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from Nantz, in 50 days; he informs us.
liiac he left that city the 14th July, and that for 15 da>s previous to his departure it was belieged by an army of'bc .ween 60 and 80,000 royalists or insurgents; that the city was defended by 50,009 national troops, who were aided by the inhabitants ; that the generel after viliting the-different ports, and guarding securely the ciiy, made a salty upon the enemy witli 30, goo chosen troops, at 10 in the morning 011 the 29th June; he met a warm reception from them, and thecontell continued the whole day. At dark, the national troops returned, leaving the insurgents, who in the night retreated to theii fortification, about nine miles from Nantz. The day capt. Hen tlerfon failed, the 1 general marched from the city with 35.000 troops, in order to at tack the insurgents in theirencampment — he was to be joined with an army of one fiundred thoufatid men from Paris, with a line held of artillery—and it was generally believed at Nantz, that the 2 armies would utterly dedroy that of the rebels* Tlu people in the city had been much alarmed for their fate .luring the (iege, but had re covered their fpiiits at the defeat of the royalifls,-and were under no appretienfions of a second attack. it was impoflible cc ascertain the number killed—upwards cf 100,000 men were fighting nearly 10 hours, and the firing was inieflant—it was suppo sed there were nearly 20,000 killed and wounded 011 both (ides. The general would not give a datement of the killed and wounded of the patriots—the-latter mult live been conliderable, as the trumpeter! "Went through the c : ty, requeuing the use •of the spare beds of the inhabitants for the "wounded soldiers, which was immediately -complied with. The insurgents were poorly armed, ma ny of them having nothing but long wood en spears—but they have been iafatuated to such a degree by the obstinate prietls, their leaders, that tjiey evinced great va lour, marching up to the mouths of the patriots' field pieces. Many of the pri soners who were brought in, declared their v/ifhtohave died in battle 011 that day, (St. -Peter's) as the priests told them that Saint ivould deliver up to the (lain th« keys of ■heaven, and permit them 10 march therein! A volunteer artillery officer, who fre quently dined with capt. Henderfon, in formed him that in pursuing the retreating insurgents, for three miles f bey were o fcliged to drag their field pieces over the dead bodies of the enemy. A gentleman in this town has received a a letterfrom his correfpoideiit at Cadiz, informing of the (hortnef of the crops in Spain, andthegreat scarcity of grain—Hour "Was 4ql. fterlingper barrel. Citizen Freneav, ' "T HAVE anxioully considered the nature - 1 of the malignant fever, which has for Jfome time raged with so much violence in Philadelphia. It appears to be the.putrid yeilow fever of the Weft-Indi»s, which also occurs in many other countries, during a long continuance of hot weather. Th fyiiiptoms of the disorder are pain and Jieavinefs in the head, (icknefs with an in -clinatiou to vomit, anxiety and oppression about the region of the heart, a feebk jmlfe, great prostration of ftreugth, and .«lefect cf perspiration. Whether with some medical authors we consider the redundancy and depravatior of the bile, as one of the causes of the disorder, or merely as a symptom ; it i .generally allowed, that if it isnot immedi ately removed by proper evacuating medi -cines, it becomes afecondary cause of ir ritation, and supports the disease. Some eminent phyftcians conlidering thi; •disease as ariling wholly from debility, con fine their method of cure to cordial, flimu lating, and tonic remedies; the cold batl is particularly recommended, and is said t< have been efteilual in removing the difeaft in twenty-four hours. This plan was re commended by Francis Pearce of Sant: •Cruz, fourteen years ago, in a letter to Dr Lettfom, of London. Had this elegant anc easy method of cure been found gencrall) -fuccefsful, there is no doubt it would b) this time have been universally adopted ii: theiflands : on the contrary, we find eva luations in the commencement of this dif <eafe are dill thought absolutely necefl'ary. The symptoms and hidory of the disease Joint to two indications of cure— r. To remove congestions in the abdo minal veflels. 2. To remove the atoniaof the extreme ■vessels, and promote perspiration. The disordered state of the ftomacll and "bowels indicates the neceflity of having the firlt pafl'ages cleansed by vomits and purga tives. To answer these intentions, the pa tient on the firlt appearance of the disease should dilTolve three grains of emetic tartar in a pint of water, and take one third every half hour, until the deiired effect is pro duced. As a purge, eight or ten grains ol calomel, united with the fame quantity ot jalap,as recommended by our worthy ci tizen Dr. Rlifh, is equal to any. I would rather increase the quantity of the mercu ry than jalap, because whild the latter acts inerely as a purge, the former has some «tf'e£t as a general dimulus on the fyfteai, and therefore tends to remove glandular ebUru&ions, and to promote feeretion tlie ("mailer veflels. In "the prefent a lu " >ng fever, which has increased beyond the power of regular medical afliftancc, every family/houW be provided with the above medicines, by the early use of which, the 3r<?at danger of the difurder may be re moved. A medical gentleman now redding in Philadelphia, who for a number of years had an extcnlive practice ill the island of Jamaica, informs me that it is common in that place for the -type of the yellow fever to be changed to that of a remittent on the early and l ee use of Evacuants. May not the alteration oWerved in the appeara: ce of the fever in Philadelphia, be attributed to a Innilar mode of practice now adopted by the physicians, in the )>lace of bark, wine and opium, with which they at firft attack ed the disease, to obviate the symptoms of debility ? Some physicians object to purgative me dici»es in this disease, from their taking oft the determination from "he furface : but this objection applies only to violent dras tic medicines, which we by no mean re commend. Dr. Hutk. who was for some time in the French and Spanish iflmds in the Weft Indies, after describing thefymp toms of the most malignant fevers,obferves —'■ I have more than once seen this fever with all tliefe symptoms, carried olf by bleeding,and exhibiting within a few hours from the firft attack of the disease, a me dicine which operated pretty briskly both by vomit and fool." In a continued putrid lever, which takes place every year in the island of Java, Bontius fays, the evacuation •>t the si, ft pafTages is the principal part of the cure. Dr. Lind, in his Efiays, giving direftiens lor the cure of the putrid fevers which at tack ftrangersin warm climates, observes, :hatthe chief objeit of attention in allfuch Fevers, are the cSnteuts of th« (lomach and nteftines. Our second indication is to remove the itonia of the extreme veflels. This I :onlider of not less importance than the rormer, but which is too frequently ne jleoted, to the great danger of the patient. The perfpirabie matter and other fluids 3eing confined in the small veflels,for want jf power in those veflels to perform their proper functions, soon becomes putrid, therefore a neceflity of the immediate ap plication of stimulants, to t xcite the action as the vtrflels.by which the fluids contained n-them may be discharged, oth'erwife the putrid matter titfelf soon becomes a pow erful sedative, and produce* coma, le thargy, and death. At this Fatal stage of the disease, b'ifters hare been universally recommended ; but a putrefa£lion of the lltiids contained in the vjfcnlar and cellular Fyftem having taken place, the application of this valuable medicine is generally at tended with no otheradvantage, than for a (hort time to rouse the patient from his Hate of lethargy. Baglivi, an eminent physician of Rome, highly recommends blistering plaifters, ir fevers accompanied v\ ith a very low pulse, a coldnSfsin the extreme parts, anxiety, a iropenlity to sleepy disorders,& other marks as coagulation. Dr. Cullen, w hen speaking sf the cure of the plague, recommends Lilif :ers tc~ake off directly the spasm from the urface. Blisters were conlidered merely as Umulartts. and used as such by the Arabi ms, who firft invented them and brought :herr.i;nto >use. Conlidering Cantharides is a /general and powerful Kimulus, why lot mike trfe of this valuable meJicine in :he firft .*tage of the disease, to remove the itonia of thevelfels. This desirable pur- FH.fe might be effected, and a general per piration promoted at the fame time, b> initing the tin&ure of Cantharides with ar 'qual quantity offweet spirit of nitre and intimonial wine, of which mixture fifieei: Irops might be taken every three hours, beginning early in the disorder : During ;he use of this remedy, plenty of diluents, :amarind water, and acidulated drinks, hould be made use of. After the removal of :h<? tever, and the violent symptoms of the Jiforder is abated, a nourifliing diet, wine, ind the cold bath, should be made use of :o restore the tone of the system. I luve not mentioned Bleeding in this liforder, because, except in very plethoric tiabits, I do not think it neceflary to the -ure. Moll authors, as well ancient a; modem, generally agree that malignant Fevers by no means admit of bleeding yet Sydenham and Aftruc administered it ir all cases ; and Huxam and Pringle allow it may be performed with advantage under certain circumstances, ejpecially in the ke linning. Huxam allerts, that where there is a redundance of blood, particularly in Prong and plethoric habits, it is absolutely neceflary, and fhouid be done as early as pofiible. As to the do£trine of antidotes, to pre vent the contagion, it is as vain as the doc trine of charms. The only method of preventing the operation of the contagion, is to put the body in a state superior to it, by cold bathing, generous but temperate living, and particularly by keeping the body cool and open by the use of laxatives. We find children who are generally in thi; state, generate less bile, and are less fub jeft to the disease than the young and mid dle aged in whom the bile abounds. GEO. LOGAN. Sept. 18, 1793. Qlfervations on llse late i nJlruHiotts to Britj/l Jta commanders : Addrejftd to theparticu lar confederation of merchants, farmers, and artizans. i'.' roln The (Boston) Independent Chronicle. lute additional instructions given at St. James's, to tlie commanders ot his majesty's fiiips of war and priyateers, &c totally detlroy the free trade of these dates, which we are entitled to as a neutral pov.'- tr. i ho' we are acting Itriftly within the bounds of neutrality, yet we are reducec almolt to as bad a lituation, as it our commerce, as if we were a&ualJy al war. The exportation of the produce ol this country, of corn, meal, ;.ud flour intc any port of France, is absolutely prohibit ed, and this whole trade is now monopo lized by the British. Tliefe enumerated articles are orderec to be feut into the Britilh ports, not to bi fold at the open market, lor the higliel price that can be obtained, but to be pur chased on behalf of his niajefty's govern ment, and at such rates as certain agent: u.ay think fit to give. The ill after probabl) to receive his pay in exchequer bills, whicl may be at a depreciation of iO percent. Let any merchant judge how this will operate 011 his property, not only from the price of the articles being greatly re ■ -iced in the British.ports, by the quantit) Lnt in, but from the exclusive t a Hum ed oy government, to purchase tlfem w.ith uut any competitor, at such rates as the) may please to allow. It is probable, from :hu mode, that the American produce will be fold to government, at a much less rate han it colt in America. But it is answered, " that the marten at such (hips, on giving due Jecurity, to be approved of by the court of admiralty, art icrinitted to proceed to the ports o't an> country in amity with his majeity." This :laufe rqere tiuefl'e, to give a' plijufible appearance of gcnerolity and equity to the :ranfa£tion; tor every man mult know :iiat the diihculty will be so great to obtair :his " due security," that no master wil. >e able to take any advantage from this ap parent indulgence. The 2d article exposes every Americaf fctiel to condemnation, as the commander: ji his maj-effy's (hips of war, privsteer« &c. are licensed tofeize all (hips, " WHAT EVER BE THEIR CARGOES," that hould be found attempting, after a certair leriod, to enter any blockaded port, anc :o Tend the fame to England for " CON- By this article, ths :rade of this country to France is entirelv ieffroyed ; as it rests solely with his ma efty to declare any porf to be blockaded, ind all veflels cleaned out for such port, • whatever be their cargoes," are fuhjeci 0 condemnation. T he state of the American trade, not ■vithftanding our neutrality, ftanrfs thus : 1 he Englifii Weft-India illands are by aa >f Parliament expressly ihut against us— jur navigation labouring under every em jarrallhient and reltriaicn in the English )orts—our fur-trade cutoff by retaining iur frontier ports—and our veflels and car goes forfeited, (hould we attempt to carry 111 any trade whatever, with the only Eu ropean power that offers to negociate with us on the terms of reciprocity. A bieiled situation truly! CAMillus anil PAcificus come forward and vindi cate the lenity of Britain ; continue to blall [lie Ft ench, and vent theirfpleen against the only nation that seem disposed to be friend us. Is it agreeable to the modern usage ol nations, that neutral veflels, " whatever may be their cargoes," Ihould be Cent into the port of one power it war for " CO\- DEMNArION," for attempting to enter the port of another ?—This is a stretch of authority never before praftifed, and in fact is a wanton display of arrogance, too humiliating to be submitted to by a sove reign nation. If our trade is so completely deranged, whence are to arise our funds for the pay ment of our public debt ?—A serious con lidcration this even for PACif icus, unlefa a LAND-TAX is recommended by him Co make up the deficiency.* It is probable by the next European mips we fliall hear, -whatports are declared blockaded by his majesty, and without doubt every port in France will be conlicfered in that predicament; also their Weft-India 1 (lands, provided a Brjtifh cutter is sent to cruise within certain latitudes, to effefl the " indemnity" hinted at by Mr. Fox in his late speech. The unfriendly difpofitton of Britain to wards this country, we may expedt) will be fully discovered under the fantfion of Ins majesty's late " inftruaions." Our WEST-INDIA TRADE, FISHERIES, and every other valuable branch of com merce, will ere long fall a facrifice to the tmparrafleled » USAGE" now adopted by tins nation. As they have prohibited the American trade to their Weft.lndia illands they will now endeavour to destroy what n e carry on with the French. This effort will be made under the extensive, unlimited plea, ot preventing fnpplies to places de clared by his majesty as blockaded. 11 is a serious reflection to every citizen of these dates, that notwithstanding our neutrality, \ye are thus cxpofed to such gross iilipoffioni. .* a mitral natio* can ;my measure be i ,ore unjait than that our vejlels and cargoes k ■ hatever they may be) fbould be fubjeft to "condemnation," Ihould we attempt to fend therti to any place which his majelty may pieafe to declare blockaded, even though they are article* which the LAWS OF NATIONS never fpecihed or conceived to be contraband > CAHcnv7^ Vm MA J JiK th "R. CaKGOES, are expreflionsr/hich. likea fpnnge, itrilce at one dash otir whole na vi gation with the French nation, and of confluence throw trade altogether under the coiitroul of theßritifh. Provided this is fuffered to be practiced whence are to arise our commercial advan tages as a neutral nation ?— So far iron, bung curriers for the powers at war we are deprived of being our own carriers, unlets to such places as the king of Great! Britain, in his great goodness, shall condef. cend to permit us. It is hoped that C.ngrefs will be fooit called together, that the energy of our eo. i eminent,in its legislative capacity, may be exercised, fpccdil y to baffle the deflruci ive measures systematically pursuing by the Enghfli to destroy the commerce ol these Hates—7 he promotion of our navigation and the fuppert of our- national dignity' being the fundamental principles in the adoption of the Federal Conflitution, it i. presumed that our political fathers at their next meeting, will enait such reflriitive commercial aas, as will eft'eftually retaliate on t,ie arrogant ineafures of the British, and confine that haughty domineering nation at f" c u llhin tlle b"»nds of decency and mc deration. Merchants !— Farmers !—Arti sans . of Anjerica—your interefls are im r' rt ate COliCtrned ' n 'tis important bu- A consistent Federalist. / rom the Richmoni) and Manchester Advertiser, oJ~•September 9. I T has become a question in this try, whether the citizens of Richmond and its vicinity, at their meeting of the 17th nift. were not at leaf}premature ? in their censures obliquely thrown again!! the I rench Minister.—l his measure ft ems t® have taken rife from no better foi ndition, than the 1 »niour of some insult said to have been effered by the Minister to the Presi dent of the United States, evidenced by a ceitificate of a very lingular complexion under thesignatures of "John Jay" and Kuius King" in the following words :—'• New-York. CERTAIN late publications render it proper for lis trt authorise you to inform the public, that a report having reached this city from Philadelphia, that Mr. Ge net, the French Minilter, said he would ap peal to the People from "certain decilions of the President; we \\ fre asked, on our return from that place, whether he had made such a declaration—we answered 1 hat iie had, and we also mentioned it to others, aulhorifiHg them to fay tkat we had so informed them." "JOHN JAY. "RUFU3 KING." These tvvo gentlemen have been so long 111 the practice of the Carthaginian virtues, as to have become perf<?a adepts, in all their crooked mysteries, and te the adroit ness of their former exploits, this certifi cate w ill add one more /unourable tejii mony. The certificate furnifiies neither the time, plflce, nor circumftarees, attending tile expredion. It is not stated, whether it was the refill t of some convivial humour; whether the (udden ebullition of the mo ment, preceded by some palliating cir ciimltance, or whether it was urged in his official communic'atianj with ihe President. If it were used in either of the twofirfl cases, it would not feein to merit that fe -1 leufnefs, which tlicfc two genrlemen hava annexed to it: If it were used in the lat ter cafe, the public would still remain un informed, in what manner and by whi'/e ---injlrumentali it liasfouiuUta way to the public ear. The executive council of advice usually conlifts of the secretary of slate the se cretary of the treasury, & the atto'ruey-ge neral. Communications from foreign mi- H illers refpeaing the affairs of their ivfprc« t've nations, are very properly kept fecre.. A promulgation of them by any member of this council, would be a gross breach of frelidential confidence. The President's alfcnt alone could furnifh n juftificstion for uch condua. It cannot be prefamed, if the fatt allerted of the minilter be true, and done 111 his official capacity, the Presi dent would fanftify its. promulgation wltfc, his aflent. Such a measure would not ly be an avowal of the inability of the Pre lident to protea himfelf from insult, by means of his constitutional powers: but he would thereby exhibic himfelf to the world of nations,as the discoverer of a new species o Punishment for foreign minilteis, to w it, an unqualified surrender of them to the public, to undergo the wanton flagellations of the press. It is thought the President i« not emulous of" the honour of the discove ry, and would not feel himfelf compli mented if the public fliould infill upon as cribing it to him. Hence it would not leew to tie fair/y alVeruined, that the