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! -VIEW3 0F VIENNA. S
I i - - - ' ? Urrtd few years back no European capl- ( 511, 1101 even "omc bersHf, had rcsiflted the of time like Vienna. The boundary R'taore..country ended and town began might 8f.iII I) - traced along the low rampart over whfeb polcon twice 'strode In triumph. Alter a traveller from the south or west had como to terms with the watch dogs of that fcebli line .of clrcumvallation, he had to thrca.l the faubourgs ot the Wledcn or Marla hilt. From these endless and htdeous suburbs ho emerged, yawning with disappointment and fatigue, not into the bright and crowded streets, but on to a belt of parched common, In summer terrible for sun and sand, in winter an almost Impassable Malebolge of mud and snow. The grass was flat for a space, and then became a glacis, the slope of which belli pierced at Intervals byroads and paths, re vealeJ in glimpses tiers of masonry and slanting turf, that-told Low some Austria Vaubfla or Cormontaigne had made safe the fcity's auclent circuit in the days when the Turkish hoisftails fluttered ou the kcfV BuJ;i, and the ifpahls flaunted their jcarlct own about the Bisamberg and .the Prater. . From those curtains and bastions Solyman the Magnificent had recoiled more than three centuries ago, when old Xlclas Salm taught the fcwabians to hold their own against the Ottoman power. Behind the crumbling covsrid way and half choked ditch, hung t he Irout ot the Imperial Burg, the palace of the Archduke Charles, and the tower of the Church of St. Augustine, while on the right soar? J into the clouds the airy but still im perfect steepla oi the Cathedral of St. Stephen. A set of arched inlets burrowed under the Piano-uobile of the Burg gave entrance into a quadrangle, where stood charged and pointed a battery of brass guns, whoso throats yawned towards a tunnel in the opposite wall ot the palace. Plunging through this, the traveller reached the core of Vienna a tangle of narrow and sordid streets, which, twisting about like serpents to right and left, struggled in tortuous courses down to the Danube, and on the other side3 doubled bick agaia to the gl acta. But evn in Austria, Amurath dors not for ever succeed to Amurath. Mcnsdorir has at length followed upon Metternich. The K. K. myrmiJons no longer exact the surrender of Bibles, daggers, and oth?r carnal weapons. It Is no longer necessary to show at the gates of Vienna r, passport furnished with the sig nature of the well-known firm of Palmer & Son. The municipal tediles have now, after years of parsimony, begun to beautify and enlarge tuim-'capital. Copying the plans prepared by the restless activity of the French invader In 1809, they have res cued the glacis from Us mere military destination, laid flat the slope which mounted to the counterscarp's edge, filled up the d tcb., thrown down the scarp, aud thus Im proved the approaches from every quarter. On the glacis itself are the beginnings of a new region, which already boasts bridges of its owu, and Is gay with such gardens, lakes, temple, statues, as the city's exchequer can afford; while private and public palaces, sumptuous in color, gold, and sculpture, are springing up along a spacious boulevard well hued with trees, dotted with seats for the people's comfort, divided into alleys for dif ferent sorts of traffic, and, when night falls, illuminated by the gas that blazes irom a treble row of burners. Yet ancient Vienna is not quite gone. In the inner city demolition and improvement are slow of foot. Though at every corner newspapers are freely hawked, though the mil tary no longer swa?ger along the Graben as it they were the lords of the State, some signs ot the Lustige Wien linger in the streets. Fiacres drive as Bharply and as surely as ot old. Idlers who will not work still hamper the passage of the industrious along the nar row pavements. Admiring crowds still run alter the bands, which are the only certain glory of the Austrian army. Those who wisely seek still discover taps of tha excellent beer whone orient glow outshines the glitter Of Tokay. The best map of the general geography of the imperial capital is the colored face of a target . The gold is the inner city. The red ring around this is the glacis. Tne blue coil covers the suburbs. The black circle beyond covers the suburban villages. On the north the Inner city is flanked by an artificial stream called the Danube Canal, which strikes the pold rt a tangent, so that, on this side, the red riu,r L) not a gl.rcl. but a ditch. From the south the Winn, oozing across the glacis, pours its foul odors luto the Danube Canal. The faubourgs consist of straight uglp streets, with houses and shops, mostly mean aud strappling; for hero the diugy djnaHties of King Dirt and King Dilapida tion have cot yet been detbroued by the modern buildtr revolutionary trowel. While amidst th's poor and tumbling region. anl on lu margins, masons who wre never architect have foisted pukce detljtned with lu.it so much art sal taste as mlht utile for a barn, VmJi' lurrcks, gtort;uOJea, custom-houses, ttaMe, and other stuccoed receptacles of Civil an 1 u Jiuiry lumber. LUtlu movement f f,!, :i th o murk) purlieus, except along th ;.!.ron krm to ti' Urr lailwg) s which ?nw i i.nti Trmsi w t, south, and north, ltJ ti.ri ti t InuU'Wm la Dot vry It A 1 1 Imt c ti t If f am h narrow cx t. ul V t ni-t r' :, eutrr lug it from . . ' ,. f t . i. oil ON the tllMMll i. i 'KM liiM'fU'f IS k It .t iw -m Ur? rt- -.. 1 ai ' . (If f afiil , . . I ev kii'l . i t ' I. Hu mn tii 4 .! ' u! . : ( j.fov u. 14 1 1S1 tr. ' 4 U i. c i. . it l. . .. . I THE' DAILY EVENING" TELEGKAFIf. PHILADELPHIA , SATURDAY, 'bo Durrr, and aftrrviards the glacis. The l001 01 1,10 f),i"K oonainicf sway irom 1110 riolLt whf:r the Kohlmarkt flows Out ot the a . 1 1 1 .'. rt j m Oraben, rontmties onwards past the piazzas cnllnd f ho Iloff and T'royung, till in ihis way npain flie preen is gained by what in old limes was tho Schotten Thor, or Scottish Gate. Whoever considers it an exhilarating pnHtime to look at the dirtiest and slowest of European omnibuses, and be pushed Into gutters and under tlw wheels of fiacres, should upend his days In the Stefansplatz and the Karnthnpr StrasHe. But the flrmcur of Parisian paiceptions will find little amuso munt outwide of the Kohlmarkt and Qrabeo. Whereas most great cities have an archi tectural phynlognomy of their own, the Im perial capital has no air distinctive, enough to noske what Germans would call a Wra( induidnvm. . Containing a few buildings specifically Italian, and o;hersof specifically German ca.st, the predominating style is a compromine between north and south, a bar baric renaissance which owes its bastard birth to Germanized Italians and Italianized Germans . The Austrian never were a "culture-people," but their Italian antecedents have taught, them some sympathy with Italian art, and they have often brought architects across the Alps to beautify their cities. Whether from bud taste in the em ployers, or ignorance in th? employed, the ipsults have here been insignificant Fo instance, although the Crabea Is not devoid of superficial charm, and wears a brighter, more natural look than the Greek mock eries oi Munich and the peop'ed solitudes of Bei'.fn, its buiMings ure chiefly of the nonde script sort. Ilouses with steep roots and dormers are jumbled arainst houses topped with parapets over whinh no tile3 appear; stone facades, with balconies, scrolls and portals, lean on plastered fronts without ornaments or mouldings ; bd-etagea and mez zanine of dwelling apartments and show saloons elbow garrets and lumber-rooms. There are no frowning cornices or fine pro files, no fascinating curiosities of outline, no sharp contrasts of light and shade, no breaks of perspective. One main defect, Inexcusable In a climate where sun abounds, is the exag gerated area of openings ns compared with wall. Great architecture is spariug ot win dows, tor when glass takes ihe place of solids there is always an apparent loss of dignity and strength. In all the Graben there is one gateway worth notice, an entrance next a chop, flanked by two heavy Atlantes. At the end near the Stefansplatz there were some gabled deformities which broke the monotony of the whole ; but these malerlsch accidents of brick and mortar have been abolished. Ilow a city so bankrapt as Vienna can find funds to rebuild the ruins, seems an unanswerable problem. The cafes of Vienna aie not sumptuous in frontage or fittings. The shops have neither the splendor nor the supplies which would be found hi many pro vincial cities of England and France. Many of them, however, have well-painted emblems, and some of the houses ate richly bedizened with metallic letters. A row of fiacres helps to narrow the roadway, where, besides some striped marquees erected for the sale of beer, ices, and wine, is a growth ot twisted and gilded stone, meant to be commemorative or sug?estive of the Holy Trinity, while further on water plashes over the brim of a somewhat primeval basin. The private equipage3 of Vienna, espe cially those belonging to the court, are of lumbering and unfinished build ; the horses, though fleet, wiry beasts, have not the sleek, showy air wanted for street effect; the jehus and lackeys are ill clad and appointed. He must, indeed, have ingenious eyes who dis cerns those armies of Uussars, Heyducs, Pandours, and other barbaric creatures to whose picturesque presence imaginative travellers ascribe that semi oriental air which they fondly believed to pervade the streets of Vienna. On the other hand, the fiacres are the best in Europe. At the central stand, the broughams for winter, and the caleshes for summer use, seem to be always bran new, and the drivers' pace is more killing than that of any other coachman, except the Istvoschiks of &t. Petersburg. Thejlove of the lazy Viennese for carriage exercise almost exceeds that of the Neapolitans; four centuries ago JEneas Sylvius noted with wonder the universal predominance of this passion. The fiacre drivers are the spoilt children of the public ; it is usual to remu nerate them on the most reckless scale. As natives seldom give less than a florin for a course of two or three minutes' duration, attempts to nail the men to the tariff pro voke torrents of Elans'. The Viennese have an oriental tolerance of obsc?ne objurga tions; any foul-mouthed ruffian who out Herods his neighbor Is sure to raise a laugh, and is likely to be called a wit. Outside the shops and cafes lounge white coated officers, and civilians whose toilettes have cost them much trouble yet produced email commensurate results. Austrian ladies of the better sort do not go on toot, so that the temale honors of the pavement are done by Furstin 1'hryne, Grafln Lais, and otheu like Fraulelns, assisted perhaps by amateur houries, mostly black-eyed and black-haired, tall, loose in look and gait, decently dressed, whose affection, if not always given for money's sake, may freely be got for love. Ihis method, which encourages coiruption by removing one of its chiei reproaches and gilding it with a pretense of sentiment, brands the course of Vienna life, in the mid dling and lower ranks at least, with a pre eminence in a form of depravity that the more easily escapes notice since it has long since taken Its place as a recognized social institution, nnd knows neither scruples, bl u she s, nor remorse. An evening stroll up to the Graben and Kohlmarkt may be cbuveuiently prolonged through the Schwibbogen for thus the tun nel ot the Burg is called into the Palace Square, called the Franzensplatz. Here the admirers of the Imperial House may tarry to contemp'ate the graven image cf Kamer Franz, standing in stiff chancery attitude on a lofty pedestal, whose supsrscrip t on explains what no one would otherwise have euessed, that the defunct Hapsburg ruled his people in love. At the feet of the polcr of S lvlo Pelhco crouch Fortitude, luillgion, Peace, and Justice. Had he been r. prvwnU'd u trampllne on those virtues, tli- sculpture would have lost nothing in bis 1 tone truth, and would, besides, have served m a commentary on the motto annexed .4 mtrrrm meum populis mels. A probable , tij liiatlon ot the methods of gov e ru tin ut heretofore employed by that otrn-lgQ may be seon in fiont of the J, iiilng facade of the quadrangle. On a )' guard house, with a row of benches out . ii.!, rrpft the grim forms of the Austrian ' luirrj : while an apparatus of arms, artillery, ! 'ai. Unia, C'RiLle-pited eagles, echicarzgelb i !.,ur. "d o i htr congenial tools and em U. i couiiilute the characteristic symbolic jx (uv of k. K. majetity. Diving through an t. !? n-xt the watch, we pass from the I -. into the open, where a strip of levelled i u to scrreno t from the road by an Iron r .ui toi ped with gold spear-heads, planted i h rr-n, ilif(frlnd by paths, beds, benches . t ."! u, . to atl'ord fhado and rest nmid the summer 's heat. The largest portion of ibis gardon Is less remarkable lor elegance of design or splendour ot shrubs and flowers, tli ;n (or tho Jealousy with whtch the public nix -'hut out. Such exclusion must rest on tb dog and tho manger prlnc ple, for royalty seldom' If ever presses the turi or gravel with itn subl me hee!. The Imperial precincts i U p at a little hill which bounds the espla nade of the Burg I hor.whoso Doric propj liea pre threaded by the thoroughfare that runs into tie Kohlmarkt. On this esnlanale are Fcrnkorn'B bronze statues of Prince Eugenlo end the Archduke Char'es. Eugenlo Von Suvoye for thus the Italian Abbe, snubbed by Franco and turned to account bv Ger many, loved to write his name was placed ou his coign of vantage fust before the outbreak ot the late war. The "edle Bitter," as t e barrack doggerel of Austria styles the conquerer of Zenta and Turin, costumed as a military cavalier, with tho hat and clubbed hali of the grand niecle, sits a battle-horse of j the ponderous old Flanders breed, who rears ! up at a steep angle, so as to threw an uncom fortable weight ot gun-metal on his hind quarters. The pedestal, an elaborate com pouna of bronze and marble, looks double the proper size to eyes accustomed to the standing provided Michel Anselo f.r the horse of the Capitol, while its simplloity and apparent strength are hurt by metal sc. 'oils, mculdings, shklds, figures, dates, and other dev'ces. 1 he animal's forelegs are still", and the head hugs the neck too closely, so that the outlines of this cart are Indistinct. The hindquarters are vigorous and well modelled. Then the lider'sscat is adapted to a quiet, not to a prancing horse, an error which f poils Peter the Great's equestrian figure on the Isaak's Platz at St. Petersburg Modern works are seldom presentable from more thin a single point of view; whiln the ancient and mediaeval artist, whether In a building, statue, or ivory, remembered that a bad profile would spoil a perfect front. Prince Eugene is in the usual case ; and what is unfortunate, both he and bis steed are best seen from the rear. At present the tint of the group a yellow bronze not o the real golden hue repeats the color of the plaster facades of the Burg which run behind, so that to a person approaching from the glads, man and horse are not enoueh detached from their back ground. The Archduke Charles should be too well known to need description. The horse pluuges up in a daring attitude; the victor of Aspern waves a flag with triumphant gesture ; the lines of the composition are full of energy and slancia. It the execution Is less elaborated than in the companion piece, it must be granted that the bronze Archduke well embodies the idea which the action given to him and to bis hoise ought to express movement; while (he Prince, in his attitude of unstable equilibrium, tails to present the notion which his image seeks to convey repose. Behind the tail of the Archduke's charger is the second garden, which is smaller and meaner than the first, devoted to the recrea tion ot the vulgar, and hence called the Volksgarten. Here there is shadow enough to protect the lounger from the sun. Some parched grass, a few beds of azaleas, asters, and geraniums, two marble basins, and seve ral gravel walks, enliven an enclosure hardly bigger in area than the green of an average London square. At the far end is a repro duction of the Temple of Theseus, whose Doric facade, being jammed under a neigh boring bastion, instead of being perched on the summit, wears a look of meanness and caricature, and adds nothing to the pomp ot the place. Next the Archduke Charles is the corner devoted to the pleasures of which we are about to speak. We have remarked, on another occasion, that the Austrians proper are an inhospitable set, and satisfied with society In very homoeo pathic doses. There is, however, no other city in Europe where such ample provision is made for the amusement of all classes, or , where feuch prov'sion as exists is so greedily ! used. The climate of Vienna is fickle, ! quickly rushing from the temperature i oi the torrid to the temperature of the ! frigid zone, abounding in treacherous ; gusts ot hot and cold, in dust-storms, whirl winds, and all the other weapons of the armory of the Prince of the Power of the Air. Bui the summer season has something of tie radiant glow, the Elysian warmth, of j Italy, so that there exist all the atmospheric ; conditions necessary for a sauntering, loung- ' ing, jovial out-door existence. The beauti ful Lslaud, called the Prater, is littlii lie- quented by the Viennese of the better sort, ! except in winter and spring, and then more , as a theatre for the display of clothes, car riages, and horses, than as a park haunted tor . exercise and health. In summer, when the umbrageous glades, the bosky p..ths, the tresh i turf, the graz'ng deer, should tempt people ! pent in a populous city to a moment ot cool j repose, the Viennese prefer to flock to beer gardens and gulnguetted. These abound in all quarters, are ot all sizes and styles, from the smart enclosure w ith gilt railings, painted kiosks, spruce attendants, and fine company, to the mere cabaret with its scrap ot dusty grass in fiont of the road or street, its rough benches, slipshod waiters, and dirty guesu. The beer is always good, the music often matchless, especially in the semi-aristocratic Volksgarten. (23 Ihis scene ot creature comtorts deserves a moment's special attention. Beneath a group of trees are two rotundas for music, a Kursaal for promenading or dancing, a score or bo of little white tables, a tew hundred white wooden chairs, with a sufficient appendix of prass and gravel, the whole separated on cer tain evenings from the rest of the Volksgarten by barriers improvised of nets and poles. On Fiich occasions the garden presents a spark ling spectacle. An orchestra, conducted by the younger Strauss, occupies the pavilion of the Kursaal, and a band irom one of the regi ments in garrison plays in the outer rotunda. The tables are crowded with military and civilians, lounging, smoking cigars and ciga rettes, sipping collee or swilling beer: with paily dressed ladies, staring, chatting, nib bling ices, and munching cakes ; while be tween the orchestras a current of walkers e-vay to and no. The aristocracy are seldom prespnt, partly because at the season when outdoor pastimes become pleasant tfce grand world begins to quit Vienna : partly because in the narrow limits ot the Volksgarten they cannot well escape the degrading contact with that middle-class element of which the comoanv chieflv consists. Diplomacy mus ters in force, aad a group of Fetlals usually clusters near the entrv oi the Kursaal They talk languidly, but they seem to be set ling the afiiiiis of Europe, for round about them, with ears pricked up.-bover the representa tives of the Vienna press, ready to torture every frown or smile into some grave fact in tne destinies ot mankind. Next sits the countess from Constantinople, who, accompa nied by a wrinkled harridan, tricked out in the most flaunting toilette that can be devised by the mantua-makera of the Kohlmarkt, and enamelled with chalk and rouge, casts from time to time demure glances at the diploma tic detachment. Iiard by some amateur Jezebel parades ber conquests before the eyes of all the world, and outdoes fho scandal of professional a'O. Another tiible has a military garrbton. The officers have well built, well seasoned figures, and miTCMive, manly race. 'Ihey wear the Lite Waflen frocks of the Hue, faced with enmoon, cherry, mauve, orange, blue, in all sondes and species, so as to aflord distinctive ti'urks to eath of eighty regiments. The predominating pipeclay is brightened by the cobalt tunles r the penerals.the green coaU and plumes of the Imperial aldes-de-' c nip, the grey su'ts and coeks' feathers of the Jagers, the brown frocks and gilt Greek htlmets of tie cuirassiers. Ihes, and a dozen other variet'es of a uuiform comfortable and useful for. wear, never in i to give color, glitter, and move tkeit to the feMlve scene. Although gifted with a scanty store of intellectualisin, Austrian officers are almost always no'able tor good manners, and tho swashbuckler style flndi no favor amongst them. In the re mote towni othe Venetian kingdom Ancient FiMol and Captain Bobadil used sometimes to be caught swaggering about the empty streets, but such eights are scarcely to be keen in tho Uioie central provinces of tho empire, The cflicers are superior in breeding and appcar ntce to those of France, which follows from the relative infusion oi the aristocratic ele ment Into the higher ranks of the respective savicts. In the Austrian army thirty-three out of every hundred officers are of blue blood, while In the army of France scarcely ten per cent, of tho corps oi officers beloug to noble families. It is not safe to ju.np to tho conclusion that these figures may expla.n Austria's late defeats, for In the Prussian army the bourgeo's class is much more weakly represented thau in the Austrian lo the ex tent, namely, of not more than fifty per cent. Neither is there any ground for the prevalent notion that Austrian outce s are the elimi nate slaves ot kid glove?, varnished boots, and ornamental tailoring. They bestow so much attention to the neatness, cleanness, and fit of their uniforms as beseems the wearers of the Hapsburg livery; but the mere foppery of male dress Is not a Viennese epidemic. On festive evenings the tables of the Volks garten are always dotted with giant glasses of that excellent beer which, like Bohemian pheasants, Hungarian Tokay, and btyrian iron, is an article that cannot be matched out of Austria. The empire has above 8200 breweries, and the product of the mash-tuns, besides comlorting millions of thirsty souls, helps the country's revenues with the duty levied on it as an article of primary consump tion ; and if the flavor of the bottled liquid could be brought up to that of the draught, Austrian competition would surely endanger the prospects of Burton-upon-Trent. It appears, Indeed, that in Paris and elsewhere the so called "Leltmeritzer" begins to be a dangerous rival to pale ale. The biggest Austrian brewery, viz., that oi Dreher, at K lein-Schwechat, near Vienna, cannot, how ever, compare In importance with one of our preat English establishments. Barclay & Perkins brew at least 14,000,000 gallons a year, and employ 1800 hands, while Dreher may biew 5,000,000, and employs 800 hands. The total amount of beer annually made in Austria is 172,000,000 gallons,or less than one third of the British yield, and hardly 15 per cent, more than that of little Bavaria. On this showing the Bavarians should be terrible topers, out a comparatively large quantity of their pioduct travels abroad. The Austrian malt liquor is not, except in the cities, a com mon drink for the humbler classes; for wine, even out of the grape countries, la a cheaper beverage. Tastes can neither be disputed nor be described, and so those whose ill luek has prevented them drinking Vienna beer must be satisfied to hear that it is less bitter, less capiteux, and more ethereal in flavor than Bass and Allsop, weaker in alcohol, and more neutral in taste than other German beers ; above all, that, when poured into a glass fresh from a cask just brought up from the ice-cellar, it glows like fluid amber, and is crowned with a delicate beading of bubbles, which ore true bubbles of the air, and not, like the soapy foam of Scotch ale, bubbles of the earth. To sip from a glass of Lager, puffing wreaths from a cigarette of choice Latakla, while you gaze vaguely up to a sky flaming with the gold aud crimson of a Danublan sunset, and catch the rhythm ot . waltzes and mazurkas this is tha perfection ot ignorant and mechanical bliss. And nowhere ehe is such blessedness so surely to be found. For here is material luxury enough to lap the being into a Sybaris of indolence and delight, i o beauty bur the beauty of the heavens to trouble the vision, no sound but the hum of silver voices and the voluptuous pulsations of music to agitate the ear. Here no monu mental splendors beckon up the ghosts of vanished greatness to agitate the spirit with tales of the glorious and the good, no en chanting breath of the balmy south melts the heart to poetry, romance, and love. Such feelings, sublime or soft, are from the Volka gaiten, far from Vienna, The genius of the place is one that bids you live while you live, lor to-morrow you die. And by living he means the life of the body and the death of the soul eternal jollity of the superficial 6ort eating, drinking, dancing, gambling, with all the round of the pastimes that best heip to dumb forgettulness of whatever might enlarge and educate the mind. From the Volksgarten we proceed, by a natural trans'tion, to the new part of Vienna. In Mettemich's time architectural improve ment kept pace with other sorts of Austrian innovation. While building on the large scale was the order of the day in Berlin and Munich yes, even in Carlaruhe and Stutt gart in Vienna not a brick was laid. The revolutionary impetus of 1848 drove the Swabian mind into certain new grooves, pro ducing, besides other feelings, a desire to see the capital beautified, or at least enlarged. After nine year3 of hesitation it was decided to connect the inner city with the suburbs, by girding the glacis with two circular boulevards. The area between these was to be filled with streets and squares, the plan of the whole to have specific reference to beauty as well as to use. The situation was admirable, but money waa scarce, and could only be got by fatal sacrifices of ajsthetic eflect. 'ihe original design Included the erection of a series of public edifices. Ac commodation ot this sort was urgently wanted. Decent lodgment was needed tor the Opera, tho University, the Public Library, the Museums, the Municipality, the Parlia ment, and so forth. The funds requisite for the execution of this scheme were to be real ized by the sale of parts of the glacis as build ing room for private speculation. But in oruer to Insure financial success, It was neces sary to bring to the hammer the very plots of ground which should have been reserved for public purposes. Thus unrivalled opportuni ties were lost ; eystematlc embellishment be came impossible ; mere masonry grew up at the points where real architecture was most required; dwelling-houses, built in view of tho largest and quickest returns from the tenants of apartments and shops, took the place of official constructions, consigning some of the best of these to holes and corners, where their magnificence was either wasted or marred by contact with neighboring defor JANUARY 5, I8G7, mity. Such being the conditio:) under ?bivh the ft diles liavo had 1 6 work, no wonder if, in pplto of remf.?l-.iii)ie ' fcriCc':?s ol l' tall the general result bids fair to be something like failure. Outbids the Ksrnthnr Thor, then, or Gate of Carintlun, w hich, unlike the Burg Thor, is merely a frubiictive barrier, a street has been thrust ui on the. glacis, so as to embrace a phort chord of the inner city. On emerging from the Karnthner Strasstc, the spectator ftniln a boulevard of Parisian proportions, branching right and left In other words, to west nnd east ol him. On the right hand the so-called Opein and Burg Kings run towards the Volksgarten, terminating abruptly on the glacis. On the left the Karnthner, Kolo wrat, l'htk. and Stuben Kings continue in the dliection of the Danube Canal, closing with the new Kursaal of the Stadt Park. Austria's impoverishment was complete enough even before the advent of those humane locusts whose well-bied but whole sale devastations have caused to the industry aid agriculture of the invaded provinces double the damage which would have been Hufiered from plunder conducted on more brutal and more sporadic principles. How ever, even If the empire were to saspend pay ment, the municipality of Vienna would con trive to beg or borrow a few millions ot itorlns for the completion of Null ami Sic cardsburg's new opera bouse, which forms the focus oi the King Strafe. It would o' course be dull to describe and premature to judge a building still partly covered with FCcObldinp, to whose walls, moreover, the exterior ornamentation has not yet been applied. Some Austrian critics think the new opera would require a course of Banting to reduce It to elegant proportions, and its tendency to overgrown widti must be admitted. Others fancy that the facades aie too thickly settled with pilasters. Still at its present stage it has a look of greater origin ality than its new French ilval.whlle its renais sance mode', with the appropriate courses oi airy arcades, arches, porticos, attics, seems a more romantic and congenial home lor the lyric drama thon the ponderous orders and domes of the classical rxmple of the Boule vards. A feature of the new Austrian theatre will be a loggia decorated Ith scenes sug gestive of the masterpieces of operatic art. On one wall Figaro will scamper after Kosina, and apply the soapsuds toBartolo's reluctant beard. On another, the awtul Sarastro will admonish Papageno and Tamina in respect of the conduct to be observed in the sanctuary of Isls and Osiris. Opposite the new opera, on the opposite side of the boulevard, Is a palatial edifice for apartment? or shops, called the Ilelnrichshof. This block of renaissance budding consists of a basement, a low maz xanin or entresol, a bcl-eUiye of lofty dimen sions three ktories of fair height above, with dwarfed flanking towers, forming attics on the top, the whole planned in flats and divided by inner yards and courts, which give air, light, and access to the several compartments of this vast architectural warren. The base ment is built of courses of white stone, with joints deeply channelled in the rusticated Italian style, and arched openings lor shops. The lace of the next tour stories is red, while the final story and attics are decorated with detached figures colored in iresco on a background of blazing gold. There are no orders on the front, but the windows and string-courses are adorned with grotesque scrolls, masks, helmets. heads, and every other sort of sculptured adjunct. The whole is topped by an architrave raised on a row ot term-like consoles, the cornice being capped on the wings by a balustrade, between the towers by a line of light mould ings, along which, to break the. sky-line, are placed, in store vases, a few gigantic plants of green cactus. It seems useless to write criticism of detail on objects not In the beat ot ordinal y travelers. Suffice it, then, to say, that if the Helnriclishof were less heavily charged with ornaments.lt by moans of heavy jambs and hoods, or other masonic devices, an air of greater firmness wete given to the shops In the basement, if the window surface were reduced, if the consoles of the entabla ture looked as well in profile as they do when viewed In front if, in fine, the cornice had been of a more massive build, the masterpiece of the architect, Hansen, would have been one of the best productions of these degene rate days. Ourtimorous modern taste, which cal s clear colors tawdry, cannot appreciate the beaufy of buildings like the Palazzo Brignole Kosso at Genoa, and the Bed Hos pital of the Sforzas at Milan. What, indeed, say our ci itics, could have been more bar barous than that elephantine colossus with which that bungler Pcrieles defaced the temple ol Pallas Athene? What so hideous as a Parthenon, with pediment gilt, and painted by Phidias ? What more vulgar thau a Venus from the chisel of Praxiteles, hung with bracelets and tinted pink? We cannot attempt to particularize the other notable sights of the King Strasse, but the palace now occupied by the Archduke Wilhelm deserves notice as a fine specimen of modern renaissance. It consists of a middle block, and two wings thrown far enough back to prevent mono' on y of plan, the whole faced with deeply channelled yeuow atone, ine windows are smaller than the prevalent model, and free from ornaments or orders; the great doorway is simple and solid, the balconies are of rusticated work, with hewn props for pll ars, the cornice be'ng surmounted by a colurnnlated balustrade. This building belongs co the proprietor of the Erzherzog Carl Hotel, who will herealter transfer his establishment hither. Nearly opposite the hotel Is Zan netti's Palace of the Prince of Wurtemberg, a nco-Napoleonic deformity, plated over with pillars and crowned with a hideous truncated dome. Above the entrance is a pediment which seems to have slid down from the top of the palace, and Is filled with sculpture of tb Edgeware Koad school, descriptive ot "whet appear to be military incidents in the fasti of the House of Wurtemberg. This 'edifice, tie work of an artist from Munich, is the architectural Zero of the King, and Its ugliness will be more apparent on the com pletion of Ferstel's Palace for the Erzherzog Ludwig Victor a performance that seems to promise well, Nor can much be said for the bullous minarets of Garben's new Kursaal, which marks the beginning ot theStadt Park, tho termination of the boulevard, and the end of c ur present promenade. Cornhill Maga zine. 1867. diaries. 1867. 60 Styles and Sizes, at Low Prices. Vllt!ng and Wedding CtrJa, the latest novelties. Initials, Vorogiams, etc., ttamped on paper aud cnve'opfi, 'nc lots, gratis. A large stock et" Indian, French and A merle la Pa, e and Vut elopes. Id ank HOOK of the best manufactory on haul aud u.adu to Older. R. HOSKINS & CO.. ,i Maaatjctatert of BUtJl Book j 8tUoD'?e'j,'Foafavirs, 'nod lrlnt(:n, 6 W i mm o. 819 BOE Ht.reet GOVERNMENT SALE3. ' 8' tAIK OF DAMAGED CUjnitN'i AMD fet.lli'A.e.B. Sc uuvi rui.r, Aiiti KAt 1'i.ir.AnKi. imii A. Ilmwniliftr ftl. lHiitt Wilt ti( nold ai tii'buc bciioai, on uccount of the yni'M Ktatps, at he Soliuy kill Arsooa1, Orat'il Ptiw Ko1, l'lii'Blo'jihia, la., od Pit! DAT, January n, I7, ,t 10 o'c'ock A M and will It continuid irom tin to clay until H are aold, the lollovwiia named art dm it IMiuuni'd Cio bluff aud l-quiiaxe, vu Woof Blanket. SLovX Ht liber and rtnteJ Axon, munlteti,, !lli-k-aM. Intantry 0l." (rent Coats. Juckitn, Trow i?c. Stnrt, 1 irKsrn, Hoot", f ho, Itedaackj, iMlHdV. Cantamia, Hospital Tout. Wail lentu, f-Hblnj and ConunoalVnia HarervnokR, knai'ack, blockings, Hoiilo ( Ira). Utuicat losttomeuts, Uto. XI proporlT mut be f.'movtd within tea (10) dark flora day ol Mile. (jmalocoeg ytlll be furniehed opoa application at tlil t'fl'.oo or at tho Office of AltUT riAMHlNO AND EQTJIPA.GB. INo. 1139 UlltAliD Slrwt. 7eim Ch In tiOYCruuiout luuch. hy order of Bievel Bri(f. en. CEO. H. CROSMAN, Adiataut (juarteriunntcr.Tpni-ra U. 8. Army. KKJNKY W. JANM. Cartn-ti and A. Q M , Brevet Major, UNA, 12 Jll )t r xecutlve and Iuepeoting Oflioer. CALK OF OLD AND UN St 11 VICE A3 LE CANKOX. SMALL AHM.i, AND liCREATJ OR ORDdANCB, Navt Dpvartmbnt. Washtbotow City,' December la, lSrtfl. On the tenil' (lotb) dar of January, 157. IHOlt. DAY, at noon, tbero wilt bp sold at rnulio aootiou. in tlio ftiOItlOUi. NAVY YAKD.to the hurbiwt bidder, a lot ot old and tinoi vlueatilo cannon, fiuaii arms, and mirfcullancoua aitic.os ol oaru ordnance. 1 be cannon, shot, and elicit wfl be sold by th pound, and the email arm and o her micellaaooiM article ot oronnnce in Iota to suit purchasers, lerms One-hall casb in Government touda, to b deposited on the conclunion of tne sale, and fh remainder within ten da?s aftornafi. during which time the artiolea must be retimed from tu Navy Yard, otherwise they wld it reft to the Groy erntmnt. H. A. WISE, 12 ltutb tl 10 Chief of Buroan. PROPOSALS TTM1ED &TATES MILITARY BAlLBOAi) Ol ICE, w ABHrtfOTOW, l. C, ieoemter m, lBtttt. Seated Proposals will m received at thus offloa nntil 12 M., MONDAY, January II, lor the purohaoe, Irom the United Stales, ot five thousand ((Hrt l oHied Lip Railroad Chaira, suitable torloib, "V Bail. IhMe Chain are cow stored at the works of Cora Id ft Wlcslow, froy, New York. Samples may be een at thisculce, or at theCnitiyl States Unaitermaster's Olfico in New York city, l'liiindelplila, l'a., or Louisville, fcy. Turns Ca?h, in liortrnuivut tuud. F. J. CRILLY, 12 23 13t Bvt. Col. and A. Q. 11., U. . Aimy. ENGINES, MACHINERY, ETC, PENN STEAM ENGINE AND BOlLLR WOKKH.-SEA.riK ft LKVT. Tit.iCilC.AL AM) THfcOKETlCAL ENGINEERS, klAtUI.N IMTP. BOlLfcK-klAliJCKS. IIUACKSM 1TI8. and FOTJMEkS, li.vnpr lor man.y years been In suc cessful operation, and buen exclusively engaged ia build!, ,f end repairing Mirtne and Hirer Engines, hlgU and low pressure, Iron Boilers, Water Tanks, Propel ler, eto etc., respectfully urtor their servioea to tm publio as being luliv prepared to contract for engines of all sizfa, Marine, H'ver, and Huttlonaryt having aeiiHX patterns ot aluerent sizes, are prepared to execute ordtva with quick uepatcb. i-very description of pattern-, nmkbig made at the shortest notice. High and Low. pressure t ine, Tubular, ana Cylinder Boilers, ol the beet Pennsylvania charcoal iron, i orginirs ot all sizes aof kinds; Iron and brass Castings ot all descriptions; Hod Turning, Screw Cmting, ai.d all other work eonuecte with the above business. btawtnps and specifications for alt work dona at the estalilUbme it tree ol charge, aud workjguaraa ed. The subscribers have amplo wharf-dock room fbt . repairs of boats, where they can 11. in peifect safuty. ana ale provided with shears, blockd, tall, etc. .ti, for raising heavy or light weights. JACOB C KF.KFIS, JOHN P. LiCVV. 8 21$ BEACH and PALiLEB Streets. J. V At CHAN MkSiUCK, W1LUAK R. ItllBatOU' johh . crr. SorTHWARK FOUNDUr, FIFTH AJft WASHISGION Btreeta, PniLAOiLFBlA. MKHU1CK. & HON1?, ENGINLtKn AM MACHINIST'S, manufacture High and Low Pressure bteum ogtug foi: Land, hlver, and Marine Service, boilers, Uanometen, Tank), Iron Boat, etc Castings oi all kinds, either iron or bia. Iron trarre Koola lor lias Works, Workshops, atu Kullroad Stations etc. Ke torts and Gas Machinery, of the latest and axont un proved couatiuctlon. l.verv description of Plantation Machinery, and flngar. Paw, and Grist Milht, Vacuum Pans. Opeu Steam Tteiiu. Leiecators, Fitters, Pumping hnglnes etc. t-ole A vents lor N. inileux's Patent Nngar Boiling Apparatus, Nesniyth's 1 aunt wteaui Kamuier, nd A. piuwU& Woobey'a Patent Centriiugsl Sugar Draining l.aehlne. Wt . B HIDESBCRO MACHINE W0&!ia OFFICE, Ko 65 N. FKONT STEEET, PU1LA.DKLPBIA.. We are prepared to till order to any extent for oa; well inon MACHLNEKY r'OK COTTON AND WOOLLEN BfTLLH, including all recent improveinenls la C aiding, SpLuning tad eavioir. We inv ite the attention ot manoiacturen oar extea 1 1) ' ALFRED JZHTKA A BON, SHIPPING. VTff BTEAJtt TO LIVEitPODL CALLINti jT7nlt .t Queenstown The Inuian Line, sailing tit'ilv. currrtna the Lnlted 9tai.es Mails. "clTY OF BALTIMORE" Huturdav, January 11 "Cll Y OF LlMtUlCK.." Wednesday, January 18 "CltY Of CO UK." Batnrday, January l "CITY OF IjUBLIN" W ednesdny. January 2 'CITY OFSrtv YOHK" hatunloy, January IPi aud each succeeding enturdav and Wednesday, at noon, Horn l'ler&o. ! .North river. KAtEi OF PASSAGE By the mall steamer sailing everv Saturday I Payable m uola Payable In Currency. First Cabin akfl steerage S To London Ml To London, 33 To Paris lis! To Pans iA Faraaga by the 'Wednesday steamers i First cabin, gtO ; steerage, $30. Payable in United Htates currency. Passengers also forwarded to Havre, Hamburg, Bru u.en, etc., at moderate tales. Meerage passage from Liverpool or Qneenstown, tit. curreucv. Tickets can be bought here by persona send ing lor their, ft lends. For lurcher information apply at the Company's Offices. JOHN O. DALE, Agent, g 1 No. Ill WALK U I Btreet, Pbilada. FOR NEW YORK PHILADEL, delpnia Steam Propeller Company Da. hiiK h cwiiuure Lines, via Delaware and Karl tan CauaL leaving dai yat VI M. and ft p. M., connecting with, ail Worrnern ana r astern unr. For treluht. which will be taken upon eocommodattnj terms, apply to WILLIAM M, BAIKIJ at(X, ftctt. TO SHIP CAPTAINS AND OWNERS. 2JLLJJ2l--Tha nudorslgned having leased the KEN biiNCloN 8CKEW DOCK., beg U Inform tits fneola ana the patrons of tha Dock that be la wepare with increased lacllltles to accommodate those having veaaeU to be lalned or repaired, and bejug a nraotual ahlp-cr-penter and caulker, will give personal attention to th vessels entrusted to him for reoairs. Captaiua or Agent. 8hlp-Carpentet5, and Machinists having vessels to repair, a.e solicited to call. Having the agency for the sale of "Wetterstedt'a Patent Metailc Composition" for Copper paint, tor the preservation of vessels' bottoms, for this oi.y, I am pre- pared toturnbh the same on favoeable terms. JOHN H. HAMMITT, Kensinnton Screw Dock, 11- DELAWARE Avenue aoova Laurel street SADDLES AND HARNESS. BUFFALO ROBES, LAP RU09, ' IIOSE COVERS. i larga ssisortmcdt, WHOLESALE 0B BETAIL, to irces, together with our ubu' rtttt8""" SADDLES Y, ETC. Y ILLI.VM S HANSEL L A SON -i, i KO.If.MAlittIrbW.