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TTI15 DAILY EVENING- . TKtEGR AP1T. PnTLADKLrnTAl SATURDAY. JANUARY 5, il8CT.
TIIE HEW YOEK r3E33. 2DITORIAL OPINIONS 0? THE LEADING JOURNALS UPON CURRENT TOPICS. OOMFILKD rrfBT PAT IfOB AVKEitb'O TRLKORAPH. i : : Arm"tnt und Dhtrmtmtul.' 1 From (h Jndfiycndcnt. , Xbucjdidcs, t Uic'oppu'ins' of his blutory, dales the period when the Athenians became a civilized people from the time hcn they ceased to wear arms as a part of tholr flatly dres And equipment. The same tct holds good now as much m in the days of Pericles and Solon. Ttie Northern State", as ft general rule, vindicate their title to be civilized communities by the fact that the great macs of their Inhabitants trust for their personal protection to the arm of the Commonwealth. The Southern States can never claim a rank above thHt of semi barbarlous tribes as long asallmobgo armed, and take justice, Injustice oftener, Into their own hands. There Is no surer touchstone of true civilization, alter , all, than this. For civilization implies the lodg ing of the power of defending rlR-uts and re dree'tnpr wrongs in the hands of the State, aud the resignation of the exercise of this power, originally vested In each Individual, by all its constituent members. Then every citizen or subject can possess his soul In peace.Jaud can pursue the works of peac, from which proceed . all tbe refinements of science, of art, of luxury everything; that constitutes the glory of a civilized nation. It is with tbe nations, thus made up of civil ized men, in the great lepui'licof nations, a with , tbe irdividual inhabitants of each. Togo un armed, whenever the time shall come of dis armament, will be the true proof of the highest . civilization, and until then the perfect triumph f civilization cannot be -had. for there is no distinction between true civilization and true Christianity, and 'the one must be imperfect ' nntil it coniorms itself to the image of the other. .. And we may hope that this day may come sooner than the millennium, when swords and spears are to be beaton into ploughshares and prunti;g;books. Disarmament will not imply the denial of tuerlhtof self-defense, but only the placing it on its true and mot effectual foot ing. In this particular w e have given profita ble lessons to the world, both before our late ' war and since It ended. Practically we were an unarmed nation when the war began. ' Our army and navy were scarcely appreciable quantities six years ago. ' And it was on this ground that the Rebels and their European allies founded their confidence of victory. We were without soldiers, arms, or ships. We looked like an example to warn all nations never to be caught without a great mili tary and naval establishment. But as soon as Edmund Rullin fired tbe first gun at Sumter (an act ot treason for which he sensibly enough went out and hanged htmsell) armed men sprung out of the ground, ship rose like exha lations out of the sea, and we soon had the most powerful army and navy in the world. This was an astonishment to the natives but greater yet was the ease with which these banded armies melted back into tbe mass of the population, and went about their business as if they had never seen a squadron set on the field, or knew the division ot a battle more than a spinster. Our destruction was then sure to come upon us, thought they. But we resolutely declined being destroyed. Now, the armies of Europe are really wuat jenerson (or some one else) said of the slave: ''They are tbe wolf had bv tbe ears, but which can neither be held nor let go." The mode of tilling these armies is just now the problem which perplexes monarchs. it is assumed mat tney must all have armies: but how to contrive to make them com. oatible with public safety and general prosperity is the question. In France "the conscription is the source of the. army., Everv Prrucliman, at the aae of twentv. is liable to the conscription. "which, bitngs over the heads of the classes wno "ear.not ftHord tbe commutation like a -drawn . sword. , Thn conRcriDt is taken from his fnmilv. from -' his pursuits, from bis prospect, and obliged to erve for seven years in anr part of tbe world . that la Oloire may need his arm. He becomes necessarily a soldier, and DOthing else; and half a million of such men are a two-eajed sword, which may harm the band that hold it as well as tbe enemy. By tbe Prussiau system, all its people are required to serve for a term of three years; but their service is limited to tbe pro vince. Their fellow-soldiers are their neighbors, and they are never tar removed froni their homes. The French soldier can hardly be anything but a soldier. Tbe Prussian is both ' citizen and soldier in one. Hence the strength ot Prussia in the late war. For in time of war, of course, the army must go where it is wanted during its term ot service. Ttiis ejstem, or a modification of it. Bona parto baa proposed introducing into France, so as to give him a force of twelve hundred thou sand men. But the patient camel grew restive at the prospect of this back-breaking addition to its burden, and tbe despot has had to yield to the people. In England recruiting is purely voluntary, and the numbers volunteering are . daily diminishing. The various openings to labor of a more profitable kind offered to the 1 classes from which enlisted men are drawn, block the way of the recruiting sergeaDt. Any system of conscription is aohorrent to the British mind, and especially to the oligarchic mind, as anv such would destroy the mononnlv the higher classes now have of the commissions, and open promotion to the rr,uks. We did not use to sympathize with the spread- ' eagleiBcu which set up the United States as tbe model republic. As long as slavery was pro . tected under the folds of its flag, we were in clined to think that it wu rather the warning of the world than tbe model. But now that we have shaken our banner free from that coiling serpent, we are not ahumed to hold It up as a symbol of the belter time coming. Aud our example iu the matter, both ot ariuatneut and disarmament, has been one t'aat tbe other na tions of the earth may well take to heart. We , have proved, what indeed our old revolutionary war and the wars of the French Revolution . have shown too, that the practice of war is not essential to the excellence of armies. Given reasonably good oflicers, men very soon learn all that is necessary of the discipline and details of the camp and of the field. It must be owned that it does seem as If man were born a fighting animal, from the readiness with which he learns and practises the trade. And we have also showu that campaigning tor a limited and specific purpose does not until men for the pursuits of civil life. But then, to fulfil Hits condition, there must have been pursuits ot civil life before the call to arms. We see all round us men practising law, engaged in trade, ploughing tbe land, making shoes, painting houses, aud the like, who have seen more fight ing than Wellington ever did. But then they could do these things first. Tbe solution o I this problem lies in one word educatiou. Prussia, and much more ourselves, have shown that intelligence is the true soul of nn army, as of a State, and that the school-house is a much better preparation tor war thau fighting itself. When, education shall be general aud intelli gence developed, armament will be easy and disarmament safe. Thaddeue Steveus. Vom Ihe Tribune. The contest for the Senatorship in Pennsyl vania has a national significance. We have not ventured to speak, became we have always felt that tbe Btates should settle these matters for themselves, without outside Interference. But v iu Pennsylvania the Republican party seem to have duty, from which It would be ti raid to shrink, and that is the election of Mr. Stevens s the successor of Mr. Cowan. We are not unmindful of the cluims of Mr. Cameron, Gov eruor Curtln, Colonel Forney, and Mr. Grow. Mr. Cameron has beeu a good Republican, and fli dnp; tbe War was considered quite radical. Governor" Curtiu, n the Chief Executive o( the great Htate of Pennsylvania, showed loalt.y and energy, t ew uepuniicao traders nave been more courageous than Colonel Forney. He bus done trui; set vice lor tbo Republican paitylu" fenuflylvsniH, and did much to elect G?afy. W regret that he has retired from the canvas. .Hhougb moat probably his retirement now will make him astiong candidate of the party when it cornea to elect the Miccs.-or ot tbe silent Mr. Bi:okalew, tfvo years hence. Mr. Grow enters tbe canvass with all the vigor of 1861, when he stood among the rUing statesmen, of the Re publican pai ty. .. . We atlll think, with all appreciation of the services ot the distinguished gentlemen named, that Thaddctis R'eveiiS bhonid be elected Sena tor from Pennsvlvanta. We say thin of Mr. Stevens, although perhaps we havehad as many differences with him as with any of our lesderH, Our ways have been apart at time. But in choosing a Senator it Is not wise to select mere politicians who to-dav co this road, and to-mor row another, like shins at sea. who wait for i wind and current. It is this foolish temporiz ing, this accepting of men who talk ludly, in preference to the sturdy and patient soldier who bas stood true to bis guns for years, that de stroys the integrity of a party. It is not much to be a Republican to-day. We take with u now the driftwood and scum. But it wan something to be a lover of freedom and protec tion forty yars ago. For forty year Thwddeus Stevens bus been the champion of freedom and piotection. He ha'i stood by our party when tl as a corporal's guard ; he leads it now when its column cover the nation. It is said that Mr. ftteveus In too old. We wii-h one-half of his colleagues were as young. Venice found a savior iu the great Dandolo, and did not feel that bis years prevented htiu Iron, defending' the gonfalon ol St. Mark's. Pennsylvania need not hesitate to crown with high honors her most illustrious son. Tbe Republican prty will always be strong when its captains are selected "i'rom veterans who have t-erved it as earnestly and wisely as Tiiad deus yteveus. . The Amendment at the North. From the Timet. The Executives of three great States have delivered themselves ot opinions on the pend ing Constitutional amendment. New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, each has spoken through its Governor: und the tone of their utterances well merits the attention of theSouthera States. Tbe first point that must challenge notice is the utter absence of malignity on the part of those whose position entitles, thcin to speak in behalf ol the Northern people. Neither Gov ernor Fenton, nor Governor Curtin. ncr Gov crner Cox gives expression to aught that can be construed into har.-bness or malevolence. The fiendish hatred ot which Wendell Phillips is h recognized exponent holds no place in tbe messages of the turee Governors who have respectively commended tue amendment to the prompt consideration ot their Legislature?. Tho bitterness which tho South associates with, tbe demand lor the ratiticutioa of tbe amend ment has no warrant in aught that Governor Fenton addressed to the legislators of this State. Nor dots Governor Curtin or Governor Cox say anything which the most ingenious torture can pervert into evidence of injustice. On the contrary, the amendment Is commended be cause of its moderation, It is submitted for ratification on the ground that while it seeks to extort nothing like humiliation, it impo-.es terms which are essential to the assurance of peace and unity in the nation. The general idea expressed is, that the terms are as liberal as is compatible with the ends attained by the war; and that tbe sincere desire of the North is that, by the acceptance of these terms, the South shall render har-her measures unnecessary. Governor Feutou is explicit as to the sufficiency of the amendment for purposes of restoration. Bcjond this he says, substantially, the North has pronounced no preference. At the same time it is impossible to glance through the messages of the three Governors, as reported, without arriving at the conclusion that the North is thoroughly in earnest in its approval of the amendment, as an embodiment of the mostliberal terms that will ever beotfered by the victorious States to the conquered South. Their duty, in view of the late elections, is offi cially to interpret the popular verdict; and while their language relieves the people from the imputation ol vindictiveness, it is unmis takable in regard to the firmness which marks the temper of the North. No persecution they say, in substance no cruelty towards those whom tbe chances of war have placed at our mercy: but, on the other hand, no puerile concession, no surrender of results at tained, no retracing of ground that has beeu already won. The position, as the three Governors state it, is briefly this: The North, bv virtue of its right as the victor in the battle-field, submits the amendment as the embodiment of the least ex acting terms which, in its judgment, are e seu- i tial to national peace and unity. If the South ' accept these terms well: The great obstacle ! to restoration will have been removed, and the ; South will have iu its power the means of re suming its active Influence in the national legis- lature. But if the South, despite all appeals and til warnings, remains obstinate and un- ; yielding if, on the score of pride or passion, it retuae to ratify the amendment which is ottered for its acceptance the course of tbe governing States is plain. They will take no step back wards. They will give up none of the princi ples, none of the advantages which the war bas established. And they will take their own method of enforcing the conditions that must precede the re-establishment of recognized authority at the South. One of the points incidentally mooted by Governor Curtiu should warn the Southern States of the fate that is in reserve for them if they disregard the warnings of the time. According to Governor Curtin, the voice of the excluded States counts as nothing for or against the amendmei t. To render it efficacious the ratification by three-ionrths of the Slates now represeuted in Congress is all that is necessary. The proposition is not original in this instance. But it is significant of a view which U not desti tute ot plausibility, and which Implies the reduction of the now ecluded States to some thing resemblrrg a territorial condition. If the South is wise It will not be indifferent to these manifestations of Northern opinion. Concerniug the statements of newspapers it may be in doubt, but the averments of three Governors ought not to be passed over without candid considerations. Currency Dodges. From the Tribune. When Congress resumes business, we may look for new and old devices for prolonging and p?r petuating a vicious and unsound currency by the infinite dodges and sleigh t of-baad tricks f vicious aud unsound legislation. When, in the agony of our great struggle, we were driven to the desperate resort of making the promises of our Government a legal-tender for the sums specified on their face, no one suggested or Imagined that this was to be justified otherwiso than by dire necessity, or endured oue moment longer than necessity should compel. The notice that the people might be enriched by the persistent use ot "a laise balance" in the pur chase and sale of their products and commodi tiesby the compulsory employment of a dollar In their dealings which would be worth trom forty to ninety cents according to circumstances, and which the tricks of gold gamblers and kite flyers should cause to fluctuate in value from dav to dav is ot far more recent origin. The "legal-tender" paper dollar has served its purpose, Born of our national agony, it should Lave died with It. There is not a finan cier lit to manage the smallest village bank who does not know that the Government might have resumed specie payment directly after the sur render of the Rebel armies far more easily then than now, or hereafter. Of course, some high-flying speculators would have keen pinched, as many more wUl be whenever we move in clment towards resumption; but the country wonld have imported two or three hundred mil lions' worth less of foreign ware and fabrics since May, 1HG5, than It has done, and would have exported less of our national debt by the like amount.. Tho sale since peace of our Gov ernment bonds to European capitalists at fifty to seventy-five rente on the dollar, to be paid in full, principal and interest, by our children and grandchildren, is one of the direct and disas trous result of our insane peralBteuce in the use of a fallacious, Juggling currency. i We aie cppocf to all the bills now before Con mess, or yet to be prosontfld, Khicb aim at the perpetuation of an irredeemable currency. They are all wrong in purpose; so lhat they can not be other than unsound in their provisions. Ail tbe legislation now needed ts a short act ot this tenor: "A bill to provide tor the Resump tion of Specie Payment. 1. The Secretary of the Treasury Is bercbv authorized to borrow, from time to time, at the most fnvoraole rates which may be attainable by advertising for bids in open market, such sums as mny be necessary to enable him to resume and maintain specie payment." Armed with the power thus given him, let the Secretary simply give public notice that the treasury notes and postal currency (ugh! ) of the United States are henceforth redeomaolo in coin when presented in even $100's at tbe Treasury of tLe United States in Waahtuorton, between the hours of I'l aud 2 P. M. of eah business day, and that said treasury notes and postal currency will hencelorth be received as coin In all puv ments to the United States, whether tor duties on imports or otherwise Well why not? . Ijo you sny that everybody would rush to the Treasury for specie? Wnt woi;ld be the motive, the inducement T The gold-gtrobkr's occupation would be gone trom the moment that notice was given. Tho two' or three hundred millions of gold or silver coin or bursi.ow Ijing dead in the country would at once be added to our circulating medium. The one hundred million per annum that our miues are produrlng nnd which every year is inci easmer would all be money instead of merchandise from the hour of its coinage, if no sooner. The one hundred millions ot specie now held by tbo Government might at first be heavily drawn upon: but to what eud ? The gold so drawn would not be annihilated, and precious little of it would go out of the country; lor prices would fall, and importa tions be light for some time after resumption. Those who drew the aold from tbe treasury would not annihilate it; w ben they found that they had not broken the Government, they would very soon want to set it to earning tueiu something. Being just equal in value to green backs or national bank notes, and not halt so convenient for business uses, it would either run back into the Treasury or And its way into tbe . banks: which, beluar authorized to pav ' their notes in sreenbacks. would generally pre fer these to coin, though they would keep both for the accommodation of tbetr customers. Never was it easier to maintain specie payments in this country than now. It ts sheer cowardice nay, it is knavish, gambling speculation that makes a busaboo of resumption. We do not need any currency tinkering any arbitrary withdrawal of greenbacks or of Na'ional Dank notes. Make tbe National Banks redeem their nots at par at some central point; redeem the greenbacks in gold where any one chooses to present tbem, and tbe currency may be snlely left to regulate its ;lf. If the National Banks shall prove iiDound, tho people will re tuse their notes and Torce them into liqui dation; it preenbacks are not as good as gold, they will follow the bank notes. But this will tot be, simply, because our exlstln? currency needs but specie payment aDd . ceutral redemp tion to make it the best in the world. We, tor example, are doing a business of $1,000,000 per. annum, which would hardly be done at all on a purely specie curreucy. Both greenbacks and National Bank notes, being redeemable at par, are better to us than gold we should probably never present a dollar of either for redemption. I And what U true of our business is true of most other peoples' Even if some competent Court should decide that the war and its necessities being ended legal-tender is no longer legal, it would be of no practical consequence; for the greenbacks would thenceforth circulate on their merits, not by virtue of Government compulsion. In Montana, Nevada, Idaho, and Colorado, they would often, if not always, command a premium over gold, because equally valuable and far more convenient for remittance. Whether there is too much, too little, or lust enoueh currency in the country, resumption woald speedily determine; and if foreigners (as is absurdly imagined) should see tit to send our bonds home and sell them at a sacrifice for gold (as they can do now or at any time), why so much the better. Belter pinch ourselves a little to pay tbem now et a heavy discount than be obliged to pay them ultimately in full. Oh for courage and foresight Iu the regulation and management of our currency! The War Cloud iu the East. 'rom the Utrald. The clouds of war which lately convulsed Central Europe with their thunder have scarcely passed away before another cloud arises in the East. Tbe world moves rapidly nowadays. Steam and electricity seem to exercise a won derful quickening lnfiueuce in the moral and political world as well as in the physical. No "thirty years'" war is possible now. Empires are overthrown or created in a few days. In stitutions crystallized by time, and fortified by the genius and labors of a hundred generations, are swept away like cobwebs. Conservatism will soon become an obsolete word. Progress, either in remodelling the ancient order of things or In creatins a new one, is tbe controlling idea of the age, and no institutions thai stand in the way can long exist. Tue Turkish empire in Europe stands in the way ot this progress ot tbe march of kuropeau civilization, and its fate is sealed. Feudalism received Us deathblow at the birth of the great American republic, and in the icvolutions which upheaved society al the close of the last and the beginning ot the present century. Although a remnant still remains in Great Britain and in some parts ot the Euiopean Con tinent, it is greatly modified and controlled by the popular voice, and is last dying out. Tbe idea of government by divine right or by privi leced orders has become obsolete. Everywhere tbe principle of selt-governruent, as recognized by conceding the right ol'sullrace to tue peo- by c rue. is acknowledged. Serfdom is abolished in Russia, aud that great empire is closely follow ing tue progressive civilization of Ceutral and Western Euione. Priestly domination, which has been enthroned a thousand jearsatthe ancient cnpital ot the world, has fallen with the temporal power of the Papacy through the piogrers of libeial ideas. Even the most bieoted rclieious populations are emancipating themselves from priestly inlluences. All over Europe, except in Turkey, tbe spirit of progress is changing the face aud condition of society. We see, however, in the fairest portion of Europe, washed by the Mediterranean, the Adiiailc, and the Euxlne.and traversed in partby the Danube, iu the laud of ancient historic greatness and genius, whore the arts of war and peace attained their hiahest development we see in that beautiful and fruitful country a semi barbarous and anti-Christian Government inimi cal to Ihe enlightened progress of the age. It is under the blighting rule ol the O'tomaus. Ma hometHnism, with its effete institutions, cruel desrotism, blind intoleiance, and paralyzing fatalism, stands as an insuperable barrier toiin irovemtnt. Worse than that, taere are eleven millions of Christians who have to bear the yoke ot this Infidel power of a Government more suited to the deserts of Arabia or the interior of Africatban to civilized turopo. Such a state ot things ts a strange anomaly lu these enlightened times. Can we be surprised, then, at the insurrection in Candia, at tbe intense excitement aud move ments in Greece and at the mutterinss of tevolt in Servia and among other Christian popula tions of European Turkey f It is said iu Western Europe that Russia secretly foments these iu suriectiouary movements amoug the ('hristiau subjects of the Porte to promote her own ambl Hons ends. There may b1 some truth In thin, and it ts quite natural that the people of Russia sbovlJ jmpathi7:e with their co-relipionif,ts under Mahometan rule. Mill we know that Russian influence and progress In the East is tbe bugbear o'' . the . prep and .statesmen of Furope, und pi England and France in partidu lnr, and the action of Russia, if there be any, may be niuch exaggerated. Apart, however, fioiu Russian des gns or action, theie is ample 'csose; a we have shown, for revolution 1 among tbe Cbrtf tian subjects of the Sultan, it . . The gieatest cOorts are being made by several ol tbe powers ot Europe to keep insurrectionary movt-mcnts In check and to maintain the In tegrity of th Turkish empire. Encland and France, as every one la aware, mule war on Russia a few years ago, in what ia railed the Crimeau war, to suslam the Julian against sup rost d danger Irom Rr.ssia. That war did ctve strength for a few jears to the Ottomin Govern ment Had Turkey not been sustained by inch powerful toielen aid, her rule In Europe would have been utterly destroyed. To two cf the greatest Christian powers must be ascribed the continuance ot the b'igbting Influence of Mahometan rule overt lpven millions of Chris tians, and over the fairest portion of Europe. But, alter a tew ears, the results of that costly and bloody war in the Crimpa are being effaced by tbe fresh levival of the "Eastern questloa." It is in tbe nature of things irrepressible it can not be kept down. Whether Russia does In trigi e . or not in tbe affairs ot the Christian population of Tuikey, these popu lations and the Christian world will never be satisfied till the Ottomans' are driven out. There will be insurrectior.s, and this will be the end in spite of armed evolutions or diplomatic niniiouvrirg. , Every day we are receiving some news by the Atlantic cable or by mail about that part or the world. It has become, really, the prominent question of tbe day. France and England have frowned at tbo Cretans and warned tbe Greeks, BLd they are watching tbe Russians with intense interest. But all this does not appear to pre vent the determined resistance of tbe Christiau subjects of Turkey to Ottoman rule, and cannot long pie vet, I the breaking-op of the Turkish empire. European powers are evidently atraid of tbe movement. With tbem humanity, liberty, relision, civilization, proaress, or any thing else, is made subservient to the political question to the balance or preponderance of power la and along the Mediterranean, the Dardanelles, tbe Euxine, and the Adriatic. The international question is tbe paramount one. Under theso circumstances tbe - question naturally arises, what will bo the end ot this complication f , Will the powers ol Western Europe, will Fiance aud England, again draw the sword to maintain tbe Ottoman Government on the European continent? England is unwilling to take such a step, and therefore, hopes to stave off the troub'c, thoutrh she has, or believe she has, the greatest interest at stake. She dreads having her empire in India exposed through the advances of Russia in that direction; but she is tired of war, and feels the necessity of peace. Fiance has less at stake, but is more active, and may be disposed to go farther, from an inherent pride of meddling in or reguia'ing the a flairs of Europe. Austria would probably join another EnclisL-French alliance, if that could bo formed, with the hope of checking Russia on her border, of preserving herself, and, if possi ble, ot gaining a portion of tbe erlocts of tbe sick man. But it is doubtful whether another Bllitnce can be formed poweiful enough to save Turkey. In tbe extremity of. tho case, a general Eu ropean Congress may meet - and create inde pendent governments in European Turkey. This might avert a general aud great war. If the question cannot be settled by a Congress, one of two things most occur, either a great w ar or the advance of Russian power towards tbe Mediterranean a and Golden Horn. 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Equal In Quality to the Best Brands, Tbe Company baa taken great pama and nvested rt.e capital In fitting up their lactory, ana now ask the AQ-cjlcao public to alve their pencil! a lajr trial. All Styles and Grades are Manufactured. Clieat care haa been bestowed to Ihe manufacturing ot 8111K10K HiXAOO DhAVt 1G I'tNtlLS. pa cial y prepared lor tbe use ol Engineers, Architect, artiHta, etc. a complete esFcrtment, eonstantlr on band Is offered at lair termi to the trade at their Wholesale Bulcjioom No. 34 JOHN Street, New York. 1 be Ptncl'i ere to be bad ot all principal Stationers and Motion liealera Afk for auericun Lead Pencil. I'll fmwSm J. II. BURDSALL'S CONFECTIONERY, ICE CRKAM No. 1121 AND DINING SALOONS, CHESNUT St., GIRARD BOW. FRUIT AND FOUND CAKES of all szs, with a lame assortment of CQHFECUOKERY, etc., torthe HOL1DAYH. 12 18 1mrp N1TFD STATES REVENUE STAMPS. principal Hepot, So. Mi CHESS fT r Street Central in put, Vo. llitf. n IT 1 H Street oue door below Chesnut. FalablUbed IHOI r Beverue Slumps ol every deacrlp; Ion constantly on Hand in any amount Oroers by Wall or Express prompt.? attended lo. V. CHEAPEST I 40V H Sixth StJgOv Jl WATCHER JEWELRY ETC is UDonus&co. rniAIIOM) DEALERS A JEWELERS. W ATCIIH, JKKi.MV a SIMF WnK. .WATCHE3 and JEWELRY REPAIRED,. J09 Chwrr'at Bt. Thlla CHRISTMAS HOLIDAY AND 1 nniDAL I'ltES K N T s. Have on band large and beanurol Mflortment ol tebfa. Jewelry, ant Silverware, ultable lor Curtet n is HoiMav and Bridal l'tM. ' . I'articalar attention lolloited to car large iMortment of Mamondi and Watches, Gold Chaint iorladleand penthnienl wear, aluo, Bleeve Bnttona, 8tud,' au4 teal Hlopi, In great variety, sal ol the newest rtjlee. ' FANCT SIIVEn-WAHE, tSPECIALLY 6VITED FOR BRIDAL GIFTS. ' We are dally rereMrifr new pooda. aetectod exorew'r for tlie holiday nali a. Our price will h found at low. It not lower, than the same quality can be purchased elxi where , , l nichaem Invited to e1t ' 1 ' . IHatDonrtu and all pieclooa atone. aUO. old Gold and PI ver, pnrokHacd or taken In exchange. 1 ,H4p' U1U1STJMS! W. W. CASSIDY. Ko, 1 SOl'TH SECOND STREET Ofcrs en enttiely new end moet carefully selected stock ot AMERICAN AND GENEVA WATCHF.a, JEWELRY, SILVERWARE, and FAHCY ARTICLES Or EVERY DEBCRH'TION, suitable for BRIDAL OR HOLIDAY PRESENTS. An examination will thow my atock to be uniur- pamed In quality and ebeapneae. rartlcn'ar attention paid to repairing. BOWMAN' & LEONARD. M AHlTACTUHERd OF a so WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DKALEB IK Silver and NO 704 Sllvcr-riulcd Goods, ARCH 6TRG E T, rniADKLrniA. Thoae In want ot SILVER or BITiVER-FT.ATED VVAK1-. frill fiud It much to their advantage to vlalt our Ml UK beiore mamng ineir purcna.e. uur ious experience Id the m.nuiaclure ot the above kinds ol Scxide enable e na to deiv competition. V) t keep uu toons but Uiuae whlcn are of the FTBHT r own make, and will be aold at reduced prices. GO Lai ge and email aire, playing irom t to 12 aire, and coating from Jto 1 900. Our assortment comprise such choice melodies as 'Home, Sweet Home 'The Last Rose or Bummor. "Auld Lang Syne." " 'Star Spangled Banner." "My Old Kentucky Borne, "etc eto. Beside beautlml (elections (Turn tbe various Operas Imported direct, and for sale at moderate price, by FARR A BROTHER, Importers of Watches, etc., 11 llnnlhtrp No. ?M CHEHKTJT St.. below Fourth. & K0LIDA1 rilESEATS. i - JACOB HARLEY, (SUCCESSOR TO STATJFFES & HARLEY), No. 02Q MARKET ST. A fine assoilment ol Welches, Diamonds, Jewelry, Silver and 6 liver-1 loted Waie, suitable for Holiday end Bildal Present. 12 11 tuthslm S I LV ER-WARE FOR BKIDAL PRESENTS. G. RUSSELL & CO., No. 23 North SIXTH St., Invite attention to their ChOlce6tock of SOLID SILVER-W ARE, suitable lor ClllUbl M A and BE I DAL VRr.tKNlS. ibM HENRY HARPER, 3 INo. i-0 ARCH Street, U anuiacturer and Dealerlo Watches lrine Jewelry, Silver-Plated Ware, AA'D Solid Kil ver-Ware. EIUH JEWELRY. JOHN BRE NN AN, DEALER IN DIAMONDS, FINE WATCHES, JEWELS T Etc Etc. Etc. 9 80S 13 B. I5IGIITH ST.. PHIL.AUA. JJOUSE-FURNISIIINQ GOODS. EXCELLENT OPPORTUNITY BARGAINS, TO SECU3B To close the estate oi the laic JOHN A. MURPHEY. Impotter and Dealer in I10CSK-FUB.NISIIINO GOODS, No. 03 OUESNUT STREET, between Ninth end Tenth, South Bide, Phlla. Ills Administrators now offir the whole stock at prices beiow the ordinary rates charged. This stoca eiubraoea everv lhioH wanted in a neil-cidred household i Plain Tin 'Ware. Uroues, Wooden Ware, lia.aeca. Platud Ware, t'utlery. Iron W are. J spanned Waia, and Cook Id L'tensLsoreverr deriptlon. . A meat variety of SllAKaB OOODR. B1BD-CAOES, etu. oio.. ran be obtained on the most teasonable terms GENUINE ARC110 BEERluEital'Oiid and WA1EB co r it A tltie anaortroent of PAFIER M ACDB GOOD?. 'i ll I. in. i.rueat retail establiahmeut in tbia line in Philadelphia and olliona aud straukers will tlnd it to their advauiav e to examine our stock beiore purcbaslnir. Note. Our Irlenils in theoountrr mav order by niail. aud prompt attfotlon v. Ill be alven. 141 t U4U A I.I. PERSONS WHO DO NOT ENJOY XA- the bless ng of good helta.n obtain relief bv COUHU1I1UK iff. . II r.i.ii, , v.w uibu yuriivwa, irg Klnkeliu treats all O'w ane. prepare aud ailin misters his own medicines. Tbey are pure, sale, and reliable He tuvlirsali mon sufleilna tiom diseaue to call on hlin. Cunaultation free durlna tho day, and oitloe. open till tio'ciick In the evenlna. N. W. corner ol TliiKD and IN ION Street, between ttpruoe and Pine streets. 14801 QKNTS' I'URNIE-HINa GOODS PillHTS UAPF. OF Nf ft OTtK., fcUlW eftldLttf cu Til psmii price f i' MUK'rs A1R Of WAMSUfTA MtJLI!f al $ " uoual price liuin en in i n ou unna mu nin'if, to onier A liberal deduction to whf.eale trul VS'H KM. HIlAKt R. AM) CANTON FT.A BUHL, n Dl'.KRUlHTK AKi KBAWKRt, lUlr nn qnoHtle. ni R ., HFKPKFUliKS, etc.. m great atle'r, und t ieaaooa'4e prices. ... ... -.. CUSH'o T. L. JACOBS. No. l'4f. CHESNUT Street. J I C II. A R D E A Y R E, . Otnfcara lth J. Burr Moore A JobaC. Anlana). HAS OMKKP At Ko. 68 X. SIXTH 6 U,, below Arch, PuOadelnbua Wkre be lntenda to keep variety Pt C4ENTS' FUHBilglllNU GtOOD!, And tb manufacture tbe Improved . ; . ., l' i I10l'I.lICH.KAM SHIRT, Invented kr J. Bnrr Moore, which tor cm and com toitcanaot be aurpaaKed. , - rt JJ. . BUTLEE, MEN'S FURNISHING.' GOODS Ho. 142 South EIGH1H St. 12 ' ' W. SCOTT - G O SHIB.T Jtf A2IUFACTrd3S3, SJ O t CAMERA Ik MKN'S FURNISHING GOOD J Ko. 814 CHE3JIUT Street, FOliR 1)00 H3 BELOW TEE OOSTIirErfTAl 8S7KP t&LLAU&LFULkw pATENT SIIOULDEE-3EAM SHIRT, MANUFACTORY. AND GENTLEMEN'S FURMSimiCt STOEa. I EUFECI FITT1KO IsaiBI"- AND ' DEAWUtt made irom measurement at Tfrr short tioe.' All etber articles of OLMUlMia t LHJKb3 QOOtM in lull variety. WINCHESTER St CO.. II IS No. 709 CUESMUr Uureotl . QENTS' FURNISHING GOODS. F. HOFFMAN, JR., (Late O. A. Hoffman, successor to W. W. Kuaht,) . FLNE 6H1UT8. AJSD WBAPPEIld, HOBIEBY AND OLOVEH, 611k, Lambs' Wool, a Merino UNDER-CLOTHING. 10 f tilth - . liO. 8'4 AUCB Street. LUMBER. "I QAT SELECT WHITE PINE C0A.RD;i XOU I . AND PLANK. 4-4. 5-4 6-4. S. l. S an 4 Inch. CHOICE PANEL AND Int COMMON, lBfeetlonn 4-4, 0-4, 6-4, a. 2H, and 4 Inch WHITE, P1JSKPANEL PATTERN PLANK LALGE AND BWFEIUOU STOCK ON BAND 1867 B V I L O I N G ! BrjILDINQ Bl'ILDINU! LU BEB I LUalBEKt LUMBERI! , H tlKUUHA Jl.UUlliKO. R-4 CAROLINA KLoOKlNO. ' 4-4 Di LAWAKE FLOOK1NO. (-4 DELAWARE FLOORING). WHITE TINE FLOOKLNQ ASH ELOORINO. L WALNUT FfcOOttlBft. 8PKUUE FI.OOBINU. STEP BOABD0. BAIL PLANK. FLlbTEKINO LATH 1867; OEDAB AND CfPllGHli BE1NULER. LONG CEDAR 8HrVQr.RH . fcHOKT CEUAK HUlNuLEg. COOpI.K bHINOLEH. FLNE ABBOHTMENT I OK 84 LB No. 1 (H)iH LOOS AND I'OwTM. No. 1 CEDAR LOG8 ANO P08TS i GV7 l-UM BEH FOB UNDEETAKEKHI i.OU I LCUBER FOK UNDKHTAKEBljU KK.D (UliU. WALNUT, AND PINK. UED CEDAB W41.MJT, A-ND 1'LNK, i QAT ALBANY LUMBEB OF ALL KIN DM i-OO I . ALKANY LUMBER OF ALL KKNDII SEASONED WAIJiUT. SEASONED WALNUT. Dli , PLAB. CHFUl; 1 AND AilU V.i. PLAN K AND BOAKD8. AlAdOUANY , ROSEWOOD AND WALNUT VEKEEEJ, -f QAT CIGAtt-BOX manufactub.ee. lOUl C1GAK-HOX MANUFACTURES!. SPANISH CEDAB BOX HOARDS. 1867." SPRUCE JOIST I 8?EUCE J0KTI bPKUCE JOIST U I FT " IT TATQT - FROM II TO fHTir.i LONG. KKOW 14 TO 82 FEET LONG. 6UPEUIOB BiOKWaY SOANTLIffa. ftlAl'LE, BKOTBJKlt CHI. llZitirrr No. im BOOTB BTEJgfc'r, pm H. W B L L B A 1 3V LUMBER, PHILADELPHIA. niSltuftuX. c. r E R KINS, J. LUMBER MERCHANT. Successor to R. Claik, Jr., NO. 324 CHRISTIAN STREET. Constantly on band, laige aud varied asortnieqt of Lul plug Lumber. t M i CUTLERY, ETC. CUTLERY. A One assortment at POCKET and TABLE CUTLHHY, RAZORS, HA. ZOR STROPS. LADIES' MdlriSOUH ril tll AAD liliiUJttl DULtAKM, KIO.. at L V. HKLW OLD'S , lof Cntlerr Btore, "o. lSft tonth tenth street, "IJ Three doors above Walnut tIRE AND BURGLAR PROOFSAFEb' JJVANS & WATSON' MASCFACTUBIU9 OF FIRE A2iD BUROIAS-PSOOir S F E 8 Boa Bak,lfercaatlle,er Dwelllai f .SUamm O Establkhed Over 25 TeAm Over 24,000 BafiM la Vm The only SoIm with InAla Doiir Hover Lose their Fire-Prouf QmiUty. Guaranteed free from paupaasa. ' old at Price Lower tliaa otbar miUitiink vARLItOOMl!i No. 811 CHESNUT Siuw, POlLADSLPIliA 1V!,"-