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SUNDAYS XXCIPTCD) AT THJB EVENING TELEGRAPH BUILDING, NO. 108 S. THIRD STRBBT. nnubl flhoat), or Eighteen OdU par Wk, payable W "J"' , q..:,k , f tti. olty at Nine Dollar lor T Mentha, Invariably In .u WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1867. KeTacational Reform in England. Thh prssant educational system of England WW established centuries ago, when the sphere of human knowledge was restricted to the domain of classical literature, mathe matioe, and philosophy. The great Unlrersi ties at Cambridge and Oxford are as thorough and effloient in these departments ef know ledge as an in the world; and in answer to the demands for practical instruction which Lare characterized the last half century, they bare in. a measure given the new sciences a tacit recognition. But they still adhere jealouly to the old curriculum of the Middle Ages, and U the changes which hare been xp.&e have assumed the form of excrescences rather than that of inherent portions of the System as a whole. The same remarks will apply to the great so-called pnblie sohools of Eton, Rugby, ud Harrow, at all of which, as at the Universities, the greater portion of the pupil's time is deroted to researches among the dry bones of a dead civilisation. The University Of Cambridge dates baok by tradition to the Seventh oentury; that of Oxford to the year 872; while Eton was established in 1446, Harrow in 1571, and Rugby about the same time as the latter. With the magnificent endowments whioh the lapse of centuries has given them, their sphere of usefulness at the present day is limited only by their desire to ineet the demands of the times. Unfortu nately this is very weak, and in consequence the whole list of the old-established institu tions of learning in England are contributing but little to the cause of civilization and pro gress. Such thorough classical scholars as the present Earl of Derby and Mr. Gladstone lure produoed in abundanoe; but the substan tial scholars of England have either received their education at some of the more recently founded institutions, or have devoted years to private study, after escaping from the obso lete network of Oxford and Cambridge. Mr. Eobert Lowe, an enlightened and pro gressive member of the British Parliament, Xeoently delivered at Edinburgh an eloquent Address, in whioh he showed how great was the neoesaity for a thorough reformation of the whole system of higher eduoation in the Mother Country. Referring to the Universi - ties, Mr. Lowe said: 'They give an enormona bounty an enor mnm nramlum to the study of the dead lan- oiiairra &nl the Dure mathematics. Well, tue iitnilT of the dead launuauea and pure mathe matics are noble and valuable studies, and It that waa all I should not object: but yon know that you cannot give a premium toonesiuay Without in some degree discouraging another. And ulLhoiiffu their first effeot Is to Klve a pre mium to those studies, their collateral and far more important eUect Is to discourage, I would Bay destroy, all the other studies I have enume rated, and which appear to me ao Infinitely well worthy of the first place in eduoation. How can you expect these studies will have fair play, When they are handcuired in that manner. When the whole weight of the enormous en dowments, amountluir to half a million an- nnullr lalhrnwn Into the soale of the de d language and the study of pure mathematics?" Nor is the state of popular primary educa tion in England much better off. But here the evil is of a different character, resulting from the manner in whioh the assistance of the Government is bestowed. The authorities never take the initiative In the establishment ef sohools for the poorer classes. Whenever and wherever private enterprise begins the Work, and proseontes it until it has obtained a. respectable footing, sufficient to insure suc cess, the Government steps in with peouniary and other aid. From this course results a Tory unfortunate state of affairs. In the Words of Mr. Lowe, "the Government gives Wilitn.oe where it is least wanted, and with, holds tt where it is most wanted." In the light of this confession, and that whioh is farther afforded . hy the fact, as stated by Mr. Lowe, that the prinoipal ngenoy of primary eduoation in the country districts is the clergy, we are surprised to find that the speaker proceeded at consider able length "to point out the superiority of the English to the American system.'.' The country olergy of England, as a class, are in telligent and well educated, despite the beg garly salaries which they reoeive. But the great majority of them have been trained either at Oxford or Cambridge, and are tho roughly wadded to the obsolete systems there pursued. Moreover, the clergy as a class are not the proper agency of education, especially in a country in which the population are dis tributed among a great variety of sects. It is all Well enough for the children of those who adhere to the dominant faith, but for the dis senting portion the case is exactly the reverse. The field for proselytlam is too large, the temptation to reclaim ''heretics" too strong; nd, as . a consequence, the children of those Who differ with the leaohers on doctrinal point must either be denied the opportu nities of instruction, or subjected to what is re garded ai Irreligious contamination. In consequence of the great accessions re cently made to the voting class, Mr. Lowe Argued wisely that "it is not merely desirable, it is all-important and essential, for the pre fcerrallon of the institutions ? of the country, that those persons should be able, properly and Intelligently, to discharge the duties en trusted' to them." To satisfy this pressing demand for increased educational facilities, the speaker sketched a proposed plan, whioh Is nothing more nor less than the system sow prevalent in the United States. It embraced THE DAILY KVKK ING TELEGRAPg PmLADELPniA, WEDNESDAY, of the poorer classes ought to be undertaken by the State; that In eduoation the Btate should represent the secular, and not the reli gions element; that the calling forth of looal energies is preferable to a centralised system; and that a supervision should be exerolsed by the State, not leaving everything in the hands of those who carry on the work. Mr. Lowe, however, laid down another proposition, not generally aocepted in this country, to the effect that it should be the duty of the Gov ernment to ascertain the amount of efficiency in the schools, and to render assistance in proportion to the results. With respeot to the reform so greatly needed in the higher in stitutions, Mr. Lowe argued that their enor mous endowments are, in reality, the property of the nation, and that the Government, as its representative, should emancipate them from their "present narrow application, so that the emoluments to be obtained for learning shall be impartially distributed among all the branches of human knowledge." The discussion of this grave question across the ocean should have the effeot of calling our own attention to it afresh. . We do not need reform bo much as extension. The whole South presents a vast and open field for the school master. The inexorable "loglo of events" has suddenly plaoed the ballot in the hands of a race just released from the most debasing servitude, and the preservation of our insti tutions demands, in the language of Mr. Lowe, that these people "should be able, properly and intelligently, to discharge the duties en trusted to them." Oub hohbst Democratic contemporary at Fifth and Chesnut streets, in its telegraphio despatches this morning in reference to the Pittsburg election, does not hesitate to alter the Associated Press despatch, so as to make it read: "The Democratic candidates for Mayor, etc., were elected by nearly 3000 ma jority.". The despatch, as sent by the Asso ciated Press, read: "The Workingmen's and Labor Reform candidates." But what matters it if truth be sacrificed in order that political capital may be manufactured ? In Pittsburg there has been, for some time, three parties the Republican, Democratic, and Labor Re form, , the latter of which was composed of workingmen in the various foundries. At the late election the Republicans nominated a ticket, and the Labor Reform; but the Demo crats, knowing their cause was hopeless, did not. By voting for the Labor movement they insured its success; but, in reality, the newly elected officers are Republicans, but differ from the regular nominees on the question of the rights of the working classes. This is all of the Democratic (!) victory in Pittsburg. EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENCE. Kansas Her Position The Great Cen tral State Her Climate Hot Summer, Beautiful Falls and Winters The Ques tion of Drouths Peculiarity of thi Soil Kaln Kough. Lawkesok, Kansas, Deo. 8, 18G7. rrobably no Btate in the Union has been more thoroughly written about and talked about than Kansas; and yet I have uniformly fonnd at the East that few people have any correct idea regarding the Btate, except in so far as relates to its political history, and even that is often greatly misapprehended. I shall devote this letter to some practical observations concerning the situation, soil, climate, produc tions, and resources of this groat Central Btate. I call it a "Central" Stale because it comes more nearly to being In the centre of the country than any other member of the republic Talcing the parallel of 40 north latitude as the central parallel of the United States, and the east and west boundaries of Kansas are very nearly equidistant, from the Atlantic and Ptiotflo oceans, while its northern and southern boun daries are about the same distance respectively from the British possessions and the Gulf of Mexico. The State is situated between the 37th and 10th parallels of north latitude, and between MU and 102 of west longitude. The north ern line of the State is in the exact latitude of Philadelphia, the southern is In that of Nor folk. Washington. Cincinnati,. St. Louis, and Lawrence are situated in almost the same east -and west ' line. The Slate, it will be seen, oocuoles about the same latitude aa Missouri, Keutuoky, Virginia, and Southern Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio. Its climate resembles that of the States mentioned, except that it la unmodified by mountain ranges, or by proximity to large bodies of water. I do not know a mountain or anything- that could fairly be called a marsh in the whole State. I do not remember, during a residence of. nearly ttn years In It, or on its borders, to have seen a real foggy day. The air is very clear, dry,' and bracing, the prevailing winds being from the South, and Southwest. It used to be thought that -on this account Kansas would be an -eminently favorable ooun-: try for persons afflicted with pulmonary com plaints. .To a certain extent It -rnay be so, but I have witnessed many cases of genuine con sumption here, and. lung fevers are. a frequent form of disease, and sometimes of a fatal type. The country has not been settled for a sufficient length of time to allow of climatic Influence revealing themselves In those born and brought up ou tue solL ' . ----- The summers here, rule, are very hot- more so. I think, than in the same latitude on the Atlantic slope. There is, however, a con atant breeie blowing over the prairies, which goes far to mitigate the rigors of the beat; and the nights, even in midsummer, are almost always cool and pleasant. ' I once took a long trip throngh the southern portion of -the Stale, tn July, in an open buggy, with only an urn brella as a defense against the sun, and expe rienced no more lnoonvenience than I should have done In the East. There are times, how- erer. when these nralrle winds become a scourge. After a long spell of hot, dry weather a hot wind sometimes springs up from the south or southwest, increasing In violence to a HQ gale, and resembling a blast from the Open door of a furnace. Vegetation wilts and withers beneath it; all labor is suspended, and animal life 1 even sometimes endangered by it. The storm usually lasts for from twenty Jour to forty. eight hours. These ooourreuoes, however. axe rare. From 1857 to 1865 1 knew of only two, one during the great drougtu of 18(10, and one in racjiLciuuur, lBtii. The autumns are delightful, and freouentlr the beautiful fall weather prevails throughout agoou portion or the winter. Nothing could ua more ueauiuui, ior lnaUaoe. than the day upon which I write this letter. The sky is an- famed skies of Italy. There is a gentle breese from the south, and all kind of oat-door labor can be performed as wetl an In October. I loon out at the window, and behold carpenters work ing upon buildings, children playing In the yards, and if.my vision reached to the oountry, I should see farmers ploughing In their fields. There was a flurry of snow hore on Thanksgiv ing Day, followed by three or four disagreeable days, but aside from this episode", the weather ras been moil oharmlng since September. I have known this kind of weather to last more than half the winter. In 1857-8 there was a succes sion ol these warm, brilliant, cloudless days, from the 1st of December to the 23d of January. On the other hand, I have known some severe winter weather in Kansas, and in the winter of 1860-61 there was a heavy snow whioh re mained on the ground for weeks. The cold here, as In all prairie countries, is.verymuoh intensified by the terrible, unbroken sweep of the winds. The thermometer, uuder such cir cumstances, will speedily run down to below aero, and I have known the Kansas river to freeze over In a single night. March and April are about the most disagreeable months In the year, being attended by almost constant high winds' from the west, generally raw and ohllly. The later spring Is charming, with Us afllueuoe of flowers and its rich abundanoe of all kinds of vegetable life. But is not Kansas subject to terrible drouths T is a question very frequently asked. The Slate bas now been settled by white men for about fourteen years. During that period there has been but a single season in which there was any general failure of crops from dry weather. Missionaries who have lived with the Indians for thirty years, and the inhabitants of the Missouri border, who have known the oountry an equal length of time, unite in saying that that; year was an exceptional one. There is probably, on an average, a smaller fall of rain in Kansas than la the States east of the Mis sissippi; but from my own observations, both at the East and the West. I am satisfied that with deep, careful tillage a farmer In Kansas will lose fewer orops from dry weather during a period of ten years than a farmer in Ohio or New York will. One reason for this Is the deep retentive character of the soil here, which enables it to absorb and retain large quantities of water, and which Is a safeguard both against wet weather and dry. The top soil is a rich black loam, underlaid by a porous black clay subsoil four or five feet in depth. Into this the water desoends during heavy rains, and Is held in reserve for the demands of the crops during dry weather. Even during the great drouth of 1800. the soil was moist a few inches below the snrfaoe and tome farmers, who had ploughed their land to an extra depth, succeeded in raising a fair crop of corn, with almost literally no rain from the time of planting to that of harvest. With deep, thorough, subsoil oulture the Kan sas farmer may make himself almost indepen dent of the weather. It must not be inferred, however, that the rain fall is slight here. The records kept by the Government authorities at Fort Leavenworth show that its nearly as large as that of the States eaBt of the Mississippi. Last spring thero was an excess of rain all through this section of the country, and the highest water I ever saw in the Kansas river was in August, 1858, caused by rain. Taking one year with another, there is as much rain here as the country needs. I find that some of the topics prepared for this letter must be postponed for my next. T. D- T. SPECIAL NOTICES. For addutonal Special tfoUaet Bee the Inxlrte JPaot. PERFUME ON THE WIRES. A SI PAST as the telegraph Is extended South, lightning messsge ror supplies oi r ha IAIN'S "M1UHT HLOOM1NU CKRKUS" come flying over the wired. Is ever were a people more unanimous about any thing than Americans of all sections In aonrnvinff this staple perlumeof the New World. Toledo Hidde n UNION LEAGUE HOUSE. Phtladklpia, Dec. 1(1, 1867. ' At a meeting of the UNION LKAOUE of Phlladel. fitala, held Monday evening, December 0th. the fol lowing o Ulcers were elected to serve for Uie ensuing year: v rRKSIDBNT, 3. GILLINGUAM FELL, VIOKFBKBIDBNTS, WILLIAM H. A8HHURST, HORACE BINNKY. Ja , ADOLPH K. BOKIB, MOKTON MoMICUAEL. niKHOTORH. : CHARLES GIHHOVS, OKOROK H. KOKKR, , LINDLEY 8MYTHK, j ' DANIEL SMITH. Ja., .. ' ' ' WILLIAM SELLERS. . JAMES U. ORNE, EDWARD 8. CLARKE, t EDWARD BROWNING, STEPHEN A. CALDWELL, - 1 . , A. H. PKANCISCUB, ..... GEOKGK J. OROHH, . " JOHN P. VERRKE, .. . , ' JAMK8 L. CLAGUORN. ,, - (1 J-Jll It I J- AJda .t : SAUNDERS LEWIS. ' . , UKOU41E H, BOKER, , Secretary. mi A DIVIDEND OP ONE PEB CENT. I this dav declared bv the WALLACE OIL COMPANY, parable on demand at their oiUce, No. 818 WA LN OT (street. . t , F. DT. STEEL, Secretary. Philadelphia, December 10, m. it or'--- I , offer rou CHRISTMAS PRESENTS, i ' STECK t'O.'S riAHOS. ' ." . XTAINEM BROS.' riAKOS, 1 .. .l amd ' " - : ' - JIAkOK dt HAMLIN'S CABINET OBUANtt. ' THICKS TO SUIT TUB TIMES. MHlwip SPECIAL ncou CTION. GEORGE FRYER, i .. . . i , ; Mo. Old CI1ESNUT STRBBT, Haa ' till further REDUCED TUB PRICES of his MICH DKKHH UOODS AND SHAWLS, with a view ot recJuol. g the tock before Jaouarr L Purciiaiiera will do well 10 call, ai the Oo dn are all SIJPK -RIOH If QUALITY, and will be old MUCH LS8 THAN Bow M the time to buy a SEAL INDIA SHAWL OKbC'ARF. for a Christmas it- Th price are lower, and they will be sold at prices that cannot Call to give satisfaction , . . , . ( GEORGE FBTEB, t U 11 6t NO, 18 CHESNUT STREET. rjIIOICE FINE CONFECTIONS, Put op In Heat Boxes suitable for Presen. HAINES & LEEDS, ! '. MANDFACTOItlRa Or . choice ;fine confections, No. OOO MAUKIlT Street, AI SO. A SPEENDID ASSORTMENT OF IS 1AICI BWXM AND GI.ACEO tuiiiis. SILK,' ALPACA, AND GINOIIAM . J i . f HBBELUSi . 4 FOR IIQLTDAY PRESENTS , . ' A Has assortment now rsadr, ! ' :.. limit Joseph rtrssEix, . , . 7 os. I anl W, FOURTH .SUtst. fUUi." ' NOT ONE SHALL BE DISAPPOINTED T O - 33 -A, Y. Olt DCllINU mi NEXT THIRTY DAYS. WE ARE SELLING OFF OUR STOCK OF NF.W AND ELEGANT UOODS AT CUEATL1 REDUCED PRICES. WE CAUTION 01U CUSTOMERS AND TIIEITBIIC AUAINST I.I STEM I N U TO WHAT INTERESTED PEBSONS MAT SAT AS It EG A It D8 OUB GOODS OB PHICES, DVT Call and Jud for Themselves. WK ABE DETERMINED TO SELL QUICKLY AND GIVE ENTIRE SATISFACTION. EDWIN HALL & CO., No. 23 SOUTH SECOND STREET; IS 11 St PHILADELPHIA. A NEW BOOK sr MRS. SOUTHWORTH. THE WIDOW'S SON, By Mrs- Emma D. E. N. Southworth, la PUBLISHED THIS DAT, AND FOR BALE BV T. B. PETERSON & BROTHERS, NO. S06 CHESNUT STREET, Pill LA. THK WIDOW'S BON. By Mrn. F.mma D. E. N. hi utli worth, author of "The Loet Heiress." Com plete In one larne duodecimo volume, bound iu cloth, lorl'i'OO: or In paper cover for 1'60. Extract from Preface of the work: - I wish to say to my friend, that thl tale Is do mere flctluu. The scene lu the Widow's Outage are pho tegmphrd lrom life. Che history of "Tue Widow's fSou"lsthat ef one of our wealthiest merchants and moHt celebrated philanthropists. JL D. fe. S. Swuth. wokth. T. B. PETER90N fc BROTHER9 have also Just Issued a new. uniform, and complete edition of the other popular wor's sy Mrs. Emma D. E.N. South worth. Price ot each 1 2-oo in cloth, or f rso in paper. Their names are as follows: The Widow's 8-n. India; P. arl tf Pearl River. iirmeoi iieweuyn. vivia; etecrei or rower. For tune Be ker. Xjove ijanor won. Gipsy s Prophesy. Lady of the Isle. J.ret Melrens. Come of CUlton. W other lu-law. Deiteried Wife. Fatal Marriage. Bridal Kve. .Retribution. . Atlnslng Bride. Dicarded Daughter. Haunted Homestead. Tnree Beauties. The Two bisters. Wile's Vlolory. . . AUworiu Abbey. All books sent postage paid on receiptor retail price. All books published are to sale by us the moment tl ey are issued from the Dress, at Publishers' prices. Call In person, omeadfor whataverbooks you want, to T. B. PETERSON A II ROT HE Its, lUp Ko.SJSOHE8NUTst.eet, Philadelphia, Pa, , JCY GOOD BOOKS CHEAP DUFFIELD ASHMEAD'3, ' No. 724 CHESNUT Htreet. NOW 18 THE OPPORTUNITS-. In order to reduce our stook, we are selling . ' GOOD BOOKd at SO per cent, discount. GOOD BOOKS at 78 per cent discount. ' GOOD BOOKS at to per cent, discount. Mote than 1000 volumes ol Standard Worki la every department of literature at the above dlsoounu from Publishers' prices. , i ' , ; , - AT A LARGE DISCOUNT, our whole stock of Books, comprising the Urgent and nest selected assortment in the country. Call at once at -V ! ' " " " " J No. 7M CHESNUT Street, , . . . i . . , and make your selections. ' ,'''' Store open In the evening. - ' 12 llwthH4p BOOKS CHEAPER IIIN ANT 8I0BB IN THE CITY. . , , , -i AT NO. ISI I CHESNUT STREET. JiOW DISPLAYED OS IMMKNSK COUNTER", Extending IOC feet on each side of the store, a ORAM) ASSORTMENT Oil' , , HOLIDAY BOOKS, - . i Ja every tuyle of blurting, ' i - JUVENILE BOOKS. For Boys and Olrls. an Immense assortment. ' ' TOY BOOKS, . . In beautiful colors or plain, the best and largest UiCk In ths city. T . , KVIiKYTlllNQ AT A LABOE DISCOUNT. U BOOKS SELLING AT 25 CUNTS. 2 books Selling at m im.vTi , fT60 BOOKS SELLING AT IS CENTS.' ' , . A new lot of these Cheap Books now ready for in spection. early and avoid the great ruth. .... C all and look over our ouoiers. ' .Store open until 10 o'clock each venlog. - - JAMES . CLAXTON,. KUft " ' ' " ' No. HMCHMNUT Street. WlLLOOX & GIBBS' Chestnut K. - Street. M A C riiilad'a. k W N SEWING 'MACHINE POINT PA n r 2 , RUN N I SO RACE. -TBURSDAY, 1EEHBEB It, 1807. HATCH SSOO. .1.11 I HALF MILE AND REPEAT. VOOU DAY. ,. - i . . . .t '. , . . i , .. ' ' i t t U.H. VABRETTNABIESU. . CRICKET, K.B, AttLUKBY NAMES U, iu. PANXUKH, DECEMBER 11, 180T. Q L O D C MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY, NEW YOItK. FLINT FREEMAN, President. LOBING ANDBEWR, Vlo-Prildent. JOHN A, IIAKIUHBKRQnj ' J3ENBY C. IT BEE HAN, Secretary. CASH ASSETS . .1,000,000 OBGANIZKD JUNE. 1864. ALL POLICIES NON-FORFEITABLE. PRE MIUMS PAYABLE IN CASH. LOSSES PAID IN CAPn. IT RECEIVES NO NOTES; AND UlVJCd NONE, . By the provisions of lu Charter, the entire surplus talongs to Policy Holders, and most be paid to them In Dividends, or reserved for their greater security. Dividends are made on tbe contribution plan, and paid annually, commencing two years from the date ofihePolloy. It bas already made two Dividends, amounting 9103,000-00, An' amount never before equalled during tbe Brat three years of anv company, FREE PERMISSION UITKN TO TRATEI IN THE UNITES! SlATtS AND ECROPB AT ALL SEASONS OF THE YEAR. NO POLICY FEE IIUlIIlKKn. FEJIALE RISKS TAKEN ATI IIE USUAL. PRINTED HA1ES, NO EXTRA PREMIUM BEING DEMANDED. Applications for a'l kinds ot Policies, Life, Ten Year Life, Kndowrrent, Term, or Children's Endow men is taken, and all Information cheerfully afforded at the RHANCH OH M E OF THE COMPANY, No. 408 WALNUT Street, PHILADELPHIA, ELMES & QRIFFITTS, MANAGERS. Department of State of Pennsylvania. Cbablbs E. Elm k, late of Phlla National Bank. W. J. Obiffitts. Jr. 10 23 ws2IMp Fire, Marine and .Accident Insurance effected tbe most reliable C mpanies ol this citv, and luthosi of New York, New Knichind and Baltimore JpOR THE INFORM A.TION OP HOLDERS OT GOVERNMENT SEOURITLKS. who may wish to convert them into the FIRST MORTGAGE BONDS or Tnx Union Pacific Railroad Co., We publish below the terms upon which they may now be exchanged at tbe office of the Agents of the Company In this city, WM. PAINTER ACO., NO. SO SOUTH THIRD STREET. We would to-day give these bonds and pay a diffe rence of . . 1206-83 taking In exchange U. 8. 6s of 1881. $166 83 do. do. 6-20's Of 18(50. 112768 . do. do. t-20'8 Of IMM. 187 58 do. do. &-20'sof 1865, MayANov. 151-33 do. do. 5-20's of '65, Jan. fc July. 1161-88 do. do. 5-2fl'S of '67. do. 193-83 do. do. 5 9 cent. 10-tO's. do. $16918 do, do, 7$. lCy. June Issue. 1153-18 do. do. s-lo t i July Issue. (For every thousand doll We offer these bonds to the public, w 1th every con fidence In their security. Philadelphia, Nov. 21, 18fi7.. 12 2 4p CHERRY WINE. A NEW INVOICE OF CHOICE TAIILE NIIIRRT, THE NAME AS Wl HAVE NO LONtt FURNISHED AT A EW PRICE, IN SHALL CASKS, (SO tJAELONS EACH), OB BY THE DEMIJOHN. AISO, YET ON II AND, A PORTION OF OUR LAST IMPORTATION OF UIOHAND MEDIUM ORADES VERY FINK SHERRY, DIRECT IROH THE CELEBRATED HOUSE OF UON SALES DUUOSC,XERES, RY THE CASK Oil RETAIL. : i 1 r .1 : . I s ' SIMON C0LT0N CLARKE, S. W. COB. BROAD AND WALNUT STS. l ),,...: v. , 10 22 PHILADELPHIA. QRIPPEN & MADDOCK, ! lLate W. L. Maddock 4 Co.), mo. 115 South' TllIIiD Street, CHOICE ALIUIERIA CRAPES i K . . . 45 Cents Per Pound. DOUBLE CROWN VEUESA RAISINS. i SINLK CROWN DEIItr.S A RAISINS. . LONDON LAYER RAISINS. ' LOOSE MUSCATEL RAISINS. SULTANA RAISINS. SEEDLESS RAISINS. NEW LAYER FIOS, PRUNELLOS, .4. j " - ' PRUNES, PLUMS. I NEW PAPER-SHELL ALBION OS. ORANtJES, CITRON, CURRANTS, And a great variety of Goods suitable for the Christ mas Season, at the loweut price. .r,1012swZin t '! ALL COf PS WARRANTED. CHRISTMAS AND NEW , . YEAR PRESENTS. LEWIS LAD0MU3 & CO., . DIAMOND DEALERS AND JEWELLERS, ?No. 802 CHESNUT Street, Have on hand a large and beautllul assortment of WATCHES, " DIAMONDS, ' pa JtWELltY, and SILVERWARE. A large portion ol our Btoek Is en'lrely new, made exp; eealj lor our . , HOL1XJAY BALKS. NBW GOODS CONTINUALLY RECEIVED. Our Stock of WATCHES AND DIAMONDS Is nn usually large, and tbe prices as low, if not lower, than they can be purchased la this city. .. BB1DAL PUESBNl'S In great variety. ' 12 11 tSl HOLIDAY PRESENTS. IS V AC K. STlUFFtiC WATCHES AMD JJCWKLKY, . . no. IIS NORTH SECOND STREET, i Corner of Quarry. Philadelphia. ,,. An sjsorlmeut of, s .t .,..-. ... WATCHES, ' 1 '' ! ' JEWELRY. 1 ' . -"v 1 . ..'' '. SILVER AMD . (.', ' " . PLATED WAITS, SUITABLE FOR HOLIDAY UIFTS, AT . TEBtOW PH. ICES, UUwfjuit Si 525 - m i ii e iS of nn union pacific railroad Kannlng West from Omaha Across tlio Continent ARE ROVT COMPLETED. Thla brings the line to tbe eMtera base of the Rooky Mountains, and it Is expected that the track will be laid thirty m Use further, to Bvans Pass, tbe highest point oa the road, by January. The maxi mum grade from the foot or the mountains to ths summit la but eighty feet to tbe mile, white that ot many Eastern roads Is over one hundred. Wor e In the rock-cuttings on the western slops will eontlnue through the winter, and there Is ao no reason to doubt that the ent!re grand lies to the P clfle will be open for buslnees In 1470. Tbe means provided for the construction of this Great National Work are ample. The United States) grants Its Biz Per Cent. Bonds at tbe rat of front l,000 to $48,000 prr mile, for which It takes a leeomt Men as security, and receives payment to a large If no to the full extent of its o'alm In services. T ese Bonds are Issued as each twenty-mile seollon la finished, and alter It bas been examined by United States Commissioners and pronounced to be tn all re spects a flrst-claBS road, thoroughly supplied with depots, repair-shops, stalloa. and all the accessary rolling stock, and otber equipments. ' The United States also makes a donation of 12,104 ' acres of land to the mile, which will be a source oc large revenue to tbe Compauy. Huch or this laud Is ' the Platte Valley is among the most fertile In the world, and other largi portions are covered with heavy pine forests and abound In coal ot the beet quality. The Company Is alse authorised to Issue Its own First Mortgage Bonds to an amount equal to the Issue of the Qovemnv nt, and no more. Hoo, K. D. : Morgan and Hon. Oakes Ames are Trustees fer the Bondholders, and deliver the Bonds to tbe Company Ely as the work progresses, so that they always re present an actual and productive value. The authorised capital ot tbe Company Is ONE HUNDRED MILLIJN LOLLAHS, or whioh over five millions have been paid In upon the work already done. Earnings of the Company. At present, the pro Its of the Company are derived only from Its local tratno, bu'. this la already muota more than sufllcleut to pay the Interest on all the Bonds tbe Company can Issue, if not another mil were built. It is not doubted that when the road la . completed the through tratlio of the only ' line con, " nectlng the Atlantlo and Paoltlo States will be large beyond precedent, and, as there will be no oompett ' tlon, It can always be done at profitable rates. It will be noticed that the Union Paclfla Railroad la. In tact, a Government Work, built under the super vision of Government officers, end te a large extent with . Government money, and that Its bonds are ' Issued nnder Government dlieotloa. It Is believed) that no similar security Is so carefully guarded, and certainly no other Is based upon a larger or more valuable property. As the Company's First Mortgage Bonds Are offered for tbe present are NINE t'Y CENTS OH TBE DOLLAR, they are tbe cheapest security In the market, being more than 16 per cent, lower than United States Stocks. They pay SIX PER CENT. IN GOLD, Or over NINE PER CENT, npon the Investment. Subscriptions will be received In Phlladelphlaby DHHAVE1- fc BROTHER. No. 40 8. Third street, WILLIAM PAINTER & CO , No. M S. Third SU J. E. LEW A RS & CO.. No. 2D 8. Third street. THE TRADESMEN'S NATIONAL BANK. In. Wilmington, Delaware, by R. R. ROBINSON 4 CO. ' JAMES McLEAU A SONS, Aodln New York at the Company's Office, No. 20 NASSAU Street, and by CONTINENTAL NATIONAL BANK, T Nassau St. ' CLARK, DODGE A CO , Bankers. No. 81 Wall St, JOHN J. CI-CO A SON, Bankers. No. S3 WaU St,, " And by tbe Company's advertised Agents throughout the United Bti.ioa. Remittances should be made Is Oralis or other funds par In New York, and the bonds will be sent fn of charge by return express. A NEW PAMPHLET AND MAP, showing the progress of the work, .resources for construction, and value ot Bonds, way be obtained at the Com pany's Ofilces, i r ot Its advertised Agents, or will be ' sent free on ap'ilicailon. JOHN J. CICO, TREASURER, ' , NEW YORK. It November fi, 18C7. ' ' 12UwlmBt ' DUMNG THE HOLIDAYS. 25 to 75 P E R CENT. REDUCTION. CO o o BOOKS FOR THE HOLIDAYA ijj ! PICTURES FOR THE HOLIDAYS. FRAMES FOR TnE HOLIDAYS. , BTEREOfiCOrES FOR THE HOLIDAYS. BIBLES FOR THE HOLIDAYS. '' PRAYEBH FOB THE HOLIDAYS. x o o o K Z o CHROMOS FOR THE HOLIDAYS. o til ALBUMS FOR THE HOLIDAYS. ' NOW IS THE TIME . TO REPLENISH YOUR LIBRARIES, o TO BUY YOUR PICTURES, j TO SELECT YOUR HOLIDAY BOOKS. (0 Toy Books for Babies, a z E Juveniles for Boys and Girls, Illustrated Boeks for Ladles. Standard Authors for Gentlemen. Largest assortment at the Lowest Prices, at flu C. W. PITCHE R'S, NO. 60S CHESNUT STREET, . -PHLADELPHIA.PA. 11 TO ',' XIANVCACTURERS, ,.' ,i ' 'MoN.BlSIiY A O O., utowstuiwrpi No.4N.rovi;nxiEEr,' 1 ' -4