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cuiiiftanee mu.l have 11:n there from time
immemorial. Whenfirft di.covered, thej were apparently dead, Imu upon being ex posed to the air they soon b?taiKC.:;l:ve anc: hopped about. Those of them uliichwen cot conveyed tothe Water perished in a fev, minutes, but those that were, became gooe : frogs, and "found (fays the writer) 1 dart f .y, a happy refurri-iiion.'' The old court-game of keeping up a fpi lit of eliffention in Ireland, on the score oi Catholic and Protestant, seems verging tc nn end. A large new chapel, upon a libe ral plan, is now erected at Lifburne, ir that iflantl ; wherein, in November lad. a congregation for the firfl time all'emblcd of not less than one thonfand persons, ca tholics and proteilants imlifcriminately. for the purpose of public worship. Lemuel" Benton, E<q. ischofen a mem ber ol the Koufe of Representatives of th United St.ites for Georgetown and Che raws, in South Carolina ; and Alexander Gillon, Esq. is chosen a member far Beau fort and Orangeburgh. A French v'pffcl, arrived at St. Mark: in Hifpaniola, left Nantz the ijt \ of Ja nuary, e'n;ht days previous to the tinu mentioned in the Lisbon accounts of t':i execution of Louis j6th. At the abo\ ■ xlate there was not the least suspicion o fueli an even; taking place : on the con trary, every thing wore an afpeft ofpeacc and moderation, and the current news o ' the place was that Spain was disarming ir consequence of an amicable negociatior which was going forward between thai kingdom and the republic of France. The latefl intelligence from England directly to this port.is to th" nth of Janua ry. from which it appears' that preparati ons for war, \\ ere going on, altho' nothing decisive hid been determined upon.— Neither w.i< there any well grounded ex pectation of the death of Louis the 16th so that if full an event really took place only four days after the date jult menti oned, it lr.ult have been the effe£t of some violent and sudden commotion of the Pa riiians. The Roman Catholics of Le'and have sent a deputation to attend the Levee a! St James's, and present a petition to tlu king enumerating the multiplied grievan ces they labour under, complaining of the severities. disqualifications, and opprefli onsunder which they groan, merely for exerciling a freedom of opinion in religi ons matters, and praying that they may bt put upon a footing with other Britilh Cub jefts in that respect. The mob, (laid to be univ.erfilly the tools and aelhgre-J of the administration have burnt Thom is Paine in effigy, in sev eral towns and vill u;es of F.tigland. It i added, that these executioners of ministeri al vengeance are univerfallv vagrants, ant the lowett and tnofc infamous banditti c: the if and : not an honest man, a man o: fentiruent, or a man of the mult moderate degree of i efpeftability to be leen amonj them. It was determined, on the 4th inft- b; the Hottfe of Representatives of the M il fachufetts legislature. that it is not uncon lVitutionjl for the members of Congref elect, to hold feats in the llate legislature The famous Daniel Shays, who made fc much noise some years ago, as head of party of insurgents in the Rate of Maifa chufetts, matle his appearance in Boftor the beginning of the present month, to sup port his former application to the legifla ture, to be restored to the rights of citi zenship. It appears from a publication in Tht General Advertijer of yesterday, that Mr. Blanchard was a loser to the amount ol fifteen hundred dollars, and upwards, by his -aerial ascension on the 9th of January la ft. Notwitiiftanding this difcou ragiuj circnmftance, Mr. Blanchard hasconfentee to open a feeond fubfcripcion,and ao soon a: a fufficient number of names appear, wil ascend in a larger balloon than before (with a companion) from some place ir this city, on a long voyage. Several curi ous experiments are tu be tried in thi flight ; and dogs, cats, and other animal: are to be let fall from the height of the clouds, to descend unhurt to the earth, b\ means of a parachute N J3. Ticket: for admifSbn to the place of ascension to be had at one dollar each. Instead of reviling the French republi cans as monsters, the friends of royalty ir this country should rather admire at then patience in so long deferring the fate o: M their perjured monarch, v nose blood i: probably confielered as an atonement foi the fafety of many guilty thousands that are fftdl fufiereel to remain ' in the bosom ol France. Who but mufl execrate the vi c:s inseparable from a throne, and the murderous principles of the abettors of monarchy, when herecoliec 5 \vh it was tc have been the fate of the republicans of Paris, had the Duke of KrunlVick reached that capital with his army in i .ill force ? — Let the following document ,declare it, which the reader may elepend i.pon as de duced from unquellionable authority. "The plan of the emperor and the king of Pruifia for the campaign of tjj; was, if pofiiblc, to prnetrate as far as Paris. W/ien the army had entered Paris, tlie in - habitants were to have been alfembled on the commons. A difcriinination was then to be made : the revolutionists were to be t 'put tix death. The particular fate of the rcit \v:u not exprefsiy mentioned. Very probably however, the fyfVem of the rmpe ror was to be adhered to, who, in his uia nifeitos, luid ordered all his governors ot to tiis not to ipare any, on the least ap pearance of revolt, except won:en and children, and in cafe of illegal opposition, to burn all the public stores, magazines of powder, &c. awl set fire to the towns, as it was thought proper to leave the country desert rather than inhabited by revo/tcrs. Such was the language of the combiner kings. Jn all cases, the houses of the re volutionists were to be delivered up tc plunder, and such floods as should chanct to be saved were to be confifcated to tin use of the king. There was also an agree ment between the combined courts not t< receive into their dominions any republi can revoli|tionitt; and the lilt of proscrip tion was lb be extended to those who hat a/ter a certain time removed into foreig' countries ; and finally, that war was to bt declared againlt all powers who should e vade, or not agree to, the above league a,id a manifelto to be publilhifd in confe que.ice thereof." A French paper [Patriate Francois gives uc the following scale of Beings beginning with the molt sublime of all aiu descending to the lowest dregs of his vifi ble and invilible creation j—viz.—God— Angel—A tyrant killer—a philanthropic An honest man—A labourer—A flothfu cowardly citizen—A moil!-.—A faint —/ hero—A king—The devil—(credit is giv en for the above scale to Au Knglijh Re publican. ) f A Portrait of the present King of P raffia (From a French Paper.) " One would be almost tempted to thinl. him the king of Sim-calves. He has nei ther wit, strength of expreflion, confiften cy, or application. In point ot talfe he i: an epicurean hog, and possesses not a sin gle qualification of a hero, unless it he pride ; an.! it may be fairly quef.ionet whether even this is any thing more than s narrow cockney species of vanity. It is tc be feared too, that the general contempt into which he will soon fall, will by irrita tinghiin, take away even the little pood that is in him. lc is certainly a great weakness in a man who is devoted to the mod licentious pleasures, without choici or delicacy, to be anxious to throw the veil of lecrefv over everv thing, in a poll, where it is next to impofiible that any thing can be a secret. —He is extremely ignorant—and as to love, he can hardly b; said to love any thing, fie has been given to nnderlhind that to be a great character he should be a German. He debases him felf to the level of hi* national genius in l'tead of exerting himfelf to raise the genius of his nation, became his views never ye: extended farther. Ifhe really hates any tiling, it is a man of good sense, which is unnatural to him. He hates the one be cause hedefpair of attaining the other,and seems not to have conlidered, that thofc who really have good sense are generally the lalt to know they have it." \_From the General Advertiser.] " Weareall crying out for equality, and republicanism, and deviling modes for the eftablHhment and preservation of princi ples fojult and natural. Yetwhillt we are aiming our blow s at what frequently are but the shadows of aristocracy, we cnerill; and protect the substance. A good physi cian will search for the cause ot the disor der, and w ill not content himfelf with pre venting its immediate cffefls, but will eradicate whatever may produce them, and prevent even their possibility. We lop off the leaves of the noxious weed of aris tocracy. the root is Hill nourished in our foil, and will sprout out with encreafed vigour. Any infringement upon the forms ot°equality and republicanism, seems at once to (hock us, yet by <jur laws we make ililtinaious, which are not inimical to the equality wc so much admire, but upon ex amination w ill be found the very support, the very foundation of the ariltocratical fabrick we have been demoliOiing, upon which; if not removed, another, (till stron ger, may be raised. " It would be difficult to account for so threat an inconsistency, did we not take into v iew the implicit deference which is gene rally paid to custom and habit. Forms and laws, founded perhaps originally with the llrifleft attention to the ends they were to promote,, are handed down from one ge neration to another, and transported from one country to another, where they are not in the leaf! degree applicable. Blinded by habit and prejudice, we travel along the accuftomcd path, often at the expence of juffice and propriety. " The confhtution, or at least the go vernment of Great-Britain, requires a dif tinflion in the different orders of the peo ple. There arc titles which are to be flip ported with dignity and therefore with the title descends a Efficient property. in all other governments of the fame ftairp we ft id the funic difti ;iftions guard ed b> lawi as a fundamental coiiftitutional principle, out hi /..-'erica, w here we profefs republi camfm, there ihould be no hereditary dif tiflftions, no advantages for priority of birth, J'or we fay we are all equal. Why then do we in the cafe of inteftacles, give a preference to the elder son, a preference which is not only repugnant to the lirlt principle of our constitution, but. to the principles of reason and justice, and which can be juftified in no other manner but or account of the unnatural inequality, t< support some governments. Nature woulc ;ell ur. that all the children of one fnthei are-equally entitled to the affection anc bouncy of their common parent. Justice would teach lis rather to prefer the young est born, who are destitute when coining into til? world of the immediate affi'.lanct and direction of their parents, and there fore fnoulcl be recompeifced for the disad vantages they neceftarily labour under, We are often told of the assistance which an elder son affords his parent, when the age of" younger children makes them bin burdens. But I believe this affirtance i: much cftrner expected than enjoyed, ant moreefpecially so with refpeft to the eldest brought up in the accustomed deference and refpeft which is paid to the heir at law " Let us then follow the example c. France, who although when fubjefted t; the dtfpotic sway of tyrannizing monarchy (lie railed the eldeit son a step above hi: brethren, yet as soon as she was enlight ened by the rays of true republicanism abolilhed the odious diftinftion, or to ad duce an example llill nearer, let lis imi tate many, molt of our filter states, wh< acting jiiftly and confidently, have in thi respect put all things upon a level. '-I will address myfelfto the republi canifm of our legislature, who I am sure wiil flcp forward arid blow up this rem nant of of aristocracy by an ast whicl would meet the general approbation o: their constituents." Extract of a letter from Tobago, Feb. 14 Last week about 3000 French regular: made adefcent upon this illand. One se venty four, two sixty fours, and two fri gates anchored in Cow's Bay, and deman ded a surrender of the island. The mili tia are continually under arms, and we have every reason to expect a war be tween England and France." Letters from Europe generally afTeri that war between Great-Britain anc France was considered as inevitable; am thnt.as many of the European powers wonl< probably lake the field this fnminer againf France, there would be an immense de naincf for American provilions from th< French, who were making every necellar; preparation to face their enemies. Late on Monday evening arrived lieri the ffcip Trial. Watts, from Lisbon, w hicl port (tie left the -th of February.—Englifl papers had then been received at Lifbo giving the particulars of the trial and exc cution of Louis the XVlth. By th; Trial. London papers are received to tht 22d of January. In the feflion of the Na tional Convention of Jan. 15. the firfl ques tion was put, " Is Louis guilty or not guil ty of high treason, and of attempts againfl the general fafety of the State ?"—Thv nominal call being begun and terminated, the President of the Convention thusfpoke —" Out of 735 votes, 26 have had leave oj absence ; fi\ e have been absent by illness ; one for cause unknown; twenty-fix have made divers declarations ; and fix hun dred and ninety-three have voted for the qucltion in the affirmative." The Presi dent then pronounced " Louis Capet guilt) of high treason and of attempts againfl the general fafety of the State.— The second question was then put—"fhali the appeal to the PEOPLE take place ? The sentiments of the members were di vided on this question, the saving of the king's life being thought a certain prelude of a civil war. M. L'F.galite (ci-devant Duke of Orleans) who had before voted the king guilty, now voted also against the appeal—a majority of 280 appeared again!" the appeal—The President then rose a se cond time and pronounced as follows : " The national convention doth decree thai the sentence which it (ball pionouiice upoi Leuis Capet, shall not be referred to tilt appeal of the people." ExtraCi of a letter from Paris, January 17, 1793- "The National Convention, after fit ting 34 hours, has just voted that the pu nishment of death shall be inftifted or Louis the 16th. This sentence was carri ed by a majority of more lhan one hun dred. Fifty of the members tho' they vo ted for death, differed in opinion from the rt'lt in refpeft to the time when it fnould be inflicted, some thinking, it fliould not be in tlifted till the end of the war, and others proposing that it should be postponed till the sense of the people should be taken — Amazement and terror appear universal ly to prevail ; ayd the confufion of those '. ho are known to have been attached to the Royal Prisoner, can more easily be imagined than described. So great was the general terror-dnring this long fitting of the convention, that the men; - bers, who went to the Hall on Tiiefdaj morning with a politive resolution of fsving the king, if poifible,found themselves com-*." pelled, by the molt urgent motives of per sonal fafety, to vote against Jiim. —There undoubtedly \yas great renfon for this ap preheniion ; for a moll formidable mob was collected, which openly threatened by name many of the members, to mur der them upon the foot, if they did r.ot vote for the death of the king." London, Jan. 15. The funds rose yes terday near one and a half per cent. This Teemed clearly to indicate the opinion of' the market to be favourable to peace : but why this opinion prevailed we are ignor ant. We believe it proceeded entirely from, the utter incapacity of the public to disco ver an adequate reason fer going to war.— Lord Grenville in his anfvver to M. Chau velin slates the conquers of the French in Savoy, in Rrabant, and in Germany not precisely as aggre'flions, but as proofs of a spirit of propagating their doctrines in manner highly offenlive to the peace of ail neighbouring nations ; and that, if they expett neutrality, they mtift forego tbofe cOnquests, and withdraw their troops with in their own territory. If it be true that such propositions have b»»n made by the British court, it is not likely that they will be cordially received, unless they have been accompanied with our offer to recog nize the republic, in cafe they are compli ed v. ith, and no offer, we understand, has been made. There is no doubt but the temperate and manly cotirfe, becoming the dignity of the. British people, would have been to have treated with the French ministers frankly, instead of insidiously, and every object which we have a right to demand, would have been complied with, if allied for without insult; for through the whole re-, volution they have made it their (ludytft engage the friend/hip of England. [From a Correfpondtnt.~\ The general concern that seems to agi tate the citizensof theUmted States, at the. accounts (still somewhat doubtful) of the. traitrous and perjured Louis the XVlth, the inveterate enemy of his people, having loft his head, is a convincing proof of a strong remaining attachment to royalty in this country. Lut is it pofiible that preju dice can so far mifleadthe fympaihy of re publicans, who in the time of their own Hruggle for liberty were perhaps less in clined to pardon crimes .«f tr; afon than the French, especially in the infiances of' Major Andre, Carlisle, and Roberts. —Le any man only recollect the jonchtft of Louis Capet, his many heii\diu crimes, hi-, flight after having taken an catii to bo. faithful to the nation, the impediments he. constantly threw in the way of the revolu tion, the aid hp afforded to the enemies of France, and, laflly, his treason and reite rated inllances of hypocrisy —I fay. « her, a man conliders these things, let him 1 efleft it Louis merits our tears or copipu' on. On the other hand, let him revolve in his mind the fateofthofe victims, facrifned m the Champ de Mars, by royalty and La Fayette ;* as also the fate of those patriots who fell on the tenth of Augulf ; and the twelve hundred defenders of liberty maim ed and massacred at Frankfort—thefe. and not the momentary fate of a perjured king, Ihould be causes for exciting the sigh of sympathy from the brealls of real repub licans. * An immense number of peaceable ari unarmed citizens were aJJ'embls.d in the Champ de Mars, at the altar of their conn try, to ftgn a petition relative to the de throning of Louis the XV Ith, after his flight. La Fayette at the head of his mer cenary troops, after r crtiai lau- had been proclaimed, ordered them to fire t,pon theja citizens, and between tyuehe and fifteen hundred were killed. "Tgwri For the Rational Gazette. To Jonathan Justice. SIR, tN your acklrefs, in the National Gazette of March 9th, you seem to intimate that the Indian War is tinjuft,confequently un necessary, and with some person superior in point of ablilities, to f.iew thejufhee of it. Indeed, Sir, my mental powers are not fufficient to discover any injustice in the war, and I have aflerted the justice ard necelfity of it. Jf you will be so obliging as to produce your arguments to demon strate the injustice of the war, I will at tempt a reply. You have every encour agement (o engage in the bulinefs ; and a$ your a ntagonil s abilities are no ways equal to the talk, Your's in contrail, will (bine with the greater lustre. DAVID JONES. March 18. ■s PRICE OF STOCKS. Six Per Cent? jr/3 Three Per Cents J if Deferred n/S Bank of the United States i6|<r. c t B. N f America 12 d*.