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National gazette. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1791-1793, August 24, 1793, Image 1

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By P. FRENEAU: (at No. 300, Market Street) Pub'ifhcd aid Sato k days, [Tiip.es Dollars ;,t
Nume. 86 of Vol. ll.] SATUR DA Y, Augufl: 24, 1793-
VfANY 1 long-winded'Eflays have been
brought before the public, in confe
quenoe of the Prelidem's proclamation,
&c. and other proceedings of our «ov?rn
ment, in which the'affairs of the republic
of France were atfefled ;—there has been
much unnecefi'ary, a:id even tirefoine de
clamation from the crimlnatiri and rec i
mi'intorSi who take up a considerable por
tion of their pieces in personal inveilive—
The generality of readers would
to fee the ar ininents on both fides (fated
with precision, in preference to having
them enveloped with Inch high colouring.
1 do not Hold the infillibility of any mortal,
however dignified the flation to which lie
is exalted. When he i? supposed to have
erred, it ought to be told in a mild and in
oft'enfive meaner ; biu if he perseveres, I
do not think he can be tgo severely re
We have b?en, (I was about to fjy, en
tertained) instead of which read.difgudcd,
with repeated exprellions of tear, left Bri
tain fliould take in dudgeon any bro
therly acts of friendfhip towards #Ur re
publican allies ; even though they fliould
not exceed what is particularly stipulated
-for in extfting treaties. How unmanly—
how pulillanimous and effeminate are tht fe
fears. If Britain, or ratHer George 111.
ii difpofrd for a declaration of war against
this country, he will not defer it long (or
want of a p. i :ence. If he wishes to main
tain peace, 110 act of our government, if
conformable to treaties, will provoke it ;
although we fliould even perinitthe French
to fell their prizes in our porti, and pro
Libit the Englilli from actinjj in the fame
manner. I am fully persuaded it is the
wish of the great body of my fellow-citi
zens to remain in peace ; but at the fame
time, I may as fafely affirm, it is their de
lire to shew every favour ft) the French
that can be done confidently with neutra
lity. These are not mere aflertions, but
collefled from the conversation of people
r.'veral hundred miles apart, and of the
majority with whom I conversed in the in
termediate places through which I palled.
But for my lingle felf, were try arm nerv
ed with flrength fufficient, I would give a
fatal {tab to the hydra despotism, which
nothing will satiate but thousands ot re
publicans for her daily repart.
From the General Advertiser
rpHE late capture at sea, on her pallage
-*■ from New Orleans to Philadelphia, ot
the vcffl'l built on the Ohio, witllin the
ll.ite of Prnnfylvania, owned by citizens ol
the United States, and whofecargo belong
ing to American citizens, conii::s in pro
ductions of the growth of this country, de
inoultrates the evident necoflity of a treat j
with Spain, refpeiting the navigation ol the
It is a matter of fact, that the lands oi
the wedern country are much more luxu
riant and fertile than tho-'e of the Atlantic
parts of the United States ; it will follow
then that western cultivated landd will af
ford a larger proportion of produce for
exportation than the fame quantity of
cultivated lands on the ealterti fid? oi the
mountains ; but when we take also into
conlideration, that no.t of the wellern
inhabitants are farmers, thnt there are but
few mschanics among them, and that they
have no large towns to fnpply, we will
readily admit that the proportion of theit
produce for foreign market mud be ft'jl
greater. It is very true that the popula
tion of the weflern country is inconlidera
bl?, comparatively with the vast extent of
that territory ; yet the number of its inha
bitants is respectable, and defervedoubtlefs
the attentiwii of the lupreme legislature oi
the Union. The slate of Pennfvlvania has
fe»eral populous counties beyond the moun
tains, whose produce must go to market b)
the Alleghany and Monongahela rivers
.down the Ohio and Miffifippi. Virginia is
in the famelituation, as to herpoflelfions or
the Ohio and Great Kanhaway rivers. Tilt
fiate of Ketituckey, which is far from be
ing contemptible for the number of het
inhabitants, has no other way to export
v her produce. The territory north well
of the Ohio, comprehending the several
settlements of Scioto, Miami, Wabafh, and
the villages and country of the Illinois,
ill the very fame predicament : and lalily,
the territory south of the Oli'o, containing
upwards of 50,000 fouls, lies altogether on
the weflrern waters, and is more conveni-1
fitnated than all the others to the na
vigation of the Miffilippi. At a mode
rate calculation then, w- may well elti
maie half a million of people, modlv far
mer, who can export none of their pro
duce, but through the channel of the Mif
iilippi. So great a part of the nation ought
not and cannot much longer be negtefted.
The preterded exclnfive right of S'pa'n
to the navigation of the Miffifippi.Ufotliiri*d
on no principle of equity or natural justice.
— Thalia country of more extent than any
of the kingdom ol Europebe debarred of
its natural right of fendi ig its produce to
sea, because Spain happens to have a small
town with a few filbjects hear the mouth ol
the Miffilippi ? Ho'.v long will Americans
fubinit to the oppreflion of paving, a hea\)
and degrading tribute to a Spanilh officer,
for a license (In his power ever to deny)
to proceed to lea with their vefl'cl and pro
duce ? ar.d kinder the rellriftion of mik
ing Inch veflels Spailifh bottoms, which
fubjeils them to be feizable by the armed
Ihips 6f France.— In what a wretched Htua
tion these arbitrary proceedings of Spain
placeour w edern i itizeHs ! If they will) t<
export their produce, they mult not onh
snake life of the mod hurtrlilt folicitatiom
but they are compelled besides to piy a
very high duty for the permilfion of failing
nut of the M liifippi under the colours of a
foreign nation at war with our allies.—
How degrading fnch reft rittions ! how
rumiliatinjr 10 dii American !
It is easy to forefee w hat willbe the con
equence, if a treaty be not soon, and very
oo 1, negociated with Spain. — The wellern
nh. bitants, whose increase daily
jy the conllaut emigrations from the At
antic dates, have oomph Ined for nea
en years pad, of the op, relfion they labour
inder : but the confidence they had in
heir delegated rulers, caused themto wait
ill now, not without impatience, the ef
fects of negociation ; they are a hardy,
:ourageous and enterprizing people, and
hough they entertain the greatill rtfpe;t
"or the laws of their country, and thou»h
hey are much attached tojhe federal J,o
,'eminent, yei their favorite axiom in po
i;ics is, (a maxim eflabiilhed unanimously
n (776, by the Congress of the United
tate;) " that alleg<anct and protection art
Quousqur tandem, Hifyania, abuteris Patentij
nostia ?
" X.
r'he Affellations and Fopperies cf Heroes
and K 1 Ngs.
[From an FiiglifhxMagazine.}
"pHRRE is 110 kind of folly that satire
hath fadened tij'on with a keener
:oolh, than foppery. There i- scarce avir
:ue, which hath been more highly extolled
:tiati magnificence. It is natural, there
rore, to luppofe, that the noble receptior
lllowcd to the lad, has been the bait ti
educe such numbers into the lirfl ; • and
t-et there is 110 more similitude between
.hem, than between paint and beauty.
The very elfence of the ridiculous is af
"eftiition ; nor would the owl and ass bo
reated so ludicruudy, as they always are,
f, overtheir natural dulnefs, they did not
ivear the malk of w ifdoni. As-Sancho fa
;acioufly declares, we a r e all as God made
us ; and, therefore, while we continue a:
ive are made, we ;.re no way obnoxious tc
jlame or laughter, for not being what vc
ivere never intended to be.
But common sense is not ful to the
u ill of kings, and challenges a prerogative
fupcrior to theirs.
Hence it w as, that even a diadem col-Jtl
not cover the ass-ear; ot Midas ; throng!:
that dazzling circle they beti ,--ed them,
[elves, and every sycophant who approach
ed him, laughed in his sleeve, if not in his
sovereign's face.
Had his ailinine majefty /lever slept into
the judgment-feat, and underteek to be e
man of tade, he had never fallen under the
displeasure of Apollo, or been ear-mark
for tjie ridicule «f all ages.
I' have ever been particularly pleafec
with Ovid, for having played off this plea
fant piece of revenge upon a king : it ha*
i'erved to illultrale molt effectually, that ii
kings are gods in power, they are men in
judgment; and if mod of th'fe date idols
had not been vilited, like Ahab and Aga
memnon, with a lying spirit, it might pos
sibly have kept them from trel'palfing on
their own abilities, and afpiringto be ridi
But power intoxicates, as well as wine,
and the phrenzy it creates, seldom evaps
rates, but iu the deep of death.
Thus Alexander himfelf. though perhaps
(he molt magnanimous of men, i idiculouf
ly enamoured wi'h the charafler of Achil
les, set iip the poet's phantom as his moiiel
in all thing*. Hepheltion thits became his
Patrocltis, and was lodged in his bol'dm,
rather perhap . throfigh affectation, pardon
the )ingle, than affection. Thus, likewise.
he piqued himfelt on being fu Ift of foot;
as also oi his own ptrfonal valonr, and the
giving a fr:e loose to the moll violent ot
liispallion »• And lallly, fitch strength did
this vain glorious humour of his acquire
by longiiululgence, that, not fatisfied with
the red! glory he had acquired by his victo
ry's, lie took pains to biall the reputation
nf both his parents,in orderto be elteemed
the son of J.. piter.
In all 11jtie lights, aslikewife irt his
weeping for more worlds to conquer, a c
tvillas his ambition to excrl all rneji in all
things, even Alexander himfelf becomes as
?rtlineiTtly ridiculous, as, eiilulive of his
'•'< Hies, he iva3 eminently worthy of admi
The affixations and obfurditles of A!ex
i:ider were, however, ihofe.nf a hero ;
:he Achilles he mm it Iced was the Achilles
if Homer ; the god h J mm ; desirous to be
lei ived from, w as the ki"g anil father ot
:!:e e,t. Glory was the deity he wdrfhip
>ed ; and the contelt ot generWify between
lim and Porns bears wituef , that he de
ir-d to have a reputation founded on vir
:ue, as well as victory.
Eve i C.elar, the man of reiifon, P.s xrel!
is enterprise. could irot help being dazzied
vith the wintering figure of this human
['inEniK : this is evident by his bursting into
ears, in) recollecting that he himfelf was
carte Iciiou n to the u orld, at an age w hen
A/exan er was both the wonder and rtiaf
:er oi it. Csefar, however, did not fuft'er
lis -dßiiration to htirt Ins discretion ; and
f he tmnlaied his virtues, he carefully
ivi ided hisexrravagaficies.
Cnarjes XII. ot Sweden, like ui ft, ap.
jare illy cop ed tlie military part of Alex
mde< Vchai-after; in confeqoe'ttce of which.
.< ar bccatnc 1m element, and to (lifpole oi
cingd mis, not puffefs them, what he prin
ipaily aimed ai, as tlie fruit of his viclo
•ics : hue as Csfar (tudied only the cxcel
nii.'s of Alexander, Charles was ena
moured even with his faults; and as al
iefVctsin a fine original are if
I fervileCopy, so if, Alexander was rafli,
diaries was rafhuefs itlelf ; which be car
■ied to filch an extremity, that while in the
ield, scarce any thing less than a continual
"ericsot' miracles could havepreferved him
rom day to day. He is not, however, to
ie upbraided with Alexander's debauche
ies ; and if the Greek was continent once,
he Swede was so always. Alexander agiit)
"i und leifiire, in the inidft of a carh'p, to
;ultivate the arts and fcience',to beelegant,
o be magnificent, (let it be I emembei ed, I
Id not fay, to He prodigal or o(t-?ntatijtis)
whereas Charles -.ias so immersed in the
Irudgery of war, that he forget thednesof
lecertcy. and in hisfigure more resembled
ancient Pistol, ai (Irelied for the Uage.
n khafcefpearp, than a great king and
mighty conqueror. The Spartans, \tere
lever so spruce, as in the day of battle ;
lor can I fee any necefiity that a great hero
i.oufd be as great a flovetj. To finifh with
his royal .Suede : as Alexander had his
Hepheltion, Charles had his prime ot
VVirtenbeig : a circrmftance w hicli 1 men
: on only to fbew, that Peter the Czar had
uithorities of ail forts for calling hin-i, th< ■'
omeu hat in from, the Alexander of the
lorth. , E,.g. M„.g.
NEW-YOKK, Anguft 17.
To the honour, ble John Jay, Kfq. Chief-
Justice of t e United States, and the
honour: ble Fulns King, Ffq: a l-nembei
of the honourable the Senate cf the
United Slates'.
Hnnotjrrb'e Cent'rmen, .
THE very intereftj'ng information con
:aintd in your card publ'ihed in Monda;'.
Diary, and the very condeftending inannei
n which you ha\e deigned to make the
communication, demand the irn ft si bm f
ive acknowledgments of all your leilow
'fubjefts.' When the chief-jiiflife and a
senator of thtj United States (loop so far,
as to addref themlelves immediately to the
people, who that is not cailotis to the fen
iiinents of gratitude, does n<.t perceive
ai>d crpfefs the important obligation ? Re
reive then, dignified Sirs, the thanks due
.0 you for so obligingly importing ti\ us the
i try indecwrmft language used by Citizen
Genet; But for you. we fhonld vet have
aeen groping in the da: k, ai"d taiituing
[Total Numb. 190 ]
ourfclves with useless conje.stnres; and
yet fonie captious people among; us, take
exception at your card. They fay, that
utter spending so man* days, in' the worth
ing of it, tliey expected much fu'ler in
forntaticn respecting the minister's con
duit; they nlk in what manner this lan
guage was used, upon what occalion ?
Whether in writing, whether by word of
moti:h, whether they were addivfled di
rectly to the IVelident, \\ hether to his own
republic, whether to his oxvn amily, whe
ther to yourselves, (which appeared molt
probable, as you do not (peak from infor
ination) whether to your friend the secre
tary ox the treasury, or whether they were
dropped (ai foine fay) in a private table
converfatiort. '1 o silence these cavillers,
we tell them, you were riot obliged to de
clare the whole truth, and that'yon have
chfcldled quite as much as the vulgar ought
to know.
Others there is a want of candour
in yr r trying to palm the report on others;
it mult be cOiifeiiefl, there is a studied am
biguity in this particular; the card fays
report having reached the city, yott
« ere allied so and so.' It took me half art
hour to convince an obstinate ami Fedel'a
li!t, that this expression contained no direcl:
rlenial of your being the authors of it ; that
chep ra r eolor>y was futfii lently clearforthe
well born, ai d that men in exalted lhiti—
tins, never aimed at being comprehended
jy those of plebeian underltanding.
Another Jellow, (as bad an anti-federa
, as cither of the former) pretended
that you u ere afh.nned of raifiiig the re
port, became you wanted us to believe
that you h id been litem until applied to,
nn the fubjeft—elfe why fay 4 you wcra
Rlked, and answered lo and so'—This could
not in every instance have been true, fays
this carper, for the chief jullice, on the
morning Genet was expected, flopped arc
acquaintance of mine, and told mm the
»l.nle Itory, although he was alked no
quelHoris about it.—Why yn;i blockhead;
laid I, don't you obfei ve, that although
tile card is calculated to make an illiterate
perfofi believe they had not volunteered
this information, yet a man liberally and
genteelly educated, will ealily discover on
a third or fourth reading, that they had in
fowie instances graciously made the com
munication to feme per fa its who did not
trouble themselves to nfk any qtieltions a
bout It. it is well replied, laid this crea
ture, you have fatisfiecl me on this head,
lor I was buly, and had made Corfiderable
proprefs in obtaining certificates, tha 1 the
chief-jufiice, as ionn as it was in contem
plation to address Citizen Genet, became
as brify as a bee in circulating the story,
which with fonie weak persons had the e'e
dned effect.
fhis impertinent fellow was scarcely
:iifpatched, when another of file foule anti-
Federal stamp. ftrutied up and made hii
fancy remarks on your card. ' Methink%
r ays he, Jay and King, (ior I protest he
gave neither of you a title, which (hocked
my federal delicacy dot a iittlif) had better
mind the bulinefs they are paid for, than
to propagate such idle tales against the mi
nilter of our good all'ies.' This was pro.
iiouiued with a look so fierce and angry,
that I dared not open my lips in your fa
vour, for- fear of being huflled out of the
coffee- hotife.
1 he moment this furious jackanapes
talked away,another ruder fllll stepped up,
mil v. ith a temerity, aifumc'J only by anti
k deraliils, questioned even the ptirity of
your motives—'W hat end can it answer.*
id this ipipudent railer, ' at this critical
moment to provoke a war between France
and America, by treating their minifler
with open difrefpeft—Our papers teeni
with libeis against him—Not content villi
inonyuioiis fcurriiity, the officers of go
vernment conie forward,and by ambiguous
"id dark innuendoes endeavour to deprive
vin not only of public confidence, but o/
the common civilities of life—Had half as
milch been laid of the Englilh ambaflac'or,
the printers v ould have been profe'e iitfc.il
tor a libel, and we should have seen the
judge* as Unanimous against thetn
as they wei'e in (he cafe of poor fientield.
It Mr. Gtnct has acted improperly,- irt
God s name why don't the Prelident resent
it ? It the peop e are to judge him, why is
not his offence mare accurately definud '
Surely they are not to give a verdlit upofi
the loose jesuitical trfFiiiionyalready bctoi e
thuhi.' • Kir my < . i part, ' Oontiniicd
this brawler,' Ido not fee what the r;eo
pte have to d» with this bulinefs. VVnile
our government receives Mr. Genet a*
amball.i'jr, it is indecent in others not tp

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