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The evening telegraph. [volume] (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1864-1918, September 25, 1868, FIFTH EDITION, Image 1

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VOL. X-No. 74.
PHILADELPHIA, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 18G8.
DOUBLE SHEET THREE CENTS.
FIRST EDITION
TEE NATIONAL DEBT.
W hat II.HS H(rn Pone.amd How to COU4.
plel the Work.
Mr. Edward Atkinson has written another
Instructive letter to the New York Evening Post,
showing that of the $4,000,000,030 which tb0
war cost, we have already paid $115,000,000
and that we have every reason to take courage
from what we have done, apd go on to .ho
speedy payment ef the last dollar of our nati oual
Jtbt. Mr. Atllcnson shjs:
In 1R67 the total d3bt of the United States was
about $29,000,000. This debt sieadily Increased
during the administration of James Bu.chanan,
while that honorable Democrat, Ilowcjll Cobb,
since traitor, and now again a shining light In
the Democratic patty, was Secretary of the
Treasury. In 1860 the debt amounted to n little
more than $00,000,010, The proceeds of the
loans raised Were applied by those dstinguished
Democrats, Floyd, Toueey, and Thompson, to
the arming and equipping of the Southern States
to prepare them for rebellion. Tnis sum
Is therefore part and parcel of the debt which
the Democratic perty have entailed upon the
country, and is a part of the cost of the war.
The war hegan In April, 1801. Darin the nest
quarter the whole reveuue, o'.'ier than from
loans, was lots than $0,000,000. which sun
is included In the following table. The total
revenue of the United States from April I,
1961, to June 80, 18G8. being seven und quarter
year of active war or of quasi pence, has been
as follows?
Trom internal revenue .$1,121,100,483
From customs. 830,8'J4,4iH
From land sales - o.ii.i.'i.i
From dlrtot taxes 12,831,013
Miscellaneous, being premium on
ales of gold, sales of captured or
abandoned property, and sales of
am plus material of war. 211,407,072
Total, In gold and currency 32.213,8111,488
On tbe 301b. of June, 1868,
we owed .f 2,511,000,000
Deduct bonds advanced
to the Paclllo Railroad.. 26,000,0:0
2,485,000,000
'Total expenditure made necessary In
7J4 years In consequence of tbe He
b-llloa of Southern Democrats $4,098,319.; 88
I have given the total expenditures, but before
declaring the actual cost of the war It will be
proper to deduct such sum as would have been
ample for all our expenses had there been no war.
If we take as our basis the extravagant expenses
of tbe last Democratic administration of James
Buchanan, when all the preparations for rebel
lion were beiue made at our cost, we shall find
that an allowance ot about $700,000,000 will be
ample to cover all probable peace expenses, had
there been only peace expenditures to be made
tinder the honest administration of Abraham
Lincoln daring tne last seven years. The result
will stand:
Total expenditure 7i years $1,098,340,480
Allowed for pea-a expenditure, Bay.. 098,319,486
Actual cost of the war - $4,000,000,000
Hot as we owed on tbe 30ih Juue,
lfc68. only 2,485,000,000
It follows tbat we bave actually
raised by taxation, and paid
towards the cost of tne war, tbe
Burn of...- $1,515,000,000
besides paying all our peace expenses. This
payment has been made in seven and a quarter
years, and amounts to tbree-eigbtbs the entire
cost of the war. Tbe taxes from which the pay
ments have been made have been levied almost
exclusively upon the loyal States, and during
four of the seven and a quarter sears the most
effective portion of their population was with
drawn from productive Industry and engaged
Jn the destructive occupation of war. At the
same time the disloyal States were expending
their whole iorco in resistance under the lead of
Wade Hampton, Forrest, Toombs, Cobb, and
Stephens, who are now, as leaders of the
Democratic party, attempting to inaugurate
another revolution. And in order to cripple the
Uovernnieut, and preveat the loyal States lrom
obtaining the means to put them down, they
have forced the financial issue luto the conflict,
and are endcavoriug to destroy tbe credit of tne
country. For this purpose they propose what
they call tbe payment of our bouds in other
bonds bearing no Interest, availing themselves
of what they allege to be tbe letter of the law.
When the dire necessity of war, and the refusal
of Horatio Seymour and other rich Democrats
to sub cribe for our bonds, made it necessary tor
the Republican Cougress to collect a forced
loan, wbich they did by the Issue of the legal
tender notes, Pendleton and his disloyal
aspoc atcs opposed the act because they
knew it would enable tbe Government
to conduct the war to a successful
istne. Now they avail themsolvas of that
same act to destroy the power which was main
tained by Southern Rebels, with the connivance
of Horatio Seymour, who is too weak and timid
to take tbe lead, but submits himself to be the
puppet in the hands of bolder men.
Of the sum of $2,213,000,000 raised by taxa
tion since the war begun, the larger poitlou has
bi en paid since the war ended. In three and a
quarter years, from April 1. 1866, to June 30,
1808, we raised $1,640 068,683. But as this bur
den of taxation ot nearly $500,000,000 a year
has proved too great for our present condition,
the taxes have been reduced to but little more
than $300,000,000 a year; and such has been tbe
reduction in our expenses tbat this sum is ample
to meet all our expenses and interest and a
moderate annual payment of the principal.
I ask, should we not take courase and speellly
complete the payment of our debt, which we
have so gloriously begun ? If in time of war
euch has been our record, shall we falter now
and sink disgraced and dishonored Into fraud
and bankruptcy ?
Has this enormous contribution been at the
cost of our prosperity T Far lrom it. I will
again cite the evidence of Davd A. Wells, as I
aid in my former speech:
'Since tbe termination of tbe war more Iron for.
aces bave been eiected, mure nig Iron smelted, mors
bsrs rolled iiJOi steel mane, more col niiofd, more
lumber sawed aud hewed more vena-Is built upou
oar Inland water, more house cooitruoted, more
manufactories of different kinds started, more cotton
iiaaind woven, more petroleum collected refljed,
and expert ed, than In anv equal period of tue history
of the country, either before or during tbe war."(
Shall we falter now, when wc have the whole
production of the late Rebel States to contribute
to our revenue?
COLORADO.
Ibe Return Complete A Ueimblican
Majority of 79.
The Bocky Mountain News of the 18th Inst.,
says: Mow that we have official returns from
Huerfano and Las Animas counties, and know
the worst they can do, we do affirm finally that
Judte Bradford, Republican, is elected delegate
)y about 100 majority."
The following are the majorities In every
county in tbe Territory, complete:
Bradford, Republican, . . ' , 636
Uelden, Democrat, , , 677
Rrpnblicsn net majority, . 79
The Bocky Mountain News further says:
John D. Miller, Clerk of Pueblo county, writes
as that Precinct No. 7 of that county, when
about one-third of the vote had been polled,
was attacked by Indians, tbree men killed, aud
f course the election broken up. At the time
tbe vote stood 38 for Bradford and 2 for Belden.
Hut for this, says Mr. Miller, we would have
had 0 or 70 more majority for Bradford in this
ounty. Miller's trustworthiness is unimpeach
able. The above is slginltttant of the disturb
ing influence of the Indian troubles on the
lection. They acted lrom Fort Lyon, via the
Fountain and Bijou, round to Latham and
Laporte, proagblj keeping 600 voters from the
SPEAKER QOLFAX.
HI Reception by the tTnlon Lengne of
Kw York.
The New York Tiubnne of this morning speaks
of Speaker Col:ax'i reception last night as
follows:
A business meeting of the members of the
Union Leaeue was held at their club house last
evening. Mr. John Jay presided. The meeting
was quite largely attended. Shortly after it
was organized tbe Hon. Schuyler Colfax entered
the room, and was received with loud and long
continued cheering. After a few words of Intro
duction from Mt. Jay, Mr. Colfax tbauked tbe
company, and alluded briefly to the condition
of the canvass in a few conversational sen
tences, thus concluding:! have spoken of the
importance of this contest, and tbe measureless
value of victory to the Republican parly as the
party of lojalty and peace the party tbat
eeciuf, under the providence of God, to be In
trusted with the salvation of the Ameri
can Union. When that victory Is gained
I ieel sure tbat traitors will cea3e to
raise their voices in behalf of the
"Lost Cause." (Applause.) Victory will rebuke
them, and they will appeal to the very moun
tains to save them from the popular wrath.
We have but one motto In this contest, but one
watchword upon our banner and it is that
"Loyalty shall govern what loyalty preserved.''
(Applause.) Remember, my friends, as illus
trating tbe spirit of the Rebellion, the invective
that was poured upon the head of tbe lamented
Lincoln immediately after the close of the war.
Yet, notwithstanding, when tbe battle was
over, the loyal spirit that won tbe battle,
strong at the ballot with the strength of war.
wrote "Liberty" upon its banners, aud, inspired
with the same patriotism and devotion, went on
in its conauests from victory to victory.
overwhelming opposition, and gaining new
honor and new glory. Where ''Liberty" was
inscribed we have now written the nobler motto,
"Loyalty aud justice to all who maintained the
Union." We who wage this contest desire no
pioscriptiou, no persecution, not one word of
wrath, not one act of vengeance. We merely
want this Union to be ruled by the men who
have Known devotion to the Union. We waut
no war, we want no blood, we waut no poverty,
we want no desolation, we want no drafts; we
want peace (great applause), and only peace;
peace in the North and In the South, peace in
the East aud in the West, peace in the White
House, and no more endless sessions of Congress
in expectation of Presidential volence (ap
plause); peace between Congress and the Ex
ecutive, peace all over tbe land, to all
tbe dwellers in the land, between the At
lantic and the Pacific, With peace ex
tending its glorious vista, bringing with it
stability, aud' with stability prosperity, and with
prosperity progress, and with progress peace.
(Applause.) Uentlemen, I say to you, aud I
feel that I am invading no coutidence in doing
so, that I have it from the Hps ot our chief, that,
wnen elected President for I feel that it nas
been decreed that Jje will bePresident(applause),
no matter whnt his Administration may pro
duceabove all things ele, we shall have
the strong arm of the Executive, representing
the will and majesty of a mighty people, declar
ing and insui.ng to every citizen, black or
white, rich or poor, be he humble or exalted,
tbe safeguard of the nation, and protecting him
from every wrong with the shield of our na
tional stiengtb. (Great applause.) He will use
American power for the protection of the Ameri
can people; to protect the American citizen iu the
savannahs of the South as well as the prairies
fit the West, whether he stands by the Atlantic
that surges along the Eastern coasts, or by the
Atlantic that surrounds the foreign countries of
Europe, so that he may reel, as to American
ettizenxhip, like Paul felt even amid his ene
mies, that none may lay finger upon him, for he
was a Roman citizen. (Great applause.) Then
. o ahall h a v o na mora wm, no mora dluhooov,
no moie differences between the Administration
and the Represpntatlves of the country. L -ry
dweller in the land wilt be protected under his
own vine and his own tig-tree, with no traitor
or enemy to molest or make him afraid the
national honor will be delcnded, the national
laith observed, tbe laws ot the land will be
obeyed, and from the? . swiftly-coming days of
peace, our posterity, blessed by our labors, and
rich with all that we have sacrificed, will realize
tbe most niasnldcent future tbat ever opened to
a people, and a destiny eclipsing in its gran
deur, its happiness, its public prosperity, aud
private virtues all that we find written in the
records of the past. (Great applause.)
Mr. Colfax was followed by the Hon. John A,
Griswold, our candidate for Governor; the Hou.
F. B. Washburue. of Illinois; Mr. Claflin, or
Massachusetts; aud Mr. Starkweather, of Ver
mont, alter which the Club proceedfd to private
business and adjourned.
GRANT.
The IJciicrul oh tbe True Fotiutlallou of
Uuvermneiit.
The lollowing letter was written by Gcueral
Grant live years ago, in response to an Invita
tion from tbe Memphis Chamber of Commerce
to a com plirueutary dinner at tho close ot his
great Tennessee campaign:
i Memphis, Tenn., Aug. 26, 1863. Gentle
men: I have received a copy of reiolutlons
passed by the "loyal citizeus of Memphis, at a
meeting held at tbe rooms of the Chamber of
Commerce, August 25, 1803," teudering me a
public reception. In accepting this testimonial,
wbich I do at a great sacrifice of my personal
feeling., I simply desire to pay a tribute to the
first public exhibition in Memphis of loyalty to
the Government which I represent In the De
partment ot the Tennessee. I should dislike to
refuse, for considerations of personal conveni
ence, to acknowledge, anywhere or iu any
form, the existence ot sentiments which
I have so loug and so ardently desired to
see mnnllcsted in this Department. The sta
bility of this Government aud the unity of thlB
nation depend solely on the cordial support and
tbe earnest loyalty of the people. While, there
fore, I thnnk you sincerely for the kind expres
sions you have use towards myself, I am pro
foundly gratified at this public recognition in
tbe city of Memphis of the power aud authority
of tbe Government of the United States. I
thank you, too, in the name ot tbe noble army
which I bave tbe honor to command. It
is composed of men whose loyalty has been
proved by their deeds of heroism and their
willing sacrifices of life and health. Tbeywlll
rejoice with me that the miserable adherents of
the Rebellion, whom tbelr bayonets bave driven
from this fair land, are being replaced by men
who acknowledge human liberty as the only
true foundation of human government. Miy
jour efforts to restore your city to the cause of
The Uuion be as successful as have been theirs
to reclaim it from the despotic rule of the
leaders of tbe Rebellion. I have the honor to
be, gentlemen, your obedient servant,
U. 8. Gbakt, Major-General.
Charles James, a son of G. P. R. James, the
Vell-kuowu English novelist, addressed a Grant
and Colfax Club, at Eau Claire, Wis., on Friday
evenlog of last week. The Kau Claire Free
Frees says that until recently Mr. James has
been an ultra Democrat, but since the nomina
tion or Seymour and Blair he has become
satisfied that their success would tend to renew
strife and lead to another civil war. All
through his speech he commerded the close
attention of bis audience, and fr.Kiout applause
told with what success his logical zoning was
received by appreciative listeners.
A Georgia letter to the Syracuse (N. Y.)
Journal closes as follows: "You of the North
muBt elect Grant and CoKax. We demand it of
you. The sealine up of the fruits of the war Is
In yonr hands. The aid of this work as antici
pated from the South will be abortive. We hava
not the ability to pass a militia bill, and the
lives of Union men are everywhere threatened.
But a partial canvass at the best can be made
by the party, and no reliance be placed of ultl
inatt safety and fair voting at the polls."
Bi-Govercor Bradford, of MarylanJ, Is a
warm supporter of Grant aud Colfax,
REMARKABLE WO UND 8.
Cnrlona Crises of Recovery,
A correspondent of tho Milwaukee BenlnH
elves an account of remarkable cases of recovery
from gunshot and other wounds:
"Several years ago, In Milwaukee, a drunken
man disturbed a German military funeral pro
cession one Sunday afternoon. A policeman
who was In the procession- handed his rifle to a
comrade, and stepped up the man and sought to
Ertciiy him. The policeman had hardly resumed
Is place In the ranks when the ruffian again
became violent: futther remonstrance availed
nothing, and the man was arrested and placed
in the custody ot a constable, to be taken to the
station bouse in a hack. After crossing Spring
street bridge the prisoner broke away from the
constable, knocking the latter down, and was
escaping, when the news was taken to the sta
tion tbat 'a man baa kiiieu a policeman ana was
flying.'
"Several officers started In pursuit. The flying
man had seized an axe, and, brandishing it,
threatened death to any one that attempted to
take him. After one or two attempts to effect
his rapture be got away, and was running when
he was shot. It was found the bullet had struck
low down the back, and had passed through tbe
man. and, on further examination, it was found
just imbedded under the skin, almost directly
opposite the point of entrance; the bullet was
so near the surface that a slight Incision with a
lancet was made and the ball fell on the floor.
A few days afterwards the man was discharged
from the Hospital as well apparently as ever.
Several years afterwards the ui iu seated to the
writer that he felt no inconvenience from the
wound.
ft "A very few days after tho occurrence a Ger
man attempted suicide by shooting himself in
tne forehead, just above the nose, with a hore
pistol. The ball appeared to have glanced aud
passed completely round the skull, as was seen
by tbe mark underthe tkln, and came out wit hin
one and three-quarters of an inch of the hole
where it went in. The German, though badly
disfigured by the two wounds made by the
bullet, and the marks of powder on his face,
completely recovered, and was living ten years
alter the occurrence.
"Still another remarkable recovery from a
wound Is worthy ot note. A German laborer
was waylaid on the track of the Mississippi Rail
road, and most brutally beaten. Besides other
seveie injuries, the man's skull was crushed in
on the top of his head. So badly was the skull
broken that several pieces were taken out by
tbe physician that attended him. The persons
who committed the deed were arrested on a
charge of assault with intent to kill, and held to
await the recovery, or, what was considered by
far the most probable, the death of tbe assaulted
man. Within a month after the occurrence tbe
complainant came into the Police Court aud
gave his evidence, evidently 'retaining all his
souses, and with all his faculties about him.'
But what was the most singular? was the fact
that tbe large hole in the man's head permitted
the oction of the braiu to bo clearly seen as it
rose and fell with the pulsations, and by the
applying of the ear to the hole a sound, was
distiuctly heard like tbe puffing of a steam
eneine. The man got well, and he too was alive
lor years alterwards."
LUNACY.
A Sailor Driven Bind by a MesmcrlMt.
The Newcastle (England) Journal "tells this
story: "An extraordinary incident occurred on
Thursday night last, showing the danger of ex
perimenting with mesmerism. On tbat evening
a young sailor, who, with some shipmates, was
lodging at the Ferry Hotel, Sunderland, was
standing at the bar, when amannamedMcKenzio
commenced some mesmeric passes, and the
young nrhn being extremely susceptible, he was
soon in a state ot coma. In this state he was
cum pieuiy at ino win of xne operator, aud was
unable to move except by McKeuzie's permis
sion. Whether jucivenzie was unaoie to restore
the man to consciousness or not, we cannot say.
His statement is that he took him to the open
air, aud he revived: but it appears McKenzie
left the house, while his 'subject' remained In a
half-unconscious state for some time, and ulti
mately became very ill. His comrades had to
sit up with him until 3 o'clock in the morning,
when he fell anleep. When roused at breakfast
time he appeared to be still laboring under the
effects ot the mysterious passes, became exceed
ingly excited, and talked with all the Incohe
rence ot a person insane.
"As the day wore on he became wow e, and so
dangerous that bis comrades determined to
take him to Mr. Morgan's, in Monkwcarmouth,
for his advice. n their attempting to enter
the ferry landing tho young sailor rushed into
the water, and wanted to walk across the river.
Ultimately they reached Air. Morgan's house,
to find that gentleman absent In Scotland. On
returning back the mesmerist's victim became
more and more excitable, until at last be
made his escape, and after performing a num
ber of most extravagant actions, climbed up a
spout like a cat on to tbe roof of a two-storied
house, and walked along the ridge, while his
shipmates stood below expecting every niomeut
he would be dashed to pieces. It is stated that
on the previous evening, while working on
with him, McKenzie said he would have to go
on tbe top of a bouse, and tbe Influence still
remaining on the young man's mind, he had
obeyed the impulse. At last he was coaxed
down, but was in so dangerous a condition that
he was removed to the workhouse with all the
appearance of Insanity about him.
"Later on the evening the police got hold of
McKenzie, who, in the presence of Mr. Stainsby,
denied that he knew anything of mesmerism,
but after that gentleman had severely pressed
him he admitted he knew the mode of bringing
the man out. and be was sent to the workhouse
to try tlie effect of his curative powers ou his'
'patientT' When be got there, however, he
found tbat the doctor had given him a sleeping
draught, and he was not permitted to do anything-with
him."
MAINE.
Tlie Official Vote Nenrly Complete ov
truer Cbaiuberlalu'a Majority 20,401.
from the Augusta (Me.) Journal, Sept, 23.
The following comparative statement of the
vote by counties comprises all the cities, towns,
and plantations in the State from which official
returns have been received. One town and
twenty-seven plantations are yet to be heard
from. Ot the 151 representatives to the Legisla
ture, the Republicans have elected 119, and the
Democrats 30. No returns have been received
lrom one representative district, and in one dis
trict there was a tie vote, and a new election
will be held. Last year the number of Repub
lican representatives was 105 to 40 Democrats.
Of the 31 Senators tbe Republicans have elected
20, making agaiu from last year.
COMPARAT1YK STATEMENT BY C0UNTIF.9.
Androscoggin..,
Aroostook
Cumberland
Franklin
Hancock: ,
Kennebeo
Knox
Linooln
Oxford
Penobscot
Piscataquis
Hagadaboo .'.
Bona ei' set
Waldo
Washington
York
C7iat
ber lain.
.)
...... MU
1:113
....... 7009
2272
2503
6K10
24)14
2279
8H32
8H73
1100
1H74
8701
8427
29:18
0303
P IU-
bury.
IVfin.i
1UJ9
!I0
6724
ltKl7
lOKtt ,
4012
277W
2274
20117
4185
1004
1180
8'iOD
2027
27U8
0180
Cham
berlain. W'P)
4WJ
2334
0014
2408
8A.1
7781
81122
2737
4513
0185
1!M0
2018
4813
4570
4109
7108
bury,
tllem.)
2717
1057
7809
1800
2084
4503
8102
25NI
36fl8
6013
vm
1U78
3369
8187
8511
0717
SECOND EDITION
LATEST BY TELEGRAPH.
Tho Maryland Republican Congres
sional Nominations-Preparations
for the Execution
of a Murderer.
Affairs in Europo-Tho New
Franco -American Tele
graph Line.
Financial and Commorolal
Ele.t Etc., Etc, Etc., Ete., Etc.
Totals 57.102 45,220 75 835 6-5,431
Republican majority .20,404
Dr. Townsend P. Abell, editor of Our Coun
try, tbe Democratic paper in Middletown, Conn.,
and tbe organ of tbe party in Middlesex county,
abundous his old party, au will lustaln Urant
and Colfai,
FROM FRANCE.
The Ken Franco-American Telegrrrtph
Line The Concession to tbe ComniMiy
Complete.
By Atlantio OubU.
Paris, Sept. 25. The Moniteur of this city
announces officially this morning that the Gov
ernment concessions lately granted in favor of
MM. Erlanger and Reuter, of the Franco
American Tclcgraph.Company, authorizing them
to lay a submarine telegraph cable between
Franco and Amerlco, under certain reserved
conditions, has become definitive and complete,'
capital to the amount of 27,S00,000f. the main
condition having been subscribed for the
undertaking. The concession for this great
work bears date July 6, 18G8, and confers the
privilege of laying and working submarine tele
graphs between France and the United States.
The cable will, as at present proposed, be laid
in two sections; the first from Brest to the
French island of St. Pierre, off Newfoundland;
the second from St. Pierre either to New York
direct or to a point between Boston aud New
York, with a special line to Naw York. The
length of the cable is as follows: First section,
from Brett to St. Pierre, 2325 miles; second sec
tion, from St. Pierre to the United States, about
722 miles. Total, 3017 miles. A contract ha8
been entered into with the Telegraph Construc
tion and Maintenance Company to manufacture
and lay this cable for the sum of 920,000.
The financial calculations and scientific ex
periments of the new company set forth the fol
lowing results: The power of transmission of
the cable is estimate.! at a minimum of twelve
words per minute, which, allowing fourteen
hours a day for waste time and only ten hours a
day for actual work, and taking three hundred
working days in the year, gives, at the rate of
2 per message, an annual income of 432,000.
The working expenses of the line are calculated
at 30,000 per annum.
. In connection with this enterprise it is inte
resting to state that the French despatch boat
Travatlleur, from Roche ort, has been ordered to
tbe Mediterranean to assist in laying down the
submarine cable to connect the telegraphic lines
of Algeria with the coasts of France.
FROM BALTIMORE.
Tlie Republican Congressional Candi
dates Itouert Lincoln and ltlu Bride eu
route for the North, -Special
Despatch to The Evening Telegraph.
Baltimore, Sept. 25. The complete Republi
can nominations for Congress In Maryland,
made yesterday, are:
First District H. R. TorblU
Second John T. Ensor.
Third Adam E. King.
Fourth Daniel Weisel.
Fifth-William Talbert.
They are all first-rate men. The Republican
party Is now working actively, and confidently
expects to poll a very large vote. The Demo
crats are becoming more disaffected dally.
Robert Lincoln and his bride are en route
North.
William F. Cary, a well-known citizen, and
one of the Managers of the Maryland Sunday
School Union, Is dead.
Barney Bannon was killed last night. A man
named James Miskelly was arrested as the sus
pected murderer.
A Murderer to be Executed,
Despatch to the Associated Press.
Baltimore, Sept. 25. The execution of Wil.
liam F.,Foster, colored, .convicted of the murder
of Emetine Parks, also colored, in September
lost, has been fixed for Friday, the itU of Do'
cember next. The death warrant was read to
the prisoner yesterday by tho Sheriff, when he
exhibited tbe most intense emotion.
Yesterday, in an altercation, Barney Hanncn,
formerly proprietor of the public house ;No. 29
Centre Market space, was kicked in the abdo
men, from which he died In the evening.
The Odd Fellowa.
It is understood that James L. Ridgely, o'
Baltimore, Grand Corresponding and Recording
Secretary of the I. O. O. F., has been selected
by the committee to deliver the address at the
Grand National semi-centennial celebration of
tbe order in Philadelphia, April 20, next. lie
has accepted.
FROM ATLANTIC CITY.
A Yacht Hlown Aaboreand Man Drowned
Atlantic City, Sept. 25.On Monday after
noon a yacht, named Lounge Junior, came
ashore on Brigantlne. On Wednesday afternoon
the body of a man 5 feet 6 Inches high, dressed
in white pants and blue blouse, came ashore at
the same place. An envelope was found In one
of his pockets, addressed J. G. Howard, Wire
town, New Jersey. Coroner L. K. Reed, of At
lantic City, held an inquest on the body, and
rendered a veidict of found drowned.
Markets by Telegraph.
Naw York, Bept. 25. stocks steady. Chicago and
Bock Island, H2; Reading, V6!4 OkDtou. 47:
Krle, 46 M Cleveland and Toledo, 101S: Cleveland and
Plimbarg, 87S; Pittsburg- and ton Wayne,
Michigan Central, lis'-; Mlcblgen Htmtliern, S4
New York Central, 127: Illinois Central, 14:1 7,'; Cum
berland preferred, ti; Virginia to, UK: Missouri
& Hudson Klver, 140; itm. 114: do. lwtl
leu1; do. IBM, lio'V; do. new. luK; lo-40a. 1W4.S,. Gold,
141, 'i. Money Bncbanged. Exchange, H't.
An Englishman hi8 paid: 400 florlflB tor
BchiUer'B tall.
THE EUROPEAN MARKETS.
Thla Mornlnar'a Quotations,
By Atlantic Cable.
London, Sent 25 A. M. Consols. 941 for
money and account. American securities qmet
and steady; Krle Railroad, 334: Great Western,
38; United States Five-twenties, 73): Illinois
Central, 92$.
Paris, Kept. 25 A. IT. Tho Course is firm.
Rentes, GBf. 02c.
Liverpool, Bept. 25 A. M. Cotton steady;
the sales are estimated at 10,000 bales. Sales of
the week, 67,000 bales; for export, 14,000; for
speculation, C000 bales. Stock, 422,000 bales, Of
which 126,000 are American.
Breadstnffs quiet. No. 2 red Western wheat,
lis. 2d. Provisions unchanged.
London, Sept. 25 A. M. Sugar on the spot,
firm; to arrive, buoyant. Sperm Oil, 8!)s.
Paws, Sept. 25. Tbe decrease of bullion In
the Bank of France is 150,000 franc.
Lonoon. Sept. 25. Koo-chow dates report
tea declining. The exports of new crop were
ninety million pounds.
Thla Afternoon's notations.
London, Bept. 25 P. M. Consols, 94 for
money and account. United States Five
twenties, 731. . Erie Railroad, 33. Atlantio and
Great Western, 39. Illinois Central, 93.
Liverpool, Sept. 25-P. M. Cotton steady.
Stock afloat, 646,000 bales, of which 3000 arc
American. Lard quiet and steady. Pork firm.
Bacon, 56s. 6d. Spirits ot Petroleum, Is. 43.
IIuvrk. Sept. 25. Cottou, 123f. per cent.
Tree Ordinaire.
Antwerp, Sept. 25 P. M. Petroleum qule at
6W-
New York Stock lnotatlon, t P. f.
Received by telegraph from Uiendlnning A
Davis, Btock Broker. No. 48 8. Third st reet:
Pltt8.F.W:nfl OnLlOU
Toledo A Wabash.. 57
Adams Express 5l'i
Wells. Fargo M 2!)i
N. Y. Cent. R. 127-1
N. Y. and Erie R... 6nVjj
Ph. and Rea. K. ....... 0
miuu. a. bdu x.x. x. o--xi vt tuiH, r srKu
Die. anil Pitt. R. ...... 87i U.S. Express Co..... 60
Cbl. AN.W.R.oom. 87 iTennesaees 'new.... tts 'i
Chf.AN.W. K. prt. 87 Gold .......112' i
Chi, and R. I. R......mW Market firm. "
MAZZINI.
Ills Views on the Eastern Question. Q
Mazzlni has addressed the Polish nation the
following letter on the Eastern question:
Brothkhb: Having observed that, la the crisis
which Is prepsrlng la ih Kt, many Poles are set
ting out on a false path, allow me, tu rough youl
means to address a few words toyour compatriots.
Poles, In order not to be deceived, you bave but to
consult tbe blood wnicU 11js In your veins, your
national traditions, aud the mission 10 which Clod
summons you, and which can alone now give a uame
and victory to the Polish nation.
During two cen'urit-s aud a half you have fought
atalnst tbe crescent. For tw iceivunes and a hair
lrom Ladlslaus VI to Augustus 11 you h we bean the
shield of Kurope acalnat Ittlamism, tbe defeaders of
the dogma of Liberty, oar common life, agln9t tbe
dogma ef the Eastern latalUm. Poland has continued
tbe work ol Greece; tbe btiles of the Mirva, Choo
Kim, and Vienna have contlnusd Marathon and
Ualamls. This Ib why tbe name ul Poland Is a sacred,
name. Ibis is why, as with Ureece, Poland will re
vive. sdIis of all.
The blood wbloh flows In your veins Is Sclave. You
are brothers ot tbe men who lnhaalt and claim for
themselves the soil, by them made fertllepl Bosnia,
HeiKegovlna, Montem-gro. and bervla. These men,
these bclaves. will rise one ol these dats la tbe same
of Ibe Klghl which you Invoke in tbe name of tra
ditions which are yours of a life for whloh the Urns
Is oome, and of which you yourselves ought to be the
armed apostle: "tbe lite or tbe Bclave nations."
'Will you march against them? Will you fight
for the Crescent against the Orost, for fatal
ism against liberty, Immobility against progreui,
fact against rgbt, foreign conquest aga'nst tbe rights
of national labor or Anl against EuropeT Will you
sacrifice tbe cradle to tbe tomb 7 This cradle is yours
also, sod It Is In protecting tbe young life struvgllng
therein that you will conqu't In future jour claim to
ezutence. Yon will revive again as a member of tne
third great European family. Poland will be the
eldest daughter of tbe common mother whom we
call Hclavonla, or she will be nothing, la
supporting lb Turk you abdlcite to day your rlarht
to ludefwDdeacvi and to-morrow, wneu yon are com
pelled to Are upon theHclaves, your nationality.
Your m'sslon In the Kast Is, moreover, only a part
of your general mlstilon, Tbe times are ripe for the
bclaves; tbelr national advent will be an Important
fact of ibis century. 1'he Czr kaows It, and that Is
why he tries, as monarchy has done fn Italy and
Germany, to avail himself of a movement whUh
would else pursue a course hostile to Uxailsm. Poles 1
It Is your duty to bailie hlra by occupying bis position.
Place yturselt regularly In tbe vanguard of the
Bclave moTement; be the chiefs of the crusade. The
repub'le alone can kill Panslavlsm. Republicans as
were yonr fathers, but wlih the enlarged republican
Ideas such as the present times and tbe long martyr
dom of your people call for, raise your standard,
"God and liberty for all your oretbrent"
Kepulse all royal snggestlona every promise earn
ing from an established Government. The; have
alwayi deceived you they will deceive you again.
Co nut ouly on yourse yes on the holiness of your
mission, and on the peoples who understand It and
follow an aim analogous to yours.
'The cradle ot the Bclave solrlt," as your poet
Mlcklewlcz ald to tbe College of Prance, "can be
found nowhere bnt In the midst of a people who
among the Hclavonlo races has suffered the most, has
touched Kurone most nearly, which owes tbe moat
to Europe, and which has served Kurope tbe most. '
Yoo are the people. Recognise this fact, and be tbe
Ku'des of Bclave thoosht, as your poets have been
lis propbeis. Iu tbat lies yonr and our wel rare.
JOSEPH MaZZfNL
London, 1868.
D UMA S.
How tho A it tho r Live and Write.
A correspondent of the Boston Commercial
Bulletin sajs:
"Dumas is extremely oheso, and moves about
with great difficulty. He Is a man of powerful
frame, as well as mind, and labors almost inces
santly with his pen. Ilia features are decidedly
Afitcan, and his woolly hair reminds us In its
grayness of the old Uncle Tom. As age grows
upon him he becomes tne victim of peculiar
whims and fancies. lie cooks his own food,
conducting the culinary ceremony with a reli
gious exactitude, and is always satisfied with his
cuisine productions. When he eats, and tbat is
very Irregularly and seldom, ho apparently
enjoys bis food. After his meals he returns to
his chair and dictates to the young lady until
nature prevails and he drops off into a calm
slumber. He scarcely ever retires to a bed, but
sits and sleeps an hour or two. and Instantly
upon awakening calls for his amanuensis and
pioceedswith his work.
"At present he is enetiged in writing a review
of the llavre Marine Exposition, which Is pub
lished in weekly numbers, a new novel of a few
hundred pages, and two plays for theatres fn
Paris. With this work before him. and being
pestered with scores of French exhibitors for
notices in his Review, hi time Is fully occupied,
and It seems wonderful tbat he bears np so well.
Since Menken died it is said that he has grieved
deeply, as be was very much attached to her.
Duma., Jr., is here often, but we see very little
of blui."
FINANCE AND COMMERCE.
Orrioa or ibs Kvbnimo Telbobaph,!
f rlaay, Bept. Zi, I86&,
There is more demand for money, but tbe
rates are without material change. Call loans
are still quoted at vet cent. First-class
mercantile paper ranges from per cent,
per annum.
The 8tock Market opened very dull this morn
ing, but prlcps were steady. Government secu
rities' were firmly held. 114 was bid for 64 of
1881: 104 tor 10-lOs; 114 for '62 6-20s; 109 for
'64 6-20s ; 110J for '65 6-20s; 108J for '67 6-20sj
and 109 for '68 6-20s. City loans were un
changed; tbe new issue sold at 103 JO103,, and
old do. at 101.
Railroad shares wore inactive. Camden and
Am boy sold ril 129, no change: Beading at 4GJ
4tij, a slight decline; and Little Schuylkill at
44J, no change; 661 was bid for Pennsylvania
Railroad; 67 for Minehlll: 354 for North Penn
sylvania; 66 for Lehigh Valley; 30 for Elmlra
common; 40 for Elm ira preferred; 33k for Catas
wissa preferred; and 26 tor Philadelphia and
brie.
In City Passenger Railway shares there was
nothing doing. 60 was bid for Second and
Third; 704 for Tenth and Eleventh; 16 for Thir
teenth and Fifteenth; 22) fortipruee aud Piuo,;
40 for Obesnutand Walnut; 10 for lleslonville;
and 28 for tirroiantowu.
Bank shares were firmly held at full prices.
240 wm hid for Worth America; 163 for Pulla-
iinismAAu.. 1M
Ssh PhilaTr..........l28
8 an Reading.... if
11 dn tr'.Moo. 4S4
KiOshNYAUId t2
SOOshBlgMt. bso.
loo sli Keystone Zlnc.ll 14
800 to Leu MavU. 2)
11-33 A. Sf. . 141
11 36 . 14li
11-46 " . 141i
11-55 . 142
11- 69 . 142
12- 05 P. M. . 1421
1213 " . 142J
12-15 " . 142i
delphia; 130J for Farmers' and Mechanics'; 60 for
Commercial; 110 for Northern Liberties-; 32 for
Mechanics'; 107 for Southwark; 117 for Kenslng
ton; 60 for Penn Township; 61 forOirard- 811
for Manufacturers'; 73 for City; 45 for Consolida
tion; and 70 for Corn Kichane.
Canal shares were dull. Lehigh Navigatlo
soli at 22. no change. 10 was bid for
Schuylkill Navigation common; l!j for pre
ferred do.; 70 for Morris Canal preferred: and,
14 i for Susquehanna Canal.
PHILADELPHIA BTOCK KICHANGK BALM T0-DAI
Reported hy D Haven & Bra, No. 40 8. Third street
VfRMT ign
luAmiu.u - i .
City as, New.......lo.'
200 do. New m
Sioo do.New....i8i
HW0 do.New.2cl(W4
iiooo Rend 6s, '70 ltteC
woriiam ss ws
& dO....Mw.,... 98t
luoua do .is. 8i
Tho following are this morning's gold
quotations, reported by Narr & Ladner, No. 30
South Third Btreet;
10-00 A. M. . 142
10-12 " . 14U
10-20 "
1028 "
10 20 "
10-37 "
10- 44 "
11- 00
Messrs
Third street, report tbe following rates of ex
change to-day at 3 P. M.: U. 8. 6s of 1881. 1131
114i; do. 18(12, 113i(3U4l; do., 1864, 109$ (ft
1094 ; do., 1865. 1103(3110; do., 1865, new, 1081
108J; do., 1867, new, lU81'o3109; do., 1868, lOtf
109i; do., 6s,10-408, 104V8104; Due Com
pound Interest Notes, 1194; do. October,
1865, 118. Gold, 141i142. Silver, 1360137.
Messrs. William Painter & Co., bankers',
No. 36 South Third Street, report the following
rates of exchange to-dav at 12 o'clock:
United States 6s, 1881, 113Jfail4; U. 8. 6-20e,
1862, 113fi'll4;do., 1864, 1091091; do., 1866,
11081104; do. July, 1865, 10RJ108; do. July,
1867, 108Bl08j5 1868. 109jl09i; 5s,10-40s, 104
104J. Compound Interest Notes, past due,
119-26; September, 165. 119-25; October, 18S5.
H84QII9. Gold, 141ai41.
Messrs. Jay Cooke & Co. quote Govern
ment securities, etc., as follows; (J. 8. 6s of
1881, 113J114J; old 5-208, do., 114r3ll4J; new
6-20S, 1804, 10$ail0; do.,l65 110JO1105; 5-208,
July,. 1865, I08i109; do.. 18C7. 108i109; do.
1868. 109J1094; 10-40S, 104J104J. Gold, 141.
Tbe tonnage on the Canal of the Sohuyklll
Navigation Company for tbe week ending
September 21, 18U8. was 32.885-10 tons.
Corresponding week last year. 25,498 16
Increase for the week 7,380 14 "
For the Reason to Sept. 21, 1818 6ftTi7T5 M
For tbe season to Sept. 24, 18B7 702,508 12
1411
141
1411
1411
141jl
Do Haven & Brother, No. 40 South
Decrease...,
..68,831-17
Philadelphia Trade Report.
Friday, Sept, 25. There la leas aotlvlty la
the Flour Market, but prices remain without
quotable change. There is nothing doing for
shipment, as prices are too hlgti to admit of
margin for profit. Only a few hundred barrels
were taken by the home consumers at S6 60
7-50 for superfine, 18 8 65 for extras, $9 60(39 75
for new Minnesota extra family, 9-2510 for
new Spring Wheat do. do., $9 7510 25 for old
Spring Wheat do. do., fl012 for Pennsylvania
and Ohio do. do., and (12 6014 for fancy brands,
according to quality. Uye Flour Is unchanged
sales ot 100 barrels at S9-2o9 50. 400 barrels Bran
dy wine Cora Meal were taken on terms kept
secret. '
The Wheat Market presents no new feature.
Or prime tbe supply is light, and for this de
scription the inquiry is good at current quota
tioua. BsIm ot 2500 bushels red at $J JO ao trt
(2 80 for prime and fair, and 2000 bushels amber
at $2 332 35. Uye is selling at $1 60 for Western
and $1 36l-40 for Southern. Corn is qiUeT but
prices remain without change. Sales of vellow
at $l-28l-30, and Western mixed at SI 2ili
Oats are la steady request, with sales of 4000
bushels Western at 75 77. No obaoge to notioa
In Barley or Malt.
Bark is in good request, with sales of 20 hhrt
No. 1 Quercitron at joO y ton. nna'-
WhlhKy Is unchanged. Bales of 100 barrels
tax paid, at 81-65 y gallon. "arreis,
LATEST SllirriAfj UtTELUttKMCEs"
Fbr additional Marine Newt tee Inside Panes.
PORT OF FHILAJ)BI.PHlA..w.jBgyriiMBB:R
sbaph orrioa.
- M ..........66111 . M .......68 H P. If ,..7t
OLKARKD THIS HORNING "
StTc1.? ArBentlno. More, itouerdam, K. A. Bonder
Brig Kmlly Fisher. Clark. Portsmouth, do.
Brig Ksle Foster, Browo, Baleu, Warren A (ire
Brig JM.B Kir by Bernard, Bosio J?Romilfj,
cbr BeDj. Strong. Brown. ProldeDoVjfaJpJn?ei j,
Bchr P. Bolce, Adams. Boston, BiicSltaSin '
hchr H. BlackmsD, Jones, ProvldeieV d'ot01
Bohr Heading KB. No 84. Burk, Usg Harbor rt?
Bohr Armenra. Uole, Boston, " DOr' 3;
fccnr Transit, Racket. Newport
bcbrM. K. RookhlU, Rockhili, Boston, Dy, HuSdeU
Bcor .Flyaway. Kelly, Boston, George 8. RennllAr
Bear Emliy and Jennie. Hewitt. Boston. P An
Bcnr K. Amsden, Amsden. Boston.
"5! J" SoU- uii'- Boston. Weld, Nagle A Co.
Bcbr K. W. Uardner, Hteeiman. Boston. Sn"
Kcnr J. A. Parsons, Clark, Boston, Uammett A niii
Bohr M. P. Hudson. Hudson. Boston? 1 rt5JaU,
,wffilato2.M,, Be'' BuMOn' CMn'.3Mekney
BchrAnnle Adams, Banks, Boston, Van Duseo, Bro.
Bcbr David Faust, Lord, Boston, dn
Co' M WUBon' Brown' Blena Caldwell, Qortoa
Bcbr j! Bloh, CrowelL Caps Ann, Blnnlokson A rv,
NutJing.1'11"6'""16' HlnbMa' aoriKaffi
Bcbr W. Butman, Hmart, Snarsport,
Bcbr Mary Reilly, Kellly, Button. ao
SchrB. T. Wines, Hulse. Wrtrebam.
Bcbr Laura. Coombs, Bangor.
Bcbr Bonny Boat, Kelly, Boston.
Bcbr Hea Breeie, Coombs. Bangor.
Bt'r E. O. Blddlo, McCue. New Vork.W. P. Clydo a
Tog Tbos. Jefferson, Allen, for Baltimore, wita
? barges, W. P. Clyde AOo. '
ARRIVED THH MORNING.
Br. ship Aurora. Utley, ts days from BotUnt.
wltn mdse. to I Westeriraard A t'o. M,TOW,
Bteamsblp Stars and rHripe. Holmes, ( days
Havana, with sugar, eio , to i'taoa. WattaoiiA
Off Bombay Hook, passed shin Tamerlane, from io
York, bound up. Passenger Fortune Courslsr
Br. barque Abble 1 nomas, Raymond, tsdanfw.
Brlstol. ng.. with old Iron to L. WeaiergaardVa tSm
Bcbr Michigan, Pickering, 8 days from Calaii iJi..
lumber to capuun. wlta
Bcbr Susanna, Packard, 6 days from WUmln.i-.
N C. with mdse. to Cochran, Russell A Co, Wn
Bcbr A. B. Plercy, Poulson, lrom Potoman
with lumber to I. B. PnlUlps. w "Var,
Bcbr Jobn Beatty, Price, days from Norfolk .
lnmber to Collins A Co. ".Wim
Bcbr Elisabeth English, Crowell, from Boston.
Bchr Laura Coombs, from Portamoatn,
Hobr M. K. Bockblll, Rockblll, from PortatnnniK
Bcbr W. M. Wilson, Brown, from Ellsworth
Bchr Benl. Strong, Brown, from Fall Klyer. '
Bcbr P. liolcs. Adams, from Boston.
Bcbr llonoy Boat Kelly, frm Boston,
Bcbr Flyaway, Kelly, from li uiton.
Bcbr M. A. Holt. Holt, from Boston.
Bcbr Emily and Jennie, Hewitt, from Boston.
Bcbr J. A. Parsons, Clark, from Bostaa.
Bchr H. A. Rogers, Frambes, from Boston.
Bchr J. Rich. Crowell from Boston.
Bcbr Wm Butman, Smart, from Boston.
Bcbr Mary P. Hudson. Hudson, from Boiton.
Bcbr K. W, Gardner. Bleelman, from Beiton. .
Bchr H. T. Wines. Hulse. from Boston.
Bchr Mary Reilly. Reilly. from Newburyport.
Bchr J. J. Little, Llitie. from Hlngbam. .
Bohr Transit. Rackett, from Oorobeater.
Bchr Reading RR. No. 34 Burk, from Green port.
Bchr Geo. B. Adams, Baker, from Providence,
Sobr H. Black man, Jones, from Porvldenoe.
Bcbr Hea Breese. Coomhs. lrom New Haven.
Bcbr Ida V. McCabe, PlokuD, from Norwich.
Steamer Beverly, Pierce. 24 hours from Hew York,
With mdse. to W. P. Clyde A Co.
Tog Tbos. Jefferson, Allen, from Baltimore, with a
tow Of barges to W. P. Clyde A Co.
rT TKLSHJBAMr.l
New Yobs:, Bept. 16. Arrived, sieamshtps TJnlonV
from Bremen; Malta, from Ltvsrnooli Hiberuta, Uoui
Glasgow; and Morro Castle, from Havana.
DOMESTIC) PORTS.
Navr Tokk Bept. 24 -Arrived, ateaauh'p Olty of
New York. Tlbblits, from Liverpool.
steamship Malta, Haines, from Liverpool via Bos
ton. M
Steamship Gen. Meade, Sampson, fm New Orleans,
Barque Maria Scammeil, Heimstream. fr im Jantu,
Barque Anita Gagluevla, Trlhleit. from UlrgSiltl.
jbamue KaXXaale, Mavame, Iron Trlwt

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