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The Somerset herald and farmers' and mechanics' register. [volume] (Somerset, Pa.) 183?-1852, March 31, 1846, Image 1

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yjcw Scries.
Vol. 4. No. 20.
Cfjc fltgtjt of Zhm. ;
Faithfully flow, thou falling river,
. Like a dream that dies away; - ' .
Down the ocean gliding ever,
" Keep thy calm, unruffled way!
Time with suck a silent motion,
Floats along on wings of air,
To eternity's dark ocean,
Burying all its treasures there.
Roses bloom and then they wither;
Checks are bright, then fade and die,
Shapes of light are wafted hither,
Then like visions hurry by;
Quick as clouds at even driven
O'er the inanv-colorcd west;
Years are bearing us to Heaven,
Home of happiness and rest.
vi. r 1 .
29th Congress 1st Session.
Correspondence of the Tribune.
w ashixgtox, March 13, 184C.
The day is gloomy without, and not ve
ry cheerful within this Hall of Loco Fo
co Legislation. TJ.o .'-'leaking has b en
pretty good on an average, but the dis
pute turns upon too nice distinctions to
make the debate interesting.
The manners 01 my honorable pupils
below arc pretty good to-day. I have on
ly seen one member with a cigar ( a long
nine) in his mouth, and that was not ligh
JeJ, and therefore it did not kindle my in
dignation, and I let it pass. Old' two
members were seen eating apples in their
scats, and two only had their heels on
their writing desks. Tiiev are all Lo-co-Focos.
As this is much better in the
scale of manners than usual I let them
pass, being to-day full of the milk of hu
man kindness.
After the Journal was read, Mr. Gor
don of N. Y. rose to a personal expla
nation. He made some remarks upon
art article in the New-York Herald,
which it seemed did not please him ex
actly, as to his position on Oregon. He
read from the different papers which had
represented him in three di ill: rent posi
tions. This showed that it was hard to
understand him.
The House then went into Committee
of the Whole on the River and Harbor
. Mr. Thompson, of Pa. then address
ed the committee in favor of internal im
provements. A sparring match took place
between him and Mr. Rhett of S. C. a
lout the constitutional power to make
such improvemcrrs. Mr. Thompson in
quoting the authority of different Presi
dents for making internal improvements,
referred to Gen. Jackson, who had signed
several similar Bills. This Bill had been
called a bill of Plunder. If this is plun
der then Jackson was the king of plun
derers. . One gentleman complained that Ten
nessee was neglected. This was not so.
Tennessee had some small share in this
Government at present. Not to descend
to minor things,she had one President and
a Postmaster General, not to mention oth
er officers of this little Government.
But we are told that the South has
nothing. Has not North Carolina the
first Lord of the Treasury, McKay, and
the Chairman of the Military Committee.
"Cries of Militia. Militia then said
Mr. Thompson, and Georgia has the
Chairman of the Military Committee.
It is said that the Union of Purse and
Sword is dangerous to Freedom, and here
we see that the South is clothed with this
doubly dangerous power. rLaughter.
: After continuing in this strain for some
time and advocating fa liberal policy of
Internal Improvements, on the Lakes, he
took his seat. Upon which several mem
bers sprung to their feet, with the red
lightning of eloquence gleaming in their
eves. The most earnest combatants for
floor favors were Mr. Douglass of III.
and Mr. Wood of New york. The
Chair recognized the latter. ,
: Mr. Wood then addressed the Com
mittee in favor of the bill. The . North
River was truly but the strait leading to
the inland seas and connecting them with
the Ocean. Mr. Rhett had. some sparring
with him also in the nice construction of
Mr. W.'s Speech. ... Mr. Wood here
went into s-ome valuable statistics about
the commerce of the Hudson River and
of Albany.
' He chimed to he a Democrat after the
strictest sect, but that did not prevent him
froin voting for what hethought was
clearly constitutional.
" Mr. Vinton, of Ohio, then got the
floor and spoke in favor of the bill. He
is one of the most sensible mm in the
House, and is always listened to with at
tention and respect.
When he took his seat Mr. Adams of
Miss, got the floor, but did not proceed
lor a few moments.
Mr. McConnel!, of Ala.'rose and said
that as no'iiodr teemed to claim the floor
he vnuld oceu"- it himself.
.. The Chair said the gentleman from
Mississippi was in possession of the floor.
Then said Mac.' let him grind on with
his music.
Mr. A. then proceeded to argue against
the bill. Opposition to this measure was
always a Democratic doctrine. He was
not'tojbe bound by precedent Presidents
Monroe&Jackson had been referred to,but
he would never pursue any course of con
duct, because it had the authority of great
names. ' He would not be bound by
great names, however distinguished, how
ever pure -
Mr. McConnell Or however foul.
Though he and his lriends were now
in the minority, he hoped the time was
coming when they would be in a majority
Mr. Severance of Maine next got the
floor, and moved an amendment appropri:
ating $15,000 for removing obstructions
in the Kennebec River, and for facilita
ting nrrpss tn th II. S. Arsenal situated
at Augusta. He then proceeded to advo
cate the bill, including this amendment,
with ability and judgment. Some of
j these very men who now oppose these
appropriations will yet vote for appropria
tions to improve the Kio Grande and
When Mr. Severance took his seat,
Mr. Douglass of Illinois obtained the
floor; and then such a scene ensued as
would have delighted thejbeart of any one
who wished to be savage on the Loco
Foco Members.
Mr. Ewing of Pa. who had been try
ing for some time to get the floor, thought
that it should have been given to him.
Whereupon he made some remarks about
some bargain or understanding to give the
gendeman from Illinois the floor over oth
ers. Mr. Douglass exclaimed, "It is false."
This created great sensatfon in the House.
The political cauldron bubbled more furi
ously. When Mr. D. had proceeded some
time in favor of Internal Improvements,
some of the Southern Loco Focos thought
they would cross question him about his
Democracy. This was a game which
the little Illinoisan thought two could play
at, and he began to cross.question them,
to the infinite amusement of the honest
men who were looking on. This fun
continued over an hour.
The scene beginning to wax hot, Mr.
D. opened his vest, run his hands into
his suspenders, and went into the sub
ject and his own party simultaneously.
He run a muck with Mr. Davis of Ken
tucky, which the Whig side of the House
enjoyed very mnch.
He then ran against Mr. Woodward
of S. C. and introduced the Oregon
question and 51 40 The Baltimore
Resolutions on that subject were the true
text-book of Democracy. To depart from
that standard was to commit treason a
gaiust the party.
Here the leaders came to loggerheads
about this text-book. Mr. Yancey of
Ala. said that the Baltimore Resolution did
not contemplate the Notice.
Mr. Woodward seemed to be of the
same opinion.
Mr. Douglass would rote for the tar
iff", the Bank, or a general system of In
ternal Improvement, rather than vote for
a line one inch short of 54 40.
Here" Mr. Douglass put a hard ques
tion to Mr. Yancey which Mr.Y answered
bv asking as hard a one. Being at even
game, both questions were dropped.
Mr. Woodward finally came out and
repudiated the authority of the Baltimore
Convention, and frankly said he would
sustain the President on the line of 49.
Mr. Douglass And yet the gentle
man had voted for a bill on 54 40 last
Mr. Yancey put a question about pri
vate opinion, and Mr. Douglass inquired
whether he would be allowed to detail
private conversation also.
John C. Calhoun's Democracy was
Mien brought into question. Mr. Wood
ward said that when Calhoun went for a
Bauk he was not in communion with the
Domocracy of South Carolina.
Then said Mr D. that is a strange De
mocracy which supports a man who vio
lates the constitution.
Mr. Yancey had not violated "a single
principle of the Baltimore creed.
Mr. Seddon, of Va. then asked Mr D.
if he thought the Baltimore Resolutions
meant up to 5 4 40
Mr. I), answered in the affirmative.
Mr. Seddon. Then does the gentle
man say that Mr. Polk was false to his
pledges when he offered to take 49?
Mr. Douglass did uot answer This very
plainly. After a mutual explanation be
tween Mr. Ewing and Mr. Douglass, the
House adjourned near 7 o'clock.
Washington, March 14, 1846.
The House met this morning at 11 o'
clock. Reports were called for from va
rious Committees; and several reports,
bills, rcsolbtions," &e, were submitted of
no general importance.
Mr. R. Smith of III. made several at-
. tempts to get his bilL for ' continuing the
! National Road, made the order of the day
j for Monday next, and then for the second
; or third Monday of April. These were
! voted down by the Locos, though sup
1 ported generally by the Whigs.
Having spent half an hour with this
proceeding, Mr. Yancey of Ala. rose to
a personal explanation. rIf he had, in the
debate yesterday,j'used the phrase, preten
ded Democrats' with regard to any of his
political friends in this House, he desired
to withdraw it. This showed Mr. Yan
cey's good sense, for a man is in immi
nent danger for telling the truth in the
present House. There is no question at
all but that some of his friends who vo
ted for Polk are pretended Democrats.
Mr: Douglass of Illinois rose to ex
plain also, and said that he withdrew any
remarks he had made about pretended
Democrats. Laughter, and cries of "You
did not make any remarks of this kind"
, Mr. Donglass observed, amid, much
laughter, that he withdrew any such re
marks that he might have made; (and
well he might have made them.
This was the winding up of yesterday's
spirited fight. . .
The House then went into Committee
of the Whole on the River and Harbor
bill. - . '
Mr. Houston, of Delaware, having the
floor from yesterday, commenced his
speech of offering amendments to the bill,
to wit: That the SI 5,000 for improve
ments at Newcesde be increased to $40,
000, and that the $75,000 appropriation
for the Delaware Breakwater be increased
to 8100,000
Mr. Houston is a young man of fine
abilities and pleasing manners. He sup
ported the bill with his amendments in a
short and able speech; much of this hour
having been wasted yesterday by the Lo
co Foco fight.
Mr. Baker, of Illinois, followed in a
short speech in favor of the bill. He
proposed an amendment looking to the
improvement of the Illinois river. He
made some interesting remarks on the in
ternal improvements of this State.
n Mr. Seddon of Va. offered an amend
ment, the purport, of which was not
Mr. Bayly of Va. spoke an hour on
Oregon, the Tariff", tc. He said he
would not discuss, as others had done, the
Oregon question, and yet he went on for
a good part of his hour to speak on the
subject. He would not desert the Presi
dent if he sould compromise on the 49th
degree, as lie thought the matter ought to
be compromised, and he would not quar
rel with the President if he should settle
on the 51 40 which is not within the
range of possibility without wan He
could not see why the subject was intro
duced. The Ececutive would not be o
verawed by such remarks.
He contended that Government had no
power to make internal improvemenst, ei
ther with or without the consent of the
States. Government might as well fur
nish ships as give other facilities to com
merce. It was inexpedient as well as un
constitutional. But Mr. B. said he had risen to reply
to the gentleman from Mass. (Mr. Hud
son) on the agricultural question. His
people were almost exclusively agricultu
ral. Mr people said he, are farmers.
(What is meant by Mv?) Internal Im
provements and the Tariff" are measures
of the same kind. They are Chinese
twins. Mr. Giles of Md. was under
stood tn chime in Siamese, but no notice
was taken of the correction.
Mr. B. asserted among other things
that there was not an acre of land fit to
be cultivated in Great Britain, except in
the parks of the Nobility, that was not
now in use. This is not in accordance
with my recollection of facts. There
are thousands of acres in Ireland this ve
ry day of the very best kind , of land to
be reclaimed from its original wildness.
So in Scotland and other parts of Great
Britain. Mr. B. consumed the remain
derof the hour in reply to Mr. Hudson. .
He was followed by Mr. Stewart, of
Pa. in a speech of an hour long, every
line of which is worth a golden eagle, if
it could only reach every working man in
the conntry.
He commenced by saying that every
thing whichSouthern gentlemen wished
to pass was constitutional; what they did
not like was unconstitutional.
One of the Southern members asked
him to mention one " measure which was
unconstitutional, that they had defended.
Mr. Stewart replied Texas, and eve
ry thing they wanted to pass.
The West was the step-child of this
Republic, and it had got the step-child's
share, but this would not continue. The
veto of a similar bill last year had rob
bed them of their rights.
Mr. Cobb of Ga. asked Mr. Stewart
who elected Mr Tyler. . -
Mr. Stewart, holding up both his hands,
protested against reviving the memory of
Tyler. No man in this Republic had vo
ted for him as President. The question
was not who elected him, but who sup
ported him.
Gentlemen contended that Government
was onlv to interfere with foreign com
merce!. Everything here was Foreign-
Foreign. Mr. Stewart thought onr own
people deserved some of the attention of
their Government.
He then turned to Mr.. Bailv, and said
he would notice some of his assertions.
! Mr. Stewart then made one of the most
successful attempts ever witnessed in Con-
gresSrto annihilate the arguments of a po
litical opponent.
Mr Baily had talked of England de
pending on us for agricultural productions.
The contrary was the fact. Half of all
the British goods and five-sixths of all
the iron used in this country imported
from England; were in reality British ag
ricultural productions used in the manu
facture of these articles.
A gentleman from Va. here asked Mr.
Stewart whether he would refuse to give
the South a market for their cotton
and tobacco? -
Mr Baily here asked Mr . Stewart a
question about the Corn-Laws, &c.
Sitdown, said Mr. S. and I'll tell you.
Our Corn goes through Canada to En
gland on colonial duty, 14 shillings. The
North of Europe sends its Corn at a du
ty of 15 shillings to England and yet we
have an assertion by Lord Ashburton, by
the last news from the British Parliament
that the North of Europe furnishes 9
lOths of all the foreign Corn imported
into that Kingdom, . What will it be
when the duty of 15. shillings is taken
off from the Corn of the North of Eu
rope? It is a fact -strange, but nevertheless
true that the people of the West in us
ing British manufactures consume five
times as much British agricultural produc
tions as the British do of Western agri
cultural productions. The agricultural
prodncttons ofyhis country are estimated
at one thousand millions of dollars; Engand
takes only about two millions of this.
. The gentleman buys a British manu
factured coat of 20 dollars I buy a coat
at 20 dollars of American manufacture
his money goes to England, half of it for
agricultural productions consumed in the
manufacture my money circulates a
mongmy neighbors, half of it buys wool
from the farmer and the other halt is for
American agricultural productions consu
med by American manufacturers Every
thing done by this Congress seems to be
for the benefit of British commerce, Brit
ish manufactures, &c. Surely it is to do
something for American manufactures.
Why one of our committee-rooms in this
Capitol is now used by the agent of Brit
ish manufactures. He hoped that a room
might be appropriated to show American
manufactures. The British act in unison
with this Congress. We are showing
British arguments, and the British House
of Lords are printing American arguments
against our own manufactures. Mr.
Walker's report, &c. (cries of Sir Rob
ert Walker.)
I tell you, said Mr. Stewart, that if you
break down the present Tariff" the party
now in power will be overthrown, as in
Then, said a Southern Member, why
not go with us?
So I would, said Mr, S. if I loved my
party better than my country.
Mr, Stewart's hour" here expired and
Mr Ewing of Tenn. got the floor.
The committee then rose and reported
progress and the House adjourned.
The Proposed Southern Rail
road. The bill for the Southern Railroad,
from the Mississippi river to the Atlantic
has passed the Mississippi Legislature.
It will commence at Jackson, the seat of
Government, and connect with the Rail
road from Vicksburg, on the Mississippi
river From Jackson it will run through
four counties, contiguous to nine other
counties, andjbe an outlet for the trade of
Colffmbus, Mississippi. It will then
cross the Alabama line into Sumpter, and
through Marengo, Percy, and other coun
tes, to Montgomery affording an outlet
for the gold and mineral regions of Ala
bama and Georgia.--At Montgomery it
will meet the two routes coining together
towards the West. The one is thi road
from Charleston and Hamburg to Atlanta,
in Georgia, and from thence to West
Point, on the Chattanooga, the line be
tween Georgia and Alabama, and from
West Point to Montgomery. The Rail
road, is now in progress, and nearly forty
five? miles completed. The other , route,
from Savannah, Georgia, by the Central
Georgia Railroad to Macon, Georgia, and
from thence the Georgians are about to
make a road to Columbus, on the Chat
tanooga, and thence Irom Girard, opposite
Columbus, to Montgomery, and from
Montgomery to Vicksburg will be the
Southem Railroad.
. The friends of this great work contend
that it is to be the great route .of North
ern "and Southern travel, carrying the
Southern mail. Steam packets, with the
mail and passengers, will then run daily
from Vicksburg to New Orleans.
Now, that all the legislation necessary
to enable it to proceed to its construction
is completed, the question is, how arc
the funds to be raised? The Mississippi
bill appropriates the two per cent, fund
of Mississippi, which is about 8300,000,
given by Congress to this road. . . Of the
same fund in Alabama, 112,000 have
been loaned to complete the distance in
tervening between Montgomery and
West Point. There is also a bill now
before Congress, granting the alternate
sections of public land, for five miles on
each side of the road. Richmond Enq.
tetter from Cap. Bell to the
Secretary of the A'avy
United States Ship Yorktowx.
Kabinda, (Africa,) Dec. 16, 1845.
Sir: I have the honor to inform you
that I addressed a letter to you on the
30th ultimo, giv ing an account of the cap
ture of the American barque Pons, of
Philadelphia, with eight hundred and
ninety-six slaves on board, a duplicate of
whish I now enclose. I was so anxious
to dispatch the vessel iu the shortest time
for Liberia, in order to land the slaves,
and Telieve them from their miserable
confinement, that it was not in my powar
to give you a more particular account of
this vessel. I will now endeavor to do
so, and also state some facts which have
since come to my knowledge.
The Pons, under the commaud of
James Berry, was at anchor at Kabinda
for about twenty days before she took on
board the slaves, during which time she
was closely watched by her Britannic
Majesty's brig Cygnet,Commander Lay
ton. At about nine o'clock on the morn
ing of the 27th November the Cvgnet
got underway and stood to sea. Imme
diately Berry gave up the ship to Galla
no, who commenced getting on board the
water, provisions, and slaves; and so ex
peditious were they in their movements,
that; at eight o'clock that evening the
veisel was under weigh, having embark
ed nine hundred and three slaves. In
stead of standing directly to sea, she kept
in with the coast during the night. At
daylight they were off Kacongo, about
twenty-five miles to the north of Kabinda,
when they discovered the Cygnet in the
offing. They immediately, furled all
their sails, and drifted so near the shore
that the negroes lined the beach in hope
of a shipwreck. Tney continued in this
situation until rr.e.idhn, when, finding
they had not been discovered, they set
their lower sails in order to clear the
shore, and, as the Cygnet drew off' from
the land, they afterwards set their more
lofty ones. Two davs afterwards we
captured her. Her cargo consisted of
Spaniards, Portuguese, Brazilians, and
some from other countries; and, al
though continuing under the American
flag, with probably American papers, not
one Americin was on board.
As I could not despatch her the eve
ning of her capture, she kept company
with us that night. The next morning I
regretted to learn that eigteen had died
andone jumped overboard. So many
dying in so short a time was accounted
for by the captain in the necessity he had
of thrusting below ail who were on deck,
and closing the hatches, when he first
fell in with us, in order to escape detec
tion. The vessel has no slave-deck, and up
wards of eight hundred and fifty were
piled, almost in bulk, on the water-casks
below. These were males. About , for
ty or fifty females were confined in one
half of the round-house cabin on deck;
the other half of the cabin remaining for
the use of the officers. As the ship ap
peared to be less than three hundred and
fifty tons, it seemed impossible that one
half could have lived to cross the Atlan
tic. About two hundred filled up the
spar-deck alone, when they were permit
ted to come up from below, and yet the
captain assured me that it was his inten
tion to have taken four hundred more on
board if he could have spared the time.
The stench from below was so great
that it was impossible to stand more tlran
a few moments near the hatchways.
Our men who went below from curiosity,
were forced up sick in a few minutes;
then all the hatches were off. What
must have been the sufferings of these
poor, wretches when the hatches were
closed? I am informed that very often
in these cases, the stronger will strangle
the we .ker; & this was probably the rea
son why so many died,.or rather were
dead, the morning after the capture.
None bnta i eye witness can form a con
ception of the horrors these poor crea
tures must endure in their transit across
the ocean.
I regret to say that most of this misery
is produced by our own countrymen,
they furnish the means of conveyance in
spite of existing enactments; and although
there are strong circumstances against
Berry, the late master of the "Pons,"
sufficient to induce me to detain him, if
I should meet with him, yet I fear neither
he nor his employers can be reached by
our present laws. He will no doubt
make it appear that the "Pons," was be
yond his control when the slaves were
brought on board. Yet from the testi
mony of the men who came over from
Rio as passengers, there is no doubt the
whole affair was arranged at Rio between
Berry and Gallano before the ship sailed.
These men state that the first place they
anchored was at Onin, near the river
Lagos, in the Bight of Benin; here they
discharged a portion of their cargo, and
received on board a number of hogs-heads
or pipes filled with water. These were
stowed on the ground tier, and a tier of
casks containing spirits were placed over
them. They were then informed that
the vessel was going to Kabinda for a
load of slaves.
On their arrival at the latter place, the
' spirits was kept on board until a few day?
! before Berry gave up the command, cov
ering up the water casks m order to elude
the suspicions of any cruiser. For twen
ty davs did Berry wail in the roadstead of
jKabmda, protected by the flag of his
country, yet closely watched by a for
' eign man-of-war, who was certain of his
S intention; but the instant that cruiser is
compelled to withdraw for a few hours,
he springs at the opportunity of enriching
himself and owner, and disgracing the
flag which had protected him.
As we are short-handed, I have ship
ped those, men, much to their gratification
who came out as passengers in the Pons
from Rio to Kabinda, in order that their
testimony may be taken, should Berry
be in the United States on our return,
and committed for trial. I have landed
the balance of the prize crew here, with
the exception of one who died of coast
fever a few days after he came on board
the ship.
I have the honor to be, with much re
spect, your obedient sevant,
CHARLES II. BELL, Commander.
To the Hon. George Bancroft,
Secretary of the Navy.
Indian Meal in Great rSrifaln.
The Philadelphia United States Ga
zette speculates in this wise on the intro
duction of Indian corn among the English
and Irish people:
Well, when some thousand bushels of
this 'Indian corn' reach the store-houses
of England, and are thence distributed
into the meal-tubs and kneading-troughs
of the laborers, and the swelling heap
shows a double quantity, for . the same
cost, of ordinary flour or meal, who shall
tell them of its use? Who shall say to the
housewife, 'thus shalt thou mix the ma
terial, and so shalt thou "mould the loaf?
Who shall enter into the little laboratory
of the Workingman's house, and lecture
the practical chemist upon the affinities of
salt and lard, hot water, and Indian meal
and who will tell her how long she must
submit her combination to the action of
fire, that it may be for the comfort of her
household? Also, she would be as igno
rant of all the arts, parts, and process of
that work, as were the uninitia'l f.-th
Eleusynian mysteries.
Some time after the introduction of tea
into Massachucetts, a citizen from Cape
Cod came up to Boston, to trade off hi3
fish.' The merchant persuaded him to
take a pound of tea among other articles
of household requirements. "I've heard
of the article," said the Cape Cod man,
"but how is it to be copked.'"
"It must be boiled," said the merchant,
"and is always used when company
comes." .
The tea was taken home, and it was
resolved to be hospitable. Company
was invited to spend the day. At dinner
a fine piece of boiled beef, and another of
good fat pork, with an accompaniment of
potatoes and carrots, graced the table.
"And now," said the host as he looked
in triumph first to his wife, and then to
his guests, whom he served bountifully
with the viands before them, "nclp Mrs.
Besstt to something from that dish."
The pewter spoon was thrust into a
dish of well boiled tea leaves, from which
the water had been carefully strained, and
each, from the architrichlinos down to
the youngest guest, was served with a
quantity of the Ceinese weed, real green
"Taste of that," said the worthy host,
"it is tea, such as the quality in Boston
and Plymouth make such a fuss afjout."
Each mumbled a little of the herbage,
and carefully rinsed it down with cider,
but none ventured to criticse the new
addition to the dinner table.
"Will yoy have some more, my dear?"
said the good lady to the husband.
"Not a leaf more that platefuil cost
fonr and a sexpence, and if it were not
for the name of tea, I would as 'lief have
turnip tops tor my greens as that stuff..
It is monstrous hard chewing, and not
over pa la table after all."
And so, or even worse, it may be in
England, with the corn meal of this
country. It may be made up into form,
or mixed in dilution, until poverty itself
will grow sick of the ingredients.
Would it not be well, as soon as the
adoption by Parliament of Sir Robert
Peel's plan shall be known, to send mes
sengers on a mission of love and profit
to England, to instruct housekeepers in
the use of Indian meal? The new Eng
land Envoy Extraordinary shall teach
the people how to mix the rye and corn
meal, and how to build the lofty "loaf of
brown bread" how to mingle the milk,
the molasses and the meal, (lusciou3 al
literation) and to compose the "baked
pudding." The messenger from Mary
land would instruct in the formation of
"pones," and he of Virginia lecture upon
the composition and baking of "hoe
cakes," and Souih Carolina instruct in
the fabrica i ,n and ase of "johnny cakes.
And thus the poor, meagre tribe, th't
had shrivelled up on oat meal gru, or
been drenched by sour flour and poisoned!
ale, will grow rugged, red an rampant
upon the blood-warming j'c! flesh-giving
meal of maize. Tnen, the mountain
brown loaf of Few-Enghnd would make
the weaver cjo;" fcy 'hovr;H i?

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