Newspaper Page Text
IKE DAILY EVENING TH.EGF-APB. rElLADELHIIA, "WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 18G7.
LITERATURE. KEY1KW OF NEW DOOKH. Thr Orr.N Polar Sba. 15- Dr. I.1 1. llayTs. few York: llurd h Houghton. Philaltl yhia Agants: J. U. Lippincott & Co. The loiig-proniist'd work of Dr. Hayes has, ftor a delay of five years incident to the war, lwon laid before the public. The causes which lave kept until now the record of the p.xv ition unknown to the public, rofiVct grwat redit on the patriotism of the author. Ar riving from Ins Arctic trip juHt in time to tear news of the defeat at Ball's Bluff, lie at nee offered his services to the Government, and has devoted all his time and attention to the duties of hospital snrgcon. We doubt, however, whether his work will suffer in its popularity because of the delay. The engross ing topics of the war have died away, and we naturally turn to 'scientific subjects and narra tions of adventures. The appearance of the work of Dr. Hayes is peculiarly welcome. ,The expedition under his command started Jrora Boston on the Cth of July, 18M, and re turned to that port in October, 1801. During this time, with his little schooner United States, he had penterated further than any other Northern explorer, im had sighted the Open Polar Sea. Although many of the incidents given in such a work must be similar to those related by Dr. Kane, yet the book is written in a very pleasant style, and contains many Scientific and botanical discoveries evcr before made public. Yet the style in which the work is written is pleasing, and the stories told are graphic and amusing. We quote a few pages illustrating the anecdotes which are told in the book: The men have been busy sewing up seal-skins Into coats, puntitloons, and boots, lo comploto their winter wurdrobe. Tliey liavo tried very hard to get Mrs. Hans to do Ibis work for them, tout the indolent creature persistently refuses to sew a stitch. Hhe is the most obstinate of her hex- feels perfectly independent of everything and of everybody; pouts fiercely when she is not pleased, and gets the sulks about once a fortnight, when she declares most positively that she will abuudon linns and the white men forever, and go back to her own people, (she once tried the experiment, and started oil' at a rapid rate, with her baby on her back, towards Cape Alexander. There had evidently been a domestic spat. Hans came out of his tent as If nothing had happened, and stood at the win dow leisurely smoking his pipe, and watching her In the most unconcerned manner in tlio world. As she tripped oil' south I called his attention to her. "Where is she going, Hans?" "She no go. She come back all right." "Hut she will freeze, Hans?-' ".She no freeze. She come back by by you see." And he went on smoking his pipe with n quiet chuckle which told how well he under stood the whims of his beloved. Two hours afterwards sho came back, sure enough, very meek and very cold, for the wiud was blowing In her face. The day being Saturday, the sailors are busy by turns at the wash-tub, to have a clean turn out for Sunday, on which day, eveu in this re mote corner of the world, everybody puts on his best, and at Sunday morning muster my people present a very neat and creditable ap pearance. The grey uniform which I have adopted as a dress-suit Is always worn on that occasion, both by officers and men. Each officer has a stfllor for a "washerwoman," aud I have mine; and Knorr has Just brought me la the most encouraging accounts of his skill, and as a proof ot it I found on my table, when I came In out of the moonlight from a tramp to the open water (where 1 had been making some observations for temperature), a well starched and neatly-Ironed camnrlc handker chief, sprinkled with cologne. Tne day, for some reason or other, seems to have been peculiarly bright and cheerful to everybody, and the cheerfulness runs on Into the evening. I fancy that our old cook was In a more than usually good humor, and doubtless this has had something to do with it. For my own part, I must acknowledge the power of his artistic skill as affeoting the moral sentiments. My walk to the open water was both cold aud fatiguing. Desiring to get out as far as I could, I sprang over the loose ice-tables, and reached an Iceberg near "The Twins," which 1 mounted; and, after digging a hole into it, found that it had a temperature only 8o lower than the tem perature of the water that floated it, which was 29. I scrambled back to the fast ice as quickly as I could, for the tide and wind, which was strong from the land, looked very much as if they Intended to carry the raft out to sou. To come back to the cook I was In a condi tion npon my return to do amplo Justice to a fillet of venison, garnished with currant-Jelly, Which was awaiting me, and upon the prepara tion of which the cook had evidently exhausted all his skill; and afterwards Knorr made lor me, with, my alcohol luruuee, a cup of aromatic Mocha. Aud so one may find pleasure even where Bacchus and Cupid deign not to come. True, this Is the region into which Apollo voluntarily wandered after the decree of Olympus madd him an exile, and where the Hellenic poets dreamed of men living to an incredible age, iu the enjoyment of all possible felicity; but, to say the truth, I question the wisdom of the banished god, as tradition makes no mention of a schooner, and I find that in this "Residence of Boreas" one must look out for himself pretty sharply poets to the contrary notwithstanding. The cook brought me the dinner himself. "I tlnks de Commander likes dis," said ho, "coming from de cold.11 "Yes, cook, it is really superb. Now, what can I do for you?" "Tankyou.sar! I tinks if de Commander would only be so kind as to give me n clean shirt, I shall bo very tankful. lie see dis one bo very dirty, and I gets no time to vasti him." "Certainly, cook, you shall have two." "Tank you, sar!" and he beuds himself half double, meaning it for a bow, aud goes back well pleased to his stove and his coppers. Our cook is quite a character, lie is much the oldest man on board, aud is the most singu lar mixture of adverse moral qualities that I have ever ohanced to meet, lie makes it his boast that he has never been oft' the ship's dock since leaving Boston. "Vut should 1 go ashore for?" said he, one day, to some of the oilicers who were reciting to him the wonders of the land. "Me go ashore ! De land be very good place to grow de vegetables, but it no place to iraiBia ueinix. ana please my Ilebenly t ader I never vill." I have passed an hour of the pleasantly with the oilicers in their cabiu, have had my usual game of chess with Knorr and now, having done with this Journal for the'day I will ooll myself up in my nest of furs and read In Marco Polo of those parts of the world where people live without an effort, know not the use of bear skins, and die of fever. After all, one's lines might fall iu less pleasant places than in the midst of an Arctio winter. The Esquimaux character is but imperfectly understood, and the narrative of Dr. Hayes abounds with word-pictures of these curious people. The contrast between lite two classes f Esquimaux females is well given: The chief had managed In some manner to pet together another team of six good dogs, and became up in fine stylo, bringing along with him on his small sledge everything that he had in the world, and Unit was not much. The con veniences for life's comforts possessed by those Arctio nomads are not numerous; and It is for tunate that their desires so well accord with their means of gratifying them, for probably no people in the world pot-mobs so little, either of portable or other kind of property. The entire cargo of the sledge consisted of parts of two bearskins, the family bedding; a half-dozen seal skins, the family tent; two fauces and two harpoons; a few substantial harpoon lines; a couple of lamps and pots; some implemeutsand materials for repairing the sledge in the event cf accident; aseul-skln bug, containing the Jamilv wardrobe (that Is, the implements for jrepuiricg it, fur the eotue wardrobe was on their bsf ks); and then there was a roll of dried mass, which they use ns we do cork soles for the boots, and some dried moss for lnmp-wlck; and for food they had a few Bmnll pieces of walrus meat and blublx r. This cargo was covered with one of the seal skins, over which was passed from side to side a line, like a saudnl-laclng, and the wholo was bound down compactly to the sledge; and on the top ol it rode the family, Kalutuiiuh himself walwlng alongside and en couraging on his team rattier with kind persua sion than with the usual Esquimaux cruelty. In front sat the mother, the fluest specimen or the Esquimaux matron that I had seen. In the large hood of her fox-skin coat, a sort, of dorsal opossum-pouch, nestled a -sleeping infant. Close beside the mother sat the boy to whom I have before referred, their first-born, and the father pride. .Next came a girl, about seven years old; and another, a three year old, was wrapped up in an Immense quantity of furs, and was lashed to the upstuuders. As the sledge rounded to, noor the vessel, I went out to meet them. The children weioat first a little frlnhienod. but they were soon got to laugh, and I found that the same arts whloh win the aflecl ions of Christian babies wore equally potent with the heathen. The wifo remembered me well, and called me "l)oo-tee," while Kalu tunnh, giinning nil over with delight, pointed to his dops, exclaiming with pride, "They are fine ones!" to which I readily assented; and then he added, "1 come to give them all to the Mulcgaksoak;'' and to this I also assented. What surprised mo most with this family was their apparent indifference to the cold. They had come from Ilepllk in slow marches, stopping when tired In a snow shelter, or in desei ted huts, and during this time our ther mometers were rnuglng from 30 to 40" below zero; and wheu they came on board out of this temperature it never seemed to occur to them to warm themselves, but they first wandered all over the ship, satisfying their curiosity. A few hours afterwards there arrived a family of quite another description Myouk and his wife of the ragged coat. They had walked all the way up from Itepllk, the woman carrying her baby on her back alt of these hundred and fifty miles. Myouk was evidently at a loss to find nn excuse lor paying mo this visit; but lie put a bold front on, and, like Kalutunnb, dis covered a reason. "1 come to Bhow the Nale gaks.oak my wife aud Daktagee," pointing to the dowdy, dirty creature that owned him for a husband, and the forlorn being that owned him for n father. But when he perceived that I was not likely to pay much for the sight, he timidly. remarked, with another significant point, "Me made me come," and then started oft, doubtless to see what he could steal. After encountering innumerable dangers and hairbreadth escapes, and undergoing that fatigue and exposure incident to such an un dertaking, the fond hopes of the Expedition were realized on the 19th of May, .18(31, when he sighted the open sea. lie thus describes his arrival at its shores, and the sight pre sented when he first, from nn ice "peak, saw the long-talked-of open. .sea which is supposed to surround the North Pole: Standing against the dark sky at the north, there was seen In the dim outline the while sloping summit of a noble headland the most northern known laud upon the globe. I Judged It to be in latitude 82 110', or four hundred and fifty miles from the North Pole. Nearer, another bold cape stood forth; and nearer still the head land, for which I had been steering my course the day before, rose majestically from the sen, as if pushing up into the very skies a lofty mountain peak, upon which the winter had dropped its diadem of snows, .There was no laud visible except the coast -upon which I stood. The sea Leneath me was a mottled sheet of white and dark patches, these latter being either soft decaying ice, or places where the ico had wholly disappeared. These spots were heightened in intensity of shadeaud multiplied in size ns they receded, uutll the belt of the water-sky blended them all together into one uniform color of dark blue. The old and solid floes (some a quarter of a mile, and others miles, across) and the massive ridges and wastes of hummocked ice which lay t piled between them and around their margins, were the ouly parts of the sea which retained the whiteness and solidity of winter. 1 reserve to another chapter all discusslou of the value of the observations which I made from this point. Sutllce It here lo say that all the evidences showed that I stood upon the shores of the Polar Basin, and that the broad ocean lay at my feet; that the land upon which' I stood, culminating in the distant cape before me, was but u point of land Drojectlng far Into it, like the Ceveiro Vostocliuoi Noss of the opposite const of Siberia; and that the little margin of ice which lined the shore was being steadily worn uway; aud within a month, the whole sea would be as free from ice as I had seen the north water of Jiufliu Bay Interrupted ouly by a moving pack, drifting to and fro at the will of the winds and currents. To proceed further north was, of course, im possible. The crack which I have mentioned would, of itself, have prevented us from making the opposite laud, and tho ice outside the bay was even more uecayeu man jnsiue. several open patches were observed near the shore, and in one of these there was seen a flock of Uuvekie. At several pointwduiing our march u o Kennedy Channel I had observed their breeding-places, but I was not a little surprised to see the birds at tills locality so early in the season. Several burgomaster-gulls flew over head, making their way northward, seeking the open water for their feeding grounds and summer haunts. Around these haunts of the birds there is never ice alter the early Gays of June. And now my journey was ended, and Iliad nothing lo do but make my way back to Port Eon Ike. 'Ihe advancing season, the rapidity with hlch the thaw was taking place, the cer tainty that the open water was eating into Kniilti Sound as well as through Balliu Bay from the south, as through Kennedy Channel from the north, thus endangering my return across to the Greenland shore, warned mo that I hU lingered long enough. It now only remained for us to plant our flag in token of our discovery, and to deposit a record in proof of our presence. The flags were tied lo the whip-lash, and suspended between two tall rocks, and while we were building a cairn, they wero allowed to flutter iu the breeze; then, tearing a leuf from my note-book, I wrote on it us follows: i "This point, tlie most northern land that has ever boeu reached, was visited by the uudersltruud, Muy hah, liith, jsiil, ucconipunied by Geoige E. Kuorr, travelling Willi a dog-sledge. We arrived iiere utter a oilsome march of forty-six day from my winter harbor, neurl'ape Alexanuer, lit the mouth of Smith Sound. My observations place ns iu latitude Hio V. longitude 7 o'. V. Our lurtber progress was stopped by rotten Ice and tracks. Kennedy Channel appears to expand into the Polar Biisin; and, satisfied tiiat it is navigable at least during the mouths ol July, August, and September, 1 ku lie nee to my winter . liarbor, to make unothcr trial to get through Smith iSfHiud with my vessel, alter ibe ice breaks up Ibis summer. . "May r.Uh, lnttl. . , . L 1, Hyjos." This record being carefully secured in a small glass vial, which I brought for the purpose, it was deposited beneuth the cairn; and then our fa'tes were turned homewards. Hut I quit the place with reluctance. It possessed a fascina tion for me. aud it was with no ordinary sensa tions that I contemplated my situation, with one solitary companion, In tiiat hitherto un trodden desert: while my nearness to the earth's axrs, the consciousness of standing upon land farbevond the limits of previous observation, the reflections which crossed my mind respeot ing tlie vast ocean which lay spread out before me, the thought that these ice-girdled waters might lash the shores of distant islands where dweli human beings of nn unknown race, were circumstances calculated to Invest the v-ory air with nystery, to deepen the curiosity, aud to strengthen the resolution to persevere in my determination lo sail upon this sea and to ex plore its furthest limits; aud as I recalled the struggles which hud been made to reach this sea through the ice and across the ice by generation of brave men, it seemed ns if tho spirits of these Old Worthies came to encourage me. ns their experience had alreudy guided me; and 1 felt that I had within my grasp "the great ami notable, tiling" which had inspired the zeal of sturdy Krobislier, and that I hud achieved the hope of matchless Parry. The wind, work is wdl worth attention, and will be ad not only by tlioso who feel a d.M'p interest in An tic discovery, but by all who d-'sire to Wp versed iu the literature of tins day. It is handsomely printed and woll bound, mid contains several admirable steel engravings, in addition to a number of pencil sketches, illustrating the plants, animals, and peculiarities of that unknown zone into which the Doctor and his party B0 Blu.(.Kfif.,lly penetrated, . Sl'F.KCIIRH AND APPUPHKKB PV IIeSHT Vl?TF.R Davis, ok Maryland. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1 hiladdphia Agents: J. B. Lippin cott k Co. Had Henry Winter Davis lived, there is no position in tho gift of the people to which he could not have with reason aspired. Possessed ofa splendid intellect, and endowed with a con rage more than ordinarily found in public men' he'at the same time adhered with inflexible reso lution to principle, and combined with energy and determination great powers of head and breadth of heart. Dying in his prime, before the newrf'(me which he so ardently longed for had dawned, he went comparatively unappreciated to his grave. Every day, how ever, raises him in the estimation of the pub lic; and as his bravery and fidelity to right be come more appreciated, ho will continue to rise in the public esteem. The work before us is a full and revised edition of all his public speeches and writings, and affords the best index to his actions. In it we have, in his own words, the cause of Ids defection from the Union party, and the reason of his resignation from the Committee on Foreign Relations. His speeches are able, eloquent, and full of argu ment. There is no useless verbiage. Prefaced to his own papers is the biographical sketch delivered before the Houses of Congress by Hon. J. A. J. Creswell on the occasion of his death. Ho was certainly in every respect a rising man, a man of the people, the foremost advocate of lilterty, and one whose conscien tious devotion to principle placed him so far in advance of the time-serving statesmen of his generation, as to prevent a recognition of his talents and virtues until after his death. The Papacy; Its Historic Oitiois and Primi tive Relations with tub Eastern Churches. l?y the Abbe Guettee, D. D. Carleton: New York. Philadelphia Agents: T. B. Peterson & Brothers, No. 300 Chesnut street. The Abbo is a man of courage and of un doubted piety, and his efforts to purify the Roman Catholic Church are well known and appreciated. The present volume, although written in the Church, is, at the same time, an advocate of reform, and is eminently calculated to do good. Tracing the early , rise of the claimed prerogatives of the Pontiff, he takes that side of the discussion favored by the Council at' Constance, over four centuries ago, and what was, at a later day, boldly advocated by the Conference at Basle. Ho is a man of erudition and well informed, and his work is a profound and convincing essay on the falsity of many of the claims of Rome. It is well trans lated and neatly published, and is for sale by T. B. Peterson & Brothers. "The Rooskyu." We have read with greiit satisfaction the inimitable little epic, "The Rooneys;" or the tale of how the family of Rooney attended the Ball on the completion of the ocean telegraph. It is one of those pecu liarly happy liits at the absurd pretensions of the upstarts of the republic which occa sionally are got off by some fortunate wit. The pretensions, the ignorance, and would-be aris tocratic bearing of the Alderman and his family are excellent satires -on a class of society too woll known throughout all the States. It is an admirable literary effort, and should have a large sale. . T. B. Peterson & Brothers, No. 300' Chesnut street, have the agency. ' HAurEit's New Monthly Magazine. The contents of" this popular publication for the month of March are as follows : The Dodge Club; or, Italy in Mdccclix; Per sonal Recollections of the War; If I Were Rich; Two Hundred Thousand Spiders; Our Expected (iuests; A Brace of Boys; "Rum Creeters is Women;" The Virginians in Texas ; Laura's Lovers; llow we g.t uur News; Alexander T. Stewart; Editor's Easy Chair; Monthly Re cord of Current Events; Editor's Drawer. The Magazine is for sale by J. B. Lippincott & Co., and T. B. Peterson & Brothers. ENGINES, MACHINERY, ETC. fta- PENN STEAM ENGINE AND aaBlCJfJg. WOkkH.-KKAl'lE LU.VY, TSTTTlcAL ASl) THJlUBETIUAIi EMllXEEKS, IdAl HlMB'J'B, JKMLtK-AIAkfcKtt. BLACKSAUiaeJ and KODMKIt8, hav'iiH lor many yearn been In sua Cennlul operation, and been exclusively engaged in buildl t aud repairing Mrineand Blfei tngiuos, Midi and low preaaure, iron lioiiera, Water Taukn. Propei lera, etc etc., reapeutiuily oiler tbelr acrvicea to Hit public aa being luliy prapared tocouttaot for eugiuea ol all aizee, Mwlue, K'ver, and Stationary; having BeiS ol patterna ot ultlerent sizes, are prepared to execute ordert with quick ueepatcu. tvery description of patteru niaklng made at tbe Bliortent notice, high and Low pressure t hie. Tubular, and Cylinder Hollers, of the best Pennsylvania cbarcoal iron. Forginga ot all size and kinds ; Iron and brass Castings ot all descriptions ; KoU Turning, Screw Cumug, and all otber work connected nllli tbe above bualness. Diawinga and -epeclncatloni for all work done at the stabllshuie it tree ot charge, and work guarau teed. ibe subscribers have ample wharf-dock room for repairs ot boats, .where tbey can lie In peiteci safety, and ate provided with shears, blocks, lulls, etc. uuL, for raising heavy or hgbt weight. JACOB C KEAFIE. JOHN F. LEVY. S ilS BEACH aud PALldKK Btreets. J.VAlGHiM MKKK1UK, WILLIAM H. HHBB1CI jobs . oora. SOUTIIWARK FOUNDlty. FIFTH AND WASHIXaiON Btreent, Fhilailphia. MhHIUCK & HONS . ENGINhKltS AM) MACHINISTS, manufacture Itlgb aud Low Pressure bteaui Engines to Land, liiver, and Marine Service. Boilers, Gasometers, Tanks, Iron Boats, etc. Castings oi all kinds, either iron or brass. Iron Irnire Boots lor Gas Works, Workshops, ano Railroad Stations etc. Jielorta and Gas Machinery, ot the latest and most un proved const! uctlou. Every description ol Plantation Machinery . and Sugar aw, and Urist Mills, Vacuum Pans, Open Bteaui Trains lielecators, Kilters, Pumping Engines etc t-ole Agents lor S. Itilleux'a Paleut Hupar Boillnt Apparatus, hcnuiyth's l'auut bteaiu Hammer, and as plnvtall & Woo.sey's Patent Centrtlugal cugar braining Machine. ',' BRIDESBURG MACHINE WOBKS OFFICE, Ho. 65 N. EUOMT HTEEET, niiniKijiiiA. We are prepared to till orders to any extent (or out well-know u MACHINERY FOR COTTON ASD WOOLLEN MILLS including all recent improvements in CaiUlug, Spinning and V caving. We invlte.tue attenuon ol manufacturers our exieo give w orks. I l ALFRED JENK8 A BOM JpITLEIt, WEAVER & CO., MANUFACTURERS OF Manilla and Tarred Cordage, Cords, Twines, Etc. Fo. 25 North WaTFR Street, and Ho. M North DELAWARE Avenue, ISlUUliUlili. S D. riTLM, Miohaii WTm. t cjiiud F. Cwibi. U Hi INSURANCE COMPANIES. DELAWARE MUTUAL SAFETY IN3U MANCK COMPANY, Incorporatea by the Legis litlure of I'euimylvttina, is:. Office, S, K. Corner TH I HI) and WALNUT Street, Philadelphia. MAHINK INSURANCES on VPRSfls, CArgo, anil frelthi. to all purtnortha world. INLAND INsUKANUKH on goods by river; cnual. lake, and laud carriage, to all ports ol tho Union. KIRK INSURANCES on mproliandlftA generally. On btores. Dwelling Houses, Etc ASSETS OF THK COMPANY. November I, low). I llOO.COO United btateafi Per Cent. Loan. 1U71 I1M 00000 120,100 United Btutes C I'er CenULoau ' 18H1 1,16 60000 200,000 United Htates 7 3-10 Per Cent. Loan, Treasury NoIps 211 50000 123,000 CHyof PhiltulelpblalSIx Percent. Lord (exempts) lao.KH'SO M,000 tittle of 1'euiisylvanm Six I'er l ent. Ixion M.WO'OO Cfi.OOO fctte of Pennsylvania .Five I'er ont. Loan 4,62O'0O 50,000 IHtnte of New Jersey fciix I'er Cent. Loan 50,75000 20,00 Pennsylvania Railroad, 1st Moitguge, isix Per Cent. HondH. 20,50000 25,000 Pennsylvania Jiallrond, 21 Mort gage Blx I'er. Cent. Jlonils 24.2o0'00 Ii.00 Western Pennsylvania Railroad Hlx I'er Out. linntlv (Pennsyl vania Railroad guarantees) 20,75000 30.000 fctnteol Tennessee i lve Per Cent. Loan 18,000 00 1,100 state of Tennesuee .Six Per Cent. Loan 6,04000 13,000 300 Hhnres Stock ol Oerimmtowu tia Company (priiiflpiiland In terest guaranteed by tbe city of Philadelphia) 16,00000 7,150 14.H bliarei Stock ol Pennsylva nia Railroad C ompany 8,20325 6,(00 li0 Shares Stock of North Penn sylvania Rniiroud Company 3,95000 20,000 Co Shares Stock ol Philadelphia and Soutberu Mail Steamship Company 2P,00000 19", 9(0 Loans on Bonds und Mortgage, 1st Liens uu City Property 105.90000 fl.iHo.or.u par, Market value, fl,070,28075 Rpnl Ilate. 30,00000 Bills receivable lor Insurances made , 27,Cj720 Balance due at agencies. Pre niiumsou Marine Policies, Ac crued Interest, and other debts due to the Company 38,92390 Kcrip and Stock of sundry Insu rance and other Companies, t5.i;3. .Estimated value 2,930 00 CNb iu Bank t -i 1 1 . 1 h2-J Cash iu Drawer 447-14 41,54000 1,407,32156 This being a new enterprise, the Par iiB assii tiled as tne market, vatue. Thomas C. Hand, Samuel E. stokes, 1 Henry Sloan, William G. Jioulton, Kdward Darlington, H. Jones Brooke, Kdward Lafourcade, Jacob P. Jones, Junies It. McKarland, ' Joshua P. Kyre. , Speucer Mcllvalne, J. H. Semple, Pittsburg, A. H. Merger, jonu u. uavia, Kdmund A. Sender, Theophllus Paulding, John It. Penrose, Junies Trat-uair, Henry C. Dallett, Jr., James C. Hand, William C. Ludwig, Joseph II. Seal, George G. Leiper, Hugh Craig. John I). Taylor, u. i. .Morgan, Jucoo liiegel. Geortfe W. liernardmi. TTIOMAS C. HANI). President. JOJIi C. DAVIS, Vice-President. Henry Lylbuun, Secretary. 1 8 1 LITERPOOL AND LONDON AMD ' GLOBE INSURANCE COMPANY Capital and Assets, $16,000,000. ' Invested in United States, $1,500,000. Total Premiums Received, "by tii Company in 1865, S4.947.175. ' Total Losses Paid in 1865, $4,018,250 All Losses promptly adjusted without releience t Enuland. ATWOOO SMITH, General Agent for Pennsylvania. OFFICE, No. 6 Merchants' Exchange PHILADELPHIA. 18 H iin ORTII AMERICAN TRANSIT KiSl'RAKCE COMPANY, KO. 33 N. l Ot ltTII STREET, PHILADELPHIA. Annual Policies Issued against General Accidents of all descriptiouB at exceedingly low rules. luburuiice ellected for one year, in any sum from tioo to 10,000, at a premium ot only one-half per cent,, securing the lull amount insured In cose of death, and a compensation each week, equal to the whole pre mium puid. Short lime Tickets for 1. 2, 8, 5, 1, or 10 days, or 1, 3, or 6 months, at 10 cents a day, InsurinK In the sum or oOoo, or giviup 118 per week ir disabled, to be had at the General Oilice, No. I'M S. FOURTH Street, Phila delphia, oral the various Railroad Ticket ollices. lie sure to purchase tbe tickets of the ISortli American Trousit Insurance Compuny. l or circulars and further information apply at the General Oilice, or of any of the authorized Agents of the Company. LKWIS L. HOUPT, President. J AM KM M. CO.NRAD, Treasurer. HKMRY C. BKOWN, Secretary. JOHN U BULLITT, Solicitor. D1RKCTOKS. I, . L. Houpt, late ol Peuusylvauia Railroad Com pany. , . J. K. Kingsley, Continental Hotel. Suuiuel C Palmer, Cashier of Com. Xatlonal Bank, II. G, Leibeuiiuts. No. '17 and 2J'J Dock street. James M. Conrad, linn of Conrad & Walton, No. 627 Market street, Knocli Lewis, late G-en. Superintendent Penna, RTt, Andrew Mehull'ey, . W. corner ol Third aud Wul nut streets. G. C. l'ranclscus, Gen. Agent Penne. B. R. Co. Thomas K. Peterson. No. Xoso Jlurket street. W.W.Kurtz, nitn of Kurtz & Howard, No. 25 3. Third street. 1 8 ly PROVIDENT LIFE AND TRUST COMPANY OF PHILADKLPH1A, No. Ill South FOURTH Street. INCORPORATED 3d MONTH, -fiid,, 1863. CAPITAL, lu0,000, PAID IN. Insurance on Lives, by Yearly Premiums; or by 5, 10, or 20 year Premiums, Non-lorlelture. Endowments, payuble at a future age, or on prior decease by Yearly Premiums, or 10 year Premiums both clttBiies No-n-forteiiure. Annuities granted on favorable terms. Term Policies. Children's Endowments. This Company, while giving the insured the security of a paid-up Capital, will divide the entire orollts of the Lite business among its Policy holders, Aloueys received at interest, aud puid on demand. Authorized by churter to execute Trusts, aud to act as Executor or Administrator, Assignee or Guurdlun, and In otlier liduciary coiiuciiies, t, nder appointment ot any Court of this Conimouweulth, or any peraou or persous, or bodies politic or corporate. DIRKCTOllH. '- 1 SAMUEL R. SHIPLEY, JOSHUA H. JJORIUS, RICHARD WOOD, RICHARD CADRURY. HENRY HAINES. T. wisTAR Brown, WM. O. LONGHTRETH, WILLIAM HACKER, CHARLES F. COFFIN. SAMUEL R.'fillll'LEY, ROWLAND PARRY,' President. Actuary, TITOMAS:WISTAR, M. D J. B. TOWNSEND, 7 27jj Medical Examiner. Legal Adviser, FIRE INSURANCE EXCLUSIVELY. THE PENNSYLVANIA FIRE INSURANCE COM PANY Incorporated 1825 Charter Perpetual No. 610 WALNUT Street, opposite Independence Siiuure. This Company, tavorubly known lo tbe community for over lorty ytars, continues to insure against lossor damage by lire on Public or Private Buildings, either peruiuneully or for u limited time. Also.ou Furniture, Slocks ol Goods, aud Merchandise generally, on liberal terms. Their Capital, together with a large Surplus Fund, Is Invested in the most careful manlier, which enables them to oiler to the Insured au undoubted security in the case of loss. i HECTORS. Daniel Smith. Jr.. John Deveroux, ' Thomas Smith, Henry Lewis, J. (illllllL.hu,, i Poll Alexander Benson, Isaac Uuleliurat. Thomas Robhins, -fAMEL smith, Jb., President. William G. Cuowka.1,, Secretary s so PIICENIX INSURANCE COMPANY OP PHILADELPHIA. 1NCO RPORATEl) lbtrt CHARTER PERPETUAL. No. m WALNUT Street, opposite Die Exchange. In addition to il A KINK and IN LAND INSUR ANCE, this Company Insures from loss or damage by FIRE lor libtrnl terms on buildings, merchandise, furniture, eic.for limited periods, and permaueutly on buildings, by deposit ot premium. . 'A'" J-"' F-t?-" ? bee!1 ' active operation for more than S1X1Y YEARk during which all losses have been promptly adjusted and paid. John L. Hodge. UlUJiX'TOKS. Lawrence Lewis,. Jr. JA. B. Manony John T. Lewis, William S. Grant. Robert W. Learning, D. Clark Wharton, Benjamin Filing, Thomas II. Powers, A. U. Mcllenry. Edmund Castillou, fcuiuuei wiicox, l.ouis INorrls. JOHN WUCUEREIt. President. Sam I'KL WlLfoj, Secielary, 41 INSURANCE COMPANIES. 1829 UIIAR1ER J'ERrETUA L. Franklin .lire Insurance o. OF rillLADRLPIIIA. AISSET Ol JAStARY 1, I80, ,306 ao. Capital' Accrued Surplus '. Premium UNSETTLI'D CLAIMS, tl 1,17 M. ino,(woo IM.SWIS l,i,.los8l IN CO MK FOR R0. (Ill 0.1 ""I. I.St:tt PAID WINCE 1830 OVI.lt 85.000,000. Perpetual and Temporary Policies on Liberal Terms DIRECTORS. CliarleH N. Bnncker, Tobias Wi (tner, Samuel Grunt, George W. Rlcbaid.4, Isaac Lea, CHARLES N, .Edward C. Dale, ;Georgo Fates, Alfred Ulicr, l raucis W. Lewis, M. D. U'eter McHnll. BANCKI'.H, President. EOWARI) C DA LK, Vice-President, JA8. W. MCALLISTER. Secretary pro teni. 11 INSURANCE COMPANY OF NORTH AMERICA. OFFICE, SO. 2'3WALKCT IsT., PHILADELPHIA IK CORTORATED I7f4. CI1 AR IER 1 KRPETUAL CAPITAL, t&U.liO Asitts, Januaiv 8, 1867, $1,763,267'33. INSURES MARINE, INLAND IRAN SFORT ATI0N and FIRE RI3E8 DIKKCTOHS. Artt.nrG. CofllB, . George L. Harrison. Bamuel W. Joi.es. B ranuis R. Cone. John A. Ilronn, Cnaries i sylor, Anibro'C W hlte, Richard D. Wood, William Weish, 8 Morris Wain, John 1'aeon, Kdward II. 'Hotter, FOwaril H. Clarke, Wil lam Cummin;", T. Charlton Henry, Alirrd U. Jrssup, John P. White. Louis C Madeira ARTHUR G. COFFlS, President CSABLE8 Plait, Secrttary. WILLIAM BUEHLER, HarriBburu, Pa., Central Ageirt for Uie State of Pennsylvania. SHIRTS, FURNISHING GOODS,&C. J W. SCOTT & CO., SHIRT MANUFACTURERS, '-.' AND DEAtKltS IS I MEN'S FU LiNISIIING GOODS, No. 8I . C'lIEWXUT SritKKT, FOtR DOOBS BELOW THE "CONTINENTAL." 82"8rp . PHILADELPHIA.', PATENT SHOULDER-SEAM SHIRT MANUFACTORY, AM) tiE?iTI.EMEN'( Fl'RXISHINU MTORE PERFECT FITTING SHIRTS AND DRAWERS made from measurement at very short notice. All other articles of GENTLEMEN'S DRESS GOODS in full variety. ; , . , ' WINCHESTER CO., 1 113 ' . No. 70fl CHESNUT Street. WHISKY, BRANDY, WINE, ETC. (JALU0MIA Vim COMPANY WINES, From the Vineyard! of Sonoma, Log Angelot, and Wapa Counties, California, consist ing of tho following: WISE BITTERS, ASUKL1CA, i buerkV, , , ... iiOCK, A1U8CATF.L, . ' CATAWBA, CLARET, 1'OiiTJ URAUDY. CUAMPAGNI. Thce WIHEB are -warranted to be the pure juice prape, on-aurptsttd by any In the market, ana are h recommended for Medicinal and family purposes. FOR SALE BY . E. L. CAUFFMAN. " ' AGENT, No. 1 North FOURTH Street lJllitHu2ia ,, PHILADELTHIA Q.REAT RBVOLUTI02) . IN. THE . TOE TRADE OF THE UNITED STATES Pure California Champagne, Hade ano prepared aa If done in France, from pa California Wine, and taklra the place of I m pone Champagne... .... wvfc the undenigtied ncnld call tte atten o. W Dealers and Botel Eceptrs to the foil letter, -which jloj wlvea come . idea o the quality of the I Wine . 'C-0KT1KFKTAL HOTEL, rBILlPELTIlIA, Oct 25, 1866. " Mksshb. Boucbeb A Co. ''Uentlen.ent Having vlven yonr California Chain, pagat a thoiouch test, we take pleasure In saying tha tliink it the bin American Wine we have ever used We shall at once place it on out bill of fare. "Souib truly, . . J. E. KLNGHLEY 4 CO. CALL and IKY OCIt CALIFOKSIA CHAUFAGK BOUCHER &. CO., ! . II 2U tuthoSirO No. 86 DET Btreet, Ne York. A. MAYER, Agent, 710 BAN80M 8t, PhUadelphla. FERTILIZERS. 3 A U C H ' S RAW BONE , Tli tyrant. tV.lll.,nB f Li, . . actlou, and peivniuueiil in its ellecis. Eslablinhed over Dealers supplied by the cnrjjo, direct from the wharf Miinulauiured only by . ' ' BAUO II A SONS, : ', Oilioc No. 20 South DELAWARE Avenue, Msmw, , Philadelphia. iMAiO MATED TIIOSPIUTE, AN I ASHtlASSED FKItTILIXER For Whcut,f)orn, Oats, Potatoes, Grass, tbe Vegeiable . eardea,Erult Trees, Grapevines, Etc. Etc Ee1nhithSetiC0Utalns Grouctl Boue " J'Jebest Price -,1,0 jr ton of Vw pounds. For sale by the KYllltlll I ui 'I II rit-Ai w WltLlAM ELLIS & CO., Chimlsts, IViati No. 724 MARKET Street. CUTLERY, ETC. CUTLERY, A One asuortment of POCKET an TABLB CIJTLKUY. HAZOHH. lt, ZOR 8TBOP8. LADIES HCI880U lLOUfl BREAKS, ETC.. tAOO'J fAi-t.lt AiiU XAlLOUfl Oi J 8 tore, JfO. 1S fcouth TENTH Htreet, Three doors above Walnut J V. n ILl.Altll.il K THE NEWS-STAND, a W. CORNER BltVENTH an4 CHEffkoT Streets is open dally pntll P. M.. lor the (ale of Hie leadlua Mornln. Evening. Weekly, funday, and Illusiraied fiefisiiuuen of thla eltyj to(t(hei with tlie ew Yort duin wetkiiet, tto. JK -aWH IB REMOVAL. J E M O A To accommodnte onr continually liirrfdMug bust ness, we have taken the commodious ro-um. SECOND 8TURY, NEW LEDGER EITILDING, S. W. Corner SIXTH and CHESNUT Bte., (Entrance on Kl.vtu street). Into which wn have reumvort, w-hpre e Shall be pleased to Bee onr many patrons and Ir'eiidv J. M. BUADSTREKT A BON. J. II. Brooke, Superintendent Philndi .t.hia Office. 1'hilndelrhla, February 2, ISII7,; 22 1m R E M O V .A .1. E. H. THARP, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, BEMOVED TO No. 32 South Til IB 0 Stmt COLLECTIONS made on all parts of the Unite States - 2 2 iiu4p DEEER & FEARS REMOVED TO NO. 411 PRLNKt htreet. DKEKlt A SEA 118, lormerly ol Golilnmlth'n Hail, Library Mlioct. havu,.removed to No. 412 1'KUNE Htreet, Imtwefii Fourth ami Filth slieets, where they will continue llieir .Mamiractory ol Wold Chains, llnucliti, etc. In every variety. Also the mile ol line Gold, liiver, and Cojper. OiiFUuld and "silver bought. January 1, iw.T. 1 19.1m ROOFING. , j mt n OLD SHINGLE ROOFS (FLAT OH STEEP) COVER r.l-i V 11 11 JU11JM S Jl.MtiijIflL l(.Nf 1ISU (. LAITll, And coated with LIQUID GUTTA PEKCIIA PAINT, making them perlectly water-proof. LEAKY GRAVEL KOOi'H repaired with Guttapercha Paint, and warranted for live years. LEAKY BLATE ROOVH coaled with lliiuld which becomes as hard as slate. TIN, COPPER. ZINC, or IRON coated with Mould Onitn Perclin at small expense. Cost ranRlng from one to two cents per squore loot.. Old Hoard or t-liinnle Roofs ten cents per sitiaie foot, all complete. Materials constantly on hand and lor sale hv the PHILADELPHIA AND PENNSYLVANIA HOOF ING COMPANY. O EOHG K HOBAKT, H 2 6m No. -liu N. FOURTH Street. X O O JT I N O. OI. I) 'I.K IKSOFV, FLAT ORNTERP, TO V Kit t It 'Villi 4.1 I I A I-Kltdli KOOF-J4J- I.O'l'Il.niMl roateC. with I.l4(i;il 4Ji;TTA 1'EKUI.i 1'AIST, wukingthem perlectly water proof, l.KAHV fiKAVKL ROOFS repaired with Gutta Perclia Paint, and uarranted lor live yeai'M. I.KAKY M.4TK R04W coated with Liquid Gull a perch a Paint, which becomes as hard as slute. orTIK( OIPt:K.ZI.-l ,and RN KUOFS this 1111111 is tlie nc nlni mh a 01 all other protection. It forms a perlectly impervious covering, completely resists the action of the weather, and constitutes a thorough protection HRrtlnt leaks by rust or other wise, price only trom one to two cents per square ri,'rix mid tit.vvr.L, roofixu done at the sliortesl notice. Material constantly on hand and for tale by the MAMMOTH KOOFI NO 'OII.4NV. KLtlil.KVS .V IIVKKETT, 121Bm No. aoa (.-iREEN Street. LUMBER. QA1? -SEI-ECT WHITE PINE B0ARD& i-OU I . AND PLANK. 4-4, 5-4, 6-4, 'i. 2'i, 8, and 4 Inch -i , CHOICE PANEL AND 1st COMMON, 16 feet long. 4-4. 5-4, ti-4, 2, a;;, 3, and 4 lucli WniTE PINE. PANEL PATTERN PLANK. . LARGE AND "SUPERIOR STOCK ON HAND.' 1861 f7 -BUILDING1 B UILDJNO . BUILDING ! LUMBER! LUMBER! LUMBER J 4-4 CAROLINA FLOORING. 6-4 CAROLINA ELOOKING. . 4-4 DELAWARE FLOORING. . ... 8-4 DELAWARE FLOORING WHITE PJNE FLOORING. ' ASH ELOORING. WALNUT FLOORING. bPRUCE FLOORING. STEP no IDS. RAIL PLaKK. PLASTERING LAT0. 1867; -CEDAR AND CYPRESS SHINGLES. LONG CEDAR P II INGLES. SHORT CEDAR KHlNGLE.-i. COOPER KI1 INGLES. FINE ASSORTMENT FOR SALE LOW. ' No. 1 CEDAR LOGS AN I) POSTS. No. 1 CEDAR LOGS AND POSTS. i QAT LUMBER FOR UNDERTAKERS I XOO I . LUMBER FOR UNDERTAKERS! RED CEDAR, WALNUT, AND PINK. RED CEDAR. If A LNUT, AND PINK CAT AlBANYl UMBER OP ALL KINDS. J.OO I ALBANY LUMBER OV ALL KINDS. REASONED WALNUT. REASONED WALNUT. DRY POPLAR. CHERRY, AND ASH. OAK PLANK AND BOARDS. MAHOGANY. ROSEWOOD, AND WALNUT VENEER8. i QAV CIGAR-BOX MANUFACTURERS. lOu I CIGAR-BOX MANUFACTURERa. (?PANiSH CEDAR BOX BOARDS. QAT SPRUCE JOIST I SPRUCE JOIST! jLOU I , fcPRUCE JOIS'11 SPRUCE JOIST, FROM 14 TO S2 FEET LOXG. PROM 14 TO 32 FEET LONG. SUPERIOR NORWAY SCANTLING. M.AULE, BROTHER & CO., 11 22 6mrp No. iX0 SOUTH STREET. PERKINS, LUMBER MERCHANT. Successor to B. Clark, Jr., KO. 324 CHRISTIAN STREET. ConMastlj cn band, a laipo and varied assortment Uullolnii 1 umber. 5'U TO CONTRACTORS AND MINERS. THE Commissioners on the Troy and Greenfield Rail road and Ht.osiicTunuel, acting for the State of Mm sachusctts, Invite Proposals, uutll the loth day of March next, for KxaWfUlug bttid Tunnel at three duieieiil sections of that work. This Tunnel, wheu completed, will be about 4s miles In length, extending fiom the town ol Florida, through the Hoo-iac Mountalu, to the town of Nortii Adams. The Eastern End hns been penetrated from the grade of tbe Railroad sr0Vleet, 24(Ki leet of which con sist of an opening of about lo cubic yards to each lineal loot, the same to be enlarged to a section cou taluliiK about l?cublc yails to each foot; Die remain ing lliiOfeet beliitc beading now measuring upon au average 4 cubic yards per running foot to he enlarged to the lull section ; making some 116,000 cubic yards to be removed. A lurther ectlon of the work will also be let to tbe succt sslul bidder for tbe above-named enlargement, If sullsluctory terms shall be offered. Tbe II estcrn End Is worked Irom Shalt 318 feet deep. The euaterly heading Irom this shaft of about Six cubic yards to each lineal foot extends ) 100 feet, and Is to be enlarged lo a section containing 17 yards per foot, requiring the removal of 1 V cubic yards. Bids for that amount, una lor an extension in either, direction of the li end 1113 and enlargement at this point, will be received. . ..... The (nja AVid of un elliptical forto. 2? to 15 feet, now 4(4) leet in depth, is to be sunk to grade, 1U30 feet from tiio surface, requiring the removal of about Sow cubic yards. All Hie work to be done Is In Talcose State, hii will requlrt) .neither ma.ioury nor supports or any kind. Buildings, machinery, and means of ventilation, all Of the most subbtiintial character, have been provided, and will be furnished to coutrai.'tors. Ample sureties will be reoulred from parties who may be contraoied with, and tlie Coir.inlisKloiiera re serve the right to reject all otters that muy be made. Plans and specifications may be seen 011 applica tion to A LVAH CROCKER, at tlie Engineer's Oilice, North Adams. Massachusetts: and other information may be obtained from JAMEs M. BUL PE, Room No lo, No. IS Exchange street, Boston, to whom pro poeais may be directed. ja A LVAH CROCKER. CH ARLES U U DSON. o Commissioners. Boston January 30. 1867 j 4W g L A T E MANTELS. PLATE aiAaiii-o are JusnrpaBted for Durability Beaut Strength, anl Cheapness. fcLATE MASTEL8 and b late Work General! y-mad-t. 10 Ol der. J. B KIMES & OO, I (. i;Cnd-Jl':8CBK3S(.T B 1