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National gazette. [volume] (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1791-1793, October 26, 1793, Image 1

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Rv P. FRENEAU-. (at No. 209, Market. Street) Pub Mud Whdnbsdays and Saturdays, [Thres fer annum.]
Numb. 104 of Vol. 11. J
For the National Gazette.
Mr. Freneau.
YOU are requeftti to insert the following
tetter from the Secretary of the Tren/u
---ry, to Air. Amlr'vi G. Frounces, if New
York, with theJub/iquer.t Remarki.
ALBANY, Ott. I, 1793.
as you are, whai
*-* answer could I give to your last let
ter ?
The emlofedis a copy of what will (hort
} j appeal in one of the Gazettes of the city
uf>'ew-Y»rk. " '
Mr A. G. Fraunces."
" ONE Andrew G. Fraunces. late a clerk
in the treafory department, has been en
deavouring to have it believed. That he is
poffefTed offome fa£b, cis a nature to cri
minate the official conduct of the Secretary
of the treafory i an idea to which, for ob
vious reason«, an exteiilive circulation has
keen given, by a certain description of per
sons. The public may be assured, that the
(aid Fraunces has been regularly and re
peatedly called Ujjon, to declare the
ground* of his fuggeflion, that he has re
peacedly evaded the enquiry, thst he pof
fefles 110 faifs of the nature pretended, and
that he is a defpicabli calumniator."
Remarks #'/ the Foregoing.
The Secretar)*!> intimation, that ihe pub
lications brought forward by Mr Fraunces
have been encouraged by " a certain des
cription of persons," appears to have been
suggested by a spirit cf acrimony. When
the federal government was firft intro
duced, there were two descriptions of
men, who openly avowed the principle?, ol
federal fin and aiiti-fVdtralifm. The fede
ralifts, were those who -claim to the
appellation for being s jainft discrimination,
and becoming purchafsrs of the public
debt; and in julhfication of the Secretary's
official conduct and oath of office, many
have offered to come forward as volun
teers, and mike oath that he never has,
either directly or indirectly, Speculated :
And moreover that the funding fyiVem, be
ing a divine iiiflitution, Mr. Hamilton was
chofeu to receive and promulgate that law,
as Woics did the ten commandments.
Therefore, this defer.ptlon of men cannot
be chargeable with any representation,
that might in any wife calumniate the se
cretary or alienate the public opinion oi
his meritorious Services.
The other description of men are those
called anti-federalifts, who Herein favour
«fdi (crimi nation } who deny the divioitj
of the funding Uvv, and declare thewholt
•Fit calculated to accmimodate the fore
going description of men ; similar to a pi
tent granted by his royal mjjelty Georg*
the second, to a Mr. Wood, to coin haIJ
pence in Ireland. These halfpence were
worth in the market about a 20tli pari
of their nominal value. Old brass was
made a tender in payment of all debts due
from Mr. Wood and his alT'ciates, but cos
receivable tor duties, in the king's treafHry.
or in payment of a-iy Salary, or debt t» any
officer of government. Nearly similar to
this were final settlements issued and tend
ered in payment of all military services, in
lieu of gold and silver, and afterwards pur
chased up by government and others,
from 2/6 to 1# is the pound, with other
monies : and if Mr. Wood and bis confe
derates, after receiving the full.amount ol
their fictitious m»ney, had purchased their
half pence from 2/6 to I}/ in the pound,
and his royal majefly had approved oi ac
import (to be paid in gold & lilver only) on
aIJ the ivjceflaries of life, tu redeem ihore
half pence, the two cases wo.uld have been
exactly similar, and the people of Ireland
r.yld, as the soldiers of the late army are,
'/y did yownot ketp your nominal half
pence until they became real ones ?
The fears of the Secretary that this
iefcriptian cf men, are pursuing him, is as
natural as the fe»ts of Herod, that John
the Baptist, whom he had beheaded, was
come back upon the earth to torment him.
How enviable might have been his feeling!
at this moment; what a quiet and eafj
•onfeience would many other opponents of
ii/crimination at this hour have maintain
ed, had they preferred the simple path of
plain justice and common honcfty, in re
fpeft to the army.—But there is a worm
that dieth not, which amidst their immenli
ty of ill-gotten wealth, will continue to
gnaw the minds of a certain description of
persons, that have thought the labourer
cot worthy of hi « hire, and arc at this hour
SATURDAY* October 26, 1793.
rioting i:i the enjoyHjenC of immesfe
wealth extorted from those who ar», lite
rally, perirtilngfor a inarftfl of bread t
Oclobtr 22, 179 J.
SAtuhday, Otiober 26.
The following returns cf the late elec
tion for Governor of this Commonwealth,
may be depended on as authentic.—City
of Philadelphia, votes for Governor Mif
flin. 438 —county, ditto, 569, Buck- 608,
Chester H72, Delaware 309, Northamp
ton 804, Montgomery 1402, Berks 2070,
Cumberland ios4, Northumberland 1443,
Luzerne 352, Alleghany 889, Franklir:'
1422. Total 12,53-?. — r F. A. Muh
lenberg—Philadelphia city 129, county 242,
Bucks 469, Chelter 168, Delaware iiy,
Northampton 755, Montgomery 768. Berks
1345, Cumberland 359, Northumber
land 514,' Luzerne 205, Alleghany 19J,
fran'ilin 1023 —Trtnl 6,258.
The Common Councvl of the city of
Ne\».York have presented five thousand
dollars to Mr. Clarkfon, the mayor, for
:l'e relief of the poor and dillrefied of this
Extract of a letter from 3altimors>
Otiober 17.
•' This day arrived in this port the ffin,
» Britffh vetfei, prize to the French priva
/ateir the Citefi of Bourdeaux, mounting
16 guns, and now cruizing on the coast.
The fame privateer has already captured
lve Englilh veflels, whose value amounts
:o 3 millions of livrea. The His' cargo is
:otton, coffi-e and turtle. French Cit-efs
s the fame frights that had a very severe
fngagement with an Englilh frigate, dn
ing t<vo d»ys, and forced her to retire."
\DDRF.SS from two French Physicians-os
N»w-York to the Citizens of that Ca
In the prrefent calamitous fifuation of
and after the precautions
■vhich the magiftrati s of this city have ta
ten againlt the contagion there prevailing,
.ve, chief physician and surgeon of the
Trench hospital, have thought it our duty
o publish, monthly, the (late of the said
lofpital. During the month 6f Septem
ler, fix thoufaiul nine hundred md ninety-
Mie persons have applied at the hospital,
which (with the deficiency of .»»<) makes
>33 sick persons per day. Of these fix rtnly
ire dead. The firft died of 3 peripneu
monia propensity; two others of a con
"umption ; and the three last of the con
equenccs of a dyfeniery. Since the ap
proach of cool weather, we have had fe
deral patients seized with fiuxtt, which
«'<? coufider as proceeding from stoppage
if perspiration, and not to be treated with
) simple vegetable regimen.—We take the
present opportunity to cxprefs our regret
it not having seen a fatisfaftory account of
:he symptoms, nature, and treatment of the
Tialady tha* has raged in the city of Phila
delphia. It has been generally reprefent
rd as tihe yellow fever of the Wejl-lniies.
But that species of fever is not contagious.
On tlie contrary, it is a bilious fever of an
extremely difl'olvent and corrolive nature-
In its beginning, it is a fort of cholera
morbus, and towards its termination, ap
proximates to the malady of Siam. Its
.o«flituting ca-ufe is the depravation of all
he humours of the lower belly, and prin
cipally the bile. In fev-eral bodies that
we have opened, the gall appears of a refi
1011s,pitch,yconfinency.foinetifues in a fluid
[fate, but extremely acrid, and of so fer
mentative a quality, that it would ferment
upon a brick. 111 this state it is so very
:orrofive that it produces a gangpene, pier,
ring and lacsrating the cqats of the intef
tii;e< where it is confined. It a£fs very
much like Itrong poisons, in its effetfs re-
Cembling the poison infufed by the bite of a
riper or rattle shake. This disorder gene
rally proves mortal ; but it is not of an In
fectious nature, ar.d most certainly ought
not to be treated with strong purgatives,
fuel) as mercury.
Others have said, that the malady in
Philadelphia was the irenu'ne putrid fever ;
but of what kind ? For there are many
gradations of the putrid fever, from the
simple putrid xo the plague. Amongthefe
are included the small pox, Pringle's jail
fever, malignant remittents, maiiU-fevers,
and ths> p«itilem':al iever.
It is true, we may suppose that * timple
putrid fever, and chiefly the dysenteric fe
vers, fii. y become thv origin oii spreading
contagion, if the neceftary precautions art
not courageoully t3ken, and the cleanness
and neatness of a city fcrupuloirfly attend
ed to, which is Urifily requifite.—lt is a
fact rtjat every contagions disorder derives
iti origin from some feat of tufto)on ; tht
principles of -jihichxre known, such als ftsg
natiiv waters, which have become putrid
after long, hot, and dry fummfrs ; all pla
ces where the air is unhealthy may be feats
of tnnf'gion, such as hospitals, prisons,
links of neceflary-houfes, fi.iughter houses,
common fewer?, butcher's Halls, burying
grounds, &c. &c.
One should be upon the spot to trace the
origin of the disorder in Philadelphia : but
we are inclined to believe that the preci
pitate abandoning of tht fir ft persons tin!
were taken lick ; the terror that took pof
feflion of the minds of the greater part of
the inhabitants; the custom of interring the
dead bodies in the interior of the city ; or
*11 these causes united, may have contribu
ted to spread a disorder, whose ravages
would have beei far less considerable
among a people of firm minds, and careful
in point of cieanlinefs.
Hofpitstriy received as we have been bj
J benevolent nation, it is otfr bufmefs tC
üblerve every dung without preftiming tc
rialse uncandid criticisms. Citizens ol
New-York, susses Us to to you
how many canfes of infeftiou eiift in this
city. The public docks being neglected,
there exhales, at low water, an execrable
[cent, (uflicient of itfelfto fprend an infec
tion. A mephitic vap«rr ahfes alft
from your burying grounds, Itill mors fa
tal. Perhaps some religious or political
principle prevents the citizens from iiiter
ring their dead at a diltance frcrnt the
town, and hinders them from refleftijn; on
the great dangers proceeding from thefq
repolitories oi death, so near the habitati
ons oi the living. Nothing obviates their
constant fatal eftefls, but certain favoura
ble circumflancesof seasons, the difpolition
ami temperature of the air, &c. which pre
vent their always occalioning an epidemic
licknefs, the dangers of which you stand
less in tear of than we are willing to think
prudent. But if all yonrfutureprecautions
[honld not prevent calamities, (iinilar to
ihofethat have afflicted your filler city of
Philadelphia, we both think and fay, thai
it is not in the day of battlp that the officer
ought to fly-■> A physician, if he even was
certain of falling a facrifice to the disorder,
lugfit reverthtlejs to remain at his pofl ana
learn Hon* to die.—LE TE.NDR.iv, j.
New-York, October 7, 1793.
Theobjefls of the co"iibine(l powers now
leagued againlt France, appeaj to be as
toliows :—
The Enclilh and Spanish fleet* to irivefl
the Frencn sea ports 111 the Mediterranean,
to attract the attenticn of the Republi.c tc
that quarter, and to ajfift the Sardinian]
in recovering their conntry ; and in enter
icg France.
The' Spaniards crolEng fh£ P^reneef, art
to penetrate into Franc?., and by fapturinj
the fortified places, to eltablilh a cordon pj
posts fufficient to prevent the introduction
of French principles into Spain ; [r; welt
might they /tribe to prevent the northerly
Wind blowing into Spaing and to affilt in
the re-eftab!:fliment of the refra&ory
priests—The fleet under Lor<l Howe ii
sent to la&d a force in Jiriitany, to aftifl
the rebels, if any are left uncgnrjuered.
ThePruflians are to enter Alsace and jLpr-,
raine :—The Auftrians to mar_e!i in the
Duke of Brunfwick's track to Paris, and
the Englifli to attack Dunkirk- This .is
the work said to be cut out for the present
campaign; whether the French will pot
spoil the fafhion of the fylt, .is yet in thej
womb of time } and cannot be
under a number of weeks.
Seme l-oßvlon papers mention the cap
ture of Dunkirk by the Engli(h, witb tlie
loss of 150 fail of vefl'els ,i.n the harbour,
captured »r destroyed. Other Engllih
papers as late as Aug. 12, xngntipn jt .only
as an event that migHJt probably in a few
weeks take place.
In the Theses published ,a! the late corp
mencement at Yale College, it is aflpaed.
that "in the eclipse of the fun on the day
us the crucifixion, the ir.o«n, coatrpry to
the laws 0/ astronomy, was ehfcrve.d ,to
Ctipie under the f|il> frop» the east, and ar
riving at the western limb of his diile, to
(fart back, and witfc a retrograde motion
t« return, and go down in ths east,"—-The
[Total Numb. 208,]
patronizers of laid Theses have been called
upon for tlte evidence, or authority, upafl
which they would support the aflertion.
. Six or seven of the inhabitants of
beth-Town, in New-Jersey, have sent 150
dollars to the mayor of this city, to afljft in
relieving the distresses of the poor. New
port, in Delaware state, bas contributed
300 dollars for the fame charitable purpose-
Vlany oi,?r towns in this and the neigh
bouring states.are preparing to follow their
example. The people of Trenton, we
hear, are liberally contributing to the
relief of their fellowr men here, at the
present distressing criiis.
[From a Correfpoßcfent.")
" if, as has been said, the toss as a
life, is if mere (onjejuertce to the world,
than all th: advantage; derived from the
uje as gun powder, wilt tht great ntil'ty
of Pkrvyian Bark. Wine, and LAXJ
DANVi-I, compu J&te for the death ant (te
(lruciin'l that have universally followed the
nfi cf thoje articles, in the malimtsint
The Mahometans, it is well known, are
confirmed predellinarians ; and are not ta
be deterred by the Tear of contagion fronx
attending their brethren in d. ft re Is froni
the ravages of thepUgiie.Qrotlier i'nfeftimis
diftetnpers. The mil)akesof rhe head ex
pand the heart there \yith the tide of hu
manity. The dying have thpirexij smooth
ed by the tender offices of si iendtfiip ; $r,d
thpufands ara snatched from an untimely
grave by the force of a happy prejudice. Ic
is true that many qre (hereby plyjiged ipto
the plague, who might otherwise bs»*
avoided it. but the evil is far outweighed
by jhi good which refultj from it } for
from tJtefMdy alfifhoce that ij alw-)- q
divert, thn #fte,mner proves infinitely l#fi
f»»al thi(Trlf»T«r!p othtj~wlfebe.' How dif
rptjp tljeif cpnduct from what thp gfseraji,
ry of' people have n®flifefted in thifi city,
' The fulfen doc.-, yet jtminfp£led, its
cautioijf hings
bearing to turn, abh»f> fViety ;
Dependants, friends, ielaiionj, Love Jjimw
savjg'd by woe, forget the tendef tie.
Thfe sweet encasement vf the feeling
Extract cf ? letter from ap gen
tleman at tff h'if f/Uiyi id
Virginia, dated Augjift 29, 1793."
" You will no doubt "hear before this
reaches you, that the Fi'ep.rfi h?ve loft twi
Fortresses on the northern Frontier. The
importance of these place* will fee cpnli
:lerubly piagnifiej vyiihyoii—one of jke<n if
without doubt, a place 6f confulerable
fire-ngth 5 But if it is computed dearly
;he confederates h?ve paid forit.it
ie esteemed a jrea* bargain. you Ipay
rely, that from fbf comtttencifntyp $f tjhe
iege of Valenciennes to thi
th? combined .army pot lose Left fha*
:en thousand men, the F/y?nch fay pisr)y
ifoyble that nymbfr-r—th* lose JHefl oiafiiy o*
the Auftriaris. The &rmiicJ* of situ gawi'-.
[po has fwe tl their ,co.ujury ;■ gjCargf* '
nijed : ftate of the arflfqr ,»fter ti# tffifjpprf
as rath, tijiaj the
migbt have advanced veff c*irfiderj£Jy
withoot a etaefc. fegf'of
V*lenci<tiw.«*AD4 Coftik, thp
orgapiaed, and fp te\ofarfe4
defiance tp the f6(r,cher approach cf theu
enetnie?. We ;bav,e tjw
French jh.<gp r fuTrri
uear Mauftcnge, Kj,x j, bay« slot fi&s jtf
letter yft
" y vu' Hjiv*
Pecrae jus Uie
ps eypry !fye<e,ie# 44
(6'k* %VJ
vKnit H> ps.American* I Vtg
•qGi tP .Ps whef ibM ; ipriiV6e#i tl\«. <&&■
yem'm to ftjclppt: ,#e>«6]ne*
troubling-yoii Wft
b.e »je,ry fpi*ijpi fr«m ,t,he J
(hdU only /ay, tftat the lm(e.
feq.t*j|jtitafMifin «f # VSfc 0.
obtain p. difpen,Oition ,ini ,i;h«ir ts§&j
'P W
ffcoofis ,tp jblujit fiy (he Ps .AtthffM
ntft.er -iyiprvsl. fitit .
%.e,would be/vxfic'wnt ,
r.y< I >v«s in Pvi«a
ifa.w.(he Re pre fc (.*"# ,®lf jfc.- -
P.uW'lS. tiW&i
man, the contenlpribve mtfat'Hihhe * glar
ed in, gave me great mortification. 1 Cot. -
troiicti it with the dlSrcttst aia<f^

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