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National gazette. [volume] (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1791-1793, March 20, 1793, Image 3

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cuiiiftanee mu.l have 11:n there from time
immemorial. Whenfirft di.covered, thej
were apparently dead, Imu upon being ex
posed to the air they soon b?taiKC.:;l:ve anc:
hopped about. Those of them uliichwen
cot conveyed tothe Water perished in a fev,
minutes, but those that were, became gooe :
frogs, and "found (fays the writer) 1 dart
f .y, a happy refurri-iiion.''
The old court-game of keeping up a fpi
lit of eliffention in Ireland, on the score oi
Catholic and Protestant, seems verging tc
nn end. A large new chapel, upon a libe
ral plan, is now erected at Lifburne, ir
that iflantl ; wherein, in November lad.
a congregation for the firfl time all'emblcd
of not less than one thonfand persons, ca
tholics and proteilants imlifcriminately.
for the purpose of public worship.
Lemuel" Benton, E<q. ischofen a mem
ber ol the Koufe of Representatives of th
United St.ites for Georgetown and Che
raws, in South Carolina ; and Alexander
Gillon, Esq. is chosen a member far Beau
fort and Orangeburgh.
A French v'pffcl, arrived at St. Mark:
in Hifpaniola, left Nantz the ijt \ of Ja
nuary, e'n;ht days previous to the tinu
mentioned in the Lisbon accounts of t':i
execution of Louis j6th. At the abo\ ■
xlate there was not the least suspicion o
fueli an even; taking place : on the con
trary, every thing wore an afpeft ofpeacc
and moderation, and the current news o
' the place was that Spain was disarming ir
consequence of an amicable negociatior
which was going forward between thai
kingdom and the republic of France.
The latefl intelligence from England
directly to this port.is to th" nth of Janua
ry. from which it appears' that preparati
ons for war, \\ ere going on, altho' nothing
decisive hid been determined upon.—
Neither w.i< there any well grounded ex
pectation of the death of Louis the 16th
so that if full an event really took place
only four days after the date jult menti
oned, it lr.ult have been the effe£t of some
violent and sudden commotion of the Pa
The Roman Catholics of Le'and have
sent a deputation to attend the Levee a!
St James's, and present a petition to tlu
king enumerating the multiplied grievan
ces they labour under, complaining of the
severities. disqualifications, and opprefli
onsunder which they groan, merely for
exerciling a freedom of opinion in religi
ons matters, and praying that they may bt
put upon a footing with other Britilh Cub
jefts in that respect.
The mob, (laid to be univ.erfilly the
tools and aelhgre-J of the administration
have burnt Thom is Paine in effigy, in sev
eral towns and vill u;es of F.tigland. It i
added, that these executioners of ministeri
al vengeance are univerfallv vagrants, ant
the lowett and tnofc infamous banditti c:
the if and : not an honest man, a man o:
fentiruent, or a man of the mult moderate
degree of i efpeftability to be leen amonj
It was determined, on the 4th inft- b;
the Hottfe of Representatives of the M il
fachufetts legislature. that it is not uncon
lVitutionjl for the members of Congref
elect, to hold feats in the llate legislature
The famous Daniel Shays, who made fc
much noise some years ago, as head of
party of insurgents in the Rate of Maifa
chufetts, matle his appearance in Boftor
the beginning of the present month, to sup
port his former application to the legifla
ture, to be restored to the rights of citi
It appears from a publication in Tht
General Advertijer of yesterday, that Mr.
Blanchard was a loser to the amount ol
fifteen hundred dollars, and upwards, by
his -aerial ascension on the 9th of January
la ft. Notwitiiftanding this difcou ragiuj
circnmftance, Mr. Blanchard hasconfentee
to open a feeond fubfcripcion,and ao soon a:
a fufficient number of names appear, wil
ascend in a larger balloon than before
(with a companion) from some place ir
this city, on a long voyage. Several curi
ous experiments are tu be tried in thi
flight ; and dogs, cats, and other animal:
are to be let fall from the height of the
clouds, to descend unhurt to the earth, b\
means of a parachute N J3. Ticket:
for admifSbn to the place of ascension to be
had at one dollar each.
Instead of reviling the French republi
cans as monsters, the friends of royalty ir
this country should rather admire at then
patience in so long deferring the fate o:
M their perjured monarch, v nose blood i:
probably confielered as an atonement foi
the fafety of many guilty thousands that are
fftdl fufiereel to remain ' in the bosom ol
France. Who but mufl execrate the vi
c:s inseparable from a throne, and the
murderous principles of the abettors of
monarchy, when herecoliec 5 \vh it was tc
have been the fate of the republicans of
Paris, had the Duke of KrunlVick reached
that capital with his army in i .ill force ? —
Let the following document ,declare it,
which the reader may elepend i.pon as de
duced from unquellionable authority.
"The plan of the emperor and the king
of Pruifia for the campaign of tjj; was,
if pofiiblc, to prnetrate as far as Paris.
W/ien the army had entered Paris, tlie in -
habitants were to have been alfembled on
the commons. A difcriinination was then
to be made : the revolutionists were to be
t 'put tix death. The particular fate of the
rcit \v:u not exprefsiy mentioned. Very
probably however, the fyfVem of the rmpe
ror was to be adhered to, who, in his uia
nifeitos, luid ordered all his governors ot
to tiis not to ipare any, on the least ap
pearance of revolt, except won:en and
children, and in cafe of illegal opposition,
to burn all the public stores, magazines of
powder, &c. awl set fire to the towns, as
it was thought proper to leave the country
desert rather than inhabited by revo/tcrs.
Such was the language of the combiner
kings. Jn all cases, the houses of the re
volutionists were to be delivered up tc
plunder, and such floods as should chanct
to be saved were to be confifcated to tin
use of the king. There was also an agree
ment between the combined courts not t<
receive into their dominions any republi
can revoli|tionitt; and the lilt of proscrip
tion was lb be extended to those who hat
a/ter a certain time removed into foreig'
countries ; and finally, that war was to bt
declared againlt all powers who should e
vade, or not agree to, the above league
a,id a manifelto to be publilhifd in confe
que.ice thereof."
A French paper [Patriate Francois
gives uc the following scale of Beings
beginning with the molt sublime of all aiu
descending to the lowest dregs of his vifi
ble and invilible creation j—viz.—God—
Angel—A tyrant killer—a philanthropic
An honest man—A labourer—A flothfu
cowardly citizen—A moil!-.—A faint —/
hero—A king—The devil—(credit is giv
en for the above scale to Au Knglijh Re
publican. ) f
A Portrait of the present King of P raffia
(From a French Paper.)
" One would be almost tempted to thinl.
him the king of Sim-calves. He has nei
ther wit, strength of expreflion, confiften
cy, or application. In point ot talfe he i:
an epicurean hog, and possesses not a sin
gle qualification of a hero, unless it he
pride ; an.! it may be fairly quef.ionet
whether even this is any thing more than s
narrow cockney species of vanity. It is tc
be feared too, that the general contempt
into which he will soon fall, will by irrita
tinghiin, take away even the little pood
that is in him. lc is certainly a great
weakness in a man who is devoted to the
mod licentious pleasures, without choici
or delicacy, to be anxious to throw the
veil of lecrefv over everv thing, in a poll,
where it is next to impofiible that any
thing can be a secret. —He is extremely
ignorant—and as to love, he can hardly b;
said to love any thing, fie has been given
to nnderlhind that to be a great character
he should be a German. He debases him
felf to the level of hi* national genius in
l'tead of exerting himfelf to raise the genius
of his nation, became his views never ye:
extended farther. Ifhe really hates any
tiling, it is a man of good sense, which is
unnatural to him. He hates the one be
cause hedefpair of attaining the other,and
seems not to have conlidered, that thofc
who really have good sense are generally
the lalt to know they have it."
\_From the General Advertiser.]
" Weareall crying out for equality, and
republicanism, and deviling modes for the
eftablHhment and preservation of princi
ples fojult and natural. Yetwhillt we are
aiming our blow s at what frequently are
but the shadows of aristocracy, we cnerill;
and protect the substance. A good physi
cian will search for the cause ot the disor
der, and w ill not content himfelf with pre
venting its immediate cffefls, but will
eradicate whatever may produce them,
and prevent even their possibility. We lop
off the leaves of the noxious weed of aris
tocracy. the root is Hill nourished in our
foil, and will sprout out with encreafed
vigour. Any infringement upon the forms
ot°equality and republicanism, seems at
once to (hock us, yet by <jur laws we make
ililtinaious, which are not inimical to the
equality wc so much admire, but upon ex
amination w ill be found the very support,
the very foundation of the ariltocratical
fabrick we have been demoliOiing, upon
which; if not removed, another, (till stron
ger, may be raised.
" It would be difficult to account for so
threat an inconsistency, did we not take into
v iew the implicit deference which is gene
rally paid to custom and habit. Forms and
laws, founded perhaps originally with the
llrifleft attention to the ends they were to
promote,, are handed down from one ge
neration to another, and transported from
one country to another, where they are
not in the leaf! degree applicable. Blinded
by habit and prejudice, we travel along the
accuftomcd path, often at the expence of
juffice and propriety.
" The confhtution, or at least the go
vernment of Great-Britain, requires a dif
tinflion in the different orders of the peo
ple. There arc titles which are to be flip
ported with dignity and therefore with the
title descends a Efficient property.
in all other governments of the fame ftairp
we ft id the funic difti ;iftions guard ed b> lawi
as a fundamental coiiftitutional principle,
out hi /..-'erica, w here we profefs republi
camfm, there ihould be no hereditary dif
tiflftions, no advantages for priority of
birth, J'or we fay we are all equal. Why
then do we in the cafe of inteftacles, give
a preference to the elder son, a preference
which is not only repugnant to the lirlt
principle of our constitution, but. to the
principles of reason and justice, and which
can be juftified in no other manner but or
account of the unnatural inequality, t<
support some governments. Nature woulc
;ell ur. that all the children of one fnthei
are-equally entitled to the affection anc
bouncy of their common parent. Justice
would teach lis rather to prefer the young
est born, who are destitute when coining
into til? world of the immediate affi'.lanct
and direction of their parents, and there
fore fnoulcl be recompeifced for the disad
vantages they neceftarily labour under,
We are often told of the assistance which
an elder son affords his parent, when the
age of" younger children makes them bin
burdens. But I believe this affirtance i:
much cftrner expected than enjoyed, ant
moreefpecially so with refpeft to the eldest
brought up in the accustomed deference
and refpeft which is paid to the heir at law
" Let us then follow the example c.
France, who although when fubjefted t;
the dtfpotic sway of tyrannizing monarchy
(lie railed the eldeit son a step above hi:
brethren, yet as soon as she was enlight
ened by the rays of true republicanism
abolilhed the odious diftinftion, or to ad
duce an example llill nearer, let lis imi
tate many, molt of our filter states, wh<
acting jiiftly and confidently, have in thi
respect put all things upon a level.
'-I will address myfelfto the republi
canifm of our legislature, who I am sure
wiil flcp forward arid blow up this rem
nant of of aristocracy by an ast whicl
would meet the general approbation o:
their constituents."
Extract of a letter from Tobago, Feb. 14
Last week about 3000 French regular:
made adefcent upon this illand. One se
venty four, two sixty fours, and two fri
gates anchored in Cow's Bay, and deman
ded a surrender of the island. The mili
tia are continually under arms, and we
have every reason to expect a war be
tween England and France."
Letters from Europe generally afTeri
that war between Great-Britain anc
France was considered as inevitable; am
thnt.as many of the European powers wonl<
probably lake the field this fnminer againf
France, there would be an immense de
naincf for American provilions from th<
French, who were making every necellar;
preparation to face their enemies.
Late on Monday evening arrived lieri
the ffcip Trial. Watts, from Lisbon, w hicl
port (tie left the -th of February.—Englifl
papers had then been received at Lifbo
giving the particulars of the trial and exc
cution of Louis the XVlth. By th;
Trial. London papers are received to tht
22d of January. In the feflion of the Na
tional Convention of Jan. 15. the firfl ques
tion was put, " Is Louis guilty or not guil
ty of high treason, and of attempts againfl
the general fafety of the State ?"—Thv
nominal call being begun and terminated,
the President of the Convention thusfpoke
—" Out of 735 votes, 26 have had leave oj
absence ; fi\ e have been absent by illness ;
one for cause unknown; twenty-fix have
made divers declarations ; and fix hun
dred and ninety-three have voted for the
qucltion in the affirmative." The Presi
dent then pronounced " Louis Capet guilt)
of high treason and of attempts againfl
the general fafety of the State.—
The second question was then put—"fhali
the appeal to the PEOPLE take place ?
The sentiments of the members were di
vided on this question, the saving of the
king's life being thought a certain prelude
of a civil war. M. L'F.galite (ci-devant
Duke of Orleans) who had before voted
the king guilty, now voted also against the
appeal—a majority of 280 appeared again!"
the appeal—The President then rose a se
cond time and pronounced as follows :
" The national convention doth decree thai
the sentence which it (ball pionouiice upoi
Leuis Capet, shall not be referred to tilt
appeal of the people."
ExtraCi of a letter from Paris, January
17, 1793-
"The National Convention, after fit
ting 34 hours, has just voted that the pu
nishment of death shall be inftifted or
Louis the 16th. This sentence was carri
ed by a majority of more lhan one hun
dred. Fifty of the members tho' they vo
ted for death, differed in opinion from the
rt'lt in refpeft to the time when it fnould be
inflicted, some thinking, it fliould not be in
tlifted till the end of the war, and others
proposing that it should be postponed till
the sense of the people should be taken —
Amazement and terror appear universal
ly to prevail ; ayd the confufion of those
'. ho are known to have been attached to
the Royal Prisoner, can more easily be
imagined than described. So great was
the general terror-dnring this long fitting
of the convention, that the men; -
bers, who went to the Hall on Tiiefdaj
morning with a politive resolution of fsving
the king, if poifible,found themselves com-*."
pelled, by the molt urgent motives of per
sonal fafety, to vote against Jiim. —There
undoubtedly \yas great renfon for this ap
preheniion ; for a moll formidable mob
was collected, which openly threatened
by name many of the members, to mur
der them upon the foot, if they did r.ot
vote for the death of the king."
London, Jan. 15. The funds rose yes
terday near one and a half per cent. This
Teemed clearly to indicate the opinion of'
the market to be favourable to peace : but
why this opinion prevailed we are ignor
ant. We believe it proceeded entirely from,
the utter incapacity of the public to disco
ver an adequate reason fer going to war.—
Lord Grenville in his anfvver to M. Chau
velin slates the conquers of the French in
Savoy, in Rrabant, and in Germany not
precisely as aggre'flions, but as proofs of a
spirit of propagating their doctrines in
manner highly offenlive to the peace of ail
neighbouring nations ; and that, if they
expett neutrality, they mtift forego tbofe
cOnquests, and withdraw their troops with
in their own territory. If it be true that
such propositions have b»»n made by the
British court, it is not likely that they will
be cordially received, unless they have been
accompanied with our offer to recog
nize the republic, in cafe they are compli
ed v. ith, and no offer, we understand, has
been made.
There is no doubt but the temperate and
manly cotirfe, becoming the dignity of the.
British people, would have been to have
treated with the French ministers frankly,
instead of insidiously, and every object
which we have a right to demand, would
have been complied with, if allied for
without insult; for through the whole re-,
volution they have made it their (ludytft
engage the friend/hip of England.
[From a Correfpondtnt.~\
The general concern that seems to agi
tate the citizensof theUmted States, at the.
accounts (still somewhat doubtful) of the.
traitrous and perjured Louis the XVlth,
the inveterate enemy of his people, having
loft his head, is a convincing proof of a
strong remaining attachment to royalty in
this country. Lut is it pofiible that preju
dice can so far mifleadthe fympaihy of re
publicans, who in the time of their own
Hruggle for liberty were perhaps less in
clined to pardon crimes .«f tr; afon than
the French, especially in the infiances of'
Major Andre, Carlisle, and Roberts. —Le
any man only recollect the jonchtft of
Louis Capet, his many heii\diu crimes, hi-,
flight after having taken an catii to bo.
faithful to the nation, the impediments he.
constantly threw in the way of the revolu
tion, the aid hp afforded to the enemies of
France, and, laflly, his treason and reite
rated inllances of hypocrisy —I fay. « her,
a man conliders these things, let him 1 efleft
it Louis merits our tears or copipu' on.
On the other hand, let him revolve in his
mind the fateofthofe victims, facrifned
m the Champ de Mars, by royalty and La
Fayette ;* as also the fate of those patriots
who fell on the tenth of Augulf ; and the
twelve hundred defenders of liberty maim
ed and massacred at Frankfort—thefe. and
not the momentary fate of a perjured king,
Ihould be causes for exciting the sigh of
sympathy from the brealls of real repub
* An immense number of peaceable ari
unarmed citizens were aJJ'embls.d in the
Champ de Mars, at the altar of their conn
try, to ftgn a petition relative to the de
throning of Louis the XV Ith, after his
flight. La Fayette at the head of his mer
cenary troops, after r crtiai lau- had been
proclaimed, ordered them to fire t,pon theja
citizens, and between tyuehe and fifteen
hundred were killed.
For the Rational Gazette.
To Jonathan Justice.
tN your acklrefs, in the National Gazette
of March 9th, you seem to intimate that
the Indian War is tinjuft,confequently un
necessary, and with some person superior in
point of ablilities, to f.iew thejufhee of it.
Indeed, Sir, my mental powers are not
fufficient to discover any injustice in the
war, and I have aflerted the justice ard
necelfity of it. Jf you will be so obliging
as to produce your arguments to demon
strate the injustice of the war, I will at
tempt a reply. You have every encour
agement (o engage in the bulinefs ; and a$
your a ntagonil s abilities are no ways
equal to the talk, Your's in contrail, will
(bine with the greater lustre.
March 18.
Six Per Cent? jr/3
Three Per Cents J if
Deferred n/S
Bank of the United States i6|<r. c t
B. N f America 12 d*.

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