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The evening telegraph. [volume] (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1864-1918, January 01, 1866, FOURTH EDITION, Image 8

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mi DAILY EVENING TELEGRAPH. HlILAimrmA, MONDAY, .JANTtARY' 1, 186G.
TUB HEW TBi
,t JOHN fcH'.Lu,.
The GVmJ New Year-'" New Tcftr
Yestcrmorn thou wtt -oti ttnd noiythou art
here I .
All loyooi tut-j fcrifcU Reside the old yr-ar's bier;
Thou art w u,t, art here, The Glad New
A VeVceme wfgrte thee, though loth to part
(th thj'SirVs fond memories deep la oti heart!
"Unceasingly with us for twelvemonth has he tread
The path that has led turn, alas 1 to the Dead
lteluctant he leaves us, bnt with qulveriyg
breaih
lie gives to us Thee as he sinks into Death I
And gaily we slug as thy presenco draws near
A welcome, a welcome, to the? Glad New Year 1
The Glad Mew Year the Glad Now Year 1
The Glad New Year, The Glad New Year,
Oh, how many hearts will thy sweet presence
cheer I
Hut how many, alai! who, here twelvemonth atro,
Are now sleeping in graveyards under the snow I
How many have lallen In War's dreaded strife!
How many have sunk 'ncath the Battle of Life !
How many the wrecks on Eternity's strand
Ot Bouls far more precious thau Lucro or Land !
But a truce to the Past : let Us Memories he
In Oblivion buried from each mortal eye :
The Tbesknt 1b ours, le':'s improve it while here,
And Joyously welcome Th Glad Nev Year,
The Glad New Year, The Glad New Year.
The Glad New Year! The Glad New Year !
For Sinner and Saint alike art thou here !
But from now till the time when thy funeral
knell
Ehall be sounded from c hurch and cathedral bell,
Who can tell what chances thy days may brin
To the now joyous ihronz, or tb3 Suffering?,
Sad Want may ievel In radiant Ease,
And the proud blood of Wealth in Poverty freeze !
Mount clis may tremble and Thrones decay, .
And the Night ot the Opprees'd change to happier
Day;
But whatever the chanirc, in God let us trust!
Living and loving the lile of the Just;
So that each happy day may find Heaven more
near,
.And every year be a Glad New Year !
A Glad New Year! A Glad New Year!
1'uiLADhLi DiA, January 1, 18Ci.
THIS OLD Y13-AJLT.
Statistics oi 18G5 Mortality nnd Meteoro
logy Growing Commerce of our Port
The f lour Inspector's Report The Po
lice Telegraph -The Tires in the Last
Year The Opci otioiis ut the Gas Works.
The old jear has gona out in a blaze of
statistics, ' in the old, old fashion." Everybody,
very corporation, every mouey-makina; con
cern, is arithmetical about this time, and ad
dition, subtraction, multiplication, and division
are put to the severest tosts. Appropriately, we
commence to figure up the proportions of a year
just dead, with the statement oi deaths in the
city, as furnished us by ttie Health Officers:
Jim'hi. Main. Fimalet. T'"1
January 7J9
Jfebiuary 870
Jttaicn IW7
April 775
May 681
June WO
Julv 9-.W
AupuHi '-'34
September 67U
Oc ober 582
Xovembor ,. . . .H47
A)ecenibor 6U8
tx(4
I37J
ftSO
R81
6o5
6tH
750
hi.!)
25
470
6)2
638
470
1560
1J8
1411
1227
im
17o'J
1010
10i i
ld!4
62G2
7007
17,109
Thi interments of those brought from the
couutry (b2H) and still-born (6!)5) fchould pro
perly be deductud from the above, which would
leave the actual mortality of the city 15,045.
The deaths in each Ward of the city are given
as follows:
Wards. Deaths.' Wardt. Vea'hs.
first tit'8 Fllteouth 1010
hecono 780 ixtoeuth 449
Third 4J7 Seventeenth. .. . 6tH
Fourth 7:U Eiithteeutu 60S
Jilih 741
Niuetwnth 1022
Sixth m
f-evctith 106:
Kiifbth 61ti
l.n'h 380
lenth 484
.Eleventh 44.
Teiiih 40i.
Thirteenth 8dl
1'uurteeuth 5U
twentieth 807
rweuty-iirst 425
rwenty-second 533
I'wcuty-third 815
1 went y lour. u 1401
I'weuty-di.h BJ1
twenty -sixth 612
Unknown.- 848
Of the whole number of deaths, 7307 were
under live yeivrs of age, and 448 over eighty
years. The deaths iroui consumption numbered
2007.
In 1864 the total number of deaths reported
-was 17,582, and with still-born and those brought
Irom t ne country deducted, the number is eiven
at 15,875. or 230 more than in 18G5. So Phila
delphia is getting healthier, It seems.
Come we now to a more invitina topic, though,
in sooth, such a day as this is enough to disgust
one with the weather forever.
The following table gives the highest, lowest,
and mean temperature of each month of the
year 1865. according to the reports of the Penn
sylvania Hospital:
fl ah. . MeanA Huh. Lite. U an.
Dckb liens, jjeifs. heg. Degs. Dairs.
Jan.,
eo.,
March,
April,
May,
June,
52
fi'JI Kl JKJ' Inlvr UK Kill
16
91
64
73J
78
88
t3
024
Auirust,
60
60
8.11
281
15
25"
40
44
64
48
66'
est
76
Sept.,
October,
Nov.,
Deo.
89
79
67
62J
The mean temperature of the vear
is 65J do
than the
grees, which was 2 decrees warmer
average ol the preceding 39 years.
Amount of ratn lor each month of 18G5
January.. ,
February..
Haroh....
April... .
May
June
.361 incites jJuly
.2-97 inches.
.8 77 "
..6 82
..4 71
AuitUHt. .
September 7 96
..2 83
..7-21
..476
October 8 06
November 8 06
December 6 61
The whole amount for the year is 66 inches.
This is 11 J inches more than the average, which
is 44 inches. The greatest annual rainfall waa
68 inches, in 1859; the least amount 2'JJ Inched,
in 1825.
In the matter of weather, we are unable to
ehow that Philadelphia has made any "gratify
ing progress;" but commercially we are making
considerable strides almost in the style of the
giant with the seven-league boots.
The following statement, made up from the
oflicial report, exhibits the number ot foreign
and coastwise vessels that arrived at the port of
Philadelphia during each mouth of the year
Jouo, as couiutueu wuu iou;
lBOo.
1864.
t'or
Monihi. eign.
Jaui;aiy...20
Fbiuary...28
March 66
April 66
Mar 63
June 66
July.. 61
An (tost.... 62
J-eutorubtr.48
October.... 86
ovenibr .86
December. .86
Coatt
vit. 194
181
2.19
2,668
2,8
2,063
2,696
4 641
4,451
8,941
(818
2608
V ait-
Total.
214
209
2 246
2618
2,417
2129
2.760
4 698
4 44
8.977
8,864
2.U43
Kite.
812
1.063
1.981
2.885
8,6)8
8 641
1837
8 794
8.646
2 846
2,716
1977
Total.
858
1,097
1.983
2,910
8 656
8,699
l.aso
8,843
8,702
2,876
2 705
1,998
641 81,706 82,248 66S 29,697 80,262
The above exhibit thows that the arrivals in
1665 were 1984 greater than in 1864.
Xt u turn now to ce real connlderations. Th
T"
84
49
75
68
68
48
49
67
80
60
21
following is given as the amount of stock of
flour, rye flour, corn, wheat, etc., in the hands
ot the commission honces, etc., at the close of
the present year: 11G,8."0 barrels of (lour;
1(16.700 biihhels of wheat; KiRfl barrels corn meal:
and 1791 barrels rye Hour. The total lnspecnon
of flour and meal for the past yrar are officially
urn as loliows: 420,823 barrel Hour; 1967 nau-
ntrcls tiour; 2479 fine birrl: 2289 fcarrels mi't
llnes: 4774 barrels rve: 14,022 barrels corn meal;
1H48 barrels were coudemned.
The loll"wtng were the operations of the local
telegraph dur.ng 18G.r:
roMCB TKLKORnH.
Total mcPMgcs tranpnnt ed 64 017
touiDi n rn)iiB re.tored to ir ends 2V6
Lout children rcitored to parenn 8.219
Police otTicers summouod to Court and Grand
Jary 1,208
UeRHHDnifc nntlfviiitf I'nrnintr m Cfup nf midclnn
deatn siiil dnatU by yio.ence 619
Plrtvrd and itoion auimuls recovered 751
Veh o'e resttiied to owners ,. . . . 291
Vearea Ccporipilve oi nto on property -1,207
Ker.vase dfcribltig new conntoi loit, and no
tllvinr itorckonpors ot tlioir appearance. .. . 133
2C88 of the missing persons were males, and 677
females
OI the lout children, 013 wero boyn, and 1170 girls.
rmB TELrcRArn.
During the vear intelligence of 402 fires was re
ceived over he wires, which wero distributed
among the several Fhe Districts as follows:
First Fire Dlptrict... . 92 tfilth Fire District 13
becoDri Fire Jjltnct.. 93 Sixth Fire Dis-nct 26
t hird Fire Dictnct, ... f5 Seventh Fire District.. .10
Fouith Fiie Distrust... 107'
Ol this number only 167 were of sufficient im
portance to warrant the rtnmng ot the gongs in
the engine houses and police siations.
Mx lulse olurms of fir five from the First Fire
District, and one Irom the Second were also re
ceived and communicated to the Fire Depart
' ment.
These alarms were nil caused by nnauthorhed
persons tampering with the signal stations.
Two general alurms were rung; one for the
destrnetive lire at Ninth HndWushiugton streets,
last February, an I the othur, on the occasion of
the burnine of Merr.ck & Sons' foundry, in May.
The ambulances 'K-louaring to the Fire Depart
ment wero called out by signal six times In the
course of the year, lor the conveyance of sick
and wounded soldiers.
GAS TfXWlRAra.
Total mess8gc8 transmitted, .... 80
The above Is a brief summary of the valuable
statistic that will be contained in the annual
report of the Superintendent of the Police and
Fire Alarm Teleeranh. The statistics were com
piled by William B. Ileitis, Esq., one of the
operators at the Central Station, and are the
result of several weeks of hard and tedious labor.
No department in our city is better managed
than the Police and Fire Alarm Telegrnoh, which
is tinder the superintendence of William J.
l'hillios, Et., assisted by his able superinten
dent, lr. David R. Walker.
We mu'-t conclude our hasty summary with
sonn Ihitig about gas a subject iu which every
body Ik lutereMed: The official statistics of the
gas wortt ol Philadelphia are not yet cmploicd
lor tl.e . r 1hi;6. Thcv will be ready in a few
da.H. The ol punha.ed in 18G-1 cost CIO'10 per
toii; that pii'rhnfied in 1865 $1179 per ton, being
$1x9 jut tv.i In tavor of 18G4. The addi
lional ci"i ot labor wad $55,915 more in 185
than in ls This was owing to the. advance of
wnj'et., consequent upon thcxtraordiuary prices
lor the i-onmion necessaries of lile.
The company sustained a loss of $2"0,000
during the year In the lighting of street lamps.
There are 7"00 public lumps.'' Each Ump enn
sumes 20,ouo feet ol' gas per year. The company
have been furnidhing this amount of gas ut the
rate of $48 per lamp; also including in this
amount the cost for repairs, lightinc, extin
guishing, and cleansing the lamps. For this
work the company pay $15 per year lor each
lamp.
The entire cost for making one thousand feet
ot gas is two dollars. The amount ot gas re
quired to light tbo city lamps lor one year, ac
cording to Mr. Bulkfey's schedule, t3 one hun
dred and niuety-hvn million leet. But taking
cloudy nieh'.s into consideration, the number of
extra feet of cas Is enormous. Ey deducting the
amount of $15 from the $18, for lighting each
lamp, it will be seen that 26,000 feet of gas is
actually furnished lor the bum of $.13, which it
at the rate ol about Sl33 nor 1000 teet, or C7
cents less per HI00 feet than firet cost lor maK-
ms: it.
INTEW YEAR'S EVE
The Celebration in Our City A Batch ol
Anniversaries The Sunday Schools and
Missionary Societies The Hell Itinjlnss
and Pistol Shootings.
The celebration in our city of the New Year's
eve was etnuientlv relisious in Us character.
The churches and Sunday Schools took the lead
in the aliuir. They held their anniversaries.
Bung their jsalms,und read their annual reports.
At linaiiight hour, too, they chimed tujir
sweetly pealing bells to welcome in the niw-
uorn year, vv uh the opening ot this new year
every one feels a ppiri; of rene wed energy in
niectlncr the conflicts aud business cares of ordi
nary lite. The experiences wo have had during
the past live yea.u have fitted us for practical
economy, and the observance ot those duties and
principles which ere calculated lo promote the
general welfare. Last night and yesterday an-
propriate allusions were made to these nircuin-
stances in all the chutches, and appeals directed
io the aillucnt and philanthropic, ureing exhi
bitions ot those charitable Jdispenrations which
contribute to alleviate the distress and necessi
ties of the unfortunate poor.
The anniversary of the Sunday Schools of the
Church of the F.piphany was 'held yesterday
atternoon, In the church corner of Fifteenth and
(Jnesnut streets. Each class had a beautiful
bouquet of Iraerant Dowers, and as its name was
called the oilerings for tho year wero taken up
ana handed to the rector. The total otferiugs
for the year, of tbe male school, amount to
$51771; the otferiugs of the female school
amount to $2313 total, $283071. A discourse
was delivered by the rector, Rev. Dr. Newton.
The anniversary of the Sunday School con
nected with the Calvary Baptist church (Rev.T. D.
Egan), located at the corner ot Front and Mar-
faretta streets, was held yosterday afternoon,
be exercises opened bv chanting antiphonaily
tho evening prayer, the 148th and 15()th psalms,
followed by singing, aud an address by the rec
tor. The annual report waj then read by the
superintendent of the Sunday Schools, Mr. W. A.
Abbey. They have at present one hundred and
forty children attending the schools. Tho
amount ol funds received during the year loG5
have been nearly exhausted, leaving but a small
surplus on hand. Alter the reading of the Sec
retary's report, a number of interesting books
were presented to the meritorious children. The
church was handsomely decorated with ever
greens, and was we!) tilled on tbis occasion.
The anniversary exorcises ol the Church Sab
bath School and the Ho yard Sabbath School of
the Sixth Presbyterian Church were held yes
day afternoon iu the church on Spruce street,
below Sixth. The exercises consisted of singing
by the schools, prayer, reading of Serlpturfs,
reading of reports, and addresses by Rev. O. D.
Reed and by tho pastor. The report of the
main school shows nmubcr of male scholars, 4;
female, 85; inlant scholars, 60; officers, 4; teach
er", male, 7; female. 10; in!unt echool, 3. The
Howard School has been In operation thirty-two
years, and has imparted instruction to 6000 souls;
half oi that number are now under religious In
fluence. The average attendance has been Hi;
teachers, 23,
The Twenty-sixth Anniversary of the Cohock
slnk Irei5byteriau Sabba'h School was celebrated
yesterday afternoon, at tha church on German
town road, above Montiromery avenue, a large
audience being in attendance. The report of
Superintendent Harvey shows the Sabbath
school to bo in a high state of efficiency. The
number of pupila i 030, divided auiollows:
Bible class, fifty-three: Testament class. 264 1
Infant class, 213. The number of officers and.
teawhers is thirty-seven, and the average at
tendance of the scholars is 300 In the mornini!
iuiu ovv ui vjuo But-ruvon. ine amount contr
tinted for mission purposes dnrin)? the year waa
$28704. The Library contain- 600 volume, all
of which are in perfect order.
The anniversary of tho Sunday flchool of the
Beamcn'a Mission Church, corner of Catharine
and Bwanson streets, was celebrated yesterday
aitrinoon in a highly pleasing and appropriate
manner. The Kev. w. B. Irvin, the rector, waa
assisted Try the Rev. Messrs. Chase and Durbo
row. The church was well filled with the chil
dren and their parents. The reverend gentlemen
above named delivered short and eloquent ad
dresses, pointing out the evils ot the world that
would beset their pathways through life. Tho
safeguards afforded by rel gion, firm lalth la tho
Saviour, a reliance upon tho mercy of tiod, were
handsomely portrayed in languago suitable if
the understanding of the little ono3 grouped
around the reverend teachers. Towards tho
closo of the proceedings the officiating clergy
men took position In the chancel, for the pur
pose of presenting the gifts. These consisted of
candy and other sweet things, and little pamph
lets or tract containing uaeiui reaaing matter.
Tho scholars were delighted. Benediction closed
the exercises.
Tlte twenty-ninth anniversary of the Juvenile
Mlwionary Society of the First Presbyterian
Church, ll'ittonwood street, belov Sixih, was
held In the church yeeterlay afternoon. The
order of exercises consisted ot the singing of a
number of selected hymns by thi children, and
the reading of the annual report by the secre
tary, whicn presented the workings of the so
ciety since its formation, on the fifth day of
March, A. D. 1837, from which it appears that
tho sum total received by the society up to tho
period of the last report amounted to the sum of
$2024. During the past year the total amount
collected was $6G441, showing a remarkable
increase -over lormer years. The Kev. Dr.
Coddell delivered an instructive address, relating
his experience as a missionary.. Addresses were
also delivered by other gentlemen.
A meeting of the Sunday School teachers and
scholars ol the Hleventh Street M. E. Church,
Eleventh street, above Washington avenue, was
held yesterday alternoon for the purpose ot
establishing a temperance orsani.ation. Inte
resting remarks weTe made by llev. R. J. Carson,
Alexander Sloan, Ksq., and F. A. Fidler, Bjq. A
motion was made and carried that a committee
on organization be appointed, and that this com
mittee report to the next teachers' meeting. The
exercises closed with singing.
The Sixth Anniversary ot the St. Matthew's
Y. M. Mission was held yesterday alternoon.
The services were participated in bv Revs. John
(iraeff and Dr. Schaffer. assisted by Mr. Abraham
Martin, the devoied lriend of Sabbath missions.
The attendance was oulte lnre.
The Old Year expired in its winding sheet. The
first earnest snow-lall and the first sleigh-bell
rau.sic this season came on Saturday. The snow
began dropping at daybreak. The descent was
cradual, and tho tall was about four inches dep.
Tbe streets traversed by tracks were soon con
verted into "iploHh," but noon the country roads
there, waa tolerably pood sleighing. In the even
ing the sound of sielgli-bcll music was resound
ing everywhere that' the salt-car' had not been.
The livery s.ablo people reaped a little harvest on
Saturday" and yesterday. Any price demanded
was paid to them for the use of their quadra
jiedal F.tock. On South Broad street and Buck road
and out on the avenues leading to Uerinanto.vn,
f leieh bells darlns th whole of yesterday were
in incessant1 jingle.
Tho State' House bell had scarcely ceased
strik'ng 12 o'clock last night, before the old
bells of Cnrist Church had took up tho long
accustomed practice of saluting the Now Year,
and rinht merrily did the chimes sound. Those
who stood with the finger on the trigger of iheir
fire-arms, let fly the contents; and some stood
with anocher formidable weapon in hand, and
saluted the New Year dv looking through the
bottom ot a tumbler. Bass and kettie-drums,
horns, and all manner ol noisy implements
wero brought into play, and a lolly time gene
rally was hud. The best ot feeling seemed to
prevail among; tho large number of persons in
the streets. This morning the weather woke up
in a provokingly bad temoer, as though it had
been dissipating too much last uljrht. Never
theless, we are not to be cheated ot our sport.
and weather or no weather, Pniiatlelpnia will
celebrate the advent of the New Year with be
comixg style and sports.
NEW YEAR'S DAY
Antiquity ol its Customs and Celebration
as a Religious Festival Merryinalanga
ot the Day Ancient and Modern Fes
tivities Iew Year's "Calls" in our City.
As New Year's Day, the first of January, bears
a prominent place iu the popular calendar, for
many aues It has been celebrated in the vanoui
parts ot the world as a religious and social festi
val. With tbe post biblical Jews the ne year
commenced and still comraence-i with the au
tumnal month, First, the first day bein-; cele
brated by them with considerable ceremony. The
Romans made an especial holiday of it, 0'iering
saerilices to Janus, who-e principal festival oc
curred on this day, find taking care (hat nil they
thought, said, anil did should be pure and favor
able, since everything was ominous for tho oc
currences of the whole year. They appealed in
tho streets in festive garment?, exchanged
kindly salutations, and gave each other presents
called strcnw, consisting of gilt dates, figs,
honey cakes and copper coins, having on one
side tho double face of Janus, and on tho other a
ship. This practice of giving presents was made
by some of tho Emperors an important source ol
personal revenue, until modified by the Emperor
Claudius.
The day is held In the Catholic Church as the
festival of O'.rcumcialo Domini, aud observed as
a feast in tho Church ot England on the same
account. In the Roman Church tho following
saints are honored on this day: St. Fulgentius,
Bishop and Confessor; St. Odilo or Olow, Sixth
Abbot of Cluni; St. Almachus, Martyr: St. Eu
gendus, Abbot; St. Faine or Faucheu, Virgin of
Ireland; St. Mochua or Mochin, or Claunus,
Abbot in Ireland; and St. Mochua, or Crouaw,
of Bulla, Abbot in Ireland. In the Jewish
Church in the sixth century, of the festival of
the Feast of the Circumcision was oDserved on
the first day of January, in commemoration of
the Circumcision oi Jesus, being the eighth day
after December twenty-fifth, which was fixed
upon by that creed to be observed us the
nativity.
It has ever been a custom among Northern
nations to see the old year out and tiie new one
in with the highest demonstrations of merri
ment and conviviality. To but a few does it occur
that the day is a memorandum of the subtrac
tion of another yeur from the little sum of lite;
with the multitude, the top feeliug is a desire to
express good wishes tor the nest twelve months'
experience of their friends, and be the subjects
of similar benevolence on the part ol others,
and to t-ee this intcrchanze of cordial feeling
take place, as far as posslDle, in festive circum
stances. It is seldom an English family fails to
sit up on the last night of the year till 12 o'clock,
along with a lew friends, to drink in happy New
Year to each other over a cheerful glass. Very
frequently, too, persons nearly related, but liv
ing apart, dine with each other on this dttv, to
kvep alive and cultivate mutual good feelinor.
To the same trood purpose works the old custom
of giving little presents on this day.
'the Kin of Llnht, lather of aired Time,
Hatu bronrlit about that day wtitob it tue prime,
lo the slow gliding months when every eye
Wears symptoms of a oher jollity."
In England the merry-makings of New Year's
Eve and New Year's Day are of very ancient
date. The bead of the house assembled his
lamily around a bowl of spiced ale, comically
called "lamb's wool," from which he drank their
healths, then passed it to the rest that they
might drink too. Polwhole thus describes it:
"A merry bowl, to dock the Jovial day,
PlHih'd Irom id ample round a (unlike ray.
1 uil many a eent'ry it hone iorth to raoe
The festive spirit of the Aodarton race,
A i. to the tone of sacred Union dear.
It welcomed with bimb'i wool tbe rising year."
'She word that passed amongst them was the
ancient Saxon phrase Wart hael to your health.
Hence this came to be recognized as the Wassail
tvr Wttssel BtwL The poorer classes of people
carried a bowl adorned with ribbons, round the i
neighborhood, begging for aomeh ng wherewith
to obtain tho means of filling it, that they, too,
might -enjoy Wapsail as well as the rich. The
custom ol the Wassail at the New Year was ob
served in the monasteries as well as in private
bourn. In front of tbe abbot, at the upper room
ot tbk) refectory table, was placed the mighty
bowL tyled roculum Oarilahis, and from it the
Suprior araik tu all, and all drank in succes
sion to earn other.
Till a few rears ago In Scotland, the custom
of the wassail bowl at the passin away ot the
old jear might be said to be still in comparative
vigor. On tbe approach of twelve o'clock a hot
pirt was prepcrctf that is, a kettle or a flagon
full of warm, spiced and sweetened ale, with n
iniupion ol spirits. When the clock bad ftruck
the knell of the departed year each member of
the lamily drank of this mixture "good health
and a happy new year and many of them," to all
the rest, with a nearty hand shaking, and per
haps a dance around the table, with the addition
of a sony to the lun U iey Mite tuitfc:
4 Weoi may we a' be
111 may we ni ver see,
llcie'i to the Kins:
And the good cumpanio," etc.
The elders of tho family would then mcst pro
bubly sally out with the hot kettle, b?aria!
with them buns, short-bread, cheese, etc., with
the design ot visiting their neighbors and Inter
changing with them the samo cordial ereetintrs.
Reselling the friend's house they wodld enter
with vociferous pood wishes, and soon send the
kettle a circulating. If they were the first to
enter the house since 12 o'clock, they were
deemed as the first foot; and as such it was most
Important, for the luck of the family in the
coming year, that they should make their entry
tint cnintv-handed. but with their hands toll ot'
bread, cakes, and cheese, of which, on the other
baud, civility demanded that each individual
in the house should partake.
Tbe custom of raakimr presents on Nev Year's
Day, os lar as regards the intercourse of the adult
population, has become almost obsolete. The
practice is now limited to cifts made bv parents
lo their children, or by the elder members ot the
family to the younger. The custom was doubt
less derived irom the Roraan3. Suetonius aud
Tacitus both mcmtion it. Claudius prohibited
cemanaing presents except on this day. urand.
in his ' Popular AntHiuiueO observes. o:i the
authority of Biahop 8tillingiiet, that tho Saxons
kept the'fcstival of the Now Year witn more than
ordinary (eatine and lollitv. and with- tho pre
senting of New Year's gilts to each other. Fos
brook notices the continuation of the practice
during tho middle ages; aud Ellis quotes Mat
thew Paris to ehow that Henry III extorted New
x ear s guts irom his suDiects.
New Year's uifta presented bv individuals to
each other were suited to sex, rank, situation,
and circumstances. From Bit.hop Hall' "Si-
tires" (K)98), it appears that the usual gifts of
tenants in the country to their landlords was a
capon, uen jonson, m his Masque oj variaiuna,
introduces "New Year's (Jilt" m a blue coat,
serving man like, with an orange and a snrig of
rosemary ou his head, his hat lull of mooches.
with a collar ot g.neerbread. Iris torch-bearer
carrying a marchpane, with a bottle ou eitaer
arm. An orange htucfc with cloves, or a pilt
nutmeg, was a popular intt. ladies received
presents ot gloves ana pins, or in lieu
thereof, a sum of motie, whence the
terms "clove money 'and "pin money."
in this city, New York, ana Wa-shiugton, the
day is made the occasion ot social vieiu by gen
tlemen among the families ot their acquaintance
a custom oatmg oacu almost to the settlement
of New York by the Dutch and originating with
mem. At one time tue amiso oi thi3 custom.
through the habit of ureseutintr wine to visitors.
was so great that many thought it would havo
Decn discontinued, tins is ui', however, in a
preut measure obviated. The bet class of peo
ple no longer olier wiu" to iheir guests, or, if
they ao, reiiaed aud gentlemanly men ret use it.
A cup ot hot, tragraut colicr or chocol:to is
found to be a very welcome and agreeable sub-
sittute. and is so ucncrallv proierroi th.it even
where v. ine is provided it is irequently I ?ft un
touched. Rt'.iCthment tables nute chunked
greatly vt'thin the paft low yeiirs. Formerly
they were loaded down with substantial food
tiirkeja, hums, chicue.is, pies, etc.; uo th-.-rir
light and elegant, and much more a'.tenticu 1
paid to the decorations.
AMUSKJUfcNTH.
Academy of Mus.o. Faint is the most suaoo'in
ful of all o; erin written during the last ton years
It ha bcua popu ar in every country, in ovory lan
pnago. l'liiladeloliia ras especially takon Faust
into favor, and Faust at onco raised it author to tue
bigheet class of the operatic compoacrs ot this cen
tury. Gounod belongs to that ruixod school of which
Meyerbeer was the fouuder a school combining the
mtlody and form of the Ita Ian school, with the
science and harmony oi tbe Cierman. Less impaa-
sionea man veroi, anotuer aiscipie ot the samo
school, though belonging Jnoroto wbat is called
"the romantique" than Gounod, this lost composor
bus more science and is less audacious in his instru
mentation.
"I'auet," the creation of a poet, is calculated to
inspire a musician who is a poet in a language boyond
the poetry of words. Gounod bad evidently studied
not only tbe libretto, buttbo sublime and wonder
iul poem of Goethe, ror the .niusio of each person-
ape is admirably in keeping with each character as
drawn in the poem.
This evening, Faust will be given complete for the
first timo in this city. The great church sceac, tbe
scene where the good and bad angels struggle tor the
sonl of "Af argnerlte," will be siveo. Tue orcnostra
will be one that has scarcely its equal In tho world.
Birgfcld's Fanfare, which be plays withuch force,
clearness, skill, ana spirit, will add greatly to the
attractions of the performance. Miss Kellogg soem
created lor the pare, lovely, entlo, simple "Mar
guerite." ut eignor irire, ot course, we can say
nothing except that be has succeeded admirably in
New York. Signor Bellini is one ot tbe finost and
most sympathetic artists on the stage. Siguor
Antonucci, tbe "MepuiBtophlles," is new to
the publio here; but, of course,, an artist of
great merit, or be would not attempt
"JUephistopheles." "Seibol" is given to Madame
Richer, a lady who appears for the first tlmo. and of
whom repoit sneaks in high terms. The first day of
this i ear will remain impressed ou all who will hear
Faust to-night, and its melodies (for sounds and
periormanersareejuick remembrancer) will through.
out tno year recall pleasant memories of a brilliant
scene and an enjoyment tnat saUalie at once the
intellect and the senses.
New Chesmjt istrbkt Thkateb. Th Sleeping
Jseauty wnl be repeated till turtber notioe, bel ig
complete duoccss. To it will be added a comedy in
two acts, by Mr. Wolf, whoeems to ha the dramatist
of this theatre. Miss Orton and Mr. Clarke will ap
pear in It.
walnut fcTRKET Tbbatbk.- Mr.. Koberts gives
us his "MophistopbelesV with a 1 its jblttor hdmor
and merry sarcasm. "Faust" aad "Marguerite" will
find two interpretations this evening. Mr. Barton
Hill gives ns another "Sara," entitled Sum's Little
Game. ' "Sam's" gams 1s our gums as long as Mr.
Barton Hill hold the cards.
Arch Street XuJSATttK. Lost in London will be
played to-night. It has gained tbe patronago and
the affections of the public.
Bellbb, the wonder.'ol, appears at Consort Hall
this evening. Heller must, we think, be several
gentlemen at once, as "Mrs. Malaprop" says, for he
has certainly too many talents for one person. His
playing, besides being admirably artistic, has the
nasle of soul and sympathy. lie deserves to be
burned tor witchoratt for his tricks and pros ttdlel
tation. His second sight is more wonderful than
spiritualism, whilst his wit and humor should have
mado him a court Jester.
Religious revivals are In progress in Mary-
lflBd.
H'JIE miLADELmiA SKETCH CLUD
WILL CLOBS TO El B
FIRST ANNUAL PRIZE EXHIBITION
OP
AMERICAN ART.
At the Pen oa. Academy of the Fine Arts,
ON JANUARY 3, 180J5. U23
MILLINERY GOODS.
FASHIONABLE BONNETS,
I Cranrh BTInMiora.
Velvets, Ribbons, &tc.
MISS O'BYIIKE,
No. R07 ARCH STREET.
(( at of Eighth and Race nrcct). has a most tmo-
tiful sfgoitmont of ihe above, wnich (havlna b ea
delayed by the alterations to her hew Store until
tbe season was aovaoord) she is now selling
AT fEJCES J12lm4p
FAR J3ET.OW COST
MEDICAL.
ELECTRICAL DISCOVERIES
AMU
GLORIOUS RESULTS.
DR. M. J. CALLOWAY, Electrical Phvslclan, for
merly the partner of FROrKSSOR a. n. IIOL ,ES. after
an absence of a year and a bait troni the city, during
which time he baa been engaged with FROFE'SOB
BOLLFS. bis fatber-ln-law. In investlga.log more
fully tbe sublhne subject of Electricity as the
GREAT CURATIVE AGENT, has resumed hit
successful practice at Ko, 142 Sooth ElOrirtt
ftrcec, where he Is coring, with unparalleled ,
success the worst forms ot acute and chronlo diseases
In our many scientific experiments with the electric,
Galvanic, Hlectro-iIat;ne.lc, and pure AUguctlo cur
rents, and their numerous modifications on the bodies
of var-oas animals lor the purpose of as
certaining with minute acca.acr the dlreo
and iudircct influence of each on the organization
we have demonstrated that Electricity Is tbe vl al cle
mentthat it can be directed to unv oran or port of the
body, and even after the vital function seem paralyzed.
possess the power if arousing the dormant energies
equalizing the circulation, and restoring the system to a
solf- obtaining healthy condition.
The musttatuocloi j remits t.illnvi our tr'afm nf. In
some Instances the dlsecne of years' stonula yio'.Jn
readily st the first touch, of the electric element, while
L others It nqulres a more protracted treatment
Qi.etery mpuriantjt a are oi our treatment is thai no
time is lost In expir.tmntiug with disease. By means
ot an electrical test, an accurate diagnosis Is given at
once, determining the loca'lty and character ot the
disease, and Indicating the treatment to be pursued.
1)1!. P. BIIKPli, OP NEW YOUK. CI' Y, a sctontiflB
centlemon of ability, is atieoclated with Dr. Galloway In
tl:c practice. lr. tJbedd was a studiuu of Professor C.
II. Bol es, with many other eminent medical men in the
citv of Rochester. X. T., about ten years aao. and alter
that a partner Iu the city of Huflalo. and
since that time has alven his whole attention
to the curing ot disease by Electricity In lis
r.rluuii !'muis and modifications, In accordance with
the treat und lubUme doctrines of Professor Hollos,
who Las bruuubt his discovery Into public lavor in all
the rli.ci al clllrs of America, amon medical men and
1 IcctrlclsES. 'Ihe (skill aud experience, thoroiora, oi Dr.
SI. J. (ialtowoy and P. ShoJJ, it. 1).. cj.n njnd them
to the confidence of the public andafllloted.
lira C. U. BULLEu, tl e oldest and most successful
leniale Electrician in tho country, ha entree of the
Female Department,
Our treatment Is eminently successful in all FEMALE
DISFASL8.
K. B Professor BOLLES, my tather-ln law, has no
luccessor in this city, although we and lengthy adver
t'sements In tho public press of this city da. iug the pa-tt
year from an Individual who has had tho audacity to
style tilmelf "bicCKSson to Tbofs'Sok Bollks."
The same individual publishes along list of patients as
rifcrer.ee, giving the publlo to undent and that they were
cured bj Lim.wiieuin lact everj one oi them was treated
by Professor Holies and myself with many thousand
others. Alany of the panics he refers to as bavtng been
treated by him. lis in fact, has M-FiiiijsKKN.'All such
nilsrcprcentutlons are calculated to daive tue public,
especially the afillctcd -portion. THjS-. given up as in
curable are invited to call,
CONSULTATION FREE.
An Interesting pamphlet mailed by addiesslng
MS. GALLOWAY & SIIEDI),
No. 142 South EIGHTS! Street,
12 29 imw lm
PHILADELPHIA.
ETlGTII TO TDK WEAK
YOUTH TO TIIK AQED1
BIOKllJiiNE,
LIFE REJ TJ VENATOR.
This preparation. Is unequalled as a Bajuvenator auo
Restorer ol wnsied vr inert luuutlons
The ayed should be certain to make tbe Blosrenes
household sod, inasmuch as It will reuder thorn youtlifu
In lee. lug ana In strength, and enable them to live ovef
axain tbe davsoi iheir pristine Joy. It not Only exhlla
rates but sti'engthens, andlsrea ly an Invaluable ble-dnu,
esiHciallv to those who have been reduced tou condition
of fervillty, sell abuse, nui'ortune. or ordinary sickuesi
ho matter what ihe cuwe of i he imno.enoy of out
human orviu, this supero preparation wla temove lite
efleot.tonce.UdforeverkRENB
Cures Impotency, General Di-billty, Dyspepsia. Depres
slot., lAHt ol 'Appetite. Weakness oi tbe Organs oi
dcneraiion. Imbecility, tmaciation, -unu11 ,.,
It has a most deilght;ul, dosirab e and novel ereei
nrou the Mnrvous systotn t and all who are In auv war
pr..Mrted bv nervous ceblliilat are wty rivutt w
seek a cure In this most eacelU-nt and uaequallud prepa
'"persons who. by Imprudence, nave lost tbelr natura
vmor will find a speedy and pei uiauent curs In Hie
liiOKHKiNB.
It will be round to-a.lv dillereut Irom all other artloles
TO FtM ACi -This nrepra"on is 'n'lDh?
vous w.aknesses ot U kinds as it will restore the wanted
strenK'b with wondenui pemifoenoo. , , rvn.
Itlfalsoagrandtonlo and .111 ve relief to Dyspep
sia with the Umt dose. A brio! persWteuee in Its use
wll renovate tbestomacl. toadesreeof perteol health,
and bnih Dyspejmia lorever. . Bold -
One Dollar per bottle, or six bottles for to- "7
I.O. 2S Dfc V Buet, Kew Yor-
cold byJOHJ.BON huuiUwai iY,
Dm, Ko 2SN.8!Xin-treet. DYOTi "
No. !!32 N. 8K(. OMD Street, and tU
Kii HAKDHA CO.. TKN'H and MAk1'
rM'srteb'Mn )0 4 "' """
QHRISTMAS PRESENTS.
Ladles' Walking Hats, 'The Derby.
.Ladles' Skating Bats.
Ladies' Fur Trimmed Hoods,
Muffs and Tippets for Hisses.
Children's Scotch Caps.
Ladles' Silk Umbrellas.
Cents' Fur Collars and Gloves. 12 81mSp
TO BE HAD OP
THE0. H. M'OALLA,
At His Old Established Stand,
No. P04 Chcsnut Street.
( II I C K E It I N O
rmi GpuD PIAK0S. frrrTi
SEMI-GRAND PIANOS!
SQUARE GRAND PIANOS!
Art known to belt moitperfMt nd permanent In
strument! in America sud Fnrope.
In Grind nd Maalcil Ions and In all rtcts of
delicate and enduring mecbaulum, it Is entirely conceded
ty trie
GREAT ARTISTS OF TEE PIANO,
And ALL DI8CKI.MIUATINQ MUSICAL AMATECR9,
thut
TIIE CIIIUKERING PIANOS
ARE FIRST
On both shlei ol the Atlantic. t
NEW WAREROOMS,
Ko. 914 CIIESNUT STREET,
12 29 imwGlGi, y. II. DUTTON.
MEDICAL.
JJEDIOAL ELECTRICITY,
WONDERFUL SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY
Dli. S. W. liBCKWITH'8
ELECT1UUAL INSTITUTE
No. 1220 WALNUT Street,
For tbe Treatment! of Acntei aad Ctironlo
lllratiets.
F.lectrical inyestiiration has proved that the human,
tody acts on tbe principle 01 tue Kalvauio battery.
1 be ttain, mucous am cerous membranes, the skin.
tirsues, anu lluids cnust tuie tuo lietrnuve aud poti
tivo iorct'S. Kvciy scuou, whetbor mental or pliysl.
cul, Is tl.o result ol tbuso antagonistic lorccs. iMiros.
tion, respiration, circulation, secretion, and exoro-
non are cue olely to J, corneal influence. I here m
a polar action established 'iiroiiliout the nervous
s stem w h.ch connects w it Ii every part of the body,
cbtaoiishlnf' and prerorvins a proper balance of the
eiecrioal element, which oiistitutei healtn, and a
dibturbauce ol wh ch causes uisoaso. There are
strictly but two onditions ol disease one of inflam
mation, or positive; the o'lici weak, dobilitutod,
negative; and as El ctricity contains those two con
ditions in tho acnoa ol the positive and negative
cum"'t all we have to do is to ueutralizo tho dis
ease a-'t restore piopet hoa thy acticui
V e co not wich to convoy tlie impression that we
euro all aieenses in all conditions, we ouuuot cure
consumption ajter the luutrs ar. a l destroyed; yet
edo assert, aud ore prepared to practically dumon.
fatratc, that hundreds 01 cases ot almost ovary form of
chronic ditcascs, pronounced incurable by the boat
ineuical pructitionerB ol the couu rv, havo been radi
cally cuukd, some of them iu an iioredihly short
l.iuo, b our Klectrical treatuiont. Its great supe
rioiitv over other practice i u .he cure ot disoase is
a so attetled iu tre fact thut, withm tho i ost Uve
venrs, over fourteen tkmumnd patients have been
treated at ibis ofhco, suflcrinir Irom almost every
tot in and condition of disoase coismon to humanity,
and in nearly a 1 catoe a Lenolit or period cure has
leeu eficctcd. J'a av, dealness, o'maness, rhouma
tisui, oysi cpsia, cancer, and all the o.U knotty dig
eases i bat aio a phjsiciuu's curse, as It proves bis
inability to eradicate, are by our s- ientino method
comparatively easy of cuio. Specimens of tumors ot
inrce growtii ex. rotted bv means ol jbleotrioity
nlone, without pain, wiibout the use of the knife,
licuturce, or unv other meuus, may be soeu at our
otliee bv those interested. Theielore, with thes
facts to provo our tlitorv and treatment of disoase,
tso aro wtiiniff to undertake any ot the folio viun
disehes, with every hope and propoct of sucocss,
with .ry manv o.'jor not here enumerated :
1. JJiseanes ot the Jiratn and Mervoui Sintem.
Epilepsy, Chorea or S'. Vitus' Dunco, Paralysis
(Hemiplegia), Ineura.i-iu, iiysteiia. nervousness,
l'alpitation ol the licurt, l.octiaw, etc
2. Organs and 'iuenrs connected with the Diges
tive ayithm f ore iliront. ilyspepsiu, Dlarrhooa,
t'yseuiury, Obstinate t oustipat.ou, Hasmoirtioldos
cr i iles, Bilious 1 istuieut. ai a l'aintor's Coiio, aud
al) utloctious ot the Liver and Spleen.
8. Hetpiiutory Oryavs Catarrh, Couch, Infla
erza, Ab't.ma (wl.en i.nt cntiaed by oranio disease
ot ti e biarr, l;rurcl His, rirun6y. 1' curodynla or
I.heomatism of the Chest, Consumption In the early
slaves.
4. Fibrous and Musrvtar Syslerh - Rheumatism.
Gout, Lumbago, Stiff cck, Spinal Curya.ure, liip
Diseases, Cancers, 1 union".
6. Urinary and Venitui Organs. Gravel, .Diabctos.
and Kidney Lonplaints. Impotence ami Seminal
W'cakmss. The latter comvluiui hover lull t yield
rapidly io this Ircetment
6. Itiseasis Peculiar to Females. Utetus' Com.
plaints, invoiviUM a tnal-positiou, as t'ro.apsus, An
Irovcrslon. UotroverHieu, Infiauiuiation, Ulceration,
and various other aileciious of tie VVornb and Ova
ries, l'ainiul, u pi eased, scanty, or l'rotuso Men
situation, Leucouhu-a.
IO LAI 1 Ks w, can reconimend this treatmont as
one of LJ.VA Kil bUCCi-.s. A most lnuuma
rable cases have couie uuaer treatment at our oliioe
who can testily to 'his laut Mis. BKCK Willi has
ectire charge of tbe Laoios' Dei ait ment, and all
delicacy will be used towards those wno entrust
themselves to her care. In tenia e diseases as men
tioned in the above list, with others not mentioned,
she bus had a .urpe experience, and can conlldeutly
proni'so tne most Rratilyint; resul s.
Toll! t Alt' Lie 1 D ihe treatment is mild and
gentle, producing no shod: or unp'easant sensation
whatever. Our proios-ional iuterooue with the
afflicted will ever be characterized by perl"ct oanoor
and honesty, and those whose complaints are Incura
ble, or do not admit of amelioration, will be Jraukly
to;d so and not accepted lor treatment. It matters
not what may be your comt luiut, or how lona you
may have suffered, or how much, or what couise of
treatment you may have been subjected to, or what
disappointments you may have experienced, if the
system is rot worn out i. sufficient vitality remains
lor leitelion thore is s fair prospect ot rocovory.
liU'EKt-NCl.e. Ihe diseased aud all tu' crested
are reiorrcd io the following named Kentlemun, wao
bave been treated aud w it nessoil ojr treatment on
others at Ko. 1220 W ALNU 1' Ktteet:
A. J. I'lt AfoLti'U. Brii;uiiier Oeueral.riulatiolphlaj
A. 1 lrasotiton, Mnjor-ienora, .st. Louis; vv. L.
fmitli Ao. 1C2J Matjover street, l'hi!adelihia; (leo.
DonvliifS, Ko. 'M S. vmli stree' ; William H. tjiinveir,
Iiainos street, Oermantown ; L. C Stockton, Kj. 2tXJ
kiurvet street, l'blluueiphia; Charles II. Unov. Kos.
snd 221 Church a lev ; hmauuul Key. No. 707 Wau
som street, A i turner at Law; II Cram, No. I7iS Arch
street, Ko 138 Dioud s reot; JUoiort U. Wore, Ko. 61
K.'lhira street; A. U. Croil, northoasi corner of
Tenth and Market streets; jeor e Cirant, No 610
Chmut street; H. r. Oesilver. No. ITM Cbusnut
street ; Edward McMallon Ko. 1227 Froui strodt.
l'livno.ans or studen.s dosirine to havo instruction
In the coirect api li tation ot Electricity lor the ours
of disease can apply at the Office.
Consultation Iree. Desert live circulars of cures
effected, with numerous rel'ureuoes, oan be bad by
application at the office.
All lottets eddrcsst d to
DIl. B. W. liUOKWITH,
9 23smw Ko. 120 WALNUT Streot, PhiJa.
p II OTOG RAP II ALBUMS.
SELLING OFF LOW.
BIBLES, PRAYER BOOKS, Etc.
EPISCOPAL, rRAYER BOOKS,
8KLUVO Ml AT LK68 THAN WUOUtSALB PEIOKS .
A VKUT LABOB ASSOltTMIfNT.
WBITINQ-CASES AND DESKS,
Very low. Call and examine our stock.
Our ALBUMS cannot be surpassed for durabfhty,
while tbey are oDered lower than any others.
DURI.OOK & BROTHER,
" M 8p Ko. iaa N. KIN III Btroet.
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