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I Si w mm TWO DOLLARS PER ANNUM, 7 HALF-YEARLY Hi ADVANCE. 5 and FAnivisas' - 'and MEGHAHIGS' hesister. IF NOT PAID WITHIN TnE TEAR. ti 50 WILL BE CHARGED. If 1 i 1 It I i 2 PRINTED .AND PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY JONATHAN, R O.W, SOMERSET, SOMERSET COUNTY, PA. Kcvtr Series. TUBSDA3T, APIRL 14, 1846, Vol. 4.-No.22. prinrct'a itioorol Print on my lip another kiss - The picture of thy glowing passion; Nay, this won't do, nor this nor this But now aye, that's a proof impression. The dear one continues ' But methinks it might be mended, 0! yet, I see it in those eyes; Our lips again together blended, "Will make the impression a revise. ItE.IIAHKS OF Ml 1FEBSTE0, la the r. States Senate, March :io, is a;. THE OREGON QUESTION. ' The following resolution, offered some days ago by Mr. J. M. Clayton, com ing up, in its order, viz: "Resolved, That the President of the United States le requested to communi cate to the Senate copies of any corres pondence that may have taken place be tween the authorities of the United States and those of Great Britain since the last document transmitted to Congress, in re lation to the subject of the Oregon terri tory, or so much thereof as may be com municated without detriment to the pub lic interest" ' Mr. Webster rose and said: I shall ad vise my honorable friend, the member from Delaware, to forbear from pressing this resolution for a few days. There is no doubt that then are letters from Mr. McLanc; hut, as the Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations opposes this motion, I am to presume that the Executive Government finds it incon "vinient to communicate those letters to the Senate, at ie present moment. Yet, it is obiious, that as the Senate is called on to perform a legislative act, it ought, before the hour of its decision comes, to be put in possession of every thing likely to influence its judgment; oth erwise, it would be required to perform high legislative functions on mere confi dence. There is certainly some embar rassment in the case: If the Executive "Government d?ems the communication cf h correspondence inconvenient, it can only e because negotiation is still going on, or, if suspended, is expected to be resumed. So far as negotiation is co:i Vcrned, the communication, or publica tion, of the correspondence, may very "properly be thought inconvenient But, then, the President has recommended the 'passage of a law, or resolution, by the two Houses of Congress. In support of this recommendation, he himself sent us,, unasked, at the commencement of the session, the correspondence up to that time. Now. if that was necessary, the rest is' ne cessary. If we are entitled to a part, wc are entitled to the whole. In my opinion, the mistake was in cal ling on Congress to authorize notice to England of the discontinuance of what has been called the joint occupation until negotiation had been exhausted. Nego tiation should have been tried first, and when that had failed, and finally failed, then, and not till then, should Congress h'ave been called upon. I now go on the ground, of course, that the notice for discontinuing the joint oc cupancy is properly to be given by au thority of Congress; a point which I do not now discuss. It is said, indeed, that notice is to be used as a weapon, or an instrument, in ne gotiation. I hardly understand this. It is a metaphor of not very obvious appli cation. A weapon seems to imply, not a facility, or mere aid, but the means either of defence against attack, or of making un attack. It sounds not altogether friend ly and pacific. I doubt exceedingly whether under present circumstances, no tice would hxsten negotiation, and yet such arc those circumstances - that there may he as much inconvenience in stand ing still as in roinr forward. 'The truth is, that great embarrasment arises from the cxtramc pretentions and opinions put forward by the Prssident, in his inaugural address, a year ago, and in his message last December. But for these, notice would have been harmless, and perhaps would have been authorized by both Houses without much opposi tion, and received - by England without dissatisfaction. But the recommendation of the notice, coupled with the President's repeated declarations that hcl.cld our title to the whole of the territory to be "clear and unquestionable," alarmed the country. And well it might. And if notice were required, in order to enable the President to push these extreme claims to any and even- result, then notice ought to be re fused by Congrcs. unless Congress is ready to support these pretensions at all hazards. Here lies the difficulty. Con gress is not prepared, and tndthc country is not prepared, as I - believe, to make the President's opinion of a clear and un questionable right to the whole tcrritory tn ultimatum. If lie wants notice for hh j p-.irnosc, he certainly must sec that it becomes igrav? question whether Con press will grant it. - It wa a great, a very great mistake, to r company the recommendation ol notice with so positive an assertion of our right to the whole territory. Did the Presi dent mean to adhere to that, even to the extremity of war? If so, he should have known that, after what has happenad in years past, the country was not likely to sustain him. Did he mean to say this, and afterwards recede from it? If. so, why say it at all? Surely the President could not be guilty of playing so small a part, as to endeavor to show himself to possess spirit, and boldness, and fearless ness of England, more than his predeces sors, or his countrymen, and yet do all this in the confident hope that no serious collision would arise . between the two countries. So low an ambition, such paltry motives, ought not to be imputed. When the President declared that, in his judgment, our title to the w hole of Oregon was "clear and unquestionable," did he mean to express an official or a mere per sonal opinion? If the latter, it certainly had no place in an official communication. If the former if he intended a solemn official opinion, upon which he was re solved to act officially, then it is a very grave question how far he is justified, without new lights, or any change of cir cumstances, to place the claims'of this country, in this respect, on other grounds than those on which they had stood un der his predecessors, and with the con currence of all branches of the Govern ment, for so many years; for it is not to be doubted that the United States Govern ment has admitted, through a long series of years, that England has rights in the northwestern , parts of tins continent which are entitled to be respected. Mr. President, one who has observed attentively what has transpired here and in England, within the last three months, must, I think, perceive that public opin ion, in both countries, is coming to a con clusion that this controversy ought to be settled; and is not very diverse, in the one country and the other, as to the gen eral basis of such settlement. That basis is the offer made by the United States to England in 182G. There is no room to doubt, I think, that thi3 country is ready to stand by that offer, substantially and in effect. Such is my opinion at least, and circumstances certainly indicate that Great Britain would not, iifall probability would not, regard such a proposition as unfit to - be consid ered. I said, some weeks ago, that I did not intend to discuss titles at length, and certainly not to adduce arguments against our own claim. But it appears to me that there is a concurrence of argument?, or considerations, in favor of reirardinsr the 49ih parallel as the just line 01 de marcation, which both countries might well respect. It has, for many years, been the extent of of our claim. We have claimed up to 49', and nothing be yond it. Wc have offered to yield every thing north of iL It is the houndary be tween the two countries on this side the Rocky Mountains, and has been since the purchase of Louisiana from France. I do not' think it important either to prove or disprove the fact, that commis sioners under the treaty of Utrecht estab lished the 49th parallel as the boundary between the English and French posses sions in America. , Ancient maps and de scriptions so represent it; some saying that this line of boundary is to run "in definitely west,'? others saying, in terms, that it extends "to , the northwestern o cean." , But, what is more important, we have considered this boundary as estab lished by the treaty of Utrecht, at least on this side of the Rocky Mountains. It was on the strength of this that wc drove back the British pretensions, after we had oolained Louisiana, north, from the head waters of the Mississippi to this parallel of 49 V This is indubitable. 'We have acted, therefore, and induced others to act, on the idea that this boundary was . actually cstablishcd. It now so stands in the trea ty between the United States and Eng land. If, so the general notion of conti guity or continuity, this line be contin ued "indefinitely west," or is allowed to run to the "northwestern ocean," then it leaves on one side the valley of the Co lumbia, to which, in my judgment, our title is maintainable on the ground ofG ray's discovery. The Government of the United States has never offered any line south, of forty nine, (with the navigation of the Colum bia.) and it ne ver will. It behooves all concerned to regard this as a settled point. As to the navigation of the Columbia, permanently or for a term of years, that is all matter for just, reasonable, and friendly negotiation. v But the 49th par allel, must be regarded as the general line of boundary, and not to be departed from for any line further south. As to all srraits, and sounds, and islands, in the neighbosing sea, all these are fair subjects for treaty stipulation. If the general ba sis be agreed to, all . the rest, it may be presumed, may be accomplished by the exercise of a spirit of fairness arid amity. And now, Mr. President, if this be sot why should this settlement be longer de cayed?. Why should either Government hold back longer from doing, that which both, I think, can see must be done, if they would avoid a rupture? very hour's delay is injurious to the interests of both countries. ,It agitates both, dis turbs their business, interrupts their inter course, and may, in time, seriously af fect their friendly and respectful feeling towards each other. Having said this, Mr. President, it would be needless for me, even if it were proper, to add more. I have expressed my own opinion plainly and without dis guise. I think I see clearly where this business must end, if it is to end without serious collision; and I earnestly hope that those in whece hands "power is, on both sides, will exercise that power promptly, in removing the great evils pro duced on both sides by the pendency of this unfortunate disturbing, and dangerous controversy. , . j It is not a case in which either Gov ernment should stand on matters of form or etiquette. The interests at stake are too important for that. It is not humilia tion, it is not condescension even, for ei ther Government to signify to the other iu readiness to do at once what it seems must be done ultimately. Thus far, the dispute does not touch the honor of ei ther Government. Let, then, the propi tious moment be seized; let candor, and , fairness, and prudence rule the hour; and let these two great nations be restored to the full enjoyment of their vast, useful, , and harmonious intercourse. An Effective Speech. . C7In the Senate of Virginia, on the 2nd ult., Mr McMullen from the com mittee on Internal Improvements reported 1 the bill providing for a road from the Guyandotte river in Logan county, to the Kanawha River in Kanawha county. fIt appropriates the sum of $3,000 On motion of Mr. McMullitn, Mr. Gore, the member of the House of Dele gates, from Logan, was granted leave to appear at the bar of the Senate to advo cate the bill. The bill being read -Mr. Gore rose and said, Mr. Speaker, with much embarrassment I rise to ap pear before this enlightened, body. In pressing this claim for an appropriation from the public Treasury, it will be ne cessary to state some of the difficulties which this section of country labors un der. We have in our county high mount ains and deep vallies we can't get our truck to market except ou horses, for we have no wagon roads: and we have to carry salt, which is a bad thing to carry ; on horse back, because it ruins and skins the horses, I went to tins countv in 180S. It was then a desert country. Only four families had settled in the Coal River Valley. I went there because I had heard it was a good place for a poor man to raise children, as the ground was rich and the game plenty. I had not seen the counlrv, but from what I heard I thought it would suit me, as I had five children, and I found them increasing more rapidly than my means of support ing them. When I started, there was no road or path I got lost on the way, and got up on the mountain, where I found that my horse could'nt get back, and I was afraid he could'nt get forward, for there was a narrow steep place for sever al hundred yards where there was hard ly room for him to get down; and if he fell, he would fall thirty feet and kill him self. He was lame, too, and his lame leg next to the precipice. 1 was then, Mr. Speaker, reduced to necessity; and necessity is the mother of invention; so I tied a Tope to the horse's tail and guided him down in safety. When I got to the county, I had no time to build a house but stayed in camp all the winter; during which I killed enough of game to furnish my family with meat, and cleared enough land to make corn. I had no fencing to make as there was no cattle there to de stroy the truck. We had no mill in the valley, and we had to beat our corn in logs, and to eat the hominy.. The near est mill was thirty miles beyond the mountain. I went to mill but once in four years; and that was once oftner than any of my neighbors went. . Our chief dependance was upon hunting, and game was plenty. I went out one day and killed five elks, one bear, and a painter. I didn't want to lose the meat, so I skin ned all of them and went home for salt. I told my wife what I had done, and you may be sure I told her a good story; and she was exceedingly well pleased fe nine months from that time she brought a fine hearty boy. .When I went to the county I had five daughters; thia was the first son I had. From that time, so long as the elks lasted, my wife had sons; but as soon as they disappeared, my wife commenced having daughters again. Our county is rapidly increasing in' population I have, myself, done my part in that way: I have 137 decendants, and I do hope I shall in my old age, be able to see my decendanls hauling their truck and salt in wagons, wich will be the case, if you all will pas s this bill. The bill was passed unanimously. ScArxEv Unbustled ladies. Dure and undcfilcd christians, disinterested friends, common ' honesty, sound potatoes, first rate butter, and rich Printers. Plenty. Old maids and dried apples. THE NATIONAL. FAIR. (CIRCULAR) Or the Committee of Superintend ence OF THE NATIONAL EXHIBITION OF American Manufactures and pro ducts of Mechanical Art,at the Ci ty of Washington, in May next. Many persons friendly to the perma nency of the present protective system, and others, who, without being commit ted to its support, desire information in reference to its effects, have suggested the importance of procuring an exhibition of American Manufacturing and Mechanical Products to be made at the seat of Gov ernment at as early a period, during the present. Spring, as the opportunities for accomplishing such a project might allow. It is believed that an exhibition, embra cing specimens of every kind of handi craft or manufacturing skill employed iu the nation, or at least all such specimens as may be conveniently procured for the occasion, together with the prices at which they may be purchased, and the names of those by whom they are fabricated, M ould embody, in an impressive form, a mass of useful facts w hich could not fail to be appreciated as they deserve by the pub lic authorities upon whom rests the re sponsibility of sustaining the prosperity of the great interests connected with thi subject; and that such facts collected from the daily transactions of the people, au thenticated by the personal examinations of all who choose to inspect them, would furnish incontrovertable arguments in fa vor of that industry which so greatly honors as well as enriches the mechanics of America. A recommendation of a similar exhi bition by the National Instiute two years ajro met with a hiffh detriee of favor from the public at that period; and the success ol sucti an enori now may, u .is nopeu, lead to its regular adoption hereafter, as a means of presenting at suitable intervals a vis lble demonstration of the advance of the country in those arts upon which its prosperity so greatly depends. At a consultation recently he 1 1 by man y members of the pre en t Congress gentlemen of bot political parties the proposition of inviting such au exhibition as we have referred to was considered and adopted, as an enterprise of eminent utility at this time, and with a confidence that it would find a hearty assent from the friends of national industry through out the whole Union. To g'vj efficacy to this proposition they have nominated the undersigned as a general committee of superintendence, and have charged them withthe duty of presenting the subject to the coun try at large, of inviung the aid of the friends of national industry to the scheme, and of making such preparations as may be necessary to render the exhibition as full and aseflective as the time allowed will permit. ' Thus summoned to this labor from a source so amply entitled to the respect and confidence of the nation, and fully concurring in the importance attached to the subject, the undersigned have not hes itated to comply with the wishes of those by whom they have been put in requisi tion, and promptly to enter upon the du ties consigned to them. In the perform ance of these duties they invoke the car nest co-operation oi all who may have any thing to contribute to the proposed exhi bition, hoping that this invitation will be answered in such a manner as shall ena ble the committee to present such a dis play of the work of our artisans as shall adequately attest the great skill and perfec tion to which our country has attained in manufacturing and mechanical art. The committee propose that the exhi tion shall be opened at Washington on the 20th day of May next, previous to which date ample provision will be made for the reception, security, and suitable disposition of all specimens which may be sent to their care. They invite the transmission of speci mens of every kind of manufacture and handicraft known to the artisans of the United States, and desire that the price, as well as the maker's name, be furnished with each article intended for exhibition. Committees will be appointed for the su perintendence and arrangement and pre servation of all parcels sent to the exhibi tion rooms.' -The rooms will be ready to receive ar ticles for exhibition from and after the first day of May. The exhibition will be kept open not less than two weeks. Owners of parcels exhibited during the exhibition wilL unless directions to the contrary be given, bs expected . to allow the sale of such parcels at the prices marked, to be delivered at the close of exhibition. All goods intended for exhibition can be directed to Mr. David A. Hall, secre tary of the committee, who will see to their safe keeping, and attend to their being repacked after the exhibition. In case of a sale of them, the money will be duly transmitted. . As there will be many goods undis posed of which the proprietors may not wish returned, and prefer to have sold for their benefit, the committee will cause a sale at auction of such articles as the owners may desire to hare o disposed of. Motive power will be furnished at the exhibition rooms for such machinery as may require it. - As the committee can only give this general invitation to the manufacturers and artisans of the country, each one will be pleased to consider it addressed to himself individually; Editors of papers through the country frieudly to the ohject are respectfully re quested to give this circular a few insertions. WILLIAM W. S EATON, Washington. THOMAS P. JOAES. JOHN. W. MAURY, DAVID A. HALL, W. A. BRADLEY, R.C. WEIGHTMAN, THOMAS BLADGDEN, W ILLIAM ESBY, JOHN F.C ALLEN, do do do do do do do do JAMES LYONS, Richmond, Virginia, J. P.KENNEDY, Baltimore Maryland. JOHN WETHERED, do do O. C. TIFFAGY. do do March 23, 1816. A Witty Quaker In Congress. Mr. Kennedy, of Indiana, (who says he is "nothing but a plain simple Qua ker,") delivered a speech on Oregon, a few days ago, from which we quote: "The march of the people is onward, and it is westward; that is the destiny. They arc going onward to the Pacific; and if in the path which leads there the Brit ish lion shall lav down, shall we on that accout be craven to our duly and destiny! No never. The lion must be removed. The Bsitish may make pretensions to Oregon, but rights thev have none. Do we wantit?, Yes, and we must have it. Wc want it to hold our people. Why, how loiir has it been since the broad and fertile valley of the Mississippi was one great and unbroken waste. And what is it now? The fairest region beneath the sun, and teaming with people "in swarms. Yes sir, and I tell you another thing. The American multiplication ta ble is at work. (Great merriment.) Go into our western cabins and you will find a young man of six feet, and the rest of him in proportion, with a companion not nu-h less than himself, and round their fiet you will find a little company of 20 children. Ay, sir, that is the multiplica tion table. And now do you take our present numbers, and reckon twenty for every two, and where do you think we shall find hunting ground for them? I tell you we must have Oregon. The multi tude of the west is demanding1 it at our hands, nnd they must have ti There is a multitude of little white headed boys and ffirl, (God bless them!) all over t';at Mississippi valley, and they are not going to ftip there. The only question is, will you open a path for them? Will you remove the obstacle out of their way? or must they cut a way to their, inheri tance by the sword? It is theirs, and they will do it. And I for one will nev er be a traitor to surrender one inch of their patrimony." JVEYV HAMPSHIRE. A Triumph Complete. Among the many just, wise and beneficent mea sures of the defamed and vituperated Whig XXVlIth Congress was the provi sion made by the second section of its Apportionment Act that all Members of the House of Representatives should henceforth - be chosen from the several States by Districts, each electing one on ly. Loeo-Focoism fought that provision in the House with all its might, execrated it in its journals and calumniated it be fore the people. Every evil and iniqui tous purpose was attributed to its au thors. John Tyler, just then beginning to reveal his treachery, attempted to stab it in a message announcing his assent to the bill. Four States were induced to nullify' it out-Tight, ami proceed to elect Members by General Tickets, and these Members were received by the suceeed in Loco-Foco House, and therein allow ed to hold saats and vote 'in glaring defi ance to an unrepealed law of the land. Yet mark the sequel. The People of Georgia speedily expelled from power the party-, which had pursued this high handed course, and elected a Whig Gov ernor and Legislature who Districted the State in accordance with the law of Con gress. Missouri did not change her poli tics, but after one nullifying she mended her hand, and districted thoroughly. New ILmpshire stood out, and her General Ticket system has been the means of overthrowing tjie Nullifying dynas ty VND BRINGING IN A NEW RULE, wntCH will promptly District the State. The crime has therefore wrought out its punishment. And even before this was done, Mississippi, the remaining com peer in ill doing, had receded from l er nnjuslifiable position and conformed to the law's requirment. It is estimated by the Buffalo Com mercial that there is now waiting ship ment at the various ports on Lake Michi gan 1,550,000 bushels wheat, 90,000 bbls llour, and 24,000 bbls. provisions, ashes, fce. If the stock at Detroit is included, the aggregate of llour would reach 200, 000 bbls. Canada. The Canadian Parliament assembled at Montreal on the 20th ult. . Lord Cath cart, the Governor General, delivered a speech, from which we take the follow ing extract: "I should under any circumstances have directed your early attention to tha condition of the militia law. But the un settled state of the negotiations which have been for some time past carried ort between the Imperial Government and that of the United States of America, renders it imparative upon me to prcsj immediately upon your consideration tha necessity of a re-onrmization of this arm of the public defence. I feci the most unbounded confidence that the loyalty and patriotism of every class of her majesty' subjects in Canada will be conspicuous, as they have been heretofore, should oc casion call for their services to aid in tho protection of their country; but a well digested and uniform system is indispen sible to give a fitting direction to the most zealous effort." FURTHER SECESSION'S FROM MEXICO. The secession of some of the North ern States of Mexico from the confederar cv, has for some time been freely spoken of as an event in the chapter which is of more than probable occurrence. Ia re lation to the Northern confederacy of tho Ncuva Leon, Coahuila, Tamaulipas, and parts of Zacatecas and San Luis de Poto si, on the model of the United States, tha Corpus Christi Gazette says there is not a doubt; and adds, that they have already organised and declared their independ ence, unless prevented by "untoward e vents," such as the approach of Gener als Aupudia, La Vega and Wool with GOOO troops; and the editor concludes with the statement that he has printed copies of the proclamation and accompa nying orders of the said confederation. . Tiie Subtrcasury Dill. This odious measure was" taken up in the House of Representatives on Monday last, aud, by the application of the legisla tive screw, the discussion was brought to a close yesterday, and the bill passed by a majority exceeding fifty . votes. This is a bold step of the dominant party in Congress; after the emphatic manner in which the scheme was denounced and repudiated by the voice of the country in 18 tO. One currency for the Govern ment and another for the People is a sys tem obnoxious to our free institutions, repungant to public sentiment, and will never be tolerated in a free country. If we are permitted to augur the future front the past, public indignation will, pro nounce upon it and its authors a final doom in 1819. Nat. Intel. The Vicksburg Sentinel, a leading Lo cofoco paper: thus scathes the hypocricy of his brother Locofocos in Tennessee . Bank Democrats. A dirty mutilated shinplaster should be the ensign of tho rag Democracy of Tennessee. The De mocracy of that State seem determined to cling to their thieving paper money machines, as long as they can succeed in palming off their printed rags upon tho industrious producers, in exchange for their labor. We observe at the head of the list of Bank directors, lately appoin ted by the Governor, the name of Hon. A. O. P. Nicholson, tho nominee of tho Democratic party for United Stales Sen ator at the late election. Such a hyocrit ical, unprincipled parly . has no right to complain when one of its members hap pens to out-general another in the contest for the only object for which the leaders strive office and spoils. The devil taka such democracy, sav we. Oh'l An Outrage. The Louisville Journal says, "A few months ago, a young man from near Snow Hill, Maryland, named David T. Riley, came to this city with the inten tion of practising law. Not finding suf ficient encouragement, he went about four miles into the country, on or near tho Flat Lick road, and took a school. On Wednesday last, a young man from Shelby county, named Richard Meri wether, Jr., went to Mr. Riley's school j house, called him out, and under pre tence that Mr. R. had reported a remark or a question of his concerning a gentle man in the neighborhood, stabbed him five times, wounding him severely and most dangerously. The physicians say that Mr. R. will probably die, unless ona of his arms be amput-tcd.and he re fuses to submit to amputation. Meriwether wus pursued, bat we have not heard of hi arrest. A Bright Spot in Politic. The Democratic majority in the Louisiana Legislature, by a vote cf 59 to 15, hire vacated the seats of the three sitting .er bers from St. Landry ojntv, why vere of their own shade of poltie, 8I1j fj3v0 given them to their wH con?estart?. The latter received a Majority rf votes in th county, hut Iot the return thrcujh some official blunder.