OCR Interpretation


The evening telegraph. [volume] (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1864-1918, April 06, 1866, THIRD EDITION, Image 7

Image and text provided by Penn State University Libraries; University Park, PA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025925/1866-04-06/ed-1/seq-7/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 7

THE DAILY EVENING TELEGRAPH PHILADELPHIA, FRIDAY, APRIL G, 18G6;
1
f.
MALT LIQUOKS.
BMrtf theComuilnalonera Appointed
ty tne United Kintea Brewers' AmocIh
lions to tn United (Mate Revenue
CommlMloa on the Taxation and
Manufacture of Malt Liquor in Groat
Britain and on tbe Continent of En--;.
trope.
At a Convent Ion of the Brewers of the United
Mates, hold at Baltimore on the 18;h day of Octo
, br, 18G6, tbe tallowing resolutions were passed
unanimously, vis.:
f Jif totted. That the report Just read of the Comrols
aloneis who vtslted Europe on behali of the Brewers be
pieced In the hands 01 tne hairman ot the United
Hiauw Commlssbiners. appointed lot the revision ot the
Internal Rcvenae, with the request that tlie same be
presented to ( on grew, and printed In the English and
, Uerman languages.
lifituvd. That the thanks of this Convention are
nerehy tendered to Messrs. Collins. Head, and Kanor,
rbr the able and most satisfactory manner In which tliey
ftave executed the duties 01 the Commission.
At mestln of the Associations of Ale and Porter
nd I-ager Beer Brewers, of Philadelphia, bold on
the 7th ol Maich, 18C6, It was
' Jtftolttd, That a Committee should - be ap
pointed, consisting of three members ot each
ot tbe two Associations, who should Invite
the co-operation ot similar Committees of Asso
ciations In oiher cities, to obUiln lull and accurate ln
formatloniot tbe Excise laws ol Europe appertaining to
Bia't liquors, lv sending two t'omuilsaloners, to be
selected by them, to Uieat Britain, France, and the
German State duly accredited bv the Ibrewers of this
eouniry, wfco shoaid iiirutsa a report of the s ;atlstlcs
tl us obtaiued, to the Uommiesloners to be appointed bv
flie Secretary ol the United State Treasury lor the pur-
5 oe ot revising the Inteuai system ot taxation, and
re pare the form of a bill lor ihcr consideration of tbe
xt t onsres. fclmilar resolutions were ado pied by a
general meeting ol I He brewers ot .New x'ork, and also of
Clnchinatl.
' Under these resolutions Mr. Froderlo Collins, of
Philadelphia, and Mr. Matthew 1'. Head, ol Mew
York, were appointed tho oniinissionors, and sub
aequentiy Mr. r-redorlck Lnuur, of Keidtnir, was
aupointod to accompany the t ommUsion tliroueu
tlie German tate. Before proceeding on their mis
sion they visited Washington, and stated to tho Hon.
, li. Mcculloch, Secretary ot the Treasury, tue object
Ot their intended vslt, who addresssa to thorn
letter approving of their p an.
Two ot the Commissioners, Messrs Collins and
Bead, sailed irom Now York on the 19th ot April,
nd arrived at Quccnstown the 2'Jth of tbe same
month; they were Joined by their colleague, Mr. F.
Inner, in London, on the 15th day of May, who ac
companied them through Belgium, tho German
States, Switzerland, and Fianco, and rotu'ned with
them to New lork on the 2iitb day of July, alter
an absence of lourteen weeks irom tho day of their
departure.
, Ibe Committee appointed In pnrsnance of the
above resolutions bev leave to submit to the United
States Brewers' Convont.on an account ot thoir mis
sion. t 1
Ittjtort ot Brewers' Commission.
GREAT BRITAIN.
I Our first visit being to Great Britain, the condition
i ol the Browing interest tnere became a prominent
i object of inquiry, and a visit to Borne of the great
, breweries ue mdisueusablo as it was agreeable to us.
i Landing in Irelana, we called, alter our arrival in
i Dublin, at the celebrated J'orter Brewery ot Messrs.
GuinLcss, Hon & Co, This i one ot the largest
.breweries tn Great Britain; and Mr. Guinness in
; lormed ub that it tanked about the tourth In the ox
tent ot its production. Mr. Guinness is widely
'known as a Christian philanthropist. In one instance
i I ne contributed Ai&o.uio 000) for tne renovation
i and enlargement of t. i'atnek's 1 Protestant Eois-
copal) Cathedial in Dublin.
The quantity ol ma t mashed daily In this brewery
Is 3040 bushels. Ibe mash-tuns are iron; the coppers,
domed, with a copper reservoir attached for contain
ing liquor (water), into which tho steam is conducted
from the copper wuon boilinir. '1 he liquor, thus
lieu ed ir; used in the lollowmg mash, or lor sparg
ing Thi'gyles, or tornn nting tans, are square. The
Do, tor. when the lorniontatmn in nearlv timahAri. 1
Vl'.n tntrfnthflr snnitrev. wliern it 1a alritnmml anrl
when this prooess is compleied, pumped into tne
storing vats, which are sixtv seven in number, vary
ing in capacity from 300 to 2000 hogsheads. A cylin
drical yeast tub is here employ ed tor separating tho
porter from tbe yeast by hydrostatic power, the in
vention ot tbe bead brewer.
When we consider that it was onlv about the dawn
1- oi tiio piesent contuiy that the manutacture ot
i porter was first introduced into Ireland, the extent of
business transacted at tnis ono establishment is truly
surprising. Thero are several other extensive brew
I eriee in lrelrud, ibe largest of which are probably
I those of the Messrs. Walking, in Dublin, and Messrs.
J Beamish k. Crawiord, and Sir John Arnot, in Cork.
I let the whole produce ot male liquor in Jrolaud and
ft Hoot, and equals but one-tenth ol tnat ot tho United
n.ingdom, with more than one-lourth ot the popula
tion Crossing ovor from Ireland into Scotland, we
stopped bat a tew hours at Glasgow, and proceeded
direct v to Edinburgh, where, amonc other larire
i brewing establishments, we visited the brewery of
tne iiu86is lounger, ine Drowinz nere is onir
conducted during the fall, winter, and spring, when
the ale can be tormented at a low tomperature. It 19
finished in the ltrmcutintr tuns by the skimming
process, and tacked irom theso into casks.
(Scotland has, loralong period, boon justly cele
brated tor the manufacture of n superior quality ot
ale, much ot it oi a heavy gravity or great strongtn.
The increased demand lor a ligh'er ale is now, how
ever, ireelv met by the brewers there, and they are
successluily competing, in their own market, and, to
some extent, in Loudon, with the lumous Breweries
ot Button-on-'Irene.
From hero we passed ovor to London, one of the
great central points to which our attention was par
ticularly directed.
1 he quantity ot beer manufactured here (tindor
which bead we shall Cas the various descriptions
J of malt iijuor, as a general termi, is about one-sixth
i oi mu enure prouuouou oi ureal uiuaiu. xue
bicwerics here and at Burton-on-Trent are tho largest
I in the world Ol tbe two ve groat biewenes in Lon-
f linn, it in flifllenit in rinniila nut ni Bavaral it tltain
wuiuu nines preceaonce in ino exiout oi its opera
tions. Formerly, it was easily ascertained, as the
quantity of malt on which duty was paid by each
Ihmiau uraa mtl.liulwwl miniiollir K'nu, linuravii.
.lowing, it is said, to local jealousies, it is suppressed.
' or a long periou, me ceienraiea nouso oi Jtiussrs.
Utarclay, l'erkins & Co. ranned as tho lirst Now. it
Is believed that Mes-rs. 'iruuian. Uaubury, Buxton
fc Co., take precedence in the extent of the produc
tion, although some assign this position to the house
lif MeNKrA. HfiHfl. Inte.littn. Irmlinn Rr. . nf Hnrl.nn.
an-lrent. But this matters not. The houses which
j we have named, together with those ol Messrs.
' Whit bread & Co., A lsopp ft Co., of Burtou-on-
Trent, Meux & Co., and Kcid & Co., approximate
to cioseiy to tucu otner, tnat, in tne eooiug una now
ing of tnoir vast business, a distant wave, in its on
ward and irresisiiole course may lilt any one of
1 mem a utile uigiicr niiu cuiry iv uuvuuu lili) Jiuo ill
I the loteaiost of the others, A transfer of the orders
cuuimcip; oi hid uoiituiiiuul wuuiu vr,,uuoe iuis
result, as it is stated (hat they amount to 200.000 bar
rels annually lor their troops in India and else
where. On tbe 8th of May we visited the brewery of
Messrs. Barclay, Perkins & Co. We bore registered
our names, and wero tiien taken through this vaat
establishment. Originally a porter brewery, they
now brow both porter and alo, and. although tho
brewings are conducted undoi one roof, yet the ar
rangement of the mills, coppers, mash tun, lenuout-
I ing twin, etc., is a disiinot as it It were two
brewenoH inntead ot one. 'Ibe arrangement and
I management ol tho porti-r blowing are similar, in
most respects, to that of Messrs. Guiunu & Co., to
U which wo have alluded, tlie principal diu'ereuce l
(in the manner of limshing tho ale. Tuis is done In
pontoons, tno porter in ettllng backs.
'I I - , ....... 1 . . . .. .iun . t' ;...,. Thns mauh
J IJC llianu inns ui'idaio nmu ui iivii, a ud, iuu.,.
from 1IK0 to 1400 nunliel- ol mait in each, and avorage
about 5000 busheie daily, except in iiio suuiiuur
season, hen it is less. Thev can store away in their
larue 6tonug vats iieary 200,00.1 barrels. Their
largest vats contain nearly 6000 of our bariels. Thev
have one cluet brower and two assis:auts, an l adopt
tbo p an ot instruoiing the sons ot the members of
y line una in me an oi urowiuu, vug o.rye in b: )iuii
t ,esbip of lour vears, rising at 4 o'clock in tho
vjornlug, or earlier, it required, and wheneyor any
it ine c ers go inio me oouuirv iur a wee a or iwo,
is it is the custom to permit thorn to do, they take
heir places at the desk miring their absence, la
his way thev become lam hartzod with the whom
outiuo ot the busiuess. They resido on the promises,
n a building erected for their especial occupancy.
nd there are now tlvo young men, witn tlie exoccta-
ion of a argo interest in the llrin, occupying this
losition.
l no malt Is keDt In covered bins and Is convevod
i v euuless screws and elevatois whtruvor required.
fine bops are kept in oolnparaiiveiy dark rooms.
rhe prejuutco against American nop is rapiuiy un-
appeanug. A proportion of them is now used in
nearly an mo iur)ro uniwenes
'j lie brewery and buildings connected with it
covor an area of about twelve acres of ground. Their
malt nouso, or mailings, as iney term mem, aro
.jtnaieu in iub couniiv. xneir casus are mauu uu
beir own premises, ana b. ewers gauorailv auoyt
bis course. 1 heir stables, w hero aie kept 120 diay
orse, weighing Irom 1700 to 1030 pounds each, are
ell wonii vi.itmg l'ho visitor is impressed with
e mai'ultude oi tma, ana otner large nrowenos,
i
i w it it tho pertect system wnioli is adopted iu
distribution ol labor iu -every department of
ilUM
lhe value of time is nowhere more regarded. A
person desiring to see any member of the firm mnt
send his csrd and sUte particularly his business, tho
Importance of whioh determinns bis snoeess, ,
We subsequently oal ed at the brewery of Messrs.
Wlilthread It Co. Here tho water is pumped Irom
wells from throe bundrod to five hundred foot jn
depth, lhe lunips are almost constantly at work
throwing the water into the reservoirs, which are
situutcd on tbe roofs ot their btiudinrs. They have
immense cellars under their buddings, embracing
probably from eight to ten acres. 1 heir ate is 1
racked into casks, and their porter conveyed into
strong vats, i .
We also visited the brewery f Messrs. Truman,
Hanbury.Bnxton ft Co. 1'resenting onr order trom
one of tne firm to Mr. Frazier, the chief manager,
he placed ns nnder the guidance oi one of their in
telligent brewers. This brewery diners trom the
Other two which we have nanud, mainly in the
material of their rounds, squares, pontoons, stlllions,
eto , many ol which are made ol slate. Thev have
bad a lew ot tbem in nse long enough to lest their
qualities, and are bivbly pleased witn them on
account hi their e eanllness and durability.
They have en their premise a machine shop,
copper and blacksmith shops, carpenter shop, paint
hop, eto., for their own couvonieuoe In makiag re
pairs, eto.
1 ho price at which ordinary porter Is sold is 83s.
per bbl. i ale, 85s.
t It is i etatlcd bv tho glass, containing a full half
plntatlj d., aud by tho quart st 4d.
It is said that almost every householder, in good
circumstances, keeps a barrel of malt, liquor on tap
in his cellar.
Our next visit was to Burton-on-Trent, a place
famed throughout the civilized world tor the excel
lence oi its beer, the high character and intelligence
ot iu brewers, cud the magnificence and complete
ness ol its brewenos. ...
Our visit here was of a peculiarly interesting
cbaraoier. A large portion ot tne city is appropriated
to tbis one especial branch of mauulaeturo, and,
from a distant elevation, would present the appear
ance of one vast btewery, claiming a rank amongst
the wonders of the world.
The most prominent firms eniravod in tho business
are those ol Messrs. Bass, KatchlTj, Grattau & Co.,
and Mes rs. iSamuel Allsopp & Sons, i ne former
brra have three large brewories in successiul opera
tion. An idea ot the colossal character of their
business may be formed from the following siatittios
dorived liom tbe most roliaule source:
txieni oi the premles 43 acres.
Cot of purchasing same, at an
averago of 3750 per acre,
JL180.000, or eS71,200
Quantity of malt estimated to
be brewed tnis year, 100 000
quartets 1,280,000 bushels.
Kumlierol casks in use iu the
trade 433,000
Number of workmen employed. l,n5
Number of clerks Bid
Number oi horses HO
Extent of private railway in
connection with brewery.... 3 miles.
Extent 01 land requited to grow
100,(,00 quarters 80,000 00:.
Amount paid in malt tax to the
Government on tho 100,000
. quarteis 5S85,731
Amount ot sales of last season,
1,208,499 6,125,015
Value ol greatest siock 01 a e
on band at any one time $2,406,409
Gieatest amount ot sales e fleet
ed in anv one mouth 854,827
Greatest amount of payment
mado in one month $618,560
Greatest amount ol cash re
ceipts in ono month, 126,000 $609,840
Amount of traflic per rail last
year 145,696 tons.
Faia to ranway tor lreight, one
month, 14,000 $67,760
Quantity ot coals consumed per
diem 130 tons.
Amount ot pas consumed 8,000,000 cubio foot,
Vio at wbicb business is annu
ally extending, 25 000 quar- . .
tors or 200 000 bushels.
We wore also informed thut they had eignt acres
of land covered with casks of beer, piled three tiers
high, which, previous to our arrival, had beon dis
tributed amongst their various agencies throughout
the kingdom.
Tne operations of Messrs. Allsopp & Sons are
scarcoly loss extensive. They have two brewerios in
operation, and they are eooally celebrated lor the
character ot their beer. Their new brewery Is, per
haps, the most periect and complete establishment
winch has ever been erected. Their makings,
cooperages, etc, are on their own premises, which
cover an area ot titty-two acres of ground.
lhe counting-house of the new brewery is one
hundred aud twenty feet square, subdivided by
glass partitions ana handsomoiy furnished. Each
department, including the post office, is thoroughly
systematized, and arranged lor their business. They
have duphcatos of all brewing utensils in order that
their business may not, at any timn, oe ioteirupied.
Their utensils tor masbing, tormenting, and finish
ing their beer are of wood, and the entire arrange
ment is such that space and labor aro economized to
the best advantage. The two storage rooms at the
new brewery aro one hundred and twenty fcot in
width and five hundred and ten feet in length.
Every cask sent out, of wliion they have about
four hundred thousand, is numbered and registered,
and tbey can turn at any moment to tho book
and page where it is entered and toll you
where any particular cask is. Any deficiency on
the returu of the casks must be made up
and settled for once a vear, at a lixed period, that
the aocount may be balanced. Thev also employ a
corps oi chemists, whoso duty It is to submit to
known testa the beer in preens ot manuiacture, in
order to secure its ultimate perfection.' ,
Tne Burton water is considered to bo especially
adapted to tho brewing ot Easi India or bitter beer,
the lollowing is an analysis of the water used in the
brewer? of Messrs. All.-opp & hons, made by Or.
llenrr Bottingcr. a pupil of l'ro'essor Liebig, of
Buvaria, and chief manager of tho brewery:
CONTESTS OF ONE IMPERIAL GALLON.
Grams.
...1012
... 7 60
. . .18 hd
... 9 95
,...15 51
... 170
... 00
... 79
Chloride of Sodium. .
Sulphate of l'otussa. .
Eime.
Magnesia ,
carbonate ot Eime
Carbonate of macnesia
Carbonate of Iron Frotoxide
Silica
Total solid contents 65 28
Also an analysis showing the saline uud mineral
ingredients contained in. the bcor:
Grains.
Alkaline Salts 78
Alkaline Chlorides 28
Alkaline Carbonates and l'ho-phates 14
Fhosphate of Ernie anu Magnesia 102
Total saline Ingredients 202
It will te observed that the earthy salt' disappear,
and thut the wuter, ihuug'i bard ut hrst becomes
soit iu tbe process 01 lrewing. The depuiulmg
power of limn IB well known, insomuch that it, has
li en employed in the clarification ot cane and otnor
vegetable juices, and His, no doubt, owing to tho
picsence and prooipitubon' of this subitanue, that
tbo action or the Burton water in securing the early
liaLspnreuuy of tho beer is to b attributed.
It is well knowu that the brewers in London espe
cially control a large proportion of thepublio houses
w here beer is sold I hoy either own or lease them,
and le-let them to the publican, or advance money
on tliem. No beer is penult red to bo boxI, by the
brew er who controls the bouso, except ot his own
brewing, unless it may be of a description which no
doos not manuiacture He then bus a large in
affixed to tho bout-e on which is letiered, tor exam
ine, Truman, Haubury, Buxton & Co.'s Entire,
Barclay, l'erkins & Co.'s Entire, etc.
In tbiu counoction we desire to call the attontlon
ot brewers and ma tsters in this couutry to the care
bestowed bv the matsters of Great Britain in the
selection ol llieir barley, and during the process oi
mulling it. Thev pass it either through a screen or
blowing machine, which separates too light grains
irom tbe heavier ones, and soli the former for b ed
tor cattio, confining tbo limiting to tho best grain.
The bariev iB not unduly hastened on tho floors, but
ample time is givon it to germinate, and it is care
fully and perlectly dried When thrown from tae
kilns, it passes over a screen, and the separation oi
tne root el is more thorough at this timo, when the
malt Is warm aud the root 1 i ts crisp, than attar the
malt becomes cool Immediate. y after this it is
taken and plaocd in bins, where it is covered with
tne rootlets ol the ma t about lour inches in depth,
to protect it from the ctlects of moisture, etc.
For malt floors tliey use a tile six inches square
and one inch thick, called ferro-uietallio squares,
which make a level, smooth, and durable floor. Tho
maitiugs of Messrs. Joseph Gilstrap & Sons, and J.
W. aud H. Braiisiou, of Newark-on-lreut (which
we visited), aro quite prominent establishments; tne
former producing about 80,000 quarters, or 640,000
bushels, of malt annually.
Dai lev, when of choice quality, Is often purchasod
late in the spring, aud. atior the close of the malting
aeuson, dried on the kilns bv a slow beat, without
impairing the strength ot the germ, and malted
early in the lollowing autumn.
Tbe superior quality ol the Encllah malt, with
winch, such care it taken, gives assurance to the
brewer that his beer will be oi pood quality and
flavor, If be bestows tho ordinary skid and attention
on tho brewing ot it.
We too! that we oannot lot this opportunity pass
without exprestiugthe bono that the nialuters of the
Culled Stales will be induced to adopt the same
caro in malting their bariev and oleunmg it. Too
Utile a tention has been given by many of them to
producing tuo best malt tbo bariev is capable 01,
nd we beg to remind thorn 01 the wisdom ot suou a
coarse In thus contributing to the prodnoilon of a
enpertor quality ot mait liquor, wbieb, from it ex
cellence and popularity, would greatly increase the
consumption, and produce a corresponding increase
In the oemand for malt. Nor can we too highly re
probate the oourse pursnedby some maltsters in pur
chasing interior qualities of barley, hurrying it
through the process ot malting, and tlirowin it on
the market in an Imperfect and damaged condition,
and, it purchased by the brewer, resulting in the
production ot an Infoiior quality 01 bter. and affect
ing tbe general interests of the business in disin
clining; the public to tbe use of it. '
Cvnmmjilion nf Halt Liquor in Great Itritai.
The manuiacture ot malt liquor is on the Inorease,
not onlytn ureat Britain, but also throughout all
Europe, and the consumption corresponds with the
manufactme In reference to the consumption of
beer tn England, the Chanoellor askst "lias the
Englishman changed bl nature? lias he ceased to
supply bimselt witn a uflio ent proportion of this
excellent and truly national drink V and then re
marks: "On the contrary, the figures all tend up
ward In 1841 the consumption of malt in Great
Britain w as 1 701 bushel per bead ot the population j
in I808 it was 1 7H8 por bead. IVow that 1 think fur
lushes evidence ot very handsome growth. Hut
bow stands tbe case Witn spiriisf During yoararter
year, during ibe reriod to which 1 am reforrlng,
additional burthens have been laid. In 1841 the
consumption per bead of spirits in Great Britain
wis -768 gallons, while In 18U3, to my groat Joy and
satisfaction, it bad sunk to 645."
"lhe consumption of ber in England," ho further
remarks, "in 1(20 was 6,000,01,0 t arrels, or at the
rate of a bariol per bead ; for tho population at that
time was only 6,000,000."
"In 1830 the consumption was 8,000.000 barrels,
and In that year, 1 regiet to say, it bad sunk irom
one barrel to two-thirds of a barrel per head. In
18o4. however, so Powerful were tbo restorative pro
cesses whioh bad been Introduced, and so much had
the consumption oi beor been assisted by tbe legis
lation wbich took placo in regard to spirits and
otherwise, we go back with a population of
20 (K'0,000 to the good old scale, and consume
20,000 000 ba'rois, or ixactly the same quantity per
bead as in 1722."
Again, "Malt we may say lies bait way between
the stronger liquors, such as wine and spirits, on
tho ono band, ai, a tea on the other. "
"1 grant that Deer ought to be faxed more lightly
than the wines, which compote with it, and more
lightly than spirit."
From these remarks of Mr. Gladstone, the policy
oi tbo British Government i quite obvious, viz, :
to derive tne greatest revenue Irom tho greatest con
sumption 01 beer, and the greatest revenue trom tho
smallest consumption of spirits; to encourage tho
consumption of the one and to discouiage the con
sumption of the other.
BAVARIA.
Through the courtesy and attention of the brewers
of Munich, we had ampin opportunities afforded us
of visiting their establishments. The most extensive
are those of Mr. Gabriel Sedletnjr and the Lion
Brewery. ihee biewerlc each cover an area of
ground equal to from eight to twelve acres in extent,
ana sie well and conveniently arranged, witu tho
most approved apparatus lor brewing. Tho annual
production oi each amounts to Iroin 800,000 to 400,000
cimeis (170,000 lo 280 000 barrels), tho chief port.cn
ot which is consumed within tbo city ot Munich and
its vicinitv. Tbe beer, whether present use or layor,
is of a light quality, and is stored in deep vaults
underlying tber buildings and grounds. I he beer is
preserved by lot, with which the vaults aro covered
and surrounded. In one instance 10,009 tons of ice
wire thus stored away in a single establishment,
'ibis is necessary lor its keeping qualities, as but a
small quantity of hops is useu in the brewing, the
public taste being avciso to a highly boppod beer,
lhe ma.tiiig ot their barley is conducted in cellars
underneath fheir breweries, lhe floors are com
post d of square blocks ot stone similar to those used
by lithographers for their drawings, aud they pre
sent a very level and smooth appearance, the stone
bemg admirably adapted for the purpose by its
cleanliness and durability.
lhe mult is dried on kilns of perforated iron
plates, arranged one above the other. The germi
nating barley is p rnuttcd to "wittier" Bomowhat
bclote being loaded on the kilns. Tho upper kiln
iB oaiieo llrt, and when the vapor has been ex
pelled, the grain is let down to the lower, when the
u) per kilu is again loaded with moist malt, tbe dry
ing being thus accomplished within twenty-four
hours trom the time it is taken irom tbe malting
floor. Jurf or peat is used ss fuel, the fumes ot
which are conducted through two large flues, one
above the other and nnderneatn the loner kiln.
Ibis rapid diying Is prcterred to the slower process
pursued in this country and in England.
1 he King's Brewery, situated near tbe central part
of Munich, is one ol the prominent institutions of
tbe ciiv. tinder tho control and management 01 the
Governmeni it furnishes to tho people, at cost, a htrht
and relreshing beer, at tho low price ot lour cents
per maa, containing la'her over a quart. Under the
long ari hway in iront ot the brewery, you enter a
door, band the empty mug to tbe tapster, who is
stationed by tne large cask always froshlv tapped,
by whom it is rilled, and, alter paying tor it, you
take a seat at one of the long tables In the crowdod
saloon it a seat is to be lound. T he daily sales here
amount to 8000 gallons.
Not less interesting was the visit of yonr Commis
stoiieis to tno monastery of St. Fiancis, suuutod
within the limits 01 the city. Under tbe guidance
01 Dr. Max l'ottonkoler we were conducted to the
ancient Institution, and, alier tbe usual formalities,
Invited to particpato in the hospitalities ol their
social board. Surrounding a long table were seated
the lathers, and a lew strangers and some 01 the
prominent citizens 01 Munich, enjoying their plea
sant conversation. Bolore each was placed a large
glass ol beer, aud it gives us ploasuio to acknowl
edge the kind welcome we received and our enjoy
ment of tho excellent and tar-famed beer brewed
by the Monks. We were permitted to inspect tne
complete and well-arranged little brewing apparatus.
Ma t liquor, or beer, as it is universally caned, is
regarded by the people of Havana as esseutial to
their health and enjoyment. They use it freely and
with impunity. The superiority and low cost ot this
beverago sxcindo the use of that which is unduly
stimulating and too otien adulterated, and which
not one in one thotsand persons is habituated to the
use of. The Government recognizes beerasanutiona
beverage, proticts the people in its got d quality, cm
ploys 1, IL eel s to inspect on the 80th of Aoril of each
year the beer storeo in the vaults of the brewers, and
bv light taxation encourages its consumption, doent
ing it necessary for the promotion 01 good morals
and the contentment of the people. It is a fact
worthy of great attention that mtemperanoe is ot
jure occurrence, and that (as stated by a leading offi
cial, connected with tlie Military and Government
Hospitals) only In a reriod of five or six years does
a caso ol delirium tn mms occur.
AUSTRIA.
One of tho most celebrated breweries in Kuropo is
situated at Bchwocbat, distnnt about six miles noni
Vienna, and known as the D.-ehor Brewery. Mr. A.
Dreher, now deceased, tho n under ot this extensive
establishment, bolore commoucing tbe erection 01
bis brewery, vi-ited the prominent breweries ot other
countiies and investigated their modes of brewing
und tbo construction una arrangements of the, r uten
sils. By at plying tho knowledge thus obtained, und
conducting bis business on the most scientido princi
ples, he commenced a business oareor wh'ch proved,
aud continued to be, tor a period of thirty years,
until Ins oeaih, ono of alinoH unparalleled success
iu this branch of manuiacture. He also erected two
other breweries In other provinces of the empiro
which proved equally successful. '
1 but at tschwechat covers an area of soven acres
of ground, upon which large and convenient build
ings tuo erected for brewing, malting, eto. ltie
mulling and kiln drying ot tbe barlay is similar to
that 111 vogue iu Munich , aim the same description
ol admirable stone floors In use. Over tbe steeping
cisterns, iron pipes, six inches in diameter, extend,
ninth are perforated with small holes, and into
which water is couveyed, after the first washings of
the grain have taken piuce, thus equally distributing
tno wuter over tho whole. Theie aro five mash
tut s unit three boiling vessels, or coppers, made of
iron, lined with copper, .and domed head'. The
coolers aro very extensive and mado of copper. No
urtllicial niodo 01 refrigeration is adopted.
Underneath the building are extensive vaults, to
tlie depth ol nearly tony loot, for tlie stonug ot the
beer. One-third of tbe space is appropriated lor the
storavo of ice. which keeps tlie temperature at about
80 (dog. Fahrcuht it 1 it seldom rises above 40 deg,
in the wannest summer. Tbo quantity produoed is
250,000 barrels annually, the brewing being discon
tinued during the summer months. In winter and
whilst in lull operation, 2000 barrels are brewed
dally.
1 be beer pi educed Is consumed chiefly In Vienna
and its vicinity, though an export demand is spring
ing up, chiefly to Egypt, to which country they are
now shipping 150 barrels weekly for tho supply ot
the English and German residents there. t,
We desire to call your attention to some Of tbe
causes ot thesuccoBS ot th Dreher breweries, and
10 recommend to you tbe adoption ot their system of
thorough organization of each branoh of their busi
ness. I hero is a chief brewer and his assistants, a
head crater in each department; and here, at in
England, chemists are employed to examine the
heats, and direct the malting ot the grain, to submit
to their tests tbe soundness oi the worts in their vari
ous couintious in tbe coppers coolers, aud ler
menliug rounds, and when completed, and bolore
leing stored in their storing cellars thus applying
the most soientiflo principle to the manufacture of
their beers, aud guarding against every possible risk
of disease or premature decay, lhe brewings are
conducted tn such a manner that assuranoo is giv-'n
that the iarve qliautitv OI hour stored to.-consumption
will prove pulatuble to tlie pubno and maintain
its reputation lor superiority. But one percent, of
the quantity lnanutaeiuied is returned to the brew
cry by the customers as unsal tble. l'ho ret nse
grains rtmaluiug unsold each day are Uunt'y pressed
in rlts sunk in the grout d, are sprinkled with salt,
ana thus preserved tor sale after tbe season lor
brewing lias closed.
The beer most birhly esteemed In Vienna Is pale,
brilliant, ot a light strength, and lightly hopped,
lhe tuperior Bohemian hop is preferred. But one
pound per barrel Is used in beer made lor home con
sumption, and two pounds lor that designed lor
expoitatinn.
In consequence of tbo blffh tsxation of beer in (he
A ustrian empire, and tn order to Insure a large con
sumption ot it, the brewers have been compelled, as
in Gieat Britain, to control the prices at which it is
sold by tbe glass or measure to the consumers. This
tbey have accomplished by the establishment ot beer
f aniens, and by owning or leasing many of the pub
lo houses in Vienna. Mr. Dreber has erected seve
ral lsrre and magmfioent buildings, and It was stated
that not k'8 than three-quarters of a million of dol
lars vers thus invested by him, furnishing to the
pnbho their Justly favorite beverage at such prices
as placed it within tbe ability of ail classes to
1 urchaje.
H1SCELLA5EOITS.
Omfifieticlrs of the Brewing JBvtinem.H may
not be out of place to call your attention to the
peculiar characteristics of the brewing business, and
tbe circumstances whioh determine the marketable
value 01 beer. To those practically acquainted with
the manuiacture of malt liquors, whether ale, porter,
or lager beer, we will be sustained in the opinion,
that, m scarcely any other branch of manuiactunng
are there so many obstaoics to tbe production
ot a marketable article as in that ol malt liquors.
Limited as tbe brewer is to the use
ot barley lor the manutacture of his mall, and to
bops, tor which (as a pleasant and aromatic bitter
and preserver ot bis peilshable commodity) there Is
no substitute, tbough wet harvests may have ren
dered tho lormer unsound and nnprouitious sea
eons impaired the strength and value of tho latter,
be is compelled to use them. To unsoundness In the
grain, and the blighi of the bop (wnich has so
alarmingly manifested itself, for the last tew years,
in the agricultural districts of this country and the
consequent difficulty ot obtaining a sufficient quan
tity 01 tbe best qualities to insure the keeping ot the
beer for any length 01 time) aro mainly attributable
the losso 01 the brewer which, in this country,
have been in some years so disastrous, causing
bankruptcy in muny instances. An emu, ent and
long txpci fenced and established brewing firm of
England, it was stated, bad not less than 20,000 bnr
rels ot leer returned to tbem by their customers In
ono year as unsalable. '1 be sudden atmospheric
changes of ttimes impair the quality ot tbe beer. Un
avoidab e exposure, in transporting it Irom the
brewery to a ol taut point of consumption, to severe
cold destroying its briskness and rendering it vapid
and unpalatable, or to the summer's sun, which may
cause acidity and the bursting of tbe cask, contri
bute to tbe disappointments and heavy lossjs to
which the business is liable.
A speculative demand lor beor Is never known.
It is not bought and sold in large quantities, and
never appears in the published lis'sof prices cur
rent. Nor can it bo advanced simultaneously with
tho increased coal ot the raw materials. An increase
in tbe price of the glass or measure, to the consumer
at once diminishes the sale, and it is plainly apparent
that the large consumption in those countries we
have visited is mainly attributable to the cheap
ness at which it is sold, it was remarked by
one of tho most celebrated and successiul brewers of
Great Britain, that some years the profits ot the
business did not exceed five per cent, on the capital
employed, and by ono, equally intelligent and ro
spectab e, in Bavaria, that for the last twenty-five
yeais, his caj ital had not yielded a profit larger
than 7 per cent, annually.
Ccniparutive Hale of Taxation in Europe and in
the United Blatei on Malt Liquor. In the rate of
taxation on malt liquors, imposed by the European
covin. ments, the policy of all is iho sumo,
viz: to encourage the increase ot consumption.
Tho rate of duty Is in nearly a 1 of the German
fctates very low. Even in Franco, wbere the in
crease of consumption 01 mait liquors is compara
tively 01 recent dato, and the ncoes-ities ot the Gov
ernment demand a large revenue, the tax is but two
thirds of that ot tbe tinted Mates. In England,
where the consumption bas lalleu or risen with the
increase or oecreaso of duty with the sensitiveness
ot a thermometer, they have found that ninety-lour
cents per barrel secures the greatest consumption
and tbe greatest revenue.
In Austria, one of the oldest and most powerful
monarchies ot Europe, with a larger amount; of debt
than any other of the German Mates, her financial
condition verging on bankruptcy, her revenue tho
past year falling short of her expenses by millions ot
dollars, with a prospect of a deficit this year still
gnaier, a tax ot $112 on a barrel of beer is deemed
sufficient, and certainly as much as that drink of
tbe people will bear, let Austria contains a donse
population 1 her territory, for the most part, is tho
roughly cultivated, her wealth Is all devoloped.
Fiery conceivable object ot trade, merchandise, or
pleasure is.taxed to its utmost. If any new source
ot taxation could arise theie, in the shape oi biddon
or undcvelopeo wealth, or otherwise, the discovery
wouid be bailed with tbe most cuthusiastto delight.
It would tend to replenish her depleted treasury,
and to bolster, lor a time, at least, her tottering
finances.
The United States of America, a comparatively
new country, embraces more than tbirty-tlvo powor
1 ul btuies, either of which might form a respectable
European kingdom Our common territory stretches
Irom tho ice regions of the extreme north to tho
very tropics, and crosses nearly evory degrco of lati
tude in the temperate zone. From the Atlantlo to
the l acific shores every variety of soil andclimato
is lound. A virgin soil, ot inconceivable fertility,
never broken by the plough, awaits the advent
ot tue siuidy husoaudmun, to yield lorth its richest
productions. A mineral wealth of untold millions
lies slumt ering in the bowels of the earth, and will
start lurih hereafter at ibe magic touch 01 the miner,
to amaze tbe world witn its tas.uess. Our immense
temtory, containing ail tne elements ot agricultural
ana mineral wealth, is capable ol sustaining a popu
lation of 500,000 000 of souls; aud yet sho numbers
110 more than tbo contracted empire ut Austria.
Iter cevciopmcnt will ne bo rapid iu the future ttiat
no mini can reason from tho productions of ono
01 cade what they will amount to in tbo next Her
pubuo debt, larce as It may sound to Americans,
unused to national indebtedness, is, in met, but the
merest bugato.le when compared with her con
Mam y increasing resource.-!, and it will be growing
t mallei' as these resources increase. Austria stands
sti.l or reirogadu, America advuuecs with rapid
strides to a grand destiny.
Under this state ol facts, it mun be manifest that
thotax on ma.t liquor, if tho manufacture and con
Mimption ot which keep pace with tnis amazing
gTOA lb. requires to le greatly less than 111 tho de
caying Empire of Austria. Our wants and neces
sities in tho shape ot tuxes are constantly duoruas
ine;heis are constantly increasing.
Importance oj lhe Jirtwing Interest to Agricultu
rist. -The browing interests are becoming ol great
importance to tho agriculturists of this country,
'lhe estimated annual production ol malt liquors iu
the United MuteB is 6,000,OJO of Darrels, in the, manu
acliiie ot which 12 000,000 bushels ot barley and
15,000,0(0 pounds ol hop aro required. To grow
this large quantity 01 material, at an averago
yield of 80 biishe s of bnrley, aud I00O pounds of
bops per acre, tnere must be employed in tbo culti
vation ot the former, say 400 000 acres and 111 th
latter 16,000 acres of land, 'or 415 COO acres lor both,
llert totoib these have proved to bo among the most
pioiitablo ol the crops 10 the larmer, aud owing to
tho limited portion of the year during wduoh the
maltster aud brewer can conduct ttioir operations to
udvanluuo, thev lind a ready - market, and genorally
boloro the navigation of our rivers and canals is
closeu by ice It the policy ot our Government, like
the policy ol the Governments ol Europe, be in the
encouragement and not the restraint ol the muuu
lacturo ol malt liquors, we predict that within a
1 triod ot ten years irom tbe pro-out time their con
sumption will increase twolold beyond their present
quantity, requiring a corresponding increuso iu the
prouuctiou 01 bur.cy aud hops,
Jk ntjicial Ejects of thu L'ae of Malt Liqtwrs on
Put'tic Morale. 1 truiit us. in conoiuslou, to reier
to ine ellects of the general use of matt liquors ou
the t'ubits and morals of the pooplo, a subject 01 no
loss interest to tho statesman than to the philan
thropic!. Tho use of stimulants appears to be general
amongst tho nations ol tho turtb, civilized aud bar
barous. Tne large consumption of distilled spirits,
wines, beer, tea, co'ee, aud to'iacco, shows this
desire to be so universal thai, it is scarcely inappro
priate to call it a natural appetite.
But there is a wide difference between the use of
tin so stimulants, as beverages, upon national
habits. W hiie tho free indulgence in the first is the
lruitlul cause ol oomestio misery, pauperism, dis
ease, aud cnuio, in otbors tne ctl. cts are so harm
less that i on, women, and children daily partake
ol ihem with impunity. The leanul consequences
of the excossive use of ardont spirits, tho most Hot id
declamation cannot too highly color. Its hideous
statistics have been collected Irom prisons, alms
bouses, and hospitals; from tho dwellings of tbo rich,
whore domestic misery was mocked by tho luxury
and splendor which surrounded it; lrm the dwell
ings of the poor, where, alas I it imposes stilt heavier
burdens upon the gaunt shoulders ot poverty.
Statesmen, philosophers, warriors, poots, have each
contributed their quota to the denial category.
Humanity bas went over it, but her ellorts
to arrest it have been but parcal and
transient. Legislation prohibiting the sale of
spirits and lei men ted liquors, aud vo.uuiary
pledges of total abstinence from their use,
have been tried iu vain. Your Commissioners think
iney can say with r.ouudence, yet with deep regret,
that the f lions of tjmpeianoe societies thus far have
tai ed to diminish, to any appreciable extent, tho
use ot spirits as a beverage. Iu aiming at too much
tbey have accomplished too litilu; aud this we con
ceive has arisen chiefly from the uuwise oourse ot
including ltrmenied diluns in tue plodgcs required
Nor bas tbe prohibitory legislation In smie of the
New England Btatea been more uoc.velui, It lias
uooeotied in pinning a screen at the door el the bar
room, but rot in arresting the trtf! c at ine bnr. To
make cold water the exclusive national bevemgo bas
been lonnd, and ever will be found, i.s wo believe,
impracticable j and, if practicable, would lot be nor
n inept lhe same craving for seme stimulnnt
whioh made man abandon theso nnmitive habit
when bis beverage was "water fiom tho spnnr,"
would Induce him to do It again as long as human
natnre remains unchanged. .
The remedy lor national Intemperance, wo are
rcrsnaded. is not In the abolition or disuse ol every
beverage but cold water, but in the substitution lor
a hurttul beverage one bioh is harmless.
We lee I that the manuiaolnrlu and vending ot
malt liqnor Is not Injurious to our fellow citizens,
but thai the more the manufacture and sn e of it Is
extended lhe more will tempemi.ee be romoted
and tbe revenue of the Government Increased. Malt
liquor has been pronounced bv bigh medical autho
rity "not euly an innocent, but a salubrious bever
age for those whose diet is not Vt-ry nutritive."
"Happy is that counuy," says an eminent Ei gllsh
physician, "whose latorlng classes prefer such a
tevei age to those mischievons potations ot ardent
spirits," Our own observation, ano Inlnrmatiou de
rived from others, both attest the iruth ot this r
mark. We have seen, as we have stated above,
thou acre of persons men, women, aud children
in the Gorman Mates, assembled, drinking their
national beverage and or.joying their national games
and sports with tho greatest hilarity, and have luiled
to see a drunken one among them. 1 be natives of
these State who emigrate to tins country bnng
with them their preiereiice lor the t evcrage and the
sports and amusements of their tatberiand. No
policemen are lequiied to protect tbcpubllo peace
irom any disturbance bv a "iSa-ngerlost" or "iur
norverem." W hen Hie services 01 the police aie re
quired at tbe.-e tcMivala, it is to guard their peacelul
reunion aud innocent cn;o mnt.s from the inso ent
aud riotous muusion ol ruffians inspired by quite
diflerent potations.
Ibe consequences of an habitual Indulgence
whicn leads so trequently to tho excessive use of
spirits is that, when the stimulus 's withdrawu, the
nervous system is depressed below its normal tone.
The result is that craving which we call the thirst
lor liquor. An art.licial stimulus, then, is neo sary
to restore their normal condition, and the quantit y
required lor ibis purpose coustaim increase-. But
no such t-ili cts follow from the use of malt liquors,
which have nutain ent in the malt a tonic iu the
hop, and contain tut a small pci o utage ol alcohol.
Tbey aro stimulants, it is true; but, like tea aud
coflee, "they cheer, but not inebriate." llenceit is
comparative y easy lor a man to abandon tho habit
ot using malt liquor to excess, pot haps easier
than to abandon the excessive use ot tea and
collee; while every man's observation will tell
him how rare aro the instances in w hich the deep
drinkers of ardent spirits have been able to liberate
themso.ves irom the thradom ot a demon to whom
they voluntarily became slaves,
Our country Iibb just passed through a gigantio
civil war. Four millions ot laborers hnvo passed
from a state ot Dondage and tutoluce to that of iroe
dom and sell-dependence; they have emerged from
a condition uulremilly to the cultivation of strength
of will, and habits of soli-control. 1 heir habits, and
consequently tbe wealth which their industry will
add to the country, will bo influenced in some de
gree by the beverago of which they will habitually
pattuke
W bat shall this be? Shall it be distilled spirits,
Whose habitual use induces that intemperance which
sta'csmen aud philanthropists alike dip lore f Or
shall it be a milo and harmless beverage, which the
taste and policy of tbe most civilized communities
approve, and whoso beneficial eflccts on national
habits, their national character tor temperance de
monstrates f lhe luture character ol tho whole
laboring population of the southern section ot our
country will be influenced by tho response ot the
Government to those questions. It is truo, the Gov
ernmer.t cannot, by direct leg elation, prescribo
what shall be tho beverage of tho people or ot any
part ot them; but they can discriminate In their
excise laws, as they have done in their tariff laws,
between subjects of taxation, for reasons ot public
policy. As tbey have given incidental protection to
manufacturers in tbelr duties 011 imports, they can
in the suue way, in their excise laws, encouraire
any othtr object which concerns the we Hare of tho
peep e, Scspeotfully submitted.
Fheperio Colt.ij.-s),
Mati itEvy 1. Head,
FltEPKIUOK Laubr.
COAL.
JAMES O'BRIEN,
DEALER IN
LEIIIUH AND SCUUTLK1LL
GOAL,
BY 2HE CAEGO OB SINGLE TON.
Yard, Broad Street, belcw Fitrwater.
Has constantly on hand a competent supply of the
above superior Coal, suitable lor family use, to
wbich he calls the attention of bis friends aud the
publio generally.
Order left at Ho. 205 S. Fit. n street, No. 82 8.
Seventeenth street, or through Despatch or Fost
Office, pronptly attended to
A 8CFEK10K UJ
IVALIIX OF BLACKSMITHS
COAL.
75
OJJEHT P. BENDER,
COAL DEALER,
S. W. C0RM".R LT.0A1I AND CALI.0WH1LL STREETS
rniLADEtrnu.
Kono but the best WEST LEHIOIT, all sizes, from the
(ireenwood Colliery, on band, and for sale for CASH
OSLT. tl 10 6m
Also. I.KCINE. TIEATEB, AND EritJfACK COAL
M A II It I A G K GUIDE,
BY DR. WILLIAM YOTJXO.
MAKEIAGE (iriDE, bv DR. VM. YnVSG.
MAUlilAliE WIDE, by DR. WM. vol' NO.
MAItltlAliE til'lDE. by DR. WM. YOfJiO.
XIAlUIlAUK GV1DK. by DR. WM. YOl'.MJ.
IMAKIilAOK Ul'IDh, by lilt WM. YOUNG.
MARRIAGE- (IV IDE, by DR. WM. YOlTMl.
MAIUMA1IK CUnOK, by DR. WM- YOVNO.
MARRIAGE (llll)K, ly DR. AVM. YOU NO.
M A KR1 AeiK OT1DE. bv Dl(. WM. YOU O.
MAItlilACK tiTJIDK. "lucre are more things nwlxt
Ileaien and earth, Horatio, than are dreamt 01 iu our
pnuoMipny."
Let no vonnir man enter the obllira'lons of married life
without renrlinir tvry page ot 1'R YOUM1 H MAR
RIAGE Ol IDEs or. J-veiv One Ills Own Doctor. It
cisclof es facts teat every one stinulit he acquainted wlui.
It contains one hundred engravings expiaintni' the ana
tomv ot tlie human synteiii, both 11m le mid tetnalo, vtltb
uk em: lutoruiaiicn that every onettuuid kuovt.
l'rico, HI cents. K old at
DK. WILLI AW YOrVO'H OFFICE.
17 C 1,0. 416 uriil'CE Mieet. above Fourth.
(JIIALLENGE LIGHT! "
Paragon Oil and Safety Lamps.
BRIGHT LIGHT-THREE HOli:S-OSE CENT
Ko chimney 1 No smoke I "o grout-e.
Sold by Inventors,
KELLY & NEEL,
Ho. Oil MARKET street.
AGF.ST8 WANTED. 1
Also, Denleis In roaps and Coal Oil. Machinery Oils,
w arranted not tn iruiu or chill, F2A per (jallou. 3 IS
1UDE8BURO MACHINE WORKS,
OFFICE,
KO. S K. t hOMT BTREET,
J'Hlt AOKl 1-llU
We are prepared to nil orders to any extant for our
weil tnowu
MAt lilJiERT FOR COTTOS AND WOOLLEN MILLS,
ncluuing all recent Improvement n earning, Spinning,
snd Weaving.
We invite the attention of manufacturers to our exten
sive wort,. ALFBED JF.VK8 80S.
RAILROAD LINES.
OKA Mi U AND ALUXANDKIA HAILROAD.
On and aiter MONDAY, February 11 two dally
trains will run between Washington and L nchburif,
connecting at OordousvPle with Viroluia I't ntral Rail
road trains to and from Richmond, an toilowst
MAIL TRAIN
I.inve Washington dally (bumlav excepted), at 645
A. M , anu anlve at Lynchbu rg at d-lS I'. M.
Leave I.yiuliiiurg at 7 A. M. and arrive at Washing
ton ut ft 28 1'- M l
EXntESS TRAIN.
Lenve Washington dully (IneluOluii Sunday) at 6 0S T.
M. and arrive at l.ynchhuig at 6 W1 A M
Leave Lynchourg at 6 3U l. M. and arrive at Washing
ton at 6 10 A. M.
lioth trains making close connections at Lynchburg
for all points South and Southwest, and at Washington
lor Norib aud Northwest.
Elrat-class sleeping cars Will be attached to tbe night
''lb road Is attractive, not only for Its comfortable
accommodations, but lor the fact that it piuwea the now
bhtortc localities of Fairfax, Hull Run, Manassas, bns
toe, I'atlett's, Rappahannock, Oulpeuer. Ornuge, and
Oonloiisvllln, places ol imperishable Interest iu the
popular mind. .
Through tickets to all points Houth and Southwest
may be Tiad In boston, New York., l'hllaitelplils, and
Baltimore, and at the Ofllces ol the road 111 Wa-iluiiKton
Alenuuxuv W. U. aioOAFFKUl
tfeuuralbupe luluudeut.
RAILROAD LINES.
1;lIiLAPFt,rn,A. WILMINGTON, AND
BALTIMORE HATI.BOAD.
..J"MI TLI.E
Cemretilcfn MONDAY, Marcii 2. 1ST, Trains wttl
IlVt-1"'01 c,'rIer o HlOAD tibeat and WAfili
1M.TO avenue esloUowa;
ixnrws lia r t 4 -in V. (fonrtnyii rxerrttedV for
lalihnora ard Y Mitriion, stopping at 'heeler, WU.
n, ruten. I'erryvllie. Havre de-oraoe, Aberdeen, Terry
n sn s stnfpo i. ( hi.f's and M miner's Run.
Del.vieie Rnllrosd Train at ft 18 A. M (Sundays ft
ceptedi tor I'MicTsa Anne, Mllioid, and Intermedial
sis'has. i
Way Wall Train at 1 15 A . M. (Snriflavs excepted), for
Bnl imore, stopeltig at themer. Tnar Ow, l lnwoodl.
lai niont. arid all tegular stations between WlliulimtoB
and Haltlmore "
J-xjirefs Train at II 4S A, M. (Sundays excepted! tor
PaKlinorean.lWa-hlnirtrn.
Express Train at V 4ft I', M. fnndays excepted), fnr
Esltlniere snd Washington, stopping at f'hester, ( lay
mont. Wilmington, r-ewark. F IK ton, .Northeast, Terry,
vile Kiavre-de-Uiac. Aberdeen, l'errj niau'e. Magno
lia. ( hase's and Mi miner's Run.
Kiftl t Express at 11 CO I'. M. for Baltimore and W Mb- -In
t ion
ra'ersers by Unit from Baltimore lor Fortiets Man
rre. horioik, City Point, and Richmond, will take tb
II 4ft A. M nam.
WM WIMiTOW ACfOWB'ODATlON TRAIN.
fOopplrg at all stations between I'hl adtlplua and wt
minaton :-
. Leave I hlladotphta at 15. IMS A. M.. I 3n ft IS and
II-MIP. M. The 3'3'i P. M Truln connects with Dela
ware Railroad lor Harrington aud Interrae Jiat a
satlons
Leave Wilmington 7 CO, 8 IS, and D M A. M.,l 00 snd
ft Oe P. M
Trains tor New Castlo leave Philadelphia at 6 IS A.
M.,a W ardft-DOr. M.
Tl' BOl'tlll I RAINS TROM BALTIMORE
Leave Wilmington at 12 M . 4 30 an. I 10 1'. M.
, CHEN I I- R FOR rillLADELl'III .
.,V?T,n'?,.r,t"',,-B"48' and 10 14 A. M..llin,I4J,
S til t 41 .and Hl-Sft P. M.
. KIIOM BAL11MORE TO PHILADELPHIA.
leave Bab imore (130 . M. Way Mailt 91 A. U.
fx pre?! 1 10 P. M., Express 1 6 3i 1. M Express t 83
I Express
TRAINS FOR BALTIMORE
Leave Chrnter at 4 4! ar-dn.VJ A. M.,ird l-JSP. Jt.
Leave Wilmington at and 10 S I A. M., and! P. M.
M'MIAY 1RA1N8
Express Train at 4 1ft A. M. tor Baltimore and Wash
Ing on. stopping at Cheater, Wilmington, l'eirvvllla.
llavre-i'e-Grace, Aberdeen, l'erryuian's. Magnolia,
t base's and Kierrmer's Run.
Mr. hi Express 11-00 P. M. fbr Baltimore and Wash
ington. Accommodation Train at 1130 P. M. for Wilmington
and In tennedlaie stations.
BALIIMORh FOR miLADKLrHIA.
Leave la tlmore at B il V M . 'stopping at Uavre-de-Ornce.
1'errvvilie and Wilmington Also stops at Y Ik
ton and Newark (to tne presenters lor Pnllsde'pnla,
and leave tasengrs trnmt Washington or ha tiniora)
ami Chester to lcavo passengers trom Baltimore or
Washington.
A special train will leave W'Hmlng'on for Philadel
phia and in 'ermediate Sistlons atb litl P. M.
Frelvht Trains, with 1'anBenger Car attached, wilt
leave Wllm ntcn lor Fcmvll e and Intermediate su
tlers at ti 3 P. M. Leave Baltimore for Havre do-Graoa
and Intermediate Stations at 4 4ft Y M.
D12 H. F. KENNEY. Superintendent
J PENNSYLVANIA CENTRAL RAILROAD.-
M RINO AURaNUEMENT.
The Trains 01 tbe Pennsylvania Central Railroad
Rave tbe Depot, at lhiry-flrst and Market street,
wbich Is reached bv tbe cars 01 the Market Ktreet Pas
senger Railway, running 10 and irom the Depot. The
lart car leaves Fiont street about 30 minutes prior
to tbe departure of each Ttaln.
On Sundays Cars leave Eleventh and Market
streets 4 minutes belt re tbe depaiture of the Evenloc
Irnlna.
Mann's Baggage Express will ca'l for and deliver
Baggage at the Depot. Orders lefi at the Olllce iio.
tol t besnut street, whl receive attention '
TKAlNn LKAVI Dfcl'OT. VIZ. !
Mall Tra n ....at A. M
Paoll Accommodation, .No. I nt In Oo
East Line at It 00 M
Fnrkcxhurg nt 1 (K P. Jt
Hairlsliurg Accommodation at 2 30 "
Lancaster Accommodation at 4 CO "
Paoll Traln.No. if at ft-30
trie Mab at 0 00
Philadelphia 1-xpiesst at Il ia "
TRAINS AH1I1VK AT DEfoT, VIZ. I
Cincinnati Expressi at MO A.M.
Philadelphia Fxprehst at T10
Paoll Accommodation, No. 1 at 8 20 "
l'arkesburg at 9-00
Lancaster Train at 12 30 P. it
East Line at 110 "
Paoil Accommodation, No. 2 at 4 4n "
Day Express at ft-SO "
Uarrlshnrg Accommodation at fl-10 "
'Dally, except t-aturdny. f Daily, i Dally, exeept
Monday.
All other Trains d ally, except Sunday.
'i he Pentsy Ivanla Railroad Company will not assnm
any risk for Bagtage, except for W earing Apparel, and
limit their responsibility to One Hun red Dollars In
value. Ail Baggage exceeding that amount in value
will be at the risk of tbe owners, unioss taken by special
contract.
TICKET OFFICES
nave been opened at No. 6S1 Clienut street. Continen
tal Botel, and Glrard House, where Tickets mav be pro
cur. d to all important points in Pennsylvania, as well aa
the West. Northwest and Southwest: ami 1 oil particu
lar given as to time and connections by JOHN C.
ALLEN. Ticket Agent.
Ibe Ticket Olllce at West Philadelphia will be conti
nued as lieretotore, where all Intoimation riwecttna;
routes, as weil as Tickets, can be had on application to
THOMAS 11 PARKE.
, , . , Ticket Agent at the Depot
An Emigrant Train runs dallv (except Sunday). For
full particulars as to tare and accommodations apply to
FHNOJ8 FL'NK,
13 No. 137 DOCK Street
XIORTH PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD.
Depot, THIRD Street above Thompson.
For BETHLEHEM DOYLEHTOWN, MATJCH
CHI NK, EAHlOAi. WiLLlAMSPORT, and WlLKEti
JBA Kitr. .
At 7 30 A. M. (Express), for Bethlehem. Allentown.
Maucb chunk, Uuletou, WtUlamsport, and Wllkes
barre. At 3S0 P.M. (Express), for Bethlehem, Easton, ete
reaching Easton at '4S P. M. '
J?, 3 101 Bethlehem, Allentown, Maioti
Chunk. Danville, and WUllanisport.
For Dovlcstown at 8 S6 A. M., 2 30 and 4'1S P. V.
F01 Fort Washington at 10 A. M. and 11 P. M.
For Lansdale at 6-1S P. M .
W bite cars ot the Second and Third Streets Line City
Fassinger csrs run direct to thedepot.
TRA1M4 OR PHILADELPHIA,
Leave Bethlehem at 6 25 A. M. and 10 01 A. M., and
6 1ft P- M,
Leave Doy estown at 6 SO A. ., J-J5 and 5 30 P. M.
Leave Lam-dale at b-10 A. M
Leave Fort Washington at 10'fto A M., andl'M P. M.
0 MJNDAYS.
Philadelphia lor Beth enem at n A. M.
Philadelphia for lloy lestown at 3 P. M.
Doylcstowu tor 1 hi adelnhla at 7 20 A. V.
Bethlehem for Philadelphia at 4 P. M.
1 hreugh Tickets must he pterin ed at the ticket office.
THIRD Htreet. or BERK 8 Mreet.
. r-LI.IH CLARK. Agent
"V.RLlCUi'1 LlNEh FOR MKW YORK AND
J- ad the Stations on the CA MDN and AM BOY and
connecting Railroads. Increased despatch.
1 HE CAM! EN AM AMBOY RAILROAD AND
TRAMSJ-OR1ATION COMPANY FREIGHT LI Vi
for New Tork will leave WALMUT Street Wharf at
o'cioek P. M., Cany (Sundays excepted).
FreiglR must be delivered beiore 4X P. M., to be for
viarded the san e day. Returning, tbe above linos will
leave ew York at 12 noon, and i and 8 P.M.
Frelvht for'lrentou. I'rinceion, Klngnton NewBrunsv
wick, and ail points on the Camden and Amboy RbU
roadialso. on the Belvidere, Delaware, and Fleming
ton ; the New Jersey . the Freehold and Jamesbuiv, aa
the Burlington and Mount Holly Rahroads, recoived and
forwarded up to 1 P. M.
Tbe Lelviueio De aware Railroad connects at Phil -llpsburg
with the Lehigh Va ley Railroad, and at Manun
kacbunk voth all poluts 011 tie Delaware. Lackawanna,
and Western Railroad, forwarding to Syracuse. DufTulo
aud other points In Western New York.
Ibe New Jene.v Rabroad connects at Elizabeth wlta
the Kew Jertey Central Railroad, aud at Newark wills
the Morris andEshex Railroad
A slip memorandum, specuj-lng the marks and nuta
berr. shippers aud consignees, must, in evory instance
be sent with eaclt load of goods or no receipt will bm
five 11. mciTiKu laciiiries nave oeen made for tne
ranspo'tatlon 01 Live Stock. Drovors are Invited to
try lhe rente W hen stock in furnished In quantities of
two ear-loads or more, It villi be delivered at tbe loot
ot Fortieth street near the Drove Yard, or at Pier No.
1 N orlli river, as the ahlpi,eis limy designate at the tlma
ol shipment For terms, or oilier Information, annlv to
WAJ.T1H. FREE AN. F.elght Agent,
11 1 No. 226 b. DELAWARE. Avenue Philadelphia.
PHILADELPHIA, OERMANtOWN, AND
KORR1SIOWN RAILROAD.
On and alter WEDNESDAY, November 1st, 1865, until
runher Notice.
FOR Ol- RM A M OWN
Leave Philadelphia 6, 7. 8, 0, 10. 11, 12 A. M , 1, 2, M0.
!H,4,ft bh, 6.7,8 , 10, 11, 12 P M.
Leave t.( ruianlown 6,7, 1H. 8, 8 20, 0,10, 11, 12 A. H,
1,2 8, 4.4H.6 OX. 7, 8, 0. 10, 11 P. M.
The 8 'in down tralu, and HH and ft up trains will not
stop on the GermautowD Branch.
V ON SUNDAYS. ia w
Leave Philadelphia 910 A. M., 2, 7. 10H P. M.
Leave GeimantownS A. M., 1 6 OH P M.
CIIESNL'T HILL RAILROAD.
Leave Philadelphia 6, 8, 10, li A, M., 2, ,J t,7,t.
"'Leave' Choanal Hill 710 minutes, 8, 9 4fl, 11-40 A. M-,
40, 3 40, ft 40. 640, 8;40, and 1M0 minutes P. M.
ON oU.-1'AIM.
Leave Philadelphia Olo minutes A. M., I and TP. If.
Leave ( bexnut Hill 7'40 minute A. M 12 40, ( 40) aud
FcrToNBUOHOCKEN AND NORRISTOWN
Leave Philadelphia ti, 8 3ft minutes,. U -04 A.M., IK, t.
4K. 614, 6M.80 minutes, and IDt P. M.
. Leave NorrU-town SH.7, 7 50, 8, 11 A. M..1X.4X, t, aa
8 n he'ftH P- M- fsln wi" "top at School Lane Wla
hlckon, Manayunk, SpriiiMllh, aodCoiuhohovaOQ ouijr.
lave Philadelphia 0 A, M 2X. and f P. K.
Leave Norristown 7 A. M., and ft P. M.
FOR MANAYCNK.
, Leave Philadelphia 6. H'ifft niluutes, HDS A. M., 1 H,
th. oK,t)!t. Mm, and I1H P. M.
Leave Munayuuk ok, 1,b 20, OX, Ut, A. II.. 2,t,
hf.U.
ON BrNDAYB.
Leavs Philadelphia 11 A. M., 2H, and T P.
Leave Manavunk 74 A. M , fK. and 8 V. M.
, VV.'ti. WILfON. General Suiietlntentlesta.
Depot 1TU and (MILM
f
1 : .
)
4

xml | txt