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THE DAILY E ftlviifCt TELEGRAPH PHILADELPHIA, 7 L Tit SPAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 18G8.
THE OCTOBER MA GAZINES. The October number of the Galaxy ns.8 an article on Vittsria Colomm, the friend and good genius of MI61iatl 'Angelo, from which , tract the iolld'wingM- I ' r It wss Immediately after the publication of the flnt edition of iwr poems and when site was at the zenith of ber fame, that she took, up ber residence tn Home, ana trhleved tbe greatest triumph of tier lite, the eapttvatlon of the aus tere and toic soul of Micuacl Antri'io m a fer- .Tent and chaHtc love, bocU as never before had power over this mot wonderful man." Un ler what circumstances the first met Michael ADgelo is not precisely known. When she arrived in Home he was liaid at work on bis paintinir of .the "Last Judgment, io the Siatlnn Chapt-1 ; and his nature was so retlrinir, and Vittoria's intcrent io and eDthuMasm tor art to great, that it IB probable that she sought him out. 4 She was then forty -eUbt, a time at which women rarely expect to win, or succeed in winning, such admiration as she received from him: and Michael An pre lo was sixty years old, and had probably long relinquished the hope of meeting a soul to whom he could iully open his own. They became friends instantly, however, and Vittoria's noblest gift, the power she pos seted of drawing out and developing wnat ever - was tjnest in tbe characters of those with whom she came In con tact, was never nior fully exemplified than in this Instance; and many of tho sonnet! which Michael Angelo addressed to her bear witness no less to the strength and purity of his love for her than to the vast influence she had over him, and its foothiiip, ennobling-, welcome power over bis wt'Hried foul. On her side, she under stood his character Instinctively, and reverenced It even ns she did his genius; aud ot that genius she said that, "transcendent as it was, those who only knew his work, and not himself, valued that in him which could ouly be called perlect on a lower scale." This was bleu praise, if we remember that Vittoria wa9 a real ljver of nrt, cupabie of feeling to tbe utmost the more than joy which it bes'ows on those who truly love it; deeply penetrated with a sense ot its almost diviue mission to humanity, und fully recognizing tho immense value of the services wbicb this man, ' piu cite mortal angiol dicin," had rendered to it. She was the only human being who ever possessed real personal power over him; and she used it entirely to soothe and gotten him, never in a single instance to gratify her own viintty. An exmplo of the delicate tact with which she drew upon his vast mental resourres, is gweu in F. d'Oilanda's account of a Sunday afternoon he SDent in their company at the Convent of ban Hilvestro, a trauslatiou of which is given in t; mum's life of Michael Angel". Michael Angelo bound up forty of the sonnets which he received Irom her in a volume which he always kept near hlni, and one of the moBt famous sounets which he addressed to her was written to acknowledge a volume of her poems whl:h she presented to him when she lett Uomc fur Viler bo. Not all unworthy of tbe boundless grace Which tliou, most noble lady, hast bemowed, I lam at Uibi would pay the. debt I owed, Aud some small giU lor ihy aic-pUuuj place; Hn' soon I felt 'in not alone deiire Tbat opes the way 10 reach an altn so high, My rMh pretentions Uielr sticce.-s deny, Aud 1 ktow wine whl e fulling 10 aspire: And well I see how lalse li were to ihlnk That any work, faded aud frail, of mine Could emulate the perteel grace of iliiue: tienlus and art and during backward shrink, A thousand works fiom mortals like to me Cau ne'er repay what heaven has given thee I The sublime strain of aspiration which runs through most of these sonnets was very much thercbultof Vittotia's example and influence. Her deeper rt lisious experiences coincided In a great degree with those of Michael Angelo; and the natural gentleness and dependence ot her woman's nature had taught her a higher faith and deeper consolation than he had attained when they met. Her later poems, which are all, or nearly all, ou sacred subjects, have a much higher degree of finish than her others. She labored to make them perfect, from the idea that nothing ought to be as nob.e and beautiful as religious poems; and thus it hapDened that, iu nearly every sonnet which Michael Angelo addressed to her, ihe expression of his love is blended with au aspirat on towards that Divine Love in whom aloue human love may be im mortal. Bitter plea Love cannot have th n that, lu loving theo, a lory to tuat eternal peace Is paid . Who bucIi divinity to thee Imparls As hallows and makes pure all gentle hearts. His hope Is treacherous whose love dies With beauty, which Is varying every hour: But in chaste hearts, uninfluenced by the power Of outward change, thorn blooms a deathless 11 J wer That breathes ou earth the air if paradise. Long years after Vittoria's death, that death less flower was blooming still in Michael Au gelo's heart. The frenzy of despair into whicn he was thrown by her loss was well known, and shortly before he died he told Condiva tbat he repented nothing in his whole life so mach as having only kissed her hand, and not her hps aud cheese, when he went to her at her last hour. The latter years ot her life were spent amid fast-thickeulng shadows. The storm of perse cution which was beginning to race agniust those who held liberal opinions, the iucreadug severity of the Inquisition, the ignominious flight of Occhluo and Peter Martyr, the death of Contariul, of whom she said that "he ought to have becu Pope to have made the age happy," and, lastly, the tragic iate of tbe Marquis del Vasto, "the light of Italian soldiers," and who had always been to her a son, crushed the strong spirit which had borne so much with patience. She survived Vasto several years, but they were years of suffering aud infirmity, and all the letters written by her friends on the ubject of her health express the regret that no physician could be found for her mind. She resided up to within a tew mouths of her death at the convent of S. Cateriua, where she com posed ber last rime, and where she is supposed to have somewhat hastened her end by the austerities which she practised. Early in the Tear 1647 she returned to Rome, and took up her residence at the convent of B. Anna. She was then very ill, and a lew weeks later, as it became evident that she was near her end, she was removed to the Palazzo Cesarini, "chlamato Argentina," which was tbe residence of Oiuliano Cesarlnl and his wife Giulia Colonna. Here, on the lGth of February, 1647, she marie and signed her last will and testament, bequeathing large turns for charitable purposes, and the remainder of her fortune to ber brother Aicauio Colonna. Bhe then gave minute directions as to her fune ral, desiring that it should be as simple and unostentatious as possible, and, la all things, like the butial ot a professed nun. After this ahe sank rapidly, suffering much, but bearing it with the serene patience characteristic of her, until towards the end of February the day dawned which was to close upon her dying bed. As the hours crept on one after another of her friends stole in to look upon her beloved face for the last time; but one there was who, after all had gone, aud she had sunk Into the unbroken quiet which preceded dissolution, lingered still beside her bed, holding her cold hand in his own, and gazing, with what infinite Jove and longing, what a passion of regret, we shall never know, upon the features, worn and sunken, but delicate and beautiful still, which his love and genius have rendered forever famous. He had bis reward at last, for, as the twilight deepened into night, the silence which he had feared would be the last, was at length broken, she turned suddenly to him, and whis pered, "1 die. -Help me to repeat my last prayer. I cniinot nuw remember the words." And still holding her hand, Michael Auaelo repeated one of the most devout utterances iu which a Christian soul ever aspired to Its (Jod, while her lips moved without uttering a souud: "Grant, 1 pray Ttee. U Lord, lhat I may ever worship Thee with that humility of soul which becometh my low estate, and that elevation which Thy glory demandeth; that In that fear Which Thy Justice requireth, and that hope which Thy clemency alloweth, I may ever live; that to Thee, as the most powerful, I may sub mit myself, that to Thee the all wise, I may ?ield myself, and that to Thee, as the all perfect, may be wholly turned. O Father, most holy, I pray that Thy living flame may purity me Thy clear light lighten me, and Thy true love so in spire me, tbat no mortal hindrance may with hold me from Thee, and that to Theo I may re turn, blest, and at peace." i And even as It was uttered It was answered, lot t the last word fell frpni his lips, "she tnrrrfd" her Isrpe eye upon Mm, a smile trem bled on ber-lips, and sue tranquilly expired, murmuring some words which be coald not dls11nRnish.,, The brief life of human pain was over; the; long joy of eternal life begun. ! Valttn tn pace anima beatn e brlln. In Mr. Bicbard Grant White's article i i tho same Magazine, "Words and their Uses," are these sensible remarks about "squeamish slang:" Limb. A sqneamishness, which I arareallf ashamed to noi Ice, leads many persons to use this word exclusively instead ot ler. A limb is anything which is separated from another thing and yet joined to it. In old English limbed was used to mean Joined. Thus, in tho "Ancreu Riwle," "Loketti that ye beon euer mid onnesse of herte illmed togeder," that is, ' Look tbat yo be ever with oneness oi heart joined together.'' The branches ot a tree have a separate indi vidual character, and are jet parti of the tree, and so are limbs. The Augers are properly limbs of the hand; but the word Is generally arplied to the greater divisions, both of trees and animals. The limbs of the human body are tbe legs and the arms; the former no more so than the latter. Yet some folk will say that by a railway accident one womau had her arms broken and another her limbs meaning her legs; and some will say that sbe has hurt her leg when her thigh was Injured. Perhaps these persons think tkat it Is indelicate lor a woman to have lens, and tbat therefore tbey are concealed by garments, and should be concealed by speech. It so, llsuven help them; they aie far cut ot .my reach. I can only sav to them that there Is no immodesty in soeating of any part or function ot the human body when there Is iiecessity for doing so, and that when they are spoken of It Is immodest not to coll then by their proper names. The notion that by giving a bad thing a wrong or unmeaning name, the thing, or the mention of it, is bettered, is surely one ot the silliest that ever entered the mind of man. It is the occasion and tho pur pose of speech wh'.ch makes it modest or immo dest, tot the thing spoken of or the giving It it proper nume. Rooster. A rooster Is any animal that roosts. Almost all birds ate roosters, the cocks, of course, as well as the heus. What sense or deli cacy, tben, is there In calling the cock of the domestic fowl a rooster, as many people do I The cock Is no more h rooster than the hen; and domestic fowls are no more roosters than canary blids or peacocks. Out of this nousjnse, how ever, people must bo laughed rather than reasoned. Gfnileman. Lady. -Theso words hive been forced upon us uuiil they have begun to be nau seous, by people who will not do me tbe honor of reading thse art. cles; so tbat any plea here for man and uoman would be la vain aud out of place. But I will notice a very common misue of the loimer which prevails in business corres pondence, In which Mr. A. is ad tressed as Sir, but the firm of A. B. 4 Co. as Gentlemen. Now, tbe plural of 6ir is Sirs: and if gmleman has any significance at all, it ought not to be made common aud unclean by being applied to mere business purposes. As to the ado that is made about "Mr. Blank and ladv," it seems tj me quite superfluous. If it pleases any man to aunounce on a hotel book that his wife, or any other womnn who is travelling under his protec tion, is a Jady, a perfect lady, let htm do so in peace and quiet. Tuis isamatierol taste and hsbit. The world ia wide, and the freedom of this country has not quite jet deprived us of the right of choosing our associates, or f l'orm ingourown manners. Female. The use of this word for woman is one of the most unpleasant and inexcusable of the common perversions of language. It is not a Briticism, although it is much more in vogue among British writers ami speakers than amoue ourown. With us lady is the favorite euphemism for woman. For every one of the softer and more ambitious sex who is dissatisfied with her social position or uncertain ot it, seems to share Mrs. Quickley's dislike of being called a woman. There is no lack of what is called authoritative usage during three centuries for this misuse of female, as 1 may show should 1 undertake the discussion of Americanisms so called. But this is one of those perversions which are justi fied by no example, however eminent. A cow, or a 60W, or any the bruto is a female just as a woman is; as a man is no more a male than a bull is, or a boar; and no woman calls herself a iemalo without tiioi'eby Ahuriig hur nam will H the brute creation. Chemise. Why women will call their first undergarment a chemise, it is not easy to under stand. Chetuise means merely shirt, and nothing else; and its meaning is not changed or its sound improred wh' n it is pronouueed shimmy, fehirt is the original English name for this garment as well as the corresponding gar ment of men. Seethe following passago from tiower's "Confessio Amantis:" Jasnn his clothes ou him cast, And m.de him redy right anon, And sue her ahertt did upon And cast ou her a mantel close. Wilboute more, and than arose. But women wishing, as well tbey might, to dis tinguish ilrs part ot their r'ress from that of a mat), called it, very properly, a shitt. (See Johnson's Dictionary.) Hmock Is much better than chemise, and has, like fhifi, the support of long usage by the best speakers aud writers. I have heard an Englishwoman of high rank, and of uuimpeacuable propriety of conduct and manners, speak of bar smock just as fraikly and aim ply as she would speak of her shoo or her bonnet. If a woman wish to say that she wears a shirt let her say so; she says nothing else when she speaks of her chemise. An appetizing; essay, entitled "Mine Oys ter," In the October number of Futnam'a Magatme, shows that the lite of a bivalve has its pleataut phases: Even the life ot a poor, silent hell-3ih. once reputed tbe dullest aud most iuert of all ani mals, will then be found to have its Interest and its romance. In vain did Plato already assign, in his transmigration of souls, people who, as men, wete thoroughly ignorant and without thought, to oysters thereafter, and speak else where ot the soul being fettered to tho body like an oyster to its shell; in vaia does Virey, in our time, call them the poor and afflicted arnom the beings of creation, who seem to solicit tbe pity ot happier animals tbey are, as we shall see, beautifully made, capable of enjoying much happiness, aud susceptible of being taught a lesion which most ot us proud men have never been able to acquire. Their lite, usually pictured as one of utter helplessness and unbroken seclusion, is by no means spent in unvarying repose. At the proper time, in the spring ot the year, when all Nature is full of tender love and restless activity, the mother-oyster abo Is visited by the ruling passion, and "the icy bosoms feel the secret firs." boon after, tbey are seen to contain a large quantity of milk-white fluid, which the microscope shows us to consist of almost invisi ble eggs and milt, lying snugly side by side in the same shell. Unlike most marine animals, however, tbe oyster does not heartlessly aban don its spawn and leave it to the mercy of winds and waves; but from the oviary the eggs pass into the sheltering folds of tbe mantle, wheie tbey remain lor some time. Here they are surrounded by a nutritious substance, which serves to sustain them as the white of an egg supports the younir chicken. After a while the whitish raa-s thickens, and oysters in this this state are called "milky," because the mais of eees resembles thick cream in consistency and color. The latter turns into yellow, tbou into darker brown, and the eggs are hatched! Sud denly the mother opens tbe shell; a dense mist is spread all around, and the jouug brood scatters far aud wide. Upon their first appearance In their new career, they are all life and motion, flitting about In tbe sea as srayly and lightly as the butterfly roams from flower to flower, or the swallow skims through the air. They are odd little cherubs, consisting, like the angels of old masters, of nothing but a couple ot wing like lobes on both sides of a mouth and shoulders, but not encumbered with a heavy, awkward bodv. The wings, fastened to rudimentary shells, are covered on tbe surface - with countless little hairs, which move inces santly up and down, aud thus enable the tiny creature to swim about in the water. Their infancy is oue of perpetual joy and vivacity; tbey skip to and fro as if in mockery of their heavy aud immovable parent. They do not co far from her. however, and the time I of their joy is In their lite, as a ours, but brief, n6 soon at an end. After day .or, Wo they seen) to bave sjn their wild pa s, and if luck has favoted them so as to escape the thou sand voracious enemies tnnt lie every rbre tn wait, or prowl about to prey upou their youth -and want ot experience, they finally settle down upon soanis suitable rpstitnt-olace, a s'one or a branch, and become steadv, dnmestlo oysters. But how foiv of them reuch the gisl I When they start from their moiher' safe home, tliaS ..Atlaa . aw. i I 1 1 . I I. a m flijd a new babltatiOL, at lenst nine-tenths of their number have pensned I Alter tbey have auacbed themselves by means j of a glutinous substance, witu which proviaeat j Nature has endowed tbm. to some permanent, place on what Is called a good spatting ground, the little wings, no nseies-', eraduallf , dwindle and shrink, until they disappear, like the tali of a tadpole when it changes lnt the full-grown frog. Then they br gin to' f'row, slowly, like all goml things of this earth, j rom the size of a piu's bead, at two weeks, i to lhat of a riea, at three months; when' they ae a year old they are perhaps as lartre as a small lady's . watch, and at the age ot five years they bk In their prime. The shell re , mains trail and tender until tbey reach tbe size of that rare nin, an American dollar, but is batd and complete when tbey be.-ome tit for the table, which lain tbeir (ourth year. As that time, they are rudely torn from their native bed by terilble irou prong-, to wbteb thev yield, with philosophic resignation, and are carried ULrepiBtiiig to busy chips and the hum of crowds. If they should escape the gluttony of man, they die at the appointed tiaie, leaving their shell, thickened by old age, and alorned with rings which sbew their jears like Ihe rings of a tree, to serve as a monument for times to come, and to add, with millions of their klud, a new laver to the crust ot the earth. Such Is their life, simple, and unromantl?, but by no means as void of enjotment as we are apt to imagine. There are countless sneers at tbe j oor Immovable 03ster to be found In poet and firose writer, as if to be in perpetual motion was obethe perfection of happlne-s. The oyster has Its time of merry wanderinir. when it is young; but it remembers, by times, that a rolling stone sat hers do moss, and settles down quietly ini's cool, pleasant home. An ojster-bed in the sunny tea is the concen tration ot UDQisturbed haopiness. The countless creatures congregated there may seem to bo dormant, bat we are sure they lead each the beatified existence of an epicurean god. The world without does not trouble tbem; its cares and joys, its storms and calms. Its pnssions and sins, are all indiflcrcnt to tho unheeding oyster. Aopnrently unoliscrvaut of what psssea around, Its whole soul is concentrated in itself, and like Ibe sublime suae of the Hast In his own word Om, the oyster finds bliss 1n simple ex istence. And yet it doei not enjoy itself slug gishly or aput helically; it pleasures are neither few nor unvaried, lor its body is throbbing with Hie and a thousand sources of enjoyment. The performance ot every function with wulch tho Creator has endowed them and we know not yet half their number bnr as with it as much happiness as they arc capable of eujoving. The miabty ocean itselt is subservieut to tbeir pleasure, and Its rollmtr waves waft ever fresh and varii d food wi'.hiu their reach. They have no care for tbe mornine, tor He who feeds tne jout'g lions provides an abundance or their wants; tbey need no etfort, r.o labor, for tbe flow of the current brinirs the food to their very doors. Besides, each atom of water that comes iu contact with their delicate, eensitive gills, sets free its imprisoned air to frehen and lu vigoiate their pellucid blood. Nor cau wedoubt that the gentle agitation ot the water as it Hows around them, the equal temperature of the ocean, varying only trom one degree of pleasautnccs to another, the act of im bibing the fluid and soitiy expelling again what is not required for breathing, that all these charges, unceasingly aticoting tbeir tender substance, afl'ord them both whole poaie occupation and cheerful amusement. Wb little suspect, when looking at the ro igh shell and the shapelets raas within, how beautiful the structure ot the animal is, at d at how many countless poin's it is susceptible to in-: fluences from the outer world. Hut if we put an oyster into a vivarium, aud then aid our feeble sight by the inventions of science, we are struck at once by tbe millions of tiny hairs, cilia, which now are i-een to vibrate incessantly, aud to keep time most marvellously, us they beat on every fibre of each frinclng leader. Hrt uo tcijt iiupemci luntruiuents lu the hands of be greet Leeuwnhoeck made him exclaim with amazement: "The tnoUon I saw was so incredibly great that I could not be satisfied with the spectacle, and it is not in the mind of man to conceive all the motion which I beheld within tbe compass of a Brain ' of sand;" and yet his untrained, eye saw but a titbe ot what Is now known tocaretul observer' 1 Well may we marvel, and adore the suoliaie ; goodness which devised all this elaborate aud ' inimitable contrivance for the well-being of a despised thellusb. We take tbe following from "Louis Napo leon and his Empire," in the same magarine: To the strauger who, lor pleasure or busine-s. passetses rapidly from one country to another. FruBce wears a beautiful mask. We Americans, especially, who come uom tbe laud par excellence of railway and steambout accidents aud dusky stations, contemplate with wonder the regu larity, tbe comfort, and the rapidity of tho French railway system; we, who read every morning, wben we are at home, of daring burglaries, ot tbe commission of crime in a huudred lorms, are struck with the perfect order of the FVench cities, the surprising and mysterious control of the poliee, and the rarity of those violations of law so common with us; we see with delight the sparkle of Parisian society, the grandeur of Parisian streets and monuments, the wealth of the Parisian world, the bright and unanxious semblance of pros perity which pervades almost every quarter of the French metropolis. Passing beyond ParUj, we are yet more channel to note every where the same cheerful and thrifty aspect; there are fields with tbeir golden burdens of wheat and corn, manufacturing towns bustling with occupation, quiet, sunny little villages lying peacefully along the river-sides, where all seems content and peace, and wbither the jars and miseries ot man's lot seem never to have Jienetrated; stately cathedral towns, with their amous memories, seemingly Indolent, prospe rous, ignorant of want, apuaren'.ly revelling in a complete sufliciency. Here, everywhere, all is odt r, security, pence, content. France seems, in some places, to be resting from tbe turmoils ot the past seventy years; iu other places, to have roused herself, and to be seizing the op portunity which ord rly government has pro vided, to enrich hersel: and to rival the indus trial progress of the Anlo-Sxon races. Her harbors yon will find full ol ships; her manufactories busy ; her farms under thrifty cultivation; her vineyards, In autumu, groaning under the prolific yield of their pre cious J'rutt. You are surprised to find such appsrent prosperity every where, such order in adminl&tratlou, such activity in public and private improvement 1 But this, for the most part, is a biinht and beautiful mask, uuder which tbe sombre reality lies bid; the paint ou the mask is too bright to be natural, the over redness of the cheeks, the over-whiteness of the brow, the over-blackness of the lashes, tho rigidity of the smile, the stare ot the regard, reveal its want of truth. Tua Empire has given to France at least a semclance of prosperity, and you must study her attentively to discove whether it is, or not, a veritable prosperity. Wittiout question, it is a veritable prosperity, viewed in certain lights. Compared with the days of the Bourbons, or even those of Louis Pbilippe, there is a great material improvement. That is partly due to the feeling ot security, resulting from tbestreuerth of the djnastv.aud aconadence that it will hold Us owu; partly to the liberal progress made by reason ot the adoption of tree trade principles; and partly to the great ad ministrative vigor of the Government, which has been active in carrying out tho Internal improvements. The truth, however, is, tbat there is ia Fiance at once high prosperity and great want; prosperity among the lew and the rich, want among the vast majority of the poor. At the time of writing, the misery of great masses of tbe French population exceeds tbat of any periad since the foundation of the second empire. The following remarks about the condi tion and social status of the freedmen wo tskefrom n article , entitled, ''The Man -nd t Brother" in the October AUaniki- ' 1 Tbe most hopeful siao lo the negro Is his aoxiaiy to have bis children educated. The two, cr furr e htinweil novs and at iris whom I used to a-e around the Bureau school-house attired , with a decencr which bad strains 1 to the utmost tbe slei.dcr parental purse, ill spared from the nara iaoor nrcesry to support their lammes, ghe ul and noisy over their luncheons of cold rca-ted ewiet pouttc were proois th t the race has a chance in the future. Many a sorely- Eiorbed woman, a widow, or deserted by her usband, would rot let her boy go out to service, "bckaso I wants him to have some schoolin." One of the elder girls, a remarkably hatdMime octoroon. wth Grecian featares aud chestnut hair, atieuded recitations in the morn lug, aud worked at her tradti of ilress-makimt tn tho atteruoon. There were some grown men who CMme io the evming to wrestle, rather hopelessly than otherwise, with the depravities of our Ei gliJh spelling. Oue of tbem, a gray bearieJ pe. son with round spectacles, bent on qualifying himself for the mint-try, was very amuilig with his stereotyped remark, wbcu corrected of a mistake, '"I 'specs likely you, may b right, mum. " It is a mooted point whether colored children are as quick at U amine as white children. I should say not; cert am' y tho e whom 1 s-tw could not coruraie with tbe Caucasian younir rer of ten or twelve, who is "tackling" ITrerrb, Uernisri, hnd I.a'ln; they aro interior to him not only in knowledge, but in tho facility ei acquisition. In their favor It must be renemicred that they lack the torcine ele ments ot biuhly educnted competition and of a refined borne influence. A white lad Rets much b okii-hneis ami many advanced ideas from the oaily converse of his family. More over, arces'rdl intelligence, trained through generations of study, must tell, even ihoimo, the iIvhI thinking n acuities may ba naturally ot the same cuiibre. I am convinced that the nepro as he is, no matter bow educated, is not the mental equal of the European, Whether he Is riot a man, but merely, a- "Ariel" and Dr. Cartwriwht would huve us believe, "a living creature," is quite another question, and of so l ttle practical importance th-tt no wonder Governor Perry has written a political letter about it. Human or not. there he is in our midst, four millions strong: and if he is not educated mentally aud morally, he will make us iroume. What Is the nerrro's social status, and what is it to be ? I was amused one Sunday morning by a little tableau which presented itself at tho frout dorr of my hotel. The Bureau Superin tendent ot Education naving arrived on an in specting tour, my venerable trlend Hopkins bad caded to take him to church, and was waitiug in 11s meek fashion under the portico, not cboos tie to Intrude upon the august interior of tbe establishment. Having lately been ordained. and conceiving bim-elf eullilsd to the iushrnia of his profession, he had put on a white neck cloth, wbich of course contrasted brilliautly wun mi oiacK iace ana ciotuine. in toe door way stood a citizen, a resectable and kludly mau, excellently well reconstructed toj, and with us tew of the Southern prejudices as one couid have in Greenville. But he was lost iu wonder at this novel spectacle; he had a smile ot n lreled curiosity and amusement on his lace to which I cauuot do justice; he seemed to be admitting tbat here was indeed a new and most comical era in human history. A nigger in regular clerical raiment was evidently a phe-' nomenon wcicn his imagination never could hsve depicted, and wbich fact aloue so much siTanger than fiction could have brought home to bim as a possibility. Whether he believes at this day that he actually did see Hopkins in a black coat and white cravat is more than doubtful. Not for generations will the respectablo whites ot the touth, any more than those of the North, accept the negroes as their social equals. That pride of race which has marled all distinguished peoples which caused the Greeks to stjle even the wealthy Persians and Egyptians barba rians which made the Romans refuse for ages the boon of citizenship to other Italians which led the Semitic Jew to scorn the Harnittc Ca naonite, aud leads the Arian to scorn the Jew that sentiment which, more than anything else, hhs treated nationality and patriotism has among us retreated to the family, but it guards ibis lust stronghold with jealous care. Whether the applicant tor admission be the Chinaman ot tali orn a or the Aincan ol Carolina, he will for long be repulsed. The acceptauco of the nearo as the social equal of the white lu our country dates so far into the future that, practically speaking, we may consider it as never to be, and so cease concerning ourselves about it. Barring the dregs of our population, as, for instauce. the poor white trash of the South, the question interests no one now alive. Our Young Fo'ks is up to its usual standard of excellence. Iu the present number Dr. Hajes' "Story of Arctic Lite and Adventure'' Is concluded. "The White Wools of Ghent" is an interesting 'account of Van Artevelde's celebrated contest against the feudal lords- of Flanders. HarrjFenn's design of "Harvesting,1! which is given as the frontispiece, Is very good. Ihe Riverside Magazine presents an attractive table of contents. The third chapter of the story of "A Year Among the Indians," by Martha M. Thomas, will please the boys. The illustrations by Mr. Bierstadt, however, are not particularly fine. It Is announced, that Hans Christian Andersen las been engaged as a regular con tributor to this magazine. This will be good news to grown people as well as the youngsters. Arthur's Home Magazine has something to suit every ore in the home circle, old and young stories, poetry, fashion articles, etc. 5 Ihe Children's Hour contains pleasant stories, news, etc., suited to the capacity of young children. Tbe October number of this magazine Is a very good one. Sloan's Architectural, Review for August has a number of valuable practical articles, such as "Stained Glass," by John Gibson; "Fresco T 1. 1 n t i ri . ItltB Cha.la. llp.nia., KPronrln.l pen try and Joinery," by the Editor; "Ventilation ana iteaiicg." Dy xewis L,eens. xue work Is handsomely printed and illustrated, and it ought in a great measure to supersede the Uogiisn publications wuicn our architects and builders have been obliged heretofore to rely upon tor current intormation about mutters concerning their profession. MARINE TELEGRAPH. Jftjr additional Marine New tee First Page, ALMANAC JfOB FHILADKLPH I A THIS DAT. Bun Kisau..,MMM.........s ia m.oon Hh;Ts..-,.....uiorn. 8'TN SKTH SStl HlWH W ATM ft S U PHlUADH.Li'ilLA OAxU) OH" 1'KADH,. John u. jakiw, t Joai FH O. UbL'HII, VMoNTnLT OlMMlTTBU John D. Ta ylub. J MOVKJUENTS OF OCEAN gTHl.VMUltS. FOH AUKKltV. Hlbernla. Glasgow New York.... ept. 11 HiiiHiia Liverpool. ..New York H uiu 15 1 nlnn Houlhamploti...New Y or ic. ........... Hept in Helvetia. Liverpool. ..New York dept. IS CI. ol A ntnerp.... Liverpool. ..New York Sept. IS Nova Gentian... -Liverpool. ..Quebec -Sent. 17 WeMi'iiMl!a..Boiitliamptoii...New York Hpr. is 1 uro pa HkHKow...Nw York K-iuU 18 Atalauta - lx)iHlou...New York Hep:, HI Vllle He fails.... Brent ..Now York..........K oi it) ( una......... Liverpool. ..New York I-Wot. 19 Kma.- laverpool...Nt)W York -Shpi. 19 Aleppo.. J.lverpool...New York.........Spt as Col Paris. Llverpool...New York .Sept. 23 AuMi Ian LI vrpool...Qubeo ...H-ipt. 21 CofYVatihinKton.Liverpool...Nw York Shoi, 2d Java Llverponl...New York . ,9epU ltd niK KUIlOr'K. Palmyra....... New York...Llvrpool .............. fi -pt. 21 Writer New York...liremeu... City o Huston... New York... Liverpool inpl. 2H Brltanula.M...New York...tllaKOW ....... HrtiH. 2 ly.uiiaua.....,.New York...Llverpool H ipt, 2U (Jlnibila. New YorkHaml)urii. Htpb ? Cblua.n.M. New Yoik.Llveriool Sept. SJ COAoTWiBK, UOMKVrK). JTU. Prometheus.....Phlia1a tiharleKion...,...HSRpt. SI K'agle New York.,.llavana... .-hpI. 24 11. thkuncey ...New York... Aspln wall... .....Hpl. 21 Tona auua......Phllada...,..nvaiiiiah...........iept. 2S tlarl)aa.,M New York...New Urlen....-lept. jt Junli....-Plillaaa.....New (rieaaa..Uj)N Columbia..... .-New York...Naoaaa ..uot. S Malls are lor warded by every "learner In the reuular lines. 1 be aleameri for or from Liverpool oail at Uneenitown, except the Canadlau line, wkion call ai Louclumlerrv. Tbe steamers for 01 frout the Conti nent call at MeutlMuaptou, CL1CAB1CD YFHT-TrAY. IfCMiil,Kuiil . Kllnl'U. f.nv. 'U v. Van H ro. Kriii Mau.aa, llk Bolton. U Andunr,a A U . Mobr Kru 1'hoa.Ka. Arnold, Pruvideuon, John Hn- t l. Jr. - - orr Peirl. Cnrtls Lrnn, do. SohrM.K urahain Fuubfalfl, KoWbnrfport, do. "ehr Jnib Hhaw, Hnw. Bonn, do. felir W ni. t'apn. m-mer Marhlehead, do. fchr B. O. Rawyer Hand. Portland, U Aademled A o, HchrJ. V. Pratt. Ntckera in. Brniton. 00, Srhr Merchant. Pnilnon. Alexandria. ' di HetarJ. II Mamba'l. Kdmanda, B aton, do, telit Hammi'Di, Inika. B mod, do. H-hr K (1 Wlllard, Paroxn Portland, do. HchrO, Yonng. Yonn, Itnton 'pta'n. Bt'r Ann Kliim, Rtohanla. New York, w. P. Clyde A Do, W'rW. W lilllilln. Riguana, Baltimore. A Uravw, Jr. TngThos JcfT"ron, Allen. lor Baltimore, wun a tow el bargea, W. P. Clyde A Co. , . . ARRIVED YE-TttR OAT. Korw. ahlp Venieoe, Venpera. 6 Ua) Irom Thomav ton. In bailaat to Merchant A Do. Barque Adelaide NorrK R-ed, tfm Liverpool Aug. I, lib ranee. Io Peter Wrlgrit A Hon Hour Mary. Hemsworih. (day (rum Norfolk, with SblrRlee tn Patiemon A Llpplnoolt. Hour Belle Conway. Hhorter. 12 days from Worlolk, Vflib lumber and ahlngiva to Patterson A Llpplnoolt Hcbr Thomas J, full. O inner, 20 day trim Hiidolk, Va. with abtpRlta to Paiierann A Ltuulnnoit. HohrWut lienril, Crnnell, 4 dajs from Brnton, with mCne. to Crowed A Collins. Huhr lieeora. Clark, from New York, In ballast to WarreD A Urega- Hchr Bee. Uearo. 4 days from Laurel, Del., with lumber to Colling A Co. cbrlwl Grant, Coleman, n days from James river, with lumber to Moore. Wbeailey A O'ttliiKbant. tcbr Oi- an Bird. Hauling. 8 taya I rum Petersburg, Ve . with lumber to Collli.a A (" . Bchr (leroft. Marshall, 1 day Irom Lewes, Det.,wlt'i gruln IO Juri. L RewleyACn. Krbr ltldl. RIcbiruBon, 2 days from St, Martin's, M '., with grain to Jan. L. Hewley A Co. HrhrTwo Bjo' bers. Tyler, from 1) ircne.ter. Srbr Active. W rot en. from (treat Ksg Harbjr. Hfhr K (4 Hawyer. Keen, Irom Boaum. fcM'hrl! Looer. brulth from Boston. Cteemer Blank I'lemond. Meredith, t4 nonrs from New York, with mrtne. to W. M. Balrd A l. Hteamer K. C. Blilclle. Mcllie, 24 hours irom New York, with mde. to W. r. Clyde A Co. ' Hi earner W. U Walker, Pherln. Jt4 hours from New York with mdie. to W. M. Balrd A tf. Tug Thos. JefferKon, Allen, from Baltimore, With a tow ol barges to W. P. Clyde A (Jo. -r , . MEMORANDA' Bb'p Ttland Home. Llawell. for Grtmiby and Phlla de'pbia. cleared at London llth Inst. Unique Josephine, Hilton, lor Philadelphia to load for f .nrope clenred at Boatnn 21st Inat, -- Barque L, T. Smoker, Clifford, hence for Portland, at Holmes' Hoie 2mh Inst. Bstons Innla w wtnn kiiav. hence for San Francisco, was spoken Sth ult. lal. 18 44 N , long. 2D &J nti. . Baiqno Ahd-el-Rader, Kickerson, at Malaga 6th Inst,, irom Marsell lee. Unique Kchliler, Meuneman, hence fur Bremen, was Oft Dover llth lust. Barque Freeman Dennis, Fletcher, hence for Havre, was mi tbe Holt Bib Inst. - . - Barque Margretta. Irom Pisngna Peru, for Philadel phia, waa scoken June 24. bo lal . etc. - "" Brig A. jr. Larrabee, Carlisle, hence, at Bangor 20th Inntant. Brig Sportsman. Morton, for Philadelphia, sailed Irom Malem 21st Inst. -mj Brig Hemrich Moll. Bradherrlog, hence, at Stock boim 4th Inst nuw wMf&n - " - Brig H. H, McGllvery, Brewster, for Phlladelphl Ailed from Portland. 22l InitL. -a Brig Alex. 'Williams Babln. hence, at Glace Bay 7tn iiit.. ana c earea loin lor New York. Bilg Marshall. Coombs, from Portland forPhlladel DhlB. at Holmes' Hole with InnL Brig J.J) Lincoln. Hammond, hence for Portland, at Holmes' Hnln 2nih lr,t. -m Brig Wenonah, Davis, from Bath forPhlladel phla i Hoiroes' noie 2ntn Inst. - - i Brig George Burnham, McLellan, hence for Port land, at Holmes' Hole 2Ht Inst. Brig Jii'la K. Avery, Babbldge, bence, at Bangor Brig Mansanllla, Magune, for Philadelphia, sailed frnm Calais 141 h Innt. fc-, - .' Brig Princeton, Wells, for Philadelphia, sailed from IB'aia join mau ISiie Bsruuel Welsh. Hoecker. becce, atWllming ten. N. C. iilst Inst . .-4 Brlv HtmiD I.attlmer. Knight, from St. Johns, P, R. , at Baltimore 22d lust. ahe was reported bound to Philadelphia. -e- hchrs Lncy. Jones, and Sarah C. Smith, Banks, hence, at Washington, I, C 22d lust. - Hcnr Skylark, Luring, hence, cleared at Gibraltar 61 b ins', for Genoa, au s nrmt a Bohr Marcus Hnnter. Orr, tor Philadelphia, sailed irom Portland 22a man. w Srhr Addle. Drown. bence at Newbury port 22d Inst. Schrs Jesse F. Clark, Clark, aud Mary Anna, Grler, for Philadelphia, sailed Irom Newport lttib lost. Scbr Annie Amsden. Bang, trom Ntwbnryport for Phlladelrbla, at Newport 2lt tnst. INSURANCE COMPANIES. ""ILLINCH AST A HILT '13 IKSURAJiCE R00K3 INSURANCE COMPANIES. T.NBUKANCBJLC O.M PANT JL ow jtij NORTII AMERICA, No. 232 WALNUT STREET, PHILADA. INCORPORATED 1794. CHARTER PJSRPXTPAL. Marine, Inlnnd, sud tire Inaarance.3 ASSISTS JANUARY 1, 1868, - 12,001,206-72. $20,000,000 losses Paid in Cash Einoe ita Organization. ta3 I Artbnr G. Goffln, cieorge L. Harrison. -. 1irani!l. R. I!nnn. Koward H. Trotter, Kdward 8. Clarke, X. Charlton Henry, Alfred I. Jessup, John P. White, Louis O. Madeira, Samuel W. Juuea, tfuun a, unwti, t harlea '1 ay lor, Ambrose White, William Welsh, lobar d D Wood, S. MorrlB Wain. l,a.n X, n - WWUU HVU , nm un twiiuN, preBiaent, Chablmi Platt Secretary. WILLIAM UUEBLKK, Harrlahurg, Pa-, Central Ageul tor the State ol Peuns Ivauia. 1 25) STRICTLY MUTUAL. PRCVIDENT LIFiTaND TRUST CO. OF PHILADELPHIA, OFFICE, No. Ill S. FOURTH STREET. Organized 10 promote LIFE INSURANCE among members oi the Bocianr of friends, Good risks of any class accepted. Policies lasued upon approved plana, at the lowest rates. President, BAMCEL R. SHIPLEY. Vice-President, William O. Lonostoetb. A oi nary, ROWLAND PARR 7. Tbe advantages o fit red by this Company are not excelkd. 7?j T 0 N D 0 N IMPERIAL IRE INSURANCE COMPANY, ESTABLI8UKD 1803. Paid-op Capital and Accumulated Funds, as,eo,eoo in gold, IX)OAI, DIBkCTOBSi K. M. ARCHIBALu, U. B. M. Consul, Chairman. A A. LOW, of A. A. Low A Bios. KB JAKrRAY.ofK B. JaOray A Co. R tllAjlD lltVIN.of Rlcbard Irvlu ACo. JjA ID HaLuMON No. 11 W. Thlriv-elhth St, J BOOKM A N JOHNtON, of J. J. Johnson & Co. JAMHb o'l U ART, of J, J. binary Besldent Manager, No. 40 PIN K sttreet, N. V. PRKVO-T & MKHKINO, AgeulS, S 22 lm No. lu7 H. THIRD Htreet. Pollada. "WATCHES, JEWELRY, ETC. -tWIS LADOMUS&COT f DIAMOND DEALERS is JEWELERS. WiTtUE8,iKWILBV SILVKB WAUK. V-WAT0HE8 and JEWELET EEPAIEED. 03CTestnj8tPMUi Wonld Invite particular attention to their large and elegant assorlmeut of LADLES' AND GENTS' WATCHES of Ame'lran and Foreign Makersof thejflntat aallty in Gold and fellver Caaea. A variety of Independent X Beoond, for horse timing. Ijulea' and QenU' CHAINS oi latest styles, la 14 and u kt. BTTTON AND EYELET 8TUD3 In great variety newest patterns, SOLID BILVERWA3UB for Bridal presents; Plated-ware. tltA ' ' Repairing done in the best jauiaaer, and war. ranted. t HP FRENCH CLOCKS. a. w. bussell; Ko. 22 KOETII SIXTH STItELT, Ha Just received per steamer Tarlfa, a very large assortment of FRENCH. MARBLE CLOCKS. Procuring these goods direct trom the best manu facturers, they are ottered at the LO rVlCJoT VOl BLEPKICEH. tm . No. 409 WALNUT St. A8KNT3 AND ATTOBHEYS FOB . Ilonie Fire Insurance Company, NEW HAVETS, cosi, SprlngBcld Fire and SLnrlno Ins. Co., BPRINUFIELD, MAOB, Youkcrs and Ken York Insurance Con NEVT YOBX Peoples' Fire Insurance Company, WOlvCKSTER, MASfl. Atlantic Fire and Marine Insurance Co, PRO VXD KNCK, H. I, Guardian Fire Insurance Ctimpany, NrV TUBS Lumberman's Fire Insurance Co., CHICAUO, in. Insnranoe effected at LO WEST RATK8. AU losses pretiiptly and liberally adjaated at thelf Office, No. 40U WALMJT Street, i Philadelphia; DELAWAKE 11 LT UAL SAFETV IN9UK Ast'K COMPANY . Incorporated Br theLi. ture of Pennsylvania, 1886. itii Olllce, Boutbeast corner THIRD and witvnr B'reeia, Philadelphia. Marine inhurancps On Vessels, Cargo, sud Freight, to all parts ot the World. INLAND INURANOW9 au paria oi in. JJjfB URANQBa On merchandise generally. Ou Stores, Dwelling Houses , etc. AftNETS OF THK (OnPAlr Vy.n.m ..... I Kit vtvuiwvi a, acuta SZOO.COO TTblted btatea five Per Cent. ' Loan, lo-tos lM.OOO tnited btatea live Per Cent. . A,oan. lttei tO.000 TJn Ited States 7 8-10 Per Uenu Loan Treasury Notes toc.000 Btate or Pennaylyanla Hlx Per Cent, Loan 125,000 City of Philadt Iphlablx Per Cent, Loan (exenipi from tax) SS 000 81 ale Of New JersevHlx Per Cent. Loan 1,00008 SOono PennarlTanla Railroad Flnit Mortgage bix Per Cent, Boudx. g5,00.Peunsyivaula Railroad, Be oud Mortgage Mx Percent. Honda. B,000 'Westera Pennsylvania Railroad Blx Percent. Houds (Pr-tiOByl-vanla Rallroal guaraeu).... 80,000 Btate ot Tenntssee fRve Per Cent, Loaua... ........M. , 7000 Btate of TenneuM biz Per Cent, Loan.M...... 6,600,800 shares stock of Uermantown Oaa Company (principal aud ' Intereet guaranteed Dy tne . .aa .."'J of Pnlladelpbla).... 100 15o blmree Htock or Penusylva- nla Railroad Company. (,000 100 Bharoa Block of North Penn , .Mlvanla Railroad Compauv. 20,000 80 Hharea Stock Philadelphia and southern Mall (steamship 0 Company X01,800 Loans on Bonds and Mortgage, first liens on CHy Property...... rv-. .,Mj:k?.T,lJa' .U2.8l-W BeatritHle....T ; .". Bills Rece.vahie tor insurauue made BaUncea due at Ageauiea Pr. uu juarine roitciea Accrued interest aud other aebta due tbe Company 48,834 'M Btock and pcrlp of sundry Insa- - aim uiuur ucimiianiMa fi.iui.4io rar. 11,000 -00 2.562'M UO.070'00 125,825 00 19,800D0 S3,a76'N 20,000'00 18,000-00 1270-00 15.000-00 7,800-00 S.000-09 18,000-00 201.90C-00 8,000-0 118,185-87 tl l a LAa "SaVa. " " .ie 29362 183,815-8a Thomas O. Hand, DIEECJS?S a Hand. Kdmund A. Bonder. Joseph H. Beal, ' 1 iieopnilua Paulding, Hugh Craig. Edward Darlington John R. Penrose, H. Jones Brooke, George O. Lelper ll B07,06'lfi Baujuel JCttwaee. James Traquair. Jacob P. Joues, James R. McK'arland. Joshua P. k John D. 1'ay lor,' Duvuuer ate. JvalPe, llenrv (1. Haiiai. t Ueorae W. Rernardoa, ? JvMo'lfui PHwburg, J, B. Bemple, ii iuET, r. S""i i-resiaeni, HENRY LYlBJuS! Ve-Presldeut. , HKNRy BALL.Aaslstant Becretary. U80 William a. Rouiton, Edward Lafourcade, rfBcu juegei, J829-C1IA11TEU PE11PETUAL. Franklin Fire Insurance Co OF FIIII.ABKLPIIIA. OFFICE: Kos. 435 and 437 CUESSUT STREET. ABMETS OH JAHUABT 1. ISM, s?,003,74000, CAPITA l,IS,IM-fj4 A CCS VED B VRPL VM ., TJNBTTLED CLAIMS. INCOME FOB 18SS a,6Q3ai8 saoti ,ooo-0o, -LOHkES PAID SINCE 1880 OVB 5 500,000. Perpetual and Tempoiary Policies on Liberal Term. Charles N. Bancker, luoiaa n iiutr, Baiuuel (iraut, tieorge W. Rlchardd laaau Ijta, DIRiCl-ORa. Ueorge Falea, COMPAMI OP Aaaawa in oa, Francis W. Lewis, M. D.. I homaa B par as, ' " WUllaui B. Uraut CHARL El N. BANIlitrn f GaOltoM FALJ5.B, Vlo-Pra,iouU JAB, W. McAn-lsl'iiK, Beoieiary iro lew. ixcepl at Lexington, Kentucky, this Company haa PU Ageuciea Weal ol Piiisontg. 12 PHOENIX INSUUAACJB PrtlLADELHH Ia. IN CORPORA TD 1S04-CHART1;R PKRPKTrjA t. No. '1A W ALN UT Birett, opposite the JtatohsngaT This Company waurea troin loss or damage by FlRai, on liberal terms on buildings, merchandise, rhrnftnre etc.. for limited periods, aud permaueutly on build. lugs by deposit of premiums. The Company has been in active operation for mora than SIXTY y E RM, during which all losses have) been promptly adjutiu-d and paid, John L. Hodge, jn. a iuanony, John T. Lewis, William H. Urant, Robert W. Learning, It, uiara vvuaiv'u, Lawrence Lewis. Jr. Lav at Lewis, Benlamlu Kiting, Thomas H, Powers, A. R. MoHeory, Kdmund casililon, aamuel Wilcox, Lewis u. Norru. JOHN R. WntlRERKU. PrMldent. BaarDKlWnxiox. Hwwisrv, taal FIKETNSrjRANCEXCLDBlVELy-TUB KNNBYLVANIA FIR hi INbURANCK COM PAN Y Incorporated 18Zfr-Charter Perpetual No Bin WALNUT Bireet, opposite Independence Bquaro luis lunipsoy, iavirau'y Known to tuiouiuuiuunr for over forty years, omlunes to Insure agalust loaa or damage by Ore on Publln or Private Bulldlaga, ruber permanently or for a limited lime. Also ou rally, ou liberal terms, , , Their Capital, together wHh a large Bnrplns Fnnd; Is Invented In ihe tunt ctrelui mauner, which enables) them to offer to the tuaurea an undoubted seourlty la th.KUAallfWL t . ciCroBJ. Daniel Bmltn, jr., Alexander Reuaou, 1-aao ashural, uioi ii stuuiii k, jr. LA NlhL oMlTU. jB.,Preal.'ent. WM, 0. CBOWi-LL, becreiary. John Devereur, Thomas muiiu. Itanry i.ewls, J. Olulnghaw Felt, ck, Jr,