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HIE ' EMMTO MJT- VOL. V.-No. 9G. PHILADELPHIA, QAJT UED APRIL 21, 18GG. DOUBLE SHEET THREE CENTS. n ill n 9 THE CHOLERA Deprived of Its Horrors by Purifying and Enriching the Blood. .1 JfOW IS fUE TIME TO USE A PREVENTIVE. There Is None Equal to Helmbold's Highly Concentrated Fluid . Extract Sarsaparilla. ' ' TOE CIIOLERA. Is defective vltalliadon oi the bloud, and when the blood loses il. . , upj; GIVING POWER, I t e aoses relaxation ' of the contractile bower Ol th 6ord vfttiftt ot the body, and the intestines open their myriad blood ttuelt, and ait th albuminous ot flesh roak inn material passes of) Irom the bowels. PUKF AM) HEALTHY BLUUJUltr.lSIS DIUJSABJS, And while tliereniay he no occasion for alarm, those tt impure blood aie moat liable to euller. nun huh Him nun hint nun mm H ii it niin HUH minHiinniimt mm mm BHIt HHU mm huh HHU HUH HUH hllH IN THE BrEISO M0KTH9 the system natnrally nVuots a clianue, ami HKLMBOLUS HIGHLY EoNtlMHATtO IX1KACT OH' fAKSAFAKILLA la an aH-lstanl )'f the srcatest va'uo. 'lMl KLOOM TO 1 HE PALLID CHEEK AVT BEAUTIFYING THE COMPLEXIOH EKEEEEEEEEE EEEEJkEEl IKK KKK ... EfcBF.EE EbbaVbU EhU , , EKE , , " EEK Kr EEEEEEEEE i EEEEEEEEKEB IT EFADICATES ERUPTIVE and ULCERATIVE DlbEAbr-b ot thelHRuAl, OSE, KYE8, EYELIDS, 6 A1-I and BK1K, which so disfigure the appearance, PUKGIM1 tbe evil ellects of mercury and removing all taints th remnantaol DI-EAnEi herealtary or other wise, ana is taken oy ADULTS and ClllLDKKii with perfect BAiEiX. ' ' fix LLL LLL 1 LLL LLL LLL LLL LLL , , LLL LLLI LLLI.LtLL LLLLLLLLLLLL Hot aim of thewortt disorders thataffeot mankind arise ircm thecarraption that accumulates In the blood. Ol all the discoveries that have been made to pnrge it out, none can eo.ual in ellect Helmbold'a Compound Ex tiact ot BarSiparllia It cleunsos aud renovates tbe biood. instils thevlporof health into the system, and purges out the bumors which make disease. It stimu late! ibe healthy iunctlons of the body, and expels tbe disorders that grow and rankle In the blood. MMMM 1IMM M MMMM Mia MM AIM .4 M M MM Vt MMM MHN M MM MMM 51.MM MMM MMM MMM Halt M M If : ; M to M W M M M M M M M MUM MMM MMM MMM MMM MMM' MMM MMM mum: M V Scrofulous, mercurial, and svphllttlc diseases destroy whatever pan thev may attack, 'thousands die an Buallv irom protracted diseases oi th s class, and from the abuse of mercury. Visit any hospital, asyium and prisons, and satisfy yourself ot ue truthrulness of this asser'ion. The vstm best jeslsts the inroausof these diseases by at judicious combination ot Tonics. Helmbold's tiglily ouccnirated Fiuia Extract Sar saparilla Is a Tonic of tbe reatest value arresting the most inveterate aisease alter the glands are destroyed, nd the bones already aflecind. ibis is the testimony oi thousands who ln-ve used and prescribed it for the last IV years. , j BBBBBUB BbHllBBliilB BBB BUB BBB BBB BBlt BBB ' BBBBBBBB BMBBBBBB BBB BBB . BBB BBB BBB BBB B bbBBBBBB ' ' BBBBbBB i ' AN INTERESTING LETTER is published m the Vedico-ChlrurKlcal Review, on the subject of the ex tract of fearaaparula in veueieal afiecttoua, by Benjamin 1 ravers, IV K. N-.ete. Breaking oi Hyphllls, and diseases arising .rum the excess of ineruuiv, he states, "Thai no ntnruy it equal to the txiraet vf Sariaparxlta; itt potter it extraordinary. m re to than any other drug lam ac-' qua nit aw th. Mil n the itncitit $enit a tunic. With thu itwaluabl ailrtbut',that it is a plicuble to a ttate of tin iviIim to tunien and pet to irritable at ren drt oiher tubttancet vf the tonic dan unavailable or injuruui." OOOO OOOOOO Ooo Ot)0 OOO ' OOO OOO , O 'O OOO OOO 000 Oi)0 OOO OOO OOO OOi . , 000 000 1 1 OOOOOO oooo " TWO TABLF.8P0ONHFUL ot the F.xtract Of Sarsa parilla, added to a pint or water, is equal to the Lisbon Diet Drink, and one bottle iseouai mi gallon of tbe Bvrup ol l-arsapkriila, or the decoction as usually made. Tbe decoction Is exceeding tronb:esme, as It is neons sarv to prepare It Irt-fh every any, and the srup Is still more obitclicnable, as ips weaker than the decoction; lor a rtuid sat orated with suiiar is susceptible of holding In solution much less extractive mauer than water auont.and .hesyiup iso'htrwlse ohjectionable for the patient is freqtienily nauseated, nnd his stomach sur leited, bv the large proportion oi sugsr be hi obliged to take with ea h dose ot araparil a. and which Is ol no use whatever, except to keep the decoction from spoil ing. U ere the advantages and superiority of the Fluid iji tract in a comparative view are strikingly manifest '.i . LLL " i LLL , LLL . O ! LLL ( . : , ;, . LLL . , . ! , LLL , LLL ' ' ' ; .. I LLL '!. ,11.. J'." . i li.l ..; , . LLLLLLLLLLL , LLLLLLLI-LLL 1 ne mbold's EXTRACT Bt'cHTJ Cures teidney Disease. HeiuboldstX I hACr BD011U Cares Rheumatism Ilelnitiold'S i XI K At T 1 I; t'll U t ures Urinary Diseases. Helmbold's EX I KACT BL'Obll Cures tiravel. He mi old's EXTRACT BUCIIU Cures Strlotun ni,.,lw.id'sXlKACT lllt HH Cure liroDsv. For the diseases named atiove aud for Weaknesses ' and fains in tbe Back. Female Coiuplaiuts and JDls oriiers arlslug irom excesses of any kind, It la lu valuable. PTiDPDDnl) DDHJDJjKDDI) -DUlt DUD Pl!l DDD LDD DDT ' I)I)I HDD J)I)D DDD DDD D'D , DUD , ' DDD DDD DDD DDDDDDDDD DDDDDDDD , .'i i I i, THESE EXTRACTS HAVE BEEN ADMITTED TO ffTHK I Si 111 B. IM1I.JJ DlAlca u ins. nuu aro Kisu Y. ..'L o.n.r.l nse in all the Htate HOSVlTALS and 1-UBLlC HAMIARY IN8IITUHON8 throughout the smd. as well as In private practice, and arts euusidered utvaiitauie nnnOOISTS. vrlnelnal Depot HKLMBOLD'd DRTJQ AND CHKMltAL WA KKHOOHK. vnJir AND NO. 1M BTTEHTH BTHKET. PHILADELPHIA. unA Kr Tniorrlsrtll Vmthire. JiSWAW Oi" CUCli-lifEllS, til MEXICO. Commencement of the Evacuation of Mexico by the French-More Resolutions of Inquiry-Maximilian's Military Establlsh-ment-What Government . Can be Supported Wlth ' out Some Bayonets? Late News from Mexl m co Is the Empire to be Permanent? Or Will the Republic Does the Sta bility of the Empire De pend On? Wapbivotoh, April 20 The State Department leoeivi d, by the utt steamer irom Europe, some im portant despatches irom our Minutor at Fans, in regard to the picsent attitude ol the French Uovcrn mentin relation to the Mexican question, these dopatcLeo cotiiirm all that 1 have stated in former let ers in repaid to the perfect understanding whico subsists between our Government and that of 1 ranee on this subject, particularly as retrards the terms on wu eti tne French troops are to leave Mexico. It will be remembered that, some months alio, when the subject of this tvaouation was first mentioned, I statuu that it would be done as soon as the Emperor Napoleon would receive Irom our bovernment the assuiance that our po icy of neu trality towards Mexico would be continued alier the evacuation, and that the radical newspapers there upon itated, in substance, that our uovernmont would nnver Rive such a f uaraniee to Napoleon. Now, however. Mr, be ward's orpan admits that 1 was correctly iulormed at first, lor it says: Napoleon, therelore, has nndoublediy received evert assurance he could desire from our Govern ment upon Uis point, and be will be under the necessity, therefore, in accordance with his own en gagements, to withdraw his troops at ouoe irom Mexico, It wi nld be nearer the truth to add that this with drawal will be made in puisuance of tue iutontion exprvsseu by the Emperor Napoleon in his speeoh to the trench Chamber last January, and that that intention was ba-tu upon assurances of neutrality which, as 1 baa betore stated, ho had received irom Mr. be ward. in point of faot, the evacuation has already com menced. Ibe airantrument was made by Baron Builiaro, in pursuance of the instructions of Napo leon last winter. Xhe movement will be made slowly, tut continuously and, if neutrality on our partis observed, ihe evacuation will be complete beiore the summer ot next year. REB0LUTIOH ABOUT THE AU8TRIAH TROOPS. It might be supposed that this would be satis fac tory, snd that Mexioo might then be loft alone to work out her own destiny. But it seems not. A certain) radical member of Congress has written th e lo:low.ng resolution, which he .mends to odor at an early day. Rttolred, That the President be requested to commu nicate to the House any lmorinatlon In his possession as regards the teims or conditions on wnlcu tli.i Emperor of France proposes to withdraw the Ftench troops from Mexico t who. her or not their places are to be supplied by Austrian or o her European troops; and 11 so, whether tbl has been done with the sanction of tbe Government. Ti e resolution will pass the House by the usual radical majority, of course, but nothing will come of it . 1 The President will refuse to communicate tbe in formation called tor, as he did in the case ot the resolution which passed the ttouse in March, calling upon the President to communicate, if in his ouinion notinoonsistent with the pnblio interests, any cor respondence or other information in possession of the Government in regard to tbe term of office of President Benito Juarez, of tbe Kepub.io of Mexioo; as to tne penoa wnen, unaor tne constitution, a popular election in that country ought to have taken place; whether or not such an e ectlon had been pre vented by toreign invasion or other causes, and if so, what causes; and as to auy vote of confidence and extraoidinary powers given to President Juarez by tne tjori gross oi mo Mexican nepuDiio. On tbe 7th ult President. Johnson sent a message to tbe House of Representatives, consisting ot the reply of the Secretary of State, in which tbe douse is informed that it is not expediont to furnish the information called for by the resolution. And so it villi De in mis case. - MAXIMILIAN'S MILITARY ESTBLISHMENT. It is true that the places of tbe French trooDS who are to leave Mexioo are to be supplied, to tome ex tent, by Austrian and Belgian troops. But our Gov ernment has not sanctioned that substitution, nor does it receive even the approval of any person con-.' nected with tbe Government. But it is a lact. aud we cannot prevent it without foing to war. not only with Austria and Belgium, but with France and Mexioo also. The substitution is to be made in pursuance of treaties, to whioh I have telore aliuded, between those four nations. The object ot these troaaes. was to sruarantee the perpetuity of the present Government of Mexico. When the crown was tendered to Maximilian bv the deputation ot Mexican notables wuo came to Mira mon lor that purpose, he reluned to accept until the basis ol these treaties bad been a k reed upon, and the treaties themselves were subsequently made in pur suance ot this agreement. At present the military forces in Mexico consist of only about 20,000 Frenoh troops, and the same number of AustrianB and Belgians, As the K ronen troops leave, in detachments, their places will be supplied by troops from AuBtria and Belgium, who will be brought over to Vera Gruz in Freucn vessels. Maximilian's army, therelore. wiil continue to be about 40 0C0 strong, and It wilt be ofiloered princi pally by tbe French oflioers now here. They will be allowed to take service under Maximilian tor that purpose, snd special inducements are to be held out to thorn, by him, to induce thorn to remain. BAYONETS NECESSARY TO SUPPORT AMY GOVERN MBNT(?) ' ' This aimy of foreirn troops, however, Is not to be a permanent feature ot the Mexican Empire. They are to be retained only tor a few ears, probably six years, partly to guard tbe roadB, to render travel safe, and to rid the country of robber bands and guerillas, and party, also, to te ready to defend the country in case of a foreign war. 1 he objection to this on our part is, that it makes the Government of Mexico one supported by bayonets, t o us who live under a Government of lieerty and law, and who have jno standing army I a time of peaon, this is, of course, objectionable. But it must be remembered that every Government that has existed in Mexioo during the last forty years has been supported by bayonets, and could not have lived a day without such support. The Government of Juarez himself was supported bybatoneta. And when, In 18bl, the Mexican oeo ple, weary Of tne incessant anarchy which had pre vailed there for thirty years, under the name of a republic beonerht the aid of Napo'eon in order to rtabhsU a diiforent iorm ot government, whioh should put an end to this anarouy and give to Mexico a government oi permanence and ability; when this Govornmeut is esta'ilishod, if it is sup ported by bayonets in the first years of its exist ence, it is no more than bas been tbe case with every rerub lean government, so-called, which bas preoeaod it. Nay, let it be asked, what would be the condition of Mexico if Maximilian should abdicate, and if every Frenoh and Austrian soldier should leave Mexico? Civil war between tne pattiBflus ol Ortega and Juarez would at ouoe break out, and would rage over the whole laud with un exampled fury. All that Napoleon and Maximilian have done tor Mexico would be obliterated. 'The band on the dal would so back ten degroes. An archy and contusion i would arain prevail. Chaos would come again. Whether the party ot CMera or that of Juarez prevailed, hit 'Governmont" would be supported by bayonets. But does it need that ex periment to demonstrate that Mexico cannot live as a republic I uas not lir history already abundantly demonstrated that fact? .. . j rT i ifua vnnir uninri. The prinoipal news relates to tbe increasing pros- puiuy oi u country under the present uovernment, to tbe progress which is being made in the construc tion of the ditteient mini of railroads, and to the plans whioh are belug carried out to prevent tbe annual aooas or inundations, caused by (he high water in tbe Mexican lakes The work on all the lines of railroad Is progressing rapidly, and the work is being done in the very best msnner.l In a tew months more the Journey from Vera Cms to the Capital nan h made in a lew Hours, issieaa w requiring, as at present, lour days, Fiftv miles of this road are already in operation In deitton to this sreat road, the one from Vera Crnz to I uebia. by way of Jalapa, is being built partly bv .American oapiiai, a ranroau is aiso projocioti ir.im Mi titeroy to Kan Fernando, the latter aeaportoa tbe Gulf of Mexico, a lew milos south of the Rio Uianfle, which will no doubt bo built. Canals and drains were being- cut. under the di rection ot American engineers, tr which to let off the superfluous water of lio lakes which surround the Mtxlcan capital, there is ho doubt ot tiio en tire success of tnta plan. The water in the lao hieh bad been rising beiore these cmli er P( ned, was now fallin" every dav and Mexico will I robat ly escape this timo the annual inundation. CONDITION or TUB M I XIOAK FINANCES. The finances of Mexico continue to be on the most SfltiKinctory footing. The experience ol the last tow months has al nnrtantly demonstrate. I that tho reve nues oi the Government win amply snthoe tor tne necessary expenses of tbe same. The treasury has always plenty of fund on band, to meet whatevor requisitions ate mnde upon it, and the payments are mace in gold and siivercci i. Ihe Imperial Mint at Mexico bas been in lull operation during the last sixteen months, and the coinage during that time bas amounted to 820,CCO(XX), nearly all in dol lars and hall dollars. Each coin boars the head of the Emperor, with a suiiabio inscription, and the cute. IS TBI MEXICAN EMPIRE TO BE PERMANENT f Ihe question oi course i.reseuis itseli to every In telligent American, liow i t about tbe stability of the present Government of Mexico? is it to bo per manent, and continue or is it to fail and tbe re public be re-et taolistied on its luinaf It it is to bo peimuncnt, let us know it au i let it Do known upon wl.ut tbe stability ot the empire is lounded. 1) it Is 0' Mined to tall, what power is it that is to bring about the destruction ot the empire f Is it the I Plied Matetf is tnore any tasou to suppose that tho rci uoi'c will ever be re-established in Mexico? Jl so, wl.at are tnof-e reasons? If not, it the em no is to continue to be the tiovemnient of Mexioo, ow mam yours is it to Le be.oro wo recuirnizo thai lc ? It the Mexican empire continues in existence five years more, ton years more, with ovory prospect ot perpetual existence, will wo reoogn.se it then? In tbe meantimo is it wise to deprive our citizens of tho benefits ot the neb trade with Mexico by refusing to ucognize it towr .. WHAT THREE YEARS HAVE DEMONSTRATED, Look the facts boldly in the face. VThat are thov? It is nowtbreo years since Maximilian was pro claimed Emperor by tbe Assembly Notables con vened at tne cuv oi Mexico, in pursuanoa ot Mexi can law and in accordance with M-xican Usages lbree years is a long time tor any Gavernmunt in Mexico to be sustained. Ibis Government, bow ever, has not only been sustained, but it is at piesont so stiong as to be self-'usta ning It has, to all ap pearance, become bo flinily established that in all nun-an probability it will lo perpetual. At ail events, no existing citcunn-tances seem to justify the be lof that it will be supp autid by auy otbur form of government. the Juansts in Mexico have, during those three years, kept up a predatory warfare airainst tho Government. But what, at the end ot three years, bas been the result? Where is the Juarist tiartv in Mexico now ? Have they inoreaced during the three years? What proportion oi the 8,000,000 of Mexican j eople have rushed to tbe standard oi Juarez? Has 100,000 men Joined him? No. Has 10,000 men? No. bas one thousand? No. His forces nave dwindled down, lioni nearly V0.000 men, three years aco to scarcely three hundreu mon now. Does not this laot mean something? Does it not mean that tne 8,100,000 ot people composing tne Mexican nation are not in lavor ol Juarez, and that itiev are in lavor of the empire? WILL THE REPUBLIC EVER BE RE-ESTABLISHED? II the empire is destined to fall. then, what is to make it fai ? Not the Juatists, for we see the results ol tholr three ears' struggle against it. Not auy ot the European nations, ior they are all the allies ol Maximilian, end have sent envovs to reside at his capital. Maximilian's Government will not fail. then, unless our Government makes war upon him, and succeeds in that war. i have beiore alluded to some oi tbe conooniitauts ot such a war, with the United Sta es on one side and on the other side, first, Mexico;- second, France; third, Austria; fourth, Belgium; and pronabiy, fifth, England. Success in such a war would beat least problema tical, and it is not probable that we would engage in it. "Will the Mexican Rcuublie ever be restored? How and by whom is it to be done? .Sot bv the Juansts, lor we see tbe results ot their attempt, continued for lime ears. Doubtless many porsons nave oeiuueo tncmseives witn the idea that our Government would assist the Juansts. . but that idea is now dispelled. We cpuld not do it without involving ourselves in war with several ot the most powerful European nations. Besides, our policy towards Mexico is tnat ot neutrality. Ibis principle bas been reiterated over and over again by Mr. Howard, in bis despatches to all our Minis ters broad during tne last three years. That policy win ne ntainiainoa. ine aiuarisis iu never get any help Irom our Government, and, therelore, we will not restore tbe Mexican republic. Oiuxl erat de- monstrutum. The Mexiusn Kepublio will never be restored. UPON WHAT DOES THE STABILITY OP THE EMPIRE ' 0E1'END, It the Mexican Government as it exists at present. is to be permment, upon what does its perpetuity depend r First, and chiefly, upon the will and choice ol the Mexican people tbemselver. Three vears is long enough to prove the worth or tne wortbiessness ot any Government. TheMexican peoulo sue tuat that tbt-y have got the best Govornment, the only good Government tbat they have bad lor forty years. TLey like it, they like tbe mode of its administra tion, the like tbe man wnom thev called to adminis ter it. aud they like his wile, who bas been in many rwpects like a mother to them, iney do not want any other iorm ot eoverament. and so ulna-tenths or' tbe p oi le ct Mexico would say to-day, if an election were neiu. tne perpetuity of tbe present Govern ment of Mexioo depends, scoondly, upon treaties between Maxim. lian, Franco, Austria, and Belgium. ah tnese are lacts wmoa it would be well tor the American people to consider well. : v A no titer Battle-Rumored Great Victory t by tbe Liberal. Passengers who left San Francisco March 80, state that, on their arrival at Acapuloo, April 6, they learned that a collision had occurred between the Liberal forces uider Corona and the French troops occupying Mazatian. It appears tbat Corona bad ft r some time closely invested the place, but finally withdrew, when tbe Fronch marchod out with tho intention, it is presumed, of giving Corona battle if he oculd be overtaken. Corona let tliem get well out of tbe city, whon he fell upon their rear and commenced a vigorous attack. When the steamer wnicb brought the news to Acapuleo left Mazatian the fighting was still going on. I he o fli cor in command of the French troops having been killed while endtavonng to rally his mon. who were being severely worsted by tbe Lib I a is, it was thought tbat the entire Frenoh force would be killen, as prisoners are not taken on either side. Yet a the last account from tbat quarter stated that tbe Imperial General bobaas was march ing a force ot from three to four thousand to the relief of Mazatian, he may have come up in time to turn tbe tide oi battle. I he Uniied States gunboat Saranae was lying In the harbor on the 6th. Officers and mon all woll. 1 he officers appear to be much amused at the situa tion at Acapulco, and oouiiuiserate tbe Frenoh, who, despite their inability to dispense with the r custom ary airs, are, nevertheless not a little humiliated at their position.- N. Y. Daily Jieut. IMPORTANT OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. Diplomatic Correspoudenee Between Men or Botuere and Keeretary steward Attitude of the United Jtta Uirard Init tbe Mexican Conn Ullered to Ameri can Cailtallata The Exportation of Arms Iroiu the United Mtatest to Hx Ko utronic Appeal for "ErTeettve Myin patby" from the Sister Itepublic tfr. Seward Ilopee the Mexican Kewnblle May be Maintained, but Leaves the . Mexicans to Worst out their Own bal vatlen. i mr. bomero to mr, bxward. , Mexican Ligation in thb TJktticti RtitkA WAsuiNUTON. July 28, 1805 Mr. here.'Arri in virtue of the recommendation which you were Pleased to make to me at the interview whioh we Lad yesterday at the Department of Htate,' to tbe eflect that 1 should ttato to you In writing what I verbally had tbe honor to represent to you, I new proceed to make to you the following atatemonti -You know very well with bow much anxieiv the Government ef Mexioo has -been awaiting the ter mination oi me civil war is tne vmwn btates, since our fate belag Identified to a crtaln extent with that ot the Union the, success of the latter insured our own. whilst its overthrow would have made our sanation more diflionlt. In tact, the Fronch inter vention in Mexico having beon. as is already uni versally admitted, no lung eie than a part or tbe conspiracy which wa planned to subvort this Government and to bra up this country, no lung is more natural than that the principal qtcstlon in the United States, when once decided in favor of republican institu te Tis, the accessory one. which is t oing aiscused in Mexico, shou d be decided in the same souse. The success there tjro ol ti e cause o. i ho indt pendotioo ot Vex co is already beton.l all dou.it, eveu to the ejfs ot the most reiermiued enemiesoi fie rnnnlilio, pnd it has become i nlv a question ot time. I ho duty which the jVrxicini Government has to shorten that time as much as may bs tossibe causes mo toad (iiess this communication to von. We had believed that when once the civil wae had terminated here, whlen. trom it magnitude and mipoiranco, bad absorbed the wnole attention ot the Government of the Lulled states, without per mitting it to take ihe monsurca necessary to destroy tnose accessory to the reboll.on which weredovoloo in? themselves in foreign countries, the samo Gov ernment would have topurstio one of these two poli cies: Either to take the teps it might deem proper hi order tbat the frenoh should withdraw themselves from Mexico, or to to. low 1 1 same policy ot neutral tv observed up to this period, until ptace is final y restored at home, and tue Federal authority is established in 'bo Suathern state, thus giving time to the E.imeror ot the Freuo'i to the end tat, reconsidering his measures, ho may abandon an enterprise winch is already without object, which if is utterly impossible to realize; and which should be l eisin in "it, will involve hira most cer tainly in fu ure complications with the United Mates which, when oncu at peaco, will not be able to remain au inuifl'orent spectator oi the conduct by a Emopean power of one of tho p inoi pal re gions ot this continent in their Immediat" vicinity. Upon me choice ol one of these two policies I shall say nothing at this tune; lor 1 do not propose in tbls no e to solicit Horn tins Government the adop tion ot tne one or oi tne otnor. aiy object is solely to manifest that the tune neces'arv having already elapsed to know which ol them has been adopted, we nave oencveo mat h is ine second, and in mis belief, being unaole to rely for the time being, not even upon the moral support ot this uovernmont, to piii. an euQ to tne war carried on against us ty tne Emperor ol tbe Frenoh, we deem it our duty to In Iorm the Government of the United states ot what we desire to do in this country in the fulfilment of our duties as Mexicans. In tho first place, I deem it my duty to represent to you that although the patriotism of tbe Mexican people is a suflioent guarantee to insure us success over ocr invaders, and although we have in our country sufficient e omenta to dotend our independ encewhich elements have enabled us to resist. during lour years, tne most persistent efforts oi the first military ration of Eurooe, and Will euablo us to prolong the contest to the point of compelling our enemies to leave our conutr our situation is such that the rrencb might be enabled to remain some years more in Mexico, if they persist in it, and our condition uoos not ameliorate. It Is known that tho peoplo of Mexico are without aims as arms are not manutao ured in the repub lic, we are compelled to use t nose tuose which we may be enabled to import. T he circumntanoe tbac some oi our port, are occupied and ethers blooaaded by the I ieuch, and above ail, the laot that tbe Gov ernment had prohibited, to our preiudic, t.ie ex portation M arms irom tne united states, ana tna we could not obtain them in Eurooe because a most all the Governments ot thai coucinent are hostile to our cause has caused the ijovernmout or Mexioo. Irom the commoncemont of the war, to find itself witu so small a quantity of muskets, and mese in so bsd a condition, tuat it is really snrpi ising how the remittance bus been prolonged wit imp.ejiouts so utterly worm ess. Tbe nnnciiai and almost exclusive revenues of the M xican Governmont beine oorived from the yield ot the maritime custom bouses ot tbe republio, aud the most valaablo of these being occupied or blockaded bv tbe Krenoh, it loliows that the Gov. ernment of the republio has found itselt deprived of its revenues in times when it most required thein to organize ana sustain tne srmies wmcn oeieua tue independence of the country. Gur situation, theteiore, is, to Bum up, the follow ing: Wi h arms and resources, we can tormina e. ' in a few months, the war which France is waging against us; and wiinout mese elements we snail be oLlifed to limit ourselves to resisting the French, who wiil be enabled to lemain in Mexico for an in definite penod, with srreut danger to the peace ot this continent, until they find themselves compe led to quit tiiat oaunlry through weariness, if not ex pelled bv the loroe of arms. ' You will understand, air. Seorotary, that it is the duty of the Mexican Government t shorten tne war, and to do ail that is incumbent upon it to pro cure tbe necessary elements to attain tuat result. 'i he identity of intoiosts existing respecting this point between tbe United States and Mexico, aud above all, the great sympathy which, with unparal leled unanimity, the people of the United States have manifested even in the most unfortunate days ot the Union 'or the csuse ot the independence of Mexico, have led ihe Mexican Government to be lieve that, by rendering this sjmpathy effective, those elements might be derived from it which are required to terminate immediately a war which otherwise might last for years, and all this without compromising in any manner the Government ot the United States, and without causing it to Deviate by a S'n. le ba r's bieauth from the duty incumbeut upon it as a neutral power. Although in the realization ot this Idea we propose to ourselves to treat with the citizens et this ooua try, as individuals, w thout in any manner com promising their Government, and al hough the measures we contemplate are entire y lawiu sod compatible with the attitude occupied by tho United btates as a power neu rat towards France, we deem it proper to submit our plans to the government of the United States, as a proof of our goou laitu, of defcrenoe to this Governmont, and with the tiow o receiving assurances, if this be possiblo, that no em bHrrsssment will be plaeed in our wav in the execu tion thereof, slice a painful expenence bas taught us tbe necessity of taking this stop. Reserving, thorefore, the consideration of other matters, when circumstances shall require It, our wishes are limited for the present to the two follow ing points : rirst. so negotiate a loan to the Government ot Mexioo in this market, by disposiug of bouds which shall contain the guarantees which we con sider sufficient to induoe speculators to purchase them, and which may make them acceptable to the poople of this country. It is induaitable tbat tbe duties of a neutral power do not impose noon the United States that of preventing us from roalizing our bonds, since this doos not const! cute the intervention of this Government in our behalf. The market is as much open to us as to our enemies. If the French desire to negotiate a loan here upon the san e basis as we that is, as a private speculation, with which tbe Government has nothing to do- evidently there would be no nght to oeny it the same. This same right is the one which we wish to exercise now. Our dile rence towards the Government of tbe United States bas reached the point that notwith standing we bave had a pressing necessity tor the funds which such a loan would have iur nishfd us, and that there was a time which seemed most propitious lor its realization, we pre ferred to wait until the loan to the United States, which the bouse of Me-sra. Jay Cooke fc Co., ot Phi ladelphia, Is now selling, should be realized, in order not to appear to be acting in competition with tbe L i lted btates, or as di-s rou of diverting tbe funds of its citizens to ex. tenor objects whnt the were needed by tbeir own tiovernmeut. f-econd To purchase arms ana munitions of war, and to be enabled to export them to such places as may seem to us proper. After the order ot the President of the 8d of May last, which rescinded the prohibition to export arms from the United Mates, and which has lelt in all their lorce tho laws and traditions of this country respecting the commerce of bel igereuts in articles contraband ot war, and above all, alter the prece dent established by this Government, ot portnit. ting Ihe French officers who arrived in November, 1802 to purchase tbe means of transportation lor tub invading army In Mexico, v. ho purohased and exported the articles they needed to wage war against mv country, as your dopaitiueut oomuiuuioaiod to me in tbe noto which It addressed to me upon this subject, under date of the 24th of November afore said it doesapoear that there canuot be the least cause that we should not be permitted now to do that which tbe laws of this country declare in every lespeet lawful, and whioh this government has per? milled to our enemies. '- I do not doubt that tbe Government of the United States will appreciate tho sincnty or the motives whioh Induce me to address this note, aud that I shall be favored with a reply which will be en tiiely satisfactory to mv Government, ' I avail myself with pleasure of this opportunity to renew to you, Mr, Secretaiy, the assuranoe ef my most distinguished consideration. M Romero, To the Hon. William U. Seward, Etc., Mto. MR. SEWARD TO MR ROMERO, Pfpartment of 8tats), WA'rnNOTON, Angmt 7. 18t r-iri Yosr note of the 563 d u timo, on the subjeot of the exportation of arms to, and the ng tiation of a loan lor Ihe Mexican republic, was duly received, and has been taken into consideration. You a-s woll aware that the Government of the United States has official relation with the repub i can Government In Mexico only, and hcarMv desire that thai Iorm of government may, bv tbe unity, V ii toe, yalor and pnrsereranoe oi the pe p e ol ft ex co be maintained In that country, as the United States earnest! desire that, in the samo niann. r, it mar be perpetuated in tveryotner country in the American hemisphere wnere it bas heretofore beeu esuibiifliod lit erly and freo institutions, In any conutry, aro tbe rewards of tbe o puiar v rtties I h.ive named. ' hey cannot be guaranteed by anv one nwon. however becofioont, to anothor, however woll dis posed to receive them. I am not aware of any .law or executive order which, at pre cut, prohibits tho exportation of arms or of money irom the Unitod ettitos to Mexico by either oi the parties at war in that country, or bv the Individual citizens or subjects of the respective Laities Any proceedings tor that purpose mu?t, owever. not be onni.eo;ed with proceedings which tend to ntlr.uee the in partial neutra ity which this Government bas, hitheito, in every iustanco main tained. I hat neutrality is really the eflect of existing mn rlcipai laws as well as tit international law. Itcoulil, bertfore, be deviated from by thu executive ov- rnnicnt only when Comricss should bave directed It, I'o Congress alone bolongs tbe Constitutional power to declare war. 1 ava'l myself of this opportunity to renew to you, sir, the assurances ot my very distinguished consid eration. WILLIAM H. SEWARD. Ssnor Matias Romero, etc, etc LEGAL INTELLIGENCE. HABEAS CORPUS OAS KB. Court or lurier NkmnIous Allison, P. J. Habeas corpus and desertion coses were beiore ihe Court this morning. Herman B. Plato, charged with arson In sotting fire to hla store in South street, above 1'hird, was beard on habeas corpus. Plate kept a cigar Btore at the place mentioned, and had, as now ap pears, an insurance ot 81000 upon bis stock. A lire was discovered at the store about halt-past twelve o'clock on a night a short time; ago, which was ex tinguished without doing much damage. .An investigation diso o.ed tho faot that t'ie stock on band was suspiciously sma l, and there were cir cumstances surrounding the on gin ot tbe lire winch Indicated thai it might have been the reiu t ot de sign rather than accident. Detective Levy, who during the sickness ot Mr. Blackourn wasacttnas Fire Marshal, testified to the facts; after hearing which, the Court dec ded to hold th accused lor tnat, and accordingly be was remanded. Jacob Gordon, charted wth parjury, was dis charged no prima fcu-ie caso to support the caaigo having been show... DESERTION CASES. Joseph Thorn was charged with the doserbin ot biswiie. Toe Judge advised tbem to go hom i to gether, and live peaces be aud quiet live, aud sent them home. Francis Kcenan was charged with tbe desertion Ot his wile. He made no defense and wdliuviv consented to pay $5 nor week ior ber support The oraer wa made, and the paites dismissed. .' The Current and Deterred Morton Lasts worn be fore the Ilistriot Court and Coil' t ot Comnioj Pleas this morning. Nothing ot publio interest trans- Sired. A Supremo Court at. Nisi 1'r.sM.wat held by ustice Thompson, and a number ot motions in equity were d.sposed ot. . . FINANCE ANJJ COMMERCE Office op thb Evening Teleoraph, I ' Saturday, April 21. 1800. ' ' There was more disposition to operate in stocks this, morning and prices were better. Railroad snares continue the most active on the list. . About 6000 shares of Philadelphia and Erie sold at trom 831 84 J, an advance ot 2j ; aud 2700 shares ot Catawissa proiorred at 30 :o.32, the latter rate an advance of Ji; Camden and amboy Bold in a sma.l way at 11JJ C120, tne latter rate an advance of 1; 66 was bid lor l enusylvania Railroad; 80 tor Little Schuyikni; 64i ior Nornstown 61 for Reading; and 64 lor Mine hill. Government bonds am firmiy bold atlull prices. 620s t-old at 104: 7 '80s at 101; and 10-40. at 93; 1051 was bid lorOsol 1881 -ity loans are without change 1 he new issue sold at 93. . . . . ! : l'lllLADELl'HIA Sl'OCK EXCHANGE SALES 10-DAY Reported oy De llaven St bro.. No. 40 S. Third stroel ' ' 'FIRST -BOARD. 1 F600 LT S 1040s.... v 98 ! 100 sh Cat of. ....elO 80 tn0OOU7 8Os Aug.llllJ, loOsh do 8 ir'Am SCll JNSV 3 olfi. 1 1 I 100 BQ do 81 200 sh Phil & Erie.. 88 800 stt 200 su 200 sh 100 sh 100 sh 200 sh 100 sh 100 th 100 sh 200 sh 100 sli 100 sh 400 sh do lots, 811 200 sb 200 sh 410 sh 100 sh KiO sh 100 sh bCOsh lOOsii 100 sh H O sb 100 sh 100 rh 360 sb 100 sh 110 sh 8i0sh 100 sb , Jjl'O sh K O sh 400 sh 100 sh 100 sh 800 sh - 600 sh 100 sh 100 sh do 83 J 40 88 do lots 81 do 84 do s!6 84 do 86 00. .b6 lots 84 do b!6 Sit do lots si do. ...s6wu 81 ao ..s5 81 j do uoO 81 do lots 81 do., do., do.., da., do., do.. s5wu 81 ,...b30 81 ...lots 82 .s5wn al do 84 j qo 2d 84 ,...s80 an do b30 842 ,b80 83 ,i 30 82) do 2d 81 do.. do b6 84 86 8U&CU Nav pf .. 81 do do. do. do. do. do. do. ... .2d o4 100 sh do... ...b30 olj loOsti do 841 ....... 81 .. . .t0 b41 84 ....810 84 ,...s80 841 ...Jots 84 .,..s30 84 460 sh do. lots 811 48 811 do. lots. 'jW 81 J Z'hj sn oo ...P3U cut 100 sb - do..., '84; 7sftUam fc Am .,110, do. do do izi sn oo ...tois.izu , 114 sn Ponn R.d bill 6 2d 84 15 84 00 su i.eu vat...,,, uu 10 sh Hazleton 65 10 sh Shamok C. ... 81 800 sb Ph. ft E. lots 84i do.. lots. 16 84 do b5 841 do s80 84 COO sh do.. lots sill 84 800 sh do. lots.. b6 81 PHILAD'A GOLD EXCHANGE QUOfATlONS 10 A. M 1261 12 M 1204 11 A. M 120,; 1 P. M 12Cj Harper, Dubset ft Co. quote as follows: Buying, iSeHmg American Gold IMj 127 American Silver, jsand ys 120 121 American silver Dimes and Half Dimes 112 113 Pennsylvania Currency h i New York Excnange 1-10 par. Messrs. Delia von & Brother, No. 40 Soutb Third treet, muke the following quotations of tho rates ot exchange to-day at 1 P. M. i Butftnq. 8Vtng. American Gold 11 127 American Silver, 4s and is 120 J 122 Compound Interest Notes: " Juno, 1"64. 10 11 9 8 July. 1B04. 10 9 August, 1804. October, 1804.... Deo., 1804.... May. 18H5.... August, 1805. ... Sept., 1H06.... October, 1805.... S4 .81 8 Philadelphia Trade Report. Pattjbpat, April 21. There Is a steady demand for Flour ior borne consumption, hut there is no shipping inquiry, and with continued high receipts and stacks, solders are firm In tbelr views. Tbe only sales reported were a few hundred barrels, mostly Korthwestsrn extra lamftv.l at S92S10-80 tor common ana fancy; SlOJsll for Pennsylvania and Chlo do. do.' eilM for fancy lots ino udlng some suitertlue at7(t, and extras at mAD. KJ 1 1 our is qniei, auu cuiniuouus s 130) 1'ni.Hi nt f -nm Meal are entlielv nominal. Thfiofferius of Wheat continue high, and prime Is in good demanu, but Inferior is not much wanted. Ha'es of 70tlV bush, choice red and amber at S'iWiirWbft! 1SO0 bush fi IMU. AajiiuiK fc f I iw , inw uuu , p.ici u il, bo W4 IV. live is quiet but steady at Ofte. for Pennsylvania. Corn . T . ... l.ll. M.lJ I.M., II"..... tt l.llt la oomlug forward mure freeiv, and yellutv la in good demand at a decline et 3()Jc 4? bush. ; sales of 11 busn. at etto. oats are steady, wim lurrner sales or re"" eylvaula and Uelawais at Wetlilo In Hat ley no sales reported. Barley att commands 1126y,H0 V biub, but lhare is not rsueh doing. The market s nearly bare of Clovsrseed, hut there Is not much demand.- tiinall sales were reported at tor common aud tholes. Timothy is unokimgooV. Flax seed sells slowly at JA5(2lM) Whisky is source and dull. Pennsylvania Is selling st 8 itotti-K. and Ohio at aa mfi to. r Markets by 'i'elejrrapo. ' New loan, April 21 -Cotton dull at 87o. for Middlings. Flour Is unchanged; sales ot 6n00 bbls., including 760 bbls of Southern, and 400 bbls. Cana dian. Wheat dull and nominally unchanged. Corn dull. Beet steady. Pork firm at 20 68 o26 62 lor Mess, Lard firm at 17tl2o. Whisky aud. THIllD EDITION AN OFFICIAL GOVERN MENT SWINDLER. , Trial or Quartermaster II. II. lim ner at Nashville. Louisviile, April 20. The trial of II. II. Bru- tier, formerly Superintendent of the Government corrals, is still progressing; at Nashville;. ' .', He is charged with conspiracy with other par ties, principally contractors, in defrauding the Government, by causing false vouchers to be issued to them, upon which the said contractors were enabled to get pay for mules whilst tbey never delivered thorn to the Government. The principal Government witness la W. C. McKay . , lloce, who acknowledges issuing the false vouchers, and who hr.s been released to testify against tbe others. The parties accused charge . tlmt Hogo is testiljing false' y in order to con vict them and save himself from punishment, - , after having attempted extortion aud failed. , , SECOND DESPATCH. , . -i , - Nasiiville, April 20. -In the Bruner case, yesterday, Colonel Charles Irwin was examined, :i in relation to business conducted in his depart- t ment. , , W. C. McKay Hogc, formerly clerk in Colonel Irwin's office, and subsequently at the corral, under Mr. Bruner, was next called. He testified ' that he had given one false receipt to Wm. Davis "' for between twenty-five and fifty mules, three or' four to J. Henderson, amounting to $22,000 or $23,000, one to W. E. Brien, and one to D. Hen- " ' derson. Ho believed vouchers were issued on each of the false recflpts given tho parties men tioned. , . i . ... i ,. .. The Court then adlourued, in order to procure ' the books of Mr, B. Bruner. . tl , . .;. To-day McKay Hoge was recalled. He stated ' that he gave receipts for $23,000 to lsham Hen ri' et sou at Henderson's? request, in 1 several re ceipts, at different times, and he alvrays insisted , on fflinei8 giving receipts for more mules than ; were received. He also stated that Henderson , told him it was dishonorable to defraud the Gov ernment of large amounts, but contemptible to ', cheat the Government out of small sums, i .. , The witness received, for issuing the false fe- ' ce'mtsto Henderson, $10,000. The proposition ' to issue false receipts was stated ' by the witness ; to come from Mr. Honderton. , False receipts ,.; were also given to David Henderson, of Nush- " ville.and tV. R.Brioej of Danville, Ky., the former t for $12,000, and the latter for several compara ' tively small amounts. From. D. ,' Henderson' , , through another party, named George Bartor, " the witness received $4000, .and from Brico $2500. The witness' highest !alary while em ployed as clerk in the Department, was $30 per " month. He stated that he frequently gave re ceipts for mules without seeing; them or ascer taining their number. i , .', . , . . , The witness stated that Bruner loaned him $0000, at his request, to cancel a mortgage on 1 ... his father's estate. . The testimony of the wit ness entirely exculpates Bruner from ' any ,com- j p'.lcity in the issuing of false receipts, he having ' ' kept carefully concealod from him all know- ' ledge ot the transactions he had been engaged - In, and that no false receipts had ever been ;i given by him with i Bruner's knowledge or eon-j sent at the corral of the Quartermaster's De- , '. partment here. The witness issued receipts to . , contractors simply on their verbal statements. : i Special Despatches to The Evening Telegraph. 9 Warhihoton, April 21. , Contrabainds) ess runt fir Louisiana. ' ' Last evening lorty-etght colored prisoners at the Jail men, women, boys, and girls, contrabands and natives were, wi'h their own oonsent, placed en route for Louisiana, ander charge of an officer of the Freedmen'B Bureau. Ihey were all charged i with petty larcenies. The District Attorney has entered a nolle prosequi In each of the oases, on condition that the prisoners would go South; and tho Court will Issue an order for the reoovered stolen goods to be turned over to the owners by tbe property olork. About one hsndred and twenty . five other cotored peisons, nearly all of them f reed men, left at the same lime tor the South, where tbey , are all promised good wages. ,. ., rlr for Soldiers' snd Sailors' Orphan. Extens ve preparations are being made for a fair in this city next May, in aid of the National Soldiers aud tailors' Orphan Home for friendless orphans of soldiers and sailors in every State and Territory of the Union, Mrs. Lieutenant-faeueral Grant is Pre. Bid en t, and Mrs. Major-Genoral vf. T. Sherman, Vice-President. All contributions should be ad dressed to "Ihe Rational Soldiers' and Sailors' Or phan Home, Washington, D. C." FROM BALTIMORE TO-DAY. Elevation of the Colored BaeeOplnsloas . or Clilef Justice CUaae, General liow ard and Otbeirs. ' v- Special Despatch to The Evening Telegraph. BAinidoitH, April 21. At a meeting held last , night regarding the religions and intellectual improvement of tbe colored race, General How- , ord stated that over one hundred thousand colored children were now at school, and .tao hundred thousand learned to read last year. He urged the cultivation of good feeling and kind ness towards the negroes. Chief Justice Chose made a tew brief remark, suggesting the necc3-( sity of dealing Justly with the ircedmen, giving them their rights. Senator Evans, or Colorado, also spoke. , i ., . . . , 1 , , l .:. , 1 Discharge of Colonel Wheeler. , ',' Toronto, April 81. Colonel Wheeler, one-of the prisoner! at Cornwall, and formerly of the 11 Bebel army, became so "pugnacious in court t . during his examination yesterday! and dwtlt so 't effectively on. the fact of being An. American i citizen, and living under Andrew' Johnson'B administration, that the Canadian magistrates., unanmiously decided to let him go. He is now '" on his way to New York. i .7 r i e r. ml,..