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[N UMB. 26 of Vol. ll.] SATURDAY, January 26, 1793.
BYE LAW'S,agreed upon by the Truflees of the Young Ladies' Academy of Phila delphia. 'pHE slated meetings 9f the Truf -1 ' tees lhall be on thefecond Mon day in every June, September, and March, at 7 o'clock. P. M. Belidesthefe meetings, the Prelidenr, or in his ablence or ludifpofition, the Vice-Preiident, lhall have power to call extraordinary meetings, whenever important or unexpected buli nefs lhall require, of which he fliall be the judge. He lhall likewise call such meet ings whenever three of the trustees deiire him, giving legal notice to all the trullees thereof; but if it lhould so happen, that e President and Vice-Prelident lhould be . bfent,- or refufe calling such meetings, then ic lhall be in the po,ver of any three of the truflees so to do. 2d. Public examinations of the scholars, fliall be held at least twice a year, which lhall begin at the hour appointed, if one Truitev, more th ul the Principal be then pref .it, and public commencements for conferring diplomas so often as the pro gress of the scholars lhall make neceflary, at such time and place a> a board of Trus tees may agree upon from time to time. 3d. Premiums lhall be adjudged to, and conferred upon the befl proficients in each class for t'nofe branches of learning, which are taught in this academy, and the person receivi.i.; a premium at one examination, fliall not receive any at the next fucoeed ing examination for the fame branch of fludy, provided Ihe lhould contiitue in the fame class, even though ihe lhould greatly excell. Butin cafe of her removal to any higher class, Ihe fliallo.l excelling, though in the fame branch, be entitled to a pre mium ; the parents or guardians of such fuccefsful pupils to repay the Principal for the premiums, which to them individually will be light, and the trustees flatter them selves will be readily complied with, in as much as honor is the objetl fought after, and not profit. 4. When books (hall be conferred as premiums, the following certificate lhall be inserted in each. This book was adjudged and publicly presented by the Trustees of the Young Ladies' Academy of Philadelphia, 011 the day of ■ 17 —■ to Mist , of the class, as a premium for her excellence in By order of the Truflees, • President. Attefl Secretary. sth. Each pupil who may be entitled to a premium for writing, fliall produce only one piece for the examination of the Trus tees who may be present, omitting the name of the candidate and substituting a mark in the room thereof, by which the name may be known by the Principal. 6th. Every pupil upon finilhing her edu cation in this seminary, (provided the has been a student three months therein) lhall be entitled to a diploma if Ihe is found to merit it upon due examination, to be con duced by the principal and at least four o ther truflees ; all of whom are to be noti fied to attend at lead three days before the time appointed for commencing the exa mi nation—if the foholar orfcholarsfo exa mined ar.e found to poiTefs a competent k of the several branches of learn ing taught in this academy, viz. spelling, reading, writing, grammar, arithmetic, and geography, it fliall be so certified in the diplomi, to be ligned by the Prelident, Vice-President, Principal, and Secretary, as an evidence of the attention and progress of the pupil, in nfeful learning, and as a lading tefliinony of her merit. 7th. Three quarters of an hour in each and every school day lhall be allowed to teach the German language grammatically, so as the fame does not interfere with the other lludies of the academy ; and the principal will provide a teacher as soon as at leatl twenty-five of the pupils may de sire the fame, and he can agree with the parents or guardians of fuch,for a compen sation equal to his expences on that ac count. Bth. The following (hall be the device of the seal to be used by the corporation, viz. A representation of fix books piled upon one another with the fun of science dilfu fing rays of light over them ; on the low cll or firft book fliall be the word spelling, on the second, reading, third, writing, fourth, grammar, fifth, arithmetic, lixth, geography, motto, " The path of science," and round the border " Seal of the Young Ladies Academy of Philadelphia," an im preffioii of which fliall be affixed to all di By P. FRENEAU: Publijlied. Wednesdays and Saturdays, at Three Dollars per annum. plomas, and such other of the tranfaclions of the trullees as they may order from time to time. The following is the form of the Diplo ma agreed upon by the truflees, viz. The trustees of the Young Ladies Aca demy of Philadelphia, having carefully ex amined Miss inlpeiii.ig, read ing, writing, Enclifh grafnmar, arithmetic, and geography 0 v> here oy make kno sv 11, that Ihe is well acquainted with those branches ofliterature : and at apubliccom mencement hath been admitted to the highefl honours of the iullitution. Deli rous therefore of perpetuating the tefliiuo ny of her merit ; they have, in conformi ty to the charter and rules of the said aca demy, caused the seal of their corporation to be annexed to this diploma, and the fame to be wituefTed by the proper oiiicers. Conferred this day of in the year of our Lord N. B- Nine young ladies have been ho noured with a diploma each, which were conferred upon them at a public commence ment held in June la.fl. OOTJ—»»!■ ' Curfary obfervatiou on the pernicious te lie icy of borrowing miney in Europe. ("Fro n The Cri'-i, a publication in the Boflon Independent Chronicle.] ( Continued from our lafl. ) r>Y becoming debtors to Europeans, all commercial reflriftions which we mly wi.li to impose on them, may be counter acted. During the war, the French had it in contemplation, to fell the debt of the United States. Should England purchase of the creditors of Antwerp and Alll - the debt of the United States, their demand might be so precipitate as to place us in a very disagreeable situation.— Should we not immediately comply with their demands, it might be attended with very alarming; consequences By their haughty threats, we might be placed in a predicament, either to relent their inso lence, by not complying with their requi litions, or be obliged to discharge them to the utniofl farthing. We therefore, by our wanton contrails, expose ourselves to become the sport of ambitious monarchs, enterprizing miaifters, and venal parlia ments. Upon the principle, that foreigners can not pofl'efs real eflate, it appears highly absurd and illegal that loans lhould be had in EuVope, for in this instance, govern ment may invert foreigners with a large proportion of the whole property of the United States. Difficulty in obtaining money for public pnrpofes is the bed security for a proper and frugat use of it. While loans can be obtained w : th facility in Europe " the peo ple" may be kept ignorant not only ui the term 3, but the appropriation; while the head of a department can negociate the loan of millions, and mortgage the whole country for payment, we are fubjeel to in numerable inconveniencies, arising from the vanity, ambition and interell of a few individuals. Indian wars and every other evil may originate, provided the heads of departments are able to draw the money from foreigners, rather than from the ci tizens. Should this mode be adopted we may in time expect to be cursed with II the vile praflices and impositions of British financiering, and the budget of an Amcri can miniflry, like that of a British, m y deceive the people by afalfe detail of reve nues, and a mystical flatement of visionary calculations. Provided we transfer our debt to Euro peans, it may become at some future pe riod, by the management of an artful fi nancier, an apology for more extenlive taxation. It will!hen be only neceffarv to urge the demand of European creditors, to augment our taxes, and a very plausi ble plea will then be made, that unless we immediately comply, we may bring our selves into difficulties, and perhaps a war. The heads of departments will be ever introducing European loans, as ghofls to haunt us in all our public measures, and deliberations They will be powerful in flruments in the hands of men who are in favour of introducing European systems of government. Also to certain specula ting individuals among ourselves, who will be ever studious to propagate to render the public funds a continual source offraud and speculation. Every veflel ar riving, will bring letters of some horrid (iifaflers among the powers of Europe, and our flocks will be conflantly fluctuating on the conjectures and innuendoes fabricated at 3000 miles diltance. Our wharves, and even oar harbours would be crouded with picarooning spe culators, watching to catch the fir it Eu ropean intelligence, and letters froin con fidential friends in London, would be the thermometer to ascertain the funds of the JniteJ States. A lituxuon uifgraceful to our riling government. The people are-often amused with the overplus of revenue, and yet we are cou ftantly borrowing money in Europe ; provided we continue this practice, the United States will be i.i a few years involved in dark myfterioua money schemes, and the merchants and every class of citizens will be groping in the dark to unravel the intricacy, perplexity, and ec centricity of financiering reports, calcula ted to aii:t negjciators to defraud every honelt maa in l'ociety. Ta>c after tax will then be laid, the appropriation of which will be totally inveloped in the arcana ot foreign loans;. we may be conflantly plunging ourselves in debt, and know nei ther rue amount, terms, or period of pay ment, till the mandate of l'ome domineer ing monarch, discloses to us tHe fatal scroll. Up'jn the whole, the perplexing fyltems of financiering hitherto adopted and re commended, however well disposed the author or authors of them may be, seem calculated for uie/i/e benefit of one par ticular class of citizens, without paying the proper regard to their operation upon the political interetts of the country, its coin mcrce, manufactures, and agriculture.— Six per cents. 3 per cents, and deterred tVock, are the legible stamps upon all our liieafures; these are the standards by which the patriotifin of individuals is deci ded. These are the scales by which each citizen is weighed, however conspicuous he might have been in thole day» which tried (not only thepurjes) but the touls of men. .Every man who is not within the focus of this funding influence is Anathematized by persons, whose public exertions never appeared in any other initance,than in their readiness to monopolize the loaves and fifhes.of government. Theintereft of this country i-s brought to a few " plain, praitical and an adorn ed" points, which are, to leifen annually, the public debts, if there is any overplus fortlie purpofe —to cftablilh peace with the Indians—to discharge all fuperniiinerary officers, particularly in the war depart ment—to lower throughout every depart ment the pay of those that are ueceffary— to break off all money connections in Eu rope —to extend our commerce by eifectu al navigation laws —support our manufac tures —encourage agriculture, and parti cularly to lay a competent duty on transfers and discounts at the National Hank. These are the Mential objects that demand the attention of Congress. Long speeches on thfcfe subjects are worthy the notice of the public, but declamations 011 references, See. are too futile for the coiHideration of the Federal Legislature, or for the peru sal of » The People." To conclude, the whole art of finan ciering, now coiififts in arranging our ex penditures on the principles of oecouomy ; our revenue beingfully fufficient for every purpose of government, provided it is not laviihed among officers, who do not earn, either by their attention or ability, one quarter of their annual salaries. A REPUBLICAN. Boston, Jan. 10. 1 (CINCINNATUS, Continued.) From the General Advertijer, of Jan. 14- To the Viftorfovis and Patriotic Officers cf the French army. [HAVE unfuccefsfully advocated the * cause of a disbanded patriotic army whose services, fufferings, and facrifices for eight long years terminated in the li berty and independence of their country, who modestly retired from the field ti lilt ing to the honour and faith of their coun try for the pecuniary pittance due them lor their glorious atchievments ; how will you be afloniflied, and how much will you exe crate a government that for ten long ye;<rs could fuffer such men to struggle with the pinching horrors of poverty, the trem bling pains of nakedness, the con temptuous smile of arrogance, and the difdainful frown of oppression, and ltill [Total No. 130.] more will your aftonifliment encreafe when you hear that these men have at length presented themselves before the rulers of the republic, alked only the sixth part of their (tipulated dues, when inltead of pay /they get contumely and contempt —and are told—you have gained honour, go, feed and clothe yourselves with that : They will do it, the community will furnifti the fuel | nocellary to cook it with—and government the trimmings proper to make it up. Pu nic faith has been for many years proverbi al, it will now be forgotten, for the more infamous new one. Permit me now, Mes Enfant, as you re gard the honour of your country, to in treat you not to trust futurity to reward your services ; you are the guardians ofher honour as well as of your own ; the Ame ricana fide; may be fond of travelling if you encourage her. You have added a su perb dome to the temple of fame, but be cautious how you fuffer Dumourier, by flattering his vanity, to believe that he ought to be the weather cock of it ; for commanders in chief have generally afi'u rance enough to ascribe to their own pru dence, valour, and conduit, the success of all the enterprizes which accident may throw in the way of an army : In all fuc cefsful efforts they deserve a confidemble portion of glory, but not such an exclusive monopoly of it as they generally take ; such for isfiance as, Cromwell beat the royal army and established a common wealth, Waihington took Cornwallis and ellabliihed the freedom of America, Du mourier drove Brunfwick out of France, &c. for if Crom%vell, Waihington, or Du mourier had never existed, England would have been a commonwealth, America would have been free, and Brunfwick would have run away to Germany. If Dumourier be poflelfed of a diltaut kind of prudence he may poflibly polfefs your at tachment and friendlhip, but beware how you bedaub him with fulfome flattery, for he will assume a faftidious defpicabie royal pomp and parade, and itrfblently treat with contempt and neglect the men whose ser vices fliall place him on the pinnacle of fame, particularly if he ever Ihould become President of France without a competitor ; of all misfortunes this is mod to be depre cated, for it is unfalutary, dangerous to, and inconsistent with the principles andfpi rit of liberty and republicanilin to inculcate and encourage in the people an idea, that their welfare, fafety and glory depend on any one man. If the National Convention after yotit' services are no longer wanted, (hould think of dilbanding you without yjjur pay, tell them that you have given your country substantial benefits, which mult be reward ed with something more than visionary pay ; tell them that your strength fliall not be diflipated by division, that your swords which have been the inltruments add com panions of your glory lhall neves be taken from your fides until your services are re munerated ; tell them that you will never consent to be the only fulferers by the revo lution, and by retiring from the field to grow old in poverty, wretchedneft and contempt ; tell them that you will never consent to waale through the vile mire of dependency, and owe the miserable rem nant of that life to charit.y which ha;, hi therto been spent in honour. If your commander in chief be a man of duplicity and fliall think it worth his while'to tread on your diftreifes to ra-ife him one step higher in the ladder of fame, he will con vene you together and like a sniveling boy, will fay to you, affecting to open the aque ous outlet of his watry humours, " let me intreat of you gentlemen, not to take any measures, which will lelfen the dignity and fully the glory you have hitherto maintain ed. Let me request you to rely on the plighted faith of your country, and place a full confidence in the intentions of the Na tional Convention, that previous to your difiolution as an army they will cause all your accounts to be liquidated, that the'v will adopt the tnoft efFeftnal measures to render ample juflice to you for your faith ful and meritorious services. And lot me conjure you in the np.me of Our common country, as you value your ownfacred ho nor, a:, you refpeft the rights of humanity, and as you regard the military and national charafler of France'. to express your horror and detestation of the man who thinks o therwise. By thus determining and thtls acting you will pnrfue the plain and direst road to the attainment of your wishes ; you will defeat the insidious designs of our ene mies, who are compelled to retort from open