THE DAILY E ftlviifCt TELEGRAPH PHILADELPHIA, 7 L Tit SPAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 18G8.
THE OCTOBER MA GAZINES.
The October number of the Galaxy ns.8 an
article on Vittsria Colomm, the friend and good
genius of MI61iatl 'Angelo, from which ,
tract the iolld'wingM- I ' r
It wss Immediately after the publication of
the flnt edition of iwr poems and when site was
at the zenith of ber fame, that she took, up ber
residence tn Home, ana trhleved tbe greatest
triumph of tier lite, the eapttvatlon of the aus
tere and toic soul of Micuacl Antri'io m a fer-
.Tent and chaHtc love, bocU as never before had
power over this mot wonderful man." Un ler
what circumstances the first met Michael ADgelo
is not precisely known. When she arrived in
Home he was liaid at work on bis paintinir of
.the "Last Judgment, io the Siatlnn Chapt-1 ;
and his nature was so retlrinir, and Vittoria's
intcrent io and eDthuMasm tor art to great, that
it IB probable that she sought him out. 4 She
was then forty -eUbt, a time at which women
rarely expect to win, or succeed in winning,
such admiration as she received from him: and
Michael An pre lo was sixty years old, and had
probably long relinquished the hope of meeting
a soul to whom he could iully open his own.
They became friends instantly, however, and
Vittoria's noblest gift, the power she pos
seted of drawing out and developing wnat
ever - was tjnest in tbe characters of
those with whom she came In con
tact, was never nior fully exemplified than in
this Instance; and many of tho sonnet! which
Michael Angelo addressed to her bear witness
no less to the strength and purity of his love for
her than to the vast influence she had over him,
and its foothiiip, ennobling-, welcome power
over bis wt'Hried foul. On her side, she under
stood his character Instinctively, and reverenced
It even ns she did his genius; aud ot that genius
she said that, "transcendent as it was, those
who only knew his work, and not himself,
valued that in him which could ouly be called
perlect on a lower scale." This was bleu praise,
if we remember that Vittoria wa9 a real ljver of
nrt, cupabie of feeling to tbe utmost the more
than joy which it bes'ows on those who truly
love it; deeply penetrated with a sense ot its
almost diviue mission to humanity, und fully
recognizing tho immense value of the services
wbicb this man, ' piu cite mortal angiol dicin,"
had rendered to it. She was the only human
being who ever possessed real personal power
over him; and she used it entirely to soothe and
gotten him, never in a single instance to gratify
her own viintty. An exmplo of the delicate
tact with which she drew upon his vast mental
resourres, is gweu in F. d'Oilanda's account of
a Sunday afternoon he SDent in their company
at the Convent of ban Hilvestro, a trauslatiou of
which is given in t; mum's life of Michael
Michael Angelo bound up forty of the sonnets
which he received Irom her in a volume which
he always kept near hlni, and one of the moBt
famous sounets which he addressed to her was
written to acknowledge a volume of her poems
whl:h she presented to him when she lett Uomc
fur Viler bo.
Not all unworthy of tbe boundless grace
Which tliou, most noble lady, hast bemowed,
I lam at Uibi would pay the. debt I owed,
Aud some small giU lor ihy aic-pUuuj place;
Hn' soon I felt 'in not alone deiire
Tbat opes the way 10 reach an altn so high,
My rMh pretentions Uielr sticce.-s deny,
Aud 1 ktow wine whl e fulling 10 aspire:
And well I see how lalse li were to ihlnk
That any work, faded aud frail, of mine
Could emulate the perteel grace of iliiue:
tienlus and art and during backward shrink,
A thousand works fiom mortals like to me
Cau ne'er repay what heaven has given thee I
The sublime strain of aspiration which runs
through most of these sonnets was very much
thercbultof Vittotia's example and influence.
Her deeper rt lisious experiences coincided In a
great degree with those of Michael Angelo; and
the natural gentleness and dependence ot her
woman's nature had taught her a higher faith
and deeper consolation than he had attained
when they met. Her later poems, which are all,
or nearly all, ou sacred subjects, have a much
higher degree of finish than her others. She
labored to make them perfect, from the idea
that nothing ought to be as nob.e and beautiful
as religious poems; and thus it hapDened that,
iu nearly every sonnet which Michael Angelo
addressed to her, ihe expression of his love is
blended with au aspirat on towards that Divine
Love in whom aloue human love may be im
mortal. Bitter plea
Love cannot have th n that, lu loving theo,
a lory to tuat eternal peace Is paid
. Who bucIi divinity to thee Imparls
As hallows and makes pure all gentle hearts.
His hope Is treacherous whose love dies
With beauty, which Is varying every hour:
But in chaste hearts, uninfluenced by the power
Of outward change, thorn blooms a deathless 11 J wer
That breathes ou earth the air if paradise.
Long years after Vittoria's death, that death
less flower was blooming still in Michael Au
gelo's heart. The frenzy of despair into whicn
he was thrown by her loss was well known,
and shortly before he died he told Condiva tbat
he repented nothing in his whole life so mach
as having only kissed her hand, and not her hps
aud cheese, when he went to her at her last
The latter years ot her life were spent amid
fast-thickeulng shadows. The storm of perse
cution which was beginning to race agniust
those who held liberal opinions, the iucreadug
severity of the Inquisition, the ignominious
flight of Occhluo and Peter Martyr, the death of
Contariul, of whom she said that "he ought to
have becu Pope to have made the age happy,"
and, lastly, the tragic iate of tbe Marquis
del Vasto, "the light of Italian soldiers," and
who had always been to her a son, crushed the
strong spirit which had borne so much with
patience. She survived Vasto several years,
but they were years of suffering aud infirmity,
and all the letters written by her friends on the
ubject of her health express the regret that no
physician could be found for her mind. She
resided up to within a tew mouths of her death
at the convent of S. Cateriua, where she com
posed ber last rime, and where she is supposed
to have somewhat hastened her end by the
austerities which she practised. Early in the
Tear 1647 she returned to Rome, and took up
her residence at the convent of B. Anna. She
was then very ill, and a lew weeks later, as it
became evident that she was near her end, she
was removed to the Palazzo Cesarini, "chlamato
Argentina," which was tbe residence of Oiuliano
Cesarlnl and his wife Giulia Colonna. Here, on
the lGth of February, 1647, she marie and signed
her last will and testament, bequeathing large
turns for charitable purposes, and the remainder
of her fortune to ber brother Aicauio Colonna.
Bhe then gave minute directions as to her fune
ral, desiring that it should be as simple and
unostentatious as possible, and, la all things,
like the butial ot a professed nun. After this
ahe sank rapidly, suffering much, but bearing
it with the serene patience characteristic of her,
until towards the end of February the day
dawned which was to close upon her dying bed.
As the hours crept on one after another of
her friends stole in to look upon her beloved
face for the last time; but one there was who,
after all had gone, aud she had sunk Into the
unbroken quiet which preceded dissolution,
lingered still beside her bed, holding her cold
hand in his own, and gazing, with what infinite
Jove and longing, what a passion of regret, we
shall never know, upon the features, worn and
sunken, but delicate and beautiful still, which
his love and genius have rendered forever
famous. He had bis reward at last, for, as the
twilight deepened into night, the silence which
he had feared would be the last, was at length
broken, she turned suddenly to him, and whis
pered, "1 die. -Help me to repeat my last
prayer. I cniinot nuw remember the words."
And still holding her hand, Michael Auaelo
repeated one of the most devout utterances iu
which a Christian soul ever aspired to Its (Jod,
while her lips moved without uttering a souud:
"Grant, 1 pray Ttee. U Lord, lhat I may ever
worship Thee with that humility of soul which
becometh my low estate, and that elevation
which Thy glory demandeth; that In that fear
Which Thy Justice requireth, and that hope
which Thy clemency alloweth, I may ever live;
that to Thee, as the most powerful, I may sub
mit myself, that to Thee the all wise, I may
?ield myself, and that to Thee, as the all perfect,
may be wholly turned. O Father, most holy,
I pray that Thy living flame may purity me Thy
clear light lighten me, and Thy true love so in
spire me, tbat no mortal hindrance may with
hold me from Thee, and that to Theo I may re
turn, blest, and at peace."
i And even as It was uttered It was answered,
lot t the last word fell frpni his lips, "she
tnrrrfd" her Isrpe eye upon Mm, a smile trem
bled on ber-lips, and sue tranquilly expired,
murmuring some words which be coald not
The brief life of human pain was over; the;
long joy of eternal life begun. !
Valttn tn pace anima beatn e brlln.
In Mr. Bicbard Grant White's article i i tho
same Magazine, "Words and their Uses," are
these sensible remarks about "squeamish
Limb. A sqneamishness, which I arareallf
ashamed to noi Ice, leads many persons to use
this word exclusively instead ot ler. A limb is
anything which is separated from another thing
and yet joined to it. In old English limbed was
used to mean Joined. Thus, in tho "Ancreu
Riwle," "Loketti that ye beon euer mid onnesse
of herte illmed togeder," that is, ' Look tbat yo
be ever with oneness oi heart joined together.''
The branches ot a tree have a separate indi
vidual character, and are jet parti of the tree,
and so are limbs. The Augers are properly
limbs of the hand; but the word Is generally
arplied to the greater divisions, both of trees
and animals. The limbs of the human body are
tbe legs and the arms; the former no more so
than the latter. Yet some folk will say
that by a railway accident one womau
had her arms broken and another her
limbs meaning her legs; and some will say that
sbe has hurt her leg when her thigh was Injured.
Perhaps these persons think tkat it Is indelicate
lor a woman to have lens, and tbat therefore
tbey are concealed by garments, and should be
concealed by speech. It so, llsuven help them;
they aie far cut ot .my reach. I can only sav to
them that there Is no immodesty in soeating of
any part or function ot the human body when
there Is iiecessity for doing so, and that when
they are spoken of It Is immodest not to coll then
by their proper names. The notion that by
giving a bad thing a wrong or unmeaning name,
the thing, or the mention of it, is bettered, is
surely one ot the silliest that ever entered the
mind of man. It is the occasion and tho pur
pose of speech wh'.ch makes it modest or immo
dest, tot the thing spoken of or the giving It it
Rooster. A rooster Is any animal that roosts.
Almost all birds ate roosters, the cocks, of
course, as well as the heus. What sense or deli
cacy, tben, is there In calling the cock of the
domestic fowl a rooster, as many people do I
The cock Is no more h rooster than the hen; and
domestic fowls are no more roosters than canary
blids or peacocks. Out of this nousjnse, how
ever, people must bo laughed rather than
Gfnileman. Lady. -Theso words hive been
forced upon us uuiil they have begun to be nau
seous, by people who will not do me tbe honor
of reading thse art. cles; so tbat any plea here
for man and uoman would be la vain aud out of
place. But I will notice a very common misue
of the loimer which prevails in business corres
pondence, In which Mr. A. is ad tressed as Sir,
but the firm of A. B. 4 Co. as Gentlemen. Now,
tbe plural of 6ir is Sirs: and if gmleman has
any significance at all, it ought not to be made
common aud unclean by being applied to mere
business purposes. As to the ado that is made
about "Mr. Blank and ladv," it seems tj me
quite superfluous. If it pleases any man to
aunounce on a hotel book that his wife, or any
other womnn who is travelling under his protec
tion, is a Jady, a perfect lady, let htm do so in
peace and quiet. Tuis isamatierol taste and
hsbit. The world ia wide, and the freedom of
this country has not quite jet deprived us of
the right of choosing our associates, or f l'orm
Female. The use of this word for woman is
one of the most unpleasant and inexcusable of
the common perversions of language. It is not
a Briticism, although it is much more in vogue
among British writers ami speakers than amoue
ourown. With us lady is the favorite euphemism
for woman. For every one of the softer and
more ambitious sex who is dissatisfied with her
social position or uncertain ot it, seems to share
Mrs. Quickley's dislike of being called a woman.
There is no lack of what is called authoritative
usage during three centuries for this misuse of
female, as 1 may show should 1 undertake the
discussion of Americanisms so called. But
this is one of those perversions which are justi
fied by no example, however eminent. A cow,
or a 60W, or any the bruto is a female just as a
woman is; as a man is no more a male than a
bull is, or a boar; and no woman calls herself a
iemalo without tiioi'eby Ahuriig hur nam will H
the brute creation.
Chemise. Why women will call their first
undergarment a chemise, it is not easy to under
stand. Chetuise means merely shirt, and
nothing else; and its meaning is not changed
or its sound improred wh' n it is pronouueed
shimmy, fehirt is the original English name for
this garment as well as the corresponding gar
ment of men. Seethe following passago from
tiower's "Confessio Amantis:"
Jasnn his clothes ou him cast,
And m.de him redy right anon,
And sue her ahertt did upon
And cast ou her a mantel close.
Wilboute more, and than arose.
But women wishing, as well tbey might, to dis
tinguish ilrs part ot their r'ress from that of a
mat), called it, very properly, a shitt. (See
Johnson's Dictionary.) Hmock Is much better
than chemise, and has, like fhifi, the support of
long usage by the best speakers aud writers. I
have heard an Englishwoman of high rank, and
of uuimpeacuable propriety of conduct and
manners, speak of bar smock just as fraikly and
aim ply as she would speak of her shoo or her
bonnet. If a woman wish to say that she wears
a shirt let her say so; she says nothing else
when she speaks of her chemise.
An appetizing; essay, entitled "Mine Oys
ter," In the October number of Futnam'a
Magatme, shows that the lite of a bivalve has
its pleataut phases:
Even the life ot a poor, silent hell-3ih. once
reputed tbe dullest aud most iuert of all ani
mals, will then be found to have its Interest and
its romance. In vain did Plato already assign,
in his transmigration of souls, people who, as
men, wete thoroughly ignorant and without
thought, to oysters thereafter, and speak else
where ot the soul being fettered to tho body
like an oyster to its shell; in vaia does Virey, in
our time, call them the poor and afflicted arnom
the beings of creation, who seem to solicit tbe
pity ot happier animals tbey are, as we shall
see, beautifully made, capable of enjoying much
happiness, aud susceptible of being taught a
lesion which most ot us proud men have never
been able to acquire.
Their lite, usually pictured as one of utter
helplessness and unbroken seclusion, is by no
means spent in unvarying repose. At the
proper time, in the spring ot the year, when all
Nature is full of tender love and restless activity,
the mother-oyster abo Is visited by the ruling
passion, and "the icy bosoms feel the secret
firs." boon after, tbey are seen to contain a
large quantity of milk-white fluid, which the
microscope shows us to consist of almost invisi
ble eggs and milt, lying snugly side by side in
the same shell. Unlike most marine animals,
however, tbe oyster does not heartlessly aban
don its spawn and leave it to the mercy of
winds and waves; but from the oviary the eggs
pass into the sheltering folds of tbe mantle,
wheie tbey remain lor some time. Here they
are surrounded by a nutritious substance,
which serves to sustain them as the white of an
egg supports the younir chicken. After a while
the whitish raa-s thickens, and oysters in this
this state are called "milky," because the mais of
eees resembles thick cream in consistency and
color. The latter turns into yellow, tbou into
darker brown, and the eggs are hatched! Sud
denly the mother opens tbe shell; a dense mist
is spread all around, and the jouug brood
scatters far aud wide.
Upon their first appearance In their new
career, they are all life and motion, flitting
about In tbe sea as srayly and lightly as the
butterfly roams from flower to flower, or the
swallow skims through the air. They are odd
little cherubs, consisting, like the angels of old
masters, of nothing but a couple ot wing like
lobes on both sides of a mouth and shoulders,
but not encumbered with a heavy, awkward
bodv. The wings, fastened to rudimentary
shells, are covered on tbe surface - with
countless little hairs, which move inces
santly up and down, aud thus enable
the tiny creature to swim about in the water.
Their infancy is oue of perpetual joy and
vivacity; tbey skip to and fro as if in mockery
of their heavy aud immovable parent. They
do not co far from her. however, and the time
I of their joy is In their lite, as a ours, but
brief, n6 soon at an end. After day .or, Wo
they seen) to bave sjn their wild pa s, and if
luck has favoted them so as to escape the thou
sand voracious enemies tnnt lie every rbre tn
wait, or prowl about to prey upou their youth -and
want ot experience, they finally settle
down upon soanis suitable rpstitnt-olace, a s'one
or a branch, and become steadv, dnmestlo
oysters. But how foiv of them reuch the gisl I
When they start from their moiher' safe home,
tliaS ..Atlaa . aw. i I 1 1 . I I. a m
flijd a new babltatiOL, at lenst nine-tenths of
their number have pensned I
Alter tbey have auacbed themselves by means j
of a glutinous substance, witu which proviaeat j
Nature has endowed tbm. to some permanent,
place on what Is called a good spatting
ground, the little wings, no nseies-', eraduallf ,
dwindle and shrink, until they disappear,
like the tali of a tadpole when it changes
lnt the full-grown frog. Then they br gin to'
f'row, slowly, like all goml things of this earth, j
rom the size of a piu's bead, at two weeks, i
to lhat of a riea, at three months; when'
they ae a year old they are perhaps as lartre as
a small lady's . watch, and at the age ot five
years they bk In their prime. The shell re ,
mains trail and tender until tbey reach tbe size
of that rare nin, an American dollar, but is
batd and complete when tbey be.-ome tit for the
table, which lain tbeir (ourth year. As that
time, they are rudely torn from their native bed
by terilble irou prong-, to wbteb thev yield,
with philosophic resignation, and are carried
ULrepiBtiiig to busy chips and the hum of
crowds. If they should escape the gluttony of
man, they die at the appointed tiaie, leaving
their shell, thickened by old age, and alorned
with rings which sbew their jears like Ihe rings
of a tree, to serve as a monument for times to
come, and to add, with millions of their klud, a
new laver to the crust ot the earth.
Such Is their life, simple, and unromantl?, but
by no means as void of enjotment as we are apt
to imagine. There are countless sneers at tbe
j oor Immovable 03ster to be found In poet and
firose writer, as if to be in perpetual motion was
obethe perfection of happlne-s. The oyster
has Its time of merry wanderinir. when it
is young; but it remembers, by times, that
a rolling stone sat hers do moss, and settles
down quietly ini's cool, pleasant home.
An ojster-bed in the sunny tea is the concen
tration ot UDQisturbed haopiness. The countless
creatures congregated there may seem to bo
dormant, bat we are sure they lead each the
beatified existence of an epicurean god. The
world without does not trouble tbem; its cares
and joys, its storms and calms. Its pnssions and
sins, are all indiflcrcnt to tho unheeding oyster.
Aopnrently unoliscrvaut of what psssea around,
Its whole soul is concentrated in itself, and
like Ibe sublime suae of the Hast In his own
word Om, the oyster finds bliss 1n simple ex
istence. And yet it doei not enjoy itself slug
gishly or aput helically; it pleasures are neither
few nor unvaried, lor its body is throbbing
with Hie and a thousand sources of enjoyment.
The performance ot every function with wulch
tho Creator has endowed them and we know
not yet half their number bnr as with it as
much happiness as they arc capable of eujoving.
The miabty ocean itselt is subservieut to tbeir
pleasure, and Its rollmtr waves waft ever fresh
and varii d food wi'.hiu their reach. They have
no care for tbe mornine, tor He who feeds tne
jout'g lions provides an abundance or their
wants; tbey need no etfort, r.o labor, for tbe
flow of the current brinirs the food to their very
doors. Besides, each atom of water that comes
iu contact with their delicate, eensitive gills,
sets free its imprisoned air to frehen and lu
vigoiate their pellucid blood. Nor cau wedoubt
that the gentle agitation ot the water as it Hows
around them, the equal temperature of the
ocean, varying only trom one degree of
pleasautnccs to another, the act of im
bibing the fluid and soitiy expelling again
what is not required for breathing, that
all these charges, unceasingly aticoting tbeir
tender substance, afl'ord them both whole
poaie occupation and cheerful amusement. Wb
little suspect, when looking at the ro igh shell
and the shapelets raas within, how beautiful
the structure ot the animal is, at d at how
many countless poin's it is susceptible to in-:
fluences from the outer world. Hut if we put
an oyster into a vivarium, aud then aid our
feeble sight by the inventions of science, we
are struck at once by tbe millions of tiny hairs,
cilia, which now are i-een to vibrate incessantly,
aud to keep time most marvellously, us they
beat on every fibre of each frinclng leader.
Hrt uo tcijt iiupemci luntruiuents lu the
hands of be greet Leeuwnhoeck made him
exclaim with amazement: "The tnoUon I saw
was so incredibly great that I could not be
satisfied with the spectacle, and it is not in
the mind of man to conceive all the motion
which I beheld within tbe compass of a Brain '
of sand;" and yet his untrained, eye saw but a
titbe ot what Is now known tocaretul observer' 1
Well may we marvel, and adore the suoliaie ;
goodness which devised all this elaborate aud '
inimitable contrivance for the well-being of a
We take tbe following from "Louis Napo
leon and his Empire," in the same magarine:
To the strauger who, lor pleasure or busine-s.
passetses rapidly from one country to another.
FruBce wears a beautiful mask. We Americans,
especially, who come uom tbe laud par excellence
of railway and steambout accidents aud dusky
stations, contemplate with wonder the regu
larity, tbe comfort, and the rapidity of tho
French railway system; we, who read every
morning, wben we are at home, of daring
burglaries, ot tbe commission of crime in a
huudred lorms, are struck with the perfect
order of the FVench cities, the surprising and
mysterious control of the poliee, and the rarity
of those violations of law so common with us;
we see with delight the sparkle of Parisian
society, the grandeur of Parisian streets and
monuments, the wealth of the Parisian world,
the bright and unanxious semblance of pros
perity which pervades almost every quarter of
the French metropolis. Passing beyond
ParUj, we are yet more channel to note every
where the same cheerful and thrifty aspect;
there are fields with tbeir golden burdens of
wheat and corn, manufacturing towns bustling
with occupation, quiet, sunny little villages
lying peacefully along the river-sides, where all
seems content and peace, and wbither the jars
and miseries ot man's lot seem never to have
Jienetrated; stately cathedral towns, with their
amous memories, seemingly Indolent, prospe
rous, ignorant of want, apuaren'.ly revelling in
a complete sufliciency. Here, everywhere, all
is odt r, security, pence, content. France seems,
in some places, to be resting from tbe turmoils
ot the past seventy years; iu other places, to
have roused herself, and to be seizing the op
portunity which ord rly government has pro
vided, to enrich hersel: and to rival the indus
trial progress of the Anlo-Sxon races. Her
harbors yon will find full ol ships; her
manufactories busy ; her farms under
thrifty cultivation; her vineyards, In autumu,
groaning under the prolific yield of their pre
cious J'rutt. You are surprised to find such
appsrent prosperity every where, such order in
adminl&tratlou, such activity in public and
private improvement 1 But this, for the most
part, is a biinht and beautiful mask, uuder
which tbe sombre reality lies bid; the paint ou
the mask is too bright to be natural, the over
redness of the cheeks, the over-whiteness of the
brow, the over-blackness of the lashes, tho
rigidity of the smile, the stare ot the
regard, reveal its want of truth. Tua
Empire has given to France at least a
semclance of prosperity, and you must
study her attentively to discove whether
it is, or not, a veritable prosperity. Wittiout
question, it is a veritable prosperity, viewed in
certain lights. Compared with the days of the
Bourbons, or even those of Louis Pbilippe,
there is a great material improvement. That is
partly due to the feeling ot security, resulting
from tbestreuerth of the djnastv.aud aconadence
that it will hold Us owu; partly to the liberal
progress made by reason ot the adoption of tree
trade principles; and partly to the great ad
ministrative vigor of the Government, which
has been active in carrying out tho Internal
improvements. The truth, however, is, tbat
there is ia Fiance at once high prosperity and
great want; prosperity among the lew and the
rich, want among the vast majority of the poor.
At the time of writing, the misery of great
masses of tbe French population exceeds tbat
of any periad since the foundation of the second
The following remarks about the condi
tion and social status of the freedmen wo
tskefrom n article , entitled, ''The Man -nd t
Brother" in the October AUaniki- ' 1
Tbe most hopeful siao lo the negro Is his
aoxiaiy to have bis children educated. The two,
cr furr e htinweil novs and at iris whom I used to
a-e around the Bureau school-house attired ,
with a decencr which bad strains 1 to the utmost
tbe slei.dcr parental purse, ill spared from the
nara iaoor nrcesry to support their lammes,
ghe ul and noisy over their luncheons of cold
rca-ted ewiet pouttc were proois th t the race
has a chance in the future. Many a sorely-
Eiorbed woman, a widow, or deserted by her
usband, would rot let her boy go out to
service, "bckaso I wants him to have some
schoolin." One of the elder girls, a remarkably
hatdMime octoroon. wth Grecian featares aud
chestnut hair, atieuded recitations in the morn
lug, aud worked at her tradti of ilress-makimt tn
tho atteruoon. There were some grown men
who CMme io the evming to wrestle, rather
hopelessly than otherwise, with the depravities
of our Ei gliJh spelling. Oue of tbem, a gray
bearieJ pe. son with round spectacles, bent on
qualifying himself for the mint-try, was very
amuilig with his stereotyped remark, wbcu
corrected of a mistake, '"I 'specs likely you,
may b right, mum. "
It is a mooted point whether colored children
are as quick at U amine as white children. I
should say not; cert am' y tho e whom 1 s-tw
could not coruraie with tbe Caucasian younir
rer of ten or twelve, who is "tackling"
ITrerrb, Uernisri, hnd I.a'ln; they aro interior
to him not only in knowledge, but in tho
facility ei acquisition. In their favor It must
be renemicred that they lack the torcine ele
ments ot biuhly educnted competition and of
a refined borne influence. A white lad Rets
much b okii-hneis ami many advanced ideas
from the oaily converse of his family. More
over, arces'rdl intelligence, trained through
generations of study, must tell, even ihoimo,
the iIvhI thinking n acuities may ba naturally
ot the same cuiibre. I am convinced that the
nepro as he is, no matter bow educated, is not
the mental equal of the European, Whether
he Is riot a man, but merely, a- "Ariel" and Dr.
Cartwriwht would huve us believe, "a living
creature," is quite another question, and of so
l ttle practical importance th-tt no wonder
Governor Perry has written a political letter
about it. Human or not. there he is in our
midst, four millions strong: and if he is not
educated mentally aud morally, he will make
What Is the nerrro's social status, and what is
it to be ? I was amused one Sunday morning by
a little tableau which presented itself at tho
frout dorr of my hotel. The Bureau Superin
tendent ot Education naving arrived on an in
specting tour, my venerable trlend Hopkins bad
caded to take him to church, and was waitiug
in 11s meek fashion under the portico, not
cboos tie to Intrude upon the august interior of
tbe establishment. Having lately been ordained.
and conceiving bim-elf eullilsd to the iushrnia
of his profession, he had put on a white neck
cloth, wbich of course contrasted brilliautly
wun mi oiacK iace ana ciotuine. in toe door
way stood a citizen, a resectable and kludly
mau, excellently well reconstructed toj, and
with us tew of the Southern prejudices as one
couid have in Greenville. But he was lost iu
wonder at this novel spectacle; he had a smile
ot n lreled curiosity and amusement on his lace
to which I cauuot do justice; he seemed to be
admitting tbat here was indeed a new and most
comical era in human history. A nigger in
regular clerical raiment was evidently a phe-'
nomenon wcicn his imagination never could
hsve depicted, and wbich fact aloue so much
siTanger than fiction could have brought home
to bim as a possibility. Whether he believes at
this day that he actually did see Hopkins in a
black coat and white cravat is more than
Not for generations will the respectablo whites
ot the touth, any more than those of the North,
accept the negroes as their social equals. That
pride of race which has marled all distinguished
peoples which caused the Greeks to stjle even
the wealthy Persians and Egyptians barba
rians which made the Romans refuse for ages
the boon of citizenship to other Italians which
led the Semitic Jew to scorn the Harnittc Ca
naonite, aud leads the Arian to scorn the Jew
that sentiment which, more than anything else,
hhs treated nationality and patriotism has
among us retreated to the family, but it guards
ibis lust stronghold with jealous care. Whether
the applicant tor admission be the Chinaman ot
tali orn a or the Aincan ol Carolina, he will for
long be repulsed. The acceptauco of the nearo
as the social equal of the white lu our country
dates so far into the future that, practically
speaking, we may consider it as never to be,
and so cease concerning ourselves about it.
Barring the dregs of our population, as, for
instauce. the poor white trash of the South, the
question interests no one now alive.
Our Young Fo'ks is up to its usual standard of
excellence. Iu the present number Dr.
Hajes' "Story of Arctic Lite and Adventure''
Is concluded. "The White Wools of Ghent" is
an interesting 'account of Van Artevelde's
celebrated contest against the feudal lords- of
Flanders. HarrjFenn's design of "Harvesting,1!
which is given as the frontispiece, Is very good.
Ihe Riverside Magazine presents an attractive
table of contents. The third chapter of the story
of "A Year Among the Indians," by Martha M.
Thomas, will please the boys. The illustrations
by Mr. Bierstadt, however, are not particularly
fine. It Is announced, that Hans Christian
Andersen las been engaged as a regular con
tributor to this magazine. This will be good
news to grown people as well as the youngsters.
Arthur's Home Magazine has something to
suit every ore in the home circle, old and
young stories, poetry, fashion articles, etc.
5 Ihe Children's Hour contains pleasant
stories, news, etc., suited to the capacity of
young children. Tbe October number of this
magazine Is a very good one.
Sloan's Architectural, Review for August has a
number of valuable practical articles, such as
"Stained Glass," by John Gibson; "Fresco
T 1. 1 n t i ri . ItltB Cha.la. llp.nia., KPronrln.l
pen try and Joinery," by the Editor; "Ventilation
ana iteaiicg." Dy xewis L,eens. xue
work Is handsomely printed and illustrated, and
it ought in a great measure to supersede the
Uogiisn publications wuicn our architects and
builders have been obliged heretofore to rely
upon tor current intormation about mutters
concerning their profession.
Jftjr additional Marine New tee First Page,
ALMANAC JfOB FHILADKLPH I A THIS DAT.
Bun Kisau..,MMM.........s ia m.oon Hh;Ts..-,.....uiorn.
8'TN SKTH SStl HlWH W ATM ft S U
PHlUADH.Li'ilLA OAxU) OH" 1'KADH,.
John u. jakiw, t
Joai FH O. UbL'HII, VMoNTnLT OlMMlTTBU
John D. Ta ylub. J
MOVKJUENTS OF OCEAN gTHl.VMUltS.
Hlbernla. Glasgow New York.... ept. 11
HiiiHiia Liverpool. ..New York H uiu 15
1 nlnn Houlhamploti...New Y or ic. ........... Hept in
Helvetia. Liverpool. ..New York dept. IS
CI. ol A ntnerp.... Liverpool. ..New York Sept. IS
Nova Gentian... -Liverpool. ..Quebec -Sent. 17
WeMi'iiMl!a..Boiitliamptoii...New York Hpr. is
1 uro pa HkHKow...Nw York K-iuU 18
Atalauta - lx)iHlou...New York Hep:, HI
Vllle He fails.... Brent ..Now York..........K oi it)
( una......... Liverpool. ..New York I-Wot. 19
Kma.- laverpool...Nt)W York -Shpi. 19
Aleppo.. J.lverpool...New York.........Spt as
Col Paris. Llverpool...New York .Sept. 23
AuMi Ian LI vrpool...Qubeo ...H-ipt. 21
CofYVatihinKton.Liverpool...Nw York Shoi, 2d
Java Llverponl...New York . ,9epU ltd
Palmyra....... New York...Llvrpool .............. fi -pt. 21
Writer New York...liremeu...
City o Huston... New York... Liverpool inpl. 2H
Brltanula.M...New York...tllaKOW ....... HrtiH. 2
ly.uiiaua.....,.New York...Llverpool H ipt, 2U
(Jlnibila. New YorkHaml)urii. Htpb ?
Cblua.n.M. New Yoik.Llveriool Sept. SJ
COAoTWiBK, UOMKVrK). JTU.
Prometheus.....Phlia1a tiharleKion...,...HSRpt. SI
K'agle New York.,.llavana... .-hpI. 24
11. thkuncey ...New York... Aspln wall... .....Hpl. 21
Tona auua......Phllada...,..nvaiiiiah...........iept. 2S
tlarl)aa.,M New York...New Urlen....-lept. jt
Columbia..... .-New York...Naoaaa ..uot. S
Malls are lor warded by every "learner In the reuular
lines. 1 be aleameri for or from Liverpool oail at
Uneenitown, except the Canadlau line, wkion call ai
Louclumlerrv. Tbe steamers for 01 frout the Conti
nent call at MeutlMuaptou,
IfCMiil,Kuiil . Kllnl'U. f.nv. 'U v. Van H ro.
Kriii Mau.aa, llk Bolton. U Andunr,a A U .
Mobr Kru 1'hoa.Ka. Arnold, Pruvideuon, John Hn-
t l. Jr. - -
orr Peirl. Cnrtls Lrnn, do.
SohrM.K urahain Fuubfalfl, KoWbnrfport, do.
"ehr Jnib Hhaw, Hnw. Bonn, do.
felir W ni. t'apn. m-mer Marhlehead, do.
fchr B. O. Rawyer Hand. Portland, U Aademled A
HchrJ. V. Pratt. Ntckera in. Brniton. 00,
Srhr Merchant. Pnilnon. Alexandria. ' di
HetarJ. II Mamba'l. Kdmanda, B aton, do,
telit Hammi'Di, Inika. B mod, do.
H-hr K (1 Wlllard, Paroxn Portland, do.
HchrO, Yonng. Yonn, Itnton 'pta'n.
Bt'r Ann Kliim, Rtohanla. New York, w. P. Clyde A Do,
W'rW. W lilllilln. Riguana, Baltimore. A Uravw, Jr.
TngThos JcfT"ron, Allen. lor Baltimore, wun a tow
el bargea, W. P. Clyde A Co. , . .
ARRIVED YE-TttR OAT.
Korw. ahlp Venieoe, Venpera. 6 Ua) Irom Thomav
ton. In bailaat to Merchant A Do.
Barque Adelaide NorrK R-ed, tfm Liverpool Aug.
I, lib ranee. Io Peter Wrlgrit A Hon
Hour Mary. Hemsworih. (day (rum Norfolk, with
SblrRlee tn Patiemon A Llpplnoolt.
Hour Belle Conway. Hhorter. 12 days from Worlolk,
Vflib lumber and ahlngiva to Patterson A Llpplnoolt
Hcbr Thomas J, full. O inner, 20 day trim Hiidolk,
Va. with abtpRlta to Paiierann A Ltuulnnoit.
HohrWut lienril, Crnnell, 4 dajs from Brnton,
with mCne. to Crowed A Collins.
Huhr lieeora. Clark, from New York, In ballast to
WarreD A Urega-
Hchr Bee. Uearo. 4 days from Laurel, Del., with
lumber to Colling A Co.
cbrlwl Grant, Coleman, n days from James
river, with lumber to Moore. Wbeailey A O'ttliiKbant.
tcbr Oi- an Bird. Hauling. 8 taya I rum Petersburg,
Ve . with lumber to Collli.a A (" .
Bchr (leroft. Marshall, 1 day Irom Lewes, Det.,wlt'i
gruln IO Juri. L RewleyACn.
Krbr ltldl. RIcbiruBon, 2 days from St, Martin's,
M '., with grain to Jan. L. Hewley A Co.
HrhrTwo Bjo' bers. Tyler, from 1) ircne.ter.
Srbr Active. W rot en. from (treat Ksg Harbjr.
Hfhr K (4 Hawyer. Keen, Irom Boaum.
fcM'hrl! Looer. brulth from Boston.
Cteemer Blank I'lemond. Meredith, t4 nonrs from
New York, with mrtne. to W. M. Balrd A l.
Hteamer K. C. Blilclle. Mcllie, 24 hours irom New
York, with mde. to W. r. Clyde A Co. '
Hi earner W. U Walker, Pherln. Jt4 hours from New
York with mdie. to W. M. Balrd A tf.
Tug Thos. JefferKon, Allen, from Baltimore, With a
tow ol barges to W. P. Clyde A (Jo.
-r , . MEMORANDA'
Bb'p Ttland Home. Llawell. for Grtmiby and Phlla
de'pbia. cleared at London llth Inst.
Unique Josephine, Hilton, lor Philadelphia to load
for f .nrope clenred at Boatnn 21st Inat, --
Barque L, T. Smoker, Clifford, hence for Portland,
at Holmes' Hoie 2mh Inst.
Bstons Innla w wtnn kiiav. hence for San
Francisco, was spoken Sth ult. lal. 18 44 N , long. 2D &J
Baiqno Ahd-el-Rader, Kickerson, at Malaga 6th
Inst,, irom Marsell lee.
Unique Kchliler, Meuneman, hence fur Bremen, was
Oft Dover llth lust.
Barque Freeman Dennis, Fletcher, hence for Havre,
was mi tbe Holt Bib Inst. - . -
Barque Margretta. Irom Pisngna Peru, for Philadel
phia, waa scoken June 24. bo lal . etc. - ""
Brig A. jr. Larrabee, Carlisle, hence, at Bangor 20th
Brig Sportsman. Morton, for Philadelphia, sailed
Irom Malem 21st Inst. -mj
Brig Hemrich Moll. Bradherrlog, hence, at Stock
boim 4th Inst nuw wMf&n - " -
Brig H. H, McGllvery, Brewster, for Phlladelphl
Ailed from Portland. 22l InitL. -a
Brig Alex. 'Williams Babln. hence, at Glace Bay
7tn iiit.. ana c earea loin lor New York.
Bilg Marshall. Coombs, from Portland forPhlladel
DhlB. at Holmes' Hole with InnL
Brig J.J) Lincoln. Hammond, hence for Portland,
at Holmes' Hnln 2nih lr,t. -m
Brig Wenonah, Davis, from Bath forPhlladel phla
i Hoiroes' noie 2ntn Inst. - - i
Brig George Burnham, McLellan, hence for Port
land, at Holmes' Hole 2Ht Inst.
Brig Jii'la K. Avery, Babbldge, bence, at Bangor
Brig Mansanllla, Magune, for Philadelphia, sailed
frnm Calais 141 h Innt. fc-, - .'
Brig Princeton, Wells, for Philadelphia, sailed from
IB'aia join mau
ISiie Bsruuel Welsh. Hoecker. becce, atWllming
ten. N. C. iilst Inst . .-4
Brlv HtmiD I.attlmer. Knight, from St. Johns, P,
R. , at Baltimore 22d lust. ahe was reported bound to
hchrs Lncy. Jones, and Sarah C. Smith, Banks,
hence, at Washington, I, C 22d lust. -
Hcnr Skylark, Luring, hence, cleared at Gibraltar
61 b ins', for Genoa, au s nrmt a
Bohr Marcus Hnnter. Orr, tor Philadelphia, sailed
irom Portland 22a man. w
Srhr Addle. Drown. bence at Newbury port 22d Inst.
Schrs Jesse F. Clark, Clark, aud Mary Anna, Grler,
for Philadelphia, sailed Irom Newport lttib lost.
Scbr Annie Amsden. Bang, trom Ntwbnryport for
Phlladelrbla, at Newport 2lt tnst.
""ILLINCH AST A HILT '13
T.NBUKANCBJLC O.M PANT
JL ow jtij
No. 232 WALNUT STREET, PHILADA.
INCORPORATED 1794. CHARTER PJSRPXTPAL.
Marine, Inlnnd, sud tire Inaarance.3
ASSISTS JANUARY 1, 1868, - 12,001,206-72.
$20,000,000 losses Paid in Cash Einoe ita
Artbnr G. Goffln, cieorge L. Harrison. -.
1irani!l. R. I!nnn.
Koward H. Trotter,
Kdward 8. Clarke,
X. Charlton Henry,
Alfred I. Jessup,
John P. White,
Louis O. Madeira,
Samuel W. Juuea,
tfuun a, unwti,
t harlea '1 ay lor,
lobar d D Wood,
S. MorrlB Wain.
l,a.n X, n -
WWUU HVU ,
nm un twiiuN, preBiaent,
Chablmi Platt Secretary.
WILLIAM UUEBLKK, Harrlahurg, Pa-, Central
Ageul tor the State ol Peuns Ivauia. 1 25)
PRCVIDENT LIFiTaND TRUST CO.
OFFICE, No. Ill S. FOURTH STREET.
Organized 10 promote LIFE INSURANCE among
members oi the
Bocianr of friends,
Good risks of any class accepted.
Policies lasued upon approved plana, at the lowest
BAMCEL R. SHIPLEY.
Vice-President, William O. Lonostoetb.
A oi nary, ROWLAND PARR 7.
Tbe advantages o fit red by this Company are not
T 0 N D 0 N
IRE INSURANCE COMPANY,
Paid-op Capital and Accumulated Funds,
as,eo,eoo in gold,
K. M. ARCHIBALu, U. B. M. Consul, Chairman.
A A. LOW, of A. A. Low A Bios.
KB JAKrRAY.ofK B. JaOray A Co.
R tllAjlD lltVIN.of Rlcbard Irvlu ACo.
JjA ID HaLuMON No. 11 W. Thlriv-elhth St,
J BOOKM A N JOHNtON, of J. J. Johnson & Co.
JAMHb o'l U ART, of J, J. binary
Besldent Manager, No. 40 PIN K sttreet, N. V.
PRKVO-T & MKHKINO, AgeulS,
S 22 lm No. lu7 H. THIRD Htreet. Pollada.
"WATCHES, JEWELRY, ETC.
f DIAMOND DEALERS is JEWELERS.
WiTtUE8,iKWILBV SILVKB WAUK.
V-WAT0HE8 and JEWELET EEPAIEED.
Wonld Invite particular attention to their large and
elegant assorlmeut of
LADLES' AND GENTS' WATCHES
of Ame'lran and Foreign Makersof thejflntat aallty
in Gold and fellver Caaea.
A variety of Independent X Beoond, for horse
Ijulea' and QenU' CHAINS oi latest styles, la 14
and u kt.
BTTTON AND EYELET 8TUD3
In great variety newest patterns,
for Bridal presents; Plated-ware. tltA ' '
Repairing done in the best jauiaaer, and war.
ranted. t HP
a. w. bussell;
Ko. 22 KOETII SIXTH STItELT,
Ha Just received per steamer Tarlfa, a very large
assortment of FRENCH. MARBLE CLOCKS.
Procuring these goods direct trom the best manu
facturers, they are ottered at the LO rVlCJoT VOl
BLEPKICEH. tm .
No. 409 WALNUT St.
A8KNT3 AND ATTOBHEYS FOB .
Ilonie Fire Insurance Company,
NEW HAVETS, cosi,
SprlngBcld Fire and SLnrlno Ins. Co.,
Youkcrs and Ken York Insurance Con
Peoples' Fire Insurance Company,
Atlantic Fire and Marine Insurance Co,
PRO VXD KNCK, H. I,
Guardian Fire Insurance Ctimpany,
Lumberman's Fire Insurance Co.,
Insnranoe effected at LO WEST RATK8.
AU losses pretiiptly and liberally adjaated at thelf
Office, No. 40U WALMJT Street,
DELAWAKE 11 LT UAL SAFETV IN9UK
Ast'K COMPANY . Incorporated Br theLi.
ture of Pennsylvania, 1886. itii
Olllce, Boutbeast corner THIRD and witvnr
On Vessels, Cargo, sud Freight, to all parts ot the
au paria oi in. JJjfB URANQBa
On merchandise generally.
Ou Stores, Dwelling Houses , etc.
AftNETS OF THK (OnPAlr
Vy.n.m ..... I Kit
vtvuiwvi a, acuta
SZOO.COO TTblted btatea five Per Cent.
' Loan, lo-tos
lM.OOO tnited btatea live Per Cent. .
tO.000 TJn Ited States 7 8-10 Per Uenu Loan
toc.000 Btate or Pennaylyanla Hlx Per
125,000 City of Philadt Iphlablx Per Cent,
Loan (exenipi from tax)
SS 000 81 ale Of New JersevHlx Per Cent.
SOono PennarlTanla Railroad Flnit
Mortgage bix Per Cent, Boudx.
g5,00.Peunsyivaula Railroad, Be oud
Mortgage Mx Percent. Honda.
B,000 'Westera Pennsylvania Railroad
Blx Percent. Houds (Pr-tiOByl-vanla
80,000 Btate ot Tenntssee fRve Per
Cent, Loaua... ........M. ,
7000 Btate of TenneuM biz Per Cent,
6,600,800 shares stock of Uermantown
Oaa Company (principal aud
' Intereet guaranteed Dy tne
. .aa .."'J of Pnlladelpbla)....
100 15o blmree Htock or Penusylva-
nla Railroad Company.
(,000 100 Bharoa Block of North Penn
, .Mlvanla Railroad Compauv.
20,000 80 Hharea Stock Philadelphia
and southern Mall (steamship
X01,800 Loans on Bonds and Mortgage,
first liens on CHy Property......
rv-. .,Mj:k?.T,lJa' .U2.8l-W
BeatritHle....T ; .".
Bills Rece.vahie tor insurauue
BaUncea due at Ageauiea Pr.
uu juarine roitciea
Accrued interest aud other
aebta due tbe Company 48,834 'M
Btock and pcrlp of sundry Insa-
- aim uiuur ucimiianiMa
tl l a LAa "SaVa.
" " .ie 29362
Thomas O. Hand, DIEECJS?S a Hand.
Kdmund A. Bonder.
Joseph H. Beal, '
1 iieopnilua Paulding,
John R. Penrose,
H. Jones Brooke,
George O. Lelper
Jacob P. Joues,
James R. McK'arland.
Joshua P. k
John D. 1'ay lor,'
Duvuuer ate. JvalPe,
llenrv (1. Haiiai. t
Ueorae W. Rernardoa,
? JvMo'lfui PHwburg,
J, B. Bemple,
ii iuET, r. S""i i-resiaeni,
HENRY LYlBJuS! Ve-Presldeut. ,
HKNRy BALL.Aaslstant Becretary. U80
William a. Rouiton,
Franklin Fire Insurance Co
Kos. 435 and 437 CUESSUT STREET.
ABMETS OH JAHUABT 1. ISM,
A CCS VED B VRPL VM .,
TJNBTTLED CLAIMS. INCOME FOB 18SS
a,6Q3ai8 saoti ,ooo-0o,
-LOHkES PAID SINCE 1880 OVB
Perpetual and Tempoiary Policies on Liberal Term.
Charles N. Bancker,
luoiaa n iiutr,
tieorge W. Rlchardd
Aaaawa in oa,
Francis W. Lewis, M. D..
I homaa B par as, ' "
WUllaui B. Uraut
CHARL El N. BANIlitrn f
GaOltoM FALJ5.B, Vlo-Pra,iouU
JAB, W. McAn-lsl'iiK, Beoieiary iro lew.
ixcepl at Lexington, Kentucky, this Company haa
PU Ageuciea Weal ol Piiisontg. 12
IN CORPORA TD 1S04-CHART1;R PKRPKTrjA t.
No. '1A W ALN UT Birett, opposite the JtatohsngaT
This Company waurea troin loss or damage by
on liberal terms on buildings, merchandise, rhrnftnre
etc.. for limited periods, aud permaueutly on build.
lugs by deposit of premiums.
The Company has been in active operation for mora
than SIXTY y E RM, during which all losses have)
been promptly adjutiu-d and paid,
John L. Hodge,
jn. a iuanony,
John T. Lewis,
William H. Urant,
Robert W. Learning,
It, uiara vvuaiv'u,
Lawrence Lewis. Jr.
Lav at Lewis,
Thomas H, Powers,
A. R. MoHeory,
Lewis u. Norru.
JOHN R. WntlRERKU. PrMldent.
BaarDKlWnxiox. Hwwisrv, taal
KNNBYLVANIA FIR hi INbURANCK COM
PAN Y Incorporated 18Zfr-Charter Perpetual No
Bin WALNUT Bireet, opposite Independence Bquaro
luis lunipsoy, iavirau'y Known to tuiouiuuiuunr
for over forty years, omlunes to Insure agalust loaa
or damage by Ore on Publln or Private Bulldlaga,
ruber permanently or for a limited lime. Also ou
rally, ou liberal terms, , ,
Their Capital, together wHh a large Bnrplns Fnnd;
Is Invented In ihe tunt ctrelui mauner, which enables)
them to offer to the tuaurea an undoubted seourlty la
Daniel Bmltn, jr.,
uioi ii stuuiii k, jr.
LA NlhL oMlTU. jB.,Preal.'ent.
WM, 0. CBOWi-LL, becreiary.
J. Olulnghaw Felt,
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