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Numb. 44 of Vol. ll.] SATURDAY, March 30, 1793. For the National Gazette. THROUGH the channel of jour ufeful paper, Mr. Frencau, I beg leave to fuggelt a few hints to, the soon to be, legi timate children of Madam Median a. This old lady, 'tis said, is now big with youngs and will, in all probability, be short ly delivered of a numerous brcrod. How well soever informed in inecfical, metaphysical, philosophical, and other mat ters, the young onesmay be, feme sugges tions, the refulc of observation, refpedting the manner of obtaining institutional evj dence of p-ofefiional abilities, may not be unfeafotiable. Know then, dearly beloved doctors in embryo, that the birch, *- some time age used, with the molt salutary effeits, in tilt family of the aforefaid good old lady, ha; been miflaitl. I cannot inlift that this in formation iso. i.uich importance to von. particularly when it is recollected, thai clullneft, ignorance, and vanity, alone were objeitsof correction. It would be pre judging to iiilinuatc that any of you could be clafled under either of the above heads. At any rate this keep in mind, ' out ofyour own mouths will I, " at some future day, " judge you." Should gangrene orproua flejh appear, (kill, urged by humanity, will prescribe the knife or cauflic- As you well know, the regulations o) Alma Mater require, that each candidate shall produce and publish a thelis on some medical fubjedt; which is to be conlidered the test of his capacity for dispensing health to the nations. When we come to exa mine this requisition, it really is not so ty rannical as it, at sirs.' fight, appears ; for remark, it docs not fay that the candidate mult write. No, no. This would be both arbitrary and unjust, nay it would be anti federal. A young man, for instance, troubled .with excessive weight of brains, and niiid dinefs of intellect, cannot perhaps conve niently write, and yet he may be of good ly appearance, flow spoken, and of fulemn and cautious dememour. But what mult he do? Let him get a friend to vamp up something for liirn, out of the mass of mat ter, already cut and dry to his hand, giving the cheat as much as polfible th* complec tion of originality. This done, he fathers the bantling, makes 3 malk of his face, mimicks the owl, and under the stile and title of Do(lor proceeds, without either fear or dread, to the business of death 1 It is, I am informed, optional with the candidate in what language to write, on this occasion. This undoubtedly is an agreeable latitude of indulgence', andfuch as may be beneficial under certain circum stances. Subjetts, for inltance may be so trite, that prudence would suggest the propriety of difguifmg the borrowed ideas in Come foreign tongue, latin for inft nee But Should the candidate be ignorant of this language, what a dreadful dilemma ! Here also recurrence mult be had to foreign aid. A journeyman can be em ployed, (consoling idea 1) who, magician like, will, perhaps so effectually me t amor phofe the fu'ojett. that even the original author would not be able to know his own ideas in their new dress. So much the better. Should inaccuracies, 01- misappli cation of terms be discovered by the hawk eyed critic, it is a matter of very little im portance, as this language, with some others of equal infignificance, is proscribed, and very jiillly, for they were dangerous to liberty. Finally, gentlemen, I beg leave to re mind you, and urge with the mod pointed persuasion, that yon would pay eCpecial at tention to the bulinefsof dedication. This particular will be of more real advantage to you ill your future eftablifliinents, than the fubjeft matter of your refpe<stive dis sertations. Your situation is perfectly similar in this to a man's, who goes to con siderable expence and trouble in prepar ing an entertainment. Now, if this man be a clever fellow, in the liberality of his heart, he will invite a numerous compa ny ; and as men are, not unfrequently, governed by interclted motives, he will be particular in the choice of fucli as may Ji3ve it in their power to befriend liiin 1110 ft. Aghin. Would you not consider that mill a fool, who alter he had prepared a funiptuous banquet, invited but one ioli tary individual r the hint I doubt not will be ftifficient. Therefore, I entreat von. to confnl: your own interest, and invite every mo thers foil of the profeflors, to your tiafti. Impartial Review. By P. FRENE AU: Publijhed Wednesdays and Saturdays, at Three Dollars per annum. A!fo, the members of Congress of your native slate ; your old school matters ; all your country cousins, and maiden aunts by your mother's fide. You may. poflibly, be unacquainted with the modes of invitation curtomary on oc casions of this nature. I will therefore suggest fume ideas relative thereto, but not before I heartily curse the rascally gram marians, who have limited you to three degrees of coniparifon, whereas you have now need of three dozen. In addrelfing the profeffors, tell them by all means that they are " friends of the science of medicine." Talk of the "le gitimate principles of their respective branches" their " humanity, liberality and great ability, to relieve the dittrefTed. and to smooth the avenues to death." Lei them know you think them " equally ref pefted in Europe and America for uriiver faj information as inen.of science, superi or abilities, politeness of manners, une qualled eloquence, perspicuity, and hap py talent of communicating ideas on tilt most abstruse fubjefts, as lecturers." Members of Congress mutt be " dittin juilhed patriots, conspicuous in difTeminat ng knowledge in the iegai department minently refpefted for political abilities ilifinteretted fentinients and canoid decifi sns, publicly exhibited on the political the itre."' As to school matters, the very found i :o me the fame as the " recollection of a: ;fcape from a lion or abe;ir."' Those re ■Trend fathers, the -country coulins, anc :he maiden ladies, I reiign, gentlemen, ti t'our own discretion. Manage them a eon, in your wisdom, fnall think proper. March 26, 1793. GALEN. JAMAICA, January 31 —to February 16. We learn from the windward islands, hat the republican party at Martinique, Jaudaloupe, &c. have so completely tri jmphed over the advocates tor ariltocra :y, as to banilh every one ol them from he islands. Upwards of five hundred of tliefe ex jorted unfortunates have implored Iheiter it St. Kitts, the governor ot" which is ibout to charter a large veli'el to carry hem to England. In the latl and decisive engagement be ween the two parties, each allilted by their -efpective dependants, it is said, that more :han three thousand of the latter were billed on the spot. There is not remembered a period dur ng peace, when so many ships y.ere in Kmgttonharbour as at present. Liguanee, unfortunately for the planter and Ihip hol- Jer, will this year contribute but afcan ty portion of sugar for their freight home. Some Englifn botanifls are now said to be exploring the continent of South-Ame rica, and to meet with every encourage ment. Save emancipating their depen dencies from that abominable rigid yoke under which they are bound, the Spani ards can fcarcety perform a more accepta ble service to mankind, than by aiding men of science in the discovery of the many valuable plants with which the continent abounds, and in the bringing their produa and virtues into general use. Extract of a letter from Bridgetown, Bar bados, dated the 29th iujl. " Many inhabitants of this town alTem bled, and had the effigy of Thomas Paine, with his " Rights of man," carried about the town ; and afterwards burnt him on the parade, in the green, jlift above the Cage, while the band played God save the king." [In the true spirit of fw-ine, who are known to be so enamoured of the mire* & filth of their enclosure, as frequently to lacerate the hand that lets down the fence for their deliverance.] We underftaud, that an Irish paper (which we h«ve not yet seen) mentions Col. Tarletou's difinilfion frim his Majes ty's service, for having displayed too ninth civisM a la mode a republique. The Providence (Capt. Bligh) will not fail for Great Britain before the latter end of March. An earlier arrival in a north ern latitude than the lhip will have, in con fequencc of this delay, might prove ex tremely prejudicial to many ot the plants intended for his Majefty'sgarden. In addition to the bread-fruit and the many other valuable plants sent to the. bo tanical garden, Dr. Dancer has lately re ceived from the society ot Arts some feeds of the New Guinea nutmeg, a spice little inferior to the nutmeg ot the Moluccas— Should they succeed, they will prove a va luable article for cultivation in this island, account of the high prices of the common nutmegs in great demand. The breadfruit plants are divided as fol low.; : To the county of Surry 83 ; to the county of Middlesex 83 ; to the county ol Cornwall 83. On board the Providence are one or two large boxes, and I'ome other ufeful arti cles, made from the wood of the tree. It is of a close hard grain much resembling mahogany. 'The south sea plants, intended for the leeward part of the island, are to be con veyed there by his majeity'* brig Afliftanpe, commanded by Lieut. Portlocke. Sl.e is appointed to fail in a day or two. Such of the plants as are to be deposited at the garden, late Mr. Ealt's, were land ed from the Providence yefleiday at i'ort Augusta and Greenwich Feb. 15. His majesty's Ihip Providence, Capt.* Bligh, and brig Alliitance, Lieut. Portlocke, failed Jefterday morning : the ■ormer for Mo: ant Bay, a.id the latter for Savanna la Mar. We are.afl'ured as a fact that, for the fix large breadfruit plants, the property oi Capt. Bligh, and now on board the Provi dence, an opulent gentlemen offered the sum of fix hundred guineas, which tin Captain politely refufed,«declaring it to be his intention to place them in the Botanii garden, as a present to the country. A noble intlance of felf denial that tc our adinirationoi his character, and .vhich. we triift, will not, for the honor of the country, be forgotten. The Otaheitan apple tree, the fruit oi which is said to be of filth exquilite flavour, grows in its native foil in fucii great quan tities that Captain Bligh entirely wooded the Ihip with its timber. The wood is light, of srgreyifli hue, and, in filbltance. fomewh.lt resembling common pitchpine. The St. Vincent's collection of plants, whkh are to be taken home by Captain Bligh, has been landed and placed under the ftiperintendence of a gentleman emi nently qualified td fee that juftic? is done them while they remain here. Dr. An derfon, who has the ftiperintendence of his majelty's gardens at that island, ha; been collecting ever lince the Bounty firO commenced her voyage, three years ago, and made several voyages to Guiana and other islands for the sole purpose of col lecting native plants to enrich the collec tion. Those who are pofTefTed of the bread fruit plant, fliould consider them as a sa cred triift deposited for public benefit. Independently of the immense distance of the island whence they were brought, there was not a plant onboard the Providence that does not, on a fair computation, including the prcfents made to the natives, colt government five pounds sterling. Taking in the efiiinates the expence ol the outfit of the Bounty, her fubfeqtien! loss, and that of the Pandora, togethei with the cost of Capt. Bligh's last expedi tion, the procifring the breadfruit trees. &c. will not have cost government lefsthan one hundred thousand pounds flcrling. The whole lift of the plants., brought from Otaheite by the PfoVidence, amount to 595 in number. The Providence touched at Timor for the express purpose of making an attempt to obtain the nutmeg plant, but notwitii ftanding all Capiain Bligh's vigilance and enterprise, not one could be procured.— In exploring part of the country, one of the fruit was found, which \> as planted, and there is some hope that h will grow. There are two male natives of Otaheite on board ; one of them, we understand, is going to England, at thedelire of hiscoun tryinen, to learn the bufmefs of a ftiip wright; the other came away without the knowledge of Capt. Bligh—he secreted himfelf in the (hip and was not discovered till (he had been four days at sea. The small pox being very general at St. Vin cents, Capt. Bligh had them inoculated, and they are doing well. The deport ment of both is extremely gentle and tin embarrafled, and they arc matters of a few ps the molt familiar phrases in our lan guage. Capt. Bligh could gain no intelligence of the mutineer Chriltian, and his accompli ces, who were on board the Bounty. V hen they returned to Otaheite, alter executing their infernal project, the natives, fufpeft ing some mifihief from the nou-appear ance of the commander and the gentle men with fiim, laid a plan to seize the yet - [Total No. 14.8.] fcl and crew, but a favorite female of Chriitian's betrayed the cle/i|;u of her coun trymen ; he put to sea in the night, anil the next morning the llisp was nearly out of fight. Supposing (fays a - London paper) that we should enter into an immediate war with France upon so insignificant a subject as the Scheldt, what would it end in at lafl ? When would there be a profpe£t of peace ? Can we possibly believe that a Jin gle campaign will compel the French, a desperate people, to lay down their arms, and restore the monarchy ? Have we not reason to believe they would continue the war lor ever, rather than do this ? Did not the war with America continue for se ven years and cod this nation eighty milli ons of money, with the blood of an im mense number of people ? And is it pro bable that a war with France would colt uslefs? Belides, the French would have every encouragement to continue the war with us ; because it would be a gainful war to them. They would enrich chem felves by the defh'Utiion of our commerce; they would lit out swarms of privateers, and be amply repaid by the capture of our valuable Ihips from all parts of the world. The Americans, if they did not join them openly, would line their coads, and all the coasts of America, with their pfi rareers, under French colours ; andfearce a (hip wouldefcape in their palfage from the Weft-Indies. The smugglers 011 our own coalts would do the fame, and join in the general depredation, as they did dur ing the lalt war. Whereas our merchant* would have no incitement to tit out priva teers, to make reprisals ; because neither the French nor the American ships would be of fufficient value to indemnify ti:e ex pence, or even to defray the charges of condemnation. But a further conlidera tion is, that the Dutch, as we know from former experience, would throw the bur den and expence of the war upon 11s, be ing a people governed entirely by their own interest, and likely to desert us before the end of the war. It would, therefore, be a wife flep to avail ourfelvesof this fe-1- rifh propenliryof the Dutch, by perfuadinj ihern, it would be contrary to their inur . to contend with the Frcnth, at this urne, about so infignificant a matter as the Scheldt. ' For it is evident they can gain nothing by the war: & th.it we can ga'm the war ; but that both 1 ;.■: inevitably lose much.—And after all, v. iten peace liiail be made, it is probable that it will he with the humiliation of acknowledging the French Republic, after an immense ex pence of blood and treafcre ; a circum llance which may be avoided, if we act wifely, and (leer clear of the prtfent con tinental disputes. If we guard ourselves at home againlt the machinations of republicans and level lers, and take care to pretlrvethe internal peace and fafety of the nation : which the alien bill, the embodying the militia, and the aflocUtions in defence of the confuta tion, seem well calculated to do ; we may flill preserve our present superiority anions all nations, and continue to enjoy the t-lef (ings of peace in an extended commerce, an influx of wealth, and a higher tide of :i:ofperity, while the poweis on the lon :inent are ruining themselves by bloody and ;xpenfive wars, the natural 10nfcq11cr.ce }f their folly and wickedness." Extract of a letter from London, dated January 14. " The French ought by 1:0 means to I.p -onlidercdas a feeble enemy, forthefert <->f .var they are likely to v age. Thtywill Iriveonly to play upon our trade : and it ireients, in e\ery corner of the world, emptations which will procure them af iOance. All their ov.n Well-Indiamtn ire lying idle in port; their sailors are :t jurthen to the maritime departments from ivant of employment ; these will be im mediately brought into use ; and wc are .infortunatcly warranted by experience, when wefay, that even on the Royal i x :hange of London they will find lunds for :l:e lucrative pursuit. Never, we have said, did this country filter on a war. so ill prepared to carry ic on with vigour. The trick of Mr. Pitt's "chems of finance w ill now be unaiiiinouf iy developed. There arc at Icaft ten mil lions of unfunded debt, which a£ts for the moment as so much fictitious wealth, as the bills are in circulation, hut which limit be provided fer by taxes before v.c c. u make a loan.