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H H A VOL. VI.--N0. 1. PHILADELPHIA, TUESDAY, JULY 10, 18GG. DOUBLE SHEET-THREE CENTS. rm THE BANKS IN THE OIL REGIONS. The lion. c. T. culver In Jail. Meadville, Pa., July 3. If a man is down, tick bitn, push him, strike him anything to help Lis downward proyres?. Facitin deccnsHS avemi: let's make it so much the easier lor the poor devil who is treading that downhill road. That is the logic ot the woild. Let me toll you a Ptory to prove It, Charles Vernon Culver was at the head of one of the most snccesetul banking-bouse.1- iu .New York. A resident of Franklin, Venango county, Pennsylvania, the very heart of the Oil Heron's, lie naturally turned his attention toward that country, and devoied his energies to its develop ment, lie established banks, built railroads, luid the foundation of towns. The town of Reno nad its birth in Mr. Culver's brain. A company was formed, wboe rrMdont was the Hon. Galtnha A. Grow, ex-Spfakerof the Home, with Mr. Culver as Vtcc-Prcident and Director, to develop the natural resources ot Uie npih borhood, to build up the town, and to make it the centre of an extensive oil and lu inner trathc all of woich promised to be broucnt about a no distant day. Of this company Mr. Culve was the motive spirit. He protected the Reno Oil Creek, and Piiholo Railroad, which should drain the Oil Regions ot their oleaginous pro ouot. by furnishing a short cut to a market; and in this road were a large portion ot his asset bound up when misfortune came. "You know what Burns says about the best-laid schemes of mice and men. Mr. diver's plan were good, but some of them went aeley. He wnsbimsflt a man of the purest morality, wiih none of the personal vices which drain at the bunehole what is saved at the spiiror. He wa generous many a charitablo society has had occasion to thank God tor the bounty of C. V. Culver. There is a church in process of erection in this city on land donated by bim. He built and presented to Allegheny Colleee a boarding house, costing $20,000. His was the money that has started many a poor man in business, and alas for the ingratitude ot the world ! some r f these once poor men are the loudest In reviling him now. JIr. Culver is M. C. from tha Twentieth Dis trict ol Pennpylvania, comprising tho counties of Crawloid, Vecnntro. .Mercer, and Clarion. This ollice was greatness thrust upon him. He did not want it olleied $20,00: for party uses if the Congressional confreres of the lour counties would not present his name lo the people; but there was a bitch in the county nominations which precluded ihe selection of any of the regular nominees, and he was selected as the harmonizing candidate. He was persuaded to acpt the nomitiation, which he di J with ereat reluctance, tor his head and his hands were so full os business schemed that he had no time for politics. The general dulne$s of the oil trade, and other causes, conspired to lock up a large por tion ot the assets of Culver, Penn fc Co. In an inaccessible foim; and the lirin learned it must suspend operations, lor a time at least, when thev hoped the storm wouM blow over and they could resume payment, with the public confi dence in tt.eir integrity unimpoired. On the day olthe failure. General Btirnslde and auotln-r gentleman 6at iu Mr. Culver's private ollice. They knew the wants of the tirm; $i;2,000 would carry it saicly through the day. They volun teered that siim ; they urge J its acceptance upon the bead ot tho tirm. "No," said Mr. Culver, 4-I can give you no security lor it. If I take it anM it will not i-avc us, it is lost to jcu. It would be ruiimng too great a risk, and I cannot so wrong you." They urged; he steadily refused. The olock struct; bunk hours were over; Cul ver, Prnn A Co.'s notes were protested ; and the telesraph flushed the news of their failure to every part of the country. A meeting of the creditors was soon alter held in this city, where siuu kind of an arrange ment was entered into for the satisfaction of their clii'ros. With that, however, we have nothing to do. Hoon alter this, Mr. Culver went to Rcuo, which is only four or five miles troni Franklin, his place 01 residence, aid gave his attention to the completion of trie Keno. Oil Creek, and Pit hole Railroad, which was held by a capitalist of New York as security lor moneys loaned to the ijim ot Culver, Perm & Co. He had hardly begun upon this before he was arrested at the suit ol State Senator Thomas Hoee, on a charee conspiracy with iutent to defraud. Ho obtained hail and went on with his work. Hone brouaht suit alter suit till his patience was exhausted, ana then turned the worrying proce-s over to Jun es fc. Mers, a cundioate lor President Judge of this District, who continued it in tho fame manner. These were both directors in tho Venango Bank of Frunklin, whose funds were involved In the Culver failure. There has been a great Lne-and--ry that Mr. Culver obtained the bonds of the Petroleum anil Venango Banks from the office of the Auditor f? "Tie nil, where, according to law, thev had been deposited, by fraudulent means; but the fact i, that for every dollar"s worth of bonds taken from the And tor-Gencial's ollice, duly cancelled hills of the banks were returned, und tue Don. it were only received by Mr. Culver for the re demptiou'of those bills. On Saturday a bench warrant was ismed directing Mr. Culver to go ino insolvency under bonds ot $100,()CO. He had obtaiued bail, when he learned that other warrants were out, the intention being to badger him and bait bim till he should turn to bay, when tho hunteis would get a firm hold upon Dim. He determined that the end had come, and that he would seek and accept no more buil; but go to jail at once and a a ait trial. His wife, an invalid, resolved to share his imprisonment, and went to jail with him. And this Christian gentleman lies in jail, the victim ot malignity and persecution; while his enemies circulate over the country false charges of swindling and fiaud, not one 6t which tn?y can prove He may have been lmprndent in bui-mess transactions; he may have ventured too iar into speculation: but the man does not live who can prove anything criminal iu his past life or transactions. JV, lr, Tribune. The Field of War In Germany In tracing the movements of tho armies in Germany, writes a correspondent, it should be remembered that there are three, rivers of the name of Neisse. TLey are all, euher directlv or indirectly, ailluenU of the Oder, and ar there fore not unlikely to be confounded with oue another. The most westetly ot the three is that which flows imst Gorlitz. It rues In Bohemia, paeses by Zittau, forming near thut town the defile by which Napoleon iu 181.1 penetrated into Bohemia, flows by Ostritz, Goili Priebus, and Muckau, communicates with the Spree by theCottbus Canal, and Anally fulls intitne Oder. The nevt river ot this namo towards the Eat is an affluent ot the Kntzbach. itself an affluent of the Oder. This Neise is distinguished as the Wutheude, or racing Neisse. It rises near Hoheniriedbirsr, celebrated tor the victory trained in 1715 by Frederick the Great over the Amtiiuus, pus-es I y Jauer, and joins the Karz- hacn about seven miles above lA'ent.?.. It wua between Jauer and the continence ol those two streams that the battle ol Katzbaeu was lost bv llocdonald in 1813. The Nbisbo river which runs past the fortress or meiasc, the present head- quarters of the crown Prince, rise in the mountains south ot t.iarz, ptusrs by that lor tress and by Nle se, ana .loins the Cler about twelve mites oeiow unejr. n is w mis river that the prim ipal debits leading through the Riesen Gebirge into central suema are due. Monopoly. Five noblemen the Earl of Ereadalbane, the Dukes of Argyll, Athole. Sutherland, and Buoeiough arn said to own tir.e-fcyt1h.Ci U tic JJd W Scotland., INTERESTING FROM WASHINGTON. llln or fit Pr I !( Probable Veto ot tho rrttdmw'i Bnroan Bill To-Day of a Knptoro Between tii I'rentdent and Secretary Stanton Cancan of Radical Members of C'a srH to ba Ilrla Thl Evening. From the Xtw Yn-k Herald. THE PRESIDENT OVERCOME BY Tn It RAT. Washington, July 0. The President was seized last night with severe indisposition, the result of the unpeccdemedly hot weather. lie has tieen closely confine! all day. seeing no on but General Grant, who called to pay his re spects pievious to leaving ton. rKOBADI.E VETO OP TniB fBBEDMEN'S BUREAU BILL, The President will probably to-morrow send to Congress a message accompanying a veto of tho new r'reedmerfs Bureau bill, recently rasped by both brar.ches of Congress. The messase has occupied the closest attention ot the Presi dent for the last lew days in its preparation, and will doubtless be a full and exhaustive argu ment ol 'he points at insue between Congress and the Executive on tho policy to be pursued towards tne freed people at "the South. It is not now considered likely that the bill can be made a law without the approval of the Prasi dent. CAUCUS OF THE RADICAL MEMBER' OP CONGRESS. A joint caucus of the radical members of the Senate and House is to be held tomorrow evening, to see what plan can be fixed upon to curb the President during the recess, and to fix upon the time of adjournment. The exceedingly hot weather is telling severely on tho staying qualities of Ccneressnien, and they begin to evince the greatest anxiety to get away ; but it is by no nieans probable' that an adlburnment can be eflecled under two, and perhaps three wceKs. The House has not completed the Tariff bill, although it ha be-u before them more than two weeks. The Senate will doubtless require as much time for iu consideration, and will then send it back materially altered in its character. One or two important appropriation bills yet await action; also the army bid, upon which the House to-day insisted upon its position by returning the Senate bill, with Schenk's House bill substituted. The Mexican lonn busi ness yet hanes tire in both Houses, and a large number ot private bills, so that three weeks will be short time in which to close up the work of the session. Moreover, if the caucus to-morrow iiiyht shall result in any eeiious effort to restrain the exercise of proper and legitimate executive authority during the recess, it will awaken serious controversy. The expected veto ot the Freedmen's Bureau bill will also call for action that will tend to protract the term. THE CASE OF PAYMASTER PAULDING PROBABLE RUITURE BETWEEN THE PRESIDENT AND SECRE TARY Of WAR. Matters between the Secretary of War and the President, growing out ot the Paulding case, border on a rupture. It seems that the sentenc ot the Court imposed a fine of five tuousaud dul lars upon the delinquent paymaster, dismissed him from the service, and ordered him into close continement for one year. The Secretary ol War reviewed and approved the proceedings, rindinir, and sentence, and ordered that Pauld ing be confined in Fort Mclleury. The friends ot the prisoner at oneo set to wo.-k to mitiarate what to them seemed an unduly hard case, they contending that be was merely guilty of a tech nical violation of orders, though still abiding hy the spirit of the existing regulations. An appeal was made to dir. Stan1 on an Saturday, who took the interlerence in high dudgeon, exciaiminir, "What! htsn't the prisoner et bren sent away?" and iuimeointely wrote au order direct ing that he be sent to Fort Mc Henry by the 4 o'clock P. M. train that day. His Irieuds re doubled their crlortH on this outburst, and. rein forced by the two Senators from New Yors and other influential tnea, waited upon the Presi dent. The result of tho interview and showing made was au older from the President to the Secretary ot War, directing a stay of oroeeedings until the Bureau of Military Justice could review the case and report to him. This order was 6ent to the Secretary at 2 P. M., but that oilicer found It convenient to be absent during tho atternoon from h's oflice, and consequently tne orders he had previously issued were carried iiito execution yesterday. It was ascertained that Paulding had been sent away, wheu the President issued au order directing him to be returned here immediately, and this morinntr the same oflieer who escorted him to his confinement started to bring him hue. Pnuldinir has disbursed live hundred millions ot dollars during the war, and his accounts have never exhibited the slightest sym ptoins of wrousr. This is the tirst instance in which his conduct Iihs been questioned, and iu this case he followed the -universal precedent of depositing hts money in a national panic, ana lost it. in no possioie way could lie oe a painer oy it. nonce nis friends attribute personal motives to the Secre tary of War to account for the hostility wi'.h which he has pursued tho unfortunate man, aud cite lustiuiceB to show where this hostility origi nated. Whatever may be the cause of it, Stanton is very cross at the President lor interfering in the matter, and swears he will make a tow about it. Three paymasters who testified on the court- martial In dotensc and justification of Pauldinj's act, were to-day dismissed the service by order of the Secretary of War, Among these was Colo nel Robert Dodge, chief of a bureau In the pay department one of the oldest and most trust- worths officers in tne iaie service. Another was ordered dismissed, when it was discovered that he had resigned a week ago. GOVERNOR BROWNLOW IN HIGH DUDGEON. Private telegrams lrom Tennessee say that Governor Brownlow is in a high state of excite ment owing to the lack ot a quorum in the Ten npfsee Legislature, und that ho breathes out threatening and slaughter aeainst trie two members who are responsible lor it by re signing. JEFF. DAVIS. Mr. Bout well i busily eneaeed writlne up the report of Ihe Judiciary Committee on the Jell'.' Davis conspiracy implication, and will certainly be ready to report within a few days. THE WORK OF CONGRESS. Seven hundred and sixty-nine b lis have baen reported and ne hnudred and eighty-si. joint resolutions during the present ses-ion ot Con- prers, a number crea'ivin excess ot matactet on by auy pieeedinu session. ; THE KEVOLUTiON IN CUBA. Confiimation of the Previous Reports. There 'appears a prospect of Spain havino more trouble-on hand liom the South American re pulrtics than fhe at first counted oa. Chili) Peru, Bolivia, aud Ecuador have, .it i said, formed a league to free Cuba from the Spanish yoKe, and application has been made to Veno r.uela and tho United Stati s. ot Colombia to join theru in aiding this strike for liberty. Or course the lour powers could c"o nothing without the assistance of the two latter, which possess har bors of supply and refutre on the Atlantic coast. Peru, Chill, and Bolivia are to supply money, whilst Vsuezuela,. Ecuador, and this republic are to turrush men. it n exoectedalso that the Colombian war steamer Colombia will be given to the allied cause, and there is a hone of succor irom me xvoriu turoiiL'u Florida, which would, ol course, do very emcaeious. A large emigra tion oi soumeruers couiu leave that roast very quietly and almost unobserved by the Govern ment at Washington. At present we merely give thl outline ol'a Brand scheme of redemp tion from Spanuih bondage, which i yet in emnryo, cut wui give mora mil particulars as matters Drpcress. Panama autr uud Herald. OBITUARY. Tho I.ato Mr. Gore Brace Sketch of bin Ufo and Fonral. The funeral of the late Mr. Georee Bruce took place last evening lrom Grace Church, corner of Broadway and Tenth street. At o'clock the cortege armed at the church, where the remains were rtceived by a large number of friends. The body, inclosed in a splemlid silver-mounted rosewood casket, was deposited underneath the pulpit, when the impressive funeral service of the Episcopal Church was read by the Rev. Mr. Morgan. At the conclnsion of the ceremonies a proces slou, which consisted of a delccarion of the Hew lork Typographical Society and the friends of the decea-ed, ws formed in the church, and th body taken to the hearse and conveyed to Greenwood Cemetery. The principal pall bearers were Mr. Horace Greeley, Mr. Thomas Ewbank. Mr. John M. Dodd, Mr. Peter C. Cor icijou, and Mr. Dalton, of Uoetcn. At a meet ing of the Typographical Socety, on Saturday evening last, the President, Mr. C. C. Savage, am ounced the demise of Mr. Bruce, one of the honorary members, at the age of 8ti, and gave at the same time the following skctcn of the life ot this eminent type-founder: "On Thursday, July 6, an honored member of this society passed away from earth at the advanced age ol fourscore "and a quarter years. Gcorec Bruce, a man long known amoiie the printers not only ot this country but of tne v. orld, is dead. Having had a favorable oppor tunity of kno-vine the history ot the deceased, I bIihII oiler a lew remarks respecting him. His lite was parallel with tne history aud develop ment of printing in this country, which has made such immense progress dining the last sixty years. To tho advancement of typography he devoted his srenius, labor, aud means with untiring assiduity, and received in return not only a liberal reward, but the nobler gratifica tion ol having found the art ot printing insig nificant, type founding undeveloped stereo typing unknown, and power presses not con ceived, and retired from life with the press the mightiest power ot the earth. In all this change he was an active participator, and had his tull share in bringing the art to its present perfection. 'Mr. Bruce was born in Edlubureh, Scotland, in 1781. He left his native laud in his 1 4th year, urnving in Philadelphia m 17H5. Here he worked as a printer's apprentice for three or lour years. The yellow fever appeaiine, he came lo New York, and worked with his brother David. The suite of the trade at the openice ot the present century can be best understood by a few 1acU. '"In 1789, four type-founders supplied all the tpe required tor the priming otiiees of Great Britain aud the United Slates, producing aboiu 600 lbs. of typo a week, a quantity sufficient to print the largest newspapers at that time; as 1000 copies being a larpe circulation, a font, lusred lor several years. The first tvpe foundry in America wa9 begun in Philadelphia in 179G, about the time Mr. Flruce arrived inthalcirv, by Archibald Binny and James Ronaldson, from hif native city. Ac the time there were some 150 printing and newspaper offices in the coun try. They imoroved the Uucrlish method of hand casting, which increased their facilit'ie nearly 60 per cent. In 1805, a small foundry, was started in Baltimore by Samuel Lower Co. In 1811, Elibu White, who Lud done some thing at malum; type in Hartford, came to New York, and established the tirst foundry iu this city. This foundry lias continued to expan t from that time uutil the present, end is well known in the trade. 'But to resume our history of Mr. Bruce. In 1800 David and Geoive Bruce opened a book printinc ollice in New York. There were less than three hundred book and newspaper oitiees in the whole Uuiou. They received a fair sham of wort, both being practical printers, and able to set type, make up a form, beat tne b ills, or pull the press. They occasionally printed aud published a work on the:r wn account. It was not uriUHiial at. tLat and asiilllaier pertod tor printers to obtain work by taking a book to tho several booksellers and get'.iui; tnoui to order a certain number ot copies. When the requisite number wcie secured, the book was printed, with each bookseller's name on the title-page oi the copies he tiad ordered. "Iu 1x12 David Bruce went to England. Lord Stanhope had recently aiscovered the art of stereotyping. David purchased the secret aud learned the process. Iteturniuar the next yeur to New Yoik. tho brotheis mudo their arranae- ments to introduce the process here. Typo nail heietotore Deen cast witn a Devened shoulder, ai d this was so low that it luteiiered with th; mould-m: and weakened the plate. To overcome this ihey bcL'an that vear manufacturing type tor ineir own use. xne nrst douk srereotvpe i Dv tueiu was a iNew testament in nourcas completed in 1811. Tliej made t wo sets of plates, puimsniner trom one themselves; tne otner thv sold to Matthew Carey, of Philadelphia. Tlii- wa followed tho next year bv the Bible in non- panel. Thtso were tho first school eduions ol the i)il)le and New Testament issued in Amenra. The following year, 1810. the American Bibl Society wus louuded, aud tL?y stereotyped some ot tneir nrst issues. "About 1825 tho firm Mas dissolved. His brother retiring lrom the business altosethcr, and George relinquishing the printing and eterenivphipr department', devoted theeuereie of his subsequent lite to improvim?, enlarging. aud creat'ms variety aid valuable additions to the supply oi pi iu tors' wants. At this time there are some 3(),uou distinct types, ornaments, cuts, etc.. in his catalogue. "Soon alter Mr. White opened his foundry, ho inxented a machine for cast ug twenty or thirty t.vpe at once. But alter spending large sums in eiloits to peilect it, he was compelled to aban don the idea, sondity aud t-harpuess ot hair line could not bo obtained in that direction Mr. Bruco, his nephew, David Loturon, aud Mr. Jo:n.-on, ot Philadelphia, also spent rarniv years ani large amounts in the same etlbrts without satisiactory results. In the meanwhile rapid advance had been made in other depart ments ot ecienoe, ' iloilroads were snanuini the land, tho tele graph bad become an established tact, ocouu navigation had proved a success, cheap public tions were called for by the million, newspaper edi'ions by the hundred thousand, aud power piesfeshad been inventel to supply the demand. Tho old hand method ot type-casting could not fiai i-f'v the call for type. Just at this emergency three distinct patents were ii-sued lor type-cast- inrr machines, tnd. Mlth subsequent improve-. meats, have etlected the long desired object of securing rapidity iu casting, combined with, sharpness and Eolidhy of tho letrers. At tho present time about 30,000 pounds of type lire cr weekly iu the United States to supply tlio S00J or 4000 newspaper and book ollices of tho country. - in addition to tbu home demand, Mr, Bruoe's foundry has been the source of supply for mobt ot South America and the West India Islands. ' I "He was ever anxious to enhance the Interest 'of 'he trade, eitacr-nicchahlenl or moral. Hi) took a warm interest in the welfare ol our So. clety, and frequently iuquned how we were prospering. He wus ihe tirst aud largest patron ol the Printers' Library, and oirored a liberal subscription towards a fund for its permanent endowment. His own library was ncn, ctm taming a large numher of rare works of the earliest period of black letter print, with illu minated initials, and also in MS. ol the same character of an earlier date. During the exist ence of the Mechanic' Institute, and the earlier years of the American, he was au active member, and at their meetings he frequently eave Inte resting and instructive talks on some mechanical subject. "Several years since he desired to stimulate inveniive genius to the production of a Dower prens that ehouU do lorUie country papers what Hop's Tdghtnina' has done for the laree dailies a press that should be comparatively inexpen. sive, economical, and rapid. He offered a band some premium to the successful inventor. Several new presses were the result. "Wo have already referred to the many novel ties and improvement introduced into the trade in the presentation of new styles of type, borders, etc., to elevate the standard of excellcnee, and facilitate the execution of work. Many of these were of his own invention, the punches cut, and the matrices fitted up by his own bands. Ho wus never so happy as when he could leave the details ol business and sit quietly at the bench in th private offic, derl.unif and cuttinir some thing new in typographical art. This he con tinued to do (with his daily walk of a mile or two) until near the cloe of his life, wnn his evesight failed, and he was compelled to abandon both. 'I well remember his reply on my alluding to this rot lorigl since: 'Ye. Mr. Savage. I have had to quit the bench, and when I cannot walk any more my lite will be of little value to any one. I shall then be near my end.' And now his life bas gone out Into the higher IPe. I kue him for over thirtv vears. twpntv-Hvp of it as apprentice and employe was passed as his tenant in the foundry bulldinir. It Is. therefore, with the knowledge these jears impart that I spoak or what he has none to advance our Hrt, or his personal character and worth, aad the repect that should be entertained for his memory." j. r. urtuune. THE CHOLERA. Automatic MoTmaM af a Pt!nt after Ural b A TrrrifUd ludertaker iitl zrn Alaimcd. One of th most singular cases of cholera which has occurred iu the city at any tlnn. came to light recently at the Westchenter House, corner of Broome street and Bowery. James Hay ward, who wis at the house named, took suddenly sick. A doctor was called In to attend him, who pronounce! it a case of cholera, whereupon Doctor Siglsmnod Waterman, tho Police Surgeon, was called upon about 12 o'clock (noon). Wben he arrived, some three- quarten ot an hour alter ward, the man was dead. Shortly thereafter the undertaker was sent lor, and upon his arrival to measure and lay out the body, heiusiied lrom the aourtmcnt in a paroxysm of terror, saying, "The mau is livina the man Is moving 1" Dr. Waterman was again called in, when he lound that th body had not been resuscitated, but was merely undergoing some automatic movements not unknown to strict observers ot cholera cases who have given tbo wor'd the benellt of their experience iu their writings. Dr. Waterman said that the involuntary motions ot ihe body consisted of contraction ot the mus cles and sinews ot the arms and twitching t tue eyelids a condition ot tnings which, arnougn he had not boiore oberved persouallj, he nad read of such cases under like circumstances. The movement referred to indicated the so ind ness of the mdgment of the pnysiciau who had declared it a case of cholera. This occurs in rases where patients die of spasm, a notable leature in cholera cases, and when the contra.v tions caused by the spasms, or the cause of death, causes the muscles to relax. The ut j- roatic action related, therefore, was merely tais movement consequent uoon death from spasms. in miB cu.-p rneuean n am nan ruiscu uis arms, and his ilngerB were piuchma his breast 'hree quarters ot an hour after death. The undertaker told Dr. Waterman that his heart beat, nut ha saj s that the undertaker was evidently so Iright encd that be could not tetl any reliable story. It aopears that ull through the choiera of 1819, no Mich case as this was recorded as having taken place in this city, yet the books tell ot bodies turning over on the be i and in their co-lins a loug'tinie utter death; hence fne many wicked stories and theories of ignorant person about patients being buried alive. Dr. Elisha Harris, who is no mean autnoritv, says that tne auto matic motions of the body alter death are very comu.on in cases ot tho Eastern plague. N. Y. Commercial Adotrlisnr. A .Nursery ol Peuil Oysters. It appears from au official report to the Madras Government, on the establishiu"ut ot an experimental pearl oyster nursery at Tuti corin, India, that a series of experiments is in progress there under the superintendence of Captain Phipps, with a view of improving the pearl fisheries of that presidency, Ca;)taiu Phi pi) s will be supplied with six aquaria ot the most improved construction, fitted wiih dark chambers, and provided with acistern and barrel force pumps, so as to tnsuro a constant current of water. In addition to these, a microscope arranged for the observation ol aquatic objects will alo be furnished, iu order that tho food of the pearl oyster tlsh, the phe nomena connreted with the lormati-m of "spat," ".be duration of life, the time of spanning, aad the true cause of the formation of pearl-, may bo carenilly observed. One of the ob jects which the Ma Iras Government ha; iu view is to ultimately establisu pearl nurse ries iu various parts of the presiloncy. ju-rt hs at some pares ot the coa-.t, of England and France bed9 have been established for the at-i i1 c'nd breeding of the common oyster. Men orac tlcally acquainted with the subject are convinced that artificial nurseries are the only means Dy which remunerative pearl fisheries can bs in sured. Dr. Kelaart, who made numerous in veftieations in Ceylon, and who is quoted as an authority in these matters, says that he "sees to reason wby pearl oysters should not live and breed iu artificial beds like the edible oysters, and jleldalurge revenue." In the course ol numerous experiments in Cevlon this gentleman ascertained that pearl oysters are more tena clous of .lie than any other bivalve which be knew; that they can live in brackish water, aud survive in such shallow places thut thev must be exposed lor two or three hours daily to the sun. It would appear, therctore, that'the pro babilities of successfully ruising pearl oysters are much greater than they are iu rearing oy.'ters of tbo common kind. LEGAL INTELLIGENCE. Conrt of Qnnrter NehMion Ju1ro Piorea. lliecaHO of Duuiei MoKonegtil, char jed witha'-au t ai d Lattery and inuylioin. committed on Patrick M'tian, tho trial of wh'uh wus begun vosterii,-, was resumed this morning. I bo nrosecutiou toni tiou tha. he was p avnig und sky arkmg with tho do leni'diit on the 28th of January lust, whoa tho ground teiny slippery, they fjil, 4Vueu tl ey pot U i, tho proaeciitor attempted to jroiaWtty: d ft-ndant caiiphc Ins hand tin 1 uofiinj his little Ui.gcr between his tooth ouofftbe nan and end ot the linper, leaving tbo one exooaed, Tho nij- ry was so serious thut an ampiuuiiQU of tlio jomt alien e ras nfcenaRi y. and tho wound nut hua irg pn pprly, a second mnuumtion became nuert. ury.eo tlit proMicutor lost tho who'e of tin finder, bis'tlis to lig coutlncu under survical t.eatiuout at tlio llo'pi'ul for nine vek. Tho Gt-ler.se denied, in the first place, that the fliiiir was bite ii. and aliened tuat the ilusu wuj nv-rolf lacerated, and that it caino off, "r wns lo-, bv neglect and cureless treat umat. Verdict not puilty. u(l H. Larkins was charged with piuking tho it I. i oi a lady at gu auction sale of luruuuro, in Si' h street, ot S13. Tlie lady missing her money, Lar'ilnn, who had immediately left the store, was putsucd bv a goat li ma u present, ana an overtaken. Ho uuuind the larceny ot the money, bnt said that, to avoid an arre t, be would nay over the amount al eired to bo Iom. hulixfquoi.tlr, to the otliuer he ackunw'odff - d that he hua taken t, but not o much as the lady aliened. Tb Jury convicted. Auiliouy AuifiHtus was ennrioted of tnelarcenv of silver watch, the vroportv of Sir. Doan. The wttoh was louud upou the pcrn of Auiruitui when arretted bv the officer on a diffjrent chuxae. The journeymen plasterers of Memphis, Tone., demand six dollars a day fttter the 10th ui July, THIRD EDITION U ROPE. THE GERMAN WAR CHEAT BATTLE IX BOHEMIA. DEFEAT OF THE PRUSSIANS Austrians Hold the Field with the Dead and Wounded. A PRUSSIAN VICTORY ON THE ELBE. Mantcullel Still Advancing In Saxony. Later Details of the Battle of Custozza. A DIFFERENT STORY TOLD. Tltc Capitulation of the King of Hanover. LATEST COMMERCIAL NEWS. btCi JEZto.. StO. XStO. Et New York, July 10. The steamer City of Lon don bas arrived, with dates to tbo 27ih ultimo. 1'akdubliz, June 27, Evening. Since 10 o'clock this morninir a continuous tire of artillery has been kept up by the Austrian and Pi upsian forces, between Netistadt and Pasloc, in Bohemia. The Prussians were repulsed near Ekalitz, where the cavalry took part in tho action. At 6 o'clock this evening the Prussians weio beaten and are in full retreat, leavinp; their dead and wounded on the field. r.KBLtN, Juno 27, Rvetiina. Tho engagement which took place yesterday at Pasloc, to the cant of Furnan, wai of a very spirited character. and lasted until midniebr. The troops enata?od were the Pru-siiin division under General Pot charaplc. The Prii'"ians lost a colonel, lleuten' ant. and captain. The Prussian Chaaib2r3 will probably ho convoked for the 18th of July. AticoNA, June 27. Twelve Austrian men-of- war, eomprislncr the Austrian fleet, appeared before this port to-day, but are now leaving The Italian squadron are preparing to follow and attack them. Ijkrlu.', June 27, Noon. Last uijrht the Army of the Elbe had a successful encasement near Puritan, taking 7 Austrian officers and 501) pri soners. Bkkne, June 27. The Austrians have returned to the first station on the Stelvio, aud the Italian" have taken up position near the "Poji du JJiable." Prague, Juno 2G. Tho Prussians have da stwned the railroad bridpo between WerJan an 1 (Irossnitz, near Altenberg. The people resisted tho Prussians. The King of Saxouy loft Pra jf to -day. I'rankfobt-on-tue-Main, June 27. Fiitoeii thousand Baden troops are now stationed near Ileidelbrrg aud Warreheim, and will occupy a position between Darmstadt and Franklort, aad will be reiniorced by all tho ava.lablo Federal loires. Florence, June 20. At the bnt'.le of Custozza thcAmtrians numbered 00,000. The 1st Army Coips, In reserve on the hctehta to the left of Viilejio, held in check an overwhelming number of Austrians, belore which General Crauo was fcicod to retire. Bixio's division and the cavalry ol the line protected tho retreat of the army, w bieh was effected in pood order. The Peumeli 1 ivision captured au entire battalion of Austrian chasseurs. The Italian cavalry had tcveral engagements with the Austriaus, who sulfered severely; and the 3d Army Corps lost about 1000 prisoners. The Italian cavalry did not abandon its position, nor were they over come till after the enemy had been reinforce 1. 'oth Italians aud AuHtiians retired from their respective positions. Berlin, June 20. Prussia ha9 acfain offered the King of Hanover an alliance, witn a gu trau tee for his possession of the throne on the basis of Federal reform, and on condition of his capitvlating with the honors of war. It U hoped here tb.it tbe capiculation will take place to-oay. Hie flvlncr corps commanded by Stalber?, advnuciiitf into Bohemia, lost eight men In au enswgeojeat with Ausuhivctz. Pi:sm, June 27. A second cortseript'.on ha been ordered In Croatia. The Cro itian cast dis tneU on the Adriatic have been declarel iu i ftnto ol siege, Coiuiiif rclal Iatlllirce. IlVEr.POOL, Juue28 lho'otton luiirkot tsqulotor n i oue, aud AliiiuluiR Upluud ro quoted at barely I31'11 ... Uiendfltuffn and Provisions quiet. . Lom on. June 28 Lounoln d(i'(487s United S'afos Di C41aMj Jie8bttro,87i8Ji iluuois Central, 'lliB Bank rate ot discount Is unchanged. Borne young men, while bathiug in MoVile bav were attacked by shark. One was b'.t'erj in two and then devoured. The othoraucceeded in ebcaping. A laree number of sharks are be lieved to be visiting Mobile, attracted by tho refuse thrown Into the water. The young man killed was unknown in the citv. He came from rhniiptin. 8. O. He was totally devoured. g with the exception ol a pvrllou of feU :'..Uiiug. FINANCE AND COMMERCE, Offick or Tn Eveniho Telbobaph, ? Tuesday, July 10, 1806. t The Ptock Market opened rather dull this momlnsr, but prices continue steady. Govern ment bonds are In demand at a further ad vance. 5-20s sold at 106, an advanoeof J: and 10 40s at 98 j, an advance of i; 109 J was bid for 6s of 1881? and 103j for 7"30s. City loans are aUo in fair demand. The new issue sold at 97; and the old do. at 93. Railroad shares are dull, with the exception of Reading. About 1500 shares sold at from 53 (5553., a decline ot i; Camden and Amboy sold at 134, no change; and Pennsylvania Railroad at 56, no chance; 38 was bid for Little Schuyl kill; 61J for Lehleh Valley; 43 for Elnnra pre ferred; j5i for Catawlssa preferred; 30J for Philadelphia and Erie; and 43 for Northern Centrnl. In City PaMenger Railroad rhares there Is very little ooi.ig. Hestonville told at 19). 86 wa bid tor Second and Third; 21 for Thirteenth and Fifteenth; 38 for 8pruce and Pine; and 63 lor Chcsnut and Walnnt. Bunk share continue in good demand for in vestment. Firot National sold at 110. 12.2 was lid lor Farmers' and Mechanics'; 64 for Com mercial; 92 for Northern Liberties; 100 for Southward t 93 for Kensington; 53. lor Clrard; 65 mruiiy; 41 ior Lonsoiiaanon; ana 50 for com monwealtb. Pond ohonu nvn flimlo liol.l C.1. t,.tl Vtll Vn i ' . .111111 ..111.1 V.LI 1.1 1. 1111.11 . 1 1 V 111. 111. 11 11 1 1K11. .11.. , for common do,; 58 for Lehigh Navigation; , 19fl for Mnrrla Cnnnl Tirptp.rrwl Mi for Km. quehanua Canal; 56 for Delaware Division; and 67 lor Wyoming Valley Canal. Quotations ot Gold 10J A. M Hgjjll A. M., 149; 12 M.. 148J; IP. M., 149 J. The tew Xort limes this morning says: "Ihe loreign nowi of last night, to Juno 27, from ' Lonnon, was In roxpoime to the acconntB from itim Biuo oi J uud 10, when gold wont up to KBOfcont., on the certainty of tbo coutineutal War. Our I inlmil ki.tM A.VO. 4k.ll ..til t. 11 .1. ..a.- ... I nn.l.m ( 1.I.UU U 1 .. 1 V .UU . V. . . V J J VUW. . U Ull u nun , on a nse ot it ' cenc. iu go. a ana excuame lu Mew , Yoik, anu this result is so much b. tter than louked . fur,that the price hete advauco.l 10 day lroui 105J to lOtij p cent , and told was l o 1J emit, woaker tliau un uturoay. The mieiest m tbo gold room -peculation is tamer than usual, while the movumnt lu lioveroinoot leourttlea, lor Investment and for transmission to kurupe, Is ac lve. aud the specula-' tiou in tne railways (especially Erie common otook) buoyant and prices risinir " . Tlie New York Tribune this morning says: "The money market is more active, and on ealt trokers pay 6 "6 per cout. In commeroiai paper' l h tiautacnoua aru limitod. aud best name are, quoted al 6). aud good at 6.3 pel cent. The oaulc riateuieut rhows a ueorease iu Icu-al-teuuo g of (2 1.81,002, au iiicrease of loaus ot $6,650,605, aua an iucrtutu vf coin ol 2,008,0i8." The Pacific Railroad is now open and run ning 120 miles west from Omaha, and the over landmail stages now start lroui the end ol the rail?, at tu- toAn of Columbus, instead ot from the Mn-Hourl nver ut Atchidou. ThcroisaUoa daily stage over and from the t rninatiou of the lower Iilc ot tbe Pacitic Koad at Topki, IvHiifcas. On the California end, the Pacidc' Railroad lo open to Dutch Flat, 67 miles ironr Sacramento, ana 3416 lect up among the sierras.' Tho quotations for consols and American: securities in London brought by the lasi three steamers were as under: June 21. June 74. Juno 2$. t;onaol SSfCqOf H8fo80(i 8BJ;Sti Unfed States 6 2Un tiU toj or.JwiO 64 ;ojai llhijoir Cotitrul 70 (of - "iliWli 74 (Vt74i Erie nig 41 ijllj 08 ((381 The bnancial advices lrom Germany continue gloomy, and increased depression U antici pated before any marked change lor the better tnKes place. Th? Union Passencer Railway Company an nounces a dividend ot one dollar and fifty cents per t-bare, payable, Iree of tax, on the 16t'h inst, The Northern Bank ot Kentucky announces a semi annual dividend ot 5 per cur., aud an extra dividend of 2 per cent., iu all 7 per cent., payable to I'hiladelphia t-harcholders at the Bulk ol North America, on the llih instant. The Bunk ot Kentucky announces a soml anrmtil dividend it 3 percent., puyaole to Pnila delphia bharcholders at the Bank of North Ame rica on the llih insi. -The Bauk of Louisville will pay a semi annual dividend of 3 per con., free of tax, to f'h luJelplia shareholders ut the Bank of North America, on the 11th inst. 1 l'lULAUKl.l'tllA Sl'UCh. EXCHANGE SALES TODAZ Reported by I Haven Ik bio., Mo. 40 8. Third street. BEI ORE BOARDS. 800 sh St Nicholas Coal 8J MUST BOAttJJ ?200 C 8 6-208. C2... 106 6C0 su Keadinf. lc00 do o.lWJ SfjiOO Pa 6s . . . .coup b5 tf:-:U00 I'hii ba.cew... 07 4t0 do Wl SoOCiO C 8 l'J-40s 88 J fclu(,0 ."ch Nav s 82. 79 U0 Lou Nav 6s 84a 86J 4U(:0 C & A 0s 80. . 05 60 N Penn 10 p cl 88 40l 0 ixhuil V6s... 91 $1100 do 02 600 sh btMtu Coal.. 2 04 4r0sh do 204 100 a 'i do D80. 631 100 sh 200 sh 100 sh do. ...slO.. 63i ao 631 do b'ii do 633 do o 685 100 sh 100 sh 4 sh Com & Am... 134 100 sh bcuNv of. 1.60 85 J 12 sh Pciina It. .... 66 8ih do 66 lOsulst Nat liunic.lW 200snP.;s; Mt'n..uOO 6 100 sh Uestonviue K 19 100 eh do 2-91 Messrs. Dellaven & Brother. No. 40 South Third street, make the following quotations of the rates ol exchange to-day at IP. M. : auymq veiling, American Gold lWi Ainc-ncan Mivcr, j.i aua js. ... i&t dmiiiound lntonw-t Notes: June. ' io. . 12? 12! 1 61 13 m 12 11 10 8 6J 6i July. 1804. . August, 1H04. .. October, 1S-11... Dec, 18iH... Way. .1815... August, .. Sept., 18-.... )ctoher lH-ij. .. f Philadelphia Trade Report. Tuesday, Julv 10 Supp iri ct Flour, and all defc iptioLS of breads ufl', continuo to come far ward slowly, and tne oolrs are reduced to very low lUurcs. Ttiuro is uo export demand, and the home irade purchase m small loti to supply foime dmto wants at full piicos. Salos of superttue at $J 8 15; 800 Lbs. exiras at 50rf3-75j 200 001m. Noittt wutern at10lor extras.and il' 12 for extra family; 4(0 hbls. JMinsylvama and Ohio uo. do. at811-6J 13 50; and lancy brands at Uipiier prices, a iu qualitr- Kye F:our and Corn Meal uo chaaxe to UOtiO. ' !:, Ti o Wheat uniket continues in ihe name Inactive gtulo rotpfl vestordav, and t)nc bav deollnM. HuUis ot 1000 bushel ntw Delaware red at 2 80.'S 2 t6 and 4000 bushes do, to arrive, on secret turuis. Notlimc coinir in white, and prow uro nominal. '1 h recelut of Rye continue small, and the duruand lxliuiiu d. We quote at hi 20,al 26 t buauol. The offl'i-iLcs of Com are sniall, aud vollow is in fair request, with aie.f at 1 C8, and 6000 badiols Wthteru mixed at H7u9Ro Oat aro uncnanired. Wofjnoie Western at6i55o., anJ Pe na,vnia at C7n,Ko . Wolskyls dull Sruall sa'os or Pennsylvania at 2-232-24, aud Ohio al i2 29. The latier l sciMoe. Nambh. In the little village of Blakenney, lu Gloucestershire, England, there are three per fons, living in three lollow.ng houses, and whose names are Steele, Penn, and Ilohjer, respectively.