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n HI. s CIF NOT PAID WITHIN THE YEAR. $2 50 WILL DE CHARGED. TWO DOLLARS PER ANNUM,? HALF-YEARLY IN ADVANCE. 5 AMD FARIVIEBS1 AMD IVIEGI1A0IGS' REGISTER. PRINTED AND PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY JONATHAN ROW, SOMERSET, SOMERSET COUNTY, PA. New Series. From the Post. Zljt JJero. (Inserted at the request vf an old Lady.) Mv father was a farmer good, With corn and beef in plenty; I mowed, and hoed, and held the plough, Aud longed for one and twenty. For I had quite a martial tarn, And scorned the lowin cattle; I learned to wear a uniform. Hear drums and see a batde. My birth-day came, my father urged, But stoutly I resisted, My sister wept, my mother prayed, But I went ofl and 'listed. They marched me on through wet & dry, To tunes more loud than charming; But lugging knapsack, box and gun, "Was harder work than mowing. We met the foe, the cannon roared, The crimson tide was flowing; I heard the death groans round me close, I wished that I was mowing. ' The foe came on, I lost my leg. And I was in their clutches; I stayed in prison till the peace Then hobbled home on crutches. From the Baltimore American. BATTLES OX THE EIO GRANDE. The following minute and graphic ac count of the battles of the 8th and 9th May, in which our gallant Army won for themselves imperishable renown, will be read with deep and thrilling interest. It is from the pen of a heroic officer who nobly bore his full share of the duties and dangers of the trying occasion. Camp opposite Matamoras, May 13, 1846. $ On the 1st of May the Army under Gen. Taylor took up its line of march at 3 o'clock, P. M. for Point Isabel, thirty miles distant, in order to force up from that point provisions which were necessa ry to he maintenance of our fort here. To defend it in our absence General Tay lor left the 7th Regiment of Infantry, Bragg's battery of four six pounders, Capt. Lowd's battery of four eighteen pounders and some canvalescents as a garrison the whole under the command of Major Brown of the Army. We had heard of the crossing of six or seven thousand of the enemy to oppose our march to our Depot, and expected to fight them going down but did not meet with them. On the 2d instant, in the afternoon, we reached Point Isabel, and on the 3rd heard the bombardment of our Fort at this place. This bombardment continu ed at intervals for several days. In the meantime, Gen. Taylor, having learned by express from Major Browx that he could hold the Fort, put his whole com mand to work in the entrenchments at Point Isabel, the basis of our operations, and having made it sufficiently strong and loaded about three hundred wagons ;with provisions and ammunition, he determin ed to proceed at once to the relief of our gallant little band in this Fort, and to give battle to the enemy if necessary. He commenced his march at 2 o'clock, P. M. one squadron of Dragoons, com manded by Capt. Mat, in front; the third Brigade, composed of the 3d and 4th Re giments of Infantry and RiXGGOLD'sLight Artillery; the 5th Infantry not Brigaded, and the 1st Brigade, composed of the Ar tillery Battalion serving as Infantry; Dun can's Light Artillery and the 8th Regi ment of Infantry to which must be add ed two eighteen pounders drawn by ox en, and Capt. Kerr's squadron of Dra goons protecting the rear the wagons on the march being in a great degree inter spersed between the Brigades for greater , security. On the night of the 7th we encamped about 12 miles from Point Isabel, without seeing the enemy. On the 8th we had advanced about five miles, when we des cried the enemy some two miles distant, drawn up in great force on the open prai rie, and occupying the crest of a very gentle slope with their backs to the thick bushes, called in this country "chapar ral." We immediately formed line to the front, and advanced calmly and quietly to the attack. Our brave and considerate old General, finding that the enemy wait ed to receive us, "and that we were pass ing near a lake of water, the day being very hot and the men thirsty, halted in full view of the advarsary and directed the men to fill their canteens with water. t -, i :,,i i .. - e had now a lime leisure to examine the force of the enemy and its composi tion. The horizon in our front and to the right appeared lined wiih cavalry, (Lancers and Dragoons.) The woods in their rear were giving up column after column of Infantry, which were man oeuvred with great regularity; and batt3r ies of Artillery were observed taking their designated places in our front and rn pur flanks. The lowest estimate at the time of the enemy's frlS? '?f 5000 of all arms our own being under 2,000 fighting men. We have since learned that on this occasion the enemy had over 5000 fighting men. But the greatest dif ficulty under which we labored was the absolute necessity of protecting in an o pen prairie, from the enemy's numerous cavalry, our enormous train of provisions and ammunition, without which, even if we gained a victory, we could not relieve our garrison opposite Matamoras, or maintain our position there. Besides we were miserably deficient as to the num ber of our cavalry, haviug only some 200 Dragoons, while the enemv could not have had less than 1,800 or 2,000. The men being refreshed our General rode to each Brigade, told the men to keep cool, and when the enemy charged not to fire a shot until they were repulsed with the yonet, and had turned their backs m ght. Our advance then recommenced slowly but firmly, wagons and all; and when we arrived within good artilley range, their batteries opened upon us, some of their balls bouncing along the plain and pass ing us in "rechoche," others firing over our heads, and falling in the rear, showing us in a few moments that their pieces were served with skill &precision. A movement was now observed among the enemv's cavalry as if about to charge, and the Re giments nearest them were thrown into square, or formation preparatory to the square, and so disposed as to protect our own artiller)r whenever it was ordered to fire. During this time some fifteen min utes, the enemy's fire was received in per fe :t silence by us, and at length, Capt. Dcncan having been ordered to open up on them, advanced in the most gallant manner, and placing himself in a posi tion to be protected by the Infantry, as sault the enemy's cavalry, and one which would enable him at the same time to gall their cavalry and masses of infantry, sent a withering fire among them, which created some confusion, and which was answered by our squares of infantry by one long simultaneous shout, which showed how anxious they were to be led to the charge at once but this could not be. They were destined to give the strongest evidence of courage that a soldier can exhibit to stand in squares for hours under fire of the ene my's artillery, so as to protect from the enemy's cavalry our own artillery, whilst the latter was mowing down the enemy's ranks. As soon as Duncan opened, Ma jor Ringgold's thunder was heard on the right, Lieut. Churchill s from the 18 pounders in the centre, and all the ene my's batteries opening at the same time, a tremendous canonading ensued which, on this plain of almost boundless extent, presented a spectacle of great magnifi cence. The battle commenced at 10 minutes past 2, P. M. It had lasted a bout an hour, when a large body of the enemy's red Lancers charged the 5th In fantry, with a view of cutting oil our wagon train. They were met with the most perfect tranquility, and a discharge of musketry from the 5th (Gen. Brook's) Regiment told us their fate. They fled precipitately, leaving men, horses, and guidons on the field. In the meantime the whole order of battle had been chan ged to coaform to the manoeuvres of the enemy, and our Brigade, the 1st, which was the left, now found itself in advance and on the right the Artillery Battalion being on the extreme right and most in advance. It must be observed also that in these diflerent changes our General was always slowly bu . steadily gaining ground to the front, and the enemy gradu ally falling back. The enemy's fire hav ing slackened, and then ceased. General Taylor, from his new and more advan ced position, ordered all his batteries to open, and in his turn attacked the enemy with such fury as to cause evident des truction in his ranks; but still they remai ned firm. By a charge on them they might have been routed entirely, but then we must have exposed our wagons to be captured by their cavalry, and that could not be thought of. The battle had now lasted from 10 minutes past 2 P. M. to about 7 P. M. At this moment the enemy was discover ed coming down with his left flank in great force of cavalry and infantry, on the Artillery Battallion and the 18 pounders which that Battalion supported. The 18 pounders were served by thirty men, and the Artdlery Battalion was about 360 strong. Both the battery and this Battal ion were in such a position that they could not be supported by the other por tion of the army, and at the time the charge commenced the Battalion had deployed into line. However it was thrown into square by a prompt manoeuvre, and awai ted steadily the Mexican charge. On ' they came, "horse, foot and dragoons, 1 i .- f t .'-ji . shouting and yelling, when a single horse man rode into the Square, and said, "Men I place myself in your square." The General was immediately recognized by the men, who gave him three cheers for this evidence of his confidence. At this moment Lieut. Churchill discharged one of his 18 pounders, loaded, with grape into the advancing ranks, creating great havoc, but not checking entirely their on ward movement. They marched for ward to within good musket range, some TUESDAY, JUNE 150 yards of us, halted and delivered their ! t shoulder. Finding that they would not come nearer Col. Childs, commanding this Battalion, ordered a volley, which was given as if in parade, when the ene my immediately retired, and the action ended for the night. Our Army slept on their arms precisely as night found them, and occupied the position in which the enemy commenced the battle. The two armies slept quietly almost in presence of each other. The night was serene and beautiful, the moon casting the softest light on every thing around us, and but for the groans of the wounded and the screams of those who were suffering under the knife of the Surgeons, no one could have imagined the scenes which had occurred but a few hours previously. On our side we had fifty-five killed and wounded. The gallant Maj. Ringgold was mortally wounded, and his noble steed killed by the same shot, as he was giving his last fire lor the night, and after having distinguished himself by the cool ness, precision and effect with which he managed his Battery. Captain John Page of the 4th Infantry, was horribly wounded. supposed to le mortally. Many officers had horses shot under them Bliss, lieutenant Daniells, Captain Montgomery, and several others. Many Dragoons horses were killed, and the escapes were almost incredible. In Magruder's company two men,whilst at an order, had the bayonets of their muskets cut off by cannon balls, passing just over their shoulders and between their heads. He had also a man killed on his immediate right and left. Some I of the balls fell into the centres of the squares, and recoched out again, with out touching any one. Others fell just oh the out side and "bounced over. To stand patiently and coolly ,in square under such a fire, for five hours, wiihout tiring a shot, is the best evidence of discipline and invincible courage that troops can give. But more: the effect of this con duct, which none but regulars could have shown, must be considered. The next morning the enemy retreated, leaving the field strewed with their dead, and having lost, by their own confession, Jive hun dred in killed and wounded; but we have found out since that the loss is much frrpntpr. The enemv's artillery was nu- merous and served with great rapidity and precision; while we had little cavalry and they had an immense proportion of that arm. Hence our shell and grape shot told brisklv among them, In short we gained on that day a great victory. v hen we consider the enemy s numbers, his numerous and effective regular cav- rlry, and well-drilled infantry and artillery, and above all that he had chosen his own ground, that upon which he is most accustomed to fight, the plain and compare all this with our in feriority in all arms, and that we were incumbered bv a train we could not afford to lose, we can only account for the re sult by the impression made on the ene mv bv our firm and unshaken advance; by the steadiness with which wc repulsed their cavalry, and by the unrivalled skill of our artillery officers and men -to which must be added a perfect knowledge on the part of both men and officers that if we lost that battle the Fort at Matamo ras would fall, the Army be destroyed, and our depot, Point Isabel, be taken to the eternal disgrace of the American Ar my and the ruin cf the interest of our Government, for some time, at least, in this part of the world. AVe could not afford to be driven back a single inch, and all were prepared for any thing but re treat. On the morning of the 9th the Mexi can army left the field at early dawn, and after arranging our . train, we commen ced the march towards our Fort at this place. At 2 o'clock, P. M., we found the enemy drawn up in a great force, oc cupying a ravine, which our road crossed with thick "chapparral" or thorny bushes on either side before it reached the ravine and a pond of water on either side, where it crossed the ravine, constituting a com plete defile. They were 7000 strong, we 54 weaker than the previous day. The General ordered an immediate at tack, by all the troops except" the First Brigade, which was kept in reserve, and soon the rattling fire of musketry, min gled with the heavy sound of artillery, announced the commencement of the ac tion. The enemy had chosen his posi tion which he considered impregnable was vastly superior to us in numbers, and had ten pieces of artillery, planted in the defile, which swept the road with grape, and which it was absolutely necessary for us to take before he could be beaten. These pieces were flanked on either side by a Regiment of brave veteran troops, from Tamnico. and we were oblisred to stand an awful shower of grape and bul let before a charge could reach them. The battle had "lasted some two hours with great fury on both sides, and many heroic deeds had been done, but no se rious impression made, when Gen. Tay lor sent for Captain May, of the 2d Dragoons, and told him he must take the batten with his Squadron of Dra goons, if he lost every man. May in stantly placed himself at the head of his 16, 1846, 'men, and setting off at full speed, with t u, ,! ht ,1ihfd into the defile. where he wes greeted with an overwnenn- t inar discharge of grape and bullets, which nearly annihilated his first and second o o o i . i : platoons, but he was seen unhurt darting like lightning, through this murderous ' hail storm, and in a second, he and his iost nearly every man under h:s corn men drove away or cut to pieces the ar- mand, and his daring heroism in cutting tillerists. his way to Gen. Taylor's camp, have The speed of his horses was so great, excited in the public mind a strong desire however, thut thev passed through the to know more of him. lie is the same battery, and were "halted in its rear. j gentleman so frequently and honorably tion seem to be aware that they have in There turning, charged back, and was Upokcn of in Gen. Green's journal of the volved the country in an expensive war iust in time to rescue a Mexican General . ... .. i officer who would not leave his guns, ana who was parrying the strokes of one of the men. He handed his sword to May announced himself as General Vega, and gave his parole. Mav turned him over to an officer, and, galloped back to Gen Taylor, reported that he had captured the enemy's battery, and the gallant Gen. Vega, bravely defending it, whose sword he had the honor to prcsnt his Com manding officer. The General was ex tremely gratified, and felt no doubt that a blow had been given, from which it would be difficult for the enemy to rc-cover-and so it proved,for a portion of the that the enemy had immediately re-occupied and commenced serving their pieces, gallantly charged and bro't off several, when the 8th, which had just come up, marched to the attack by its gallant commander, Col. Belknap, seconded nobly by Captain Montgom ery, and took off the remaining pieces. Col.' Belknap, leading his Regimenfinto the thickest of the fight, seized a Mexican standard, and waving it over his head, dashed on in front ol his men, until his horse stumbled over some dead bodies and threw him. Being a heavy man, he was helped on his horse by a soldier, who in the act received a ball through his lungs, and at the same moment a shot carried away the Mexican Hag, leaving but the handle with the Colonel. He dashed ahead with that, however, and his regiment carried every thing before it. At this moment the Mexicans gave way entirely, and throwing down their arms, fled in every direction, leaving all their stores, munitions of war, arms, standards, &c, &c. The kiiled wounded and pris oners, including among those who were ! drowned in the Rio Grande, can not fall short of 1,500 so that the enemy's loss in two davs amounts to at least 2000 men, something more than the number we had in our army. When Lieut. Magruder introduced Gen. Vega to Gen. Taylor, the latter expressed his deep regret that such a misfortune should heve happened to an officer whose character he so highly es teemed, and returned him his sword which he had won so bravely. It is said also that the General jgavc the captive officer an order on his private banker for a large sum, for his use when he arrived in the United States. Immediately after the victory, a regi ment marched' into this fort, and was re ceived with cheers and open arms. All had done their duty those whe were left to defend our fort those who march ed to its relief. I had nearly forgot to mention that no officer in the "battle of the 9th was more distinguished than Lieut. Randolph Ridgely. His conduct drew praises from the lips of every officer. But I shall never finish if I record the feats of personal valor which occurred in this battle, where officers and men fought hand to hand for hours with the Mexi cans. I shall therefore conclude with the hope that in a few days we shall be in Matamoras. Copper Jlall. The Mexicans use "copper grape," and it is represented as being most poi sonous. They are made rough, and left to accumulate verdigris, and other nox ious coatings peculiar to copper, and when they wound they are almost always fatal. We are not informed says the N. Orleans Tropic, whether the Mexicans use the copper becanse of its poisonous qualities, or because they have no lead. We see it stated, however, that but few of those that ha.e been wounded by balls in the American army stand any chance j of recover, as the great heat and mortifi cation caused by the nature of the balls is rapidly carrying them off, as was the case with the lamented Maj. Brown. Captain May, the officer who made the ' desperate charge against the Mexicans, is represented as a singular genius. With a beard extending to his breast, and hair to his hip bone, which as he cuts through ! the wind on his charger, streams out in all directions, he presents a most impos ing appearance. His gait on foot is awkward, and that of his horse is the rack of the Canadian pony. The squadron, at the head of which he char ged the enemy's battery, contained 82 men; and of these he lost one officer and 10 privates killed, and 13 wounded 28 horses killed and 10 wounded that is nearly one third of his men; and almost half of his horses kon du combat. The Captain was about ten yards in advance of his men and was not touched. . ROMANCE OF REALITY. S-tMLCE, II. WILKEK. . m. lll, III I LI 1A (MI.: Wl .1J7C lain l LH1 1 L-' This officer is one of those rare i . spirits which a state of war will bring out from our citizen soldiers. His late unequallhd conflict with the Mexicans, in which he Mier expedition. He is a native of . . Washington City, from whence he went into the Florida war, where in several campaigns he distinguished himself by his intrepid bravery. In 1812 he went to Texas, and during the invasion of that Renublie bv Gen. VVolL he was marked for his bold and daring conduct. After the Mexican General had retreated from San Antonio, and when he lay upon the Rio Houdo, Walker and Capt. McCul lough crawled through his camp one night and spied out his position, and the next -I I 11 .TV 11.1 tl day, with the gaiiani iiavs, ieci me auacs. upon his rear guard. He' then joined the celebrated expedition against Mier, on the morning of that sanguinary battle, he '. with thron nth lipin.r tin ndvnnce scout of the Tcxans was taken prisoner . and carried with his hands tied behind war, and nt and man uicm lor service r. him to the head quarters of Gen. Ampu- gainst the enemy! What visionary fol dia. The Mexican General questioned t ly is there in all this? What madness him as to the Texan forces,& when Walk- : in its councils? If Locofocoism had fal- or ir.r,.m,l hm tW ihc Tnvin h:ul i exans nau , impudia pom- j ;hat audacious I onlv thee hundred men, A pously replied: "Does that hand lull of men nersume to follow me into ; this strong place and attack me ?" A 4 Yes," says Walker, "make yourself content upon the subject, General they would follow von into and attack vou there." He was, with his comrades, !. i i . .l .:... men marcneu a prisoner 10 uic cuy ui Mexico. At Salado, with the lamented Capt. Cameron and Dr. Brennen. he led the at tack upon the guard, overpowered them, and niErched for Texas, when, after eat ing up all their horses and mules, they surrendered to the Mexican Generals Mercer and Ortago. He was again marched to Salado, where, with his com rades, he was made to draw in the cele brated black bean latterv, and every tenth man was shot. Those that remained of the Texans were marched to the Castle of Perotc and the city of Mexico. Here while working on the streets in thnt city, he was struckbya corporal forjnot working faster, when, with his spade, he knocked down the corporal, which caused the guards to beat him nearly to death. His life was a long time despaired of, and, upon his recovery, he with two compan ions scaled the walls of his prison after nightfall, and made his way to Texas, over a distance of more than a thousand miles. Before, however, they got out of the country, they were twice more im prisoned, and each time effected their es cape. When he had reached Texas a gain, he joined Capt. Hays, who, with fifteen others, armed with Colt's revolv ing pistols, fought 98 Carnanches, and de feated them, leaving 3G killed upon the ground. Here Walker was run through the body with a Comanche spear, and his life again despaired of. To such men Texas is indebted for her emancipation from Mexico. Few as they are, they have won her liberty, and have miraculously maintained it ton years against all the boasted power of Mexico. Globe. John C. Calhoun. The corrcspendent of the Baltimore Patriot, writiting from Washington un der date of 3 1st ult. has the following: Mr. Calhoun is preparing himself to make a demonstration in the course of a few days, which will be apt to astonish some people. He is hard at work wri ting a Report on the subject of the great doctrines laid down by the Memphis Convention the right, power and duty of the General Government to improve the channels and harbors of our majestic inland seas, such as the rivers Ohio and Mississippi. He will lay down the doc- ! trme that the States cannot confederate to make these improvements that when a river passes through two States, those States may apply to the General Govern ment for the power to make improve ments in the same but when the river passes through three or more States this cannot be done the power then belongs " 1 t 1 -a t) -- , ....... exclusively to me ueecrai uoverninein, which can improve the channel of the rivers, although it cannot touch the shores on either side, as they belong to the States. The Suites cannot confederate in any one section of the Union, to carry on any public work in which they have an interst. He defines the powers of the General Government of the States, in a manner to meet the doctrines of the Mem phis Convention, with great force and ability. He will make a perfect shaking among the old dry bones of the ancient sticklers for "s'trict cons!rjction," the old harpers upon '09 and '90. and carry riff C mm tfn runks of Polk Locofocoism a a parly that will be .formidable, both in . i .i . r 1 talent and numoers, in next r resiacn- tial race. Mirk the prediction. Vol. 4. No. 31. Putting down the Tariff. The Administration Organ at W ash inninn -! ill t!i fnllnwprs ill its wake. llli uu uu .---.-- - . , . .t i. as well as the brawling onice-sceKcr. calls anxiously upon its party in Congress to assault and slay the Tariff. It urge the dan; ers of delay, fears' that if it or.ee -m the funeral pile, the Sub-Tret- gets irom tne nincrai p surv or some other dear party measuro will be offered up in its place. Neither the Organ nor the Adminislra one that, if prosecuted with the sum.? . f i rt !. M - wanton and lavish expenditure, will in volve the Nation in an immense debt without the slightest preparation to meet the vast expenditures in the increase of the Army and Navy, and without any plan of finance being devised for mcct- ing it, excepting that of Sir Robert J. Walker, which in theory is, that the low er the duties the greater the revenue. Thus, by destroying our only means of sustaining a large expenditure from our National Treasury, by taking from our farmers a market, and our mechanics, ar- tizans and raanulacturers employment. and robbing our banks ot their specie, they expect to supply the Treasury with means to support an army of 50,000 men, repair and erect forts, build men of Ien into the hands ot its enemies mey 'n iiuu uiv uauua ui v. . - ...v.. could not wish it worse than to follow it own counsels. Let the Whigs in Con- grcss therefore "stand from under and allow the Locofocos to follow the coun sels of their leaders without embarrass ment or hinderance. When the wreck comes, as come it will if Locofocoism i allowed its own course, the people will ii .. i - see anu Know -irom wiieuce n uame. and "govern themselves accordingly. Pa. Tel. Oar West India Trade. If we arc to have a protracted War with Mexico, our West India Trade will be first struck at by Privateers and Pi rates; and it is not impossible but that mischief may be done in that direction before the Government turns its attention to the danger. Instead of having our whole available Naval force in the Gulf of Mexico, a few Armed Vessels should be sent to cruise about the Windward Islands. When there is "mischief afoot" upon the Ocean it is sure to lurk about those Islands. We have an important trade with the Danish and Spanish West India Islands, and those who are engaged in it should feel that they are enjoying the protection of our Navy. Alb. Jour. We observe, upon running over th columns of the New Orleans "Tropic" of the 23d instant, that the good people of that city had been induced, by newspa per rumor, to believe that Major Gen. Scott had received orders to repair to th Mexican frontier, to command in chief tl.o miltary movements going on there; and that he was even expected to arrive at New Orleans on that day (the 23d) or on the next day. What nny be the intention of the Ex ecutive in regard to calling this gallant and distinguished veteran into service, we arc not able to say. But the fact undoubted ly is that he is still in this city, and that we have not heard of his bring under or ders to repair to New Orleans, although it is here understood that he tendered his services immediately on the arrival here of the news of hostilities having com- 1 menced. Nat. Intel. A correspondent of the St. Louis Rk villb savs: As the names'of the following Spanish officers are likely, at the present juncture of affairs, to be frequently in the mouths of our citizens, for the satisfac tion of those not already informed a3 to the correct pronunciation of them, I sub join the following: Generals Arista, Ampudia, Mcjia, and Canales. Colonejs Cara?co and Carabajal, are pronounced by Spaniards as ne arly as possible, as follows: A-ree j-ta, Am-poo-dh, Ma-Afc-a, Co-ja-Ics, Ca-ras-co, Cara-fw-hal the vowel er, in each in stance, having the sound of that letter in the English wordar. The j becomes h, the b, v. PENS VCOL V EXCITEMENT. The rumors from PensacoLi. rife in our city last evening, we believe to bo wiihout foundation. " The letters bringing the news here, appear on their face to contain but unfounded rumors.. . c think the publication of them calculated to do much injury, create unnecessary ex citement, and no good whatever. N. O. Tropic, May 12. Gen. WoRTti. This brave and ac complished officer (says the Mobile AdJ vertiser of May 18). arrived in thi city yesterday mornir.g on the stsaer Ama ranth from Montgoraory, on his way to ! the armv on the Rio Grande. Such men ' as Gen. Worth cannot be spared now. i . , -! " !. C C- . . ne ien on -ri- -ic- wn-a- cn? o'clock.