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THE X5AILY EVENING TELEGRAM. PHILADELPHIA, FRIDAY, MARCH 16, 1866.
THE TRICHINJI2 DISEASE. Its Caa aad History. W are indbtd to the microscope for our knowledge ot the minute worm which cause the diituRt called Trlchimlasii. Many yews aro several English physicians notioea in lean flNh mlante yUowih-white granule, which Is tbe nalvautitioua shell inclosing the worm. Thene, Hilton, n KifliBh aaaumUt, sapposed to be animals; bnt the r.ooloptpt Owen was the first who described and named, the worm itself Trichina Spiralis, rreelcclv an the yolk and white of a hen's esr are not visible through the shell which contain them, so with the Trichina. It Is frequently from one-third to one-half a line long, meaMnred whea ite body u uacoilod; but, from its transparency, it cannot with the naked eye be recognized nt having the struo tore of an animal. Thl, however, caa readily be Been under a lens of f0 or GO diametarR. It does not belong to the clas of infasoria or ani malcule, but cntexoa, and is only foand antler peculiar circumstances. A number of observers have found this aaimal in the persons of natives of England, Franoe, Germany, Denmark, and North Anieriea. The dineHvcs it occasions, and the deaths owing to its presence in the flesh of human beinps, have for yenrs engaged the atten tion of the medical men of (.'sruiany. and have At eevefal periods alarmed the people of that onntry. The epidemic of this disease which recently occurred in Ederikbea is similar to several epidemics, or groups of cases of the dis enso, whiuU have orr.urral since the year 1859. They arise from the penetration into, and lodg ment in, various parts of the living human body, particalarly the in uncles, of the yoans; Trichinie. The history of the investigations of tbe last ten years of' the life of the aaimal, and charac teristics of its career, eivcs the accounts of a number of observers who unnortook to ascertain both its nataral history and tho consequences of its becoming an inmate of the human body. In 1KG0, l'rolessor Virchord, of lierlin, condacteda series of experiments with the Trichinae (con sisting: of ired'nig the meat which contained them to certuia animals, under enrol ill observa tion), by which he acquired all that wa know of the mode andconseqaences of their iatroduotion into tbe living body. It was thus ascertained tbat, the Trichina was not sexless, as the earlier observers had reported, bnt were ot both sexes, and gave birth to yonug. He found that the parent Trichinsu infect tho pip, lodged in tho lean flesh ot tbat animal; that they reach the bowels of the living creature hy having been consumed with the pork, and there propagate, and tbat tbe brood to which they give birth penetrate the walls of the intestines, and thence migrate to other parts of the body. The infestation of the human body has as yet only been found to occur from eating the flesh of tho pig. Bnt the Trichina' have been loand in other animals usually regarded as etrictly herbivorous, as moles, etc. Special investigations have, how ever, proved that these animals consume smaller animals, as field-mice, groaud-worms, etc., and hence are flesh-eaters beiu g in this reipect like rats, mice, etc. Other auiniuls, such as rabbits, may be infected by feeding them with tbo Trl-chinai-contaialnar llefh, but nevertheless the only ttesb man consumes which contains tbe Trichina, in tbe order of naturo, is that of the pig. In the year 18G3 there was a wide-spread fear, derived lroai the opinion of varion writers, that the meat of plant-feeding animala may contain the Tricbinii, and the authorities of Worse announced tbat beef was not exempt lrom TrichLnie, but as yet Trichiuio have never been observed in beef, and even if, as sup posed, the Trichinie disease was contracted frooi eating it, if it was obtained lrom the same butcher who sold Trichimu containing pork, it mtiBt be ascertained whether the Deet bad not become inleoted by lying in contact with the pork. So far ns scientiiio investigation teaches us, neither in beef nor mutton have Trichinro been found. From the fact that snail, round wormB, similar to Tricbimc, exist in the muscles of the eel and frog, various authors have supposed them to be far more general in their disttibation than Vir chord and Leukhardt nsbort. Tho rain-worm was asserted by Laugeabnck to contain Trichina?, and the pig was supposed to become .infested lrom devouring these; but careful investigation showed that the microscopic worm which in- lested the ground-worm was that lone known as acaris minutLsstma. Aain, Schachte has stated that some vegetables, uud especially the root of the sugar-beet, contained Trichina, but although oxen led upon bad beets have sick ened and died in numbers, the Trichina have never been found in their flesh, as belore stated. we repeat tuat, so lar as ascertained, the pig s flesh is the only flesh which roan consumes which contains l'rlchinre. How, then, does tbe pig be come infested 1 The supposition that they have their genesis in his body, and are not taken in his food, is totally iuadmissible. Researches show that there is every probability that the nig neither derives tho Trichime from the ani- aials nor vegetables he devours, but lrom the lucal matters he consumes. Hence, it is proba ble that at all times particular individual pigs have been affected, and that refuse matter from the bowels of whoever may have consumed his flesh may have been consumed by other pips. aad the disease thus spread and involved a large number of people. Most of the epidemics of TTrichinaj disease have occurred in Saxony, where tbe pigs are led in Btyes. It is very probable that pigs may infect pig's, lor the contents of the intestines of one which contains pregnant Trl- cbinre may be eaten when expelled by another pig. we may consider established, tnerciore, that, in the common course of afl'alrs, Trichinie can only be found in the carnivora. For we have seen that the intestinal Trichina? produce living young whica migrate into tbe flesh and then attain their farther development. They cannot leave the meat in any other way than after it has been eaten, and that this regular pro rresBion from the intestine into the muscles, and lrom tbe muECles into the intestine, is only pos sible in meat-eaters. Tbe order of tbe infestation may be heie stated nnder tnrse cardinal points: 1. The euten Trichimu remain in the intes tines unless expelled by purgation,! and nevw enter tbe muscus. 2. They produce living young, which enter the muscles. 3. Tbe young which have entered the muscles grow there, but do not multiply. The chances ot injury to the meat-cater are in Drorjortion to the number which enter the intestines; and the danger is in the production cf young by the intestinal Triachinui. A Trichina mother has a hundred, of living young in her body, and, ufUr these young, she always bears more and more eggs. How long she lives and produces young is not exactly known, but at leat tour weeks. It ie, however. certain that fiic becomes tlxed iu the intes tine, and continues to produce bow broods of young. If we calculate that one Triehlua mother has 200 young, 10,000 such mothers are surhcitmt to pre duce a million young, and so many female animals may to csntained in a low morsels ot meat, even it there Lj no high degree of inl'estution. The more Trichinie, therefore, and the longer thy levnain iu the intestine, the more young will be produced, and hence the greater tho danger. This has been exuerimautallv Droved, A rabbit which ate onlv small warts of meat con taiuing a few Trichia:u did not become diseased; and in the epidemic of liurg thi was strikingly illustrated. A vroman who ute raw meat (pork) ou breud, uiori. 'ihe ehadlwho licked oil what remained on the, spoan with which it was spread was bliuhtlv pick. A person, therefore, as well as a pig, can hav Trichina in his body withaut causiag very serious illness; but it is very certain tbat a large migration ot animals into tne unman oouv bio duces disease, and lre.juently death. There have been cases of once infected persons in which only a lew dozen could be fouad, alter the most extended repearcn, wnnt in many others the flesh ot those who cue oi in is nesn worm was loand to be literally tilled with them A person who has but a few will probably have scarcely any perception of it. A second person, into whose muscles thousands have penetrated, will suffer a Variety of disagreeable sensations, as pains in the muscles, stiif iess, weakness, heaviness in the limbs, fever, hoarseness, etc but even he may live through tbe'-e consoquen tea. The Trichina; having attained their rebting- place, will become encapsnlra ana inclosed In tbe calcareous envelope. A third person, into whose muscles millions might migrate, will ex perience similar or worst syasptoras will, per haps, pass the active stare of thexe symptoms, recover slowly, but ramaia weak, diseased, ana thin; ot at may not recover, and assy die by advancing disturbance of all mascular activity, especially that of respiration. We have lonua eiicaasnled Trichina, la the bodies of persons who had dies" of other diseases, bnt only in particular muscles, ana a few. A lull-grown, old, muscle Trichina is a worm similar la shape to a rain-worm. It has an anterior pointed and, ia which is the month, from which a uarrow tube (the (esophagus) pro ceeds. The R'ee-phagus Is tnrronnded by a thick laver of calls, which stretch through a rreat rnrtoftbs body, and end ia a fine intestine. The Intestine runs to the posterior end, where it terminates in an or! lice. The sexual canal occu pies a large portion ot the posterior part of the body. Theta two main parts, the digestive and sexual, are held by a strong cuticle which shows fine transverse wrinkles. Tbe older observers believed tbe Trichina to b sexless, aad hence a harmless inhabitant of the body of man; but it is a inlly orgaaized aaimal ef tbe clacs worsts. It is alto to be remarked that it bears no parties lar resemblance to any other species f worms, nd particularly not to tba larviu of flies (mag gots), which have quite another shape, and are a great deal larger. And it is important to observe that the Trichina is the only member of this class'worra which enters tne living body in such nambers as to cause alarming illness and death. Ia instances ot fresh or recent migra tion, the Trichinn have bten found loose in the flesh tbat is, without tho chalky or calcareous capsule. This marks tha middle age of the animal. Ia older cases the animal becomes surrounded with the chalky calcareous envelope, which can be seen as a yellowish white graauie witn tne naked eye. What is the danger of the Trichina to the human body? More than two deceniums have elapsed since their discovery. Tho first cases of (iiteass and death by them, of which we hare proof, occurred in tha year 1815. The snrvivor himself related the story, and it is one curiously interesting to the least annons ot readers, it exemplified also how, even though the infesta tion may have been so serious as to nearly prova luiai, and to nave provaa laiai to othars wno ate of tbe same meat with tbe surviving or cured case, vet it may end by tha Trichinm becoming so closely conbaed by an adventitious shell that they are powerless to do farther injury to the patient, except what consequence survives in ebrouic lorm. This prosess. however, doss not oocur lin less than three months, and in each instances the disease is called ''cured." In this case. in the' summer of 18G3. a person was being operated on for a tumor of the neck by a German surgeon. During the operation tha bared muscles were ob served to be abundantly supplied with the char acteristic shells or cysts of Trichinie. The pa tient related, in reply to a question whether he had ever been very sick, that in tha year 1815, with the other tlx members of a commission for the inspection of schools, he ate a meal of ham, sausage, cheese, etc., at an inn. All who ate ot these provicions soon after fell sick and died, except the relator himself. Suspicion fell upon the innkieper. A judicial investigation was held, but without result precisely as it would be now if we had not that knowledge of tho Trichina) we possets. And in this case the sur vivor might nave gone to his death and yet nothing have ever been known, in his particular case, of the infectation by Trichinie, which had proved fatal to his six associates, had it not been lor tha knowledge science had tarnished many years after that fatal meat was eaten, birauar instances of our coming, many years after, to an understanding ot the causes of ueatn or use character, and which otherwise were with more or less confidence attributed to suppositions causes, might be cited, but another will satlice. in jane, ib:i, m the neighborhood ot Ham burg, several well persons, having eaten ham, tell sick. Three oi them died, and others were long in a critical state. A judicial investigation was held without satisfaction. 11 am noisoaine was supposed; but lcng afterwards it was shown that the symptoms ana other circumstances per taining to the sickness and death of these people were precisely similar with those subsequently ascertained to be xricniniu lniestauon. We Ctime now to the occurrence of enidemics of this disease. Zencker first observed snch an epidemic iu and near Dresden, and showed tha Trichina? fonnd m the ham and sausage made from one particular pig. This pig had been butchered on a farm near Dresden. The butcher and owner of the farm, and other people, had fallen sick, and a previously Dtrtectlv healthy servant girl had died. In her body an aoan- dance oi Trichina? were lound. With the nud ing of the Trichina? in the muscles of her body, Virchord commenced a series of experimental observations . These may bo briouy btatcd. A rabbit fed with Trichina-flesh from this girl died in a month, and its flesh was found full of tbtm. . Some of this flesh was given to a second rb- bit, which also died in a month. With this meat three other rabbits were fed. Two of these died at the end of three weeks, and .the third in tbe tourta wees. L,aitiy, the tiesn ot tuese animal dead ot Tiichiiiu was fed to another rabbit. It nto but very little, but died at the end of six wveks. In all ol thei'e the muscles after death were found tilled with Trichinie, and even in the smallest particle of the meat several were lound; It is to be observed that Trichinie had never been found In these animals unless they had been previously fed with the Tiichinie-contain- wg meat, ineir living nesn was examined before they were led, and no Trichina? were found in them; yet a few weeks after they were fed with the meat, the muscles of the same ani mals were found tiled with Trichina?. Though these exneriments through nve gone- rations of animalH, all resulting in death, were perfectly conclusive, the chance of auy donbt arising as to the fact that the migration really proceeded from the feeding of the animals with Trichinie, It was fotther demonstrated that the Trichina? iu the ted meat became free in the stomach and intestines of the rabbit; that they btcame individuals of both sexes, which in a short time attained a length of from three to tour millimetrck, and could be discerned as fine white threads; thai ova are produced in the female, and from these embryos even in the body of the mother; and that about a week later the3 are born and move about freely in tbe mucus ot the intettine. Tha young are exceedingly minute. They are the very smallest of the claw thread-worms. It is the yonng which peaetraie the body. They have been found in the lymph- atio glands, iu tee peritoneal cavity, ana in tne pericardium and muscles. It is in the latter they find tbe suitable conditions for their de velopment. ! . ia tne mtjtnci or MaagcDurg tne cases oi iuib disease spread over a period of four years. Since the year 1850 a whole series of epidemic of this disease have been observed. They oecurred at I'lauen, Calbo on Balle, Quedlenburg, Burg, n ar Maiigeourg; tveimar, ana netdstadt, near lusia bier; and other places. If we come to inquire why it is that these epidemics have not occurred in other countries, 8V in (ierman v, we learn tbat it is because the f.esh ol ifce pig is so much more largely used as food in Germany than elsewhere. This animal is slaughtered in immense numbers. In liorliu the yearly consumption is 100,000. Tat? re exist in Germany, moreover, a habit of eating bus of uncooked lean pig's netin, and in some ol tho epidemics, as well as in tingle cases, where butchers were infected, it was ascertained tbat they ate not merely of the sausages, but that most oi tne m were in tne uaou oi cauug a uitio of the uncooked meat at the time ot cutting it, i s ell as tuat winch auneres to the kuiie m cut tiller. Again, the only security aj;aln:it infestation if pork is eaten, is eituer to nun uy n cureiiu examination with the microscope that the flesh is free i?om Trichina, or thai the flesh has been thoiougbly cooked by heat. The investleatious which have been made on this point disuloie thnt the meat is almost never cooked sutHciently to kill the Trichina). If we wifrb to avoid infesta tion we mnat never eat ra'O work: for iu liurg a great number of cae ot disease and death wuie occasioned bv neonlo eating raw meat on bread for breakfast. In boiling, roasting, frying, or smoking, more or less of the meat may remain nearly raw. The greatest danger 1 from bam and if used it saenld be thoroughly boiled. It U certain that a Trichina exposed to tha belling point invariably ies. But it is equally certain that fienuentlv this temperature Is not reached in boiling or roasting, or, If it i, act the whole ot the meat is exposed to it. This is certainly the case when large pieces aro boded or roastd, and even cut la sllees, not unfrcqneatly the inner parts are hall or whally raw. The parts sro.yat, when exposed, found to be saft and red- disn. mere can re no eouot tuat in sucn cases the inner part of the meat has not hscn reached by a killing temperature. Hence, it is obvious tbat by aruti bailing, roastlag, or frying, the danger Is not prevented. The experiments ot Kuchenmeister to deter nine the relations of animal heat to lite showed that large pieces of meat which had been put in a kettle, after a belling of half an hour, had enly reached a temperature of 48 degrees Kea mur. Aitcrwares it attained a temperature of 62 degrees to G4 degrees outwardly. After being cut up and put te boil, they attained a tempera ture of 69 degrees to GO decrees. Roast pork which was Inside bleoey, had 62 degrees Ilea mur, bat it will often happen that the tempera ture of tbe meat and sausage, when cooked, re mains several degrees bslow tbe-je nambers. From this record is cvidcat that the common boiling or frying ot sausages, as well as the cooking of chops aad roastsd pork, scarcely reaches the temperature which will kill Tri china. Ihe experiments or Knrhenmeister, Heubner, and Liscring, upon the conditions under which various kinds oi food from pig's tit uli is prepared, as'.affccting the life of Trichinn?, tbow! 1. Tbat Trichinro are killed by longer Immer sion in the brine ot tho meat, and by 21 hours' hot smoking of sausages. Z. They are not killed by three cays com smoking, and the boiling of meat for makiag sausages docs not certainly kill them. 3. A long keeping or cold smoked sausage serves to destroy the life of the Trichina. If a piece ot flesh containing the Trichinie be carefully examined by the iffcked eye, the ovoid opaqae shell inclosing the animal can bo barely seen ns a vellowish white granule. If the shell be careinily separated from the flesh in which it is imbedded, placed upon a slip of glas, and a drop of hydrochloric acid be added, the shell will slowly dissolve and the animal become plain under a microscoue of 60 or GO diameters. In investigating bam we should take a slice of meat an inch long and half an inch in breadth, for in ibis way can we exclude the chance of cutting between the Trichina:. The cut should be made in the direction of the fibres, and not sidewise nor crosswise, so that the observer is able to look over a larcre extent of tbe fibre. Finally. we should lay the meat very straight on the slide, because otherwise single bores might ap pear contorted, and be taken by the inexoerl as a Trichina or round worm. The investigation of sauFage is dubious, for it is not possible to say it it is made lrom meat oi one ana tne same ani mal, and in the upper part of the sausage is not the same as in the linden The history of this disease, and of the animal which produces it, is a curious but satisfying ex amide of the progress and success of scientific investigation in ferreting out tbe cause of disease and death, and w e are indebted to the nse of the microscope and to the eminent scientibc men wo have named in Germany. In this country, where German habits are being largely introduced, it becomes a mat ter of great importance to spread a knowledge of the curious tacts both ot tbe natural history of this flesh-worm, the mode of its intrednotioji iuto the body of man, and the disease and death it causes. AMUSEMENTS, miSLEY'S CONTIMENTAL NEWS JEV iXf'HAMiF.. i ChoicefSentg to all pinces ot Amaseaient may be had up to t o'ciock any evenuur. i oiij C CHOICE KEATS AND J Ticket can he bad a IfS ADM I8 8IONS.- lKOGRAMMB CKCICE, Ko. 481 C'By&.MiT billet, opaoeltetbe Pes tOftlca. tor tbo ChfHuut, Arch, Walnut, tuid Academy of Jduslo up to 6 o'clock, everr evenms. 11 If amekican academy op music. KXTILA OBDINAHY ANNOUNCEMENT. Btace Manager William A.Voore Director ot orchestra Charles It. Hod worth l'rompter Hubert Eberle GRAJ.D MUSICAL MKLAKOE AND DRAMATIC MONDAY AKTKKNOON. March l!). FOB THi- isA,NKFlT OF MR. UEUKOK UOOD. The lol'owina celt bruied Aitista ol' GKOVEH'8 .J51- )1iN tPEKA I'OMPAIiY, nastting tliroaRli l'Ullmlel- pma on A.ouciny next, nave ainoiy consenusuto reiuaja lor i bib special occasion : juaauuio ji'ila a a mirun. Maaati'P bertha juhahm"ks, 11LEODOK7C II AltfcLMAN, fkAnZ 1IIMMF.R. and JOStPU HKUMANN8. Sir. Hood will also be assisted by ihe principal artlmes Ol tbe AKC II Bill BET TIltATRE, By the ain't prmlHplon of Mrs JOHN DREW". IHh t'UEB-'UX HTHKfcl 1HEATBK. By the kind permission ol JJpssrs GKUVKR &SINN. IllK WALMJT 9IBI.M Itlians, Bv the kind ncnulsnlon 01 Mr T J. HEMfRIU,. ho liavo all aeneroubly volunteered ineir etitclent hitvIlth. Admission (Inclnnlng reserved Peatai .weoma To be olmiinfd on and n'ti-r WUVKIUDA'V at the Acudeniv.andatTKUMl LlCU'SMasIu Muro.HtVKK llI unrt I Ht..s if. ...... Doors open at l o'cioca; commence ax i o cioa. FtTIorniance will Cioue ut 5 o'cloak. S15 QliAND BILLIARD CONTEST, AT CONCERT HALL, AT CONCERT JZALL, AT CONCERT HALL, ON THURSDAY EVENING, March 22. 1SG6, at 8 o'clock, ON THURSDAY EVENING, March 22, 1SG0, at 8 o'clock, Eetween E. J. Plunkett. Champion, and Robert T. Ryall. TICKETS, FIFTY CENTS, admitting one Gentleman and Ladles. FOR BALE AT ALL BILLIARD SALOONS, and CONTINENTAL HOTEL. a The number of Cards being limited, persons who desire to v. itness this elegant game will do well to secure their tickets as early as practicable, 'L POSTUMES! OOSTUMES1 A splendid aasortmtnt ot COSTUMES AND PROPERTIES, FOR MASQUERADES, Are oflered to thn attention of the bail-tolng publle nt this gay and festive season, at the CO STUM BUY. Of twenty-flve years' establishment, . a . Ko. 9 1 7 RACE STREET, North Side. Every effort will be made to pleuse the taste of those who attend tho Carntvul Balls of the Season. W. O. DESMOND, 2 2d Ira o. !)17 BACK Street. riTIB CKKAT PANOHAMA OP IRELAND, w ih the Vovnce lloui" to mew i ora, ar NATIOSAI. HALL.MAKKETHireerata.veTWFT.FTIi, EV1 KY KVKM Bt B r.i isua i anauiUB DAY. at 1 r. N. Doors open ouo uir j;reT(o. Aouummn. o cema. U3t ACADKWY OK FLNIi A UTS, CIIESNUT j. ptreet, anove icntn. Opeulroui9 . 11. till 6 P. M. 1 ' Beaiaitiin Wnl'i great Pletare of ' i liDldl' MV.lk.l TKI' still on ealdbltlon; . U f KRMANIA OUCH 1-ioTBA. FUR LIU EK- 1 t,..r..l. ererr HtTI KlliY AFl'nttMOON AT WUHHALtUND HALL. JH'o'eloek. I UKHsementa niaiiet,dilrefcliH( UEofOK BAB1 r Kl . Aaeut No. 1231 MONTEUEV street, bcttsesu lUus and Viuo. 1 16 iia AMUSEMENTS. NEW CHF.8NUT BTltEET THEATRE, CltFSNVJT Street above Twelfth. LKOBABD OKOVKK WILLIAM E. SINN, LeMes and Mapsuera. WILLIAM K. M .., nrnmem Manager Doors open at 6'48 C'nrtalu rises at 145. THIS (Friday) fTvTkinO, March 18, BK.Nh.riT DEM FIT MR. OF.OROk'h CLARKE. UK. UF.OKUB 11. CLAKK.K. The nerlonaaare will commence with IHK COMIOAL t OlJVrBS. Till IOA1ICAL COUH tat. . . CheTallerde Vill.rae Mr (iKll.n. CLARKE TO be fo lowed hy tbe great Local Drama. llli-. FlHIMaN or PIIILADI Lt'HIAt 'IHK slhRAtLN OF FHlLADKLFlllA OR. Tilt BROAD STKF.RT HF.IRF.88, cast to the la 1 strength of the companT. with new lscal scenrrv hy R. h-rrlili amoag which may be loaas a vilw of i in: a i a i k nou.-K. C1IE8NT1T STREET. ABOTE TWELFTH. FIRE, IN THIRD STBF.KT.NrAR V1NF, GRAND TABLEAUX OF THE CUT FIUK tOh PaNII , with their Uosa Carriages, Steam Engines, Equip ments, etc. SATURDAY AFTr RNOON. srch 17. NINETY MMH UKANI) FMIIY M ATINFJC FHtKMFN OF l'llILADKLrillA. In active preparation CARTOUCHE; THE BTOLKli JEWELS. Admission to Evening l'onoruiauce, to cents, S3 cento, andtl. JOHN DREVV'H NEW AHCH STREET ! THKATKK. Begins at 7K o'clock. FAREWELL BrNr.FIl 1)F MK F. S. CHANFRAU. y, PQSllTVKLi HIS LAST APPF.iR ANCJC. TWO GLORIOUS PIt' F.8. THIH (Friday) iVEMNU, March 16, lost night, positively, of llic. STREETS OF NEW YORK. Badger Mr. CHANFRATT AUria : OLIVK. LOGAN Bob. the BootblacK C. T. FAR.SLOJC To concluile with the great drama ot THE .-Ml l.Gl.kR'. KCTIIEAT. Gale Bteesely E. L. Tllton lioherto (with Songs) Hiunrt Rohsun Korna MImK Price BAlLRDA i H r.NFFIT OF HiUARl' ROB-ION. MOSDAY-UU DILLON. BEI.PHS.GOR. Beats secured ilx days In advance. TJITALNUT STREET T H E A T R E. N. E. VT corner NINTH and WALNUT Streets. Begins at IX O CHICK. FAREWELL BENEFIT, and final appearance In Philadelphia, ot MK.ANDMK8 CHAKLFS KFAN, who will appear In Tragedy and Comody on this Ints reatlng occatiou. THE STRANGER. Ftrancer Mr CnARLE- KEAN Mrs. lluber Mrs. CUAULfcS Kit AN THE WONDrK Don Felix Mr. CHARLKS KE4N Violante Mrs. CUARLKH KB AN Supported by iir. CA1UCAR1, Mr. EVERETT, and Miss CHAPMAN. All free admission, excepting the Tress, entirely sas- penuca mis evening. SAT II KD A Y M R J. B ROBERTS. THE CORSK'AN B EOT UERS IS EW AMERICAN THEATRE- WALNUT Bircet. above Eitrhth. EW ATI RACTlONH. Engagement ot the celebrated FOWLER HISTORY. four In number the most beaut Uul and attractive dan- senses in America. EVERY EVENING. AND ON WEDNESDAY AND SATURDAY AFTER. SUUNS. BTLENDID BALLE'I H, BRILLIANT COMEDIES, i.aufuituie i)anepques, nuuiuroua rarces. AhiuBcwenia of all nations combined. P 8 E M B L Y BUILDING. THE MASTER BAUD OF TH11 WORLD COMING. BURCE88, PESDEROaHT, HUGHES, AND LA RUE'S HinMKtL). Fxtraorrtlnarv comMnatlon of talont arreat confeda. ration oi eigtinpsipnea tiuiurua a KiiciLo, CoinnHblnir TWINTT-KIODT BRIGHT PARTICULAR BTARi. lormintf at once a conttellutlon oi nnmrnassed baautr. strength. mafcinlLicen e, and ellect In the hemisphere of scieiitino aiiainmeuu Grand opening TUESDAY ZVENI5G. the 20th instant. 3 14 it FURNITURE. GEORGE J. IIENKELS, THIRTEENTH AMD CHESNTJT STS., FURNITURE WAREHOUSE. A large assortment of Rosewood Drawing-Room Furniture Walnut Drawlng-Room Furniture. Walnut Dining-Room Furniture. Walnut Library Furniture. Walnut Hall Furniture. Rosewood Chamber Furniture. Walnut Antique Furniture.- t rices are as low as the quality of the work will admit ef. GEOHGK J. IIENKELS, 3 3 Ira Late of Nop. 609 ana 811 C1IESNUT Street 1 T0 A ' I h avo i II O U S B KEEPER S. i a large stoc at every variety ot Furniture which 1 will sell at reduced prices, consisting of PLAIN AND MARBLE TOP COTTAGE SUITS WA.NCT CHAMBER BUITS. PARLOR SUITS IN VELVET PLUHIL PARLOR 8I ITS IN I1A1B CLOTJU. pJltLOU BUI18 IN REPS. Mdeboards, Exteuslon Tables, Wardrobes Book-cases Matueeses, Lounges, Eic Etc. I. P. GUSTINE, 1 It Dm N. E. Cor. SECOND AND RACE BTS. SHIPPING. titS "ANCHOR LINE OE STEAM KIU9." l.IL I'llV 1 1 11 Itl'lll TltJTl CALEiiOMA." . "OAk HUlA, "BRITANNIA," "INDIA." fiteum to LiVEltl-OOL LONIiONDERKY, BELFAKT. DUBLIN, MS.WUI, COKK, AM Ul.nhtiOVV. Ky TE. OF PASSAGE. PAYABLE IN 1-Al'KR CL'ltHKNCY. i CABINt H. D0. 1.80. and S7i c'lEi-KAbE 89 jut. paid cK.ituATE Irsued fer brlutlnu out paa-itnucra lroai the abere points at lUIYfS KA'IU loAr. am uiur.it utn, Also, to and lrotu AIL M'A'llONH ON 1IIE IBIMII HAILWAYS. f PECIAL 011CK. Passengers wLI t4ike oartlculur no ice tli at the ' Anchor l.iae" Is ihe only line minting UiieiiKh ikkets at the above rates. Itom Hhlladrluhia to lie onus n nit a uLuve, una tnut tue uiiuermucu la the only uklv uuthorled Acini in h lilimli Iplna Apply 10 TV. A IllMII.I,, 6o:oAtentfor"AN(.'HOK LINE." 1 15 L11 IVA1 V'Lt tIOe, FLAGS, FIREWORKS, &c. .J. M c Q U I G A N, Importer and Wholesale Dealer la FiNCT GOODS, NOTJOjiB, Eto. lliaVORKS. FLAGS-, Eto MATCHES AND BLACKING, NO. a KTAVVUKHKY STREET, .Kntt Suee abvre : L'-ul'U betnia Aiarketaud Chesna A 4 PB1LADKLJ' U1A. DENTISTRY- tAIAlI I'liK'E, DEMIST, GRADUATE OF I pM.adelUiia ( olleie ol lienla. Ruriiery, ciuu. 1H.U-4 iu erly oi West C Inner, Pa., having si rvea three years in the Armv. I s? irHiimert the practice of his pruletuloii itNo til Is . I LEV tMH ttreet PhUaiielpbia, where lie i 1 enatavir to aive iu,acior-aneuuou to au wuu ii hy require his piotttslonal services. V 'nE COLTOV DFNTAL ASSOCIATION ORI- slnated the Asasthetic use of NITKOIH OXIDE C.AH mi l-lractluf 'teeth without pain WE DO NO (I'llIEK I'lMili YiVKh.. OUlco, Io. Tfl WALNI.'T (tree , lhilado pblu. 2 51ui" AT QUEEN'S N K W 8 STAND, B. W. eoruer SEVENTH and C1IE8NUT Streets, ALL THI DAILY AND WEEKLY PAPKRS. 11AGAZ1NRH. 9, Kte PBlUODICALS Alay he obtained at curreD rates. MISCELLANEOUS. II A R N E S S. A 1AEGE 10T OF EW U. 8. TfAGON EAR- NtSS, 2, 4, ana 6 kone. Also, pails el II A R- Er.8, SADDLES, COLLARS, HALTERS, ete., ought at tke recent Ceveinraeat sales U be soid at a crest sacriflce. Wholesale sr Rotail. Tegothei with enr nsnal assertaieat of 8 A DDLER TA KD SADDLERY BALD WARE. "WILLIAM S. HANSELL & SONS, 9 1$ Ko. 114 MARKET Street. ILEY & BROTHER, IMPORTERS AND DFAI.F.R9 IN HAVANA CIGAR'- ANI MEFRxCHAUM PIPES, N. W. Cor. LK.U'l U and WALNUT StrveU. We efler Ihe f nest Ilavana Clears at prices from 20 to 30 i er c st. helow the rtguiar rates. Aieo, tee eeieinaie'i LOkE JACK" SMOKING TBACCO. mhlrh la far saperior to any yet brungkt keforo the Publlc- T.... "SEEK NO FURTHER. FOR NO BRTTER CAN BS QEOIIGE PLOWMAN, CARPENTER AND lilJITiDISll, No. 232 CARTER Street, And No. Ml DOCK Street. Machine Weik and MIlIwrlghtlDg promptly attended 381 te piTLETx, WEAVER & CO., MAM iJACI I OF Manilla and Tarred Cordage, Cords, Twines, Etc., No. SS North WATER Blreet and No. iii North DELAWARE Avenue, ihiladeuuia. J pwik H. Fitlsh, MictiABt, Weaver. CUKBAD F. CtOlllltK. ilii c O K. N EXCHANGE BAG MANUFACTORY. JOHN T. BA1LKY&CO.. No. 113 N. FRONT and No. 114 N. WATER Street I'hbadalphla. DEALERS IN BACH AND BAGGING ol everv descrlntloa. lor Gialn, Flaar, Bait, fcuper P hosphate of Lime, Bone Dusl, Eto. I. arte and small CUNY BAGS canstantly on hand. 2 11 S) Also. WOOL SACK.'. John T. Bailkx. James C'ascad. RESTAURANT ON THE EUROPEAN PLAN. Finest old and new ALES, at S cents perglass. , GOOD ONE-DIME EATIXO BAR. The choicest Liquors always on hand. No. 833 CHEftNUT SIRiiET. JlOJm B EN KY BEC KER, Manager. J. C. P E R K I N LUMBER MERCHANT s, fincceesor to B. Clark, Jr., No. 824 CHRISTIAN STREET. Constantly on hand a lame sndvantd assortment of BnildiBK Lumber. & Z4 DBIDESBURO MACU1NB WOEKS, XJ urricK, DO. 3 A. (HUlli BTttll, FBILADEI.rniA. We are vrapared to all ordera to any extent for out well known MACHINERY FOR COTTON AMD WOOLLEN HILLS nelnding all recent huproveneuM Id Caxalag, Spinning and t caving. Wa Invite the attentlow ot mannlacturets to oorszua "Vr; ALFBED JKHKB ABON. OTTON AND FLAX BAIL DUCK. AM CAJNVAS, ot ail namners end nrouas. Tent. Awning. Irnnk nnd Wagon-Cover Duck. Also, Paper Manutactiirers' Drier Felt. from one to seven feet wide; I"aulin. Lcltlng, Koll Twine, eta. JOHN W. KVKIJMAN k Co.. 361 No. 1U3 JONES' Alley. WILLIAM 81 "GRAN T, ( UMlllMMKIK atr.KCllAJHT- No. 3 6. DELAWAUB Avenue, Pluisdclphia, AGENT FOR Dnpcnt's Gunpowder, Keflned Mtre, Charcoal, Eto. V. llaker A Co 's C hocolatc, ( ocom, and Broma, Crocker Uios. it Co. 's Yeiluw Ate tul fcUenihlug, Holts, endNaUs. lit ALEXANDER g! CATTELL A CO., TRODUCl! COMMISSION MKHCHANTS, No. 6 NOHTII WHARVES, AND No. 27 NOFTI1 WATFIt STREET, I'HILADKLl'UlA. 2 2 S ALEXAKDIH Q. CAT1KI.L. ELIJAII O. CATTELL riF.E AND BURGLAR PROOF SAFES 'JllEFIEEIN CIIESNUT STREET Letter from "Wells, Fargo & Co. S10.C00 SAYED W HERUISG'S PATENT SAFE. PiiiLADELrniA. January a. 1866. Itp.ssBB. FABltEL, Dekki.no A Co. Gentlemen : -Wa have Just opened our Safe, one of your manalucturc. which passed throagh tbe dest recti ve fire In Chosnut s reet last nlitht. The Bafe was In our office, No. 607, v hlch building was entirely destroyed. The hate was la a warm place, as you mav well suppose, and was red hoi when taken out of the embers. We aro well satisfied with the result of this trial, and find our books, papers cud some ten thoasaud dollars In money almost as per. feet as whea out In tbe Fate. Nothing is Injured, It wo except the leather bindings of the hooks, which i steamed; Ihe money and papers are as good as ever. t aruly yours, WELLS," FARGO & CO., Per J. U. COCK, Agent The above Psfo can be seen at our stcre. , PARREL, HERRING & CO., 310 lm No. 629 CHESNUT Street DYEING, SCOURING, ETC. THE STATEN ISLAND FANCY" DYEIN(j I EBTABLIME-NT. AT 111': ULU MIASU. o. 41 N. EIGHTH Sireet, East aido. vn niHkH nvvii r. in this CITY. TVith it, i,nnt nt ad axoer'ence ot nean.v flDv i ears on Stuten Island, and facilities sneriuullei hy any iher estahilsemcnt in this country, we olkr superior Inducements to those bavins n, vooiicaor raucv Goods lor DYEING B CLEANhl.NU it A BRETT. NEPEW"t. CO., No. 47 N. 1 IGH'I H Htreat, Plillalelplilu, Nos. ftaniU JOHN Street Now Yorn, No. T18 Hl'OAUtVAY New York. I lira No.2ti9 ELLTON Slrest, Brooklyn. MEW YORK DYEING AND PRINTING 1 ESTAIlLlSIiMENT, Staten Island, No. 40 N 1 1ltlPl LI kltriu.fr 'Huh Ctuipany. so Ions and favoraWv known iu New York lorthe past lorty-slx years, have openod an flioc I'M vboe Ladh-s' and sentleaien's aaruieuts and wear ink' ant are! of every kind Dved and Cleaned in tho uioh I e.iei t tnanner. Stains and spots removed lrom garment V ifert h Mia'havtiig1" ioo&b of undesirable colors can have iLeinrtdjedlu superior style. laHuwUm CARPETINGS. &o C R r e t i n a s. A LARGE STOCK OF pmiADELFHlA MANUFACTURE Id store and constantly roccivinr, AT VERT LOW TRICES. OEOHOE V. HILL, 2 1 thBlv8m Ho. 1M NortU TI1IKD dtroot. , I COAL. ()OAL! COAL.! TV BEST QUALITIES OF COAL AT LOWEST MARKET RATES, AT C 0 A L Y A It NINTH STREET, I), BELOW CIRARD AVENUE. r.RANCH OFFICE COKNER OF SIXIU AND SIRING GAKDEN blltlETS. 31 JAMES O'BRIEN, DEALER 1H LEDIliH .AND SCnUTLKILL COAL, BY 2 HE CARGO OR SINGLE TON. Yard, Broad Street, below Fitzwater. Has constantly on liand a eonpetcnt anpply ol tha atove enjierior Coal, uui table tor family use, to which be calls the attentioa of his Iriena aad the autilic aenemlly. Ordet h it at No. 20T H. Fl'th ewect, Bo. 83 8. Seventceuth street, or through Dcsaatch or fost OOlcc, prtirrrtly attended to A HCtftliiUK VtUAXJTY OK BLACKSMITHS COAL. 7 8 J ROBERT r BENDER, COAL DEALER, S. W. C011NER ER0AP AND CALLOWIIILL STREETS rniLADiLrniA. None bnt the test WEST LEBIGH, all alms, from tbe Greenwood Colliery, on huad, and for sals for CAttU ONLY. CHI 6m Also, tNGINE, DEATER, AND FURNACE COAX. LEGAL NOTICES. IN THE OIll'HANS' COURT Pl)R THE CITY AND COUNTY OF PHILADELPHIA. FMute of JOHN WILSON AIOORK, M. D , deceased. Ihe Auditor appointed by the onrt to audit, guttle, end adlust tnu eounto UACHF.L W1LOON 1IOOKK, MIL.hOn MOOKK JKNKISS and J AO'Ort M. KLLIM, Lxeeutoraot JOHN WILSON WUUUK, M. D.. doeeased. nnd to report dutrlhntlun of the baiane in the hands of tho aecoautant, vil I meet Uie pat tics Intermtcd for the punCKs ol his appointment, on TUE.-DAY. the 2Ath Our of March. A. D 18UK, at II o'cloek A.M.. at bis cilice, No 4.'A WALNUT Street, In the eity ot rhliadel phlu. W. D. BAKhK, 3 fmwSt Auditor. tTbtatr OF THE IIOKORABLE OSWALD THOAIPSON, decanted. Letters ef Administration upon tha Estate of tha nonstable OMWALD I IK'Hl'f-ON. decsuad, huvlng been planted to tho andrilad by the lieglster of Wills liirthetity and C ounty ol Phllade pnln, ail persons having claims or damands atalust the tit a: a of said d edant. arc leutiesteS to make known Ihe same, without delay, and those Indebted to sake payment to Admlnlsirator. t 0 16'." No. 717 WALNUT f trcet. Philadelphia. N THE COURT OP COMMON PLEAS FOR THE CITY AND COUSTY OK PHILADELPHIA. BUS AN P. IIAEP.OZIN vs. ISAAC HAKBOZ1N. SepUmber 1 ena, 1 No. '. Tn Itaao llarboztn. KesDnndent. Sir : The Conrt have arasced a rule to show cause why a divorce from the hanns of niatrimonv ehtll not ha decreed. Returna ble SA1 UBDAY, March II, 1866 at lOo'olookA. M. Per sonal notice having lansa on account o your aosence. 3 6lui4t" TUOA1AS J. CLAI run. lorxiioeuanr. VOTICE,-LETTEKb TESTAMENTARY J.1 upon the eatate of MAKY HANCOCK, deceased, hnve hesn granted to the uncisrslgned. All persons having calms or demands asalnst t lie estate ot the aald do- ct dent are requested to' make tne same Known to mm wlihoutueisy. V & H F.O X. 11 A r V . WV IV, 2 23f Ct No. JSC CAT11AK1.SE street. STOVES RAKGES &o. (ULYEH'S NEW PATENT DEEP BAND-JOINT HOT-AIR FURNACE. RANGES OF ALL SIZES. ALSO, THIEGAR'S NEW LOW PRESSURE STEAM HE AT IN U AI'i'AEA 1'US. FOB BALK BY 4 CHARLES WILLIAMS, No. 11S2 JlAEKEl STREET. 54$ MAN U FACTURER, AND DEALER IN ghof otjraplt Albums, BOOKS, BIBLES, PRAYERS, Uaeanlnes, Novels, aad all the Now Publications. CARD, MEDIUM, AND IMPERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS. SlfrcosMpfSfinl Stcrciscopie Vim j.T Pirlarci of all kicis Fraacd to srdcr, 808 CHESTNUT ST. 803 -4 QAS! OASI1 GAS!! I REDUCE YOUR GAS RILLS. Stratton's Regulator for Gas Burners, (Patented November 21, 18ot.) It Is a matter of considerable Importance to gas con sumers generally, and oi especial luiportmce to all keepers of boiela ana larue lioamlnK houses, to have snch ras burners as will admit oi lielug easliy and per--ninneutlv ad lusted to suit .the special requirements of the locality ot each t because those wlio liavo not to pav the bills fuel but little or no Interest in ecopoiulzlna- the tas, and sometimes oarelesHly, or thougktlesslv, turn on twice or thrice as much as wouis answer their needs. Cull and examine, or seud enr orders to. STRATVON & CO., AT THE TLOKENC. OFFICE, No. S30 CHESS DT Street, I'hilada. ' riotall price. 3ft cents each. 2 12 mwffim EEVEKCE BTAMPS, REVKNUE STAMPS HH.VLNUE 8TAA1PS. Of all defcrlptluns, Ol all descriptions, " Alwavs on sand, ' Always on hnnd. AT FTOHFNC BE WIN Q MACHINE CO.'H OFFIOB, AT -LOKtN( '' KKW1NO MAI HINECO.'S OFFICE, Ai rlj . Ko. 6:m CIIKSMIT Btroet. No. 6110 CHKftNU r Htieet, One dour below Hevenih street One door below Seventh street. The most liberal discount allowed. 1 he most liberal discount alio wed. It ,Hi i In f ii Utn aj.