Newspaper Page Text
[NuMB.2 2ofVoL.il.] SATURDAY, January 12, 1793.
[The following is copiedfrom the Genera! Advertiser. and infertcd at the particular rcquefl of jeveral of our fulfcribers j To Thomas Jcfferfon. a free citizen and Secretary of the United States. Fellow Cit i zkm, AS a freeman, sincerely interefled in the welfare of my country, 1 am bound to addfefs you. Your republican principles and deportment put me at ease on the fcoie of this address; for although I have not the pleaftire of being perfon s,lly known to you, I am convinced from the general terror of your conduit, that you will liltcH to the voice of every free man, however objeure he may be, or how ever deficient in what is lately termed consequence, provided he comes forward to you recommended by honed princi ples, republican conduit, and love for his country. As an individual I have no thing to a(k, for thanks to my God, ai; independent profeffion has removed nu from th?.t state of pioditution whfch is ne ceffary to a courtier : As a citizen oftht United States* in common with my fel low citizens- I have a claim upon you ■ a claim which as a friend to your coun try you cannot refufe—lt cannot be ne cessary to inform a man of your enlig! t ened pattiotifm, that when your coun try needs your fervice3, as a confident pa triot you cannot withhold them ; the du ly you owe her cannot be furrendercd ai p'eafure —It was with the fincereft emo tions of distress, I heard that you intendec again to seek the peaceful (hades of pri vate life, to foUce yourfelf with your fa vourite philosophy, and leave to anothe. pilot the helm of date. Tempefhwua si the Tea upon which you have embarke, has been made for you, the profpeft ai length is smiling, the dark vapouts o: ariflocracy are difTolving, and propitioui gales are arising to waft you and your vef fel into a haven of security. The ere« are your friends, and notwithftandii>£ the endeavours of the officers to raise i mutiny, to fupercede you, and have th. management entirely to themselves, youi honed labours and firmnefs have fruflratec their wicked intentions, and you ride tri tynphant. True merit is modell; I ant: cipate your reply, that there are man} characters in the United States who hav< equalcapacily and integrity for the talk ; if the ravings of patriotism can be re ceived as a criterion, no doubt w< have i but it is a melancholy truth, thai offices have changed the current of prin ciple, and ofaftion, and that few or nom who have filled them have been able tc withstand the temptation to domineer which their fancied exaltation above tin sovereign, the people, bns given them— The unify of your conduit; your dignifi edand republican simplicity ; your enmi ty to fadidious didance and reserve ; youi refpeft for the people, are fubjeits o affection and commendation, and ough; to be of imitation to every man who i; the friend of equality. Ihefe, fir, make your refignstion to be deplored ; these fir, make your successor to be dreaded— At present you appear to be the colofTw of opposition to monarchical deportment, monarchical arrogance, and vwnarchi£6,, J'plendor ; but were you withdrawn, mo narchy and aridociacy like an inundati on, would overflow our country. —A continuance of your example will appa N4he enemies to equality ; for as long ai the public mind has a distinguished repsb lican to fix its eye upon to contrad with the gaudy infects of a monarchical fun, their love for republicanism, and detec tion of inequality will incrcafe, 'till those pestilential animals shall cease to contami nate the atmolphere of liberty—The peo ble are already alarmed,—they fee oflen tation displayed where they lead expec ted it; they fee [lately superiority a/Tu rned where they looked for equality and simplicity ; they behold the glare of mo- By P. FRENEAU: Publijkld Wednesdays and Saturdays, at Tiirke Doli-ars per annum. narchy where they imagined they should find nought else but republican plainness ; so true it is that when the exaltation of ambition is gratified, its concomitants mud receive their (hare of the feaft——But, Sir, the veil is almost rent which over spread the eyes of the people—what they have viewed with the eye of affec tion, they begin to examine with the eye of republicanism, and soon will the tide of popular opinion begin to ebb from that channel where it flowed like a tor rent, unless elementary principles andJirjl de clarations are resorted to as the standard of conuuA—The conspiracy again (I you by a minijltrial and arijlecratic faction y who leek their own aggrandisement at the expence of the dearest iuterefts of their country,has only served to endear you to yourcountry; fortruft me,fir,that man on ly deserves and will obtain the lasting af fedlion of his countrymen, who conliders their interest as inseparable from his own. Let Catullus rave, [a little incrcafe in the disturbance of his intdlcds will make him i duke or a /-;«§■] let him wage war against you with all his royal and fycophant'ic of the Treafuryat his heels,you may smile it his drawn dagger and defy its point ; ihe armour of virtue will ever defend you lgainft the affeflinations of vice; you live n the hearts of all true Americans, and :he dagger mutt pass through their hearts before you can be deft•■oyed—-Let not the serfecution which has beer, raised againil pou operate on you to retire : the acu- Tien of calumny is spent, and s recoiling jpon its author —you are approved by (rcur country and th»s mull rob envy and lander of their fling—But if von are efolverl, *I»e ~nod \viih« f f every frier.d o mankind must attend you ; and while [ regret a refolntion which is a real evil o my country, I moll sincerely hope that lealth, peace, and content may be the :on(lant attendants of your retirement. MIRABEAU. January 3, 1793. FOREIGN AFFA IR S. PARIS, Nov. 13. ExtraS from Gen. Dum'jitis :cttef to tht National Convention, giving a fiOrticu lir account oj the battle with ihc /.nj trians, on the 6th oj November. " IN the morning I ordered out II pieces of cannon 16 pounders, 12 twelv< pounders, and 12 howitzer*, to be planted along the front of my line. Genera i'Harville, polled on the lieights of Ci phy, flanked the enemy's left, whiiil I at tacked the right, taking from them agair the village cfCarignon bythe Belglc corps supported by nine battalions under tht command of M.jors Central Ferrand, Roziere, and Bloifiere. The centre ol the attack composed of jR battalions, was under the command of lieutenant Gene ral Egalite (the eldell son of the Duke of Orlean ) and Majors General Staten bolfr, Deslorets, and Drouets. Ihe right, contilling of the advanced guard, was commanded by Lieutenant Genera; Bournonville and Major Gemral Dampi erre. Gener.il d'Harville could afllfk us in the attack, only with his cannon, his division being at too g'eat a dillance from the enemy's entrenchments, to be able tc engage. " The Austrian army, on the lowett computation, confided of 20,C00 men. viz. 16,500 foot and 3,500 horse—Others ellimatcd their numbers at 28,000. "We had not more than 30,000 fight ing men. The position of the enemy was truly formidable. Their right was to the village of Genneppe, and their left to the road leading to Valenciennes. Theii whole was polled on a chain of heights, overspread with clumps of trees; three tiers of redoubts rose as in an amphithea tre, one above another, maintaining in all at least 20 pieces of heavy cannon, and as many howitzers, whilll each battullion had 3 field pieces ; so that the enemy had neat one hundred gun*, which they could bring to bear upon us. We had as many to play upon them. But the elevation of their batteries would have given them a great advantage over ours, it we had been i Joked to riik the fate of the day upor, our.vrtfllerv. " My troops, full of confidence in their awn bravery, had expressed to me their most earnest wish to come to close action ivith the Auftrians. I had entire confi dence in their resolution, for in all the movements which I had made them make under the enemy's fire, I saw that they -narched and went through the evolutions is on a field day; but particularly on he three preceding days, when I could lot but admire the coolness and precision with which they executed all the manoeu vres which I had planned. " A hot .cannonnade began on both ides, at 7 o'clock in the morning, and aftpd till ten ; at which time, I was not ible to perceive that our success was r uch as to make it eligible to confine my felf to that fpccies of attack —Whilst I irifited the different paits of my lhre, the troops expressed their impatience to push sayonets with the enemy. General Bour nonville and General Egalite had repeat idly proposed the fame measure. I re trained their ardour, only, that I might Dake its exertion the more vigorous : : or it was my plan ultimately, to tlorm :he redoubts. In the mean time, how ler, I contented myfelf with ordering the irtillery to be pushed nearer to the Auf trians, that it might have the greater cf ;e£t ; and I ordered an attack upon the , llage of Caiignon, because I could not ".ill upon G 1 nHi cope on that fide, withbui being firll mailer of the village. " I sent Colonel Thouvenot, my Adju tant General, an offic r of the highelt nerit, with orders to direst the attack, and ;arrv all the right flank of the enemy. [ desired General d'Harville to advance lis batteries nearer to them, that the great :r execution might be made upon theii eft. I ordered Gen. Bournonville to dc he like, and be ready for the attack, pre :ifrly at noon. I difpatchtd similar or ders to the left, because I calculated we hould by that time be mailers of Carig ion, which it was necessary we fliouh lave in our possession, as the left of ni} ine attacked might be turned if that vil age was to continue in the power of thi ;nemy. " Precisely at twelve o'clock at noon the whole of the infantry formed in co umns in the tw : nkling of an eye, and ad vanced with the greatest rapidity and a lacrity towards the enemy's works ; noi i fingleheadof a column remained be lind. " The firft tier of redoubts was imme liately carried with the greatest vivacity 3uc soon the difficulties and obstacles en sealing, the centre was in some danger ind I law some of the enemy's horse rea 3y to enter the plain, to charge the co umns in flank. I instantly difpatchec thither Lieut. General Egalite, who, b) lis cool bravery, quickly rallied the co ■umnß, and led thein to the second tier o. redoubts. I ordered the third regiment afChaffeurs, and the sixth of HulTars tc support this attack, who arrived very a pro-pos to make head againll, and charg( the enemy's cavalry. I repaired at the fame time to the tight, where I foxnc that Gen. Bournonville,having turned ant carried the redoubts, met with complett success ; his horse had been thrown intc some disorder, whilst he was busily em ployed at the head of his infantry. I quickly rallied them, and they inilantl) charged with the greatest vigonr the ene my's horse, who had already reached oui right flank. Whilst c.ur cavalry was ral lying, a body of the enemy's horse attemp ed to break the Hi ft battalion of Pari; volunteers, who received them with flea [Total No. 126.] dinefs, and with a (ingle discharge killed sixty men ! " In the interval of this action on the right, our left had carried the village of Genneppe, and our centre had stormed and taken the second tier of redoubts ; we ft ill had another battle to fight before we could become mailers of the iaft tier; but it v?as neither as long or as hot as the former ; the AulTriana being fiiled with conllernation at the exploits performed by the obllinate and (till encrealiog bravery oT our troops. «' At two o'clock they retreated in the greatest disorder, leaving us in poflefuon of the ground which they had occupied, and which was covered with the killed of both parties. Their loss was so consider able, and their conflernation so great, that they pafled through the city of Mons, without once halting ; neither did tiiev fialt at Berthomen, or Mount Palifele, or :ven on the heights of Nieicy. " I led the whole vi&oripui army to :he height of the Village ofCufm 'S, where [ placed some infantry, and found one thirteen pounder. I colleded there fotr.e wounded, and deferteis. The fame d3y [ sent a detachment under Gen. d'Har rilie, to take post on Mount Palifele, and mother ur.der Gen. Stetenbolfe, to take possession of Bartellement. " I sent a summons to the city of Mons :o surrender, and a parley took place, of .vhich I inclose the particulars. The :roops, though they had fearcely closed m eye for three days, and had not been ible to prepare any dinner 08 the day of :his terrible battle, pretTed me nevertha efs to let them march to Mons, and take :he town by escalade. I told them they llooid haT* that fatiefaitioo the r.-e.-.t day; ind I accordingly took proper measures r or completing the circumvallation of the ;ity, and attacking it in several places at jnce. But ♦he enemy availed themselves jf the night, and evacuate 1 it: the last joo men of the garrison left it at nine i'clock the next morning. << I was making preparations for plant ng my batteries, when the inhabitants, sfter having broke open the gates, which lad been closed by the Auftrians, came r orth and invited me to enter their city/ which I immediately did. I found the nagiftrates at the gates lo receive me ; hey offered me the keys of Mons : lay ng my hand upon them, I told them we were come as friends and brethren, to aerfuade them to keep their gates always ihut against their old oppressors, and to kfend the liberty which we had just pro ved therii. «' This ever memorable event covers France with immortal glory. There is lot in the whale army a battalion, or 'quadron, or even a single individual, who las not been in close engagement with the enemy. You are already well ac quainted with the abilities and bravery as Gen. Bourncnville. All the other Ge nerals, particularly Gen. Egalite, (hewed the greatest judgment in leading on the army. The field officers and aid-de camps carried my orders with the greatest acti vity and precition, through the midst of the rtjoft dreadful fire and (laughter.— General Drouet has had a leg broke by a mufltet (hot, Colonel Claumont, Adjutant General, was (hot through the arm, and had his horse killed under him. Gen. Ferrand received a contusion in the leg, and had his horse killed. Adjutant Gen. Monfoy was (hot in the mouth, and has seven of his teeth knocked out. Col Du bourret is badly wounded, as is Citizen Lieutenant Berlicke, of the National Gendarmerie, who received 41 wounds (all given with broad fvvords) after he had with his own hand killed 7 of the enemy. Citizen Laffi (Tes. Lienteflant Colonel of the two battalians of the twa Sevres, had his arm b:oke by a mulkec iTiot. Several other officers aud soldiers have been killed and woundsd.