
December 8,
We learn that the measures taken by th<j
supreme executive o the United States to
bring the hoflile Indian to a conferehca
in >vhjch all fubfiitnig differences fkould be
adj lifted, have issued in a propofai of tha
said Indians tn meet commissioners of the
United States at An Glaize on the Mi mi
river which runs into Lake Erie, the next,
spring, at the time the leaves lhall be full/
out; and that in the mean time they vs ili lay
alide-the bioedy torn, hawk The Six Na
tions have invited governor Jimcoe to ba
prelent at the proposed conference.
Thearmy lately lyirlg at Pittfhurgh hav£
all marched for winter quarters, except a
few left at that garrifom Some Indians
had previoufiy been discovered at the placg
i tended for encampment, one of which
had been fired at and wounded.
On the 2 3d of November a severe
from the north-eafl did con' d< fable daring*
on the sea coast of Maflachufetts ; fever It
velfels were loft and damaged. '
Drawn by accident (fays a citizen ofth*
United States) to this great capital, and
having had an opportunity to hear the len
timents of foine re(pe&abfe t characters, I
was extremely surprised to find that there
could be a diversity of opinio:; as to the
iiriiation of the citizens of France. A
coidnefs of ientiment ifi'utd from the lips
of some, chilling to every idea, that conn*
tenanced that resistance which grew out of"
the calamities we experienced during the
late war. Can any of our leading charac
ters renounce those feeling that prefect
us forward to struggle againll and finally
overcome the opprefiion ot Great-Britain '
Have they no rccolle-ftion of our past re
demption ? Is that good \yilt tbv ards thfc
cause of liberty which they so patriotically
embraced and so bravely defended, fwul
lowed up their apparent national quiet
and prosperity? Wealth and conl'equencc-j
suddenly acquired, may bring on this dis
position. But I trust, my countrj'men at
large have that honeit h;t ii ot charac
ter which detells ingratitude, and spurns
at opinions unfriendly to the Fi > na
tion. The standard of a monarch ought
never to have a recruit in this country?—-
"We, the people," (houid be written over
j the doors of tire Senate and House of Re
presentatives. Congress Ihould comfort
the inhabitants of France with an addreis
replete with good willies. National coy
ness should be laid aside, and the rr,i
of this government be dire£Ved to alii ra
the citizens of that country, how v arnily
those 61' this, in their hearts, support their
can ft;.
On Wednesday Jaft the Hoff. JOHlsf
ADAMS, Vice-President of the United
States, arrived in this city, and on Thurs
day took his feat as President of the Sen-/
The malk is at lafttornfromtne mottar?
chical party who have, with but too much
success, imposed themselves on the public
for the ftneere friends of our republican
constitution. Whatever may be the event
of the competition for the vice-presidency,
it has been the happy occaiion of afcei tain
inrr the two following important truths r
firft, that the name of Fedefaliit has beeft
aflhmed by men who approve the consti
tution, merely as " a promising effby to
wards a well-ordered government" ; that
is to lay, as a step towards a government
of king, lord* and commons.
that the spirit of the people continues
firmly republican, and if the monarchical
features of the party had been foorer held
up to public view, would have nniver--
felly marked the det'jlion between two
candidates (equally unaffailed in their pri
vate characters) one of whom is as much
attached to the equal principles of liberty
entertained by the great mass of his fellow
citizens, as the other is devoted to the here
ditary titles, orders, and balances, -which
they abhor as arf iafult to the .rights and
dignity of man,

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