Newspaper Page Text
From the Fayetteville Gazette.
THE Americans are censured by the advocates of Monarchy, for fenti men tally, if not practically efpoufmg the cause ef France, considering little or no thing in the cafe, but the TexceffeS and crimes which the people of France have been led to c«mmit in the course of their revolution. Were there only one point of light in ■which the fubjeft could be viewed were there nothing to be contemplated but the massacres, afTaffinations. lieentioufnefs, See. ■which has sprung ou£ of their state of conftifion, their clalning interests and ifri tatcd passions ; every friend tojuftice, hu manity and good order, could not but re probate their cause as well as proceedings ; because, were thin in fact the cafe, the object would be no other, than a dellruc tiou as the bonds of society, and filling the wofld with all the evils that flow from Jicentioufncfs, with a view to an even tual remedy. But in this (lite of licen tious disorder, which now prevails in France, is involved aYi ohjeft of moment ous concern, not only to that nation, but to all Europe—perhaps to all mankind— "an ohjedt which cannot be detached, let the views and designs of the prefeat lead ers in France be as they will. Independent of every connette'd consi deration and circumllance, as well as of private views "<nd public declarations, the main question, as the real object of contest, now referred to the sword for decision, by France and the combined powers, is whether a monarchical government (hall be re-eftabliihed in Fiance, or whether a republican government (hall remain ? This is ihe objedlof the war, in which mankind, either directly or indirectly, are pretty generally interested ; so much so, that there are but few who do not feel an an xiety about the decision. But before any man can rationally join his good wi&es to the cause, either on the one fide cr the other, it is requisite for him to determine •whether a monarchical, or republican fyf tem of government, is bed calculated to communicate and secure to the people the greatest degree of social happiness ; that being the only rational objedl of govern ment—For to cfpoufe a cause without ex amining and Heterming on its merits, ar gues prejudice and partiality void of reason- For my own part, I candidly profefs an attachment to republicanism, and a dif approbation of monarchical systems.TThis' s preference proceeds from certain conside rations, which are briefly these ; Monarchy, in its original state and cha rter, is indivifibl; and absolute, and has for its general and primary objeift, the ag grandizement of the monarch. To attain which fully, it has some particulars, as se condary obje&s of attainment; as ift. Ihe exaltation of the monarch a bove the people, to a supreme rank of ima ginary dignity and glory. The intention df which is, to gratify a spirit of pride and vain glory, ana to inspire the minds of the people with sentiments of awful fear and reverence. To this end, a monarch, the moment a crown is put on his head, it transformed, as if by magic, into something supernatu ral, and becomes deified ; for, from that instant, he arrogates, and claims certain attributes, titles and epithets, which no man hath a right to claim ; they being applicable only to the supreme being. 2d. Another object of the monarch is, to be established beyond the reach of ac countability. He will therereforegive no account of his conduCl, either public or private to any man or body of men, nor become amenable to any law. He holds his person as sacred, and in point of any human law, he declares himfelf immaculate. 3d. Another objtiTt is power and wealth H'.s will, therefore, is the supreme law, and he claims the unqualified submission of the people, together with the property of the nation, either in the gross altoge. ther, or in detail, as befl answers his pur poses. These claims, in their operation, debase the people, and render them poor, dependent and servile ; strip them of that dignity with which human nature is cloth ed, divest them of every tfTential right, and leave them no alternative but that of o bedience, or punishment. Slaves, there, fore, in fact, are the fubjefts of monarchs, let their nominal condition be as it will). This is a material otjedl with monarchs, for without a contrail of poverty, uebafe ment, and menial subserviency, the power, wealth, and splendid magnificence of roy- •ilty, could never appear to advantage, ior fliine forth with that resplendent lus tre which the vanity of monarchs aspires to —neither without this, could they prose cute to their projects of ambition — and 4th. Another object of monarchy is conquest—a monarch therefore, claims the right of quarrelling with other mo narchs, whenever, and upon trhatever pre text he pleases ; and of setting his flavfs or. the (laves of others, to murder, plunder, biir 11 and dellroy, to render wretched and mjferable millions of poor creatures, who have no personal animosity towards each other ; and who would remain in fafetyj peace and content, were it not for the di.' abolical pride and vanity of monarchs. The evils and miterks of war, are natu ral and neceflary consequences of monarch ical ambition, and all monarchical fyflems; for, in royal eftrmation, the mod tremen dous displays of the power of the sword, is the very height of human glory ; and therefore a bufintfs proper for monarchs to be engaged in—lndivifible and nbfohrte monarchy then has in view as its object 'lie aggrandizement of the monarch, and i» a neceflary means of its attainment, a fa cn'fice of the liberty, common interest and happiness of the people. In latter ages, and in some nations, mo narchies have undergone alteration! they have been modified by participation and limitation, and in some inltances it is fup po'ed, that this modified fyflem isi render ed in the highest degree perfed. Let examine this matter a little, and fee how far mankind are benefited by it. The only material alterations made in a monarchical government since its origin are—a participation of power, wealth and dignity, and a reftraim laid on the exeef live exercise of the despotic power of the monarch, together with certain rights and privileges, stipulated and granted by the crown, to the people, which naturally re fulted frqm the nature of those limitations. This however is not the c*fe in all nations There appear to be two original causes or reasons for such alterations and modifi cations. The one was, a fear in the mo narch of overthrow ati'd deftruftion by the power or intrigues of influential am bitious men, (landing alone as he origi. nally did, and unlupported by any perma nent attached interest. In all nations there are men of pride and ambition, who never could be con tented to fee any one man monopolizing, and exclusively enjoying a il the wealth and dignity of a nation. Men of this are commonly pofTeffed of wealth, and frequently have in their power to influence a party fufiicient to overthrow the mo narch and seize the crown. History re cords numberless instances of this nature Monarch*, therefore, being in danger from this fourca, follnd it neeefiary for their own security to participate with others in power, 'wealth and dignity ; to create a new inteteft, and incorporate in it the in terelt of the Crown. On this ground stands the nobility, in their various orders and ranks, distinguished by various titles of artifice clothed with imaginary dignity, derived from the polluted source of mo narchical arrogance—endowed with ex ceflive wealth, wrefled, originally, out of the haiids of the people, by the despotic arm of power ; and all rendered hereditary and unalienable by sovereign will and plea sure. The nobility, therefore, patticipat ing with the crown, and being intimately connected therewith, became, and now continues to be, a permanent and fubflan tial support to it, and defence against the ambitious views of individuals. Very few instances can be produced of the nobility riling up against the monarch, unless in cases of competition. We find then that tne original intention of creating such an interefl—-of ideally ennobling certain men, and participating with them in wealth and dignity, was for the security and defence of the monarch in his afllimed rank, in his airogated claims, and in fuppott of his sovereign will and pleasure, and not for any benefit the people could derive there fiom, or any eflential, neceflary purpose a nobility could answer, in a rational system of government. , A FEW COPIESOF THE transactions Of the Society itijlituted in the State oj New- \ ark, for the promotion of AGRICULTURE, ARTS, and MANU FACTURES, May be had at this Office. [Price half a hollar. J To be Sold or Let, Tha t °l't' I handsome, well-built three story new house, situate on the east fide of Couth' f ourth.ftreet, near the Indian Queen, Philadel puia. J his ntuation is vji U ;ble, being in a central part of the city, 3n d convenient to the banKS and public offices. The house is 25 feet in front, and> with its office-., extends nearly ioc feet backwards. It has theprivilege of an'alle-. 4 2 fee: »mc The offices are three llories high', and, together with the house, art built of brick : thefecontain five apartments, befio'es a walh house, and tour o. them have fire places. In the dwell 'ng oufe ltfelf, there are nine rooms and eighi fire places .• fix of the rooms are fpacioxis, and al falhlonably finiflied. The garrets are ceii=o : th< fta.r-cafe ,s elegant. There is a good cellar unde: the whole, and in the yard a pump. And to be Sold, *3'° Acres ofunircproved land.iS miletjfrom th< thriving toWn of Harrilburg, Pennsylvania. Thi tradt lies in a vale,, and is said to be verv goo< (arming land. There are one or more mills neai the premiles. The river Juniata is about fiv, miles dirtant ; whence it is boatable into the Suf juehanna, and thtnce to Harrifkurg. Also, A difiraWt rtrrtat, or farm, in Newtown, th< county town of Bucks, Pennsylvania : contain mg nearly;, 5 acres of land, naturally very rich and now highly improved. It it surrounded on al fiees by public fueets or roads; and may, with orefent advantage, be converted into town lot; chat w.Truld prove of growing importance. Then is a commodious brick h»ufe upon the premises, two ftorie. height, having four rooms on n r, a 'paCious entry or paflaje throughout, anc a cellar extending under the whole hotlfe. It i.< we.l accommodated with out houses. About thre< a,c occupied by an orchard of the bed graft ed Newtown pippins r distant from Philadelphia 25 miles ; from Trenton 9 ; from Eiiftol 11 j anc IS Witnm five miles of the river Delaware. Th. ntuation 1, extremely healthy ; the profpefls ar< charmingly and the neighbourhood arioris a genteel society. Bcjldei the above, Two corner lots in the town, of one acre each are ortereu tor lale, together with about 16 acre: 't excellent land, half a mile from the town under the belt culture and implement. Tw, or three of these acre? are in timber. Liiiwifc :t be Sc.'J. An cflmailt farm of J3 t. acres, in the count) of C-ieifcr, >9 miles from Philadelphia : 100 acre ot which are ps the richert bottom. The wiiol, fl this land elljoys a kind, „ n d fertile foil >s well watered, and ad mil ably adapted to th raising of grain and all kinds of stock ; at prefer there are nearly ;o acres of made-meadow, am 20 or 30 more ot watered meadow ma, he madi at plea/ure : about 200 are luxuriantly covere, ■vith « variety of valuakle timber. Upon th prem.fes, theie are a farm house, barn; i-c. never-tailing Itre.m of good water, ar.d'a mot productive apple-orchard covering about fix acres the fruit of a good and lading quality : the pur thaler may be accommodated with all or any par of the (lock or farming utensils upon the place I he pofi.ion of this farm is important, lying 01 both .ides of the main road, and bounded south . y b > th « t" Philadelphia through Down ing-town whence it is distant 12 or 1 3 miles On tile noith it isboundrd by the road to Warwicl Furnace, situate but a few miles oiftant. At thi point, the premises enjoy a capital stand both so a ore and tavern, and also an eligible fituatioi tor a village, which would here have fonv commanding advantages, and might be an objef to any gentlemen wiihing to found an estonfivi and profitable settlement. On the one fide, ii has a dircft communication with Downing town ; and with the rich and populous fettlemes Ot Coneftogo valley on the other, both lying with, in a short ride of the place. There is already 1 market here tor produce at the Phil.delphi.ipr.ices — the neighbouring iion-works creating a conllani demand. Plenty of good iimeftonemay be ha ( within 5 miles of the premises,. aod a rip-lit t« make use of it will be conveyed by the pionrie. tor if required. In fliort thi. farm deserves th, attention ol any pe.fon or persons inclined ; c avail themfeWcs of aovantages such as those ii ponefles. _ I he title to the several premises are indifp,, ta ble ; and the proprietor will warrant to defer,c them. The terms of sale, for all or any „f tht lands, will be made accommodating to the purcha fers. For farther particulars, apply to the t!ib Icriber, at No. 6, south Fourth-street, oral hi (lore, the corner of Market and Thi.d-flrects Philadelphia, ROBERT SMOCK. 8* ». w. t. f. WANTED, INTWO OR THREE MONTHS, AN APPRENTICE To A REGULAR APOTHECARr. A Youth nor less than fifteen or fix'eet years ot age, with a suitable education ant good moral chafer— For further parti culars enquire of the Editor. 2avvtf METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS. August 1793* <r rj D - H Barm.Tbtr. IV, n i. | IVcatlc Tuesday, 27 . 6 3 0. 2 6 j N.E. CUutly. 1 N.F. do- H'cdn.Jduy, 1%. 6 30. 2 67 ~ 3 3°- M So calm Ch a „r f Tburjd.y, 29.6 30. l 6 ?2 T^rciTuir 3 J£lii| 86 S.W. Fair. ?r,da U 30. 6 30. , ?4 -7^ 3 3"- 1 87 S.W. do- Saturday, 31.6 30. o 74 S.W. (Rain. 3 30- O S4 N.W. Fair. Sunday, ~ 0 j„. „ 7 , 777. 3 29. o S6 S.W. Fair. Monday, j. 6 » 9 . s _ w# f— 3 29. Sj S6 , do. a'j; PRICE CURRENT. . Dollars. Cents. (100 Cents make 1 dollar. J AhES, pot per ton I3o j ——pearl ditto 134(1 to , 4 od Batoft, flitches per lb Bto o C moulders do ' Beef, Boston per barrel j, d —Country do Jd/oiad Beer, American in bottles including bottles per doz. i d 74c —'—ditto per barrel Bees wax per lb 26c 2 g c Brandy, Coniac per gal 90C ~ loc —common do Soc to Bj c Butter in kegs per lb loe I2c Cneele, Country per lb 8c 12c En £l''h joe Chocolate .0 " /11 „ . 20C Coal per bufliel 24C ~ Codfifh per cwt ~1 . Coffee per lb , J c Copperas per ewt id'67c Cordage, American per cwt 7d 6-c od Cotton per lb 2d ' c Max per lb ~ r v Flaxfeed per bufli. Flour fuperfine per barrel 6d. common . Bur-middlings, best Meal Indian per bbl, 2( 1 s>c Rye, do , d . Gin, Holland per cafe 66c —— per gallon 80c c OC Ginseng 20 c 24c Gunpowder, Fine glazed per qr e 4 d 2 C Grain, Barley per buihei ,d 4 Bert Ihelled per bushel 6-c Buckwheat per buihei JL Indian coin ferfey, do ££ Oats „ Rye ■ Wheat icoctoiso J" ms . P er lb , 9 c to ,oc riemp, imported per ton wo d , Jot , 6 ——American per lb 4C ' -tides, raw per lb rr . " lOpS 2&C rloaey per lb Indigo, Carolina per lb id id »c~ : French , d 30 c id 6 7 g Lron, Bar per ton g l£ j Caftitigs per cwt Nail-rods per ton ioid ,\c !,' g f 24* Sileet I 7 5d c Irons, fad per ton i 3 l d yc Lard hogs per lb 9C f, Leather, foal per lb 17c 2cc Myr'lewax per lb , 2C> Molasses pergallon "-cc Mustard, flour, in bot. per doz. id soc —second quality, per doz. g- c Nails, 8d lod i2d and 2od per lb. 10c Oil, Linseed per gallon 16- OIiVC . S7C — per " fe 5d los Tepper per lb 3 g Q Pimento ° £ itch P" bbl id 73 c'2 9 d Porter percuik 6 London per doz K | boc Ainer. bot. inclu. , ( | g oc Pork, Burlington, per bbl i6d 50c Lower county , 4d -Carolina IJ( j Rite per cwt 3 d 4S £ Rum, Antigua pergal ,j Barbadoes o- . Country, N. E. Jamaica I( j < Saltpetre per cwt i +; ) , !c Salt, Allum, perbufh Cadiz , . l ic c Li(bon „_ c Liverpool SnaUeroot per lb 20C4 ,, Snuff, per doz. bot. 4 d jd d c P er !b o^cX-r- Soap, Brown per lb t '~ > White g_ Si arch per lb - c Sugar, tfavannah, white, per lb 14c ,6c Brown joe nc Muscovado per cwt od id Lump per lb Loaf, (ingle refined, Z"l double ditto til Tallow, refined, per lb " Tar, New-Jersey 24 gal per bbl j ,1 —Carolina, 32 gal 2(1 Tea Myfon per lb 93 c rd , 8c bXT" 5 «' Tobacco, James River, best 4,1 >4 Inferior , d Olri ° B , , 67c Kappahannrtck - , c Coloured Maryland sd 12c fid P ;uk . 2d 4 cc Long-leaf , d 40c Laftern-fhore 2 d 2d e;c Carolina, new 2 d yc I Old , d \ Turpentine per bbl 2 d 3% I Wine Madeira, p. p. i;6d 22 fc d 1 sod 126,1 Teneriffe per gal 6 jc Sherry y OC t Q I( j 2QC • - 1 . — — —. PRINTED BY CHI LD S and S WAINE. at 7KII > •rrrcs so. i o q, hich-.tiiii, t*ZA* ri/TH-STR KIT, 'KJLADti.ru J A;