THE DAILY E y KG TELEGRAPH PHILADELPHIA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 27, 18C9.
BT RALPH WALDO BM8BH0H.
AnnnnnAixl fc all the trampeU of lh gkr,
Arrives the snof and driving o'er the fielda,
tem- nowhere fanlight; the whited air
itm. hiiiii mi woods, the river, and the
An1 Toile the farm-honee at the srarden'a end
The Bled and traveller Btopped, the courier's
Delayed, all friends shut oat, the housemate!
Aronnd the radlant'flre-plaoe, enolosed
In a tnmnltnone privacy of storm.
Come see the north wind's masonry.
Ont of an nnseen quarry, evermore
Fnrnished with tile, the fierce artlfloer
Cnrres bis white baatious with projected roof
Bound every windward stake, or tree, or door;
Speeding, the myriad-handed, his wild work
So faneiini, so savage; Hougui cares ne
For number or proportion. Mookingly
On coop or kennel lie hangs I'arian wreaths:
A swan-like form Invests the hidden thorn;
Fills np the farmer's lane from wall to wall,
Mangre the farmer's sighs; and at the gate
A tapering turret overtops the work.
And when his hours are numbered, and the
Is all his own, retiring as ho were nol,
leaves, when the sun appears, astonished
To mimic in slow structures, stone by stone,
Built in an age, the mad wind's night-work,
The frolic architecture of the snow.
HIE ENGLISH IIOUSE-Sl'AUKO .V.
HI D. 0. ELLIOT.
In the olden time, the records of which are
transmitted to us in the verse of inspired
men, when, in the days f the minstrel kiug,
the sparrow "sat alone upon the house-top,"
the sprightly creature which forms the subject
of our present theme was, even as now, a
well-known, familiar friend.
A cosmopolite he is also, and many are the
lands which claim him as their own. To
mighty Nineveh, with its miles of streets, or
to Jerusalem, when in all its glory, he was no
stranger, but amid their noisy thoroughfares
and crowded marts Securoly dwelt, as busy
with his own all'uirs as the most industrious of
the higher orders around him.
Ho recluse i3 he, to shua man's presenee
and seek the solitude of the groves, or silent
paths of shady voodn, where, aided by his
assiduous mate, he could build his commo
dious nest, disturbed only by the murmur o
the brook, and there bring np his little family
in peace; no, indeed the streets of the
crowded city, thenoii-e and bustle of countless
passers-by, the rumbling of vehicles, and all
the cries aud sounds which conti ma'ly ascend
from within the iiiruta which onompasj the
abodefl of men, are far nmce agreeable to him;
and beneath the eaves of the stateliest eiiiiije,
upon the porch, or withiu the ivy, which,
perchance, may cover the walls, his nest is
placed and he makes himself at home.
Constant in Llj attacLm., .... "
sparrow way be riwavs f,,,.77 lU9
Jar location who
lor ,(!,.., ...i.- . "'
iu the parties
... ue way jictvo cuiueu vu
vnoii. Others,of the feathered race, which
come to us when tbe tiees are blossoming, and
Nature is arraying herself in her bridal dres3
cf spring, desert tbeir accustomed haunts,
and the spot endeared to them as the home of
their chirping brood, for sunnier climes, as
Boon as the chilling breath of winter is felt.
Let the wind blow ever so fierce and keen,
and the snow enwrap all the land, his cheery
note will be heard in the blast, as, pulled iuto
the semblance of a ball, he clings to his much
loved perch, happy tiven amid the storm.
I have called him a cosmopolite, and bear
me witness if he does not deserve the appella
tion, when I recount tbe lands which consider
him their own: In Europe he is found Lu
'"ugland, Sweden, Norway, llolland, Germany,
Prance, Spain, Portugal, Italy, and Dalmatia;
out of Europe, in Moroooo, Algeria, Egypt,
Persia, and the mountains of the Himalaya;
while it is more than probable that the species
inhabiting the Peninsula aud other portions of
India, to which another name has been given,
is only the same well-known bird.
To this long list of habitats must now be
added that of the United States, of which,
within the last few years, our friend has be
come a naturalized citizen, as our streets tes
tify every day.
Pirst landed in Jersey City, the little
foreigners prospered and increased, soon
attaining to the dignity of a small colony,
which dwelt in peace in the minute thatched
houses provided for them. The benefit of
their presence was soon manifested by the
diminution iu number of the measuring-worm
J.mwmos subsiijnaria), that great destroyer of
our city foliage, which succumbed to the
attacks of our new-found friends. Energetic,
inquisitive, learieBB, ay, impudent, the spar
rows would pry into every crevice in the
lark, or other hiding place, and draw out the
concealed larv;e or reluctant worm, to ba
speedily devoured as a most dainty morsel;
and so constant was their attention to these
pests of all pedestrians, that they were soon
exterminated in those portions of the city in
which the birds abode.
They were soon transported to New York,
and houses provided for them in Union aud
Madison Squares, whare they rapidly in
creased, and where, since their arrival, we
can perctive a diminution of the same pests
which were accustomed to Lang from the trees
m repulsive clusters.
In England, this unfortunate bird is subject
to all manner of persecutions; but in tbe New
World let us hope he will be received as the
benefactor he really is, and treated accord
ingly. lint the question is assked: "Is not all the
good which the sparrow does offset by the in
jury he effects in the destruction of grain,
to?" Doubtless, we must reply that he la
not entirely guiltless, but let ua not be over
hasty to condemn him, for he only takes the
wages dne for timely services well performed.
Think, if you will, my friend, how active and
important an assistant to the farmer he has
been, when the ground was being prepared
for the sower, and afterwards, whtn the living
germ in the seed was struggling to pierce
through Its hardened envelope to appear in
me tender blade. How many grubs and nun
ful insects baa not vour feathered friend de
Btroyed, and, through the inoessantezertions
which big instinct teaches him to make, ren
dered himself the most important helper of
the tiller of the soil I "The insect wnlolt tbe
farmer raises only to oast again into the
earth." our little friend carries' entirely awar.
Constantly oooupied from molding until night
in aotive search for the inseota which, during
a great portion or tue year, constitute almost
his only food, It la impossible to arrive at even
an approximate estimate of the number he
destroy! or the servioe ne renders to man
Besides Investigating the bark and leaves of
the trees, he will inspect the renoea and wans
of the houses, and woe to any spider which
may be fonnd lurking in the crevices, for it is
Bpeedily withdrawn and devoured
Yery little la required to keep the sparrowi
tnrougn me winter; a lew nandiuis 01 grain
occasionally thrown near their abodes id all
that is neoeisary; their own energy and oease-
ieta activity win provide them wltn other food
10 euapie wem to thrive.
If we take into consideration the bunelt
which the feathered raoe bestows npon man,
by destroying the countless Injurious inseota
and larvw, surely the small tribute which
they may take from the growing crops should
not be grudged to them, for if a balance
could be struck, man would find himself a
heavy debtor. Ilearth and Nome.
The London Atheiutum gives the following
Interesting description of a line collection of
ancient armor on exhibition at the South Ken
sington Museum, London:
This collection C'iniprlsra not only offensive
and defensive Lurojcuu and oriental arm, but
ivories, mlulaturos. Klemtsh pictures, enamels,
carvings in iron and oilier metals, bronzes, aud
several historic relics of great iutcrest, a the
targets of Charles the Fifth and Francis tlio
First, the baton of Alva, a suit of armor which
is reputed to have belonged to Ferdinand, King
of the Romans aud successor of the first; also,
the so-called portrait ol Anne of Cleves, which
is ascribed to Holbein, and said to have been
that which induced KliiR Henry to marry tho
ensy-poiug princess, These relics arc now dis
posed in ctironoloKifiil order iu the lower part
ol tho gallery which held-the National Portrait
Exhibitions. Within certain limits the military
Items illustrate in a scries of mounted figure
and in iletachr-d pn'ccs the development of unns
and armor in mcUiivval Europe. Tiie extreme
ruritv cf l iirly specimens, to sav iio'liinc nr ti.n
total absence of certain kinds, precluded a more
remote besinnlnir lor this series than the reiun
of Henry the. Fourth, c. 1145.
W e i-liall confine rmr rrniurka In Ihn flrui 'o
tp tbe armor and weapons, and primarily c;ill
the visitor's attention to some very Interesting
oreek. or rather Etriirn. nrmnr niii, i.
placed in a table-case at the east end of the
gallery, bein bclme.s of brouzo with aud
Without the natal nieces whieh
painted vases and the bends of statues of Pallas
Cm one of these the student may notice conven
tional indications m nie'al oi'ttm 1.
Which were used toaltucli portions of still older
head pieces to each other. These indications
arm u sort of ornament to the metal. In the
tame case arc greuves of Lronzo of similar
In a etandincr enso near the laeM. inrtMh
with u British or Gaulish helmet, one of the
niot-t remarkable antiquities of the Romano
British period in tluve elands, the unique and
much-studied (see 'Archieolosin." vol. wiin
y.'.'f.'d. or large shield coveringof gilt brouzo
which was fonnd lu the Witbnm, Lincolnshire.
Its d' Coratious are precisely. EUV 9 Sir Mum nol
Mevrick, such us we should expect from a
people imitating the mode of a superior rare.
It is supposed to neriaiu to Britain nfier t'h
departure of tho Komaus: it was held, Chinese
fashion, at nnn'j leuinh, and by means ot a
handle behind the bn-s iu the centre: its snr-
ice 13 decorated witu three bosses, ot whieh
Hint in the ranlJlu is inlaid with cornelian.
connected by linely-Ai-ought lines and mould
Close to this nrtjcle ura Italian na'nted shield
of the fifteenth or si.v.t ent.li ccmurv. On tho
wall behiid are c.vniipl'M of true chain-mall
hmibei ks, t-ieevc and jambs, aNo two-hand aud
wcle-haud Bwovds ot i.irtie. sizes, roimh inuce.
a ponderous tiluiifr helm. c. temp. Kdurd the
Fourth, a l.ircie bioad-blailed swoid. sueh a
hiiug thea(hie-s at th'j saddles ol com batauta.
o a salicip, c. M, another-of Venetian
tiffin and sixteenth ccnturv date, which linn
he form and natal piece of I he Ftruscau helms
refer! ed to. tjuch articles are not uufrc-ku'"-
-'"'ures of the time. Here,
fluently seen m ,... diehard Iem-
likewise. is the "heaulaic" ot o.. .
bridge, 1375, from ubo -e his tomb in Ilcrcrorn
Cathedral, one of tlio most unwieldly garments
that were ever made: also (No. 133), a clobose
breastplate of noteworthy character, with bold
flutine,?, such as added materially to its
power of resistance to blows, and were soon
brouaht into common use, as further example!
hero an.ply show. This liieastplate is beauti
lully etched aud chased with patterns that arc
arranged in lines in'ciniediale to the tlutiu.s.
lu front ol these articles, tllline the centre ot the
first of the scries of bay s Into which, by means
of Hues ol halberts aud other staff weapons, the
gallery is divided, stands the figure of a knight,
c. 1410, temp. Henry the Sixth, the earliest com
plete suit in the collection, aud ainouK the
oldest in existence. For earlier illustrations of
armor than this we must refer to missal and
other paiutinps, and, above all, to the ellijrles in
huudredB ot churches. Those, taken with tho
Bavcux Tapestry and other authorities, evince
the gradually mcrcased use of pieces of plate
armor to overlay the almost invariably present
undeishirt and other garments of mail. Prccioui
nmoug these ancient records are the sepulchral
incised sbvb at Ashiui;tou, Devon, and tho
brasses which, beMiuninii with that of
Sir Johu B'Aiibeinouii I, iu Stoke
D'Aubcinouu Church, Burrcy, 1272, show
the grades cf advancement from fragmentary
to comp lete 6uits ol biccl plates, of which there
are many flue specimens before us here. The
brasses, better than th actual armor, show the
addition of steel kneecaps or ipnoiu'erfs, elbow
pieces, or conkres, splints on'the upper arms or
demi-brassarts, splints on the lefts or grtaues or
jambs, aud, first ot all, skull-caps or basinets for
the heads of the soldiers of old. These additions
were prosrcssivcly enlarged, until they met
upon the "body and limbs of the wearer and
clothed him wholly. With these defenses the
weapons of attack were also changed; the short
lance which the D'Aubemouu knight, I, carries,
ciew ultimately to the long aud terrible arm.
With which so ninny of our picturesque notions
are more or less incorrectly ussociaieu, tue Aiar
lets de fcr and sharp-pointed hammeis which
erst served to break up and penetrate the lii?ht
and flexible mail developed to ponderous macos,
and were used with effect upon encrusted rueu-al-arms.
Those arrows of early date which
mail coats barely resisted became the potent
shHfts of Crecy aud Voictiers, aud were driven
by bows, such as the example iu the tower re
presents, and of which so many talcs are told.
As we invent cuus to break up the
iron-claJs of todjy and devise more
ttrotply armored ships to Keep out toe Bnoi
aud shell of tuuse irenienuou3 pieces,
so our anceftoi3 added weigut aim Keenness to
their trenchant weapons, and added weight to
Bnri di.nblpd the suet clothing of their men.
The U'Aubernoun hni; ht. H, son and namesake
of the first Sir Johu o: mat piace, displays me
expansion of pla'e upou mail in this metallic
clothing. The Truujoingiou knight of t'ara
bridce. the heptvans kuignt of Cuartham, Kent,
the Be bures kuient oi koiiojh, mm uim- m
succession, point to tho same changes. As we
have lost the eailicot plate armor, althougtt not
so the antecedent and contemporary mail, we
must look for its form to the monuments aud
pictures, and for its service to the weaoons
which were employed upuinet its wearers. Bear
ing these facts in mind, the student has a key
to'much which is enigmatical here, aud in the
Museums of Vienna, Madrid, Brussels, Paris,
Copenhagen, and the Tower. The intervals of
plate armor were aliuost invariably shielded
by pustets aud fringes of mud, as in the entire
suit before us.
Between this and the next figure stands a fine
specimen of German armor, r. 1520-30, which
reproduces the pulls and slashes of the cloth
garments then in vogue. It is richly etched
between tho lines of puffs. Next is a Buit of
black armor, gilt and crossed with red upon
the breast, as lor a knight of St. John of 1U-
venna; on the wall behind it hangs a suit of
Italian chased and nbbed armor, c. )500,whieh
Is, however, numilitary in its appearance
according to our notions; worthy of attention
from an attistio point of view. Then a strtnae
looklng Burgundiau morlou, with a visor which
is shaped like a grotesque mask, and has a beak
like nose and bold cut led moustaches moulded
in iron. Next is a very elegaut Italian morion of
the sixteenth century, with rich scrolls repousse
upou its contour, and arising from au
arabesque mask of fine design. Here also is a
morion shaped like the head of a sea-monster,
and from that circumstance doubtless of
Yenetlan make. No. 99, lu this bay, is a
mounted figure, pait of the horse armor of
which does not assort with that of the man.
This is a very interesting specimen, c. IStiO.
Then comes a black suit with eilt bands, en
graved. Near is a lancer's demi-ault of Genoese
origin, repousse in lollage of great spirit and
beauty on its breast; parts of the tace are
"made up;" on the rl,ht shoulder aud knee
pieces are grotesque monsters' heads, with pro
jecting snonls. Next stands a line Italian Dlate
armor, which la traditionally ascribed to Ferdi
nand, Kin of the Komans, and Is ceitainly ono
of the most admirable herp.
On the wall hero hang bucklers with proiect
log rinas of steel, the use of which was to
catch tbe point of a sword and break the wea
pon, leaving the ansallaut open to the dagger or
sword of his antagonist. Also daggers with the
rlnea through which, lu order to obtain a
firmer grasp, the users thrust their thumbs, and
exceptional weapons: among the last is an
absurd "aword-breaker," a sort of comb of
ateel, designed with teeth to catch a weapou,
and, by means of a strong wrench, snap it: c.
Henry the Eighth. In a standing cso are the
taigets ot Charles the Flftu and Francis tho
First. Behind aro some curiou pistols and
their appurtenances. Nest Is a tilting suit,
made smooth and without ridges, uron which
A nointfd I a nop p.milrl into c(r,.ri Nniln ik.
larse neck-shield or grand garde, added to the
lett shoulder or this figure, with its flying piece,
which was designed to cover the visor aud its
openings. By way of eluding the effect of these
smooth and large surfaces, tilting-noles were
furnished with coroncls or heads, with four or
more rounded knobs, such as may be seen in
the hands of the rftigy In question and others
its uciRhbors. The famous "Triumph of
Maximiliau" illustrates very completely and
geuerally these outre devices. Here is a suit of
splinted or laminated armor, which was de
vised to afford liberty of motion to the wearer.
Also another suit, not in splints, richly gilded
and engraved. Oilier figures, until wc come to
a rough effigy of a Commonwealth trooper, In a
complete buff coat of modern leather, are
rather curious and admirable on account of the
cost, taste, and labor which have buen lavished
upon them than as armor proper.
Among the articles to which peculiar histori
cal Interest attaches are the decorated tar.'eU
of Charles the fifth, the slaed work of II.
Spacini, of MPau, engraved with concentric
subjects of the Zodiac, classic themes, twelve
acts of the Fmporor. and, external to these, tho
same number of Scriptural illustrations, c. l.r50.
The tarcetof Francis the First has been injured.
Not inferior to theso is the famous marshal's
baton which Philip the Second gave to the
Buko ot Alva, a short, hollow Rtntr nf ,tni
designed to contain tho musterrnll of tho
Bpanieh army, and engraved ont-iide with
numerals, arranged so as to show at will the
number of soldiers who could be placed on
any assumed space. Altogether this collection
comprises about 1500 pieces, of which two
thirds are European arms and defenses, 219
are oriental: miscellaneous oliimu 1 1 7 ivnn..
For theRt! latter classes w nmc.t. inom imu
Prime in Interest here Hrp In'n miiiint.iirnu nf
exquisite quality:-1. Is the famous portrait,
Which is asrtihpd fn Ifnlhein nf A n i n
but qnes ionably on both points. It is more
like Catharine of Arragon, as the catalogue
now styles it, and cannot well ne the picture of
either lady. It is that with which Walpole fell in
love when he saw it nt "Mr. Hn
Kent." This eem was at Manchester' in isr,7'
and is bre accompanied by (2) a ruiniiture of
Henry the Eifhth,,appareu.ly by the same hand.
Both are in ivorv boxes: timt nf t.hi
carved like a full-blown rose. Hero. also, me
some ivory carvings, optychs, triptychs, and
tsiblels: auionu them tiro beautiful illnstmilnna
of the Legend ot St. Agnes, in eight tablets
iu hnrh relief, nnd ot "Str Tnrtnm rit,
Lf omnia ;" also, au exfiuisitelv-wrouiht
devotiouul tablet, French, of the rarest
beauty, representing the Corouation of
IllP Vlrfr'm hp fin Amrrli n lirtwii riTitl.
subjects of the Virgiu's lif' which aro worthy of
V... t n r. . i , ...... i.
ui-iuwcii tiiinui Mjuy, nun a u iprycii oi inci
dents in tho lile of Christ. Iu a eae in the same
chamber with these is a collection of ivory
-"vii us, coffers, triptych", diptychs, tablets
oi Gothic, ivCSm.", Kbenis.h-Hvz.mtmo
origin. r. urm-rest, a slaff-head of ivory,
npoarently Romanesque in dcsisn, with very
bold protesques in foliage. Also, Iudiau carved
boxes and staff-heads. Iu another case aro
Gothic aud Romanesque enamels, articles cuir
i if.- i .. I . .. r : 1 1 u
uuu u, uionzcs, u bjiueiui ui nuu, iuuuiu or
French, eeveutecnlh century, representlug
Samson with the ass's jawbone; pyxes and
candlesticks; sonic splendid oriental arms,
ncluciing three tall lauces with richly chased
r I t V. 'II It . B,l VI ' 1 V 1. IX-.- VIII LV.-, V 1 1 Vj
with a judo handle, and a considerable number
of other article, of various origins and dates.
Iroiosel Tnnucl ITnUcr Iover MraUs.
The pioject of tunnelling a piissago from Kng
land to France under Dover Straits is still
talked of In Kngland. The Loudon Daily J ws
of December 25 says of It:
"Ibc plan of tunnelling beneath the S'.ralts Is
not altogether a new one. Probably the success
with which the Jlont Cenia tunnel has been
worked through the solid backbone ol tho
Alpine ruuge has attracted new attention to a
scheme which on the face of it seems far
from being impracticable. It must be remem
bered, however, that the difliculties to be en
countered in tunnelling beneath the Straits of
Dover arc of a totally different character from
those which the French engineers have had to
meet with In tunnelling through the Alps The
soil to be traversed in tue former instance would
probably be the 'second chalk formation,' which
may be assumed to extend iu an unbroken course
from tbe place of its uprisingln Eogland to the
place in which H makes its appearance in
France. It need hardly be said that the diffi
culty of perforating this soil would be very
much less than that of perforating the hard
aud complicated material which has been
encountered by the French engiuecrs. On the
other hand, however, there are dangers and
difliculties in tunnelliug under the Straits which
more than make np lor the comparative e tse
with which the mere proecss of perforation
could be pursued. It needs but a slight acquaint
ance with tho history ot the coustruetiou of the
Thames Tunnel to euable one to recognize tho
fact that the workers iu the suggested tunnel
beneath the Straits would be exposed to enor
mous rbks from the effect of the pressure of the
sea npen the btrutum through which they would
have to work. Again aud aijain the water burst
into the Thames Tunnel, and drove the work
men out. Brunei himself nearly lost his lite
duriug one of these irruptions. Now, if this
happened beneath the Thames, what might bo
looked lor from the ctlects of tho enormous
pressure of tbe sea to tay nothing of the in
creased clanger during heavy storms 1 and then
the workmen in tho Thames Tunnel hud but
n corr.patalivcly short distance to run, when
they were threatened with an irruption of
water, lf such an event threatened workine i
engaged nine or ten miles Iron either outlet of
the suggeste d tunnel, tscupo would bo hopeless.
In a shott time the whole lngthottUe tunnel
would be tilled with the waters of the sea, aud
tho labors of years would be rendered useless.
"We urge these considerations, however, not
as deprecating the suggested attempt. Doubt
less the dangers which we h ive pointed out may
be Furmouuted by a judicious choice of the
stratum to tie woiked through, and by cautious
progress defences being continually prepared
around every fresh portion tunueiled. The
experience pained during the tunnelling of ice
Thames shows that much can be done lu this
way; aud wo also have every reason- to believe
that once a tunnel was constructed it would be
as safe as the Thames Tunnel now Is. There nra
difliculties In the way of ventilation, but such
difficulties as these have to bo dealt with (and
have been mo.-.t successfully dealt wipwiu the
construction of the Mout Ceuis Tuniicl. Three
eminent eugiueers, Messrs. Hawkshaw, Brun
fees, and Lowe, have pronounced tbe plan to be
leasible; and the estimated cost nine niilliona
sterling though large, is still reasonable when
the value of the tunnel 13 considered.
"Ctrtaluly the Idea Is at ouce a bold and au
attractive one. Nature's barriers are beiug, one
al,ter another, overcome. Now a mountain is
tunnelled, then un isthmus Is cut through, next
the Falls of Niagara aie spanned by a railway
bridge. Hitherto, however, sea-straits bavo
not bepn successfully attacked, except where
as in the case of tbe Monai Htruits they are of
very moderate extent. Wbeu voyagers cau
pass to France without encountering the terrors
of sea-sickue8, a veritable triumph will bavo
been achieved over nature.
A Cincinnati paper eiys the Clerk of the
Massachusetts House makes moBt of its Gov
ernors and Congressmen. The Boston 1 'ost
thinks he should be discharged for poor workmanship.
DEI.AWABK MUTUAL SAFETY INHUIt.
ANCK COMPANY. Incorporated by tbe
legislature of Pennsylvania, 1825.
Office 8. E. corner of THIRD and WALNUT
On Vessels, Cargo, and Freight to all parts of
On goods by river, cnnal.lake and land carriage
to all partn of tiie Union.
On Mercbandlsegenerally; onHtores, Dwellings,
ASSETS OF1 THE COMPAHT.
November 1, lbtft.
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30,000 Stale of Tennessee Five Per
Cent. Loan 21,00000
7,000 State of Tennessee Six Per
Cent. Loan 5,03125
15,000 Uermnntown Gas Co., prin
cipal and Interest gunran.
teed by City of Pliilaa'a,
300 shares Stock 15,000 00
10,000 Pt'im'a Ruilroad Company,
200 shares Stock 11,300 00
5,000 North Penn'a Railroad Co.,
100 shares Stock 3,500 00
20,000 Fhlln. and Southern Mall
Steam. Co., SOshares Stock 15,000 00
207,'JOO Loans on Bond aud Mort
gne, first lieua on City
Properties 207,000 00
tl.lO'J.OOO Par. Market value, 81,130,325-25
Real Estate 3(1,000 00
Hills receivable for Insurance made 322,1601)1
Balances due at agencies, premiums
on marine policies, accrued inter
est, and other debts duo the com
pany , 40,17888
Stock and scrip of sundry corpora
tions, SJlaO. lOstimuted value 1,81300
casn in name 5110 150-08
Cash in drawer 4i;i-(io
i 1 ,647,867 -80
Thomas O. Hand, Eilmnnd A. Soudor,
.lr.hTi i 1 nonlu
Samuel E. Stokes.
i i . i
James C. 11 and,
Joseph JI. Seal,
John It. Penrose,
Jacob P. Jones,
H. Jones Brooke,
James B. McFarland,
Joshua P. Eyre.
William U. Ludwlg,
(ieorge O. Lolper,
Henry C. Dallett, Jr.,
Jonn D. Taylor,
Ueorge W. liernadou,
William O. Boulton,
I. T. Morgan, Pittsburg
John B. Somplo, "
A. V.. Boreer.
. HAND, President.
JOHN C. DAVIS. Vii'B.ProKlilnnt
HENRY LYLB URN, Secretary.
HENRY BALL. Asalatant Secretary. TIP 6
II TE INSURANCE
c o m p a a y,
S. . Comer F1FTII and C1IESXUT Sts.,
S 1 ,000,000
D I K E C T O 11 S,
GFORGK H. STUART, 8. H. HORSTMAN,
GKOilUi; W. fHILIib,
Wa, A. POUTER,
F. A. LBKXKL,
WM. V. JUi Kl'AN,
THOMAS W. itVAN9,
A. J. DhKXlil.
WM. O. HOUSTON,
. J. SOLM1,
HENRY ifi. ROOD.
JAMKS M. WORRIiON. President Manhattan B auk
JOkLPH bTUART, ol J. J. Hluart & Co., liaukera.
HON. . S, TOEEY, late President Board of Trade,
A. CHAMBERL4.IN, of Chamberlain & Co.
Jj. Z. JE ITER, of Field. Lelter A Co.
C- B..bMlTH, ol Uvo. U fciiiUh t lituthera, Bankers,
WILLIAM GARVLN, of Garvlu, Bell 4 Co.
JAMES E. TEATMAN, Coshlei Mercliauts' National
11 a nlc.
HON. J. W PATTEUteON. U. b. Benator.
WILLI 4 M PKEatOTT SMITH, Superintendent
(.'uiiHoIidhltd Railway Hue, iSuw Vutk to
P. V. muEMAKER, of Adama A Co.'a Express,
CJIRlbTI AN AX, of O. W. Gail & Ax.
ElvAMJJH T. KING, PreniUeul Central Bavlnss
GEORGE H. 8TUART, President.
C F. RETTd, Becretary.
J. L. LULLOW. CoiiSUliliig Physician.
V. KITJA11T PAT 1 EKbON , -., .. .
RICHARD LUDLOW, j Counsel.
This Cornpuuy Issues Policies of Life Insurance
ntou all ilia various plans inat have been proved
by tbe expertauce of European and American Com-
panles to be sale, sound, aud reliable, at rates as
LOW AND UPON TEKiLi AS FAVORABLY AH
THOSE! OF AN V COM ANY OF L4UAL bTA
All policies are uou-forfeh 'bio aftor tbe payment
Of two or luo.e auuual premluuiH. 11 13 lmwDrurji
Franklin rircIr.sura.iec Co.
Sob. 4o5 and 437 C1LLSMJT SlHElk
AMUKT&l ON JAMDAUT 1. 180$,
CAF1TAL.. ........,... 100, OOO'OO
jKXHIKD tiUJU'LOU M l,18,NUH'iJ
GNbLTTLiO) CLAlMtt, LNUOMJi FOR i&tn
lritfU l'AIO HIHCB 18a UVJUfl
Perpctoai aud TumpoiaryPblloiea on LiberM Tsru
Charles N. Bancker, Airrltler,
Baniuel G:abt, I'ihO-V l""t.
UeortW RlchariU, WlllliTMlS Grant.
Isaao lit-. AHreU H. Baker,
Ueoige Fales, Tbouias is. lllsl
CHARLU9 N, fiANUKFR, Prmldent.
UiOituK FALEU, Vluo-Preoldenu
JAS. W. MoALLiaiEK, becrevary pro teu,
ItxceplalLexlukt'iu, Kentucky, mis Ooinpanytli
no Aiteuuie W w of Fuiaburn. jl
Ti-ilKK 1MSUKANC1S EXCLUSIVELY Til B
n piCNNb YLVANIA KIKE LNbURANOE COM
PAN V Incorporated lb2oOharlr Pwrpetual Mq
510 WALMJTiitrwjt, opi-oalie Independence bqnar
lii Is Compaw favurably known u tbeooiumuulu
ft over lortyyFara. ouutlunes to Insure aualust liu
or damaice by nre on Public or Private Buildings,
f llOttl (Wiuaucu.i uc .us it Hiuiivu uuio, A4SO UO
Furultura- blocks of Goods, and Merchandise gene
rally, on liberal tarina,
Tbeir Capital, together with Urge Bnrplua nnd
Is invested In the most careful wanner, which enables
tbem to offer to lbs Insured au undoubted seouxlky Z
Daniel Bmltb, Jr., John Derarenu
Alexander Benson, I Thomas btuilbT
InaiMViia&leburst, I Henry lwls,
DANIEL bslITH. J. Jesl6n.
WM. 9, CBOWJLLL, becreuta. I.M
FIRE IKSIJIUXCK COMPANY
Capital, - - S4O0.O0O
Assets, S2,G77,372. 13
Btatcmentof the Assets of tbo Company on
January 1, 1809, rnbllaOed In conformity with,
tbe proviblonsof tneslxtb. section of the act of
ABeembly of April 5, 1812.
On property valued at over 8 1,000,000,
belUK First Mortnni;oR on Real K
taie in the rlty anU couniy of l'blht.
tlelphla, ezotpt S38,o51T7 In tbe
nelijUborlng counties 9'-ii460,335'2S,
It EAT. KSTATT.
1'nrchased at HUortfTg suits, under
MorlRnge Claims, viz.: ,
Elulit houses and lot, 8. W. corner
CheRuut and Bevenleentb Btreets...
A house and lot, north side of .Spruce
street, west of Lleventh street
Two houses and lots, east side Uope
street, north ot Hansom street
Six bouses and lot, norm side of
tiennelTs court, east of Beach street..
A house and lot, Fitzwater street,
eant of Ninth street
fe7 lots of ground on Buckley street
and Quervelle avenue, Bristol
A liouhe and lot, west side Bread
street, south of Race street
A house and Jot, south side of Filbert
street, west of Sixteenth street
A lot ot ground, south side Lombard
street, west of Twenty-third street.
Total surveyed and valued at
Temporary Loans ou Stocki ns Hoi.
luteral Secunty (valued at 81'.3,7ia).t17,HS 30
68 200 U. 8. Iioiuls, 1SSI
S IO.HjO U. H. 10-4(1 Registered Bonds
S 1,( 00 U. B. 6-20 Registered Bonds, loiij
2o,700 Fhlladu. City LiOaus, not taxa
ble S9.000 Foniifylvanla Ktato six per
cent. Loan, May, lSttl
10 COO North Penn a It R. Bonds
i'JOO North l'enu'a It. R, coupon
500 share 1'enn'a Railroad (Jo
h ranklln Fiielnsurance
ISank of Kentucky
Union Bank of Teun
Insurance Company of
tho (State of Fenu'a...
Southwark Railroad Co
Union Canal Company.
Continental Hotel Co...
3i!0 Philadelphia City Warrants...
Total Market Value $203,0s0,13
Cost 172.637 00
N OTEH AN I BILLH RECK I VABLii a, 1 2.
KEVEiNUKSTAMPd 127 !5
B. Ilammett for real estate sold,
not yet conveyed 20,700-00
William II. Armstrong ooo-oo
M. Thomas A Hons 300 OO
Cash on hand J'J0,73 57
' in hands of Agents 5,118 35
TOTAL CASH 20,091 03
Market Trice 8115.321I3
CCBt, BBP.LiOve 5i,3bu 32
Advance in Value $00,933-11
Market Price 520J.CS0 13
Cost, as above 172 037 00
Advance iu value $31,013-13
LOSSES 15 Y riKE.
Losses Paid during the Year 1S68.... $113,3 10-03
By order of the Board.
CIIAS. . UAM'KER, rrcsIdcnU
JAS. W. ilcALLISTER, Secretary .pro ton.
CH AS. N. BANCKER,
HA li V L GRANT,
GEO. W. RICHARDS,
WM 8. GRANT,
A L I'll Eli O. BAKER,
THOMAS H. iLLJS.
CHA8. N. BANCKER, President.
UKOROE FALE3, Vice-President.
j A3, w. McAllister,
Secretary pro tern.
No. 232 WALNUT STREET, PHILADA.
INCORPORATED 1794. CHARTER PERPETUAL
Xlarlue, lulnuU, nuti l ire lusuruuoe.
ABSETS JANUARY 1, 1868, - 12,001,266-72.
120,000,000 Lobbws Paid In Cash. Buio it,
Arlnnr . (ioffla.
George Ii, Harrison,
Fruaflfc R. lioua.
t sum el W, Jones,
John A. Brcwii,
W lllUia WelHh,
1-Uljsrd 1). Wood,
b. Morris Wain,
T ( i i n MUAII.
Kowsrd H, Trutier,
Edward B. Clarke,
T. Charltoa Huory,
Alfred 1. Jeonup,
John P. Willie,
Luals U. MadoUa.
Chablkb Platt, tincretary.
WILLIAM BVKULm, Hsrrlnbnrt, Centrs
A rent for ineHmm of feunsjlvsma. tauj
PROVIDENT LIFEANQ TRUST CO.
OFFICE, HO. Ill H. FOL'ltXU STKEKT.
Orgulid to pruututa XAih, MoLiRANCIt sjbudi
meiubexs ol tlia
HOOT STY OF FRIENDS.
Good risks of an; class accepted.
Policies Issued opou approved plana, at tut lowwi
B AMU EL R. tJHIPLEY.
Vloe-Presldeiii, WILLIAM C. .NtWTRFTH.
Actuary, ROWLAND PAJ1BY,
The advanlAkea ottered ur trds txnupauy are
Pald-np Capital and Accumulated Funds,
50,00 0,0 0 0 IN COLD.
PKEVOST lEEKKING Agent,
Ui Ha, 90. 107 Boa- THIRD BUeel, PhUA,
1 J'HILAIJI' n,r.m.
NC!OKFORATKU 1R04 OHARTKB PKRP87TTJAL,
Kn rji wil.NHT Btreet, opposite tbe anmria.
Tbls Oompauy Insures Irom loss or dsLmsce by
on liberal terms, on bnlldlDirs, merchandise, lomltiire,
n rnvllmltiul nnrlndii. aud DOT tknentl an hniM.
Ipkr by deposit or premium h
1 be tympany hs been In active pperatlpn for mora
tban HlX'l V YEAKH, during which all louses have
been promptly adjusted and pail.
1pk by deposit of iirniluru.
John L. Hod rs,
TbouiKS H . Powers,
A. K. McHenry,
Irilmnnd Antll Inn.
John T. Lewis,
VVIlllnm B. Urant,
Robert W. Lennilng,
Lawrence Lewis. Jr.
JOHN Tl WIH'Il KR1CH.. PrMM.nl
lwi. k. pinrris.
BixraL Wilcox, becreiary. l.as
pICTUKE3 F O R TRUSKNTS.
A. N, UOIIINNOS,
No. 10 CHKHKUT Sireet,
Rns limt received exqulelte upprinjcns ol ART
bTJlTAL,fi OK HOLIDAY UlfcTa, 4
FINSDRESDJtN -ENAMEW ON PORCELAIN
In great variety. '
fcPLr.NDID FA1INTFD PHOTOORAPH8,
iKduiliug a number ol cliolue
A bOPEHU LINE OIF CUR;MO4.
A large asfortnif-nt o NKW rNUKAVIN'OS Eti
Ainu, RICH bliLW l?'UAEa. of elttgaut nevr
DRUGS, PAINTS, ETC.
ROBERT 8HOKMARER A CO.,
N. E. Comer of i 0 t lllll unU KACU St8.
Ui PORTERS AND MANJFACTTJRICRii 0
White Lead ucd Colored raliits, Puttj
AQNTd FOR THK CHLfiBKATlO)
fKEACII ZIAC rALMS.
D-ALKR8 AND CONSUMERS BUPPLIED AX
LOWEST PRICES POR CAHH. n
1869 bP CO JOIH'P, Ot)U
IDUt blCAhOJNKD CLEAR riMC. lOOiJ
ticuioE ranwtN time.
fcPANlH t'KUAK, If OR PATlERKB.
TUKI PLORIDA'PLOORINU. IOi'IX
O0 O FLORIDA ELOOKUNU. lOOLf
DEL A WAKE FLOOkiNU.
FLORIDA ol EF UOAjja.
1i WALNUT RUM AND PLANE. I JCt
VV Lii L 1' BOA Kiss.
"lf?(ll UNDERTAKERS LUMBFlt, 1 Qnri
iOOJ UlSDERTAEERa' LUMBER. lOUti
WAI.MUT A Zip yiNE.
lkfcil BEAt-ON ED POPLAR. l QUCl
ACjUt BEAbUJNED CHERRY. luQcJ
WHITE OAK PLA1.K AND BOARDS.
l&fctl CIGAR BOX MAKERS' 1 CPO
AODl LTUAR DUX JSlAEEKa lOOU
bPANloH CEDAR BOX BOARDS,
FOR l"ALE LP vV. '
1 RfiO CAROLINA SCANTLING, .1 QaCk
lOUi CAROLINA H. T. HI LLH, 100t7
1 $2fi k CEDAR SHINGLES. 1 OPO
AOOt CYPRESS (-11 IN ULES, lOOiJ
, AIAULE, BROTllFR A OO.,
1 1 No. itouo SOU Til Street.
T. P. GALVIN & CO..
LUf.BEP. COMMISSION MERCHANTS
SUACKA3IAX0 STKEET iVUAUF,
BELOW SLOATS MILLS,
J 80-CALLED), PHIL DELPHIAJ
AGENTS FOR SOOTUE.GN AND EASTERN Ma
fitclurers of YELLOW PiNE and SPRUCE 1'lMBiS
BOARDS, etc., shall be hai py to lurnluli orders
wholHale ratus, dbliverable at auy acowslble port.
Constantly recelviug and on haud at our wharf
BOUTHERN FLOORINO. SCJAN1L1NO. SHIN
GLEb, EAoTERN LATHS, PICKETS. BED-SLATS.
bPRUCE, HE LOCK, SELECT ICHIOAN AND
CANADA PLANK AND BOARDS, AND HAt
MATX) SHIP-KNEES, 1 81 Ituiuj
ALL OF WlllCU HILL BE I LI Vlt B
AT ANY PAKT OF TIIE CITY 1'ltOJIPTLX
ENGINES, MACHINERY, ETC.
V fE.S K "KIM RNniVB .
BOILER WORKS.-NEAJ.Ti- a r
11.1.VA.AJND TH EORET1CAL NUJNEH&5l
ZTrcr,i ,lalnt BOILER-MAKERS, B i, AlTF.
hf.1,0' ua iCNDERS, having loV mw
SSSS.'I ut0"l4fuI ope.aUou, au(f beonexoIa.velS
eiiBagud In build ng aud repairing Msrl Y ffi
?ra,K'l',vn!t' eio. etc. rwpectfully otter tS5
servicbs to the public as being lully prepared io Z
tract lor eugluns of all slsua, Marine, River anrt
bjatlouary; having seis of patterns of 1 uS' sm
are prepared to execute orders with quiuk "dsoiuA
Evtry dodcrlptlon of Iatteru-akinV made St tl
snorkel notice. HleU and Lon-niS,. .
Tubular and Oyllndw Lllew, of the Veit TJna. 'n
ffi5bSf.: 'ua Urtto' wirLrinJ
Drawings and spocl.lcatlous for all work dona
iheaesubllih,nt o ,, caargo, and wuilc guSraai
Tbe subncrlbert have ample wharf-dock room
ri pairs oi boate, where tnty can lie u ierocta
ai.d aie provided with aheais, blocis, fails, etcT..'
fox raibg heavy ot Lht wtighis. ' Bl0 "W
L BEACH aid pllMVa.,.
COUTUWARK tuUNLky FIFTH ivr
kJ WAbJUTOJH bubfuj. AI
IKNQINEERu AND UAUH Ikihim
HlKlL'i&lftr!?'" Woxk,0rwborrr.hop.. an
Every dtmcrlptlon of Plantation Machinery, also
Bngar, Saw, and Orlst Mills. Vacuum S ua
S?& " I,fw'10"' 'lue' luipln'Ka,
bole AgenU for N. Blllenx's Patent Smear Bollln
Apparatus, NfcBinytli'B 1 air-ut bteaiu Uuuuel. and
Asi.lnwall Wooluey's Patonl Centrifugal Bnsas
Dralulng ; Matihlries. ( JJ
1317 REMOVED TO 13oo17
LOW TDK UNITED BTATES MINX.
MARSH & CO.'B
NEW MUH1U 8TORE,
UO. 1317 CHEliNUT BT.. abjve TLUilTEENT
MubIo PnbllKhers, aud Dealers lu Musical Mer
cli an (life of every .Description.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL AGENT
FOR THE BALE OK
THE BEST GOLD AND BILVEH WATCHES
DIRECT P ROM EUROPE
CHEAPEST IN THE WORLD.
No. 1317 UHENNUT STREET.
128 tilths 2rn LN THE MU8IU HI ORE.
X- Philadklfuia, Decembar is mum
The attending Mauaxers are:- ,r z'
WlBiar Morris. No. H s Third street.
B. Morris Wain, No. 128 S. Delaware avenue.
Attending Physic an J. M. Da Costa. M I Nn
lOMbpruoe street.. wosta, M, ., o.
Allendlug Surgeons-William Hunt, M. D No. 1100
Bpi uce street. ' .,. iw
eThoas Ueorge Morton, M. D.,No. un Ohesnul
ThePbyslclan and Burgeons attend at the HosnN
tal every day (Sundays excepted) to receive aoulica.
tlons for admission. wmv appuca
Persons seriously Injured by accident are always
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