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By P. FRE NE A U: (at No. 209, Market Street) Publijhed Wedkesdats arid Saturdays, [Three Dollars per annum.]
Numb. 92 of Vol. ll.] *S'. A T U R D A Y, September 14, 1793. jit a Meeting of a number of Farmers at the house of Citizen Levering, on Saturday lafl, the following Remonflrance was agreed upon, to be presented to the LegiJ'aiurs oj this Commonwealth. To the House of Representatives of the State of Pennsylvania. The Remonflrance of the Yeomanry, anil others, Citizens of Pennsylvania, RefpeUully Jheweth, Tb it IT is declared by the Constitution of our country,that" the citizens have right in a peaceable unnner to aflemble together for their common good, and to apply to those inverted with the power of govern ment for redreTs of grievances, or other purposes, by petition, address, or remoii ftrance." Supported by this authority, and as free citizens of an independent Com monwealth, we consider that the right of giving our opiuion on public measures, is iufficient to impose on us the duty of call ing your attention to several laws, by which a few \vealthy and powerful citizens liave been embodied, and are authorized tc dig Canals and make Turnpike Roads for their private emolument, to the de!tru£ti on of public and private property. Shoule those laws not be repealed, but become precedents to (imilar laws, the liberties ol the people will be deftroyefl by incorpo rated companies enjoying partial and dan gerous privileges. We consider that Under every legal go vernment, whether the foveifeign powet is exercised by a king, by an ariitocracy, or by a popular afiembly, the People are entitled to be prote£ted in their lives and properties. The social compart ensures those rights, and at the fame time eftablifhe: a perfect equality among citizens, that a! all lay themselves under the fame obli gations, and make the fame Sacrifices t« society, all ought to enjoy the fame pri vilfges. Laws made contrary to these fundamental principles, are made in vio lation of that duty which the Legislature owes to the People, and therefore mull be regarded as arbitrary and unjult. A natior is obliged to preserve everyone of its mem bers. The nation owes this to itfelf, flncc the loss even of one of its members weak ens it, and is injurious to its own preserv ation. Those who comjtofe a nation are united for tneir defence and conimon ad vantage, and none can be justly deprivec of the protection of the union, or of the advantages which flow from it, whilst he a£ts the part of » good citizen. If the go vernment has a right to take one acre oj the property of the farmer, Without hi: content, and bellow it for the advantage of a privileged company of citizens, it ha: the fame right to deprive him of his whole farm. In whatever country, or undei whatever form of government filch an a buse of power is exercised, there can onl] exist matters and Haves—The theory o: such a government is falfehood and mock ery—the practice is oppreflion. Nothing appears more absurd, than to esteem anj ait right andjuft, merely becaule it has the fanftion of the legislature. If our right: have no other foundation, they are as inse cure as under the ilioft despotic monarchy. What encouragement to agricultural im provements, if the property of the farmel is at any time at the zbfolute disposal ol others?—if that power which, when re ftraiaed within its just bounds; would dis pense light and heat to the whole country, may be employed like a devouring flame to destroy ? It is a matter of the firft im portance to a free commonwealth, to have the powers of the legislature defined with preiiifion. We do not thifik it neceflary to enquire into the extent of this power. The history of governments will furnifh nothing Satisfactory on this fubjeft. In the disputes between Sovereigns and the people, recourse is commonly had to histo ry, to seek in the decilions and in the an cient cultoms of nations, examples or facts to regulate the judgment, but these histo ries, often dictated by fear or flattery, ex hibit little more than the most horrid a buses and opprellions on the part of the So vereigns, and the too ineffeflual druggies of the people to preserve their liberties. There does not exist a country in which she just limits of the Sovereign and the rights of the people have been preserved. But it is not to the customs, to the exam ples, nor even to the eoncsflions of other nations, to which we appeal 011 the present question ; it is to the unalienable rights of rtje people, i: is to veafon, it ii to justice, it is to the enlightened understanding of th« representatives of a fret people, We observe with great anxiety, wealthj incorporated companies taking poffeflion ol public and private property. The outrages c*mn!itted by those privileged orders, have already occaiioned several hundred of dur fellow citizens to appeal to the legislature ;or redress. The inequality introduced by ftich eitabli(hments,muft deltroy the liber, ties of our country. No obfervationjs bet ter fup()orted,than this that, a country can 'ot long prefcrve its liberty, where a great nequality of property takes place. Is it not lerefore the molt dangerous policy fn this nfant republic, to combine the wealthy in irder to mike them powerful ? Whilst we contend foi - an equality of rights, we have no idea of the juliice of an equal divilion of property. We know tliat a difference will always take place in society, .according to the pbyfical and acquired abilities of its members, and this inequality so far from Deing a source of evil, is the true basis of jublic prosperity ; it invites the members if the fame society mutually to aliilV each Jther, according to their various abilities. This mutual exchange of good offices is leftroyed, and the commonwealth endan gered, whenever by arbitrary and partial aws, a few men are incorporated, and made fufficiently powerful by privileges ind wealth, to purchase, or to deitroy, the and rights of their fellow citizens. Influenced by these principles, and en gaged in an'occupation, not only necessary :o the existence of our country, but which .Ve know to be produ£tive in proportion o the liberty, independence and security >f the farmer, we trull that the legifla ure will neither think our requell unrea onable or Unjult, when we pray to have liofe obnoxious laws repealed, by the au :hority of which, companies have been in-' :orpoi ated to dig canals and make turnpike roads, to the Injury of public and private iropcrty. An Set of this kind, howerer it night be censured by a few interested in lividtials, would not only be consistent with the ftri&eli principles of jilltice, but :ouliftent with the ftri&eft principles sup- Jorted by precedent. Vattel observes that he prince or superior of the society, what /er he is, being naturally no more than he adminillrator, and not the propri etor of the llate, his authority as fo reign or head of tbejiation, does not of tfelf give him a right to alienate or dispose if the public property. The general rule .hen is, that the superior cannot dispose of be public property as to its fubltance. It :he superior makes use of this property, he alienation he makes of it will be inva lid, and may at any time be revoked by his "ucceffor, or by the nation. This is the aw commonly received in France, and i> ivas upon this principle that the duke of Sully advised Henry IV to resume the pof :'eflion of all the domains of the crown, alienated by his predeteflors. The records of the legiflatureof our own country afford an honorable instance of fubllantial jiillice in the reltoratioi) of private property ta ken from its owners by law. On the me morial of Dr. William Smith and others, trustees of the college, acadeniy, and cha ritable fchcol of Philadelphia, a law was enacted by which the former law was re pealed, and the property restored to the owners. ExlraEl from the Log Book of the brir SALOME,Capt.Hugh Wajfonfhatfailca from Havre de Grace the 2d. of Jfunt laji, bound to Philadelphia. "QN Sunday, June 2d. failed from Ha vre de Grace. Nothing remarka ble except occurrences of wind and wea ther, till Wednesday June 19th, when at 6 A. M. saw a (hip Handing to the westward, carrying a heavy press of fail. At IP. M. having neared us, and firing a gun, we took in oar studding fails, top-gallant-fails, and llay-fails. At one quarter pall 1 the (hip rounded to, & gave us a Ihopt. We then rounded tp in like manner, and hove a back the main top fail, when (he came up, ind hailed us, From whence we came ? It was answered, From Havre de Grace and sound to Philadelphia. He then ordered js to hoist out our boat and come on board if him. Answered, by the captain, that lie had no small boat on board, and that the long boat was very heavy, and so full of sundry goods that he could nor, pofiibly, hoi it her nut. Upon that, they got out their own baat and came 011 board with an officer and fix handij. The ship then (hot ahead of us; then luffed up till her fails werf aback, and dropped along fide. So unskilfully did they manage matters that we expected her every moment to be on board of us. Her spanker topinlift caught our ftarbord topmast studding fail boom, and carried away both fore yard haufe and and studding fail boom. By this time the boat came on board, with one officer and fix men, as before mentioned. The offi cer ordered captain Waffori to Ihow his papers; which he did. He then ordered him to get in.o the boat and go'on board the ship. This was also complied with. Daring the <aptain's absence, the officer and two hands were left on board, whom the officer ordered to go below in the hold, and make a search. They soon returned, faying "it was so d—d full, they could fee nothing." At 4 in the afternoon the captair returned on board, with a prize mailer and fix men, with orders to conduct the brig into Liverpool, as a prize. At 5 P. M. the Egglifh boat returned on board theii Ihlp, not forgetting to lteal two loaves oi Pngar and two fniall pigs: we begged them not to rob the brig of her stores. They handed up the two pigs, and faic ihey had nothing e|fe. They were ther 3efireJ ta reftorethe loaves of sugar thej jad Uolen—Anfwered. 11 You lie, you for if a b—ch ; if I had you here, I woulc knock your life out of you."—They ther landed up one loaf of sugar, and said the) lad no more ; and so went off, with the brig's Itores.—At 6 in the evening the boal jgain came 011 board : they then searched :he pa&engers' trunks for warlike arms ; ound one or two cutlafles, and two 01 hree pair of pistols, which were willingl) ;iven up them. The boat was nowdif latched again to the armed Ihip for hant ind When lhe returne3, ad irrllinf, capt. Waffon, they said, "Capt, ?ou must luffer yourfelf and your mate tc ieputin irons!" Captain Waffon anfwer ?d, " just as yon please." They, howe ver. thought better of the matter, and faic 10 more to capt. Waffon about his nto irons. At this time there was a fail n fight, when they hailed the boat to come in board the fliip; they then took off rom the brig, one cord of wood, one do- Si 1 of tpwU, two cutlasses, two small words, three sword-canes, two pair of iocket pistols, not forgetting to steal two liore pig 3, and to heave a close-stool over board that was for passengers' use. The :ane-fwords, pistols, and other swords be jonged to the paflengers .N.B. The second ieiiteii.mt was the officer of the boat, and eeing him, when leaving the brig, wish a pig in his hand, I said, 44 Don't take away our pigs."—" D—n them, replied he, why [hould we let the b—s have theiri ?—That however, was not the last boat that came 011 board. At 10 P. M. the Ihip tacked to the southward in chace 6f a fail that was to wind ward, and left us under or ders to proceed towards Liverpool, as un der suspicion of having French property on board. We continued standing to the eastward till Sunday, June 23d. under convoy of the privateer, making towards the port of Li verpool. At three P. M. on this day, saw i ship bearing down towards us. At 6 (he poke us; bidding the prize master to ast with thegreateft precaution, an<l telling lim that was a prize that was following iim; the captain of the ship then hailed iur prize master, and allied him how he ared ? the prize master answered, "he -ould not wilh for better." The captain if the Eftglifli veflel answered, "I am ve- T happy to hear it." At the fame time liere were two fail in fight standing fouth >vfeftwar«l. He said that he would go and ee what they were. In a short tifne one it those veflels got a stern of us,then wore ind flood for us, and in a little time spoke .is ; he asked hs from whence tt'e came ? The prize master answered him, "from Philadelphia, and bound to Havre de Grace —What are you loaded with ? Anjwcr, Sour—"What Ihip is that a head of you? Aijvier, a Liverpool privateer of two and tweuty guns.—"Where is flie bound to? Anjwer. to Liverpool.—The people 011 board of the French ship (as she proved tc be)'called out, a prize ! a prize ! —then or dered us t« wear and stand to the west ward, and said he would hoist out hi: boat for the captain and the privateerfmei to cotr.e 011 board of him. The boat having come along fide, capt Waflbn and some of the Knglifh privateerf men went on hoard of him, leaving onlj two officers & five of their men in the brig. At 10 P. M. captain Waffon returned on board with orders to proceed on his paf lage towards Philadelphia, and take lour ol the •jjie pas- Numb. 196,] fengers in the brig were pver joyed at this fortunate release, gave the French fliip three cheers, and we then made fail. Dur ing this time the Liverpool privateer made all poflible fail to get off. The French privateer, that released lis, was called the Republican. [The Salome arrived at Philadelphia on Friday Sept. 6th.] ADDRESS To certain holders of Public Securities. [From the (Boston) INDEPENDENT CHRONICLE of September 5. TT is suggested, (with how much propri ety I will not pretend to fay,) thatJome individuals, who are largely concerned in the public flocks of the United State* (peak very indifferently with refpefl to the republic of France—write against the nati onal proceedings with acrimony— treat the miniiter of that nation with difrelpect and in all their conduct seem disposed to favour the Brjttjh, in preference So the French. To this class of people this address is par. ticularly dedicated, and as I mean to ar gue as it aftecls their interest, they mud excuse the plainneU of the cominunica tion. In the firft place, gentlemen, please t® recollect what nation in Europe enabled the people of this country to vindicate their "S a j nlt tlle "furpations of Britain, and a lifted them to accomplish the great buliuefs o. the American revolution? V\ hat nation patronized our cause at an early period, and under whose a furan,e and protection did Congress declare our independence P-Whofe navy fectired our extensive sea-coasts from deftruflion ? Or whose soldiery flood as a breait-work, to check the ravages of Britons and Hef. fians, through our defencelefs villages When our paper became Wllrft depreciation, from whence were .heie states supplied with a permanent cur rency?— Who l'uppqrted our commerce -.tiring the war, or on what nation were oills of exchange drawn, at 33 ,-•? pe r :ent. difcount?—ln short, gentlemen without enumerating particulars, (as thousands mult anfe in your minds) what European nation gave a permanency to our public debt, eflablilhed the liberties of our country, and enabled vou to e»ioy under your own vine and fig-tree the various luxuries of life attendant on your inunenfe pecuniary acquisitions ? It isarefleaion worthy of von feri-s ous confideratiou, that unless France had become the ally of America, the debt con traced during the war, instead of being; uncer the direction of out ovjh voierti* meat, and in ibe hands of uur ovjn citizens. would have been, charged to :hefe /lata, and th? British government would have illumed '■'the r'ght to tax us in ail ca/es " tor its discharge. An "ASSUMPTION"of the 1110 ft aggravated nature would then have :aken place, and you, gentlemen, instead at.the p.eaiing prospecTs which now pre ent themselves to your fancies, would with the reft of ytjur countrymen, have jecome a group of contemptible vaff„ls ind condemned to toil for the emolument if a numerous body ol task masters, acting, jnder the controul of an incensed mini fy. . Pardon me, if I enquire whether fomt 3i you hare not ,amassed your fortunes under the friendly patronage of the consuls at 1-ranee r During our content with Bri tain - di .j| rlot jotne of you experience the molt liberal advantages from the nation, whom we then glijried in calling our ally 3 Was not the utmost confidence placed in your negociations, and did jon not then consider yourselves highly favoured, in be ing within the focus of their contracts 5 The benefits you received are too evident to be concealed, neither is it prelumed that it is your wish to difclaiiu vour con nexion. If there are any of the holders of our Public Securities, unfriendly to the cause of France,no men can q£tmoreinconfiftent with their own interejl. I would alk fucli provided France lhculd be conquered by the combined armies, where is the security of your present funded property ?—From whence are your quarterly payments to arise (-Do you fuppole that the Britifli nation, after subduing France, will tameiy States to raise a revenue for the difcnarge of a debt contrasted in a rebel lion (as they would call it) agaiuft them f —Do you flatter yourselves that the fame appropriation of finance will then be ner fliUted wider the dir«ttiunof *ur o-.vn. jo.