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THE DAILY EVENING TELEGRAPH PHILADELPHIA THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 18G8.
3 1 FROM EUllOPp BY CABLE. Parib, Sept 2.1. MadrM Is reported quiet. Estrada Is aopointed Minister of Marine. ; The news from tbr provinocs Is contra lictory.j Qnccn Isabella aMemutH to reach tlie capital,! but, finding ail the rotds in poeseston of the revolutionist, was obl.ged to return to Sn' Sebastian, f To rebels are everywhere proclaiming Espar-! teio President. ' ; ! 1 London, Sept. 23. The Times has a letter from Fans containing the following: (leneral Prim started from Paris and met the Centrals enled by the vpanlsli (iOTcrnoaent at Cadiz. At Cadiz Commodore Malcampo, of the Vpinish Iron-clad Zarnpozn, who hid declared for the insurgents, brought his puns to bear on the barrack and compelled the royal troops to surrender the rity. Having pronounced for the revolution, each general sailed to prearranged po'nts on the roast, where each raised the sta-jdard of revolution, and set the movement on foot in bis appointed theatre of operations.; Paris, Sept. 2(5. The Mimitntr to-day, in an artl-! rlc on the spcoch or King William, delivered a day or two ago at Hamburg, says Lis words show lib) faith in peace. Lownow, Sept. 23 .It Is announced to-day that the sessions of the prp-cl peace Congress will bo held at licrne. London, Sept. 23 Dispatches received this even ing stuto that the iiimirents have itwued a proela niHtiim, which says v. hen they are victorious their future courso relative to the government of the conutry will be decided by universal suU'ragn. Tho insurgents are reported ti have attacked Madrid, which is del'eiKleil by liurricudes. No particulars have been received. Karagossn is actively prepn,1njr defences against the anticipated attack' by the rebels. Dimii.in, Sept. 23 Tho alderman and 'eonnell- men of this city have passed a resolution setting forth that as all danger front the Fenian movement has passed away, the time has couie for the release of the Imprisoned Fenians. Livkupooi., tie:t. 'j:t Letters from Ffcypt report that the yield of the cotton crops iu that country ' this year will be enormous. FROM WA SUING TON. The Case of Mr. O'Xeill. Washtnoton. !ept 23. Mr. John P. O'Nell , tailing himselt tho United States District Attor ney lor the Eastern District ot Pennsylvania, arrived here this morning, to consult Attorney General Kvarts upon the anomalous condiiion of art airs in Philadelphia, result ui from Judge Cadwaiader's refusal to acknowledge him. Mr. Evarts left this city last evening for New York, so O'Neill laid his case before Acting Attorney-fJeneral Ashton. The siub-Commiltee on Retrenchment bad before it this morning Assistant Attorney General Ashton, to sute what wete the instruc t'ons issued to Mr. C mrtnev in the New York investigation la which Biuelley so immor talized himself. Afier heariug Air. Ashtou's evidence the Committee adjourned to meet in New Yoik oo Thursday of next week. No official renort troin the military authori ties in Georgia concerning The Camilla Mnssncre Tins yet been received at the War Department or Grant's Ilea Iquar lets. Spanish Commercial Herniations. Washington, Sept. 23. Information has been received at the Treasury, through, the State Department, mat a roal Spanish edict was issued July 31, 18C8, extending the periol for the admission of foreign breadstuffs into tho hpanHt peninsula and the acijuceut islands until July 1, 18G9. The President orJered bis carriage to-dny, and rode out to the State Department," where he had a long inter view wiih Mr. Seward. This circumstance cansed mneh commeu, from the fact that Mr. .Seward declared for Grant at the Cabi net meeting yesterday, and it was re ported today that ha had offered his resignation to the President, in case he de sired it. Mr. Seward is shrewd, and wants to desert the sinklnsr ship of Democracy. It is understood that Mr. Johnson is desirous of conciliatloe him, and soujrUt a private inter view with him with that object. The matter or liogua one dollar greenbacks. Rotten up by the Demo crats, which are circulating throughout Peun , ajlvania and the West, has been referred to Solicitor Jordan, of the Treasury Department, for an opinion as to their illegal character. It Is asserted that they are clearly unlawful, and that all who circulate or traffic in them in any way are liable to heavy penalties and im prisonment. Spain. The United States Vice Consul at Malaga has transmitted to the State Department ollicial intelli gence in regard to several royal edicts in Spain in relation to commercial regulations with this coun try. One of these edicts announces the extending of the period for the free admission of foreign breaCstutls into ports of tho Peninsula and adja cent islands until the 1st ot July, 1869. Wheat, Hour, barley and corn are tho articles enumerated. Another edict regulates the admission of gummed cotton for the lining of men's hats, and is referred to as follows by Mr. Geary: A royal order of July 23, lst;8, recognizes that tissues of gummed cotton for the lining of men's hats, clear tissues of til teen threads being included, which are of common qua lity and contain a large quantity of gum, and are of little value; and secondly, that it is not Just that gum should pay the same duty as the tissue itself, as has been already recognized by royal order of July 1, 1850, relating to gummed tulle for lining women's bonnets, which since that date have been taxed at 40 per cent, on its valuation. It prescribes that article 31 of the special tariff on cottons shall alone be hereafter applied to these tissues, that is to say, 40 to 48 per cent, by kilogramme of 2J,0iB pounds on the valuation, according to the nag of importing vessel. The Surratt Trial. The decision of Judge Wylie In the Criminal Court to-day is believed to be the lirst judicial one delivered under tho President's pardon and amnes ty proclamation of July last. The decision enters into an elaborate discussion of the five counts which the indictment comprises, and for the reasons Btated sustains the demurrer, tho plea being adjudged bad. The decision takes a wide range, and the va rious points are set forth with great clearness and force. The principal objection to the plea of de fendant rlaiuilng to come under the provisions of the President's proclamation of amnesty, is that none of the counts of the indictment charge either treason or "adhering to the enemy during the re bellion," which are the only crimes mentioned in that proclamation. From JNew York. Kkw York, Sept. 23. The steamship Mississippi sailed for South America to-day. Among her pas sengers was Minister McMahou to the Argentine Republic. A dispatch received to-day from the end of the track announces the completion of another section of the Union Pacilio Kuilway, making 820 miles in operation. The Detective Agency of this city has nneartho.d a stupendous swindle, under the title of "Brooklyn Steamship and Emigration Company," the ftloiH) bonds of which company constitutes the fraud. These bonds are in circulation in all parts of the country, many having gone to California and the southern and middle States. Many persons In Vir ginia were extensively swindled by laud specula tors through the use of these bonds, besides num bers in eastern and western States. At the National Labor Congress to-day a resolu tion was adopted to form a National Labor Reform party for political purposes, to advance the inter ests of the worklngmeu of the country. A ooiut jnittee of three was appointed to issue an address, calling upon the worklngmen of the United States to vote for uo man for ollico who would not pledge himself to sustain the National Labor Union. One thousand dollars was stolen from au express wagon In Courtland street to-day. William J.Tracy has been arrested for delibe rately attempting to assassinate a policeman iu the Kightb district last night. The brig John Armstrong arrived last night, from Curacoa, with a crew of six men. The caplam. James Kent, died in the hospital, after nine days' sickness, from yellow fever, and some seamen also died from the samo disease. Jteforo sailing the lirst mate, Charles McKenzle, who was in com mand, was taken sick September 6th, aud died on the 8th, of black vomil. Ninety men from the Dutch man-of-war lvlng in the harbor had died of yellow fever within the last three mouths. Eight other vessels had lost portions of their crews from vomits. The town of Curacoa, and especially the shipping, were lu a most unhealthy state. '1 "hoy" Sept. 23 The Iron establishments of Bur den & Sons and K. Corning & Co. fully resumed work to-dav. A stoppage continued for over four mouths, occasioned by a strike among the worklug- from Kansas. Four Wat.kkr, Sept, 23. Two seonts from Col, Forsyth's command, who have been scouring the, country towards the brad waters of tho Republican! river, arrived last night. They left Forsyth's camp; on Dry Fork, on Republican river, live miles from tho mouth aud ninety miles north of here, four nights ago. i They report that on the morning of the 17th a' party of Indians tried to run oil' a ortion of some stock, and half an hour later three or four hundred; appeared on the bluffs two miles off, and made a riHsh at the camp. Colonel Forsyth having only1 fifty men, crossed them to a small Island, and tho Indians commenced tiring on them, which they! kept up steady and fast until cloven o'clock, after: which only scattering shots until five o'clock, wher. they ngain opened a steady tire aud Increased their I force being estimated at seven hundred. 1 The light was kept up in this manner until sun-1 down. When tho Indians made a desperate charge to take the camp, but were unsuccessful. They however keptnp the ligfat until 11 o'clock, at which time tho scouts left tor Fort Wallaco to obtain assistance. They were obliged to crawl two miles on their handsand knncs through the Indians t get out. At daylight tbey heard firing back at tho camp, seven miles away, and occasional shots all day. Tho casualties arc: Colonel Forsyth, left leg broken by a ball, and shot through tho right thigh. Lieut. Becher, shot in several places, supposed to be dying, as his back was broken, lie begged the men to kill him. Dr. Moore, shot in tho head while dressing Colonel Forsyth's wounds. Two men were killed and twenty wounded. All the stock in the command was killed, and the men arc living on horse flesh. The scouts had only H pounds to last them into Fort Wallace. The party bad sixty-five rounds of ammunition left, and were fortifying. The scouts could only tra vel at night on account of the Indians. On learning Colonel Forsyth's condition, Colonel Bankhcad, commanding tills post, sent out ono bundled men, with provisions, ammunition, Src.., to his reliof; also, scouts to Colonel Carpenter, who was supposed to be about forty-tivo miles west of here with his company, to proceed to Col. Forsyth's assistance. A scout that came In at ten o'clock this morning reported Carpenter far on his way. General Bradley, from Fort Sedgwick, on tho way to the fork ot the Republican river, was sup posed to be in that vicinity with two companies of cavalry and three of infantry. It was confidently expected by General Sheridan they would come up In tlmo to the pnrty, as they were on his route. Later. 8 P. M General Nichols, Just arrived from Fort Reynolds, reports Lieutenant Bcecher dead, Dr. Moore mortally wounded and dying, and Colonel Forsyth nearly as bad, all lying thore with Indians all around them, eating their horses' flesh, waiting for relief. Colonels Bankhead and Car penter will reach them to-night. From Canada. Olencok, Sept. 23. Tho house of Duncan Mi chel, at this place, was entered by three armed men last night. Two shots were llred at the Inmates, but no one was Injured. The robbers succeeded In carrying oil' a large trunk containing money and other valuables. No arrests were luado. Poet Rowan, Sept. 23 Mr. Patchen, of Troy. N. Y., arrived here and Identified the body found on the lake shore a few days ago as that of Miss Patchen, one of tho passengers of the ill-fated steamer Morning Star. The body was taken to Buffalo to-day for Interment. juoNTiiBAL, sept. z.i. An attempt was made last night to upset the Grand Trunk train going west. Mr. O'Reilly, Crown counsel in the Whalen caso, was on board. Ties were placed on the track, but the down freight train struck them lirst. One or two cars were badly damaged. The cricket match between the AU England eleven and the Canada twenty-two was postponed to-day on account of the rain. From Reading. Rkapino, Sept. 23 The County Fair proves a complete success throughout. The display of fruit and tho stock of imported cattle are the finest ever exhibited here. But one race came off to-day, owing to the bad condition of the track from tho recent rains. Among the visitors this afternoon were Hon. Simon Cameron and Attorney General Brewster. James Smith, a champion pedestrian from Eng land, performed the feat of walking seven miles In lil'ty-six minutes. In consequence of the hitherto bad weather, the Fair has been extended until Saturday afternoon. Ex-Governor Bigler addressed a Democratic meeting In the Square to-night. From Alabama. Montgomery, Sept. 23. Governor Smith and Ave Republican members of the Legislature left for Washington this morning, with the memorial to tho President asking for troops. The Democrats are holding an Indignation meet ing to-night, and denounce the language of the nnl.-L - fU. presence of the soldiers, but object to the memorial as a slander upon the white people of Alabama. The Republicans are holding a meeting to-night. The Legislature did nothing to-day. From California. San Francisco, Sept. 23. The Oregon Legisla ture has adopted a resolution thanking General Crook for Jiis services in eastern Oregon, by which the Indian depredations were stopped, and tender ing him the hospitality of the Stato. Tho House adopted a memorial to Congress to aid by money and laud the building of a branch of the Union Pa cific Railroad from the vicinity of Salt Lake to the navigable waters of Columbia, thence by Portland to Puget Sound. Cleared Ship Neptune, for New York. From Missouri. St. Loris, Sept. 23 Deputy United States Mar shal Thomas, of this district, while attempting to arrest some parties In Dunklin county, charged with illicit distiliing, some days ago, was resisted by fifteen armed men and forced to retreat. A Little Rock dispatch to the Democrat says that Captain Simpson Mason, President of the Board of Registration of Fulton county, was assassinated by theivuKlux. Ono negro in Lewisburg, and throe in Columbia county, have been killed recently, and several negro churches burned. Congressional Nomination. Special Despatch to The Evening Telegraph, Stboudbbcro, Pa., Sept. 23. The Democratic Conierees of the Eleventh Congressional District met at this place yesterday afternoon, and nominated the Hon. Daniel M. Yan Auken for Congress on the first ballot. The vote stood Van Auken, 15; Packer, I. From Georgia. Atlanta, Sept. 23. The Senate took up the ve toed Augusta municipal election bill, and passed it over the veto by a vote of 24 to 11. In the House, Mr. Bryant. Republican, moved to reconsider the action of the House yesterday in adopting the majority report of the committee to Investigate the late difficulty between whites and blacks at Camilla. The motion was lost by a large vote. From Louisiana. Nkw Orlbanb, Sept. 23 The House to-day adopted the joint resolution for the appointment of a committee of live to Inquire Into the cause of the disturbance last night, with power to send for per sons and papers. A delegation from St. Louis, to present a banner to the Blair Knights, a Democratic club, on behalf of the St. Louis Democracy, arrived this evening. From Indiana. iNPtANAroLiB, Sept. 23. The Democratic State Convention here to-day has been largely attended, nearly all parts of the Stato being represented. Two stands for speeches were erected instate House square, at one of which General Frank Blair aud Hon. (ieorge H. Pendleton made speeches, and at the ottitr General Beach, of Illinois, aud Hon. David Gooding, of Indiana. From New Orleans, New Ori.ean-i, Sept. 23 Tho procession to night In honor of the St. Louis delegation was on a large scale. It Is still in progress at 10 3i) P. M., andwill wind up with a supper at tho City Hotel. The streets are crowded with people. Perfect order vas maintained. Fire in Illinois. Peoria, Sept. 23. A tiro broke out this morning in the Ptui ia pottery works, the largest establish, ment of the kind In the State, and the whole build ing was burned to tin) ground. The loss is 8 12o,uuu. Inturaiice Ho,0(0 to tio.utiO Fatal Shooting. Utica, Sept. 23 A man by the name of Arnold shot a (ierman, residing at Stirauan river, on Tilt s day lust, who has since died. Arnold has lied to the woods uud declares ho will not bo taken alive. Leonidn Leblano, queen of the P.trls dfiti nwtide, who lives ia a home renting for $4000, and keeps six servants and as many horses, id going to Constantinople with Selim By Kmestlne Lebegre is the name of the goddoss who Euooteds her. A Republican and a Democratic olub peace ably occupy the same room in San Franoisco. The transparency is also in common, one side Urn tog tl Ufciiios of Seymour aul liUlr, d the other Uipe of the radical nominee. CITY ' IHTELLilQflNOE. iWM APD1TI0H1I, LOt'AJU IT VMS OOTS1DB PAM.) TAXATION. j The Mass Heeling t Concert Hull AU rireaaea by Hon, lames U. Blaine, of Dial lie, and Hon. Horace Haynnrtl, of Tcnnenaee, ' ' Thesetlesof meetings to be held at Concert Ilall, under the auspices of the Union League, was inaugurated last evening by a monster affair, Ibe room being cro wded to eicess. Among ihe audience was an unusually large number of ladles, who took a deep interest in everything that was ssid and done. At 8 o'clock Samuel C. Perkins, Eq., called the meeting to order, nod nominated Henry "C. Carey, E?q., as President, who introduced, In " a few remarks, the Hon. James U. Blaine, of Maine. This Rentlonao, on approaching the front of the stand, was re ceived with great applause. The audience being quieted, the honorable gentleman said: I am sire that there is nothing In my personal or political history that could warrant such a drmonstratiou of applause, and I therefore tube it as an atrrlpiioD, through me, to the gallant K publican party in my State. It was for the sake of Pennsylvania that they labored so bard and successfully In that great btato. They could bare laid still and tied one arm behind tutin aid whipped tbc Democracy, but tbey re membered that you In i'cunsjlvania bad a closer election, aud they wanted to show the Demccratia party that their power was gone irom them iorever. We lclt as the drummer boy raid, aDd as I wrote to General Grant (ap plause) that the bitttle rested on us, and we inOURht if we beat them lesjtbe Pennsylvauia corps wouio nave come up in vain. Well, we do not owe talsjrreat victory entirely to ourselves. But we bad others there to help us. One of jour great men. Judge Kclley (applause) Old us nioet fjallant service; nor can we forpet the seventeen speeches of one who is here to night Hon, Henry VViIsod, of Macsachusctts. (Applause.) We owe our great victory to the aid received from other States, and 1 am here to-night, not to repay the ser vices rendcied by your distinguished citizen, but simply to acknowledge our indebtedness. I also cams here to ask you to imitate our ex ani pie. (Great cheering, Rnd cries of ''We will.'1) You really don't know how badly we have whipped the Democrats down in llaloe. We have leit ocly enough to be seen next year. We buried them lacs downwards, so that if tbey ever reappear on this mundane sphere, it will be somewhere in the region of Clitna. The Democracy told us In our Maine campaign that of all people iu the world the Americans at this time are the mo t down- ttodden, the most overburdened, and the most oppressed, and that this overburdening and oppression was the natural sequeuce of the sytdem of Federal taxation now in force. I observe iu a morning paper ot your own city, in a speech by ex-Governor Bicler, that the same refrain is taken up here, and that the people of Pcnnjlvania are invited under the same cry that was raised in Maine to abandon their support of the Republican party, and waudcr oil after the lead of tboe to whom we are already indebted lor the great legacy of a rebellion, to suouue which cost nve hundred tboutaud lives and twenty seven hundred millions ot dollars. Governor Bigler says that he would not encourage the more croaner about taxation, but that really we are the worst tax iiodcn people upon the face of the earth, He intimates, however, that be had not himselt been conscious of this terrible oppression uutil after reading a speech made by Mr. Pemlleiou at Bangor, iu the Mate ol Maine. (Laughter.) Kow, to that speech of Mr. Pendleton's, my friends, it was my privilege to reply before mauy large and intelligent audiences in the B ate ot Maine, and I esteem it a peculiar privilege to be allowed the opportunity of replyiug to it on tho soil ot my uaiive State of Peunsjlvauia, aud befi re an audience ot the loyal people wbo have achieved for that State her present great reuo n and glory in the annals of our common country. jiieers.j i nave luquiieu m-iure mauy au diences, as I shall now inquire before this, what particular form of taxation it is that U com plained oi as oppressive upon the industrial aud laboring classes of this country. Happily for tie more fpeedy termination ot a discussion of this kind, questions ot taxation are esteutially matters of lact. We may rest on tho old adage that "figures will not lie," and therefore we are not requited to resort to presumptions and f ptcu aiions, but are enabled to turn at once to the law aud the testimony. Now, the revenue to be raised thi3 year from this tnttre country by the National Government would amount to three hundred and thirty millions of dollars. This is a very large sum, 1 admit; but it must bj remembered that the country which is called upon to pay this sum is a very large country, and ono which pos-eises immense and almost incalculable resources. It would be a burdeu upon the city ot Philadelphia 'or her to undertake the payment ot this turee hunired and thirty millions; it would beoppiP6 sive uoon this great Keystone CotnmouweaUn to pay that amount; it would be oppressive to compel Its panient by any five or by any ten States of this Union; but when vou take our whole vast domain, with its well-nigh forty States and ten Territories, aDd its forty millions of people, with a development of wealth before UDknown and altogether unparalleled iu all history, the amount actually, demonstratively, and inevitably becomes quite inconsiderable as a burden or an oppression. But I do not purpose to rest upon a mere general statement of tuts character. 1 propose, with your leave, to address to you as an intelli gent audience a few questions which, if not answered on the spot, will at least, I hope, lead to such reflections as may call forth a signifi cant answer at your polls on the 13th of October. Of the $330,000,000 of revenue which I have spoken of as the Federal receipts of the current year. $160,000,000 will be raised from the tariff on foreign imports, and 1170,000,000 from the receipts from internal revenue. Of the tariff receipts, nearly ninety millions will be derived irom the duties on articles of luxury, maoy of which articles are pernicious and injurious in tbeir pcneral use, such as French brandies, champagne wines, and wines of olher kinds. Besides these may be enumerated silks, velvets, costly laces, rich Iudia shawls, and the other innumerable gewgaws and luxuries in which the rich and the extravagant choose to in lule. I take it for granted, without arguing, that no one will contend that revenue derived troru this souice is any oppression to the poor man or the laboring man, or is any hindrance to the pro gress ot tie industrial interests of the natiou. The iemalning seventy or eighty millions that are df rived from the tar itt come undoubtedly Irom the duties assessed ou articles ot necessity uud used auorig all classes. Aud I need hardly a:k, heie on the sod of Pennsylvania, whether it be desirable that these duties, which shield our mechanics and artisans from ihe competition ol foieign lubor and pauper wages, shall be stricken down. I need hardly ak here whether you are wiVins that jour vat industrial esta-biii-hn ents which have grown up in your midst, and have given wealth and prosperity to your n ble Mate aud promoted tho glory aud renown of our nation, 6uall now be placed under the rtiluoos aud to them fatal competition of the pauper labor of Iiurope; for such will bs the inevitable result of striking down that system of pto t ctive duties in our tariff to which our in ou u al e-tabli-omenta are indebted tor thoir yrowib and their maturity, and which, by its continuance, would give them au asturcd fu ture o' still creater prosperity than tbey have ecr ot realized. I will uot so far inult the Intelligence of the sii 'ipi ce that have the honor to address a to putthei-elnterro6ator.es lo them in Hoy other ti iui than a protests, as It is tho undoubted ltrpubiicnn luith, not In Pennsylvania alone, but in Maine, and throughout the country, that the labor ot Amencau mechanics shall be fostered, stimulated, and rewarded by a system of i rotective duties sucii as are now in foice utder lUpublicau leg'elatlon. And, therefore, without stopping to lustily our position on this point, I make the charge against the Democratic party that, by their own resolutions, in the r National Convention, tbev have commi'ird tnemselve to a pol'c.y which will strike down and forever destroy tli'j system of duties under wb'ch1 yonr own and other 8tarc have been' enabled to build up those mar vols of Diosneritv and mechanical Industry which now distinguish, mrui. i BFtunir, lurrtiurr, mat so lr as COO-1 cetns the tarld and the $100,000,000 of revenue derived therefrom, I need not stop here now to. aigua toe matter Dciore a Pennsylvania au dirnce. '- -1 t ; , - . Bu rely, if there be oppression from taxation It docs not rome through the tariff. And if the1 tariff is tone coansea from a protective to a revenoe tariff, surely it is to be done solely by Ihe Democratic party, without tho concurrence sod against the protest.and united opposition of the Republican party. iGreat applause.) If, then, the tariff la not burdensome to the laborer, I suppose it follows that the supposed ternblevopprcssion upon the iaborin classes is caiifcd by the system of taxation that Is as-cssed ihrouph the medium ot oar internal revenue offices. Perhaps it is here that we are to Bod that Industry Is ground down, and that while the laboring man has cau?e to groan the rich eo about clad in iiurnle and fine linen a whole brotherhood of "bloated bondholders." living on what has been filched from the laboring classes. I repeat this as au epitome of the Pen-dletonian-Bialeiian style ot stating the queatlon. Foi myself, I prefer to deal less in generalities and to come more specifically to the essential lads of the cate. Now, my friends, I bold In my hand a small memorandum book, aud on one of Its small pages, wilhio the space ol two square inches, I have set iorih the various sources horn which the mtlre amount of internal revenue Is derived. That amount, as I have stated, is $100,000,000. As I now recapitulate the sources from which that amount comes, I should be glad to Inquire of any one In this audience, wbstber Republican or Democrat, which one it is of the different clashes of the tax that op prestcs him. The first source which I shall name is the whisky tax-the generic phrase which denotes the entire amount derived from the articles of whisky, ruin, brandy, wines, ole, beir, and U forms ot malt liquor; givin? us for the current year the large aggregate off5G,ooo, 000. Is there any one in this audience particu larly oppressed by the whisky tax f A gentle man from Illinois told me the other day that that was tbe particular tax about which the Democrats down in Egypt most loudly com plained; because in that locality the members ot the party on an average assisted In pay ing it about seven or eight times each per day. But I take it that in the sober and discreet City of Brotherly Love you can find no man of any party willing to assert or confess that be considers the wtii-ky tax an oppression upon any one under the sun. Then we have disposed ot fifty-six millions. Next comes the tobacco tax. 1 frankly admit that to those of you wbo Brooke atd to those of you who chew a few cents more on tbe pound for tobacco, and a few cents more on the hundred for cigars, form some part of tbe expense which a Demo cratic Kebelliou entailed upon the country. But if any gentleman will tell me bow twenty millions of revenue can be more equitably derived than by the imposition of a tax upon thishuriful luxury of tobacco. I will esteem him a public benefactor and tender him my personal acknowledgments. Mo candid, fair-minded' man rettainly will be bold enoueh to assctt that the tobacco tax hinders or thwarts the development of any enterprise in our entire country. Well, next we come to tbe income tax. I sup nose it roust be in this that ibe Democracy find the evidence of such heart-rending oppression upon the poor and the laboring claser. B it you will please observe that no man is called upon to pay an income tax until he has first paid his rent, his repairs, tbe expenses of his business, and ail his taxes, Federal, State, and local, and tben can show a net annual gain and profit of more than $1000 over and above all those outlays. On the excess above that thou sand dollars the Government asks him to pay Ave per cent. Now, I do not know the standard of wealth in Philadelphia; lam a plain conn try man; but down where I live we don't call a mn poor who has more than a thousand dollars net annual gain and pro tit alter al his rent and repairs and expenses of business, and all forms ot taxation, have been discharged. And with us, when a man has reached that state of prosperity which enables him to show a balance sheet of more than a thou sand dollnrs. after these outlays, we reeard him as an uueraiemi whelp ir lie fs reluctant or uowillincr to contribute something towards the support of a Government which does so much for him. Tbe Democracy, tben, cannot seriously mean that this tax is an oppression to the p or nan or the laboring classes; and from this source we get tbe comfortable sum of $35,000,000, exclusively taken from the pockets of the rich, or those who are well-to. do and prosperous In their business; for tbe income tax is baaed on this equitable and fair-play principle, that It a man has nothing he pays nothing. Not only that, but b must have a great deal before being called uoon to nay anything at all. Well, next we come to tbe tax of two tenths of one per cent, on tne sales or manufacturers above $5000 a year. A very enormous tax 1 two tenths of one per cent. It takes a sharp practice in vulgar fractions to find out just how much that is. Ii-duced to its lowest figure, we have one fivf-huudretbs; and thus this oppressive ('Overnment goes to the large manufacturers, wboe sales exceed $5000 a year, and asks tbem to pay the one five-hundredth part of what tbey derived from those sales in excess ot that amount. To the small manufacturer, to tbe en terprising beginner, to the youug man just be ginning with his own hands and nts little hired help to manufacture, the Government says: ''Go fiec;" but from thote who bave ac quired large prosperity, and whose sales go up to tens and hundreds of thou sands and to millions, the Government asks this small consideration of two-tentbs of one per cent. Upon whom is this oppressive? Ibe manufacturer pays it freely, without pro test or grn moling. The people at large may nave assisted in paying - it in tne ennancea trices of th articles as they purchase them for consumption. How enormously this cost was enhanced by tbe tax is easily apparent. If you buy five dollars' worth of cloth it actually adds to its cost, if tbe tax be counted in, one whole ccntl And in the manufacture of two dozen shirts tbe tax might possibly enhance tbe price of the whole lot a half dime. And jet from a tax thus unseen and un'eltthe Government wm this year aenve several mil lions ot dollars. We next come to a source of taxation known as the stamp law, this being so much tor a stamp ou a banx cnecK, so mucu on au article of agreement, note ot hand, deeds of real estate, and largely on patent medicines and nostrums of all kino's, whether vicious or beneficial. Now. while the stamp tax may occasionally be a source of inconveuiencc, I fake it that no man will pretend that it Is ever a source or oppres sion certainly not au oppression to the poor and tbe luborn g classes. Tne rich may some times have came to complain ol it, as in the esse of the heirs of Mr. t-lcvens, of Hoboken, lie recently deceased millionaire of New Jersey, whose will, distributing some lorly or fifty mil lions of dollars, was admitted to probate on the payment ot five thousand dollars of stamps; but I iiave never beard that the po' r and the laboring classes were particularly aflcc'.ed. In short, to speak ot ibe stamp tax as au oppression Is simply absurd. And yet, Irom this source we derive tbe large sum of seventeen millions annually for tbe Ft dcral Treasury. We then come to a source of taxation embracing seveial miscellaneous heads -the tax on ibe grots receipts of railroad and other trans; citation cotupuiiie; the special tax on vaiioiis trades, profest-lons, arid callings; tbe tax on gold watches, aod upon gold uud silver plate, whero a lamily has more than forty ounces: the tax ou billiard tables, pleasure yachts, on th-arf's and ou other pluces of amueaieut. Tnee vari ous taxes, somewhat heterogeneous, and not related, the one to the other, give to your treasury the snarecatc of sixteen mil lions of dollars auouallj, aud i certainly am not able to identity a single one of them which a poor man or a laboring man would desire to repeal or bave removed. For myself. I think the railroads, and ihe poll plate, and tbe plea sure yachts, aud ttis theutres, and tbe ooeras, aud those who indulge in thee amusements aud luiurtes, ran well atlord to psy a tax; and I am at a loss to know how sixteen millions of dollar conld be raUed in a more equitable manner, aud withcolittie detriment to the business of the ;outtry. And now I bave but one o'her source of Fede- ral taxation tv name, and Hut is the t&X ga nat'onaT bulks'. I 'am not 'tir-ntfils evening elilier to assail or dele.id the national banks, nor even to dlscus ihe bank question; it Is the subject of taxation " of which I am speaking, and J allude to the national banks orly to show youbat they pay into jour Federal Treasnry ten tnllllon dollars annually as taxation, and that tbey pay aoout as much mora of local taxes In the various cum m.iui ties In which tbey d.) business. Certainly this ten millions that we derive Irom national banlis is not: an oppression to tbe poor man. Holders ot bsnk stock are not geiwrslly retarded as poor men, and, as a legislator, I am quite at a lo-s to know how ten millions of dollars could bo derived from any otber source so ea-ily as Irom Ihli of the banks. I bave thus hastily and somewhat crudely enumerated all tbt sources from which our in ternal revenue is derived. If you will take pains to add up tbe various sums I have named, you will And that they give yon the aggregate of one hundred and seventy millions of money. The system of taxation under which this Is raised is not accidental or fortuitous; It Is the product of laborious research, and investigation on the part of a Republican Congress a Congress anxious to so adjust the scale ot taxation that the indus trial interests of the country should not be aflected, while the burden fell only upon articles of luxury and accumulated capital. On this system of taxation tbe Republican party stand. They do not apologize for it; they jtiMtify It, and tbey assert that to perform t fliciently the work of accumulating the amount of money now raised, and to render its payment assured, to other system could possibly bo de vised by which tbe burdens would be so little felt by the great msssof the community. (Long continued applause.) Happily, on this point, we sre nt sharp Issue with the Democracy; for on this question of taxation the Republican party and the Democratic party are diametri cally and irreconcilably hostile. Tbe system approved and endorsed by the Republicans 1j the system now in force. In opposition to that we find that the Democratic party, In their National Convention, made the following decla ration on the subject. 1 beg to read it to you veibatim, and to beg that you will specially remember It: "Besoived, That we demand the equalization of every species of property according to its real value, including Government bonds aud securi ties." To the latter c'anse of this resolution I shall refer directly; it is to the lormer portion that I now invite your attention. The proposition is that every species of property shall be taxed according to its real value. Now, uuder such a policy, 1 beg to ask this audience which one of you could escape from th oppression of direct taxation f How many of you to-day ever see tbe face of a Federal tax-gatherer? But under tbe operation of the pioposltlon laid down by the Democratic platform, pray tell me which of you would not see his face, aud that continually ? Why, this runs into the extreme of absurdity. Let me illustrate. Ia yo'ir city of Philadelphia to-day you can distil a gallon ol whisky at about the same cost at which you can buy a gallon of milk. The Republicans tax the gallon of whisky fifty cents; the Democratic platform would lax tbe gallon of milk juFt the Fame amount; "every species of property according lo its real value'"' Is their motto. A barrel of beer Is woith in your price list, I presume, some fifteen dollars; the Republican legislation taxes it two dollars. A barrel ot flour through out tbe country averages about fifceeu dollars; tbe Democratic platform would tax it two dollars also. They would tax bread the same as beer; milk the same as whisky; luxuries the same as necessities; churches the same as theatres making no distinction between a lager beer concert-room and a vestry for prayer meetings. It may seem absurd thus to carry nut their principled its legitimate application; but take it in its less ofleusive and milder form, and where would it stop ? To-day the Republican legislation does not tax your clothing, your bats, your boots, tbe tools of the mechanic, the machinery of the factory, the farm, the garden, tbe dwelling, the household property; not one of all these is taxed by Republican legiblation. They prefer rather to gather the Governmeut funds through the channels I have indicated; but the Democratic proposition is to make your sybtem of taxation a dead level; to put a sewing machine under th came law tuat tuxes tne billiard table, and to put the machinery which, supports the families of a hundred artisans under the same taxation that the pleasure yachts of the New York sport ing clubs are to-day asked to pay. 1 do not really think that the Democracy knew Just what an absurd ttr.ng they were doing when they adopted the first clause of this resolution. Tbey were so anxious to get a lick at the Government bonds and securities, whlcn are included in the second clause, that they quite lost sight of the ridiculous i o-ition to which tbey were commit ting themselves lu the first clause. The speaker tben considered the question of taxution ot Government bonds. The Republican party at tbe lust session of Congress, under tbe advice of the best financiers on both sides of the water, proposed to fund the debt by long bonds, payable iu gold, at a lower rate of interest, and using the lj per cent, ditfeience ir. the interest to redeem tbe public debt. How did tbe Demo crats act? Tbey opposed the bill at every step. But it was passed and stnt to the President. Johnson, at the instigation of the Democrats, killed it by a pocket veto a very mean, skulk ing way of doing tne business. Congress could not repeal the resolution of adjournment, and thus was defeated an honest attempt to adjust this difficult financial ques tion. Then came along tbe Pendleton escort with the cy of paying the debt in green backs You pay off your debts in greenbacks and then bow much do you owe? It Is charging time-notes tor due bills. What merchant will do business in tbat manner ? ' We will save the interest," say some. Yes you will save the interest, but it will be by an inflation oi the currency, which the country does not need, and which will be destructive to the manufacturing interests of the country. When these green backs were issued they were made a legal-tender between all tbe citizens and the United States, and that was what saved the life of the nation. When that bill was passed Mr. Pendleton stood up aemntt it with bitter denunciation, aud declared tbat Congress had no right to make legal-tenders, and tbat the notes went out with the brand of Cain upon tbem. Bo much for joor greenback Pendleton. The speaker discussed the reasons for ths establishment of tbe Freedmcn'a Bureau. The formation of that bureau was an act of Christi anity and philanthropy. The expenditures for the support of ths bureau during the last three years and a half amounted to $7,935,283-78. Now we taxed cotton five cents per pound. That is taxing directly the labor of the negroes. Tbe tax on cotton has amounted to $o0.162,-864-83. The taxes from all other sources, which may be considered as coming from the white people, amounted to $26,532,000. Now, the negroes have done better for the treasury than the whites have In the South, and there are only four millions of negroes and eight and a ball millions of whites. Another argument of tbe Democrats deceives notice. They talk abwut tha large expenditures since the establish ment of peace, lu oue hundred and seventy one days tbe immense army was mustered out and every dollar of pay and bounty promised to those wbo bad fousbt for their country was paid to them. H took $025,000,100 to do it with, aud that is charged to ths expenses of the Govern nun. More of ttiee expenses ar required to pay the pur.sionsol disabled patriots aud widows and orphans. Would you nave their pensions cut oil ? The ordinary expenditures of the Gov ernment are only ubout $110,000,000. Tuo ex travsgsnt expenditures were during Buchanan's adminiBtrat on. Then every regiment iu the army co't $1,000,000 In gold. Tbe amount asked tor by General Grant (I ho only expenditure be controls) Is tnly $530,000 in paper. The speaker said the ship-buil hug interest In Uaine, which has been repotted to be ia a riep? t scd ct noition, la better in 1808 than it was in 18C7, and was better In 1807 thau it was In 18G6, and under tbe wise aduiinisiraMon of General Graul next year, it will be m its full and eonilsbinu slate. Tne battle of Gettyiburg was alluded to, ai d Mr. b'ane said that ibe IVnrsylvauian who vo'cs fir Sovui'iur d cs not deseite to inhabit tbe toil whcie rest the ashes ot the heroes of that great event. Hou. Horace Maynuid was then Introduced. Ho was received with prolonged cheers. He said that h was lire to represent the 8 u'.hern loyal ptorle, and to address the citizens of PjJltdeipfcU on ticlr behalf. He thea tUicscd iiiWhihiJEiCOM,racl,oa Itcarrlf.i t"iH eTfr7,thtn which relates to ranAnl,ulr' nd order Southern wmntry. There has always been sn lll-feellnr not only against the Union, but against popular si-1 1 ' astrous "suits . won d ensue to the loval aSSftWSWtt fiSJ-'it?!2 from Maine and Vermont had as?urPrl th5 people ot the Southern State, Vnd Tie? the f n October be equally as good. 8ad bV bcr the South will be perfectly u.u&S there will be Increased, until that 8 taw ana Manachusettsstsnd foremost In the pboW The speaker concluded his address by u reins Republican principles at ihe next elections' Hon. Henry Wilson then made a lew remarks and the meeting adjourned. lewremarjtj, ZBu BBrtT"I',CAS ISTIKCIBLBS' GUEKTINO . TO thb Boys in Buju.-At a meeting of the Execu. live Committee of the Repablican InTinrtble? held September 22. 18C8. on motion of S Lukens, the following resolutions Wers unan motisly adopted: . uuauv- Whereas, The Boys In Blae of the nation will honor Philadelphia with their presence on . tha 1st and 2d of October, 18C8, in grand convention assembled; therefore limAved, That tbe Republican Invlnclblcs of I bilaaclpbia do extend a most cordial welcome to tbe brave heroes who fought so nobly and successfully to perpetuate our glorious Union, and to liberate our country from slavery'! thraldom. Resolved, That the free use of our headquar ters Is offeied and hereby tendered to the loyal brave of the country during their stay in tuu City. hesoived, Tbat a committee be appointed to confer with the Soldiers' and Sailors' State Cen tral Committee, and make such arrangements as may be deemed expedient to give proper effect to these prcceedings. Tbe following committee were appointed: Mesfrs. William McMichael, A. P, Bennett, A. W. Lyman, and A. P. Coichberry. Akkivbbsart. St. John's P. E. Churon, Brown street, below Third, will celebrate the fifty-second anniversary of its consecratloo, and the fifty-third of the laying of the corner-stone, on Friday evening. The old church is being resuscitated, and a statement of the work will be made, and etcoaraelntr and Instructive ad drtsses may be expected from the Rev. Messrs. Brown, Durborow, Matlack, and the Rev. Dr. Morton. ' .Admittbd to thb Hospital. The following persons were admitted to tbe Hospital yester day: James Conlan, twenty-two years of age. injuied in the arm by the belting of the ma chinery of Putnam's frame factory, No 48 N. Sixth street. David T. Jones, aged forty-three years, residing in St. Mary street, near Seventh, injured by falling from the third story of Allen & Neill's guano warehouse. AMUSEMENTS. "NJi-W OlfcSNUT STREET THEATRE. I M PEKATI VET.T . .-.. 1 TIF. LAST WEi-K. THE IA8T WttEK THE LAT WEKK he TH LArtT WEEK WHITE FAWW. ' WHITE FAWN. IIAVK "SOU BEEN ITT Boon to berome a thing ot thu page. Never again to beequalled durlnir this generation. . IIOKK AKTISTS, WO RE COSTUMES. . WOKE WISE EJN HCENE. ' MOKE TIME AND AlOKE MONEY Than any Kppctacln EVER FUEH&N'l ED ON EITHEK , HKMISPHERT!. BOttsEB CKOWDED FROM Pit TO DOME. (iKHAT KN t liUSlABM. IMMEBBE bUCUEi-b OKI TUE FOJPTJLAU ' ALMISSION. F1F i Y C HINTS FIFTY (JEN I'd FIFTY CKN'l'S FIFTY CENTS TO DRFBB rilaCXJIi AND PARQUETTE. FAMILY ClhCLE M as CilNM. OKCUEfeTKA i. " " AKsoLurti.Y ths; last wkuk. TBS hV iUh.MlH (IIUNu HaIjIjKV OF TH.& MfoRljD. ALL THE GREAT bFEOTACUL A,R PLAY. COME EARLY. COME EARLY. B In time (or me GRAND BALLET OF THE BELLS AND TUB BUILDING OF THB HAIRY PALACE. LAST MATIN KK OF THE WHITE FAWN; Next week-UNDI IMF. UNOrN'H' tJaH ULUW1M1 FAIRY LE'lKND OF THE LAUGHING WAl'EBi ' Ore week only, positively. uU Farewell of BON. rAM I MJHLAGEK. SOLUKU. and the superior GRAND BALLET O 1'HE WOKL&. MRS. JOHN DSEW'S ARCH STBEET THP Al RK. Beulus at quarter tos. R1CH1NGS ENMLlbll OPE KA TROUPE THIb (Thursday) EVUNXNG, Kept. 24, First TIma In America (Id EaKllan), UKlSflNO AMD B FAIR , the cant Includlug all Hi- leadiug artUis r.la.".y' Ol Jlts.C. BERNARD. IH41LILY OF KILL, ARM V. Ham day Aimrnoou, at a o'ulook ONi.Y OPERA MA UNKE W olooi Saturday Night. THE ROSE OF CASTILE. MbUday, Mrr. JOHN DHEW AND COMPANV WIVES Aft THEY WERE. ALNUT 8T. THEATKE, BEGIN8 AT i To fi THIS (Thuiea.y) EV KNING. Sept. 2i LAbT NIGHT BUT TWO OF EDWIN ADAMS, , who will appear In bis (reai character of ' FRANK HAWTHORNE, iu Edward Falcontr s Cfl'braied Comedy of MUN OF THB DAY. Friday, Beuerltof EDWIN ADAMS, when he will appear In two characters , RAPHAEL. IN THE MARBLE HEART, and BOM HO J A FMER J UN KINS, In TOO MUCH FOR GOOD NATURE. TyALNUT STREET IHSATB8. SPECIAL NOTICE. THE GREAT 1 RAGEDIENNE. MRK F. W. LANDER. ' FOR TWELVE NIuHTS, commencing MONDAY, Sept. 2S Uueeu ol Euulaud, Elisabeth, GtacometU. joeen of Soois, Mary Bluart, Schiller. Queen of Scotland, Lady Macbeih, Shakespeare. . Queen of France, Marie Antoinette, Reed. Uuetn of Comedy, Lady Teaile, Sheridan. fDaiSt HORTICULTURAL, HALL, BROAD STREET, below LOCUS t'. Tne Annual Exhibition of tlii) PENNSYLVANIA HORTICULTURAL SO CIETY, U now open and will continue until FRI DAY, 26th Instant, Day and Evening. Ticket M ceats, or three lor (1. Clillaren ziceuia. Membeis' aod Life Members' Tiekets ean be Ob talned of tbe Treasurer, H. A. DKEER, No. 714 CHESNUT Street, until 2id Instant, after which Ihe can be had at tbe Hall. Oermaula Orchestra will be In attendance ever evening. gst H COLBY'S OPERA HOUSE, SEVENTH, bueet, below A run. 1 HE GRAND DUCHESS, with New Scenery, Dreteea, etc. JOE EbMETT JOE EM MBIT IK Bis GREAT DUTCH SPECIALTIES. HOOLEY'ri M1NBI RS.LS in an ENTIRE NEW PROGRAMME. 21t GRAND MAI IN EK Every Saturday at to'cloclc. FOX'S AMERICAN VARIETY THEATRE, , EVERY EVENING AND SATURDAY -AFTERNOON. GREAT COMBINATION TROUPE, In Grand Ballets, Eth'oplau Burlesques, Bongs Dances, Paniouiliuea, Gytuuast Aota, eta 1868. PRESIDENTIAL CONTEST. FLAGS, BMMtfiS, TKANSrillESClES, AJSU LAJfTIilLNS, Campaign Budges, Medals, and riaH, Or BOTH CANDIDATES. Ten different styles sent 011 recfsfy- of Pa Dollai and Fifty Cent, '''!'? .i .' q Ageuis wanted every where y' ,v. " Flag Id Moilm. Buutlng, and BU. Ail Maea, whole. ale and retail. FHItlcaJ Uubs titled out with everything iby. nj inquire. , . CALL ON OB ADDHISt, ''-','lr-'. v ... . . W. F. SCHEIBLE. ' Sc. 43 SOUTH TUIED STREET, HXrp PHTT.ATVF.T frHTAj