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National gazette. [volume] (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1791-1793, June 01, 1793, Image 2

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The Sun ( a London miuißerial paper of
"the Bth) contains some very intereiling
matter, if i; could be relied 011 as authen
tic, particularly a dialogue between Du
mourier and ti;e CtSmmillioners whom the
Convention had Cent to him, in which he
complains bitterly of the Convention antl
come of their edicts, declare* his prefeni
fe. timertts respecting France, occ. &.c.
On Thnrfday arrived the schooner Go
vernor Clinton, Capt. Harris, in ten day:
from St. Jerome (Cape Francois) with ;
confidentble number of p.illngers. —J?j
this vefTel we also learn of the arrival then
of a frigate from Brest, as mentioned a
bove, and that such accounts as are above
Ifated, were in general circulation there
It is Jaid, that a number of young men (fay
50] from the Cape, who went out againU
the insurgent negroes, had been cut tc
pieces, and that a vajl number of the in
habitants were wishing for an Erglilh in
valion !
A French 20 gun (hip was spoken in Bos
ton Bay a few days Once.
The French statement of their navy a
mounts to 192 ships of war, 81 of which
are of the line.
The British fleet now in commiflion a
mount to 110 fail, 56 of which are of thf
Elbridge Gerry, and George Thaftch'er
Efqrs. two members of Congress fron
Maflachufetts, are cle£ted Senators in the
legislature of that state.
Elilha Lawrance, Esq. present officiating
governor of the Hate of New-Jersey, hai
ifilled his proclamation, enjoining a ftrifl
adherence to that of the President of the
United Srates, refpe£ling the neutrality ol
the American States.
LONDON, April 8.
Counter Rev lution in France.
THE accounts of the different defeat!
Experienced by the French army, which
reached Paris in fucceflion almost daily,
produced the molt general confirmation
among all ranks of people. Among the
members of the Convention in particular,
the alarm was very great. Different mem
bers denounced General Dumourier as a
base traitor, who, preferring gold to the
love of his country, had received bribes
from t ,eir enemies, as an ambitious villain,
who, under the maSt of patriotism, had
used every artifice to attach the aimyto
himfelf, to seduce the soldiers of the re
public from the duty they owed to their
country ; and to destroy those in battle
Wliom he could not corrupt by his flatteries.
Different letter-, from general Dumou
rier, and coiiverfations which he had held
yith the commilfioners in Belgium, in
which he plainly told them the prelent form
of government could not be maintained,
w ere produced in support of these charges,
in winch it was all.dged, he olfered the
grossest infnlt to the convention, the re
prel\ntatives and defenders of the sove
reignty of the people, by taking upon him
the office of legdlator ; dictating to them
the conduct they lhonld follow; cenfnring
tile laws which they had palled in the name
of the sovereign people, particularly the
decree of the 10th of December, and fub
feqnent laws refpe&ing the organization of
government in those countries, which had
been freed from the yoke of tyranny, and
rellored to their rights as men ; and stig
matizing the members of the convention
who had been sent by them, and acted by
their authority in Belgium, as thieves and
robbers—thereby irnpreffing the people a
mong whom they were, with sentiments
respecting the views and motives of the
convention very foreign to those by which
they were actuated.
The difaflers which had befallen the
French army, the caufcs which operated tc
give the enemy the advantage, and thedif
miffion of the Sans Culottes, whom thej
Jtiled patriots, whom Dumourier could not
corrupt, and had therefore disbanded, were
all urged as proofs of his guilt.
Dumourier, in the mean time, had ar
ranged matters with some of his officers,
and carried his army back into France,
where he soon received intimation from his
friends of the plots laid to ruin him. A
decree ordering him to appear at the bar,
was carried against him in the convention,
and Bournonville, with five of its members,
accompanied by a secretary, were ordered
to bring him a prisoner to Paris.
Of this he was informed before the
miffioners reached his army, and took mea
sures accordingly.
It was Uie opinion of his friends, that,
even independently of the intelligence he
had received, the convention, as a body,
had fliewn an imbccill.ty and weaknefs,on
almolt every occasion, that proved them al
together unqualified to legislate for France,
which they had brought to the brink of
definition—lt was agreed, that means
fliould be followed to impress the army
with proper sentiments respecting the con
duit of the convention, in numerous in
stances, and particularly towards their gen
eral, who had shared every danger with
them, whose valour they had all Witnefled,
and whole trood CO: ul(K"t alone had preser
ved them from entire definition, and en
abled them to make a good retreat from
a country which hael received them as
friendi ;.nd brothers, but which had be
come their enemy by the unjust ex.- .Hons
levied by order of the convention, and the
cunfltaints put upon their freedom after
the honour of the French nation had been
pledged that they (hould be left at free li
berty to chute their own form of govern
The army, by the read'.nefs -with which
they agreed to fnpport their generals, (hew
ed, th.a before it was proposed, they were,
almolf to a niin, inclined to put an end to
the tyranny of the convention. Want of
individual confidence alone had prevented
them from proclaiming their sentiments to
each other before.
We have net room to give a long detail
of the subsequent bulinefs. Suffice it for
the present to lfate, that the general voice
was tor reltoring, with a few modifications,
the cenftitution decrecd by thefirft orcon
ltituent assembly, viz. a limited monarchy.
—It is eren believed, that Tome of the
commillioners themselves approved of the
When the commiflioncrs, on the firfl of
April, reached the army, they were put
under arreit, and sent next day with an es
cort to the Auflrian army, as prisoners of
war, and hoftagesfor the fafety of the roy
al family.
In the letter which Dumourier sent with
them to Clairfayt, he calls the dauphin the
young king, and oft'ers some of the frontier
towns as a security that he would perform
the promise he had made to overthrow the
Convention, and reflore a monarchical
government —The comni'ffioners are now
faftly lodged in the Citadel of Antwerp.
The French army has mounted the white
cockade, and dilpatches from the duke of
York, and Sir James Murray, confirm the
intelligence that Dumourier has set out
for Paris.
A fufpenflon of hostilities between the
Auflrian and French armies hastakenplace.
To the PRESIDENT of the
S I R.
\7IF.WING you merely in the charafler
* of iii It magiltrate of that country, of
which I ani a citizen, and knowing yon to
t>e amenable to yotir fellow citizens for
Conr official conduct, I lhall make 110 apo
ogy for calling your attention to thelol
lowing obfervacious which I communicate
through the channel of a public print, be
cause the subject is one in which the Ame
rican public is deeply interested.
When you iflued a proclamation, decla
ring on the part of the United States, a
Itriit impartiality and frietidjhip towards
ill the belligerent powers, from the double
motive of iuty anc! interejl, it might rea
[Yinably hive been expected that you would
liave rendered vourftlf cltarly intelligible
:o the citizens of America, and to the
worhl ; and that nothing mjfteriotls or of
double meaning would have been promul
jed by the ele&ive executive of a fres
.ountry. Whatever has the appearance of
double dealing ; whatever favours of mon
archical mystery or court intrigue ; what
?ver may have a tendency unnecessarily to
controul the sentiments or infringe the
privileges of the people—however fafhion
able such things may be in the corrupt
:ourts of Europe, they ought surely to be
rejected, with abhorrence, by those tempo
rary magistrates to whom are committed
the concerns of the American republic. As
the proclamation has not the mod distant
allusion to the treaties exiting between
France and the United States, there is room
tor ftirmiling, that those treaties, from
which we have long enjoyed important ad
vantages, are now to be considered as of no
obligation, ai d this, 1 believe, is the light
in which many have confirued the pro
But, if this be the true conftruftion, how
can the proclamation be conlidered as con
fident either with our duty or interejl ?
With our duty it cannot accord, so long as
eve pretend to any faith as a nation, or re
member, with gratitude, the circutnftances
under v hich our treaties with France were
concluded, and the generous exertions of
hat nation in the cause of American li
berty. It it be the duty of a free nation to
forget those friends to whom she is in a
jreat mealure indebted for a national ex-
Itence ; to view with cold indifference the
ftruggtes of those very friends to support
their own liberties against an host of *lef
pots ; and, in spite of the reciprocal ties of
national treaties, to treat an inveterate and
:ruei enemy with the fame friend/hip a'
t>ur belt and molt faithful ally.—lf such be
the duty of Americans, as declared in the
proclamation, then is that proclamation to
3e regarded as difgraceful to the American
With respect to that line of conduit which
interejl requires America to observe, per
mit me to remark, that it never can be
confident with the interest of a nation,
basely to disregard its plighted faith, and
thereby incur that difgraceful character for
which ancient Carthage became prover
bially infamous among the nations of the
earth. Let me hint further, that it is by
no means confident with the interest of
the United States to provoke the French
nation 10 hostilities; a cor.sequence natu
rally to be expected from the violation of
foleimi treaties.
It has been u*gencroufly fuggeficd by
many ihat we run no danger ot being in
volved in the war with Fiance, how ever
infatjious our conduct towards her may be,
" For, fay they, ft will be for the inureji
of France that America Ihould not be en
gaged in the war, but be left to fnrniih
Lhoie fnpplies as a neutral nation which are
so neceiiary to the fultenance of her army
during the war."—These Solomont, howe
ver, may find themselves ntiltaken. Franee,
tho'delirous of peace and frleudfi'.ip with
us, is surely not intenfible to injury; neither
is (he so abje£t as tamely to submit to an
open violation of faith by any nation.—
RWt-rving some further obfervationi for a
future letter, I shall not at this time tref
[)afs too far upon your attention.
May 30th. VERITAS.
For the National Gazette.
Citizen Fret/eau,
tT would appear by the sentiments of an
- anonymous writer in Mr. Dunlap's pa
x-r of Saturday, that the farmers ol Penn
ylvania are not only to fubiuit to have their
property violated by a company of interest
(I men, but that it is a higil offence for
[hem to meet together in order to conlider
he bess means ot redress. Such may be the
lady opinion < f an individual, but, forthc
lonor of the Itate, we trull it will not be
:ouud the ientiment of the people. The
e olutions and address of a number of ci
.izens refpefting the turnpike and canal
srojefts, contain no observations that are
not warranted by the occalion, or j.uftified
jy the unexampled injury offered to a free
'I he Legiflatnre and the citizensof Tenn
ylvania have been imposed on by aflertions,
:hat in England, from whence we derive
Hir maxims of government, canals are
I'ound so beneficial that they are never op
jofed. We are warranted in declaring this
jflertion to be falfe. By threats in lome
:afes—by fair promises in others—and by
bribery, canal companies have in moll cases
;ffe£led their designs. But in feveralinltan
_es they have been fuccef fully oppoied by
Powerful individuals. In March lall, a Mr.
Otirzou opposed the Alhbey
:anal, becanfe its neceflary length & depth
if cutting within the rock which contained
Vlr. Curzon's I'pring, would injure the
pring, by which his house was supplied
ivith water. Mr. Curzon also objeftcd to
he Alhbey de la Zouch canal. because the
ntended course of it would interfere with
lis plan of extending the limits ofhispark.
Although canals may in some itlftances
lave been found beneficial', leading to large
ind populous manufacturing towns ; yet
he increase of them of late years has been
"onnd by experience to be so as
.0 demand the particular interference ot
government. On the 14th of March 1-93,
in the canal bills, all the lords were fntn
moned to attend—Lord Stanhope prefent
;d to the House the resolutions refpefting
:anah : and their lordlhipsunanimoufly or
dered that these resolutions Ihould be en
ured on the journals.
111. That no canal bill (hall be read a
bird time in the House of Lords, unless
notice of the intention of tutting such ca
nal shall have been infertcd three times in
:he London Gazette, in the months of An
jult and September, previous to the session
us Parliament, in which such bill Ihzll be
Drought in, and unless a notice lias been
printed in the country papers of the town
hrough which such cailal is intended to be
:ut in the months of August and September.
2d. That these notices shall contain the
lames of the parishes and townlhips, and
of no other, into which such canal, &.c. is
ntended to be cut.
3d. That no bill shall b<? read a third
:ime in the House of Lords unless a map of
:he intended cut has been deposited w it:; t ie
:lcrk of Parliament, describing the line, to
gether with a Sook of reference containing
i lift of the names of the owners ar.d oc
:upiers of such lands refpeftively, with an
innexed eltimate of the expense, signed by
he perfou or persons who are to make the
aine; with also an account of the funis
hen fubicribed, and names of the fub
4th. No bill (liould be read a third time
mlefs application has been made to the
owners of the lands through which such
:anal is to pass, for their coi lVnt ; and un
less the map or plan has bei« thewn to such
nwners, diltinguilhing who hasafiented and
who has diflented from such intended ca
lal, and unless the map has been deposited
with the clerk of Parliament.
The arbitrary and unjust principles of
the canal and turnpike law s, and the inso
lent and abusive manner in \\ hich they have
been thus far carried fcito effect, occalioned
the late meeting of the farmers, and w ill
occasion others for the purpole of procur
ing redress. In pursuing this bulinefs, so
highly interesting to onrfelves, we shall ait
with fkmnefs, but decency ; and if our
conduit Ihould offend some individuals w ho
may be interelfed in supporting the eviU a
gainst which we complain,we are willii gto
;>ive such characters any personal futisfai:ion
they may require, but shall not difgtate
our cause, or stain the public prints, with
language unbecoming freemen, in ahfaer
to an) ribaldry or abuse of anonym its wri
Whatever mpy lie niir prefe-t opinion of
turnpike and canal incorporated companies
we are opt 11 10. cor.vicTum, and wouid en ink
any real friends to tile improvements of our
country, to come forward and prove by
fair argument, that it was not the duty of
the legillature on this novel a id important
occasion, to h'ive con.'ulfed their conltitu
ents, * that previous to their enaciing the
laws, the fame caution of violating p. irate
property fliould not have taken place as has
been purlued by the parliament of Great-
Britain—that the laws are not highly inju
rious and unjult toilie agricultural interest,
or that they will finally prove beneficial to
the commonwealth.
In behalf «/" the meeting at iht Prince
of Wales .
* Sidney, in his excellent cTeonrfe on
government, observes, " many members in
all ages and sometimes the whole body oC
the commons have refu ed to vote tiil they
confultwl tlnife who sent thciji- Thehouiei
have been often adjourned to give them
time todo this : and if this were done more
frequently, or if towns, cities-, and counties,
had on some occalions g'nen irlliuc.ions tu
their deputies,matters would probably have
i;one better in Parliament tiian they nave
often done."
Saturuay, June i.
Extract of a tetter from a gftleman in
New-York, dated May 28, to his friend in
this city.
"The fum'of advices received by the April
packet are of the inuft melancholy c ait ;
not for France alone, but they place Eng
land in an equally perilous iituati->n." Let
ters are received from tny correfpondenis
at Bristol, Liverpool, Birmingham. &c. ail
of which places are in the deepelt distress t
the principal trading tow 11s in England are
ruined, and the nation itfelf is 111 the utmost
danger of a general banki uptcy. The ml
niller. Pitt, lias b-en reduced to the great
est distress in filling the loan, no coll peti
tion being to be obtained among the money
lenders. The fubferiptions were finally
made up through the i: tinencr of jobbsaml
ihe agency of runners, solicitors, &c. em
ployed by Pitt himfelf, and n< thing but a
gleam of success from Holland has hither
to saved the nation from a dreadful con
vulsion, which would yet be inevitable,
(hotild an/thing serve to throw America
into the scale of opposition and a union with
France in the prelent wit. —In addiiion to
the above (which is exirafted from fevtral
letters) a friend of the best information in
London thus writes to n;e • " The Arr.< •
rican government has now an opportunity
thaf may never retL-rn, of ftctiririg their
western commercial interests tipon its own
terms, provided Britith men ;»ni( Bririfh
measures 2re not too deeply interwoven in
the councils of America, and lliameful fa
crices made from that cause. Neutrality
isanxioufiy wifiied lor, as the policy ot
America, and the contrary deprecated with
fear and trembling."
OnTnefday the 27th inft. Citizen Bom
pai d, the COiiltnaildiirg Cflicer of the Fri
gate l'Ambufcade, having invited Generst
Mifflin, Governor of Peimfylvania, Gene
rals Knox and Stewart, Mr. Bingham. Co
lonel Sniith, and Mr. Thomas Lee Shipper.,
to dine with him oil boaid of the r 1 gate - r
they accepted of his invitation, and went
on board at 3 o'clock, in company with Ci
tizen Genet, Minister Plenipotentiary of
the French Republic.
After dinner was over, frveral hymns sa
cred to liberty were i'rtog with alt the en
thulialin of feeling, and the following
tojlts were drank : —
1. The American and French Republic*
—May they be forever united 1 (u salute
of twenty one guns.)
2. The PrefirlcnT of the United States.
3. The Rights of Man—may tftey be
come ur.iverlaf law !
4 The Republican fair.
5. The Frigate PAmbufcad? —(a volun
teer by the Governor ol Peimfylv.-nia )
The Artillery Men went through the"
cxercife bcJore the American generals,
who appeared fstisffed with the preciliou
with uhich tile whole was performed.
As the Americnn citizens were preparing,
to leave the frigate, citizen Dtyoi.t, the
boatswain, addrefied them in the : am-, of
!iis mefimates.in a speech replete with feel
ing, and nearly as follows :
•' You fee before you your .rood f >nds
" the French. Several ot us have filed their
" blood to eftablilh your liberty .111.1 inde
"peinler.ee ; we are willing, it nec< I'ary,
" to died to th» Uil di op of what rem.: 1m .
" for the maintaining of that freedom,
" which like you we have acquired. -We
" are If ill your good friends ami brethren,
*' and if you should igain » ant >111 . Milt
'• ance, we (hall alwajs be re d-, to give
" you proofs of oi.r a tatiimei !."
Tiie Governor aufwtrid this artkfs rind
energetic addrefr by exprtfih g hi nn.!. lin
cere wiflies for the li: primol - :• i. .ch
na.iou, and the fucceta«.f the . 1 g. ;c i'A;ii
On boarding thefrgnre, the Amb f.a'or
war iaaued with sii gnus-, which were re-

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