Newspaper Page Text
and the frontiers Ecljactjit, It was not
long before the fine blankets were worn out, and from the distressed iiate of affairs on our frontiers, Congress thought propei to propose a second treaty. This was held at or near the Bis Miami. This wa. expected to be final, an:! every cause o;'un eahnefs forever to be removed. Here a gain a fair purchase Was made of the land'., by such persons as Congress cor. ided in a: qualified to tranfa-cl the bufmefs But a gain alas ! we were disappointed, fur not withstanding the lands were purchased . second time, and 110 violation of the treat) on our fide, cruel murders and horfe-fleal ing went on as usual at Kentucky and else where. Many worthy families were bar barously murdered, and others reduced t< the greatest ditlrefs by having all their hor ses ilolen from them, by Indians whofc towns were near 200 miles from them. Accounts of such outrages repeatedly filling the ears of Congress, no doubt, af fected the heart of every man of feehnj among them ; and I mil ft fay, it is aston ishing that their humanity and patience would bear with such horrid perfidy anr wickedness any longer ; but what (hall i fay ! —fuch was their superlative lenity,thai a third treaty was propofsd at Fort Har mar, at the mouth of Mil fit in gum. Every measure was pursued to collect the whoit of the Indians, that if there was any cauf L of complaint, it might be removed : bin here, we were in great measure difap poinred, for the greater part of the Shaw atiees and Wiandots refilled to treat.— However, a considerable number of feve. ral nations convened, and concluded the third treaty, and the lands were again purchased. This treaty was managed by Gen. St. Clair, Gen. Butler and others, who wert appointed by the United States. How extremely ignorant, or hardened mtift that man be, who has very freely cer.- fured Gen. St. Clair for uling his influence to raise an army against such perfidiou: murderers ! It is astonishing how he coulc: forbear so long ; but whoever is truly ac quainted with his chara&er, knows him tc be of an easy temper, and never guilty of hasty and imprudent measures. If on thi fubjeft there is any blame, I believe itinufl be for moving so slowly in defence of hi poor fellow creatures. I cannot devise what is meant by the publications against an Indian war. Would such men with that those savages should murder and lay vafte our weltern coun try ? or do they wilh us to compel the western world to revolt from the (Jnitec States and defend themselves? If theft are not the objetts, for shame let them be silent. Jan. 5. DAV ID JONES. CONGRESS. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. F.i 1 DAY, Jan. 4. The bill for corripenfating the widow: arid orphans of 44 the persons killed by the Indians, while a£Hng under the sanction o: flags of trace," was farther difcufled ir the committee of the whole houfe —feve- r3l new amendments were made, report ed, and taken into consideration. Furthei amendments being made, the bill was or dered to be engrofled for a third read ing. A letter was received, and read, frorr the Secretary of the Treaftiry, enclo!ln| fix. lifts of the persons employed in his de partment, and the salary allowed to each, A (latement was a!fo received of the seve ral Joins made by the executive of the U nited Spates, purfnant to law, with the ap propriations of the fame. Tiie house then went into committee ol the whole on the invalid peufion bill. Af ter so me considerable length of debate or th'l3 bill the committee rofe t without co :ni:\; to a dec!lion—.and the house adjour ned till to-morrow. Saturday, Jan. 5. Several petitions were read—l. of Wil liam Seymour, praying a pension in consi deration of wounds received during the war—referred to a select committee. 2. From the merchants of the city of Hud son, praying it may be made a port of en try as well as of delivery—referred to the Secretary of the Treasury. 3* A petition from Gabriel Allen, praying renewal ol two 500 dollar certificates, loft-—referred tp the committee, before appointed for the purpose. 4- Petition of Nicholas V rig land, praying renewal of a loft certificate —referred as before. 5. Petition of Jo nas Stevens, praying compensation for ser vices and lofles, during the war—referred to the Secretary at War. The Secretary of the Treasury's report on the petition of Timothy de Mombrun, ■was read—unfavorable to the petitioner- Voted, that he have leave to withdraw his petition. The bill for compensating the widows and orphans of persons killed by the Indi ans, while under fan&ion of flags of truce. &c. was brought in, engrofled, and pall ed. The house, then, in committee ot the whole, went into a long debate on the sub jest of red&tkig the military sftablilhinttit of the United States. A motion to amend the original refoln tion beitignegatived (jut« 24) the ques tion wac ;>ut on the original rei'plution, as moved by Mr. Steele, which was also ne gatived, 48 against 21—-The committee then rose and reported accordingly—the report laid 011 the table—Adjourned. PHILADELPHIA. January 9. On Sunday evening last. the November Packet arrived at N ■ w-York from Fal mouth. She brings European intelligence to the 20th of November. On the 6th of that month the French attacked the Au iirian army near Mom with such impetuo sity, that in the action, which continued from 8 in tlie morning till 4 in the aiter iioon. the whole Au Vrian army was com pletely routed, and retreated to Callrau. a league beyond Mons. A summons was mmediately sent in to the last mentioned r.ity by Gen. Dumourier, to surrender ; ivhich was obeyed, and 011 the 7th, at 12 Vclock at noon, the French tookpofleflion. By an article of the capitulation, the An- Irian forces were to have evacuated the Belgic provinces (Luxembourg, Limburg. v.id Guelderland excepted) bytheijth of November—From these accounts, there was a complete breaking up of the combi ned forces ; the whole Au (Irian army was reduced to 50,000 men, continually wafting away, and in a most feeble and dispirited condition. On the 2-th ultimo great rejoicings were made in the city of New- York, in confe qlience of the news of the glorious succes ses of Republican France against the com bined forces of despotism and tyranny.' The bells were set a ringing, and every to ken of the most animated joy was exhibit ed ; particularly by the Tammany Society, who in the evening of the abovementioned day met at their wigwam, which they illu minated ; where thirteen patriotic toalls were, during the evening, drank on this exhilirating occasion. A correspondent under the figtiature of A. B. requests us to fnfert the following note to a writer who iigns himfelf A Tra velling Farmer, in the National Gazette, No 118. —" Great complaints have long existed among the brethren of your pro feilion in the middle states of America, ref pefting what is called by them " the fpew ir.g o.J of thtirgrain", to the great injury of their wheat crops. If you can tell t)< the cause. and remedy, you will merit the thanks of our country, and you (liall have those of your humble servant," &c. The committee of the Assembly of New- York, have completely gone through the examination of evidence on the conduct of the late canvassing committee for Gover nor, and'are discharged, On the 4th in stant the house were to go into a full hear ing on the evidence. V\'e hear from South Carolina that William Moultrie, Esq. is appointed go vernor of that State, for the two years en suing, instead of Charles Piuckttey, Elq. whose time is expired. The citizens of. Boston have m ale a se cond application to t'ue LegilUture of Maflachufetts, for a repeal of the law pro hibiting theatrical entertainments. A considerable number of persons are still wanting to work at tlie canal for uniting the waters of the Schuylkill with the Sofquefranna.' the canrl at Gone wago, andfor tfteLancaftcr and Philadel phia turn-pike road, l ive doliarsf ,a month 3re paid from November 1, to May. i ; and !ix dollars a month for the other iix months —provilions found, and a place to lodge in, the labourer providing hi own blanket—Every person who obtains 25 men , to have one dollar for each, and 7 dollars a month. In a late Boston paper (THfe Argus, of !>ec. 25) a writer, who signs himfelf " A Inber man", addrefles tli'e _p''inter as fol lows : "The tale is true :—I loved my country Ifi 1775 my only son fought 011 Bunker-Hill- —I was by,his lide—His mo ther sent the chair down to carry him home—She wiped from h.s nd dreifed the wound in his head ''' washed his bosom,. and drelled the wound ill hi-; br- '.ft—He died—My neighbour Small aSsre, insulted my grief ; he laid. " It was the proper reward of rebellion .' but that a 'miter would be more proper. I persevered in the cause of freedom. Con o'refs wanted money.—l called in my debts, and fold all my land, excepting forty acres. In the year 1778, I ' !ac l Twelve Thousand Dollars in paper money ; I loan ed the whole ; and when they were conso lidated at forty for one, I had a loan office certificate for THREE HUNDRED DOL LARS. In the year 1784, the General CourtifTueda large tax. —As I could ob tain neither t>ie principal, or interest of my loan office note, I was obliged to fell it. My neighbour Smallacre saved his proper ty from the waste of a cause to which he was heartily opposed, and he appeared to buy my note at Three Sii'rflings so. Twen ty By this means, I puu; my state tax of nine pounds ten (hillings and had four | pounds left for town and parish taxes. I A my son was dead, I was content to be po&r, became 1 was not difiveffed. ;My old chair and horse remained ; they enabled my wife, who has become infirm from hard labour, and myfelf, who am a 'cripple with rheumatic diforckrs, to go to meeting. My Neighbour Smallacre has now become rich by the purchase of Pub lic Securities, from people diflrcfTed as I was. He tells me. that our HANCOCKS, afid our ADAMS's, and those kind of men, know how to pulldown a government, but do not know how to build one.—That the strength of government depends upon a Urge Public Debt, which will till the purses of a few men, who will ftapd ready. Lives rrnd Fortunes, to hire mercenary troops, to kill complainers ; and that by borrowing money in foreign countries, and raifmg Pa per as Silver and Gold, calli is made plenty, the people rendered easy and con tented, until t!ie public opinion eftablifiies the powers of government so firmly, thai the Secretary of the Treafnrv may lay tax es upon real and personal eflales, as wel! in upon polls ; and then, they who cannol pay, may become tenants to them whe can.—-He fays, the :;reat and wife govern ment 1 . in Europe are all supported in tlii; way. This is all too deep for me—But I know what I feel —Neighbour Smallacre has with my note, got one for One Hun dred Dollars in Six-Per-Cents —one for rhe fame sum in Three-l'er-Cents —and jiie for the fame in the Deferred Stocks. 3v these. he draws nine dollars a year from :he treasury. Of this, I pay, for the fub iitence of my wife and myfelf, on 12 gal 011s of molafles 2s —on four pounds of Bo lea tea 4/6. on 24 pounds coffee (f on 30 iounds of brown sugar 2/6. on 4 gallons of ■um 2/U- on our wearing apparel about >,/. making in ail £ i : [8. a year ; which s about 13 percent, interest for the money le received for my note. What he re vives besides, makes it about 20 per cent 11 all. —and the property he took of me for C. 13. 10. will now fell for £. 66.—But I low find, that the Secretary of the Trea ury has a New Plan, to lay a Tax of One ):illar more upon my old Chair, and ano :her upon my oldHorfe. And all this does not the interest which my good neighbour Iraws for his £. 13. 10. —My miniver tells Tie, that all great things are made up of 'mall ones." [From a Correfbondent.] In the debates in theHoul'eofFederalße iiefentatives on the motion to reduce the mi itary eftabiilhment,abufes in the army were iccounted for by its dijlance from the feat md eve of the government. In like man ler, abuses in the government, mull be fa voured by its di(lance from the abode and ?ve of the mass of its co.iftituents, which leceflarUy weakens the principle of refpon ibility. This is an important truth which 10 real friend to the government will de- TV, or attempt to pervert. He will rather j'fe his endeavours to promote the proper remedies for the evil —such as legal guards :o prevent abuses, an investigation, andex pofnre of such as cannot be prevented— Publ: i>y in all governmental tranfeftions lot ' r.'t in their nature —frequent and Fail j. 11?ts thereof tranfmictcd for thc iiformalion of the people in the distant a: well as neighbouring parts of the union Vsthii information cannot be otherwift .onveyed, with due effect, than thro' th< han l-l of newspapers, every real frienc :o the government will be a friend to fret iswipapers, and to all jtr't measures foi :hear>ening, expediting, and ensuring, th( j'.rculation thereof. 'Short abflrait of foreign news by th( packet.^ On the nth of November. Ghent the ca pital of Auflrian Flanders, surrendered tc the French army under Gen. Labonrdou nave, without opposition—Gen. Valence it the head of many thousands of his vic arious troops had entered the province oi Wartiur. the country every where fubmit :ing to the republican arms ot France— The duke-regent of Sweden had acknow edged the independence and fovereigntj jf tiic republic of France —On the x Ith o: November Heile Callel .vasii l lull poflelfioi Vf the'Trench—Victor Amadeus, king o: Sardinia; had follicited the affiltance of tht Swi<s Canto;: ■■ igainft France ; the anfwei was. that it was the determination of th; Helvetic Body to preserve the ftrictei neutrality : 3nd ref'ufing any accefiion tc the league against the French nation —Gen Durijoiirier had entered BrufTels at tilt head of his numerous army, on the nth o: November, r.midft the most enthufiaftii acclamations of the inhabitants —whof< persons and property were held sacred or theoccauon —the vermin of royalty, v/hi had long neftied in this city, retreated a the apprdach of the French ; the Arch, dutchefs, princes, peers,parahte.~, a:ul mi nions, and in the rear of the train, Lore Elgin, th? most noble and pu.i! int aiiihaf fadpr of England.—The volunteer co.p: of Ireland were rapidly on the increase. to demand a repeal of grievances, and were fnortlv expected to amount to So.ccc men.—o:i the j. ::i of October the French armv under Gea. Cuftine, summoned Mentz to surrender, which being refuted, ... the city was battered till the morning of the l f 2111, when it was deliveredup on capitula tion—The eleftdr had previotifly retired under a guard ofpriefts, but was soon af ter retaken by his own huflars 12 miles oil his way—The king of Prussia had order ed his troops to occupy Luxembourg till the emperor had indemnified him tor the expenccs of the war—Gen. Cuftine had, in addition to his other conquests, taken Frankfort.—The national convention of Prince had decreed, that the French Ihould noflay down their arms until the Aultri ans re-crofsthe Rhine. [From a London Paper of Nov. 20.] By the Packet. The hews of the taking of Bruflels arri ved yesterday by three different channel! ; the tirlf from a banker of Paris, who writes to his correspondent, that as he was going to seal up his letter, a private letter had ,>een received, mentioning that Dumourier had taken pofieflion of Bruflels ; the se cond by a gentleman who declared upon Change, that he had advice from his rela tions at Dunkirk, faying that three days be fore the 16th inft. the French had entered Bruflels ; the third another gentleman ar rived this morning from Bruflels, afl'erts, that on Friday last he had the pleasure to brcakfafl with Gen. Dumourier at Bruflels ; md yet the Monitor of the 16th does not mention a word of the capture of that place. The following letter frorn Gen. Dumou rier, dated Mons, Nov. 7, was read in the National Convention on the 9th. " Citizen President, " For five days has the army of the Re public been in presence of thelmperialifts ; and not a day palled without an aflion- Vi£tory at length crowned our arms, and Mons is the firft fruit that we have reaped from it. We were received there this morning as friends and brethren : the So vereignty of the People is the basis of every public opinion here ; and the inhabitants are eager to take up arms in defence of li berty ; they are every where forming new Municipal Bodies ; elections are going to' take place ; and soon there will be no dif ference between the province of an Hai nault and a Department of France. Our fuccefles give weight to our arguments; and for once, reason and juilice have been on the fide of power. " I cannot (peak in terms fufiiciently high of the superior bravery of our troops, and of their humanity after the mod dread ful battle in the memory of man. Forty thousand Frenchmen have beat 28,000 Au ftrians itrongly intrenched in woods and heights, covered by upwards of 40 re doubts, by 20 pieces of heavy cannon, and a great number of light guns and howitzers, rll all the preceding aflions the advantage was on-oar fid*? }■ but thebattie of Gejn\ap pe was decisive : it was one of the mofl: general that ever was fought. tvery point of the enemv's line and flanks was attacked at the fame time. Every corps, I inay fay every individual in the army, was engaged ; and after a molt obstinate re mittance, the French nation was tiiumphant m every quarter, through those means in which her strength chiefly consists—artille ry and the bavonet. " The Citizen Minister at War will give the National Convention a more ample de tail of this important business. A battle so long disputed and so bravely won, could not but be attended with a confiderabie loss of men. I have not yet been able ex actly to ascertain it; but estimate the num ber of killed 011 our tide, at 3 co i °f the wounded about 6co. The loss on the ene my's fide from the 3d to the 7th, butparti :ularly on the 6th, amounts to upwards of 1500 prifotiers and cteferters, and upwards of 400 killed and wounded. Nine pieces of cannon, some tumbrels, and great quan tities of ammunition, have fallen into out hands, and prisoners and deserters are hourly coming in. The inhabitants ot Mons", who received us as friends and deli verers, allure us that more than icoo Au [trians had concealed themselves in differ ent parts of the city from their command ers, for the purpose' of surrendering to us. I have some light horse in pursuit of the e nemy, who no doubt Will bring us in more prisoners. We have found here, some [tores of forage and provisions. I am dis patching General Bonneron 011 one fide with 8000 men, and General Dampierre on i-iiothcr, with neaviy an equal force, to make themselves mailers ol Ath, and c£ the immense (lores laid up in that town. " The Auflrian army has retreated in the areateft disorder towards Brussels and Brune-le-Comte : It was to have been joined the day after the decilive battle was fought by the forces under the command of General de Clairfayt : I will soon set out in pursuit of the runaways. '• The troops of the Republic, notvvith flandinn- three nights of bustle, 3nd four days of fighting, and the absolute want of many necefTaties, wh:ch cannot ar.'i\e.as quick as we could wiih, display an ardour and constancy. which cannot fail to over-' , cme every difficulty The privates, offi cers, and generals oi" this army, are all en titled to the confidence and efleem of the Nation. Doumotaier. *** IIIRABEAU in our neat.