Newspaper Page Text
r O KF.IG N INTELLIGENCE.
LONDON, January 14. — 611 the 27th of December, Lord Gren viiie, h'u majefty'i principal Secretary of State, received a n 'Ee from v l. Ch.'.uvelin, Hating his appowitnicJK, a; miniiier pleni potentiary to the cour; of Great Britain from the French Republic. M. Chauve lin was in ormed by the Secretary ofState, that as,!i:ice the iot!i of Augufi, the king hail suspended all official communication with France, his appointment could not be acknowledged—To this answer the ex ecutive power of France replied on the 7th, making fnndry explanations relative to the conduct of the nati.wn in several particulars, especially the opening of the Scheldt, giving the ftrongefl a!fnranee of a desire for peace and good underitanding with Great flritain, and concluding in the following emphatical words : '• After so frank 3 declaration which imnifelts fucli a lincere desire of peace, his Britannic majesty's miniflers o'-:ght not to have any doubts with regard to the in tentions cf France. If her explanations are yet infufficient, and if we are yet obli ged to hear a haughty language ; ifhoftile preparations are yet continued in the Ell - ports, after having exhaulied every means to preserve peace, we will prepare for war with a sense of the justice of our cause and of oir efforts to avoid this extre mity. We will fight the English whom we esteem,'- v.'itji regret tut without i r ■" On thefime clay (January 7) M. Chau velin transmitted another letter to Mr. Grenville, complaining that the king of England had 011 the 15th of November, by proclamation, prohibited the exportation of grain and meal from the several British ports, and that in consequence thereof many veflels leg:;lly freighted and ready to fiil for France had been detained not withstanding the law which expresses that the ports fnould not be shut till 15 days after the date of the proclamation ; that another proclamation soon suc ceeded, which excepted the grain of fo reign growth from the liberty of exporta tion, in consequence of which all the ves sels loaded with foreign grain upon ac count nf France were arretted in the Eng lish ports, by order of the government — The letter concludes thus : " Think, my lord, that in the bofont of peace, and far from any appearance of war. that the English government have profited upon the good faith of the affairs ofEurope, and the security of a friendly and neighbouring country, in order to draw to its ports flich commodities as it lias flood in need of. Br.t if, at prefeut, the fame minifler should profit upon the fii'ft ho'tile measures, which he alone is the author of or fiialj have provoked, to with hold these commodities, in hopes, it may be, that a famine might be added to the internal agitations of France, what punilh ment would he not deserve for such an act of perfidy? or, what would he obtain by the success of such an e.lterprife, but the fhnme of having employed means, that even in the midll of a terrible war, an enlightened and generous nation ought to loo'; upon with horror; an action which had disgraced the commerce of England, in violating the sacred asylum of its mar kets." An account of an ambassador from the Pope having appeared, the following state ment is said to be the fa£t: A person arri ved lately in town, directed to Dr. Doug las, the Catholic Bishop of London, en trusted with letters from the Pope, which Dr. Douglas was desired to present to his Majefly's Minifler!, reqnefting the affifl anceof this country in repelling the inten ded invasion of Italy by tiie French. Dr. Douglas immediately acquainted Lord Grenville with the* circumltance ; his Lordlliip doubting whether he was juftifi ed in receiving an emissary or papers from Rome, advised with Mr. Burke upon the fubjeft, who the next day took the opinion of an eminent counsellor of Lincoln's inn, who informed him, " That although it was contrary to act of Parliament to re ceiv? any bulls or inflrumentsfrom Rome, yet he thought that his L .rdfiiip wouldin cur 110 danger by receiving the papers in queflion " I 1 consequence of the opinion, Lord Grenville informed Dr. Douglas thai he could not fee rhe embaffador but would receive his papers, which were according ly lent. It is not known what, his majes ty's mmiflers have determined 011 theiub j?a. The executive government of France displays its usual coufiftency in calling 011 the United States of America to fulfil the treaty defenfive or offenfive, entered into by them witli Louis XVI. while his de polition from the throne is confidcred by that very government as a ground for violating every treaty they had unfortu nately ratified with the powers of Europe. Avery little attention, however, to the af fairs of the American states, since the last peace, will diiiipate every idea, that they can so far forget their bell: intereils, as to take a part in the difientions of Europe. Al! the advantages which could be derived to their, from becoming parties in a war, wo.Ud be the casual, partial and difhqnor ablcgfin, which might result to individu als from privateering expeditions ; and the loss, i:i fucli a cafe, would be, the infi nite benefits, both civil and political, which an infant Itate must derive, in a very pre eminent degree, from the blefiing of peace. I iie never tailing care and comm^ndim l influence of Mr. Washington, which have hitherto preserved kis country from the mi sery of tends among its people, will, w< doubt not, be efi'eihtally exerted to favt it alfd from the calamities of war wit! other nations. On Monday January 7th, Meflrs. Byrn Keagh, and the other Roman Catholii Deputies, had their I ait conference witl Secretary Dundas—To every liberal mini in England, we may be permitted to giv< the cliearful conf>ilation,that the claims o this great body of peoplaareto be conipli ed with, and thus the harmony and ptac< of Ireland is preserved. The firft orders, sent by the adniiralt; to the Navy Board, were for the equip ment of thirty eight line of battle ship and forty frigates, which added to th: twelve fail then in commiilion, makes thi number of fifty fail of the line : the bef conditioned of which and the flouteft sri gates, were ordered to be the firft got rea dy. The French naval force in the Medi terranean, amounts to twenty fail of tin line and many large frigates. The repub lican, a firlt rate, is at Toulon. The promotion of British Admirals nov daily expetted, is to be immediately sol lowed by the appointment of flag officer to three fleets, equiping for sea. Three English frigates have failed tij the river Scheldt aftej; the French frigates Commodore to Flushing with four others has notified hi arrival to the States General and th< Prince of Orange. If the rulers of France imagine, tha any appeal to the paflions of the people o England, will have the efreft they ma; with on British seamen, they will be otitii their reckoning ; those brave fellows wil fliil fight with as much courage and zea againtt <the enemies of their country a; ever : a despotic monarch, or a fnrioti tyrannicjconvention who know no bound to their ambition, and who disturb Olt England's tranquility, are equally its ene mies, andjuft objects of national venge ance. Orders are gone from the war-office foi two regiments of foot to be immediate!; embarked from Gibraltar, to reinforce tin i (lands of Dominica and Barbadoes, in the Weft-Indies. Everyday, and every new event, con firms the opinion, that a war with Franc< is an event at no great distance. We are given to understand, that ; manifefto on the part of our court isalrea dy in preparation. The publication of i Iboner or later, of course, will depend ci future events ; but the conduct of tin French and the late audacious address o the minister Le Brnn, 011 his majefty'i speech to parliament, will probably acce lerate it. The refufal of lord Grenvilh to confer with Chauvelin, the agent of tin French in London, is said to have been im mediately succeeded by Lc Brim's threat ened solemn appeal to the English nation which came over ready prepared, in tin fame dispatches with the order for a con ference with lord Grenville. The preparations for war making bj 3Ur government are principally direcfet To the protection of our trade. On thi; account it is, that such an nnufual num ber of frigates had been put in commiffinn Pome of which are to be commanded bj Admirals. The duke of Clarence we un derstand, is to have a new ship of 98 gun: now nearly ready for sea at Portfmcuth The Dutch arc extremely busy in pla :ing their marine on the most respectable footing. Several line of battle snips were jut in commiilion in tiie course of the lafi fortnight. War being now considered by many is certain, and not, on any terms short oi ibject fubmiflion, to be avoided ; all de scriptions ofperfons under government ire tiling exertions, to meet that event, iltogether unexampled in any country. Neverthelcfs, so much at variance fernr the public opinion, (and the perpetual anc :onfiderableflu£hiation funds, istht fulleft proof of the last) that whiift the immediate dependants on government an<: those whose trade is war, call most vehe mently for it, the bulk of the nation, thai wiihes well to the civil and religious li berties of the French, hope and believe that so deflructive a calamity will be averted. Jan. 21. —Our learned and eloquem Secretary of State sets out, in his elaborate r£tVpipt with faying that he fliall give M. Chauvelin no credit, but as he is accredit ed by the king of France. No fuel', per sonage being now in exiflence, w hat de gree of credit can be given him r He would then, it Teems, in 110 Tort whatevei treat with a minister from the republic 01 France? in his own highmindednefs,&high mightinefsfiiip, not allowing that country to alter itsgovernment. when the majori ty of it think it fit. What would Olivet Cromwell not only have said, but have done, had Mazarine refufed to acknow ledge the fovereighty of the republic of England.' He would have dellroyed with iiis rieet all tlie sea-ports ofFrance towards ike Mediterranean. It is known th.it government, upon the present occasion, are providing lor the de fence of the kingdorr, by ail encreafe of the ariny—the readied: and lea'S expenfiye mode of doing which is, by railing inde pendent companies. PARIS, Jan. 7. Extracts of a Liter from General Tiumou risr, tit the President of the National Convention, dated Dec. 31. " Tiie whole German empire is armir." against us. We have cut off some of the heads of that hydra, Despotism ; other: spring up; but we shall still humble them, or die in a manner becoming the ferns of freedom. Such are thefentiments of your fellow-citizens in arms. lam a surety for them, for I have had a share in their la bours. their dangers, and their vi&ories " They are far from being intimidated by new dangers; but they have need oi clothes, arms, horses, and a certain fnpplj of provision. They have no occasion for encouragement, but they ought to be re warded.—Your Generals have need ol your confidence. You are the Reprefent tatives ofthenation in theAffembly; your Generals are its representatives at the he 3( of the armies. Their functions are more laborious than your's, and they are befidei under the mod terrible refponlibility— death and the inflexible judgment oi pos terity." " I am better acquainted than any ont with the courage of the French, and th( resources of my country. If its forces art weff diftritfutedj if -can refi)\ all-Europe The experience acquired in different office which 1 have held during the space of thir ty-fix years of a very laborious and bus] life, lias given me the knowledge of all th< means of this beautiful republic. I oifei to it my vigilance, my experience, and mj life : lam not afraid that I shall be sus pected of aspiring at the dictatorfliip o: lladtholderlhip of the Belgic Netherlands, though such absurdities have beenpublifh ed by malevolent persons, whom I coufider as greater enemies to the republic than tc myfelf. " I have taken an oath,and I here repeal it, that I will retire from all public em ployment on the conclusion of a peace. J lhail then have done enough for my coun try, and for history. Should this precau tion be not fufficient, when the republic i delivered from the scourge of war, to re move all suspicions, I prcmife to impose upon myfelf the moll rigorous oftracifin.' Extra/t of a letter from Gen. Valence (da ted Liege, January 2.) to the Mini net of War. " I have the honor of informing vcu. that a detachment of the van-guard, com manded by General Neuilly, li.is been feni into the country of Luxembourg, undei the command of Colonel Colomb, wilt announces to me, that he has seized in the Emperor's treasuries, cafli to the amount of 200 000 livres. When I receive thai sum, I shall transmit it to the pay-maftei of the army." 0/lend, Jan. 16. A recommendation ha; come to the merchants of Dunkirk from the executive Council of France, to, fit out all the privateers they poflibly can, againfl Eugland. In consequence of this, all the vefiels at this port, that are fit for the ptirpofe. are buying up ; but no merchant of this cit> will be engaged in fitting out any vefi'el against Great-Britain. The following are the particulars (by letter) of a recent a£tion (Jan. 6,) at Hockheim between a body of French and Prufiian troops. —" This action was very finart 011 both fides—The French troops stationed at CafTel, under the command of General Newinger, wanted to force their way to Hockheim, but the Hefllan and Prussian rroops contested the palT.ige.— Prince Hohenloe attacked the French in flank, which forccd them to make a hafly retreat to their entrenchments at Cafiel. When the king of Prulfia entered Hock heim, twelve Frenchmen, who were con cealed in the tower above the town gate, fired down with muskets and carbines upon his majeftv. who was then very close, hut escaped without injury. A Heflian detach ment immediately rulhed into the tower, and cut the 12 Frenchmen to pieces. The French left 300 men dead and woun ded on the field. The Heifian Chafieurs have flittered considerably. This after noon (fays the letter) r6o Frenchmen and 12 pieces of cannon were brought into Hockheim, preceded by 12 trumpeters, as trophies of the engagement. Morepri foners are expected to-morrow." NATIONAL CONVENTION, January 1, 1793. Speech of M. KersAint, 011 the Bri tiih War. [Tranflatedfrom a French paper. ] The National Convention has referred to you the memorial of the miniiier of so re , 2ibirj oa t.ie p.-efent condua of the brni: ? government, and the- proportion tm.t I Have made to prepare for a time war if the fafety and r 1 -h» republic fhuuld require it. ' " I (hall divide the result of my reflections dh tiiis impoi tanc matter into two parts ; in the fir it I (hail endeavour to penetrate into and cring to light the intentions of the Bntifr ministry ; in the second, I (hall boldly anticipate the confluences of the war With which we are threatened. If the cabinet of St. James fhonid declare Ns tir again!!: you, you will discover the combination of the maritime powers, and you may be sure before hand, that you will have to fight them all at once : but it is not of their number, or of their willi to hurt us,that I have any doubt, but of their power. Thegovernments of Britain, Spain, Holland, Ruiiia, and Portugal are our ene mies, for they are all de'fpotic. Let us confine ourselves at present to the molt powerful of them, becanfe it governs a people who formerly enjoyed Come decree of liberty; and that (ingle advantage "had rendered it formidable while ourselves were fiaves. Let us consider what th- Bntifli government can do ; let us unravel its designs and discover the end that r withes to obtain. I perceive three dif t.n_a: mterefts, all equally foreien to the Bntifii people. The hatred which the king bears to Jie French, and his fears for the ...fetv of his crown, is the only motive of the altered that he has manifelled for I.ouis aYI ; this intere!t is ilrengthened by that 01 the nobles, and of the episcopalians our natural enemies. The anxiety et the prime rounder, Pitr, the matter ofErg land for eight years pall, and whom the norm oi a revolution or of a war equally threatens to hurl from his feat of rev. er '; this party is coune&ed with the other by the ariflocracy of ttiotjied men and the nu merous agents ot government : the war will bring about a coalition of tiiefe two interells, and such is their force, that they will carry England along with them. The ambition and genius of Fox, and the in trigues of hisi party, endeavouring to avail themselves of every circumrtance in order to lay hold of the reins of government ; Battering with great nddrefs the various hopes or reformation which he thought the mon proper to keep the nation in a fer ment, v. h.'ch hopes the idea alone of a revo lution has converted into fears; so that the leaders of the oppohtion, deprived of their iormer weapons, have been left 'at the mercy of the government : a jnlt punifli ment and a memorable example, which ought to forwarn free men of the darrer of intrigues. The cause of this event which perhaps will be fatal to the world, is tnai a&eriilic of that celebrated ora tor, who by his genius maintains the repu tation of a party, the la(l frail fnpport of the defenders of liberty in En"lard ; n friend to the rights of man, and a flatterer ° tl,e an oppofcr of the measures cf Government, and yet a fuperflitious admi rer of the Bririfli conflitution : a popular irifiocrat, a democratical royalitt ; l'o:c ias but one view, that of raising himftif on he ruins of his rival, and avenging for 'lice, so many parliamentary defeat" nor. icfs fatal to his interest than to his glory. His prudent adversary has need at this moment c£ all his flrength, for lie mult at oncc defend his popularity and lis party, evidently arifloc'rarical', ic\- alty and its power evidently alifolrte ; and it war (hould break out, can he Le sure of preserving anichf the events that will b~ its consequence, that preponderance whk'j is disputed with him in time of profound Iris a fact well known in Lmdand and which a croud of examples has'mtde a political axiom, that the n inifler w\ o begins a war never fees the end of it. Pitt cpnlidera war a the termination of" his authority, therefore Pitt does not uifh for wai ; but what arc his views ? What ar * the views of the various parties concerned in this grand conflict ? Ccorge tie thirl would have war from the impulse of his Fox would fain lead the iriuiftrr into falie measures and coi ipel them to de lend the abuses of government. Ti thopes to extricate himfelf frc.m this dilemma, I,y offering his mediation to the belfigcr'ei t powers,he has the weight of government with him, al! the branches of which are in the hands of his creatures ; he has for him the theory of corruption, his eloquence ar.d tile key of the treasury. Our emi grants and the arifiocrr.tes who fnrrcnrcl him, urge him on to the two determina tions which he seems to have taken : viz. to check the rapid course of cur \i&ories by land, by the (ear of a maritin e war, and to bring us to an accommodation witli our enemies by means of ins mediation. » It is natural that Pitt fin • id be fetiucrd by these ideas ; and the partial knowledge that he has of our foliation makes h'uri look on his as certain ; for our in renal notations, the apparent disorder of our legislative delibei ation-, the mass < f our expenses, the violence of our rvtrt'e all thofeexternal characterises eft he moll violent crms which a nation ever experi enced, arc. we ran ft own, well calculated to ground tie hopes on which that mir.ittcr relts —He does not that the immi neiicy of" public :- £ e r will re-unite us •