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National gazette. [volume] (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1791-1793, January 30, 1793, Image 3

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The question on engrofllng the bill wSi
then put, and the yeas and nays being call
ed upon this question were as.follow :
Ayes—Mefl'rs. Ames, Barnwell, Benfon.
Boudinot, S. Bourne, B. Bourne, Dayton.
Fitzfimons, Gerry, Oilman, Goodhue.
Gordon, Hartley, HiMhoufe, Huger, Kit
tera, Laurence, Learned, Livermore.
Muhlenberg, Sedgwick, W. Smith. Ster
rett, Sturge-'. Sumpter, Sylvester, Thatch
er, Tucker, Wadfworth, Ward, White,
Nays—Messrs. Afhe, Baldwin, Clark,
Findley, Giles, Gregg, Griffin, Grove.
Heifter, Jacobs, Key, Kitchell, Lee, Ma
con, Madison, Mercer, Moore, Murray,
Niles, Page, Parker, Schoonmaker, J.
Smith, I. Smith, Steele, Tredwell, Vena
ble, Williamfoa, Willis, Greenup, Mil
ledge, Orr—32.
The Speaker Old aye, and the bill wa:
ordered to be engrofled.
SATtrr.DAY, Jan. 26.
A letter was read from the Treafkirci" o:
the United States, incloling his last quar
terly account of receipts ami expenditure:
for Oflober, November, and Decembei
v -,;2, as fettled by t!ie treafurv officers.
Several petitions were read and refer
red—alfo. the report of the Secretary 01
the Trcafury, on loft or destroyed proper
ty ; 100 copies of which were ordered ti
be printed.
A bill to authorize a loan in the notes 01
certificates of such slates as on a final set
tlement of accounts shall have a balance
due to them from the United States wa
brought in, engrofled. and read t'le thirc
time. Without tilling np the blanks, how
ever, in the bill, a motion was made foi
the house to adjourn, in consideration th
t he members of the committee on t'ie en
quiry into the canfesof the failure of Gen
St. Clair's expedition were then attendin;
the examination of several witnefTes
whose evidence was of importance, bill
who must neceflarily be difiniiTed if the
committee were required to attend foi
the present purpose : whereupon the quef
tion being put, it was agreed to adjourn t<
MovnAY. Jan. SR.
After reading and referring a number o
petitions, n motion was made and carried
that the committee of the whole be dif
charged from the further consideration o
the additional bill, from the Senate, for ef
tablithing the judicial courts—the bill wa
then referred to a feieft committee.
The engrofled bill foralfumingthe balan
<;es of the ftee debts, was then taken int<
consideration - and the blanks filled up. Th(
previous question wasthen calledforbyMr
Page, viz. shall the main question on the bil
benow put ?—This was carried in the affir
mative.—Yeas: Mefl'rs. Ames. Barnwell
Benfon, Boudinot, S. Bourne, B. Bourne
Dayton, Fitzfimons, Gilman, Gerry. Good
hue, Gordon, Hartley, Huger, Hillhoufe
Key, Kittera, Laurence, Livermore, Lear
ned, Leonard, W. Smith. Sterret, Sturges
Sumpter. Sedgwick, Muhlenberg, Silvefler
Thatcher, Tucker, Wadfworth, Ward,&
White, —33. Nays: Mefl'rs. Ash, Baldwin
Clarke, Findley, Gregg, Grove, Greenup
Giles, Griffin. Heifter. Jacobs. Kitchell, Lef
Macon, Madison, Moore, Mercer. Mur
ray, Milledge, Niles, Orr, Page, Parker
Schoonmaker, I. Smith. J. Smith, Steele
Tredwell, Venable, Willis, and William
The main question was then taken, fhal
the bill pass ?—when it appeared that th<
house was equally divided, (Mr. Key now
voting against the bill) the other votes be
ing the fame—upon which the Speaker gave
his vote in the affirmative. The bill there
fore palled to the Senate for concurrence
Mr. Findley moved for ttfkinn up Mr.
Hartley's late motion forgiving seven year:
half pay to widows and orphani of the offi
cers, who were killed in the United States
service since June, 1784. or who shall be
hereafter killed.—The committee of the
Whole,after (pending some time in consider
ing the fubjedt, rose and reported progress.
January 30.
Accounts from France, by way of Bait'-
more fay. that five thousand of the Austrian
general Clairfayt's army had deserted, and
that the general was aflaffinated ; also,
that both Brufll'h and Ollend were in the
ha ids of he French—Sweden had acknow
ledged the republic of France—An insur
rection had broke out at Bruges, in Bra
bant. the popular party againlt the court,
and several lives on both fides were loft—
Eight articles of impeachment were exhi
bited against the late.king of France in the
National Convention on the |2th of No
vember, and from several circumstances it
began to be thought that his sentence
would be capital—The Pope had publicly
announced the Ecclesiastical territory to
be in danger from the approaching French
armies , but declined heading his troops
in person; this charge therefore devolved
on Prince Borghefe, and some others of
the nobility, who were taking measures
for the common defence.
The toast of the day in Boston, is, " Ci
tizen Steele, th? independent investiga
tor of the war department.''
Letters from Europe mention the prince
of Heileto be in a deep decline ; supposed
to be owing to his prel'ent embarraiiing li
tuationin his revenues, not receiving thir
ty pounds a man lor all the Hessian troops
that are killed.
" The federal House of Representatives
(fays a Virginia paper; has not, as yet,
turned the key upon us But if the port
office law is not a prelude to this, it will in
the end have nearly the fame effe£t, and
the people be as much in the dark with re
gard to the proceedings of this body, as
they have been, and are likely to continue,
in those of the Senate. Two of the moll
valuable periodical publications of this
country, (the American Mujeurn and V
niverfal A/ylum) have already been flop
ped in consequence of the oppreiiiTe opera
tion of this law."
Accounts from England mention, that
they begin to flog their soldiers for read
ing Faille's " Rights pi Man." This,
while it gratifies the low revenge of the
court, will notwithstanding be the readied
means to pablilh the book throughout the
military p.irt of the nation.
CorrcJpendents in one or two Eastern
papers seem highly at the idea
of a common hangman being thought a ne
ceflVy officer in the state of Connecticut,
or that there is any perforT there that de
(erves hanging. Such fqneaniilhnefs be
trays inconfiltency, efpccially when we
roniider that those very correjpm dents
have upon many other occasions conftanriv
manifested a lauiahle predilection and the
molt profound respect for exalted charac
We are informed, that the Electors of
the (tate of Kentucky voted for George
Wafhingt.lo and Tkorpas Jef'erJ'on. as Pre
lident and Yice-Prefident of the United
M. ft Inn chard, the celebrated aero
naut, is about erecting a large building, in
the rear of the lot occupied by Governor
Mifflin, for the purpose of an aerodaticai
Laboratory. Here he proposes to exhibit
the balloon with which he ascended on
the 9th of January, and also another, much
larger, limilar to that with which hecroif
ed the British Channel. Some interesting
pieces of mechanifni will also be kept in
this philofopltical Laboratory. When the
materials are fully prepared, notice will be
given the public, and a second fubfeription
will be opened for a 46th afceufion, which
it is hoped will be filth as not ro dishonour
this great capital, the Athens of America,
and where every species of genius ought to
meet its reward. M. Rlanchard, we nn
derftand, does not mean to ascend, unless
the fubfeription (hall be such as to indem
nity him for th* experice ; the lafl having
fallen conliderably Ihort.
We learn from the Cofion papers, that
the appellation of citizen is univerfaily a
ilopting in that capital, in lieu of " your
excellency." " your honor," or, " your
reverence," by every independent free
man. However pleasing it may be to the
friends of republican finiplicity in the mid
dle and southern slates to fee fncli notifica
tions in their papers, it must be neverthe
less cotifefied that the proportion comes
with rather an ill grace from one or f wo,tht
tenor of whose publications his hitherto
uniformly tended to edablifh anflocratical
[Uftinftioiis in the United btates. In eve
ry quedion an honest man w ill
lake a decided part, and flick by it.—
Whifflers will always fwiiri with the cur
rent offuccejs
Royalty feeros determined to exhibit
"ome tokens of poinpofity in America, as
long as it has an inch of ground remaining.
Iniome late transactions ofthc afTembly ot
Lower Canada, wearetold of the Gover
nor being seated on a throne under a ca
nopy of Jtute, and adorned with other trap
pings that uiuft'appear new, even to that
•' To sigh fjr ribbands, if thou art Jo filly.
Mark how they grace Lord Umbra, or Sir
M, Roufftlet, late Editor of Le Courier
Politique de PUntvers, atßofton. has, af
ter publifliing a few numbers, difcontinu
?d his paper, and departed for Gaudaloupe
:o fulfil the duties of apostolic missionary
111 that ifland —Mr. Parker, of this city, has
ilfo discontinued his French paper, enti
:led Courier de /'Arrerique—Mr. Parker
-equeftsusto inform the public that he will
n a few dayspublilh at No. 259, north se
cond ftrcet. The irnpeachrnent cf M. de la
Fayette, with his Defence v a work peculi
arly interesting to American readers.
We hear that John Vining, F.fquire, is
elected Senator for the .State of Delaware,
in the Senate of the United States, in the
place of Richard BafTett, Esq. whose time
expires in March next.
DIED, on Friday !aft, in the 30th year
of his age, Mr. THOMAS LANG, of this
city, one of the printers to the Pennsylva
nia House of Representatives. On the
Sunday afternoon following, his body was
interred in the burial ground of the Free
Quakers, inthiscity. Mr. Lang was a na
tive of Scotland but had resided in this
country for ten ortwelve years pafl ; and
univerfaily fultaiued the character of a
worthy, honelt man.
Extract from The Connect cut Courant, o{
January 21.
" The experiment of elective sovereign
ty has never been fairly tried ; and there
has been no inltance in which the free
choice of a nation has ever been, or could
have been manifefted in the election of its
sovereign, in the European quarter of the
world."—" In tile United States of Ame
rica, we have fairly begun the experiment
of an elelti-je Jonereignty, in the choice of
our Prelident by the free fuffrages of a
whole people. It remains only to be de
termined by experience, whether this form
of government has fufficient energy to per
petuate our national happiness ; or whe
ther on the death of the man, " who unites
all hearts," it can cement the political u
nion of a territory so widely extended, and
a people so numerous, as the future inha
bitants of the United States.!!!"
[Frjjm a CorreJpendent. ]
The friends of Publicity in the menfure;
of government, and Rejponjibility in thofi
who adminiflrer it, will no doubt be weli
pl-nfpd to learn, that the public-fpiritetl
mister of a numerous academy in this cit\
has adopted a plan, which will, in dnefea
um, facilitate the diffulion of political in
form",(ion to every part of the Union. Al
present, the conlHtuentsat a distance have
frequently no other criterion, by which t<
judge ot the couduft of their representa
tives in Conj/efs, than tlie franked ac
counts they rcceive from the re;>refenta
t'ives themselves ; whereas, if their debate:
were fuily and regularly publiflied, theii
conilitueiits, instead of "feeing through i
glajs, darkly," would be able to fee witl
their own eyes, without borrowing politi
cal ielejcopet from men, who have ii
in their power to present them eithei
end of the perfpeitive, as may bell fuii
their own purposes. To five honorable
gentlemen the trouble of thus holding tif
the to the eyes of their conflituents
nothing i 3 wanted but the afliltance of 3
few men capable of taking down theii
speeches, and circulating them through the
medium of the public prints, independent
oi franks: and such men, though 11 o «
ftarce, will soon abound in this city, since
the teacher above-mentioned has alreadj
determined to introduce among his pupils,
Mr. Lloyd's Short-Hand System, publilhet
here a few days ago ; thus rendering hi:
(chool a fruitful nursery of expert ihort
hand writers, who, whenever occaiior
may call for the exertion of their talents
willbe able to gratify their diltant fellow
citizens with genuine and impartial intel
ligence refpeiting every important mea
sure agitated on the federal floor. As it i:
probable that other teachers will fgllow
his example, the confluence will be, that,
in a few years, every ui3n, who can writ<
at all. will/be able to write (hort-hand ;
every argument, that is advanced in Con
gress, v. ill appear in print ; and the citi
zen of New-Hamplhire or Georgia will bt
as well informed of the proceedings of tht
national legislature, as the inhabitant 01
ffrom another Correfpan dent. ]
Itappears from some late publications,
that a new order of citizens has been crea
ted in the United States, conlilting only oi
the officers of the federal government.—
The privileges ofthisorder, it is Paid, con
lilt in fharmg. exclulivelv, in the profits oi
the 25,000 dollars a year allowed for tht
Prelident's table, and in the honor of ga
zing upon him once a week at his levees-
It remains only to give this new order z
name, and allignita proper coat of arm;
and insignia; I ftjall therefore propose thai
it be called the mojl noble order of the
gooje, and that it have aflttmptive arms, in
the dexter fide of the escutcheon of which
lha',l be a knife and fork, or, the genius oi
America couchanton thelinifterbafe fable,
the crelt a feather, argent —A ribbon with
a rattle suspended to it, to be worn round
thewiift inltead of the (houlder, in imita
tion ot achild's JaJh, and that the order oi
the motto be, "pleafsdwith a rattle ann
tickled with a Jlraw.
Thoughts on sbverai subjects.
\_From a Corr;fponder.t. J
r. Honorary titles, by promoting idea;
offervile diltinction of rank in society, have
always been the fore-runners ofhereditarj
titles. Thole who have been uniformlj
labouring, in this country, for several yean
part, to introduce the former, would hard
ly hare the elfrontery to deny, if hart
pulhed. that the latter are their real objeit,
Openly and boldly to propose the adoptio;
of hereditary diltinctions in the Unitec
States would thow a man to be a bad po
liticim. and would at leaf! prove that h(
had not balanced matters properly in hi:
own pericranium before he proposed fuel
monstrous doctrines to his countrymen
a cov.rt method was therefore netefiary t<
be taken, and certain checks to be impofee
uponthe great leading notion, that contem
plates an hereditary American nobil.ty, ir
order that it might be attended with th<
willicd-forfuccefi. These ideas have beer
suggested to me by reading a coctinuatior
of pipers in the Connecticut Courant, enti
tied An American, a title that for fonif
time part feemsto have been appropriatec
to several scurrilous and ill-judged produc
tions, tending to abnfethe republican cfia
rafter of this country, vilify its best friends,
and introduce doctrines that would be but
oarely tolerated in Russia or Germany, and
which in 1775 would have certainly incur
red a vestment of tar and feathers here.
3» There is nothing more unaccounta
ble than that any nation at this enlighten
?d period fliould faffer characters to fill im
portant offices, whose principles are avow
edly hostile to those under the acknowledg
ment of which they were placed in stations
trust anci rtfpcctsbility. In Ordin?*
y of life no man confides his poul
:ry houle to the charge of a fox, his flower
3r kitchen garden to a swine, or flitters his
rife or daughters to be under the direftiort
>f rakes and debauchees; and yet how of
en do we fee a people entruftirg to pro
efied encmie3, or doubtful friends, the
I earefi: political interelts of themselves and
:heir poderity !
3. Several writers in one of the Con
ledicut papers (printed at Hartford) or
me wi iter under a variety of fignatures
lave from time to time publiflied fenti-
T!en " so profefledly hostile to the republi
an principles of our government, that not
i few have been led to suppose a design has
seen 1 mmed by a certain party to infln
■nce the good people of that state entirely
II favor of, at leaif,.eleftive monarchy as
>aving the way for hereditary. Every ho
le!; republican fliould keep an eye of ftrift
.vatchfulnefs upon those mischievous ebul
ltions of rancorous hearts and (hallow
leads, and makeufe of every honest means
,0 '"'P'-efs the public mind with horror and
letetlation of fuchdo&rines. But the dirt
1"f co '>™ out - and if the principles of high
icderalifm and old toryism have a tenden
ry to the lame objett. let them alike, in
..ue time, meet with the jnflly meriteci
contempt, disappointment, and disgrace.
4. Some there are who fueer at the
octrine of human equality, as a condition
?, r . : ' vilionary and not attainable in
;his life. That high blooded noble!, who
were born to titles and estates in Europe,
Ihould be tenacious of such opinions is by
no means strange, considering the force of
education concurring with a natural pre
judice in favor of rank and family ; but
reprizing mdeed is it, that fucli prepofte
-ous notions Ihonld be imbibed, advocated
ind propagated by new men among us the
creation of vefterday, who Jo unjeajmably
; Jt themselves up as " the better fort," and
ilecry every idea of equality, not confider
*or en ds belt known to>
herfelf, will forever fix a diftinftion be
tween man and man, in a variety of parti
culars, and that governments fliould insti
tute a political equality to counteract in
Tome degree, the seeming partiality of na
ture, and 1 = just to all alike.
5. The sycophants and tools of g eo
veriiment can have no idea that any man
acts in anyinftance from pure and diiinter
efted motives. Hence when they find their
favourite schemes detested and exposed,
unci that matters cannot be carried on fa
fmonthly as they imagined, ttfe opposition is
imputed lo the baleff principles and every
calumny invented that can blacken and de
fame. Salary is the great object of such
characters, altho' at the fame time confci
°us that the meanest salary is beyond their
defeits, and that the public money would
be wholly thrown away in employing them.
I he man who has only abilities to ring the
bell, or chime Godjave the king, ought not
111 reason to afliime the rector's pulpit, nor
should he who is only competent to the du
ties of a parish clerk, aspire after th- mi
tre of a right reverend. Flattery may,
indeed, do something, and elevate a man a
few inches above his natural level, but in
:he end (he rarely fails of leaving him
where (lie found him.
We hear fromSouth-Carolina, that a bill
ias palled their legislature, prohibiting the
importation of (laves from Africa, the Welt
Indies, and elfewhere,for the further term
of two years.—ln the Senate, the bill was
only carried by the Speaker's carting vote.
On the j;d instant a fre(h filmon was
exhibited in New-York market forfale.
Thus, if the Philadelphians have been gra
tified with their January (had, the New-
Yorkers have also had their January sal
mon.—They were, beyond all doubt a
couple of odd fijh.
ALL pprfnns a ' e forewarned how they take
an alignment upon a bond of £. m ; »o
(bearing dat-e January 16, jynz, given by MOR-
DliC AI and NATHAN HUIjT, of the township
ol Horlham, county of Monrgorri?r\'j and State of
Pcnnfylvania, unto J/aiab Quinby of the town
ship of Amwell, county of Hunterdon, State of
New-Jersey 5 as the sum fpecificd within fa*d
bond has been lawfully tendered to the said Isai
ah Quinby on the day it became due ; but he
having refufed to comply with certain ftipulati
on-i agreed to before incontestable evidence?, pre
vious to his deceiving said bond, we arc now de
termined coconteft the fame.
P. S. Said bond was obtained by illegal means
and may probably be cojitefted for reafona not
here referred to.
Horfham Township, January 28 1793#

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