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National gazette. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1791-1793, June 15, 1793, Image 2

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• "Man. Coorag?; patriatifm, ah-T want
duplicity, are virtues, winch, in vour
. ia:ion fh*>nld rile iiiHititely sup rior to
the temerity, loyalty, autl cii:::iku,,
vh'.c i ever dHVmguifiied til-.* fateiiites oi
<ts. R'fie, and ,ive liberty to myli id.
if citizens of Europe, who, if yr.ur txtr
in are wanting, may pruonbly b.
. *.; and secure your ow i t'i eed" 11 upon
. :;u>repermanent bafts. ALCaNOji,
June jJ, i ; Vj
-
TO THE PUISI. IC.
,- \N the i ' of june. John Curwm, f'iocr
-** iir ?ntiaiit of tne" Pniladelphia .'.ml L-m
----. i'U'r Tnrti pike Road, came to my house,
d me if 1 -vas willing lie fhoul.d be--
i to form the ro.- 1 o:i my ground—l told
■ ,n :i-j—not till I'):;: agreement was made
.. i me, so that I mi : : be secure, and in
. ::i.:iiie»l for the injury I mig.it fultain by
- ouclion of n■ y propc, ■. 1 politive
y forbid him proceeding, a ' Inoultl op
poiV hini if lie did, and obilmct r • work.
He then conclude 8, he wouid watt 'ur
ther orders fmui the board of managers—
- r wi; -_-h, I heard no more from him,
1 th; . win*ii one of the ov-erfeeri
c e i.. in 'formed me, that lie wa
£<•> >gt«> "■ !, but did not i..form
if i it .-•■•inpi'-.'iej of men, wfoo
v. . work , mediately ; but,
bu .er,t i on i,uaid. in a lew mi
. ,tc< saw t..e fuperiutenda.itgoing ciiroi.gh
my ground, with a ltake on hi a lhouldei,
mid at the fame time about forty i i.'ii com
ing down tlic road, in order to meet him in
a lield below niy house. As soon as tilery
came oppoiite my house, [ Hepped t-, t!l
road, ami forbid them to enter: they ai!
halted except lix, who, went to the fujier-i
i.nemlant men ion the ground, and I feeing
them pi epai ing to ber,in tlitir op rations,
went do.vii, and puiled up thejine that was
Wretched, in order to maVk out the road.
It was tiien !i retched a fecoud : me, when
i cut it in two. This ended the d.., ute
lor the prele .t: they 1, ft the ground, and,
I am told, the main b-idy v.a-i highly cc-a
fuied aud tlire tened to be dilVharged, al
though they had no overleer to lead them
on : the ovetfeer havingdeclin .I tile d:ia
greeable service, incl:.ayed behind, a >1 tin
fuperiuteildant, bei. g.co.i ui'ed, know ;:g ;t
unjuit and ill--: I ,ai, to violently deprive a
citizen of his property, had not the a< lef
to lead them on himieif, or evd to cali
them, although they were within a lew
paces. The matter being thus fettled for
tliat day, he mounted his horle, and pro
ceeded to Philadelphia, to carry the new;
of his defeat to his molt ] Uifliint and
matters,' who, irom circuniii nice.,, -ai
to have laid apian ior a second .» t.u... 0
the morning of the Bth in'.l.int, Vaunie}
Fitlier, one of tiie managers, p dby m;
home, on ins w ay to meet tiie lujier. uend
uiit, wHo had p.cpared himi'elr with four
companies. In a ihorc time ajter, I re
ceived iniormation, that fometh :ig more
than common was to be done that day—
that ttie upper caAipanies were coiling
down. Soo l after came f'ra tcis jomifou,
a.i ither of the managers, to my huufe : we
had not been in converfatn.i long, belore
the troi j; appeared, making a very warlike
appearance, with their lhovels anil spades
exwiuied in the air: j;.tinfoil and myfeif
fell iii, and inarched to the held ot athon —
when eighty-lix men, four overseers, with
the fiiperintend nit, be?,... 1 the attack ; af
ter being baal-.d awhile, by my cutting
their line, they threw them by, and worked
by giu-fi. 1 left the li.'ld, and they finilhed
what they intended; a -,:i the loth, I
opened a mill-dam on a part of the work,
and let the plough to level the other pait.
While I am writing the Ihcrilf appears with
a fumnions, for me toanfwerfor a trespass
on my own ground. Is not this tyranny ?
is not this the mod arbitrary and unjust
violation of property and citizenfliip, t ~.t
t-verhas (toihe disgrace of America be it
f.iid!) taken place in Penufj ivania?—ior
ninety men, under (the auspices and di
re£tion of a corporation, to attack the pro
perly of an individual with force and ai ills,
in older to rescue the property out of my
hands, without trying to come to any terms,
although tiie managers were then on the
ground, or giving me the lealt fatiifaokion ?
This, my fellow-cit.ze. s, is the blessing
attendant on incorporate bodies! This is
but a sample of what we are to expect.il
men of fucli despotic principles are fuSered
to reign, and become lords and mailers ol
whatever foil tliey think will yield them
htteen or twenty per cent, when turned
into canals or turnpike roads. So great a
violation of the, property of a citizen, has
not takerrplace'under the despotic govern
ment of Great-Britain. For eighty-lix men,
attended by their mailers, and I'iipportecl
by the pretence of two of the managers of
\ the company, coming like a : i:n;:tti ct
jobbers, with a full deterni'm itieu to do as
'•they please, without offering to treat with
me.—and now I am summoned to the bar
of juflice, for averting niv .right, and em
bracing the molt fundamental part of com
mon law—that of t)ie defence of my pro
perty, or tiling it as I please. But theie is
no need to fay more ; iacts I'peak ior them
selves, and my cast is but one aniocg ma
ny ; there are others who fuller, or expeil
to fuller, the l.ofs of their property, by the
turn-pike ai.d canal.
EDWARD HESTON.
rhil.-.delphia County, jir.i'e n, 1793.
P*ii ™" nei-P ni A.
Saturday, Jwi e 15.
A Kr!ti!h (loop of war in the Wert Indies
1 u captured t. 1 e fcliooner iiegillator. o!
..i.timore, hurac .v rd bound, and another
choa.ier or ia ia I'V u'• 01 her return
lere. Rota of tiieie v fi.U were from
?ort- an- P nil e, were captured under pre
en. •of I; iiig F. etuh property un board,
iiid feat to Ja rat a
'J lie rr: ; Ire I.'Ambufeade left the Dela
.v.ire Capes on the 7th iultant. Tue next
lay ihe took theßrij; Catharine bouud from
jotnaica to Philadelphia. *"-o sooner was
.he priz' mailed and ordered lor N?w
---\ oik, when they gave chace u> a large
!hip, which upoa approaching, they found
to be a Ihip of War of two tier ot ;;un.l :
the frigate then put about and 101 l light of
her. 0.1 tiic ! temn. as the frig-itp was
(landing in lor the land, at 2.in the 11101-
iv.a l .:, two lights were dilcovered, to which
, . e chace. and when within gun U.ot,
found h ni to be two large snips at anchor,
1 to fathoms water. At live i 1 the mor
ning another large fhlp was difcoveied a
bout two leagues to -eward, tnat gave
chace to the frigate. She appeared to be
a 40 gun {hip, but the frigate being within
ten leagues of two other men of war, did
not think it prudent to engage Inr. She
then proceeded ru out, w tier,*? fht
anchored in the Nort 1 River oil Thursday
last, when flie fainted the city with lirteen
(in s, which were returned from the bat-
Another account lays, the innate
was chaced in by 2 Eitglifn hups, oue ot 40.
the other of 50 guns.
Ave'Jel is arrived at New-York in 39
days from Newry. In the Irilh channel
(lie pulled thro' a Heet of 30 fail ot Enghlli
ve He Is, with twelve regiments on board,
rle(lined to make an attack on lj.:itaun),
to favour the ariliocratic party in, France.
All the ports of the French Weft-India
islands are now open to American vessels,
as appears by adecree of the National ( 011-
ventiiui that* has been published lurou&:;out
the French Well-Indies.
A gentleman who lelc "New-York on
Monday morni -.3 la.l, gives us the follow
ing account of a recent tranfaftiou in that
ciTy : A finall vessel hr.d been within a few
weeks fitted out in the port oi New- York,
laid to be intended 0.1 a trip to Charlefion,
and not till witnia a few hours of her fail
uig dicl lii? ailiuuc the appearance ot a pri
vateer. On Saturday evening, between
the hours of 9 and 10 (he took in her giuis
and ammunition, 'the mayor beng in
formed of the circumstance, communicate*
it to tlie governor, when they both, wit!
laudable zeal, and accompanied by fonu
dicers of the peace, purfiied the vefiel
w1 a had let f-il, overtook her,and brough
her bat.:. Our informant saw her ur.de:
,Ijard, as he crofled the North River.
A conliderable numbt rot t.ie inhabitant
of the island of St. Peters, near Newfound
find, taken some weeks lince by a Brititl
iipiadron. have arrived at Boston. Thefi
unfortunate peopl ■ mean to reiide in Mai
achufetts till the forces of the 1' nglilU do
pot are driven from t lie above islands. W
are happy to add that every attention na
I been Ihewri to their comfortable accomim
dation in the patriotic capital of Malla
chufetts.
We congratulate the public 011 the fpee
(]y completion of the llib.eriptiolls to til
bank of Pennsylvania, the city having ta
ken all the ihares C2OCO) allotted to tiieu
; with an alacrity and spirit that is at once
proof of their* confidence in ihe govern
. ment which proposed the n.ea.nre, an
their own opulence who li.ne given it f
I decided a support. [Daily Paper. J
i "The prei; nt campaign will colt tl
? Englifli 1: tioil, at lead, eight millions ftei
f :g, bdidesthe loft of liies and merchai
t and bankruptcies, which lalt hai
t four months ago, taken place, to the e>
r tent of twelve millions flerling. Th
- was their own computation in March lal
- and the sum is molt likely doubled by th
, time.
y on a reasonable estimate, Britain m:
, lose, in the firlt year of the war, five liui
e dred vessels at sea. Indeed, about 1;
? were f'eized at a fingie tiroke, in tl
g french harbours. If these fix hyndn
s veftels are worth, at an average, thrc
f thousand pounds, the sum total is exact
d two mil.lolls of guineas.
if If we consider all these circumflances,
II is probable, that, in one way or the othe
d this tingle campaign will colt England thi
a ty millions flerling
s In the mean time,the minister and his i\i
- inidons are busy in telling the public,, t ]
1. one year more will end the war, : ,nd ti
tl the national debt is annually
f by ten hundred thousand pot ,r.<ls. B
f unfortunately, it requires an unconim
1 gulp of faith, to believe Either of th
h aliertions. "Lenil me tF,n guineas,
r (hall pay back one," is, a t least, not av(
.- goccl way to difchary a debt; and as
.- the French war I^.I.fmg but a firgle vc
1- it is a cafe precedent iu Eng
is hiftoi y for the in jt; i; ve centuries.
1- The war is 'jkely to lalt as long as
i- government ' jf England can borrow 11
il I.ey to fuv it." Yv'lien that refou
e fails, the problems of monarchy and
fiindir be solved together by a n«
oual convention, a revolution, ai:d a
P u! jl'.c." fDa./ iv.]
rTxtrT^TT
tionais, and other French papers.
■ Coujianii'iopie, 8. " The various
polities ot fortigu courts are here ill the
higlieit fervid a:r.vity. The ilritifh court
has at no former period hao recourse toi
fucli low and infamous intrigue with the
Divan as at prefcnt. After aii, however,
the Porte wiil be refolnte enough, and is
fuffitiently conscious ot her own ftrerigth
to emancipate herfelf from the leading
ltriu.;s of the Empress ot liui.ia, and to re
ject the influence of theßritiii) minifler. 1 he
Turks never found themselves in better
condition than at preferit. Their ioi tiheae
tions are every where repairing, a
confiderabie fleet is in preparation. The
i ircuinftances of the times only influence
Catharine lid to grant this short brtaili
of rrpofe, but let tlie times change and
the Sultan will iind her as inveterate an
eilemy as ever. The court ol Peteifbuig
will soon have an.anibaffador from hence.
He is to travel with a suite ot three hun
dred persons, and carries with him an im
inenfe number ot rich presents for the r.m
prefs and her nobility. Soon v. ill tl.c
Tnrkilh minifler be admitted into the very
ball-room, where the court of Ktiflia ex
hibited a regal feliival in honour of the
30,000 Turks slaughtered at lfm.iel
Valenciennes, -April 7. Dumourier's
camp is in a date ot r. pid dillolution. Not
an hour paflesbut f refn conipan.es or bat
talions of soldiers are coming 111 —filch is
the force of patriotic virtue. But the ty
rant Dninourier keeps up luth ,1 rigid c:i
fcipline. and has to attached the hearts of
many soldiers by his courage, his ilefperate
plans, his writings, &c. tn..t fowe remain
w :th him purely from fear, and others
from a iiliy idolizing ci char, cter, a pro
pensity that is inseparable from many in re
yard to the object that has once engaged
their esteem. There is not in l.iito:) .11
example of villainy equal to that of jJ)u
---1110111 ler. Catiline's cannot be ton.par. d
; with it. He has with him a printing preh
j and printer . by nuans ot' which lie daily
I publilhes some new proclamation, at oikc
irttidiou-, treacherous, and inic ..nt. He
| h.:d curried his villainy so far as to counter
i:eit decrees of t.'ie National Convention,
j ptiblifti tneui aifuch, long previous to hit
. I defection, and wlncli for darx purposes
j authorized jhe foidiers of ins arn.y to toiii
nnt crimes w: iek were «•.!..otis to 1! ;e ,
French cause jn.llia Belgic provinces. Jus
l a fact unden: ibie, tliji for alo i-..ie U |
> j prevented any ot the na"ional pro<.ln:n.i- j
lions, injunctions, or writings of avy kind |
1 1 from ccming to tile know 'edge ol the ... -
1 11 v ; but he proved 111 this the old adage,
? that the over-cun ling always overflioot
, themselves. He has taken fucn precautious
t that tl.ole niiferable men wlio are fiiii at j
: Wachcd to !;ini, tannot come at the truth ol j
things, or they would dejert him in an in
s ilant. It is a molt '.ncoiitellibie fact, and
- will be proved in the face ol the y.orld,
I l rat no public p ptrs whatever, ofiiaal »r
c itherwife, ha/- been allowed to re-ach the
army, while in Belgium, except Only ionK
tew that contained recitals of lecnesot de
-3 olation and blood in Pari 1 -, the unhappy
is coufequeiite of fanatical lrenzy or ovei •
•• heated patriotifni, and contlautly tending
- to feandalize .and citbafe the National
Convention, to depict them a Land ot sac
- tious hypocrites and usurpers ot lovereign
e authority, and whose only 1:m was to ad
:- vauce their own private and in
1, terells, to get some property in theii
a hand:., and then desert tne nation forever !
1- How many mournful truths are the pre
id ludes to Pumourier's defection I —to dif
-0 gull both officers and soldiers under him,
he took every poflible means to effect an ar
ic tiheial fcarcit) m the army, thatdeUrtions,
r- discontents, and difafFctllpn might enfiie.
iit In many inllances he favoured plunder on
d. the property of the inhabitants—and when
.. occalion offered v ould fvy to the pillagers,
lis -'My friends, I cannot bi'diie you, the
[1, National .Convention h*s let you the ex.-
iis ample —
/tiar/eilles, March. 55. " Unite, patri
ay ots, and keep an ev upon traitors, buth
1- are at this moment in the enemy's service.
;o The country is. in danger !—May he perilh
:ie who remains indifferent to the danger that
sd threatens Rouse.citizens, in the name 01'
ee all that i j tlear. Now is the time to vin
ly d.cate "your freedom, or die. him
who ( s unaiile to render perfonalfervice pay
it for aie thingto liim that can march agamK
T , \ne enemy. Opulence itltlf mult not now
make voluntary gifts, but confidcr its con
tributions as a debt due to nature tiid to
yr- man. A moment of llecp is now tl.e fluni
hat ber of death, and repose will be the ruin
fiat of all we hold dear in this life- Ihe go
-1 jir vernmcnt of Prance well knows the
Ut' of the nation : they have counted well up
ton on itsftrength—Let the nation but stretch
,fe forth its arm, and Liberty triumphs, and
d I tyrants are prostrated in the iluft. —O you .
cry who live in indolence, ar.d in the bosom of
foi wealth—the molt urgent neccllity now de
ar. mands your aid * yourliipertli.xofwealr.il
lifli i 3 the property of your country you chat
live in abundance, who in, the multiplicity
the of your domeitic:, rob tire earth of (aboreis
no anil your coun.ry of defenders—-depn\e us
ice no longer of a share of your firength. Great
of dangers require great aid, and when your
4 ti- brethren are in distress, only heart's of iron
re- can refufe it. Hut to the Yeomanry ol
the foil "do we chiefly ; v u:;lve- ;
— 1 ——■ ■
you alone, are the people that have f yid
Liberty—tl;c common n. oilier of nu r, the
earth on which we dwell, now for
your exertion.. Lay cfide all anißKfay,
ail party spirit, and only be ai"/,)y al
wretches v. ho are betraying you, ; rid try
ing to enslave you. tly to the trciitiers,
for it is to you. principally, that lilt 11 y mult
owe her fafety. Let all luxuries be laid
aliele, let the patriotic altars be covered
with your gift;, or rather the payment as
your debts.-Paris .vd Marseilles have more
than once saved their country. —1 he eyes
of the world are ftiil upon Paris and Mar
seilles, to Ihew what exertions France can
make againll the prefiure of tyrants. —X>o
more delay—no more rctieitions ; the hour
of battle is come : the exillence ofli eedoin
is menaced; traitors surround us and are a
moiig us, and the death of liberty is perpt -
trating—but let unanimity prevail ai el all
is late. —Evil be: to 1 him whoi'e cars :ire
deal to the cries of his country 1"
[From the Fayetteville Gazette.]
The United States having offered nil
asylum to the oppreli'ed and fuffering in
habitants of Europe, it may perhaps be .1
queltion, whether this liberal aj el humane
offer, without foine qualifying laws, may
not be a means of injuring our fine citizen
As emigrants experience the benefit c.f i r.r
protection, and have guarantied by the li
berality of our laws, their property, aial
whatever advantage can arile from the ex
ertion of their talents ; allegiance, r.nd-a.
("acred reverence for' tliel'e laws e i ght to
follow : But.unhappily for our country,in
grates intrude among us, who, with pa -
tional prejudices, a love of monarchies art!
kings, dared, oil the intelligence of the ex
ecution of Louis XVI, [by a judgment <-f
the National Convention, which lor jullitf
has not been exceeded lince the days of
Moses, that great Lcg'flator] they have
dared to atraign the jvillice of our magna
nimous allies. Siith characters are netwcl
tometo this land of freedom, and are un
■ilcaCant to the cit /ens of ti efe (tales; as
ay fcve'reful.erin; . ii.u..h b'.ood and trea
"ure, they know now to appreciate th-c
ovcfnnient which holds to view every
privilege and blc (hug that a Tree government
.an rationally e jey.
'fen years have pared avvav (ince the
leacewith < ivat-3r.ritr.in, in which I pace I*
ive nave Cefcn tne uniform illiberal policy
jf her government, to embarrafsour tract,
: jure and nnpeele cur growing greatrci'%
which her imperious defpotifni makes ur,
me! all the commercial world exrri .ence ;
:.. ugh the-trade carried on with ihcie„
iiates is 1: own to be but little iii< rt of a
nil',ion fierli ;,inher favor, and everyway
111 dvailtage oil., to America.This superior!-.
:y has been eiTc.cd d by fraud and pow crier
nfati.-ble thirll for old does not pernii. he r
.o be quiet.—For the interference of Loni.
XIV,' in favour of James 11, in the hit
ent.urv, file denounced the greased, violr
ion oi the law sos nations. Immunity and
Cilice ; and expended nearly one hundred
millions to wrcakhcr vengeance on I ranee,
.lie now avows the canle of tyrants, and ill
. lion with them is making attempts oil
hat Republic, the molt execrable anc-1 tv
arinic ever .made cm freemen.
'lhefignal victories gained by Fiance ill
rheir late campaigns, has afforded the citi
i:us of these liates the utmoll joy and fa
:r faction. Our cncreafing re,..nries for
:rade and commerce must perpetuate the
jlliance ; die hoJds to view , aii'a republic,
,-veiv advantage, by a reciprocity of inte
;■ efts', that mult accelerate our prosperity
jnel happinecfs. —It must excite our indig
nation'' that Great-Brita.n . or.ld ciaie
;o dictate to the French Republic—though
her power may liipe rleele the laws ot rea
son. humanity and jitdice, it cannot ccn
! train the laws of nature; nor is it bareiiy
polnble to conquer men determined to be
free. Gratitude for Cervices the most im
portant rendered the United Slates in e.if
:refs, and that natural tie which cenKnts
Republics; will not, it is preCumed, permit
ustoCee, with impunity, her dedruflipn,
which is the obvious intention of the com
bined tyrants of Europe.
\\ e have nothing to fear from Britain,
who, diftraaed Ly parties, iminenlVly in
debt, her coriHitutiOn corrupt, Ireland in ;i
ferment, and arming in part from internal
fear; her tender mercies ve have already
experimentally felt, and our citizens oil
the frontiers are weltering in their blood
fneel by the savage allies fcf England, who
unmindful of treaties, have armed the fe la
vages with the fearing knife and toma
hawk. —The prodigious wealth which
Great-Britain boafts'ol, Is well known to
be a moveable property. America, how c -
ever young as a nation, can furnilh mate
materials, in conjunction with France, a.
will transfer a gi eat proportion of theie
floating moveables to her uie ; and ev.nc*
to her enemies ftie is llrong and vi;:orons,
with ability to counteract the a.b.t: . '
I'yftem impbfed by that power, which ai
rogantly Cays, (lie "will make old ocean
tremble under her numerous fleets Mi"
EQUALITY.
*** Correspondents at a chflance. are.re •
quelled til ti aniunt their j Days, o: c lor
the National Galette, pc>Jl pciiri > otjKTwnc
they will jw; be altent'.cJ to-

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