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mory of the former, while the groans of tlie
latter,decrepit!, unpeniioned, and indigent, are uttered around us. Are those entitled to all the joys and bliss of a firjt relnrrec tioti, while the many virtuous soldiers and citizens, who have .fallen in defence of their native freedom, are treated as though they were scarcely worthy of the lajl. Those three men have long slept in dud and li lence ; they yet (lumber among the heirs of those equal rights for which they con tended, and no less injultice will beinflidtec 011 them, by drawing them in folenin des pite of their principles from their drear a boiles than indignity to the military mar tyrs of our country, by an attempt to dif tinguilh others, while they are left in ob fcnrity. hut it is suggested, that by (landing ir front of Yale College where Dixwell lies such a monument would be to the youth f good lesson, and cottjpicuoiu example, vjfr The purpose of a monument is to lerve a: a iilent preceptor, and admonition to attei ages, from some great personage or event; since the late donation of our Legifla itir tothat venerableuniverfity, littleneer apprehended from a deficiency iu filen, pre :eptort. But this example is to bespeak a moral, and what is it ? " That the fame of great men, win [uff'r i<i t>ie cntje of public free dom, is not to perish. utterly." What! ftial the liberal youth of that academy, line tin unlettered laity of Rome, need the grof addreff-s of feniible objects to inform then of their rights by birth, and the inalienable freedom of their anceitors, tranfmittec without mixture ? In the (acred records o; what family will the difficult birth ot 0111 republic be to remote posterity wnregit tercd ? In whose nerves wili not the vigoi remain of making the lad appeal, when s concurrence of flagrant circumltances (lial awake the occalion ? In whose bosom wil not the ardour of liberty enkindle, whei the abnfe of power, or the infringement o( the dignity of man (hall trespass upon hi; spirit ? Iu the bones of ourcitizens are bred a love of virtuous independence, and ajuil ly discriminating discernment between the interelt of the people, and the partiality oi government, which they will no fuoner cease to possess, than they will cease to be. In th°ir breads is a monument more dura ble than brass, which time lliall neither eradicate or efface ; and which future ages and generations (hall defend with a rever ential ferocity, as the venerable tomb oi their fathers. Altho' it is the warm wi(h of every liberal man, that a proper jealousy relative to go vernment (hould be kept alive, as the mod vigilant guardian of our (ecurity ; it would Hill be a thing greatly to be deprecated , that a refpeftable part of our community (hould be offended, or the lead encouragement given to disloyalty, by a Hep either unusual or romantic. A conduct like that of the three men in quedion, though perhaps high ly laudable in itfelf, is extremely dange rous, and judicable alone on the narrow bans of urgent compullion. The mod powerful and dangerous medicine (hould be but in few hands, for though necell'ary and indifpenfible in-extreme cases, quacks by misapplying them, may evince a fatality repugnant to their end. Jf in fine, the proposal of Mr Burke be rather the hasty fuggedion of his feelings, than that of ripe deliberation ; if it will canfe compunction in the heart of the war worn soldier at the ingratitude of his fel low citizens-, if it be reflefling on the youth of our country, by supposing that they have not a monument in their minds, whose moral is dill more forcible than that proposed : if it will impugn that ex cellent reflection, which has ever beer made on viewing the scarcely didingnifh edgrave of [ohnjDixwell, Here amonghv. brethren, the advocates of equal rights, lie a man who condemned a king to die, it mud be thought futile & impolitic, & those whe promote thepropofal mud,in the opinion ol ail calm and candid men, be considered a; facrificing their good sense at the (hrine ol their feelings, and by attempting to con fer honor on others, bring disgrace on themselves. MF.RCURIUS. Subdance of Mr. Sedgwick's Speech, ir the House of Representatives, on Mon day January 14 ; the memorial of officer: of several lines of the late army of the United States, being under conlideration. in committee of the whole. Mr. SEDGWICK firft observed, that he did not rife to express an opinion as to any vote which he might ultimately give on the fubje£t now before the committee. It was undoubtedly an important fubje£t—impor tant, as it refpeits the chai after of the ap plicants, and as it involved a confederation of the services which had been rendered bj them. Mo man had a more refpectful o pinion than he entertained of the honorable patriotism of those brave and meritorious citizens, who had ventured their lives in de fence of their country. No man wouk more regret than himfelf, that those ser vices should remain unremunerated. Thus feeling, he should be sorry if the motion ol thegentleman from New-Jersey should pre clude a discussion of the various questions which might otherwise arise in the contem plation of this fubjeit. He (aid he knew several gentlemen who believed that it was impraiticable to grant the prayer ofthe memorials,without produ cing evils, so many and lb great, as infill te iy more than to counterbalance the benefits intended. That it would be a criminating reflection on gentlemen who, withfo much warmth ot declamation, had espoused the cause of the applicants, to suppose that they forefaw those evils and were not prepared to guard against them. It would be indi rectly charging upon them as the motive of tlieir conduct, to give an approving coun tenance to an impracticable object, an in tention of acquiring popularity at the ex pence of the reputation of the government. This was a charge he had ro difpolition to make; he would therefore suppose the gen tlemen had digelted fume fchenie, in their opinion of practicable compeufation ; which, by what they have said, they have pledged to bringforward to the conlideration ot the committee ; but they would be precluded from doing it, Ihould the mover of the pre sent queltion, perlilt in having the fate of the memorials decided on his motion. He laid that, confident in the hope that the gentleman would gratify the uilhes of 'lis friends, he wouid take the liberty jf mentioning some of the embarratlinj which the committee mult meu n the progress of this bulinefs." The whole merit of the present applica :ion, in his opinion, retted on the fuppoti rion til at by the terms of the funding law the government had made a saving to itfelf; ar, to speak with more precision, to the tlebtor part of the community. In other words, that by the terms of the loan an ad ;qnate proviiion was not made for the pub ic debt. This fuppolinon denied by ma ny gentlemen, who did not helitate ex tirefsly to declare, that the proviiion is am ■>ie and ought to be fatisfactory. Others, le said, went further, and even infinuateil hat there existed a sympathetic fenlibiJity between the majority of Congress and the ittblic creditors, injurious to the great bod) jf tilt people. Tins saving coilfhtuted thai •eliduuin of the original contrail which wai he subject ofthe present demand. If ther here was no laving there was norefidi um —no subject of distribution. On this idea :he application is to the ge'nerofity, not the ultice of Congress. On this ground the nemorials. he presumed, were not advo tated by those gentlemen. Should it how ever, be demoiiltrated that the eonteiiiplat d saving had been made to the public, he liked whether this v as the only defcriptioi: >f creditors to whom injustice had been lone ? and would not the fame arguments .vhich fhoulddemonftrate their rights,prove equally the title of every other original hol der to further proviiion ? Was there any iifcriminating principle by which it would ippear that tiiefe men alone were entitled to redrefsfor a violation of justice ? These jueflions were important, and being obvi ous, they must have occurred to the gen tlemen; who, it might reasonably be pre "umed, had come prepared, if not with fa isfaitory, at least with plausible answers. he said, that among the evils which had ieen endured during our struggle for free lom and independence, was a lapfeof pub ic credit, by which there had been appor tioned a severe tax on the citizens; and dthough this was not in exa£t proportion, set it was generally more equal than pro jably any re-apportionment would make it. It was said, at leall by some, that by coni >aring the relative circumstances of the ar ny belore and since the war, with the com munity at large, it might be presumed thai hey had not contributed to this tax beyonc :heir proportion. If on the whole, the ;laim of the army could not be diftinguifh ;d from that ofthe other original credi tors, and if justice required the provifioi tontended for, then it would follow irre illably, that an account was to be openec with each original creditor ; that even if : Jiftin£tion could be discovered which wotilc luthorife a difference beiween the armj md every other description of creditors, i .vas, he said, further allied, by gentleme-i ,vho believe the project to be impi afticable .vhether it was intended, by a further dif inction, to separate the officers from tin bldiers, to provide for the former and nol for the latter ? If one part of the dilemnn was chosen it would operate maniftft injus tice, if the other the government would o pen those sources of speculation whicl Teemed to threaten to inundate the conn, try withenormous evils. He said. gentle men who were disposed to afford a favora ble countenance to the present application had undoubtedly confidereil these effects and had also considered the means of pre venting those evils, and candor requirec that they fiiould be indulged with an op portunity of exhibiting their system. He said, that it was further objected tha the proposed measure would materially al tor the funding system, a ftri£t adherence t( which was guaranteed to the public by ai almost unanimous vote of both Houses. He said, the objections he had mentionec were among the molt important of thoft which had occurred on this fttbjeflt; that ; difcuflion of them would open an-extenfivt field of argument. He thought it would b< of public utility that they Ihould be discus sed, he therefore againfolicited the gentle man from Newjerfey, to withdraw his mo tion, that an opportunity might be afforde< to gentlemen to bring forward a digested system. Further proceedings relative to the fame memorial, in committee of the whole, on 7 uelday Jan. rj. The following; motion was made by Mr. Serry : " Kefolved, as the opinion of this com nittee, That provilion bemr.de for such of icers, non-commjffioned officers and fol iiers of the late army of the United States, ,vho received certificates for the balances lue to them on a final settlement of their efpertive accounts. Provided, that such irovilion shall not exceed the difference be ween the nominal amount of tht said cert ificates, and the real amount ef.imated it the present rate in the market ; of the ertificates which are or may be issued for hose firft mentioned, pursuant to an afl naking provifionfor the debt of the Unite itates." Mr. Clarke moved an amendment, which ras to infect in the firft clause after the Aord "for," all perj oils who hane receiv ed liquidated certificates for Jervices ren iered or Jitpplies fhrtiijhed Ai ring the latt unr ; a', d. On this motion to amend, Mr. Kartle) nade the following obfer\ ations— I wiflied that a question upon the prrver yf the petitioners might be fairly taker .vitlrout any embarrafTment or conne£lior •vith another fubjeit. Let us consider and d'fcufs the claims o) he officers andfoldiers of the late srmy,aiu either grant them, or dismiss their petition' ivith decency. The gentleman ffcmKcw-Jrrfev yefter lay came forward with a rcfolution. ex- Drefling that the prayer of the petitioners ould not be granted—lf this was confif ent with his opinion, it was candid—lie ippeared openly to avow his sentiments— [ cannot fay quite so much in his favor to lay for withdrawing his motion. Indeed, the motu.n presented by the gen leman from MaffacJiiifetts, comes for war r 11 so queftiouable a shape. that I am at i ofs to know who are friends or enemieste :he objefrs of the petitioners. To adopt the proposed amendment, ] consider as death to the motion or. the ta ble—it embraces too much—it contem plates what the abilities of this country art not competent to. I hope it will not be agreed to. The officers ar.d soldiers attempt to lhew :!iat there is a diftinftion between their cast and that of other citizens ; besides wlial :hey have to hope from the bounty anc magnanimity of the ration. It may not be ainifs for me here to men :ion, that I have never bad a certificate, am hat I am not personally interested in the question—l was an officer part of the war. iut have nothing to ask for here. I confi ilerthat the officers and soldiers have e rlaiin of justice as well as equity, beside: ivhat they might expeQ from the magnani mity of the nation. I shall fay but few words on the fuffer ngs and distress of the army ; they v er< ;reat and unexampled in the hiflory o: mankind—Those who are now pres ent, anc were either in the cabinet or field, muf know the force of my observation. I wii not detail the scenes of miferv exhibitce rluring the war. To support the rights and liberties of the country, eft'eers and soldiers freely enterec into the fervice—ln the year 1-76, the offi cers had half pay ; in the year 1777, the pa; was nominally increased. but unfortunate!; depreciation c?roe on, and their aPual com pensation was less than the year before. I have a refpefl for a militia-man, till his cafe cannot be compared in point ol difficulties and danger to that of the officer and soldier—the former occafionallv callec! forth—the latter constantly at the poll oi danger and duty. There was certainly si: inequality in their filiations, which ought to have been compenf::ted for to the soldier The officer w ho was married, though he could meet the dangers of the field himfelf. yet could not view with fortitude the po verty and misfortune which threatened hi; family. Congrefshad made r.o prcvifion to gran' half pay to the officers (w ho should fen etc the end of the war) until some time in the vear 17-? —Several offirers who v ere weli attached to the cause. owing to their ne cessities and the circumstances of tl.eir fa milies, were obliged to rehgn. The commander in chief saw the evils which threatened his country and the ar my ; he slated them to Congress; some ftrorg promises and appearances w ere ab folutelv necessary on the part of govern ment, or the army would not be kept to gether. These were rrade in the noli so- Jemn manner. Many officers and soldier: were retained. Depreciation still continued—The sol dier. hungry and forlorn, was obliged tc take the paper that was offered him by the government. This was not in general the cafe with the farmer ; the latter moll com monly parted with his property volunta rily. One kind of paper followed another du ring the war. Each depreciated ; but still Congress, by repeated resolutions (in order to induce the officers and soldiers to re main at their ports) engaged that they should be compensated at the end of the war. Certificates of different kinds were issu ed ; and I believe Congress and the w hole American world, expefled they were tote paid in specie as soon as there was fufficient ability in the government. And I Hill think there is a difference betwween their claims and those of the other citizens. At the firft fefiion of Congress under the present government, the Honfe resolved that they would support the public credit ; and strong expreflions were used. This gave confidence to the public ; certi ficates were enhanced in value, and many of them had passed into the hands of Gran gers, under the faith of government; so that when the funding bill palled, nothing could be done without the consent of the holders. I wished exceedingly for an opportunity :o give my aid in favour of the officers and oldiers uho had served to the end of the war. It was a voluntary ast in the holder to "und his debt at about four per cent, and t appears there is a confderable saving to Government out of the earnings of the offi :er and soldier, and which may fairly anil lonorably be granted to them. I mean to reach this. Those who concur ivith me in sentiment, ought to be against he amendment now under confderation, ind afiill to alter the motion so as to em brace the objects we have in view. [7c l>e continued.] CONGRESS. HOUSE OF FFFRFSENTATIVES. [The vras ;nd n«y on Mr. Mercer's a mendment to the bill for the further af "umption of the slate debts, (difctified on Fhnrfdav last) were as follow—Yeas.' Vieftrs. Afl?e, Baldwin, Clark, Dayton, F'irdlcy, Croie. C r'fTn, Cregp. Giles, Greenup, Heifer. Jacobs. Kitchell. Niles, Lee. Miicon, Madi "on, Mercer, Miferge, Moore, Orr, pi<ge. Parker. Steele, Schoon maker, Treadwell, White. Wil liamfon, Willi:— 30. Nays: Mefirs./mes, Banwell. Benfon, Boudinot, B Bourne, S. Bourne. Fit2fimons, Gerry, Oilman, Goodliue, Gordon Huger, Hartley. Hill houfe, Kirtera. Key, Laurence, Lirer mcre, Lerrrcd, Leonard, IV i:rr;v. Muh lenberg, Sterrett. W. Smith, Sturges., J. Smith, 51 n.pter, Svlveffer, Sedgwick, Tucker, Thatcher, Ward, Wadfworth— js?>- The motion made by Mr. W 7 illiamron, Tee our lafl] was negatived, yeas 29 — nays 30 (and not, " yeas 19," as was er roreoufiy inferred in our minutes of that day's proceedings.) Friday. Jan. 2j. A petirion of Julius Kirper was read and laid on the table ; praying ccmpenfa tion for.lofles ard services during the war. The report of a committee was brought in. allov\ii:g 7 bcmasWifharta lieutenant's pay during a certain period mentioned— also, a bili for fettling the da'ms of Jofejh Henderfon, which was twice reed and committed for to-morrow. The house then, in ccmmittee of the whole, took up the bill for granting fur ther c< mpt nfntion to certain receivers of continent;! taxes, who continued in fer vicc after Dcc. ei. 1782. The ccmmittee roie ard reported the bill without amend ment : which the house having taken into ronfderat on, and the question being put For engrcfi rg the bill, it palled in the ne irativc — year. — nays 24 —the bill was lonfccuer.tly left. The confderation of the bill was then refrmed. for authorising a loan in the notes ur certificates of the individual slates, to Ihe amount which shall appear due by the United States, upon a final fettlemeut of accounts. Mr. Dayton'; motion, made yesterday, To pc.flpone the commencement of the "übfcriptions to the loan,toJan. 15,1794, ivas further conft'ered. Mr. Dayton consented to vary his moti on. which was pending yesterday when the lou e adjourned, and fix the ift of Janua ry 1-04, for opening the fubferiptiens ; which pro if on was intended to give Con zrefs, at their next feflion, an opportunity r>f reviewing the settlement of the com missioners, fl ould it be found necefTary. The yeas ard nays were called on this a menclment and were as follows : Ayes—Mefirs. Ames, Afhe, Baldwin, Barnwell, Berfon, S. Bourne, B. Bourne, Dayton, Findley, Giles, Gi4man, Gregg, Griffin, Grove, Hillhoufe, Jacobs, Kitchel, Kittera, Learned, Lee. Livermore, Madi son, Moore, Murray, Page, Parker, Schoonmaker, Sedgwick, J. Smith, I. Smith, W. Smith. Sterrett, Sturges.f v.mp ter, Venable, VI hite, Greenup, Millcdge, Orr—39. „ Nays— MelTrs. Boudinot, Clarke, Fitz firnons, Gerry, Coodhue, Hartley, Heifier, Huger, Laurence, Macon, Muhlenberg, Niles, Steele, Sylvester, Thatcher, Tred well, Tucker, Ward, Williamfon, Leon-, arc—2o. Mr. Boudinot moved aprovifo, giving a preference to the state paper iflued for ser vices Srd fuppl i s during the war, in the fubferiptions contemplated by the bill.— This smendir.ei't was agreed to.