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THE DAILY EVENING TEEEGHAm. FniLADELPITIA, TTESDAY, AUGUST 9, 18C1.
v Owning tltfltapli TVE8DAT, AVGVST 9, m. the imiiF. or ah Horn. ' FrnrafiaRnerfleettoIvlnsvar, l.lj moaee top, nil iwimp anil healber: There' little chanata or diflcre nee there In nanimcr or in winter weathur. At tlm Tn hear the lirpwlng't note I'lpe sadly o'er the rnoesos yellow, And troops of lazy plover float And hover o'er the sandy fall0- Tbonah man year b fled away, , " "Wltlj rlonJs end sunshine, joy or sadness, It mm) to ni but yesterday ... - I beard those, ound ol mirth nod gladne. Within the wall of yotirJnr cot J win two young brum that nanglit shall - sever: AAi I ala I I had forirot, Tbo two young board now ilcep forever! A simple watebnr' he, tint tall And straight, and bold and open-hearted: . fhe likfl a tender hrotlur-b. il, That linger when the summer's parted. So brlpht her presence seemed, tbiil li-tht And warmth around her footstep tiittc.li Ar, whore Vr she came, took IliKht, . , And every brow from caro onkuitlej. A tliongntful lrwo, a loving heart ; A amita thut breathed in every feature ' 8b seemed on this dull earth below Ot some bright heaven a chosen creature. Id word of sow? It passion told, And blazoned loud In phrnae noetic, We Hie the thonpht which buried lie, - Hepoeing in heart sympathetic. Ko talo have I of love to toll, No tale of obitaclci surmounted ; .The tad and solemn words of troth Dy my poor mouth shall be recounted. la nuptial bonds their hands were joined, The rii put on, the meaning spoken : 1 one brief bour the loving link That chHloed those hearts was snapped and croKsn. A mite from yonder cot there lies A glassy pool, by wave scarce rnfHed, Blb nt and still, yet you may bear , Xi8 sound of lulling water niufHcd. Tor neath the earth tlx stream Mows on , Under full many an emerald meadow, Vnrier dunk rock and mossy cave, All sleeping la eternal shadow. And though tbe waters seem to flow A measured slowly-gliding current, .A hundred yards or two below . They issue forth a foamlug torrent : Trom that dark pool, when early dow Makes opal all tbe crimson heather, She ued to bear a brimming jar, .And on wedding-day went t nither. Bhe ne'er returned ; y ot how she died No trace remained, no tale or tiling : And jomlcr stream seemed still tne same, Onwards, yet ever onwards gliding. Singh, though to outward ey the same ' (And few could tell his heart was broken), Thither, forever starching came, Aad piajeo. of hit lost bride some token. no dny, about the lower fall, ' ' - Ha Imj-eicd, and hu search was enilaii'- "" A sunboam thiotih the torrerwave, i JUt oa a skeleton susgejatue'd. Wt tale is told ; bww'she had died, This was lim gb.a-.tly tale and tiding; IVVJrnfffr stream Is still tbe same, , 'Onwards, yet ever onwards gliding. who wam tiir KXF rno:R or ,. HM'U t'HaHLts TlfsS tittsrr Cases of "historic doubt" seem to be toe legiti mate propei ty of the novelist. The mystery which has enveloped the executioner hi' King Charles tha First, the apparent impossibility of .ling tba act of beheading upon any man for cerUln, ) opened to the writers of historical fomsDce a fail ?)d for the exhibition of their art. And iuey have all l-'iCBlWlj8' ' 'bo epprrtnnifT. To mention one or to i'Zr!ncu : the aotlior of "Whitehall," M. Alexandre Comas in bis "VlnginAptvs,"nnd Mr. Sla In hi- novel of "Captain Dangerous," have fntro .ncttl to the bUhlie various candidates for the tistitction of having killed a king. The generally accepted theory,' however, is to the effect that the deod was done by the conrn in hvnguan of tha period for a reward of thirty tsoouda. lint tbo name of tbe hangman has been leas clearly ascertained. Jack Ketch, "a wretch," tajs Macaulay, "who had butchered many brave and noble victims, and whose name bat, duninr a century and a half, been vnlg irlv given to all who l ave succeeded bltn in bis odious o'llcc," was not sppoin'ed until about l'iH2. "While Jtffries on tho bench, Ketch on the gibbet sits," says a lampoon of tbe time. Tbo bundling orueliy exhibited on the occasion of tbe execu tion of unfortunate Duke of Monmouth nearly led to tbe destruction of Ketch by the infuriated nob a strong guard was necessary to save tbo Jievutioi er heinjt torn In ploceo. Ketch bad succeeded a man named Dnti, who is aodreiMteo as Squire Dno in a poem by lltuler "The aiidltion of squire,' " says an uuthoritv. "wlih which Mr. Dun is dignified, is a mark that ke bad btbiaded Some State criminal lor high tieaton, an operation which, accordlnir to custom for time out of mind, bos always entitled the operator to that distinction." Tbe predccetur of Dun was Oregoiy Brandon, afcer whom the gallowa was somt times called tbe Gregorian treo, aa m tna prologue to .ucrciinui untlanu un, acted at i iiit, iwi : " l u tremliles undr tliA blMRk rod. Anil hn Polh tear liis IHlu Cruiu tho tlrMrAii trof." An earlier hsnitiuun wan numed Derrick : not libiy, trom til name tho lacklu employcj in raudiig heavy weights on board a ship is still known naulically a a derrick. Tbe exucnti' DCr of King ( bar'es was proliably either Dun or Iirandon; ct various outiioiities, at different times, have charged with the deed, Will, am Walkor. Richard Brandon, Hugh 'uteri, Colonel Joyce, William Iewlet, uod laitly, Lord fStair. Asalnst some of these the ac?uxaiinn Is. of coune, utterly groundless ; but on the trial of we regit ifies arer tne Kcstoration, a distinct at tempt wainuidcto Ox the act of beheading on Wililum Ilewlet. Tbo evidence for the nroKecn- tion was worthless enouirli. but the court had iuite made up its mind on the sutject li;foro band, and a vet diet of guilty was returned. Hewlet was not executed, however; the Insiif tick nt:y of proof was too rctnnrkablo, and the icsioreu f ovcruuicni uau eomo sense ot sliaino. "Many have curioiiHly in iuired," tavs Wil Ham Lilly, in the "History of bis Life and Times," "who it was that cut oil tbe king's bead; I hate no permission to speak of such things, bnt he that did it was valiant, resolute, no oi i-oniH'iunt lortuuo. Alter tire Restora tion, Lilly was examined before Parliament on inc funjci. --At in v nr.-a appiaranitt, he goes on, "I was atlronted by the young memliors, wiiu ociimmnu several s-curnious questions, and I should have been sorely troubled but for tbe asMMiini-e of Mr. 'rinn and Mr. west d, who whispered t) mo occi iunally, holdlaj n paja'r be line tbclr mouths, J.lbeiiy being at lust giveu me to spuuit i . oeiivn-eo wnat follows : The next 8imdy hut cne after the execution of King Charles the First, Ibohrrt Spaviu, Heerotarv to tlci.fral Cromwell, and sintral others, diued with me, when tho whole of our discourse wai only who it was that beheaded the klnit: soma said the common bancmnn, some llni;n Peters, and several others acre named, bnt none con cluded. After dinner was over, Robert Spjvlu retiring; wun me m ine soma winnow, took my band and said 'These are all niictakcn, l.icu-tenant-Colonel Joyce was the man. for I was in the room when he fitted himself for the work, and stood by him when he did it : no one knowi this but my master, Commissary Ireton, and my- It is certain that I.lllv. alihnnch nrtrinnllv royalist, was afterwards actively enirsired in the Caue of tbe Parliament, and was una of the r.lo committee to consult upon the proper carrying wiiui mif "uon. lie was ceicbratttu ats an astrologer ana impohtor, and ainatsed IfinilUA IiT IShliril ti:illVltld nn,l (..-...-111.... events, nnd pre; Inc gcmrully uiaiu the we iknes anu superstition oi an rauns oi society. In the words ot Dr. Ptatdi, in his "notes to ltudibr.i Lilly was "a time-Kxving rascal," and it is neccs- aary to use caution m placing credit upon any (iarrative proceeding from hiui. Ac'ordinir to 8ir Nathaniel Mrra?All O.torri. Se.wyn, that insatiuble amateur of cxecutious, laid a ditlereut story, however, on this subject. 5i ptuiewd 10 have oli'uined his information rioia u luch of Portsmouth, w ho, he (.aid, "'."T"' ?a the ""thority of Charles the 1 1 1 , U Y? f!ucr " beheaded hy either Colonel Joyce or Colonel pride, ai was then commonly Uelierod, but that the name cf be real executiouer was' orv Brand M. this man had w ora a lilstl ..'" Tm'ov.'J 1,1, fate, and bad uo soom, t.l S The kind's tuad than be was put luto a boat u Whiteh.il ui.s, together wnb tbe block, the 1, that coveted it, the axe, and every other artiVi? that hud been stained with the roval Wood Deing coin eyed to the lower, all the iiniilenieiiu ttstdiu the decupiluilon had beu imuiedl.tely reduced to ashes. A purse, coasniiiing one hun dred broad pieces of gold, was then delivered to liiaoelou, and be was dismissed. He survived tbe traiitactioo many yeais; but divulged it a abort lime btl'ure' li died. "This account," Wrsxall aIds, "as coming from tha Do -hew cf I'onsrfiooib, cballenucs graat rcspew-t" A curions miscellany, called the "Loiier' Common Place Hook," pnblisbed in ITM, a mvriie work with Leiph Hunt, and often qnoW bv him rn bis "Iltsviry of tbe Town," adds to the stock of stories on the snhject of t harlns the l lrt's execution nn axtract from a French work called 'Dclascment de l'Homme Sensible" professing to be written by a Monslonr d'Ar naud. It will be aa well peihnps to warn the reader at the outset that tbe "lounger" is by no means an authority npon any subject, and that his appetite for the apocryphal is almost without boonds. The Frenchman relates, according ta tho "lxiunger."that Lord Htnlr, once the favoiitemln ister ot King Oeonrc the Socotid. retiring in disitnst in cot sequence of some real or imaginary nift int received after the ba tie of Dettingen. and on his way to Scotland, made a short stay In London to fettle some res Imental acconn's, when an anony mous letter In a stranao baud was sent to bun, request ng that he would f .vortho writer with an interview at a particular timo and place, a ho had c rtaln information of the most singular Im portance to communicate. Prompted by curiosity, and movid by the tone of etitrca y of the letter, the Karl, taking some precaution to ensure his own safety, went to the place appointed, lie knockrd at the door of a corner house adi lining an obscure ull y in a rather remote quarter of tbe town. He was ndmlfed by a racred and forlorn-looking wreicb, who tie n conducted him up a narrow torinous stalre.ne to a di'icy garret, dimly lighted, in one corner of which he pcr-c-ivid the flfiireof a very old man stretched upon a narrow bed. His lordship was loided with thanks for having con lo'ceinlcd to eompiy with the reqnertroutaitied in tie! loiter, will :h ihc old n ull avowed be had written. He offered manv ato onies lor flic tronlde be had ocas!omd bis lordship, and inquired ot the Karl whether ho had not recently exp-rlcnce l much iooonienienee from tho want of certain title-deeds and conveyance relating to hispi-t- rtisl esteto, Ilia lordship adim ted tb it such was the case, adding that t'.r want of some p ir ticu'ar documents lie was in great dangT of lo lug a lame portion of his inheritance. The old man then pointed to a box wnlch stood by his bedside. "Tbe'e," hnald. "urn the writings that you reqnire. Yon will ask how they camo Into my prasi'ssion who I am ? I have led a wandering and miserable lite. Strang' ly pro longed to one hundred and twenty-live years, and I tow live to behold In yon a luteal descend ant from me in the third generation. 1 uo fame of yoor gallantry has reached me. I re olvcd to p.are in vour hands the contents of tbatbnx. Tbe w rev bed old man yon see before you was a snbject, a friend, and fuvorite of King Charles IbeFlr-t; but suspectimt him of having wronged, moat ciui lly wronged, the woman 1 loved, my loyalty turned to hatred, an insatiable thirst for revenge porseSHtd mo. After his trial and de position, I requested permission to be my sove reign's execniloncr. This was granted to me. A moment belt re raising the fatal axe, I whis pered iu h'i ear tho name of bis victim and her avenier. But from the bour of thi king's death I buve been a prey to tho keenest romorse, an outcast ai d exile in different part. of Knrope snd Asia; aud as though to increase my punish ment, Heaven Ins seen tit to prolong niy life fur be y or d tie c.raimon age of man. Now Icavo me to my fa'e ; ask me no more ; forget that you bavetver seen me." Lord Btiir qulod the house, to re urn tbo next day in, the h ipo of rtndtr n some assistance tvVbh mvsterioua old men. He had disappear), however; no trace of liim could be discovered, and be was never bi ard of more. M d'AjniauJV story is curious, but, of course, "jeerthless from nn historical point of view; It will not bear the test of the simplest critical annlysii. The secret as to tbe executioner ot Kint Charles ba- be n well k pt, probably from iis beiug very little f a secret at all, and cupablo of a solution so i im pie, that people in stu b a case were rather inclined to avoid ibun accept it. It was no doubt difficult to credit that a prisoner so ex'r.tordinary should fall by the hands of tho ordinary exe eutoner ut to time, like anv other prisoner seu enced to death. Hut that tnls was ru illy the es c tl ere can be little question. It is worth w hile to remark, however, n an element in the consideration of I ho trustworthiness of history, bow veiy soon, as in this case, don lit nn I mys'ery collect round and oh tire an event of singular lmportni.co. Less than iwclvo years uflor the dea'b of the kimr, tbe commi-sinters appointed to bring tbo regicides to judgment c mid not clearly afcerinin who w:ts the uc ual execu'loner, and notwithstanding that they find a prisoner fiuilty of the otlcn-c, doubt on still, tin d ft 'mole lo iiifi vi uunisbment to which thoy hatl sentenced blm. An Aleitnre In 'e)mrPy, A voung priest, tmco wish'-u,- t3 .ho, i.;3 courage and the contt intoona light in which he regarded all superstitious no-Ions, laid a con siderable wager that he would walk to the ceme tery in the dead oi the night, and hammer a nail into a certain part ot the inner wan. caving the town at the stated time, lie proceeded straight to tho place, and arrived t"cre iiert'ec ly satisfied of bis ability to peit'orm tlin lonely tas he had Imposed upon nlmsoil. Advanci ig into tbe inner ciiclu, be plumed a small ludd -r wi.ii wbtcb be w.is proviib d ugainnt the w ill, and, be. fore proceeding further, looked leistirn'y around the nicain was sliming in iu I bea ttv, a id nor mys, i iiit.lng tbe leaves of ail the trees ou "tie sije of the circle, shed a subdued llitbt on every object immediately around our advent urer, leav ing the otbt r side of this pornon ol tho ccmcterv, Into which i lie. moon's rys c aild not p metritis, in peifeet shiide. (spit? oi every wish to tho con trary, tbe poor priest could not but feel a kind of nndeiined dreud at the awful stillness, and, as be slowly UBCeniU d i ho ladder, hi' knees begin per ceptibly to tremble. Determined, however, to execute his purpose, he fixed the I ail aad c m n diced hsn tming loudly, his perturbed spirit deriving com tort from tho rovoi berating sounds thus created. Quite rc.iShiircJ when this work was lini-liod, he letiiniid iu order to do-ceuil, when, pulling his foot out to pi cc it on the holder, he tcit his rape pnilcd from behind. Too terrllled to try to asceitain the cause, he. made several a tempw to disenfiuiie himself, but the mora be pulled the faster be S'tiucd lobe held; until at list, ex hanstcd w ith the cfTorts he bad made, be rem lined passive from terror. Tbo whole cemetery seemed whirling around him. The cotlins appeared to be leaving thtirnarrow cells, ami their lids burst, iug open, be fancied bo saw the gliustly innt ilea grinning at biin. In vain he tried to cry out, Ms tongne refused to liamc a bing e woid ; and thus, panlyetl by fear, his sa mes entirely forsook him and lie fell to the ground t e'ow, where h i remained in a unto oi licoiiscloiibi c s until discovered by a friend iiiuny liouis after, w ho, fearing something had happened, Citine, accompanied by others, to search for him. lie slowly rec veied'hisj senses, but spoke little, although tho riniieiiibraneo of all that had happened t nuiincd Impressed by terror on bis mind. Xotwi -bsttinding bis friends p iliitcd out to him the tent In bis cape, which hiviuir caupht on lie ruiiluhcn be turned round, was lorn us he fell Horn the ladder, he smiled In-creculou-ly, and prailiinllv sunk till he died, in the full belief that what he bad witucis.cd was a punishment for bis during to boast on such a suljtct. A Ltuiy't I t'.oV tit ln,tilln and Junu. 1 ti t'olosKHl lllrd of nmlnunsenr. Ill the year 1H."4I a Freneli ship cap'uin, nanied Abodie, being on the south. jt coast of Mulii- pascar, observed in the b intls of a nst've tba si eil of a gigairic ejtg w hicii lui I las n perforated ai one oi us e.iriia.ius ami u.-m lor iiointistu purpi u s. M. A i a lie, being a'tiacled by the iiiiumisI iini'H.sioiin of the i : Eg, ft't to work to proenre spet irtuns oi it, ut n uiiiiiniteiy sm T' cued in ob tainiug fr In the unlives, besides the specimen liist nen, two others, one of them ioutid in tho debris ol n recent laud-slip. The other was ilis. inleircd finm recent allmiiil fotiuii'lon, togotber with some liomsof apparently nn less gigantic sie. I' pon these obiee'i.. which weje fli.irllv after- wari'.s forwarded to Paris, ihe la c f'rofesor Isi dore diollroi ft. liilaire founded a new -'enus and species of extinct strttthioc.s birds, allied to iionotnis, tor which be proposed the natno Aaiiori is Maxlmr.s. The most striklni! charac ter of the egea of the .l ipyornis is their enormous size. 1 he largest ot the two received at Pans messtired lenethiv ie no less than two iuet and ti n inches, and bresdthwife tno feet four incites in cirvttinierence. Its i-Mrenif length in a strnielit line was twelve in he.-. l'lolessor (ieollroi St. liilaire estimated that it wi uld tontiiiti l(!i quarts, or neaily as much as fix oetrii h eggs. A large ostrich egg, we u ay mention, measures only about six Im lies in lentn, being little more than bait that ot tie Apyomis. Quarterly Joim. of .SctVncc. During the recent visit of the I'.uropoa sovetcb:na fo Klsslniten, the daily tutuic whs pro vided by the band of the Kmprens ot Austria, of sixty performers, and tbe band of the King of Havana, or iorty pcrioiuiers, bi-bidos the regalar bauds of this favoiitc watcriug-place. Tom Moore might have written the following gems, lad Le didn't : Take the bright shell Trom its home la the lea. And wherever it goes It will ting of the sea. So take the fond heart From its home and if uo .rtb, 'Twill sing of the loved To tbe ends of tbe earth. V'tt not for her the bitter tear, Nor nive thy heart to vain regret, Tui but a casket that litis here ; The gem that tilled it sparkle yet. ON AH OLD PORTKAir. V.rrt that oo'sml'e 1 tbe morn, Behind yonr go'drn la-hes, M hat are yonr Urea now t Ashes! ' Checks, that outbltrshed the roe, White arms and snowy hast, ; What is yonr beauty now ? Dust I 7 ucy Hamilton Hooker. A lir,P RAROSfRTt'.R. Kvery farmer should crefally observe the "signs of tho weather," and shaoe hi business to suit. II n may sot be able to foretell the stite of the weather by a barometer or by observing the movements of Index pointer. But if he will commit to memory the following quaint effusion of Dr. Jcnner, wbo w t celebrated in bis day for bis practical sense, bo will find In them a useful guide : "Tbe hollow troi.N begin tiblow; Tbe il'wh look black, tbe ' is low ; Tbe Htmt lads down, tho iinat" lcep, The si't'ers from their cobweb peep. 1 t"t night the mm went pale lo ld, i The ru'ioti in haloes hid her bead; The boding thrph- rd heave 'i siirli, For. see ! a rainbow spins the skv i i The vnlli are dump, the iliti'ft smell, ( C-osed Is the pink eyed pimrrnt. f llMrk, how the cAm'rs and fiiiWM crack! Oh 1 Hitltn txiiun are on the ra kt Lotid tUek the (, the ;)oe.x j cry, The distant hill are se miiot nigh ; llow rt stlesa ere the snorting irm, .'. The bosy fin disturb the kine ; Low o'er the grass the urnllmo wings, The criikH, U o, how sharp he sings! Pun on the henrth, with volvet paws, SiU wiping o'er her whiskered jaws; Thronfib the clear stream tbe tithen rise, And niuibly catch the incautious flics; The glinnmrmt, numerous and bright, Illumed the dewy dell last night; At dusk the squalid load was Seen 1 ' Jloppit g and crawling o'er the green ; . The trhtrring wind the dust obeys, And In the rapid oihly piny; Tbe froq bas changed his yellow vest, Anil In a russet coat is drest ; Though June, the. air it cvltl, and still, The mellow Uarkbinl't voice is shrill ; My 1117, so aimed in his taste, Quits mutton bones, on gr-ss to feast ; And sic yon rooks, how odd their flight, They Imitate the gliding kite, And seem precipitate lo fall, At If tbey felt the piercing bull : 'Twill surely rain. 1 sec with sorrow, Our jaunt shall be put oil t j-tiwrr Jvv." Hemimber that thero are three variable quali ties of the atmosphere, from which result varia tions In tbo weather these uro, its weight, tern ptrature, and moi ture ; and by a careful obser vation of thtsc, it is possible frequently to predi cate the weather we are likely to have. . .. tiik wr.fvr coast or afkii t. Mr. AVInwood Kendo, in a letter to the 'Vrnei, tajs: Tbo Ashantee war having jnst attracted so much attention from the public, some re uarks on bush wars in general may possibly interest your readers. Along the whole margin of the West Coast of Afi lea, I rom Hi. Louir Senegil, on the north, to Bcngnela, on the south, there is uut'a single spot which is tit tor iuvaiiuing. This gigantic raage of territory is one cessptHjl ot fever, dvscHtcry, and ev ry thing which is deadly and detestable. 1 extent a site on the Cameroon mountain, wl.li b Captain Burton li.H wisely reconiiuouded as a sanitarium. At the In st of times the military hospitals arc ulwuys tolerably iuil. Imagine, iheu, the bar mrs of a campaign In su"b a country. Every nifbt tbe army is t ucked by an irrcnistinlo un seen foe tbo muluria of the swamps. Then there is always a poor supply of food; on the (iold Coast sheep ami cutthj can only be obtained as, ai tides of qriui tnandi se. There aro no ro ids btoaccr than sheipwalks; tho soldiers .ire forced to curve their way through the woods with their swoids. Engagements con -1st sim.ily in u series of umbuscailes, and for this style of warfare Westirn Africa is admirably suited, fatqtc appeals to have created these forest and swamps ft r tbo preservation of the nuked ne;:ro, as nhe l ab r.roteeted thn imreio.l-, ,, armil-Hllo, and the 'iillimitor, wilh hldeou and i in tenet rabla coverings. Now, one need not be blessed wlib a military genius to understand that oll'misivi) arture uiniersueii encu in -unices is scarcely in le n c nniiended ; anil tho liis.mc. raid which nan .just I cen made n gaunt the Asliantees is, far hups, the most curious insiance of human unorunce und piesuiuption winch can be found iinorg the blupUeisOl wlonwl htspjry, It is iiinernily supposed that the negroes aro a fen ciotts race, who assassinate w hite men wlpju. ever tiny can do so ,vitn i'upnntty, undwUi) iittot'b tbe same relish to h'ood from u buinati skull as we tlo to '20 p' rt lrm adn-ty, cmsrebby bottle, lint I must assert that 1 hive touud tuu negroes timid, tl.ii!iniite, courteous, thorough n en of the world, lo h to shed blood, except when their tears or their rel'gious passions aro nrnnst d. Above all, t'uuy b .ve great coniiii ircial It ie.-ight. They riceive liom us white men thoo luxuries which hava no v l:'couio their nacessv lieb Ibo lotion cloths witn which they ciothe tbemstlves; the gluss beads with which th.-y inlorn themselves; tho rum with which 1 lie v in toxicate tlumselves; the powder uni gu.is wiih wbiib tiny shoot us when we icav i theia no nlttrnuthc. Iwtiipiove how relticiaut they are lo make use of this demu r rmurt. A siibsltern, who many months a;ri went up the conntrv wi'h the lirst expedition (long b.'0: i und hereafter at, that hour, thus making a con tbe lititish iniblic heard of th.se doii), m- section at (iiafton for the Northwestern road. loimed nie that on one occasion they pa-sod an iiuihuseudc of 2UII Ashautces, as they uftorwards (lisioveted from some men whom the K.iutis hid tuktn prisoners. When nsked how it was they bud not ilred, they replied tlmt they had received oiders from ibe king not 'o hurt the while men. "We are i,t war with die 1'iiinie," they wtid, "not with jou ; and it you go to war with us on ac count of Ihese leliows, we will not light with m ii. in this lir-t c.iiupagn, ut ull events, thoy kept thi ir word. Tbe detachment returned with- ut having seen an Asbuntcc; ull the lighting having bu n done In thu F.iut'S, our allies. Vndcroidinarv circumsttinecs the coist co'o- r ies m e carrisoncu by one of tbt Wot ludia rcgi- ' inet.ts. Tlicy are s-tit there, one is told, topri-! ti ft tbe trade. 1 have M'tB good deal t f mill- j tnry 1 1 i,t. linn an, oils' the French, the F.ngiish, iintl the l'ortuguc.-o cioni-t-, and 1 can ailiun J Unit trade Kueivc- that kind of protection from niiliiBty forces which the brazen pdt in ".Eiop's Fables was desirous of otleiiug to the cluy one. It is inilitnry irolei tit u whii h bas stilled trade I In the Senegal, which bas ruiucd several Lisbon firms by its cumIiici in Augoln.and which is nu'.v choiii -i i'i tninercc on the (odd Coast. The real i 14 oh 1 1 Al t U a Isi tn.ctt d Irom her oil rivers , the (ulal ars, lirims, Bonny, und I ten in. In thee tivcrs, where there is no military pro'ec- j li'n.tl.e whim man Is never molested ; in llomiy lie Is even in jit tin t is to say, hu is an article of fi'isb, like the Iguana or any other sacred auiuial, which none may Injuie under pain of dcaib. Sometimes, it is true Hie traders have laid debts, 'l i en tbey send to Consul H irton at Fernando Vo, who sends n piuilitiai into tho river, which lies ( vi r the town t il it Hvs. The ii.gioes are rially ufraid of m n-of-war, ' nod of tbu ftcat gnus which guard our colonial town, lint they l.mgli ut our dillh'd negroes, vho n lift Imbed cut asony figure floundering thtuiii'h twuiups, it numbing "in beautiful o'ller" into ami iincadcs. It appears to nie and : I bine studied this mailer verv satcfullv on the ' i pi I thut these iu,h:.ppy roidiers, ami their still moil ni.bi'ppy ctliccrs.uie us -less in West Afiici, and that it is, to all intuit" arid puruoes, tin a"t of cine'dy to send them ihere. Thee colonics c i,M raite a militia unite capable of manning their cannon and of defenoing their homes; ami tor imposes of Invasion u Napoleonic army would meit away in those great forests like snow. As for the rivers, gunboats might be run up once a month ; this service would he one of dan ger ou Account of the climate, and tbe pay should therefore be ruised in proportion, fstill 'it would be one of impunity compared n ith that which the soldiery now sullcr ou the coast ; for the former have it always in their power to escape to that gnat mmitaritim the sea. I'ooii Old ViitoiMA. Formerly noted for her hospitality, her chivalry, and her patriotism, she peiiniltcd berseil to be mar-haled into tbe ran!. a of rebellious States. Having sacrilied her loyalty ou Ibe altar of shivery, she followed the idiotic counsel of Wise, and yieldod to the tyrannic sway of the thief Floyd, and the meuace of the lit artless and unscrupulous Moaon. What a spectacle does Virginia prenent to the clvili.ed world! In vain the voice of l'otrick llcury comes echoing along the aisles of the past, in tcnc f patriotism that stir the heart with emo tion. In vain the words of the gresst Washington who in Ihe car of the "Old Dominion." fche is deaf and dumb and blind with rebellion, awl stumbles over t',e tomb of Washington into lie itulf of ruin, bite now spits upon patriotism, and tramples It in the dust, and bums it iu ctiigy, and billies It behind masked baitcriea. If her cities be burned to the ground, und her soil plowed Willi caunon-balls, and watered with blood, and the whole baud laidwaste.lt is her own fault. Several Kuroposn sovereign, are devoting much attention to music. The reigning king of Hanover and tbe Duke of fsaxe-Coburg have both composed operas ; and the young King of bavaria is oiukiug uiutic his hobby. GENERAL A YEP. ILL'S VICTORY. KARROW ESCAPE CF B'CRtJSliXO. Ilobel Gon. Johnson Captured and Escapes Again. TOTAL, ROUT OF THE ENEMY. immexsi: riPTCREs ny orn me. Washiwotos, Augnst . The Star ayi tb.it the nuthorlties bore have most gratifying Information of the victory ob talred by General Averill on Sunday last, at Moorrfleld, Weet Virginia, over tho Uebel foroes under General McCausUnd and Johnson, that recently burned Chanihcrsbnrg. AverHI o' crtixk tbeni at M-iorct'old, attacked, and utterly routed them, capturing between fivo and six hundred prisoners, including (jjncral Johnson (who subsequently escaped), and his IV:i!e staff, with their bendqt.arler cjlors. ILj also took n'.l tbo Itetiel artillery, train, und colors, anil a largo quantity ot stnill arms. M ;Cauland himself barely ccapod by Hying into tbe mittnUius. Averill pursued the scattered remnant of the Keb l force for twenty live miles, capturing many of the fugitives. His eptiro loss in killed is seven men. Mo the Cbanibeisburg raiders buve thus "Karly" coiuc to grief. The pursuit was only abandoned n hen Averill's horses wore too exhausted lo follow the enemy further Into the mountains. DEPARTMENT OF THE SOUTH. SUCCESSFUL EXPEDITION FLORIDA. TO CAPTURE OF A RAILWAY TRAIN. THE BLOCKADE-RUNNERS. New Youk, August 9. The ateatner Fulton, from l'ort Hoyal via Fortress Monroe, arrived here to-day. She. brings exchanged 1'nion prisoners from Charleston. General Dirney h id made a raid In Florida, destroying several bridges, capturing a locomo tive and several cars, and a quantity of small arms. We now bold ll.ilJwIti and C imp Milton. A blockade-runner ran Into Charleston on Wednesday Dlght. Our released ottieers report that since they bad been confined in Charleston fivo blockade-runners had rnn in. The firing on Charleston and l'ort Sumter con tinued. GEN. KELLEY'S DEPARTMENT. THE RECENT REBEL DEFEAT BATTLE EXPECTED AT WINCHESTER. DISPATCH FROM GENERAL KELLEY. Xi:w Ciikek, W. Va.. August 5. Governor IWeninn : I have jnst arrivnd here. Thoeuoiay were effectually repulsed, and are rapidly retreut Ing townrds Mooreilcld. Wo bavo saved West Virginia from a toirible rcourginit by this in vailing artny of Itelielsnnd int.nlers. it. F. Ki:t.LtiY. Udgndier-Gcncial. MSWSi'M'r.R ai. tot srs. li Whetting l.uMi'jtns-r, .luiiulti. Wo ito not at liberty to publish ail the private news coming to us ui rela iou to tho situation around New I reek nml (Juinbttrland. Wo miy Miy in general terms that 0icrations in tbe T ci nitie of those places aie progressing prouiis inti ly. We expect to hear S'ill further uood news to-diiy. General Kelley bas foiled the Ko icls in their programme so fur, i'Ud we think mat with the eo-oiienulon lie is receiving a lolcrably deci sive blow will be s rut k. The cngiicomvDt noar New Cn'ek, recorded In bis despatch s to Governor H irom in, was a stub born tii;bt, in w hich tho enemy w re worsted and driveii oil'. All praiso to the ga'l mt men who so bravely did tin ir dtitv. Tho llobols retire I tow aro iloorelield. Tbey will proliably not bo allowed to furry long in that mvglihorho.id. Thn llabimore P ad is intact between tut ana CiimlH'rlniiil. und fo arc the telcgrapii wires. 'I he train wi 1 fro out this m irninj at 1i o'clock. The Itvbel I'rc nail IKsslitnis. Wii.i.i.vMsi'onT, August 8, A. M. The follow ing informal ion is stiictly reliable, and can be I, .... ii . lj. 1 niw.n in nil rjifltwpta for if nepurilev i he present effective strength and orgatiiation ' of the Hebcl army that has been operating in Vir ginia and Maryland is ns follows : . General Karly commands the army. Generals Khodesnnd bivckinridgecomoiind oseh acorns. I The corns commanded by General Hreckinridgo Is eoinposcd of two divi-i ins, now commanded I bv Gent nils W harton and Gordon. In Rhodes' ri-.... lo ILmn,'. IViviBinn un,l llllnrl,d, olil 111. vision. With thc-o cor,is uro artillery battalions and caralrv briitS'lcs. TUB nKllCL ini-wtbv. The strength of Early 's f rco is a follows: Wharion's Division, liit'M strong; Gordon's Divi tlon, 1SII0 strong; It unsetir's Division, 2203 strong; Khodes' old Division, aOOO strong. TUB HKIliX CAVAI.RV. The entiro cavalry force is MOO strong, em bracing Vaughn's, Jackson's, lraboden's, and McCiiu.-lnnd's liigndo. TUB KltllKI. ARTJll.ItRY. . General Loug is Chief of Artilloryof the in vading Hi be I nnuv. Tho artillery is organized into three battalions, as follows: Johnston's battalion, eight gnus ; Nelson had twelve, but lost four, eiipttind by Averill; liraxton's battalion, twelve guns. McLaughlin ha twenty guns under Lie per sonal com mund. cousistiug of two battalions of aitillivy onited. Lieutenant-Colonel King Is Chief of Artlllory ot General IlrcelUnridgo's Corps. The entire strength of Karly' Rebel army is, In inlniitrv, six thousand eight hundred men; cuvairv, live thousand fivo hundred men; anil U rv, six hnniired nu n, and forty guns. Total, tw elve thousand nine hundred men, and forty Pieces,,! artilierv. This does not include two I leimenls of infantry left at Winchester to guard the rear unit uc mmulating stores; nor does it in-iudc sections of Hying artillery attached to the eavaSiy. now thi: ithM.j.s ciiOKSF.n the totomac. In tha lute movement Gordon and Wharton crossed at Phephardstotvn, and Kamseitr and Khodes at Wllluimsport. Kainseur and Hhodes marched dow n tho river banks to Downsville, and then formed a junction with Itrcckiuridge and Gordon in the interior. WHY THL'Y blt'N'T STOP. We bad made a movement tiat compelled tbe enemy to make a hasty retreat lr.to Virgimn, mid so, by Sunday morning, the whole ol Ka ly's force retreated over the river, via WtlHaui.porr. witi'.iiE thi:y Alia now. Tho enemy's pickets appear to-day on the south bank of the river, opposite this place; but we judge, from information received, that F;arly is moving up towards Hunker Hill '.or Winchester. The Baltimote and Ohio Itailroad has buen thoroughly destroyed frou Harper's Ferry to North Mountain depot, the culverts blown up, the bridge fired or Knocked don n by aid of artil lery, the ties burned and tbe rails warped. Hi ULL bTOHEHOl'Sl h M1I1.KK THE I'tUMT W ILL COML Oil. F.arly has been accumulating stores at Win chester. The expected engagement U now transferred to Virginia. AVir I'ork Herald. 1'runi 4 inclnnntl. CtNciNKATt, Augutt 8. Thore la no news from the South. One hundred and tony hogsheads of tobacco have arrived here from raduoah mnce r aturday for New York. From ('llfornlM. San Fbancisco, August S. The Itcauier Gulden Hate bas arrived from Panama. AtrornT or uf.wfraw. AnnoTirsi KXPEDITIOW K01I PEXttACOLA. W have received, through private sources, tha following account of General Asboth'a expedi tion, which set'ont from I'enaacola on the 21st, on a raid Into Alabama. Ilobel prisoners captured by this force reported the return of Oenoral Rousseau's expedition to J iln B her man : ' T'pon leaving F.irt narrancas ou the 21st Inst., and after marching somo thirty miles, we at tacked a force of the enemy at dtybreuk, at Camp Gon.ales, on tho I'eusacola Itailroad, lif tecn miles above I'ensacola. There were three companies of the 7th Alabama Cavalry, in com mand of Colonel Hudson, of over l'-"l men each. They bad completed a new fort, which they de fended most vigorously ; hut which submitted to Ibo dash of our men after hall an hour's bard tmhting. they left tbclr regimental Mag, a large quantity of stores, amiimni ion, horses, cattle, etc., and eight prisoners, among whom was a lieutenant. We advanced toward Tollurd, and had a slight cnvnlrv engagement between part of C iinpany 11, lltb New York Cavalry, and a part of the 7th Alabama Cavalry. We capiuied three prisoners, with horsos, arma, Ac , losing one horse killed. Tho prisoners taken state, that to chock our advance ihe Hetuls had destroyed tbo F,no Italic n Bridge, on both sides of which art im passable swamps. With a view of destroying a trusel work at and below l'erdtdo station, and cutting the telegraph line, and descending between l'crdido river and Mobile Hay, und so capturing the camps of Withers and l'owell. an order was despatched to have transportation in readiness on the 'Jtitb at Ntienecis Ferry, on the 1'erdido river; but, after advancing some seven milos further, wo received from reliable sources information that all the available forces from Mobile were being sent up the railroad to check our progress. It was then deemed prudent to return, having but a small force and only two pieces of artillery. General As both returned to Harrancas without the loss of u man. All tbe prisoners taken agreed in the statement that Rousseau's force had cut the Alabama Railroad, snd having InllicMd I great deal of damage, had returned north. S. (. Tim', July 31. TO-DAI'S WASHINGTON NEWS. Special Dfspatcht's to Evening Telegraph. WsHtHoTOW, August 9. 4;enernl MrClPllaii. There is no truth whatever in the report that the War Department has atithori.ed G moral McClcllan to raise nn army of one hundred thousand men Immediately for special service tinder his command. Ttif) I'eterKbnru Court of Inquiry. ' A Court of Inquiry was ordorcd by the Presi dent to assemble iu front of Petersburg, on or nbotit tbe 4th ot Augast, to examine into and report upon the facts and circumstances at tending the unsuccessful assault on the Rebel works on July HO. This court is reported to have convened on Saturday last, and after discussing some preliminary arrangements, adjourned till Monday, when the examination of witness wli commence. Tbe following aro said to comprise the detail for tho Court : Major-General W. S. Hunco k, United States Volunteers, President. lirigadier-Gcncral 11. 11. Ayrca, United States Vounteer. Drigadler General N. II. Miles, United 8tacs Volunteers. Colonel E. Schrivor, Inspector-General and Judge-Advocate. It is understood that tho Court nro to report their opinion whether any officer or ottieers are answerable for the result of the assault, and, if so, to name them. NnrKcnn-tJenernt Hsmnisnd, It is understood that the sentence of the Court Martial in tbe case of Surgeon-General Hammond is, that ho be suspended from his rank and pay for three years. CnNeiif Ueneral Wild. The proceedings in tbo cases of Drig idier-Ocne-ral E. A. Wild, who was tried by Court Martial for disobedience of orders, convoncd by order of General Utildy Smith, have been submitted to General Ilutler and disapproved. It npyears that prior to tho sitting of tho Court Ilutler had issued nn order requiring that a m ijirity of a court convened to try officers commanding colorod troops should bo composed of a like class oi'olllcers. In this case tho composition of the court tlid not comply with that order. The Com manding Gtncral, however, upon the merits of the case, announcod that General Wild should be released from arrest and returned to duty, lulernul Mrvcmne. The receipts from internal revenue now aver ago about $1,000,000 per day. The receipts from nil sources amount to about $.',000 0)0 per day. Witrnints for :i,()00,0il0 passed the Treasury to day, to pay the army. Potomac p:ymastcr.s will leave here to morro w. l'inrlmuH t'oiiNOlidttteil. The departments of Washington, the Susquc lisnns, Western Virginia, and tho Middlo De partment, have been consolidated into a gr ind military division, to bo called the "Middle Mili tary Division," and placed under tho comuund of General Sheridan, headquarters at Harper's Ferry. The following order has this day boon promul gated. IIkaiiqva htkrh Mnmi.R MiLiTvitY Division, IIahi'Ku'h Klukv, Va., August 7, 1 Wit. Goner d Orders No. 1. In compliuico witn Generil Orders No. 10, dutnd Wa-hinirton, August 7, lHtil, the uudorslgned hereby iis.umos c imni i'ie of the Middle Military Division, comprising the following military departments : Middle Da partmei.t of Wellington, Departnicntoi Susque hanna, Department of West Virginia. Until further orders, the Headquarters Military Divi sion will be at Harper's Ferry. P. II. Siir.uttiAN, Major-General Comniiiuding. I'rovost .Tlnrsbiil of oiiuny IvmuiIi. The President ho t removed Colonel Dotui'oid, Provost Marshal-General of Pennsylvania, and appointed Captain Dodge, Mu-tcring and Dis owning olllcer ol that Mate, to fill the vacancy. The Irrt t he Enforced. From tbo following letter to the Provost-M ir sbul of the Wheeling District, it appears tb it the draft will certainly be enforced in those districts which fall to till their quota before the oth of September: I'Hoxoxr Maksiiai.-Genfhai.'kOfiii'H, Wabii iboton City, Auifust 3. Colonel John Kly, A. A. P. M. General, Wheeling, W'c-t Virgiuii: See that your hniol.lng Hoards spare no p uns in correcting the enrolment lists, and making ail necessary preparation for proceeding promptly with the draft in September. (Signed) J. II. Fky, Provost Miiritnil-General. tiik sew f'liM'iiiiiiKtri: i: ittirAtt v Or Tilt'. TKEANIKY. rt ihe lont-iowi-y Alvei titcr, All who take an interest in the nubile welfare , of the country will hail with j iy the announce- jut in iiiiu inc iion. ucorge a. ircnnoim, ot i i.aricston, nas necn cauei to tne helm ot the Ticasury Department. There is probably no mun in the Confederacy better qualiticd for this responsible position than Mr. Trenholm. lie is a resident, and, we believe, a native of Charles ton, South Carolina, and stands at tbe head of ihe financiers and successful merchants of that proud old city. He is about fifty-five years of age, tan, straight, ana slightly corpulent. Ihe contour of bis face plainly bespeaks Intelligence, As tl i e senior nartner of the house of John Fiuicr Co., be has acquired that expcrleute in monetary ntlairs that, we coulidently believe, w ill enable him to carry us safely through tko cruis. Ills firm has been and is engaged more largely than any other in blockade-runuing, and by a judicious scleetiou of Ihe cargoes, iiiiiurtiiig only such stores as would bo useful to the Gov ernment, he has greatly aided u. in carrying on, the war, und especially has he contributed no little to the defense of Charleston. Aside from the qualities of the mind which he possesses, those of his heart are not lcb. brilliant und i.umerous. Many, very many, are tho poor widows aud orphans, houseless refugees unjsick aud maimed soldiers, who hies and honor the name of George Treuliolm, as the friend in the hour of their Una, st need, and many more thank an nuknown benefactor for some Kind ottice,aud remember him in their prnvers. His great wealth gives the means, he seeks the opportunity. Although Mr. Treutolm takes hold of his department in a most Inauspicious moment, v hen its atlair. aro de cidedly "snarling," yet we look for tbe happiest reti.lt from this appointment. President Davis and Ins Cabinet may congratulate theiuselte that they have called to their councils a niau who to admirably combine tho best traits of head aud hcurt ai docs Gtore A. Trenhoiui. EUROrEAW NEW3. AmerleaiB Sfavnl AfTnlrw Irew-platd Rum Nuaillai WslwirS, 'LlvsmvooL, July 29. An unknown iron-plated rm, bearing the United States flag, passed the Isle of Wight, to tho westward, on tho 2 ith ult. It is explained that the reported aea fight olf Bantry Bay, July 11. was mere artillery practice by the coast guard men on board an English war vessel. Certain Semmcs is still in this city, rnrupenn Relafnresmenls fur Ihe t alon Army, frmrx 'tjlijrtati'1 .WWvtwr, July VS. A Hamburg vessel, tho iiartamle, bas just left. Antwerp, for Boston, with thren hundred and sixty Ilelalnn and German recruits for tho Amer lt an Federal army. A Kebel Irn-lntel Rsm nt Hr-n I ntler lie I nlnn t lar. Our F.uropenn advices by tbo Itihrrnlnn and Oft of London inform tia that an Ir.m-pl ite I steam' war ram, hoisting tho United States' flag, was seen passing the Isle of Wight on tho afternoon of the 2bth of July, steering t lh wes'word. AVe regard this Intelligence as conveying a fac of the utmost importance, and consequently cal tbe especitii attention of the fxocnttve,revenuB mil port authorities to it. 1 he ni ed States Govern ment has no ram of any description employed In if service off the cousts of Knrope or on the Atlantic, whereas the Rebel naval representatives in the Old World have, as everybody knows, tiaded in vessels of this description, from L iird's v ard, at Ilirkenliciid, K.mtland, to Hordcnux, In France, and thence away to the shores of tha Uo'Pborna. - Toe steam ram which passed the Isle of Wight on tbe 2btb of July was, in all likelihood, a Bcb.-I ram, notwithstanding the fact that, she displayed the Union flair. This bas, no donbt, been done in order to enable her to escape luterrapption ou the part of our cruisers. If the were a Hehel war vessel, she must he nnar our coast by this time, find it behooves the ?ort officers and naval authorities nt New York, loston, Philadelphia, Portland, and the mouth of tbe James river to keep a sharp lookout f ir ber. An iron-plated Rebel mm could Inibct the most serious damage npon our city In a sink'le niftht. A dashing and unscrupulous commander like Sommea, in a staunch vessel of this class, might, in fact, hold New York at his mercy for soaue hours. -V. 1'. Herald. WfJRTF.RH PI BMNIIKRH' AHWM'IATIOST. The Western Publishers' Association met at Detroit on Tuesday last. Mr. If. N. Walker, of the Detroit Fret Vrtsu, was elected President, and Mr. J. E. Scripps, of the Detroit Advertiser and Tribune, Becretury pro tern. The following named gentlemen were present : Chicago rnbune, J. McDill ; Chicago Times, II. B. Chandler; Indianapolis Ncnlinel,. H. Khlor; Cleveland Jsadur, E. Cowles; Louisville Jour 'rial. J. D. Osborne: Cleveland HeraM, A W. Fairbanks; Dayton Journal, W. D. Bckham; Lomlno county (Ohio) Sevi, L. L. Hicc ; Cincin nati Commercial, John A. Gano; Cleveland I'latndealer, J. s. tstepuenson; cincinniil Uatette, Kichard Smith ; Detroit ,-liii rij-r and Tribune, J. F". Conovor iind J. K. Scripps; Detroit Free Vrest, H. N. Walker and Jacob Bums. A very interesting discussion took place on the subject of telegraphic despatches, which, how ever, was ultimately refer ed to tho directors of tho Association, with authority to take such action as tbey may deem proper, such action to be taken as speedily as possible. the following pntu ot . organization was adopted : ahticles ov association or agreement under tbe actio provide for tbe incorporation of asso cla inns for the publication of periodic tls, newspasors, books, tracts, documents, and other publications, approved March 7, IWI : 1. The name of this Association shall be " fhu Western Assoela ed Press," and its head or prin rtpnUflice shall bo located in the city of Cleve land. 2. The otijectof this Association is to promote the gem ral interest of publishers of newspapers in tbe Western States, by securing and d sseml liBting eirticr and more correct Intormstion uo m all subjects, by procuring fuller and more perfect telt graphic reports; better and cheaper "print paper' by introducing into nse any and all luhor-saviiig machines applicable to the publish ing business, and generally to olovate the charac ter of the press in those States. 3. The cupliul stock of this association sha'l he 2.",000, divided into shares of $'25 each, m iking in all 100U shares, tbe same lo be incroasad from lime to time by a vote of a majority of tbe sluro b oiders, as shall bo deemed nei'cssary : J'rorided No one establishment shall be permitted to tako more than four shaies. 4. The term of existence of said association, shall ho thlrty.years. 6. Tbe property, stock and affairs of this As sociation shall be controlled bv a Board of seven Directors, wbo shall be elected annually on the first Wednesday of August. Tho said Board of Directors, at the first meeting, shall elect one of their number President, and a Secretary and Treasurer, either from their ntunlier or other wise, as tbey shall deem expedient, and shall bavo authority to pass such Itv-lnws as may bo necessary, not inconsistent with these articles of association. Tbe following gentlemen were duly elected tho Board of Directors : Messrs. Fairbanks, of Cleveland; Elder, of In dlnnapolis; Walker, of Detroit ; Richard Sol th, of Cincinnati; Mt dill, of Chicago; Fishback, of St. Louis; and Osborne, of Louisville. Itesolutlous wero adopted, instructing tho Directors to lay tbo articles of tbe Asso'iatioti before the press In tho several States, and pro cure their subscriptions thereto; authori.iug thoin to investigate the wood paper question, requesting them. If they find its rn inula ture feasible, to prepare a plan for the establish ment of a mill, a- d submit It to tbe different mem bers of tbo Association through a circular, re commending tho ncw8ptiicr publishers in the I 'nited Stales to diminish the si.o of their pipers for tbo purpose of decreasing the consumption ; ti e adoption of a uniform measure in the width of their columns, aud tbo increase in the sub scriptions of weekly pupers to i-M) for singlo subscribers, and fi us tbe minimum club rates. At u meeting ol the Directors, uciu sutise. qucnt lo tbclr election, II. N. Walker was chosen President, Georgo Kuupp, Treasurer, and W. D. Bickhaui, Secrelary. J. D. O-borno, Joseph Medill. and Klcnnrd bmiiu were ap Pointed a comniitieo to contract with the New York Associated Press, and the Telegraph Com pany, lor regular despatches. Arrival of Menmera N ew Yohk, Aoguit 9. The steamships Fulton, .Won, and Woahiiiiitoa arrived at this port thi morning. Their news nas neen anticipated. lHlh ol I'x-fjlov. John 11 ro w U Frnnrl. PHovinRNt K, Angust n lix Governor John Btown Ftuucis died to-duy. I 1G1IT IIOVSF (,'OTTAG K, li AtLASIIf CfTV.N.J., vi.iiiKST liiu'si: in nil', hi. vi II. Tli'a wet:- ki;.w n l.ou"e la now oi.ca fur the rw.ei.iloa ,f llearcera. Itiiihini: never was better. iu:i le, J.WOUTTON, Proi-rwior, FTEAM WF.F.KLY TO LIVFIR- ,lnt.l tuiielihia at Olieenalewn, (.'oik ItarlKsr. - Ill, .iil siniHil sleaiiiera ru tl.e Liverpool, T, and l'liilinlt Ipl.ia btciuii bii i'ompaiiy aio Inttodwi iu sau n- iiiiuiwa : fITV HI1' MANOH'STER, Saturday, Auirnst 18 CITY OK l.WNIXlS.Haiordav. Aluuul JO. CI I V OF HAl.TIMdltl'.. hnlanhrv. Aimut2. An1 etcry tiitci-rdbi). saiiinlmy, ai U'.ou, f.um Pier No. 44 Mum itiver. RATP8 nr PAHSACR. Paval.leln Oold. or llatuulvaleiu In I'arreaey : Mint I Min SsmcuO 8teraii AJO'iA) Plrat Cabin lo f.onjoa s', tm hti-eraiie to ltitlua... MOO Flfatl ol.ili Iu Pun.... I' tsi MiearuKelo Pana 4U 00 l'irat Cul.ln lolliiuihlirsWeOO hleeruno lo I tatoborv . . S7 00 PH-heimera are also lorwaiik il to lla re, llrauiuu, ltol ter.lnin, AntHerp, Ac , at a.iilly li.wr.ilaa. I t. re- lu in l.beri.oi.l ur lilieeutt'.w n : l'irat Cabin. ts.' , flu". Hteerane frum l.lveri.,sil and Vueemlown, '1 Li.ae w tin w ish Iv acud tor their lrieuda cau buy tickets bare at lliese rut.-a. 1 or luither inluinutl u apt.tyat the Compaay'a f.mcaa. ,.otin j. i.Ai.s., Alfeiu, Kf. ill W A1.M T 81 rat t, I'l, lluit.-lpi.i l. . BOisTON ANU l'lilLADKLI'HI A ... ik.i .1- B..-m.i i . Line, aaillnjt from each nort on S.v 1 1 lil.AVS. Hew first h.irf uiH)v PINK istreol.l'liila- ui.pt a. m.d In.iir; Wl.iitf, Hiinlou. rr.aa flrat wharf ab.ve PIN L ptiotft.ti haturaav. August i;, isu.i. 1 e steinusiiipbAX'tN, MatUiewa, will aall In.in Phila delphia l..r 11..H. .a.oii H.itiireay,Auiiiiat 111. at loo'clock A . M ; ana tha ateainsLip NOUMAM. r.aker.lroiallMWalor l'ln.ad..li.lilit. ou aaine day, at 1 1 . am. Thi'ite la w and sBl.atuutiaJ fetuaiiiil.lns form a regular line, hat line lioia ea.b ui.it pinielualiy t halurda Insuranet-a i-Ilvctad at oui-hall lav luuuui CltArgei Ou ..lt vessels. l- r.-i.-hlk taken at fair rates. Sjippera are n-'iueated to send Slip Receipt and stills LaJli's' with tli.-ir ii.khIs. tor I'laiuiori'auoaaC (i.mitiff nne aceomnionnvoaa; apply to i.r.,iKi tvi.o'.k tt i o ;alti N0.&4 8.HLLAWAUL Amaa. ,A,ra FOR NEM' YORK. DF8PATCH aaaAmi!in3s, and uuiu'e Llnea, via lKlaare and br.iiuiilji.Ai. '1 tie ateauK'la ol' tlieae Uuea aro lev1ru( uuily at IV u'clook M., and I o clock p. tl., iroiu tbusl pior above Walnut atrevt. 1 or freight, hir-h will ba tttken on secounnodatiog aeiina, ai.iy lo r iu.i.vai aa, UAUllf a CO., AH. o. IOU CAL1F0KNIA. ItEOI'KNINa td IliVii (t tttc Mtiiiii-u Koutc XU nietjttut new OH 0 A 11 HII4V Allan.. !ir at KrVkfl. pau v I Malt.-l);0. Appli to W. A. HAM n X, b-IC lot lo. 1T WALNUT oo.it. RAILROAD LINES. VEW RAILROAD LINK NOllTH. rtlll.At'Kl fill A T HKOOKtYM, THHOK1H IM MVK Hot Ks). r A KK !. r.XOfHSIOSt TK'HKTS) H.tMMlll TOH THHr.i: rAT. On n,t ftr VOStlAY, Viol I, )s..t. tmlns will sue Tri iff VK atfsfH. PtlllAils'pMK, flvsr, rnArnint S A M. (Siinaiirs eseepti)),tli re liy th CJtn.l m4 At-. IspiIr and Kurltsn nnil Itslswure Majs KsllnisiU ut Pnrt Mt ntnnuth, ana by the cemnoat.nn stsntur Jerni H"Tt, to ( ot or AtUiitie Rtreei. ltrM,kljti ; retiiralnr, lenva At laMtlc HtrelWhrr (vary day (HuntUya uoted). at 11 A M. Trnvctprn fo th rtty of Vew Vsrit ara neilSfd ant ta ai-ply hir paiffp lv thla Utii, theMtat f yiw y liatitof ilMua ta lti t'anirsn ar.d Amlsiy nvTwip.ily lh r. lit-OP prtvtba. nl cam Inn pnnsovsrs snd li eiv ht tw tt.e rul.-a ot Ptelaslitiln a't.l Vsw Vn-h. tvW-ti" W. K. eillll Ml'ia. ilenfirsl SuportaUixImt. 1 riTlI.ADF.LrillA, OF.nMANTOWN, AND J. MiKUIMIOWH nut. no Ml. Ti M K TAIII.n nn an alter MON HAY, uy Pi, )s4, unit) lurtbar r.utiea. FOR t.KRM VHTOWXJ. Lfsve PMIadeipiua s, ;, i, !l lo 11, li A. M.; 1,2,3 10,, .1,. 4, ."1.&S.S I.S.il, III, II. In P H Lms ituanlt.u n,ii, , 7 .vi.N, S JO. 'I, 10, 11, 1 A. St., 1.V..1.1. .H.", .',. 7, a. a, ui. i) an, vi p. M ThsSMaonn, and the .l and tralna ap, do not atf on die 0' rniant,. n Urai h. I'llK'NfT HII.L TtAItltOtO. tanve Phllailelplila.ll, S,lU,i A.M.) 1, 3i,l,1.9, ana li P. M. Uavcf'hesxat Hill, 7'ltt, ., II 40 A. M. 1 1 ,, 3, fti.ti m.s in, nu ui 1 1 v. vt. KOU l ONHlHIIIta KK.M AKt NiHRlTOWV. f rnvs Pliilad. Iphla S,0j, ltti, 3a. t i.).U.r,, an.lll1, P. M. I.av SnrrHlown,6l,,7, 7-60, ami 11 A. M. 1 IS. , K, an,l P. M Tl s ii1 train nn, will ahv at WlMahl.-aon, Muiaynnkf and toi.ihoisoaui'iy. i ' Hill VASAPXK. 1ave Philadelphia. H,-, H O.'. A M., 1, 3,4,',M, ',. s t.iinid HAa I'. II. Uava Manayunk.s'a.Tif.sj-tfii, S'i, 11 'S A M., llir, and r.'a r. at. . il. iv,sniiiii.,.-ii-ri,i-'ui,.-i, pi,i-7,i. By:il Ixiuot, MM H a id I HI.KW Utrea. VOKTH VF.NNSYLVANIA RAII.KOA'). 1 For BhTMbKIIKM, IsilVt,K'''WN, mtttlt, MAI I II fllll NK. IIALfclU-l, W II.HKMIAHHG. alMI V' 11.1,1 A.MriPt HIT, Ml ssr.it Jom.virLflr,ai. AllllirtO.NAl, 1KIMS. On and afV-r VONIiAY. June M. IkH l'a.rr Trahas will leave llie JO-w lieiMa, THIHIt Mtreel.ahoa Tt.onio- snn (tic. t. I bilailnpliia, daily ist uduys eseepusui, as fnllnwa 7 AM. tEsnrsaal Ihf Bsthlenem, A 'leotown, Mancb , rhnna, Wl'kestiarrs. WllllanM"rt. li li A M. ( Aic.oi.aa, 1st an J r. r imyiefiwn. lfs A. M ( A"een nesUOan' fir Fan Waahlngtna. S P. -M. Aerotl nitwlallep) fur llovle.town P. M. tE'P'ess) rr Hialiiehlu,haalon, A, fl.'i P. M . (Mail) for l)i' M-lown. Mi P M. ( Aeenminodatiun) fur llcttdehsm, All ale n 1, nd MatH'ti i 'hunk tela P M. ( Aeeemnindnllnn) for linsdAle. 11 P. M. (AcenmniiKlntmnl ror Fart Washington. TIlAlMS HOt PIIII.ADKI.PIIIA l eave neMik hem at il : A M , !l ,1 A M , and 107 P. M. Itoylratewn at i. 0 A. M., 3 46 P. l.,and 7 P. M. LankiiHle al tl A. M t art W ttl,.i,Kl"D at 11 W A. At. and 2 P. M. fN SliNDAVH. PhPadelphla Unr Brthleltrni at 9 A. i. I'hlla.l. Inhla Air ll.ivlesbtWB at.l P M. Jl,i)lest.ivu .r rhllailfllilnaai 7 'JO A Al. b. ll.l. h. in tor Pin a.l.Jphla at t P. .M. lilliiiian Hacm.' V xereai will en I f..r ami .Vlvar it5 irnup m Oie ilpui.t. Orders ma, Do lait at No. 119 8. I U1HD Street. . I hi J M.LISl VL.AHK, axaiit. v 11 E A 1) IN G RAILROAD. IIHF.AT TKI'NK MVP, kiiom pmt.AiiKi. iiia to riin ivrp.mon op l't.VHll(VAMA,THK sn 111. SJtB- ( ortdAVSA.PCMHltfll AS , SI) wvomij!. VAixer, KORTII, SOIlTllWESr. AND TUF. CAN ADAS. PANHKSOK.lt TltAfSS ' Leave tha rempaiiy'a ILpot. at TIIIRTF.FVTH sn4 Al.l (iwntl.L Mtiects, Philadelphia, at tho following noma I .. . MOHSINQ M AIL. Al sir, A.M. for Kta.linv. I eoa..n. Eohrata. Lltl. Coliimeia. liarrithurv, Poitaeitlo. P neimivo, Tami'inv ni.ii.'tliy, r. i.iiaiu-iKtri, e.iinira. H.K-ne. oir, rtiatrara, rl.v HiiOhIo. Alle..tov-. IV kenhaire. Pltuton. korfc. irlule. chattrarsbtir, llaeraio.vn. Ac 1 he train connects at tiKAlji) with Fast P'nniyrva rtia ItNtlntad trains ior Ai.enu.wn. Ac. Uio Heading ard Coltin.bla Kallroa.i toe F.phrata, Lit t.. and Coltiuihl and with ttir l.r-t.Hnon Villi. y na n for 11 rr, o.iir Ac. i ai P4HC t'l.iNTOJS wl.h CalHwi-.a haliroad alns turWlikea arro, v uiiaint.iH.ri. LfH'a iiaven, n.iuiira, ao.; h notHii UClttlwiih ' Northern Central," '!' umiMtrl.-ind Vall.na,'. and "schtolkill aud stuauuelia.ina" iraina fur ST at tubi b rlard.W lfllairi' l. rt o, k.t'lia b.-sbiiru, P lw,To.a,to. AFTFIINOUN F.XPIIKStJ Leaves Plillml. Inhla nt ;)HI P. M. tor Keadln. Pott.- vllle. I'invi na a. lbtrriar.iiru'. Jti . oeBnecn-.a at llarrta' bu.u wl'h Pernsylvania ttitrat trains t..r Fiitsiiuru, o. 4 isortnarn i Dtrtit irauroa.i trains t.r Aonmiry, nonaain beriat ,), Kluera. Ao .aii.1 at Pr.it t;llnU n with Carawiaa Kallroad tialns fr Altitun, Wllliaais jort, Klmtr, Buit'alo, die. KEAflfNtl ACCOMMODATION. Leaves ltea.lii ft at ti io t. U., stopiilni at all w.iy its tl.t. a arrtvii a in I liliadeiphia at s-ihi a. M Ketnrnltia. I. nves Philadelphia ai j'lH P. M. t arrhrsa In Ke.u liiu at s-IK.P M. Trains for Phftaetlr.hla Have llurrlshttrs at s A.M.,anl I'otlsviiie nt it lo A. ai .arrivals n. rnuaotiipnia at l ov P. M. AI' erniHin trulna leava tlnrrla .ihtr at 9 P. sf., 1'r.lt. villa nt t-,i: M,, nrilvlns In I'lil adol hla at 7 P. M.v Marlei t.aliis. wllb a paiaenRer car attaehol. Iav Pliiluilelpl la at I P. M ,1'or Hoaillliu and all way "tail, in; leave u ad.na at l'i, nnon, and liownlnstowoat 1'2 -fiP. M tor l'lillnilelihla and all way stutlotia. A'l Hie atiovi. irab a run uaily. Htinduys exaepted. , Hun. ia) tritlut leave FotlavlUoal I'M A. M., aud PluU delpliluatU II. P M. CHF.SI Tit VALLEY B MLROAD Pataen?erH lor l.owniinri..wn and iutaruta' rtnt taVe llie K I., A M. and i-O P. M.tralua I'mro I'hila4-.l,'u, retiirnli.f Iroiu louln-iuwn at S 40 A. M., uad U la t.oon. KW VOBK EXI'llESS FOR PirTSIlLKJ A.VD TIIH wkst. L. avea Ni w York at 7 P. M., plsaing ltea.llnat li ml.l nblit. ana coiinoetlnu . Ilairls ura with Puau.ylva.iU l.'Hiiro.id bsp caa iraius for I'ittHhurir. Keliin.il.v Exprr'Na train leavoa llarrlab'lrf oa arrival of If t Peniisthiiiiia F.M.tea fo.ni Puiai.ur al a an A. tf., passtnir ftc.iiliilg al 8 1A A. M ,alid arriving nt Now Yrk. at l'4i P M. Sl. epit g Ca a ,:. o npaoy thcao :rlm tiirouiih, beiweeo Jiriey city and Piltsbar, wltuoui Croll.ve. Mull iraras for Xew York L avo H irrisbiru at 8 A. M, ond'JP M. aia-l tralna lor llarrlatmtv leav xewYirk I a A.M. at'd 1-' M. KCHl'M KILL VALIEV HAILHOAD. Trains h ave P.it.avllln at 7 16 A.M. and ll';s P. M., r turnip- from Tusenr..ru at S 10 A. M. nnrt ( -t't ''. M. eCHI'YI.KILL AM) 8l'st;l EH ANNA ItVMKOVD. lrnlna leuve Auburn nl 111.1 A. al fi.r I'liicamva and Ilarr sburv, aim at PJfl and 7 10 M for Pineur.iv nilv t reiurnii tioui II irrlsooiv at l'lkt P.M., aad irom Pins grove al S 1 1 A.M., aim 4 nt.d 1 M. 11IKETSJ Tlironvh ft ret elai a tickets and euilirrant tickets to all tlie ptb clpal points in thu North and VV'.mI and Cnadaa. 1 l.o fbll'.wii. tl.-ketH nro ohinlnro.le onlv al llio orr)ot 8 IIHAIiPilllD.Treaaorer. No fH A. FOt'HTll M'.e)t, I'M aiie pi In, or of li. A. SICOI.Lsl, U noral Superlcua Uent, UcaOliig: COM MCT 4TION TICKETS, A'?A per cc t dbcnint, between uy points tleslrod, forlsniiliea ava A iu. SI1LEAOE TICKETS, fiend forSOTO moo, koiwoca all yoiats, ataliS 36 each, fur tuDillias und Urm. CPAVOS TICK KTS , For tfireo,alx, rtiue.or twelvo mouths, for holders only, to nil polma, at reduced rutea. I l.t IlilNkiEV ltesltllncfin tho line oftho road win be Airnlshed with eaide, cutltUitg then aelves aad wlvoa to tlokets at bait line. FXCIII1810V TICKETS From Phlladelpl la to principal atailona, gn-ul for Ratnr tlav hiiMlnv. ai-d M..nd..v. nt reduc d fsre. o be had ou'y ai llie Til-kit Ofllco.at J llilt l KKN I H and CALLU WUILL blitela. FRF.HillT. flor.da of all rleserlnili.tiH forwarded to atl tiie ahor. po-nts,tlom the Conipany'a vaw frolht da pot, llliOAfi Bad W ILl.OA eiUceta. f HF.1C.IIT TRAINS Leave PMIadelplila dally at U A. U., I P. H.,asd A P. M , f. r K. aiiti ii, l.abanoa. llarrlaburg, Poluvilla, Port Clio tuu, and poiuta beyond. g " Cloae in the Philadelphia Pos- Otllca for all .leas on th road ai.d lis lirun. lio" at 6 A. M and for Uie prUK'pal stations iuilJalJ)-ltPLM: -7F;isT CHKlSTF.it AND I'UIIaAAlUaPJUA t HAlLllOAll. VIA MKI.IA. H ItlNil AKIt ANC.FMEST. On and after FltliiAY, April l,lno4, Ui Trains wlUlaav at lo'low a : Leave Philadelphia front th Repot, corner of THfRPY tlltST anil k AlIKfcT hlreois, HA. at , 11 Isi JL.H.,tJt p. 11.. s M P. al.,'4." P. M. 1 lillsdillhia Depot eliauved from F.IOHTF.ENTH as 11M.KF.T tll.lU Iu illiltlY 1 IKMT and MAitKtl 8treeia. Leave Wert Chester, flora tbe Depot ou Kast MAKKE1 8;nat.e- A. M.,7-4.'. A. VI., II A. M ,'i P. M .4ftP M. Thecaraof II, e Wot Philada 11. la l'a.joKc Hallway Ci nipaii ( Market aiie.a)Hiu colo ay Paaatittgsrs to aud from llie Philadelphia Depot. Of, HL'NOaYS. I.enve Philadelphia al s .10 a. M . and ! M P. M. ' Leave Weal Cheater nt H A 11. aud 4 .HI P.M. liains lea.Ui:: Pl.lla.la pica at S A. M. aud 4' 30 P. at., at. d W't-Ht Cheater at 7-4 A. M. and 4 4A P. M.,oonaeot with iriona ou tlie Philadelphia and Halltulur C'uuaJ ItHilruad for Oxfi.id an. I Inl.-riii.tlate pclata. Ja4 1 1 B EN It V VVtb )1, ioi.aralLiSiiperljiUn4ent. VKST' JF.RKEY RAILROAD LINES. ( omin.-ii. Ui on MONUAr, June JO, 1S44, from Walnut Sine. Wharf. 1 OR OAPE MAT. AteantllUA .M.indt .'10P. V. l'er ft.ilein uiio HililM'i.in. at A. M and 4 P. W. ' For l.laal.or... at ii.ll, und 10 A. M .au.U and 4 .W P. at -FortVoo.ll,iiiy,(llouixatcr,c ai II nudll A. Ja., 1J at., and 4 anrifiP. M hLTCRNINO TRAItJS LEANE rape May ui t; ami II 41. A. !., andoiOP. t. Miilvtlle at 7-W A.M .and I'.'.audtioUP. K. hnlem at S A. If ., and 1 -If. P. M. IOI.lL.el, at ti o. a ai .liiop.af. l.lalao at 7 111 and .HA A S AO. and T.Mr, kf 1 M .obur ut 7, J 40 ands .'sl A. M., aad t do, ia, a ft,., aud b 1- 1. At. . . 1 TltF WF.ST JF.ltSF.V LXPltKSS COMPANf, Ollieo, ko. Ii vt AIM T Ktreel, will t all It and deliver Itui.ei.'e, aud utitnd to ull Hie utual branchea of Eproaa business, lieu i i at itrlvt tkkenby U A M- liaoa ouly, aud must be etnt lo ti e ortice the avvnlii,; pru.'l.iiui. Perisha ble articlit hy tils line umsi be eut Vfora 4X A. at. A sptc.al uuesseiiiier aeeou.panlet eucli train. S uijul J. VAN liL,Ms3k.l.At,(uparlntnaant. 1S(4. l'HILADELPHIA AND 18l. I'.hlK KAlLlltMD. Tl,ia ureat line traerhea tlie sierthern and N..rtliW'-t conulles l Pri.nsvbaiiia to the cily of Erie ou Lake v.tia ll l,a. heeu leased bt tl.e I'ESNVI.VANIA U ULUOAO COMPANY, ai.d under their attiplcoa la beta funaily opened tl.rou;:l.out Ita ettllre leiiflh. It b non iu use for Passenger mirj Freight bualneta front Ilai rlat.uru to Fniporl.im. (l.'i ill. -i, on tba Kaate.ni lllvl. sion, ma irjin bbatlKld to Lif ' lo atuu, oa U ealaru 1)0 ben. timi or rasssKoea taikat FHiLDLrnu. Bfall Train leaves .K ta) A. M. taprea. Tra ia leave ... , ') P. kl . t an rnn tbn.un wms.i T i iiasoi: Isab wayaon Uiex tratna Let w.-ea riu.aOFil ia aud bock Have., ul bom oca ilailimore and lik llaveu. 1 lea.int ireplusi art wi the Expreai Train buhwara. 1 or liusrinatloii i-hihs ti j Paaaousor btilnea, unpij w 11.1 at. K.V..inet oltI.I.Vk.h rll and MAIIH.EI' Hlioau. Aud tor i'reinhi bualiu a. ol llie Companr'a A. i.u h. H.KItwali n, Jr., collier blX iLLMll aad MAKalk Strvtt-, l'lilla.lelpl.ia. i. W. P.eynvida, til. . U. H.lb. Aa,, H. . C. ., B.lajor..on()Toir Ueneral Freljtit Anent. Phllad, Ipi.uu 1.1. A' is I., liiiupr. s Oeueral Tick, t A Kent, Phlla.leli klav J'lHKI'll I) poi rs, Jaf-tf Oeairal Manager, WlUiaaup -t eitti 3 '' country oila.